US753589A - No model - Google Patents

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US753589A
US753589A US753589DA US753589A US 753589 A US753589 A US 753589A US 753589D A US753589D A US 753589DA US 753589 A US753589 A US 753589A
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burner
fuel
pipe
supply
tube
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D11/00Burners using a direct spraying action of liquid droplets or vaporised liquid into the combustion space
    • F23D11/36Details, e.g. burner cooling means, noise reduction means
    • F23D11/44Preheating devices; Vaporising devices

Definitions

  • FIGS. 1 A first figure.
  • the object of our invention' is to provide means for readily heating and vaporizing the fuel-supply for the main burner prior-to igniting the main burner or, in other words, provide a simple and eflicient means for quickly rendering the fuel-supply used at the 1 main burner effective.
  • a further object ofour invention is to provide a vaporizing meansfor the fuel-supply which will not be affected by-movingair-currents in the vicinity of the vehicle.
  • Figure 1 is a vertical section through a seat of a motor-vehicle and through the boiler and burner located in a chamber or cavity under the seat, also showing in'elevation the fuelsupply pipe, the primary and secondary vaporizingdevices and their relation to such pipe.
  • Fig. 2 isavertical section taken through the seat of a motor'vehicle and also showing in elevation and partial section the fuel-supply pipe, the primary and secondary vaporizing devices, and a device for-controlling the fuelfed to the main burner.
  • Fig. 3 is a horizontal sectionthrough the seat of a motorvehicle and plan view of top of boiler, fuelpipe, primary and secondary vaporizing devices, &c.
  • Fig. 4 is a view taken on the line X X of Fig. 1.
  • 5 indicates the seat of a motor-vehicle.
  • a vertical-tube boiler 7 Located under the seat in a cavity or chamber 6, which is suitably lined and lagged, is a vertical-tube boiler 7, and under the boiler a burner 8.
  • the boiler and burner may be of any construction.
  • fvhlilch forms a supplemental burner orpilot- 'ig t.
  • FIG. 13 indicates a fuel-supplypipe, which is assumed to be connectedto the usual type of fuel-tank, which is provided with means for putting the fuel under pressure.
  • This pipe is carriedintothe chamber 6,-then upward and then as a doubl'eloop-l in-the interior of the drum 11, and then out of the drum and downward toform a coil 15.
  • the lower end of the coil 15 is connected through a coupling 16 to a pipe 17, which is bent at right angles and projects as a jet or lIlJBClJOI" 18 into'the interior of the burner 8.
  • 20 isan automatic steam-valve for controlling the fuel-supply to'thejet 18.
  • the circular pipe 10, which forms the pi'lotlight, is connected to thecoupling 21, and'the ind-supply to this 'pipe' is controlled through thevalve22.
  • apipe 23 Connected to the coupling '16 is apipe 23, which at its lower end is connected to a vaporizing-burner 24.
  • the fuel-supply tothis burner is controlled through a valve
  • the vaporizing-burner consists of" a cupportion 26, fromwhich projects upward a burnertube 27-. "This tube hasair-openings in itssides 28. The upper orifice of the-tube 27 is situated immediately under the coil 15-01? the pipe 13.
  • the primary vaporizing-burner 24 in all respects corresponds to what is known in the art as a plumbers torch "-tha't-is to" say, a hydrocarbon-burner -provided with means forprimarily heating the tube-portion of the burner and, secondarily, causing air to combine with the vaporized fuel before being burned at the mouth of the tube, the general objectof whicharrangement is to provide a burner which will generate a powerful flame at the mouth of the burner- 5. e.', a flame having a large heating capacityand which will be emitted with sufficient force (the supply of fuel being under pressure) not to be effected by Wind currents in the vicinity of such burner.
  • the portion of the fuel-supply pipe 13 is located in the chamber 6 and between the boiler and the outer wall of the chamber, and therefore that this portion of the fuel-pipe may be considered to be cased or housed external to the burner, and, further, that the whole of the fuel-pipe which is within the casing 0r chamber 6 is protected by the chamber and will be kept warm by the heated air within the chamber.
  • the top of the vaporizingburner 24 is arranged approximately on a level with the bottom of the casing or chamber 6 and is design ed to deliver its flame into the chamber and upon and around the bent portion 15 of the pipe 13.
  • the operation of our device is as follows: The valve 25 is first opened. This allows a small portion of fuel to flow into the cup 26 of the primary vaporizing-burner 24:. The valve 25 is then closed and the fuel in the cup ignited. The ignition of the fuel serves to heat the tube 27 After this tube has been heated the valve 25 is again opened and the fuel at the mouth of the tube ignited. The heat thus initially given the tube 27 by burning fuel in the cup 26 will serve to vaporize the fuel as it passes through the tube, and the movement of the fuel will draw air into the tube through the openings 28, with the result that the fuel will burn as a pure blue flame of great heating capacity and with great force. The heat from the tube 27 will highly heat the portion 15 of the pipe 13.
  • the valve 19 When this portion of the pipe 13 is sufliciently heated, the valve 19 is opened, which permits the vaporized fuel to pass into the main burner, accompanied by air through the injector-pipe 16.
  • the main burner 8 may then be lighted, at which time the primary vaporizing-burner 24 may be cut off by closing the valve 25.
  • the fuel-supply to the main burner will be controlled by the automatic valve 20.
  • the vaporization of the fuel will be effected by means of the heat from the steam in the secondary vaporizer or drum 9.
  • the valve 22, which controls the supply of fuel to the pilot-light 10 may be opened and this burner lighted.
  • the pilot-burner may always remain lighted. It will be observed that the pilot-burner is located within the combustionchamber of the burner between the burner and the boiler and will receive all the air used in combustion from within the chamber, which air when the main burner has once been lighted will be highly-heated air, the effect of which will be to produce blue flames at the burnerorifices of the circular tube which forms the pilot-burner. It will also be observed that the fuel fed to the pilot-burner is vaporized by the secondary vaporizer.
  • an inclosing casing In combination with a burner, an inclosing casing, a supplemental'casing external to the inclosing casing, afuel-supply pipe for the burner having a portion of its length located in the supplemental casing, a device for injecting air and gas connected to the supplypipe and feeding the main burner, and a device for burning air and gas connected to the supply-pipe and adapted to'heat the portion of the supply-pipe in the supplemental casing.

