US1078776A - Flooring. - Google Patents

Flooring. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1078776A
US1078776A US1912668805A US1078776A US 1078776 A US1078776 A US 1078776A US 1912668805 A US1912668805 A US 1912668805A US 1078776 A US1078776 A US 1078776A
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United States
Prior art keywords
blocks
strips
flooring
veneer
form
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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John C Dunton
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John C Dunton
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Priority to US1912668805 priority Critical patent/US1078776A/en
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/04Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements only of wood or with a top layer of wood, e.g. with wooden or metal connecting members
    • E04F15/047Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements only of wood or with a top layer of wood, e.g. with wooden or metal connecting members with a butcher-block like top surface
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27DWORKING VENEER OR PLYWOOD
    • B27D1/00Joining wood veneer with any material; Forming articles thereby; Preparatory processing of surfaces to be joined, e.g. scoring
    • B27D1/04Joining wood veneer with any material; Forming articles thereby; Preparatory processing of surfaces to be joined, e.g. scoring to produce plywood or articles made therefrom; Plywood sheets
    • B27D1/06Manufacture of central layers; Form of central layers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27MWORKING OF WOOD NOT PROVIDED FOR IN SUBCLASSES B27B - B27L; MANUFACTURE OF SPECIFIC WOODEN ARTICLES
    • B27M3/00Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles
    • B27M3/0013Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles of composite or compound articles
    • B27M3/0026Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles of composite or compound articles characterised by oblong elements connected laterally
    • B27M3/0053Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles of composite or compound articles characterised by oblong elements connected laterally using glue
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27MWORKING OF WOOD NOT PROVIDED FOR IN SUBCLASSES B27B - B27L; MANUFACTURE OF SPECIFIC WOODEN ARTICLES
    • B27M3/00Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles
    • B27M3/04Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles of flooring elements, e.g. parqueting blocks
    • B27M3/06Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles of flooring elements, e.g. parqueting blocks of composite floor plates per se by assembling or jointing the parqueting blocks
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/04Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements only of wood or with a top layer of wood, e.g. with wooden or metal connecting members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/03Undercut connections, e.g. using undercut tongues or grooves
    • E04F2201/035Dovetail connections

Description

J. 0. DUNTON.

FLOORING.

APPLICATION :FILED JAN.2, 1912.

Patented NOV. 18, 1913.

SHEET l.

2 SHEETS- ff.' f

i IA' M:

.1, C. DUNTON.

FLOORING.

APPLICATION FILED JAN.2,1912,

Patented NOV. 18, 1913.

2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

CTL

JOJINC. DUNTOJT, OF GRAND RAPILDS,l MICHIGAN.

FLOORING.

Specification of Letters Yatent.

Patented Nov. 18,1913.

Application ted January 2, 1912. Serial No. 668,805.

To 7l Iwho/n 'it may concern:

Be it known that I, JOHN C. DUN'roN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Grand Rapids, Michigan, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Flooring, of which the following is a specitica-- tion.

This invention relates to flooring.

The objects of this invention are to provide an improved construction of wood flooring in which the end grain of the wood is eftectively presented, and the small blocks or sections -arc securely joined together and presented in pleasing form or design, and liability of distortion or warping is overcome.

Objects relating to details and economies of construction will definitely appear from the detailed description to follow.

Preferred embodiments of my invention are illustrated in the accompanying drawing, forming a part of this specification, in which:

Figure I is a section of flooring as made up embodying the features of my invention in its simplest form, four of thesquares being here joined. Fig. II is a detail view of the assembling of the planks or boards constituting one step of the process ot' producing my improved iooring. Fig. III in dicates the method of slicing the sections from the end, which may be the next step of the process in its simplest form. Fig. IV shows an additional step of the process in which the end sections are sliced into strips. Fig. V shows the next step ofthe process in which tapered dovetail tongues and grooves are formed on the block sections, the position of alternate strips being end for end when compared with the strip improvements in as -cut ott. Fig. VI shows one of the complete squares made up ofthe blocks constituting a single square section of my im*` proved flooring. Fig. VII is a detail cross section view, showing the metal tongue and the method of tonguing and grooving between the finished squares. Fig. VIII is a modified assembling ot' planks or boards and veneers showing a more complex form of my invention, in which special designs are produced. Fig. IX is a detail view of this complex structure sliced off lengthwise the grain with veneers applied to the sides of the sliced oit section, and the strip of blocks cut from the end thereof. Fig. X shows a detail section of the fioorng in this more complex form, showing the way in which the tongues and grooves are there formed.

In the drawings, similar numerals of reference refer to similar parts throughouitl the several views.

