US766457A - Sleigh. - Google Patents

Sleigh. Download PDF

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US766457A
US766457A US16668703A US1903166687A US766457A US 766457 A US766457 A US 766457A US 16668703 A US16668703 A US 16668703A US 1903166687 A US1903166687 A US 1903166687A US 766457 A US766457 A US 766457A
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Prior art keywords
runners
sockets
sleigh
attached
brackets
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US16668703A
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Elzear Michaud
Charles Desjardins
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62BHAND-PROPELLED VEHICLES, e.g. HAND CARTS OR PERAMBULATORS; SLEDGES
    • B62B13/00Sledges with runners
    • B62B13/02Sledges with runners characterised by arrangement of runners
    • B62B13/06Sledges with runners characterised by arrangement of runners arranged in two or more parallel lines

Definitions

  • Our invention relates to sleighs such as used for hauling purposes.
  • the object of the invention is to produce a sleigh of very simple construction which will be durable and have a certain desirable flexibility in the joints or points of connection between the parts.
  • Figure 1 is a plan.
  • Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the forward truck of the sleigh, showing a portion only of the tongue or pole. This view is upon an enlarged scale, as will appear.
  • Fig. 3 is a plan of the forward portion of the forward truck shown in connection with a portion of the tongue, and a portion of this view is broken away, as will appear.
  • Fig. a is a vertical transverse section taken substantially on the line 4: 4: of Fig. 2, a portion of this view being broken away for the purpose of illustrating the manner of connecting the beams to the runner.
  • Fig. 5 is a transverse vertical section taken through one of the beams at its point of connection with the runner.
  • each socket comprising a substantially V-shaped bottom 8 and side walls, ears, or cheeks 9, disposed at each end of the said socket.
  • each of these head s consists of a substa ntiall y rectangular yoke or strap 11, the upper portion whereof is adapted to receive the beam, as shown in Fig. 5.
  • the lower portion of each strap 11 is formed into a V-shapedseat12.
  • a liller 13 which filler is open upon the sides adjacent to the ears 9, its remaining walls conforming substantially to the shape of the space formed between the lower face of the beam and the lower portion of the strap 11.
  • each of the beams A there is attached a spring 11, the ends whereof are provided with lateral extensions 15, which are rigidly attached to the inner sides of the sockets 7, as shown most clearly in Fig. 4, and the bolts 16, by means of which these extensions 15 are attached, pass through the interior of the tillers 13 and the checks 9 and afford means for preventing the withdrawal of the heads 10 from the sockets, as will be readily understood.
  • the straps 11 On their forward and rear faces the straps 11 are provided with pairs of oppositely-disposed ears 17, between which are attached the extremities of opposit-ely-extending links 18, the same inclining downwardly toward the runners, and these links at their extremities connect with the shorter links or knuckleplates 19, the same having their lower extremities rotatably attached to the runners by means of the removable pins 20, used in connection with alining openings 21, there being preferably several of these openings 21, whereby an adjustment may be made at these points, as will be readily understood.
  • the construction so far described is substantially the same for both the forward and the rear trucks.
  • the rear truck further comprises a bolster 22, which is attached to the upper side of the beam thereof by means of bolts 23, as shown in Fig. l.
  • a bolster 24 is employed in connection with the forward truck, the same being attached, however, by means of a king-bolt 25, enabling a pivotal movement of the bolster, as will be readily understood.
  • caps or straps 26 including webbed sockets 27, to receive stakes or guards 28 and secured by through-bolts 27
  • rubbing plates 29 and 30 having flanges 31, so that they form sockets adapted to receive the body of the parts to which they are attached.
  • a clevis 32 is connected, the same being of substantially triangular form, its opening receiving the forwardextremity of the short tongue 33, which tongue attaches at its rear to a cross-head 34, which cross-head terminates in pintles 35, rotatably mounted in the forward extremities of the runners of the rear truck 2, cotter-pins 35 being used in this connection, as shown.
  • the rigidity of this tongue 33 is increased by means of the diagonal braces 36.
  • the forward tongue or pole 37 attaches at its rear to a cross-head 38, substantially similar to the cross-head 34 aforesaid.
  • This crosshead 38 terminates in pintles 39, attached to the runners of the forward truck in the same manner as the cross-head 34 is attached to the runners of therear truck.
  • Diagonalbraces 40 are employed in connection with this tongue, the same comprising rearward extensions 41, which are threaded and cooperate with nuts 42 to secure the braces to the cross-head 38, webs 43 being employed in this connection in the manner shown.
  • a bracket 47 which is formed forwardly into an elongated eye 48, and this eye receives a transverse pin 49, carried by the bifurcated extremity of a strap 50, the body whereof is disposed longitudinally of the tongue a short distance above the same, the forward extremity of this strap being offset downwardly, as shown, so that its tip 51 may be received under a transversely-disposed loop 52.
  • These parts are preferably all mounted upon the upper one of two opposite plates 53, and between this plate and the strap a swingletree 54 is attached by means of a short removable pivot-bolt 55.
  • the said strap 50 is provided with several openings 56, disposed longitudinally upon the same. ment enables the position of the swingletree to be adjusted in a forward or rear direction, as will be readily understood.
  • brackets carried thereby, said brackets being This arrange-' IIS formed above into sockets, a beam disposed transversely between said runners, heads carried thereby and received by said sockets, and a spring attached to the under side of said beam and to the inner sides of said sockets.
  • runners, brackets carried thereby said brackets being formed above into sockets having ears at the sides thereof, a beam disposed transversely between said runners, heads carried thereby and received by said sockets, a spring carried by the under side of said beam and having lateral extensions at the extremities thereof, bolts mounted in said ears and passing through said lateral extensions and said heads, and links connecting said heads with said runners.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Transportation (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Body Structure For Vehicles (AREA)

