US766027A - Musical instrument. - Google Patents

Musical instrument. Download PDF

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Publication number
US766027A
US766027A US17786103A US1903177861A US766027A US 766027 A US766027 A US 766027A US 17786103 A US17786103 A US 17786103A US 1903177861 A US1903177861 A US 1903177861A US 766027 A US766027 A US 766027A
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United States
Prior art keywords
piston
rod
musical instrument
plug
opening
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Expired - Lifetime
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US17786103A
Inventor
Frank H Fairchild
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JOHN S THRASHER
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JOHN S THRASHER
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Application filed by JOHN S THRASHER filed Critical JOHN S THRASHER
Priority to US17786103A priority Critical patent/US766027A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10GAIDS FOR MUSIC; SUPPORTS FOR MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; OTHER AUXILIARY DEVICES OR ACCESSORIES FOR MUSIC OR MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
    • G10G7/00Other auxiliary devices or accessories, e.g. conductors' batons or separate holders for resin or strings
    • G10G7/02Tuning forks or like devices

Description

. PATBNTED JULY 26, 1904. P. H. FAIRGHIID. l MUSICAL INSTRUMENT. nPLIoATIoN rILnn 00121. 1903.

F0 MODEL.

Q a IVITJVESSES.

Patented July 26, 1964.

UNITED STATES PATENT OEEICE.

FRANK H. FAIROHILD, OF DETROIT, MICHIGAN, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO JOHN S. THRASHER, OF DETROIT, MICHIGAN.

MUSICAL INSTRUMENT.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 766,027, dated July 26, 1904.

Application iiled October 2l, 1903. Serial No. 177,861- (No model.)

To all whom it may concern.:

Be it known that I, FRANK H. FAIRCHTLD, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at Detroit, in the county of Wayne and State of Michigan, have invented certain new and usefulImprovements in Musical Instruments, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.

This invention relates to an improved musical instrument; and its object is to provide a Wind instrument which will give forth sounds differing from those produced by any instrument in the nature of a horn, iute, or -whistle and which is Very simple and cheap in construction and upon which it is easy to learn to play.

To this end the invention consists in the particular construction, arrangement, and combination of parts, all as hereinafter more fully described, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure lis an elevation of adevice embodying the invention, showing the side in which the sound-opening is-located with parts broken away to show the construction; and Fig. 2 a longitudinal section of the same on the line m a; of Fig. l.

As shown in the drawings, A is a tubular body portion formed of a thin metal tube closed at one end by a capB screwed thereon, said cap being provided with outwardly and inwardly extending bosses B', having an axial opening through 'which the rod O passes and forming an extended bearing therefor. The cap is also provided with openings B2 for the escape of the air contained in the cylinder or body A behind the piston D, said piston consisting of a cup-shaped head fitting closely within the body to slide therein and secured to the inner end of the rod O. A disk B3, of leather or other suitable material, is secured upon the inner boss against the inner side of the cap and forms a buifer for the piston. The piston is secured to the end of the rod by reducing said end to form ashoulder thereon and to pass through an opening in the head and by forming a head D2 on the end of the reduced portion Dl to engage a washer D3, interposed between said head and the piston, a flexible washer D4, of rubber or other suitable material, being interposed between the piston and the shoulder, so that the head is secured to the rod against longitudinal movement thereon, but free to have a slight lat- 5 5 4 eral movement, thus preventing it from binding and sticking in the cylinder.

Fitted tightly within the body A, near the opposite end thereof from that closed by the cap B, is a plug E, formed of any suitable material which is not appreciably affected by varying temperatures, so that it may be driven hard into the tube or body, and at its upper side this plug' is cut away or provided with a flat portion E', so that a passage E2 is formed 65 between the plug and tube, the plug being cut away at an incline to its axial line, so that the passage will be contracted toward the rear end of the plug. In the tubular body at the rear side of the plug and opposite the passage 7C E2 is cut a notch or sound-opening F, the edge of the metal tube opposite the end of the passage being formed with a feather-edge F.

