US778741A - Machine for printing and totalizing lines of numerals. - Google Patents

Machine for printing and totalizing lines of numerals. Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US778741A
US778741A US22230804A US1904222308A US778741A US 778741 A US778741 A US 778741A US 22230804 A US22230804 A US 22230804A US 1904222308 A US1904222308 A US 1904222308A US 778741 A US778741 A US 778741A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
disks
printing
series
setting
numerals
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US22230804A
Inventor
William Wallace Childs
Original Assignee
William Wallace Childs
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by William Wallace Childs filed Critical William Wallace Childs
Priority to US22230804A priority Critical patent/US778741A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US778741A publication Critical patent/US778741A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07BTICKET-ISSUING APPARATUS; FARE-REGISTERING APPARATUS; FRANKING APPARATUS
    • G07B17/00Franking apparatus
    • G07B17/00459Details relating to mailpieces in a franking system
    • G07B17/00508Printing or attaching on mailpieces

Description

PATENTED DEC. 27, 1904.
W. W. UHILDS.
MACHINE FOR- PRINTING AND TOTALIZING LINES OI NUMERALS.
APPLICATION FILED AUG.2G.1904. I
UNITED STATES Patented December 27, 1904.
PATENT OFFICE.
MACHINE FOR PRINTING AND TOTALIZING LINES OF NUMERALS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 778,741, dated December 27, 1904.
Application filed August 26, 1904. Serial No. 222,308.
provements in Machines for Printing and Totalizing Lines of Numerals; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
My invention relates to certain new and useful improvements in machines for printing lines of numerals and for registering, recording, and totalizing the same.
The main purpose of the invention is to produce an apparatus of relatively light, cornpact, and simple structure particularly adapted to the uses of statisticians, accountants, and others whose duties require them to enter in books columns of numerals and to add their totals. For these and analogous uses it is desirable that the entire apparatus be sufiiciently light and'small to be readily shiftable and operable by hand after the fashion of the ordinary hand-stamp. For other purposes larger machines of similar design may be employed.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 represents, partly in section and partly in elevation, one form of apparatus embodying my invention. Fig. 2 represents a front elevation thereof with a portion of the front casing broken away.- Fig. 3 represents, in section, amodification of the arrangement of the printing-disks.
Similar letters of reference indicate similar parts throughout the several views.
Referring to the drawings, A indicates the main frame, within which are mounted the fixed shafts or journals (6 6 and which is provided with a rear extension or pocket B for the reception of the frame or casing G of the totalizer. At its upper end the main frame A is provided with a hollow handle D, containing a spring 0, reacting between a crosspin (Z and the top of the handle. The crosspin (Z passes through slots 6 of the stem of the handle and is rigidly attached at its ends to a flange f of the yoke E, within which the main frame A is mounted. Each end of the journal b enters a corresponding slot f of the yoke, so that the main frame is appropriately guided in its up and down movements in the yoke by the slotsb and f at top and bottom, respectively.
To increase its stability, the yoke is preferably provided with wings F, forming lateral extensions at its base, but these extensions are preferably removable, so that they may be readily slipped on or off in order that the yoke may be brought close to the inner margin of the book-page when required.
The printing-disks g are mounted side by side upon the shaft 7), upon which each is free to be rotated independently of the others. Each printing-disk is provided upon one portion of its periphery with a series of printingdies, preferably ranging from O to 9, as indicated, preceded by a blank. It will be understood, however, that the zero-disk of the series may be dispensed with, together with its operating mechanism, by employing a drop-cipher in its stead, thereby reducing the number of printing disks and operating devices by one. Opposite the printing-dies each of the disks g is provided with cogs adapted to intermesh with similar cogs of a corresponding setting-disk it.
Each setting-disk /1/ is free to rotate inde pendently of its neighbor and is connected to the stationary shaft (6 by means of a coiled spring whose tendency to uncoil is exerted in the direction of the arrow, Fig. 1. The cogs of each setting-disk correspond in number to those of the intermeshing printingdisk and occupy approximately a quadrant of the disks periphery. The preceding quadrant is provided with a key a upon a lever Z,
these levers extending through slots of the front casing of the main frame A and being diverted to the right and left, as shown in Fig. 2, to give a wider keyboard. Beyond the cogs each disk It is provided with nine teeth 1*, located in recesses within which they are adapted to slide. Light springs 20 normally hold these nine teeth o in the protracted position shown, so as to be in the path of engagement with the totalizer-disks. Beyond the teeth 4 each setting-disk it is provided with a series of peripheral ratchet-teeth .2,
corresponding to the cogs and printing-dies and bearing on their longer flat faces the numerals indicated on the sides in Fig. 1. With these ratchet-teeth engages a drop-pawl 6. Each pawl acts independently of its neighbor; but the entire series is releasable by the head- 4 ed push-rod y' and cross-bar The totalizer is contained in the auxiliary casing C, which is adapted to be slipped into place in the extension or pocket B. It may consist of any suitable series-of wheels or disks corresponding to the disks It and in line with teeth 0) of said disks and is provided with the customary carrying mechanism familiar to those skilled in the art.
One form of totalizer suitable for the purpose is illustrated, for instance, in United States patent to Landin, No. 482,312, dated September 6, 1892. (See particularly Figs. 6, 7, 8, and 9 of said patent.)
The operation of the machine is as follows: WVhen a given line of numerals is to be printed, the operator depresses in succession the several keys corresponding in order of sequence to the several denominations of the numerals (as tens, hundreds, thousands, &c.) until, as read through the front casing, the numerals shown on the flat faces of the ratchetteeth coincide with the desired line. The actuation of these keys causes a commensurate rotation of the corresponding settingdisks it, to which they are attached, and also of the printing-disks intermeshing with the setting disks actuated. Jonsequently the printing-dies corresponding to the desired line of numerals are brought into the printing position and held thereat, the pawls 6 preventing retrograde movement. In the meantime the teeth u of each setting-disk have acted upon the corresponding disk of the totalizer and made an appropriate registry thereon of the line of numerals, adding it to the former registry if a former line of numerals has already been registered. A downward blow or pressure upon the knob or handle thereupon prints the line of numerals at the desired place in the book. Upon releasing the pawls by the push-rod j the various parts are all restored to the adjustment indicated in the drawings ready for the setting and printing of a new line. In this return movement those of the teeth c which have actuated the totaliZer-disks slide rearwardly within their recesses as against the tension of their individual springs and after passing the totalizer are again protracted into their normal positions by the action of said springs.