Description

No. 766,457. PATENTED AUG. 2, 1904. E. MICHAUD & G. DESJARDINS.
SLEIGH.
APPLIOATION FILED JULY 23. 1903.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
N0 MODEL.
157 car Mac/mad %a r/r5J Qrdzn5 Inventors LEN fis Witnesses:
Attorneys No. 766,457. PATENTED AUG. 2, 1904. E. MICHAUD & G. DESJARDINS.
SLEIGH.
APPLICATION TILED JULY 23.1903.
N0 MODEL. 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
79 q 6 j 9 19 0E) 0-H o M L 30 Z] 6 20/ 3/ 21 nventora Attorneys UNITED STATES Patented August 2, 1904;.
PATENT OFFICE.
SLEIGH.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 766,457, dated August 2, 1904.
Application filed July 23, 1903. Serial No. 166,687. No model) To all 2071,0711 it TH/fLZ/ concern:
Be it known that we, ELZEAR MIOHAUD and CHARLES DESJARDINS, subjects of the King of Great Britain, residing at St. Pierre, county of Provencher, Province of Manitoba, Canada, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Sleighs; and we do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
Our invention relates to sleighs such as used for hauling purposes.
The object of the invention is to produce a sleigh of very simple construction which will be durable and have a certain desirable flexibility in the joints or points of connection between the parts.
The invention consists in the construction and combination of parts, to be more fully described hereinafter and definitely set forth in the claims.
In the drawings, which fully illustrate our invention, Figure 1 is a plan. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the forward truck of the sleigh, showing a portion only of the tongue or pole. This view is upon an enlarged scale, as will appear. Fig. 3 is a plan of the forward portion of the forward truck shown in connection with a portion of the tongue, and a portion of this view is broken away, as will appear. Fig. a is a vertical transverse section taken substantially on the line 4: 4: of Fig. 2, a portion of this view being broken away for the purpose of illustrating the manner of connecting the beams to the runner. Fig. 5 is a transverse vertical section taken through one of the beams at its point of connection with the runner.
Throughout the drawings and specification the same numerals of reference denote like parts.
Referring more particularly to the parts, 1 and 2 represent, respectively, the forward and rear trucks, which constitute the body of the sleigh. These trucks comprise runners 3 and beams 4c, carried,respectively, near the middle points of said runners, the said beams being supported in brackets or knees 5, which are attached, as shown, to the upper edges of the runners. The brackets 5 consist of oppositelydisposed adjacent plates or wings 6,which receive the upper edges of the runners between them, and these plates unite above to form a socket 7, each socket comprising a substantially V-shaped bottom 8 and side walls, ears, or cheeks 9, disposed at each end of the said socket.
At or near the extremities of the beams 4 there are attached the heads 10, and each of these head s consists of a substa ntiall y rectangular yoke or strap 11, the upper portion whereof is adapted to receive the beam, as shown in Fig. 5. The lower portion of each strap 11 is formed into a V-shapedseat12. Between the seat 12 and the lower face of the beam there is received a liller 13, which filler is open upon the sides adjacent to the ears 9, its remaining walls conforming substantially to the shape of the space formed between the lower face of the beam and the lower portion of the strap 11.
To the lower face of each of the beams A there is attached a spring 11, the ends whereof are provided with lateral extensions 15, which are rigidly attached to the inner sides of the sockets 7, as shown most clearly in Fig. 4, and the bolts 16, by means of which these extensions 15 are attached, pass through the interior of the tillers 13 and the checks 9 and afford means for preventing the withdrawal of the heads 10 from the sockets, as will be readily understood. 3
