US761421A - Car-fender. - Google Patents

Car-fender. Download PDF

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Publication number
US761421A
US761421A US20110104A US1904201101A US761421A US 761421 A US761421 A US 761421A US 20110104 A US20110104 A US 20110104A US 1904201101 A US1904201101 A US 1904201101A US 761421 A US761421 A US 761421A
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Prior art keywords
fender
car
bars
cushions
tubing
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Expired - Lifetime
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US20110104A
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Leo M Snyder
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R21/00Arrangements or fittings on vehicles for protecting or preventing injuries to occupants or pedestrians in case of accidents or other traffic risks
    • B60R21/34Protecting non-occupants of a vehicle, e.g. pedestrians

Definitions

  • This invention has relation to car-fenders, and has for its object the provision of a fender of novel form and construction which will be comparativelylight in weight and very strong and so constructed and arranged as to prevent injury to a person or animal when struck by the fender.
  • I con-v struct the fender substantially in the'form of a rectangular framework which extends in front of the car and is inclined from the'level of the car-body to a point near the surface of the street.
  • the supporting parts of the frame 1 construct of suitable metallic bars, while those portions which are liable to strike a person or upon which they are likely to fall are composed of elastic air-filled cushions or tubing.
  • My invention consists in the novel construction, combination, and arrangement of parts hereinafter described and claimed.
  • Figure 1 1s a side vlew of a portionof a car having my improved fender applied thereto.
  • Fig. 2 is a front elevation of the'same. Fig.
  • FIG. 3 is a plan view of the same.
  • Fig. 1 is a sectional detail view of partof the elastic cushions which I employ; and
  • Fig. 5 is a View,
  • the platform of the car (designated 1 in the drawings) carries the usual dashboard 2 and the wheel-guard 3, which latter issustained above the tracks 1 4 by depending rods 5 5.
  • the fender is secured to the platform 1 and to the wheel-guard 3 and is constructed as follows: Adjacentto the tracks 1 1 and form 1 and the wheel-guard 3. vlower bars 6 and parallel thereto I arrange a parallel therewith I arrange a series of par allel bars 6 6, which are connected at their rear ends to an inclined frame 7, which extends between, and is connected to the plat- Above the second set of bars 8 8, these bars being di' rected toward a common point and being con-.
  • a similar metallic section 1 1 issecured to the front of the carplatform 1, this section being semicircular in shape in the form of platform shown or of any other desired configuration, and it carries a section 15 of tubing similar to the tubing carried by the sections 11 11-
  • the several sections of tubing which constitute cushions are provided with valves 16 16 similar to the valves used on bicycle-tires, and the cushions are inflated by means of an air-pump applied to these valves.
  • Straight sections of tubing 17 connect the upper cushions 13 with the cushion 15 and cushions 17, being disposed at the same angle to the bars 8, but inclining from the car plat form downwardly, as shown in Fig. 1.
  • a car-fender In a car-fender, the combination of a lower frame composed of horizontally-disposed parallel bars, an upper frame composed of horizontally-arranged converging bars, airinflated cushions arranged on the ends of both frames, a cushion attached to the car-platform, and converging cushions extend in g from the platform to the outer end of the upper frame.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Refuge Islands, Traffic Blockers, Or Guard Fence (AREA)