In Fig. I, I show a general View of a section of oor as formed according to my invention, the section there shown being made up of four complete squares. These squares are made up of blocks in suoli form that the ends of the grain of the wood are exposed to view and wear and warping and distortion is avoided. I accomplish this by forming the wood into strips made up of a series of blocks 2, and half blocks 8, see particularly Fig. I, glued or joined together. This is accomplished by piling a number of boards or planks 5-5 and a hoard or plank G of halt the thickness on top of each other and forming glued joints between the same. The board of halt the thickness may be either at the top or bottom. lVhen this is done in the simplest form of my invention, I cut ott a slice with a cross cut saw on the line 7, producing blocks like those appearing in Fig. III, and rip sawing on the lines S, see Fig. III, forming the same into a series of strips as seen in Fig. IV. lVhen these strips are thus formed, I form dovetailed tongues and grooves on the opposite'sides thereof, see particularly Fig. V, on a'Linderman dovetailing machine, the said dovetailed tongue 9 being tapered and the corresponding dovetail groove 10 being similarly formed and tapered on the opposite side. I .reverse the position of each alternate strip of block so that in adjacent strips the half blocks 3 will be at opposite ends of the strips and the joints between the blocks will be broken between the adjacent si ri s. This disposes the blocks so that the ten encies of the blocks to warp react the one against the other, thus insuring a tlateven tioor. Around the outside of a square or block that is thus assembled, I insert a' metal tongue 4I in a suitable narrow groove 4', which joins these sections together. The relation ot these parts and their grooving is indicated in Figs. VI and VII. j

In the structures of Figs. VIII, IX and X, I show the method otproducing fancy designs by variegated colors of the wood. In joining the lumber for this complex form, I intersperse layers of veneer these blocks I slice again by .3', as seen in Fig. VIII. I then slice the same lengthwise, as indicated in Fig. VIII, and on the tace of these slabs I aply an additional layer of veneer'l 13, see Fig'. IX. I then cross cut the `strips of blocks from the ends of the slab. The layer of veneer 13 is applied jon the side of the block on which the dovetailed groove 15 of the stri will be formed. A dovetailed tongueli 1s formed on the opposite side of the block onwhich there is no`veneer', and the groove 15 is of such depth as to reach through the veneer into the block beyond.`

The relation of these parts appears very clearly `in Fig. X. When the structure is assembled, it will be observed that the parts are very securely retained together by the dovetailed tongue and groove structure, and that all joints are broken and each of the smaller blocks is outlined by the material, the veneer, which may be of different color or character, producing a very pleasing effeet in the completed design, where the parts are firmly locked as Well as glued together. In either Astyle of Hoor, it is probably best to out the built-up timber lengthwise into slabs in the first instance.

. It is best to form this iiooring into composite squares to be assembled together.

blocks with the grain vertical and with the ,end grain exposed, the said blocks being The same, however, need not be put into this form, but the work of laying the same is greatly facilitated thereby.

From the description I have given, it will be observed that this flooring is capable of very great variations in designs, the same producing a very etfectivetloor in which all parts are securely joined. It will be possible to utilize waste ieces 7for this purpose, although the pro uction of the flooring is so economical that any ,lumber can be very readily and protably used. The availability of the invention, however, for utilizing waste pieces is very apparent because the end grain is utilized, and is of a good deal of advantage where the plant is engaged in a manufacture which occasions considerable waste.

Having thus described my invention,

what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. YA floor construction made up of wood blocks with the grain vertical, and with the end grain ex osed, the said blocks being disposed and joined together in strips with layers of veneer therebetween, the

strips being coupl'd together by tapered blocks with the gra-in vertical and with the end grain exposed, the said blocks being disposed 'and joined together in stripswith layers of veneer therebetween, the Strips being coupled together by dovetailed longitudinal tongue and groove joints, and with a layer of veneer on the grooved side of the strips through which said groove is formed and which is divided thereby, the joints between the blocks on the adjacent strips being broken to join the parts se' curely and overcome distortion, as specified. 3. A` floor construction made up of wood disposed and joined together in strips, the strips being coupled together by tapered dovetailed longitudinal tongue`and groove joints, the joints between the blocks on the ladjacent strips being broken to join the parts securely and overcome distortion, the position of the blocks being retainedvby the wedging of the tapering o the dovetail, as

specified.

In witness whereof, .I have hereunto set Vmy hand and seal in the presence of two witnesses.

JOHN C. DUNTQN. [Ls] Witnesses:

FRED R. JEAN, J. C. FERRY.

US1912668805 1912-01-02 1912-01-02 Flooring. Expired - Lifetime US1078776A (en)

