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Method of making floor-boards.

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Publication number
US753791A
US753791A US1903170758A US753791A US 753791 A US753791 A US 753791A US 1903170758 A US1903170758 A US 1903170758A US 753791 A US753791 A US 753791A
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boards
sections
floor
end
same
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Elisha J Fulghum
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Elisha J Fulghum
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/04Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements only of wood or with a top layer of wood, e.g. with wooden or metal connecting members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0123Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels parallel to the abutting edges

Description

PATENTED MAR. l, 1904.

E. J. FULGHUM.

METHOD OF MAKING FLOOR BOARDS.

APPLICATION FILED AUG. 25. 1903.

N0 MODEL.

WW1/wwe@ UN'ITEDl-STATES Patented March 1, 1904.

PATENT OFFICE.

ELIsHA J; FULGHUM, or rRAvERsE CITI/r,l MICHIGAN.

IVIETHODA AOF MAKING FLOOR-BOARDS.

SPECIFICATION forming page Letters Patent No. 753,791, dated March 1, 1904.

' Application iled August '25, 1903.' Serial No. 170,758. (No model.)

To @ZZ whom t may concern: Be it known that I, ELIsIIA J. FULGHUM, a citizen of the United States, residing at Traverse City, in the county of Grand Traverse and State of Michigan, have inventedfa Method of Making Floor-Boards, of which the following is a specifi-cation. I

This invention relates to yan improved method of producing Hoor-boards.

'It has been for some time and is nowfcustomary to unite the ends of floor-boards when laid by matching the same .together at the ends with the usual plain tongue and groove, the same as usedA on the sides'of the boards. It has been claimed that this method of end matching has to a certain extent been a saving in material, thereby enabling the manufacturer tov use short pieces that would otherwise be wasted. This, however, is erroneous, for the reason that long prior to the practice of the end matching these short pieces of Hooring were used with the ends square butted to the same extreme shortness as they are now used with matched ends. The lengths of commercial hard-wood flooring as listed and'sold by all manufacturers to-day is from two feet to sixteen feet, and it has been the practice of builders to lay flooring from two feet to sixteen feet long directly on joists or on a subfloor, as the specifications of the particular case might require. After taking out the commercial product of the lumber for iooring purposes, as is now customary, there is still a large percentage of waste (at least from ten to fifteen per cent.) which cannot be utilized by the old method of end matching, as pieces of floor-boards shorter than two feet have no commercial value on the market and must therefore go to waste. The commercial value of floor-boards depends upon the lengths, the short lengths being very undesirable and bringing a much lower price on the market. By my present invention I purpose to obviate this loss by short lengths, to save all the good material there is in the lumber, which would be about fifteen per cent. more than at present, and to produce the lengths of iiooringdesired by the consumer. I purpose to Ejoin these short pieces of floor-boards together by end matching, so as to resist longitudinal strain in one continuous desiredl length while it is in process of manufacture in the factory. This process 'does not only apply to the joining to-v gether of promiscuous lengths or pieces from two to sixteen feet comprising the regular grades of commercial ooring, but also I purpose to join together in long strips of iooring short blocks from two inches to two feet long which may be taken from scrap or waste, and thereby arrange vthese short blocks in fancy patterns, lwhich may be of different woods and colors, and thereby-enable me to 'get as good compensation for mywastematerial as for the commercial product.

To secure'the foregoingadvantages and obviate the enumerated diiiicultiesare therefore the main objects of my invention; and theinvention consists in the method of producing floor-boards of a desired length and composed of a'plurality of sections, each section being first end matched by interlocking joint mem- ,Y

bers adapted to withstand when joined' longitudinal strain; second, connecting or joining said sections soas` to form a continuous board or strip; third, subsequently when required dressing the board to reduce the same to a uniform thickness, andffinally, tonguing and grooving the sides thereof.

Referring to the drawings, Figure 1 is an edge View of a board made in accordance with my method, and Fig. 2 is a plan view thereof. Fig. 3 is an edge view of the board after the sections have been end matchedand joined and before dressing and side matching. Fig. 4 is a perspective view showing the meeting ends of two adjacent sections before the same are joined. Fig. 5 is a plan view of the board at the joint, parts being broken away to expose the same.

Similar numerals of reference indicate similar parts in all the figures of the drawings.

' Sections l, of wood of any kind and number, are iirst end matched, each being provided with a member of any desired form of interlocking joint, by which is, primarily meant one that will when joined or connected resist longitudinal 'stress and not pull apart. As will be obvious, one end Iof a section will be formed with a male member 2 and the other with a companion or female member 3. A

IOO

plurality of the sections thus formed are jointed together, thus for all practical purposes becoming a single board. Strips thus formed are when it is necessary by reason of ununiform thickness of the sections dressed to a uniform thickness and finally side matchedthat is, provided with the usual tongue and groove 8 and 9. When thus completed, the long boards may be cut into uniform lengths desired, thus escaping waste by fitting, &c. Of course the'end matching of the sections obviates the necessity of arranging the joints so as to occur over the lioor-joists, and by having the joints of the interlocking style there is no yield or give, as might be the case with the plain tongue and groove. When the strips are thus jointed together, the board may be handled the same as if integral, yet at the same time no gluing is necessary or desirable.