Description

o. 761,421. I PATBNTED MAY'31, 1904.
L. M. SNYDER.
GAR FENDER.
. APPLIOA'IION FILED APR. 1, 1904 N0 MODEL.
'- UNITED STA Patented May 31, 1904.
LEO M. SNYDER, OF DUBOIS, PENNSYLVANIA.
CAR-FENDER.
SPECIFICATION formingpart of Letters Patent No. 761,421, dated May 31, 1904.
Application filed April 1, 1964. Serial-No. 201,101. (No model.) i
To all'whom it may concern: 1
Be it known that I, LEO M. SNYDER, a citizen of the United States of America, residing atDubois, in the county of Clearfield and State of'Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Car-Fenders, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.
This invention has relation to car-fenders, and has for its object the provision of a fender of novel form and construction which will be comparativelylight in weight and very strong and so constructed and arranged as to prevent injury to a person or animal when struck by the fender.
In carryingmy invention into effect I con-v struct the fender substantially in the'form of a rectangular framework which extends in front of the car and is inclined from the'level of the car-body to a point near the surface of the street. The supporting parts of the frame 1 construct of suitable metallic bars, while those portions which are liable to strike a person or upon which they are likely to fall are composed of elastic air-filled cushions or tubing.
My invention consists in the novel construction, combination, and arrangement of parts hereinafter described and claimed.
Referring to the accompanying draw ngs, Figure 1 1s a side vlew of a portionof a car having my improved fender applied thereto.
' Fig. 2 is a front elevation of the'same. Fig.
3 is a plan view of the same. Fig. 1 is a sectional detail view of partof the elastic cushions which I employ; and Fig. 5 is a View,
, partly in section, of a modified form of cushion.
My improvement is applied to cars of any construction, and I have therefore shown only a sufficient portion of the'platform of a streetcar to illustrate themanner in which my fender is applied to the car.
The platform of the car (designated 1 in the drawings) carries the usual dashboard 2 and the wheel-guard 3, which latter issustained above the tracks 1 4 by depending rods 5 5. The fender is secured to the platform 1 and to the wheel-guard 3 and is constructed as follows: Adjacentto the tracks 1 1 and form 1 and the wheel-guard 3. vlower bars 6 and parallel thereto I arrange a parallel therewith I arrange a series of par allel bars 6 6, which are connected at their rear ends to an inclined frame 7, which extends between, and is connected to the plat- Above the second set of bars 8 8, these bars being di' rected toward a common point and being con-. nected at their rear ends to eyes 9, carried by the'inclined frame 7, and being connected at their forward ends by vertical rods 10 to the bars 6. The outer ends of the bars 6 6 and the outer ends of the bars 8 8 carry the supports for the fender-cushions, which are shown in sectional view on an enlarged scale in Fig. 1. These supports are composed of concavo-convex metallic sections 11 11, which carry eyes 12, by means of which they are attached, re
spectively, to the bars 6 of the lower frame and the bars 8 of the upper frame. Viewed from above these sections 11 11 extend in a straight line, and they have inwardlybent ends, as shown, and carry on their outer sides elastic tubing 13 13, which is attached to the concavocon vex sections 11 11' in any desired manner as, for in stance, by suitable cement-or in any other manner by means of which tubing of this character may be secured in place upon a concave metallic surface. A similar metallic section 1 1 issecured to the front of the carplatform 1, this section being semicircular in shape in the form of platform shown or of any other desired configuration, and it carries a section 15 of tubing similar to the tubing carried by the sections 11 11- The several sections of tubing which constitute cushions are provided with valves 16 16 similar to the valves used on bicycle-tires, and the cushions are inflated by means of an air-pump applied to these valves.
Straight sections of tubing 17 connect the upper cushions 13 with the cushion 15 and cushions 17, being disposed at the same angle to the bars 8, but inclining from the car plat form downwardly, as shown in Fig. 1. The
TOO
may fall between the tracks from passing under the fender.
In the modified form of cushions shown in Fig. 5 I employ a rubber tubing 19, within which I arrangea spiral spring 20, the tubing being after the spring has been introduced packed with fibrous material 21, and this form of cushion may be employed Where it is desired to dispense with the inflation of the cushion with compressed air, this cushion being secured to the concavo-convex metallic sections 11 11 in the same manner as the airinflated cushion shown in Fig. 4.
Having described my invention, I claim 1. In a fender for cars, the combination with a supporting-frame composed of sets of parallel bars and sets of converging bars, of concavo-convex metallic sections carried on the ends of said bars, and elastic tubing secured to said concavo-convex sections, substantially as described.
2. In a car-fender, the combination of a lower frame composed of horizontally-disposed parallel bars, an upper frame composed of horizontally-arranged converging bars, airinflated cushions arranged on the ends of both frames, a cushion attached to the car-platform, and converging cushions extend in g from the platform to the outer end of the upper frame.
In testimony whereof I aiiix my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
LEO M. SNYDER.
US20110104A 1904-04-01 1904-04-01 Car-fender. Expired - Lifetime US761421A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US20110104A US761421A (en) 1904-04-01 1904-04-01 Car-fender.

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US20110104A US761421A (en) 1904-04-01 1904-04-01 Car-fender.

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3203722A (en) * 1963-01-23 1965-08-31 Zahorodny Theodore Pneumatic buffers for motor vehicles
US3992047A (en) * 1973-10-17 1976-11-16 Daimler-Benz Aktiengesellschaft Motor actuated shiftable supplemental bumper
US6619491B2 (en) * 1999-03-12 2003-09-16 Thomas S. Payne Collision attenuator
US20040020888A1 (en) * 1999-03-12 2004-02-05 Payne Thomas S. Collision attenuating system
US6814246B2 (en) 1999-03-12 2004-11-09 Payne Thomas S Collision attenuating system
ES2544603A1 (en) * 2015-02-26 2015-09-01 Miguel Ángel Martínez Fernández Antiatropello system on railways (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3203722A (en) * 1963-01-23 1965-08-31 Zahorodny Theodore Pneumatic buffers for motor vehicles
US3992047A (en) * 1973-10-17 1976-11-16 Daimler-Benz Aktiengesellschaft Motor actuated shiftable supplemental bumper
US6619491B2 (en) * 1999-03-12 2003-09-16 Thomas S. Payne Collision attenuator
US20040020888A1 (en) * 1999-03-12 2004-02-05 Payne Thomas S. Collision attenuating system
US6814246B2 (en) 1999-03-12 2004-11-09 Payne Thomas S Collision attenuating system
US6845874B2 (en) 1999-03-12 2005-01-25 Thomas S. Payne Collision attenuating system
ES2544603A1 (en) * 2015-02-26 2015-09-01 Miguel Ángel Martínez Fernández Antiatropello system on railways (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)

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