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Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2565952A (en) * 1948-07-26 1951-08-28 Curran Method of applying edge veneers to the edges of panels
US2572772A (en) * 1950-04-25 1951-10-23 Per F Skoog Method of producing composite boards
US2573465A (en) * 1945-12-22 1951-10-30 Lundberg Axel Eugen Method of producing wooden boards secured against warping
US2589316A (en) * 1947-11-12 1952-03-18 Bell Aircraft Corp Method of manufacturing a set of matched rotor blades
US2663661A (en) * 1951-10-08 1953-12-22 Clarence U Gramelspacher Method of making plywood from wood waste and product resulting therefrom
US2732597A (en) * 1943-06-23 1956-01-31 Contratto
US3192574A (en) * 1962-10-22 1965-07-06 Admiral Chair Company Temporary floor construction
US3262239A (en) * 1962-08-27 1966-07-26 Thomas W Mills Laminated wood building unit
US6428871B1 (en) 2000-05-05 2002-08-06 Michael Cozzolino Method of manufacturing decorative wood products from engineered wood products
US6709733B2 (en) 2001-12-20 2004-03-23 William Robert Krenik Laminated wood panel
US7328536B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2008-02-12 Unilin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
EP2055455A1 (en) * 2007-10-31 2009-05-06 hülsta-werke Hüls GmbH & Co. KG Method for manufacturing lamellae for floors
US20100107554A1 (en) * 2007-11-03 2010-05-06 Hans Hundegger Roof, ceiling or wall element
US8389056B1 (en) 2009-05-28 2013-03-05 COR Engineered Woods LLC Decorative engineered bamboo products and method of manufacturing
US8627631B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-01-14 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9255414B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-02-09 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9464443B2 (en) 1998-10-06 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material comprising flooring elements which are assembled by means of separate flooring elements
US9464444B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US9593491B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2017-03-14 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels

Cited By (81)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2732597A (en) * 1943-06-23 1956-01-31 Contratto
US2573465A (en) * 1945-12-22 1951-10-30 Lundberg Axel Eugen Method of producing wooden boards secured against warping
US2589316A (en) * 1947-11-12 1952-03-18 Bell Aircraft Corp Method of manufacturing a set of matched rotor blades
US2565952A (en) * 1948-07-26 1951-08-28 Curran Method of applying edge veneers to the edges of panels
US2572772A (en) * 1950-04-25 1951-10-23 Per F Skoog Method of producing composite boards
US2663661A (en) * 1951-10-08 1953-12-22 Clarence U Gramelspacher Method of making plywood from wood waste and product resulting therefrom
US3262239A (en) * 1962-08-27 1966-07-26 Thomas W Mills Laminated wood building unit
US3192574A (en) * 1962-10-22 1965-07-06 Admiral Chair Company Temporary floor construction
US8166723B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2012-05-01 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US8997429B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2015-04-07 Unilin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US9290951B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2016-03-22 Unilin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US7467499B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2008-12-23 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US8789334B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2014-07-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7617645B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-11-17 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7621094B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-11-24 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7634886B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-12-22 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7634887B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-12-22 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7637067B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-12-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7637066B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-12-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7640708B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-05 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7644555B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-12 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7647743B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-19 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Method of making floor panels with edge connectors
US7647741B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-19 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7650727B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-26 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7650728B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-26 UNILIN BEHEER BV besloten vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7654054B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-02 Uniliin Beheer B.V. besloten vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7658048B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-09 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7665267B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-23 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7665268B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-23 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7665265B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-23 Unlin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US7665266B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-23 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7669376B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-02 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7669377B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-02 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7673431B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-09 Unilin Beheer B.V. besloten, vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7677008B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-16 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7681371B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-23 Unilin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US7698869B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-04-20 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7698868B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-04-20 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7707793B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-05-04 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US8365494B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2013-02-05 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7712280B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-05-11 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7726089B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-06-01 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7735288B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-06-15 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7757453B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-07-20 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7770350B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-08-10 Unilin Beheer B. V., besloten vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7810297B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-10-12 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7827754B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-11-09 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7827755B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-11-09 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7328536B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2008-02-12 Unilin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US9464443B2 (en) 1998-10-06 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material comprising flooring elements which are assembled by means of separate flooring elements
US9677285B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2017-06-13 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US10156078B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2018-12-18 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US10233653B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2019-03-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material
US9255414B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-02-09 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9316006B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-04-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9260869B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-02-16 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9611656B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2017-04-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9534397B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2017-01-03 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material
US6428871B1 (en) 2000-05-05 2002-08-06 Michael Cozzolino Method of manufacturing decorative wood products from engineered wood products
US8631625B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-01-21 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9624676B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2017-04-18 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8793958B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-08-05 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9234356B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-01-12 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9856657B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2018-01-02 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9334657B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-05-10 Flooring Industries Limted, Sarl Floor covering
US9068356B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2015-06-30 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9388585B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-07-12 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9388586B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-07-12 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9394699B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-07-19 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8627631B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-01-14 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US10125498B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2018-11-13 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9482013B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-11-01 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8904729B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-12-09 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9376823B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-06-28 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US6709733B2 (en) 2001-12-20 2004-03-23 William Robert Krenik Laminated wood panel
EP2055455A1 (en) * 2007-10-31 2009-05-06 hülsta-werke Hüls GmbH & Co. KG Method for manufacturing lamellae for floors
US7908808B2 (en) * 2007-11-03 2011-03-22 Hans Hundegger Roof, ceiling or wall element
US20100107554A1 (en) * 2007-11-03 2010-05-06 Hans Hundegger Roof, ceiling or wall element
US8389056B1 (en) 2009-05-28 2013-03-05 COR Engineered Woods LLC Decorative engineered bamboo products and method of manufacturing
US9464444B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US9593491B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2017-03-14 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels

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