On their forward and rear faces the straps 11 are provided with pairs of oppositely-disposed ears 17, between which are attached the extremities of opposit-ely-extending links 18, the same inclining downwardly toward the runners, and these links at their extremities connect with the shorter links or knuckleplates 19, the same having their lower extremities rotatably attached to the runners by means of the removable pins 20, used in connection with alining openings 21, there being preferably several of these openings 21, whereby an adjustment may be made at these points, as will be readily understood.
The construction so far described is substantially the same for both the forward and the rear trucks. The rear truck further comprises a bolster 22, which is attached to the upper side of the beam thereof by means of bolts 23, as shown in Fig. l. A bolster 24 is employed in connection with the forward truck, the same being attached, however, by means of a king-bolt 25, enabling a pivotal movement of the bolster, as will be readily understood. The extremities of the bolsters are fitted with caps or straps 26, including webbed sockets 27, to receive stakes or guards 28 and secured by through-bolts 27 In the forward truck the adjacent faces of the bolster and the beam are provided, respectively, with rubbing plates 29 and 30, having flanges 31, so that they form sockets adapted to receive the body of the parts to which they are attached. To the rear side of the rubbing plate 30 a clevis 32 is connected, the same being of substantially triangular form, its opening receiving the forwardextremity of the short tongue 33, which tongue attaches at its rear to a cross-head 34, which cross-head terminates in pintles 35, rotatably mounted in the forward extremities of the runners of the rear truck 2, cotter-pins 35 being used in this connection, as shown. The rigidity of this tongue 33 is increased by means of the diagonal braces 36.
The forward tongue or pole 37 attaches at its rear to a cross-head 38, substantially similar to the cross-head 34 aforesaid. This crosshead 38 terminates in pintles 39, attached to the runners of the forward truck in the same manner as the cross-head 34 is attached to the runners of therear truck. Diagonalbraces 40 are employed in connection with this tongue, the same comprising rearward extensions 41, which are threaded and cooperate with nuts 42 to secure the braces to the cross-head 38, webs 43 being employed in this connection in the manner shown.
In order to afford means for sustaining the weight of the tongue 37 at the extremities of the cross-head 38, we provide the springs 44, which consist of several substantially helical coils disposed about the reduced extremities of the head, as shown, the extension 45 of the springs being attached to the inner sides of the runners 3, the other extremities of the springs having lateral extensions which are received in lugs 46, formed upon the upper sides of the cross-head.
To provide for hitching a pair of horses to the tongue 37, upon its upper side near the rear there is attached a bracket 47 which is formed forwardly into an elongated eye 48, and this eye receives a transverse pin 49, carried by the bifurcated extremity of a strap 50, the body whereof is disposed longitudinally of the tongue a short distance above the same, the forward extremity of this strap being offset downwardly, as shown, so that its tip 51 may be received under a transversely-disposed loop 52. These parts are preferably all mounted upon the upper one of two opposite plates 53, and between this plate and the strap a swingletree 54 is attached by means of a short removable pivot-bolt 55. The said strap 50 is provided with several openings 56, disposed longitudinally upon the same. ment enables the position of the swingletree to be adjusted in a forward or rear direction, as will be readily understood.
It should appear that the pull of the animals drawing the sleigh keeps the strap 50 in a forwardly-disposed position and prevents any possibility of the swingletrees becoming detached.
It should appear that the elongated eye 48 is of suclra length as to allow a rearward movement of the strap 50 to disengage the tip 51 from the loop 52, whereupon the swingletree could be removed and another one applied or the swingletree could be applied in a new position more readily. Evidently the pull of the horses always maintains the strap in this locked position.