While other forms of joints adapted to withstand or resist longitudinal strain may be used,

the `one shown is preferred, `both on account 1; of its cheapness and simplicity and also its extreme rigidity.

Referring to Figs. 4 and 5, it will be seen that the joint member 2 (the male) consists of j, a transverse preferably cylindrical bead 4 and aconnecting intermediate web 5, joining the f same tothe-end of the board. The joint member 3 (the female) consists of a transverse bor`e,}6,;designedfrto receive the bead 4 and a narrow slot or throat 7 for the web.

,rllllese` members may `be connected and the 'VLj'jijritformed by sliding them laterally tol, lie'said'members be forced into a mutually Oe'ther, It is preferred that when thus joined bindingpositi'on. j This may be provided for fin various ways,ybut preferably, as shown in Fig.,5,r by Adisposing thelvbore 6 and bead 4 slightly at an angleto each other, and therefore the sections on which they are formed. This difference in dispositionv is barely perceptiblefand yet ,has the desired, result of drawing the sections tightly and firmly together at their joints.

By using sections of woodof different kinds a mosaic e'ect may be produced.

Having described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, isw

1. The herein-described method of producl ing composite floor-boards, which consists in providing the ends of a plurality of sections with companion members of an interlocking ing floor-boards which consists in connecting a plurality of floor-board sections by means of an interlocking joint adapted toresist longitudinal strain, and .submitting the strip thus formed to a finishing process.

4. The herein-described method of producing Hoor-boards, which consists in end matching and connecting a plurality of short sections by means of an interlocking joint adapted to resistlongitudinal strain, subsequently finishing the same, and finally cutting into predetermined lengths.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two sub scribing witnesses.

L. Roscon, J. A. McINTosH.

US753791A 1903-08-25 1903-08-25 Method of making floor-boards. Expired - Lifetime US753791A (en)