A mouthpiece G is provided with a tubular portion G to I'it closely Within the end of the 75.

tube adjacent to the plug and is contracted to form a narrow throat portion G2 and formed with a flaring or bell-shaped end G3 to be pressed against the lips.

The rod C is bent twice at right angles, 8O forming the two parallel portions C and O2, the portion C extending within the body and having the piston secured to its end and the portion O2 passing outside the body and close to the side thereof, its end being turned at right angles and provided with a handle O3, extending radially outward from the body. By thus bending the piston-rod the handle, whether the rod be extended or not, is always adjacent to the body in a position to support the same and to be easily and accurately operated, the operator being able to move the piston much more accurately and easily by having the handle where it can be grasped without extending the arm. The piston and rod being free to turn within the body the handle may be turned to extend radially outward from any side thereof, and therefore the operator may operate the same with either hand or in any'position to suit his convenience. The body being a thin metal tube formed with the sound-opening having the feather-edge when the player blows into the same the body vibrates and produces pleasing tones, the length of the vibrations being determined by the position of the piston, which may be moved to make any note desired within the range of the instrument, the featheredge of the sound-opening and the size and shape of the passage E2 being essential elements in determining the quality of the tones.

In using the instrument theplayer grasps the mouthpiece with one hand and presses the flaring end against his lips, while with the other hand he grasps the handle which operates the piston and at the same time supports the body, which is thus free to vibrate and gives a much more pleasing tone than it would if the hand of the player came in contact with it.

By providing the flaring mouthpiece the instrument may be held firmly against the lips and the piston operated without injury to lips or teeth by the jar or vibration, and by connecting the piston to the rod as described the movement of the piston will not be hindered if the rod is not guided accurately, and thus the piston will move freely without binding at all times.

Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim isl. In a musical instrument, the combination of a cylindrical body having a sound-opening in its side and provided with a mouthpiece, a plug in the body cut away to form a passage adjacent to said opening, a piston in said body, a rod attached at one end to said piston and formed with two parallel portions, one to eX- tend within the body and the other to extend outside the same adjacent to the side thereof, and a handle on the end of the outer portion of the rod.

2. In a musical instrument, the combination of a tubular body having a sound-opening, a plug in the body adjacent to said opening and forming a passage, a flaring mouthpiece iitted within the end of the body adjacent to the plug, a cap on the opposite end of the body Vprovided with a boss having an axial opening and provided with openings, a buffer secured to the inner face of the cap, a cupped piston within the body, and a rod having parallel portions, one end of one portion attached to the piston and the end of the other portion provided with a handle extending radially outward from the body.

In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.

FRANK H. FAIRCHILD.

Witnesses:

OTTO F. BARTHEL, J oHN G. THRASHER.

US17786103A 1903-10-21 1903-10-21 Musical instrument. Expired - Lifetime US766027A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2532229A (en) * 1946-02-21 1950-11-28 Ultrasonic Corp Acoustic device
US2638027A (en) * 1947-07-17 1953-05-12 Gaston M Strobino Wind instrument
US2782557A (en) * 1956-03-12 1957-02-26 Harley Max Pump operated call device
US3326073A (en) * 1964-05-25 1967-06-20 Daniel V Tremaine Wind instrument
US4683796A (en) * 1984-07-13 1987-08-04 William Salaman Mouthpieces for musical wind instruments
US5826534A (en) * 1997-02-11 1998-10-27 Huang; King-Lin Whistle

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2532229A (en) * 1946-02-21 1950-11-28 Ultrasonic Corp Acoustic device
US2638027A (en) * 1947-07-17 1953-05-12 Gaston M Strobino Wind instrument
US2782557A (en) * 1956-03-12 1957-02-26 Harley Max Pump operated call device
US3326073A (en) * 1964-05-25 1967-06-20 Daniel V Tremaine Wind instrument
US4683796A (en) * 1984-07-13 1987-08-04 William Salaman Mouthpieces for musical wind instruments
US5826534A (en) * 1997-02-11 1998-10-27 Huang; King-Lin Whistle

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