In Fig. 3 1 have shown a sectional view of a modified construction of the printing-disks. In this figure the cogged sectors of the printingdisks are, as before, of the same thickness as the cogs of the setting-disks; but in order to print smaller figures arranged more closely together the printing-dies are carried by a series of thinner plates or sectors 10, which sectors are connected to the several cog-sectors by cylindrical sections nested one within the other, as shown. In order to bring the lines themselves closer together, the disposition of the dies upon the peripheries of the sector and the relation of transmission of the cogs of the two series of disks may be correspondingly varied.
In the drawings I have indicated an inkingroller {0, mounted upon spring-arms 7 for supplying ink to the printing-dies. It is evident, however, that the means for inking the dies may be varied or that it maybe entirely omitted where, for instance, the dies are of the cutting, indenting or perforating kind.
It will be noted generally that the machine is adapted not only for use as an addingmachine, but also permits the operator to perform other mathematical operations, such as multiplication. subtraction, division, and extraction of the square root. This can be done by appropriate manipulation of the keys, and the result can then be printed, the totalizer in the meantime being removed, if desired. Broadly considered, therefore the machine is a combined calculator and printer, and as such is capable of a correspondingly wide range of uses.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim is 1. A hand-stamp, provided with a series of setting-disks, a series of disks carrying numeral-dies, and a totalizer differentially operated by said setting-disks; substantially as described.
2. The combination in a hand-stamp, of a support, and a frame carrying printing de vices, totalizing devices and means for dillerentially operating the same, said frame being movable to force the printing devices against the printing surface; substantially as de scribed.
3. A hand-stamp, provided with settingdisks each provided with a spring for returning it to the initial position and with a ratchet and pawl for retaining it temporarily in a set adjustment, means for actuating the several setting-disks, and a series of disks bearing numeral-dies intermeshing with the settingdisks; substantially as described.
at. A hand-stamp, provided with settingdisks, each provided with a spring for returning it to the initial position and with a ratchet and pawl for retaining it temporarily in a set adjustment, means for actuating the several setting-disks, means for tripping all of said disks simultaneously, and a series of disks bearing numeral-dies iutermeshiug with the setting-disks; substantially as described.
5. A hand-starnp provided with setting disks, each provided with a spring for rcturning it to the initial position and with a ratchet and pawl for retaining it temporarily in a set adjustment, means for actuating the several setting-disks, a series of spring-seated teeth,
a totalizer whose disks are located in the path of movement of said teeth, and a series of disks bearing numeral-dies intermeshing with the setting-disks; substantially as described.
6. A hand-stamp, provided with a casing, setting-disks and printing-disks intermeshing therewith mounted within the casing, and an outer standard within which the casing is movable; substantially as described.
7. A hand-stamp, provided with a casing, setting-disks and printing-disks mounted within the casing, a supplemental removable casing containing a totalizer, and an outer standard within which the main casing is movable; substantially as described.
8. A hand-stamp, provided with a casing, setting and printing disks, mounted within the casing and intermeshing with each other, the printing-disks having their dies mounted upon sectors thinner than their intermeshing portions and ranged close together; substantially as described.
9. A hand-stamp, provided with a casing, setting and printing disks mounted within the casing, an outer standard within which the casing is movable, and removable basal wings or extensions for said standard; substantially as described.
10. A hand-stamp, provided with a series of setting-disks and a series of calculating and printing disks intermeshing therewith; substantially as described.
11. A hand-stamp, provided with a series of setting-disks and a series of printing-disks intermeshing therewith, and a totalizer adapted to be thrown into or out of engagement with the setting-disks; substantially as described.
12. The combination of a series of settingdisks, a fixed shaft about which said disks are revoluble and to which they are connected by central springs, the periphery of each of said disks being provided with a series of cogs, resilient teeth, and ratchet-teeth, in succession thereon and having an actuating key-lever, a corresponding series of cogged printing-disks, and a totalizer adapted to be operated by the resilient teeth; substantially as described.
13. The combination of a series of settingdisks, a fixed shaft about which said disks are revoluble and to which they are connected by central springs, the periphery of each of said disks being provided with a series of cogs, and ratchet-teeth, in succession thereon and having an actuating key-lever, and a corresponding series of cogged printing-disks intermeshing with the cogs of said setting-disks; substantially as described.
14. In a hand-stamp, a series of actuatingdisks, provided with resilient teeth, in combination with a totalizer having a corresponding series of disks in the path of movement of said teeth; substantially as described.
15. In a machine of the kind described, a series of key-actuated disks, arranged side by side and each provided with its individual keylever for advancing it step by step, each of said disks bearing on its periphery a series of numerals, ratchet-and-pawl mechanism for temporarily locking the individual disks in the position to which they are brought ,by the central springs, pawl-releasing mechanism, and springs for returning the disks to their initial position upon the release of the pawls; substantially as described.-
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
WILLIAM WALLACE CHILDS.
\Vitnessesz JOHN C. PENNIE, G. HOWELL.
US22230804A 1904-08-26 1904-08-26 Machine for printing and totalizing lines of numerals. Expired - Lifetime US778741A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US22230804A US778741A (en) 1904-08-26 1904-08-26 Machine for printing and totalizing lines of numerals.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US22230804A US778741A (en) 1904-08-26 1904-08-26 Machine for printing and totalizing lines of numerals.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US778741A true US778741A (en) 1904-12-27