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US5117603A (en) * 1990-11-26 1992-06-02 Weintraub Fred I Floorboards having patterned joint spacing and method
US6006486A (en) * 1996-06-11 1999-12-28 Unilin Beheer Bv, Besloten Vennootschap Floor panel with edge connectors
US6023907A (en) * 1993-05-10 2000-02-15 Valinge Aluminium Ab Method for joining building boards
EP1195477A2 (en) * 2000-10-09 2002-04-10 Skema S.r.l. Cladding element, particularly for wood-block flooring
US20020178682A1 (en) * 1993-05-10 2002-12-05 Tony Pervan System for joining building panels
US6497079B1 (en) 2000-03-07 2002-12-24 E.F.P. Floor Products Gmbh Mechanical panel connection
US6510665B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2003-01-28 Valinge Aluminum Ab Locking system for mechanical joining of floorboards and method for production thereof
US6526719B2 (en) 2000-03-07 2003-03-04 E.F.P. Floor Products Gmbh Mechanical panel connection
US6532709B2 (en) 1998-06-03 2003-03-18 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking system and flooring board
US20030101674A1 (en) * 2001-09-20 2003-06-05 Darko Pervan Flooring and method for laying and manufacturing the same
US6588166B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2003-07-08 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US6606834B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2003-08-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US20030196405A1 (en) * 1994-04-29 2003-10-23 Tony Pervan System for joining building panels
US6647689B2 (en) 2002-02-18 2003-11-18 E.F.P. Floor Products Gmbh Panel, particularly a flooring panel
US20030233809A1 (en) * 2002-04-15 2003-12-25 Darko Pervan Floorboards for floating floors
US20040016196A1 (en) * 2002-04-15 2004-01-29 Darko Pervan Mechanical locking system for floating floor
US20040035077A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2004-02-26 Goran Martensson Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US6715253B2 (en) 2000-04-10 2004-04-06 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking system for floorboards
US20040123547A1 (en) * 2002-11-12 2004-07-01 Thomas Grafenauer Floor panel
US20040123542A1 (en) * 2002-11-12 2004-07-01 Thomas Grafenauer Wood fiberboard, in particular floor panel
US20040128934A1 (en) * 2002-11-15 2004-07-08 Hendrik Hecht Floor panel and method of laying a floor panel
EP1437456A1 (en) 2003-01-09 2004-07-14 Flooring Industries Ltd. Floor covering, floor panel and set of floor panels for forming such floor covering, and methods for packaging and manufacturing such floor panels
US20040139678A1 (en) * 2002-04-22 2004-07-22 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboards, flooring systems and methods for manufacturing and installation thereof
US6769217B2 (en) 1999-11-08 2004-08-03 Premark Rwp Holdings, Inc. Interconnecting disengageable flooring system
US6769218B2 (en) 2001-01-12 2004-08-03 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboard and locking system therefor
US20040177584A1 (en) * 2003-03-06 2004-09-16 Valinge Aluminium Ab Flooring and method for installation and manufacturing thereof
US20040206036A1 (en) * 2003-02-24 2004-10-21 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboard and method for manufacturing thereof
US20040211143A1 (en) * 2001-08-10 2004-10-28 Hans-Jurgen Hanning Panel and fastening system for such a panel
US6823638B2 (en) * 2001-06-27 2004-11-30 Pergo (Europe) Ab High friction joint, and interlocking joints for forming a generally planar surface, and method of assembling the same
US20040244325A1 (en) * 1999-11-08 2004-12-09 Nelson Thomas J. Laminate flooring
US6851241B2 (en) 2001-01-12 2005-02-08 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboards and methods for production and installation thereof
US6863768B2 (en) 1999-11-08 2005-03-08 Premark Rwp Holdings Inc. Water resistant edge of laminate flooring
US20050076598A1 (en) * 2003-10-11 2005-04-14 Matthias Lewark Panel, in particular floor panel
US6880305B2 (en) 1995-05-17 2005-04-19 Valinge Aluminium Ab Metal strip for interlocking floorboard and a floorboard using same
US20050089644A1 (en) * 2003-09-06 2005-04-28 Frank Oldorff Method for sealing a building panel
US20050097860A1 (en) * 1999-07-05 2005-05-12 Goran Martensson Floor element with guiding means
US20050102937A1 (en) * 1998-06-03 2005-05-19 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking System And Flooring Board
US20050138881A1 (en) * 2003-03-06 2005-06-30 Darko Pervan Flooring systems and methods for installation
US20050144878A1 (en) * 2003-12-17 2005-07-07 Thomas Grafenauer Building board for use in subfloors
US20050160694A1 (en) * 2002-04-03 2005-07-28 Valinge Aluminium Mechanical locking system for floorboards
US20050166514A1 (en) * 2004-01-13 2005-08-04 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floor covering and locking systems
US20050193677A1 (en) * 2004-03-08 2005-09-08 Kronotec Ag. Wooden material board, in particular flooring panel
US20050208255A1 (en) * 2002-04-08 2005-09-22 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboards for floorings
US20050205161A1 (en) * 2004-01-30 2005-09-22 Matthias Lewark Method for bringing in a strip forming a spring of a board
US20050214537A1 (en) * 2004-03-11 2005-09-29 Kronotex Gmbh & Co., Kg. Insulation board made of a mixture of wood base material and binding fibers
US20050210810A1 (en) * 2003-12-02 2005-09-29 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboard, system and method for forming a flooring, and a flooring formed thereof
US20060048474A1 (en) * 2002-03-20 2006-03-09 Darko Pervan Floorboards with decorative grooves
US20060073320A1 (en) * 2004-10-05 2006-04-06 Valinge Aluminium Ab Appliance And Method For Surface Treatment Of A Board Shaped Material And Floorboard
US20060101769A1 (en) * 2004-10-22 2006-05-18 Valinge Aluminium Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US20060182938A1 (en) * 2003-03-06 2006-08-17 Flooring Technologies Ltd., Process for finishing a wooden board and wooden board produced by the process
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US20060196139A1 (en) * 2001-09-20 2006-09-07 Valinge Innovation Ab, Apelvagen 2 Flooring And Method For Laying And Manufacturing The Same
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US20020178682A1 (en) * 1993-05-10 2002-12-05 Tony Pervan System for joining building panels
US6023907A (en) * 1993-05-10 2000-02-15 Valinge Aluminium Ab Method for joining building boards
US6182410B1 (en) 1993-05-10 2001-02-06 Välinge Aluminium AB System for joining building boards
US6324803B1 (en) 1993-05-10 2001-12-04 VäLINGE ALUMINUM AB System for joining building boards
US7823359B2 (en) 1993-05-10 2010-11-02 Valinge Innovation Ab Floor panel with a tongue, groove and a strip
US20060283127A1 (en) * 1993-05-10 2006-12-21 Valinge Innovation Ab Floor panel with a tongue, groove and a strip
US7775007B2 (en) 1993-05-10 2010-08-17 Valinge Innovation Ab System for joining building panels
US20020178673A1 (en) * 1993-05-10 2002-12-05 Tony Pervan System for joining building panels
US20050166502A1 (en) * 1993-05-10 2005-08-04 Valinge Aluminium Ab. Metal strip for interlocking floorboard and a floorboard using same
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US20090038253A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2009-02-12 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
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