While we have shown in the accompanying drawings the preferred form of our invention, it will be readily understood that we do not limit ourselves to the precise form shown, for many of the details may be changed in form or position without affecting thev operativeness or utility of our invention, and we therefore reserve the right to make all such modifications as are included in the scope of the following claims or of mechanical equivalents to the structures set forth.
Having described our invention, what we claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent,
1. In a sleigh, in combination, runners,
brackets carried thereby and having substantially V-shaped sockets opening upwardly, a beam disposed transversely with respect to said runners, and heads carried by said beam and having substantially V-shaped seats adapted to be received by said sockets, said sockets being of a wider angle than said seats. 2. In a sleigh, in combination, runners, brackets carried thereby, said brackets having upwardly-turned substantially V-shaped sockets, abeam disposed transversely between said runners, heads carried thereby and having substantially V-shaped seats lying in said sockets, said sockets being of a greater angle than said seats, ears at the sides of said sockets, and bolts passing through said heads and said ears, said seats having enlarged openings respectively through which said bolts pass.
3. In a sleigh, in combination, runners, brackets carried thereby and having substantially V-shaped sockets opening upwardly, a beam disposed transversely with respect to said runners, heads carried by said beam and having substantially V-shaped seats adapted to be received by said sockets, said sockets being of a wider angle than said seats, and links connecting said heads with said runners.
4. In a sleigh, in combination, runners, brackets carried thereby, said brackets being This arrange-' IIS formed above into sockets, a beam disposed transversely between said runners, heads carried thereby and received by said sockets, and a spring attached to the under side of said beam and to the inner sides of said sockets.
5. In a sleigh, in combination, runners, brackets carried thereby, said brackets being formed above into sockets having ears at the sides thereof, a beam disposed transversely between said runners, heads carried thereby and received by said sockets, a spring carried by the under side of said beam and having lateral extensions at the extremities thereof, bolts mounted in said ears and passing through said lateral extensions and said heads, and links connecting said heads with said runners. 6. In a sleigh, in combination, runners, brackets carried thereby, said brackets being formed above into sockets, a beam disposed transversely with respect to said runners, straps surrounding said beam, fillers received in the lower portion of said straps below said beam and conforming substantially to the shape of said straps, the lower portions of said straps being received in said sockets, and links connecting said straps with said runners forwardly and rearwardly thereof.
7. In a sleigh, in combination, runners, brackets attached thereto, said brackets being formed above into substantially V shaped sockets, a beam disposed above said sockets, straps surrounding said beam and having substantially V-shaped lower portions, adapted to seat in said sockets, fillers adapted to be received by the lower portions of said straps, lying beneath said beam and conforming substantiall y to the outline of said straps, a spring carried by the under side of said beam and attached to the said sockets, and links connecting said straps forwardly and rear \vardl y with said runners.
In witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands in the presence of two witnesses.
ELZEAR MICI-IAUD. CHARLES DESJARDINS. WVitnesses:
J. A. MARION, F. D. AMMnN.
US16668703A 1903-07-23 1903-07-23 Sleigh. Expired - Lifetime US766457A (en)

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