US780476A - Endless-chain saw. - Google Patents

Endless-chain saw. Download PDF

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Publication number
US780476A
US780476A US1903166030A US780476A US 780476 A US780476 A US 780476A US 1903166030 A US1903166030 A US 1903166030A US 780476 A US780476 A US 780476A
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US
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
saw
chain
frame
shown
saws
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Samuel J Bens
Original Assignee
John S Kimball
Samuel J Bens
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D55/00Sawing machines or sawing devices working with strap saw blades, characterised only by constructional features of particular parts
    • B23D55/08Sawing machines or sawing devices working with strap saw blades, characterised only by constructional features of particular parts of devices for guiding or feeding strap saw blades
    • B23D55/088Devices for feeding strap saw blades
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/707By endless band or chain knife
    • Y10T83/7101With tool in-feed
    • Y10T83/7114Including means to permit arcuate in-feed motion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/707By endless band or chain knife
    • Y10T83/7264With special blade guide means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/929Tool or tool with support
    • Y10T83/9319Toothed blade or tooth therefor
    • Y10T83/9326Plural separable sections
    • Y10T83/9329Tooth separable from blade

Description

No. 780,476. PATENTED JAN. 17, 1905.

s.- J. BBNS. I

' ENDLESS CHAIN SAW.

APPLIOATION FILED JULY 17, 1903.

, 2 sums-sum 1.

PATENTED JAN. 17, 1905.

s. J. BB'NS. ENDLESSGHAIN SAW. A PPLIGATION FILEDIJULY 17, 1903.

2 SHEETS-8111131 2.

UNITED STATES iatented January 17, 1905.

[PATENT OFFICE.

SAMUEL J. BENS, OF SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA, ASSIGNOR OF TVVO- THIRDS TO JOHNS. KIMBALL, OF OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA.

ENDLESS-CHAIN SAW.

SPECIFICATION forming part-of Letters Patent No. 780,476, dated January 1'7, 1905. 7 Application filed July 17, 1903. Serial No. 166,030.

To all whom, it may concern:

Beit known that I, SAMUEL J .BENS, acitizen of the United States, residing at San Francisco, in the county of San Francisco and State of California, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Endless-ChainSaws, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to saws, and my ob-' ject is to produce a saw adapted for general use, and particularly to crosscut-sawing, for which at the present time hand-operated saws are almost universally employed. v

' Generally speaking, my saw comprises an endless chain provided with teeth and suitably mounted and guided, which is driven continuously in a single plane of motion. This chain of teeth is adapted to be pivoted at one end in a suitable support, so that it can be swung bodily in an are against and through a tree, log, slab, or other structure. By its use the slow methods of handsawing can in many cases 7 be superseded by a rapidly-driven mechanically-operated device, producing a great saving in time, expense, and labor, and in many cases enabling material to be saved and utilized which otherwise would be wasted.

An embodiment'of my invention is shown in the accompanying drawings, in which view of adjacent links of the chain.

Figure 1 is a side elevation.

moved. Fig. 3 is an enlarged sectional elevation at one end of the frame. Fig. 4 is a plan Fig. 5 is a detail end view of a link of the chain with a tooth in place, the saw-frame being shown in cross-section/ Fig. 6 is an elevation showing a portable saw on horizontal work. Fig. 7 is a plan view of the same. Fig. 8 is an elevation of a mill-saw on vertical work.

Throughout the drawings 1 represents a thin steel frame, preferably tapering from one end to the other' and having grooved edges. To the ends are bolted projecting brackets 2 3, which may be formed either in one piece or of separate parallel plates, both constructions being illustrated in the drawings. In bracket 2 is journaled a guide-wheel 4,having a deeplygrooved periphery, and in bracket 3 is adjustably mounted a su bstantially similar wheel Fig. 2 is a top I plan of frame and guide-wheels with s'aw re-,

5, the bracket 3 being slotted and the bear- 5. ings ofthe wheel 5 being movable in such slots by screw-bolts 6, which pass through threaded lugs 7 on the bracket. This construction ,forms a tension device for regulating the tentions 13 from their inneredges;--Theselinks are substantially of the same width as the 5 thickness of the frame, as shown in Fig. 5, and run upon the straight edges of the latter, while the projections 13 enter and are guided in the grooves in the frame edges, thus keeping the chain straight while traveling between 7 the carrying-Wheels. Similarly, the chainlinks travel upon the peripheries of the wheels, their projections entering and being guided by the peripheral grooves. in the tapering slot of each link 9 is set a saw-tooth 14, hav- 7S ing a tapered shank 15, which tightly fits the slot and shoulders 16, which bear upon the edge of the link adjacent to the slot. An opening 17 is made at the base of each projection 13, partly in order to insure the accurate seat- 30 ing of'the shoulders on each tooth and partly to facilitate the extraction of any tooth by permitting the insertion of a suitable tool below its shank. I have shown teeth of different shapes, some having inclined beveled 5 cutting edges 18, which form the kerf, al-