Family

ID=2847225

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US22230804A Expired - Lifetime US778741A (en) 1904-08-26 1904-08-26 Machine for printing and totalizing lines of numerals.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US778741A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3955497A (en) * 1974-09-18 1976-05-11 James Rawlings Sydnor Bar code printing device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3955497A (en) * 1974-09-18 1976-05-11 James Rawlings Sydnor Bar code printing device

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US1878125A (en) Accounting machine
US778741A (en) Machine for printing and totalizing lines of numerals.
US2894449A (en) Sales transaction machine
US369401A (en) enjalbert
US2062570A (en) Cash register
US1080907A (en) Calculating-machine.
US669286A (en) Adding apparatus.
US201401A (en) Improvement in num bering-machines
US703335A (en) Machine for printing and embossing checks.
US1162388A (en) Check-writer.
US731490A (en) Machine for dating and numbering mileage-tickets.
US401780A (en) Type-writing machine
US1301986A (en) Cipher-printing mechanism.
US780272A (en) Tabulating-machine.
US438971A (en) Type-writing machine
US766255A (en) Automatic type-setting laundry-marking machine.
US713205A (en) Cash-register.
US503986A (en) And recobding machine
US999846A (en) Hand-stamp.
US726959A (en) Combined writing and adding machine.
US441232A (en) Type writing machine
US323495A (en) Type-writing machine
US3078790A (en) Check writer
US1400575A (en) Check-writer
US661058A (en) Calculating device for type-writers.