ternating with others having straight transverse cutting edges 19 to form the central drag; butI do not limit myself to any particular shape or style of cutting edge, as under 9 different circumstances or for different kinds of work changes can be madein these particulars, as those skilled in the art will readily understand. This frame, chain, and teeth constitute an endless saw, adapted to run continuously and to form a single saw-cut in the plane of its motion, and it is adapted to kinds and styles of sawing for which neither circular saws, band-saws, nor mechanically-operated reciprocating saws can be used, and for which hand-operated saws are always employed, the two-handled crosscut-saw being a familiar example.

I have illustrated in the drawings different ways of mounting my saw to show its adaptability to either horizontal or vertical crosscut work. In Figs. 6 and 7 the stump of the tree shown may represent a redwood stump as ordinarily left after felling and contains enough material to make a good bolt, but would ordinarily be left standing, as not warranting the expenditure of time and labor required to saw it through by hand. My saw is in this case shown as mounted upon a portable skid 21 and furnished With driving power, such as asteam-engine, gas-engine, or motor of any kind. The engine 22 is here shown as geared to the shaft of the guidewheel 4, which is extended into suitable bearings 23 on'the skid. The continuously-moving saw is swung on its pivots and otherwise controlled by an operator at the handle 8 and cross-cuts the stump or tree quickly and easily and low down, thus utilizing material ordinarily wasted.

In Fig. 8 the saw is supposed to be set up in a mill and to be employed in cross-cutting logs for bolts. Here the frame is shown as hung in a-suitable floor-bracket 24 above the blocks which support the log, and is driven by a belt 25 from the mill-shafting. The saw is thus perfectly free above the log and can be brought down upon and through it under control of the operator with greatfacility and despatch, the log resting upon floor-blocks.

1 am of course aware that continuouslyrunning flexible saws are old and well known, as illustrated by the band-saws in common use; but band-saws although effective for sawing lumber are incapable of crosscut-smving like that illustrated, because the band necessarily runs in two planes. My saw is flexible in its single plane of motion and the whole frame, with the idle side of the saw, follows the saw-cut through the log, the frame being of a stiffness and rigidity which keeps the saw in perfect line.

I do not limit myself to the constructions and arrangements herein described, and shown in the drawings, as I desire to avail myself of such modifications and equivalents as fall properly within the spirit of my invention.

Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

l. A chain-saw structure, comprising a chain-saw, a bar-frame therefor lying wholly within the cutting plane of the saw, having saw-supporting wheels at its ends and pivoted at one end on the axle of one of said wheels, and a handle at the outer or free end extending beyond the cutting range of the saw.

2. A chain-saw structure comprising a chainsaw, a bar-frame therefor lying wholly within the cutting plane of the saw, having sawsupporting wheels at its ends and pivoted at one end on the vertical axle of one of said wheels, and a handle at the outer or free end extending beyond the cutting range of the saw.

In testimony whereof I have afiixed my signature, in presence of two witnesses, this (5th day of July, 1903.

SAMUEL J. BENS.

Witnesses:

L. W. SEELY, Gruo. T. KNox.

US780476A 1903-07-17 1903-07-17 Endless-chain saw. Expired - Lifetime US780476A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2748809A (en) * 1952-11-20 1956-06-05 Sidney E Surgi Chain saw attachment with lubricating means
US3146538A (en) * 1963-02-11 1964-09-01 Dmitrovsky Excavatorny Zd Multi-bucket trench excavator with chain side cutters
US3972254A (en) * 1975-01-20 1976-08-03 Kemos Incorporated Cutting mechanism and method for cutting or slicing strips fed thereto
US4210049A (en) * 1978-12-21 1980-07-01 Gauthier R Raymond Tubular frame supported, cantilevered chain saw

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2748809A (en) * 1952-11-20 1956-06-05 Sidney E Surgi Chain saw attachment with lubricating means
US3146538A (en) * 1963-02-11 1964-09-01 Dmitrovsky Excavatorny Zd Multi-bucket trench excavator with chain side cutters
US3972254A (en) * 1975-01-20 1976-08-03 Kemos Incorporated Cutting mechanism and method for cutting or slicing strips fed thereto
US4210049A (en) * 1978-12-21 1980-07-01 Gauthier R Raymond Tubular frame supported, cantilevered chain saw

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