Description

No. 758,589. PATENTED MAR. 1, 1904.
. W. J. & G. LANE. v
MOTOR VEHICLE.
APPLICATION FILED FEB. 10, 1900.
NO MODEL. 2 SHEETS-BEBE?! 1.
I Y/// /A /////////)'///7D.
2 i /a iifff jifiii :0
fi INVENTOR BY [m EY L WITNESSES A'TTOR No. 753,589. 1 PATENTED MAR. 1,1904.
' W. J. & G. LANE.
MOTOR VEHICLE.
. APPLIQATION FILED FEB. 10, 1900. no MODEL. 2 snnnrs-snnnr 2.
FIGS.
llll/l l/l/l ////////////l UNITED STATES WILLIAM JAMES LANE Tatented March 1, 1904.
PATE T OFFICE.
AND GEORGE LANE, OF POUGHKEEPSIE,
' )BLN YQBK- IVIOLI'ORE-VE-HICLEA.
srEcIEIcA'rro forming partof Letters paten No, 7522,58 9;na atr mn f1, 1994.
-.Application.filed February 10,1900. Serial 1T0. 4,769- (No model.) t l To all whom,-
magenta/carp;
marily and secondarily vaporizing the fuel used in combustion prior to its-being fed to the burner.
The object of our invention'is to provide means for readily heating and vaporizing the fuel-supply for the main burner prior-to igniting the main burner or, in other words, provide a simple and eflicient means for quickly rendering the fuel-supply used at the 1 main burner effective.
A further object ofour invention is to provide a vaporizing meansfor the fuel-supply which will not be affected by-movingair-currents in the vicinity of the vehicle.-
The accompanying drawings will serve to illustrate our invention. I
Figure 1 is a vertical section through a seat of a motor-vehicle and through the boiler and burner located in a chamber or cavity under the seat, also showing in'elevation the fuelsupply pipe, the primary and secondary vaporizingdevices and their relation to such pipe. Fig. 2isavertical section taken through the seat of a motor'vehicle and also showing in elevation and partial section the fuel-supply pipe, the primary and secondary vaporizing devices, and a device for-controlling the fuelfed to the main burner. Fig. 3 is a horizontal sectionthrough the seat of a motorvehicle and plan view of top of boiler, fuelpipe, primary and secondary vaporizing devices, &c. Fig. 4 is a view taken on the line X X of Fig. 1.
In the drawings, 5 indicates the seat of a motor-vehicle. Located under the seat in a cavity or chamber 6, which is suitably lined and lagged, is a vertical-tube boiler 7, and under the boiler a burner 8. The boiler and burner may be of any construction. Situated 1 over thebu'rner and within the combustionchamber 9-is a perforated circular ring 10, fvhlilch forms a supplemental burner orpilot- 'ig t.
Located over the boileris -a'steamdrum 11, communicating'at 12 withthe interior ofthe boiler.
13 indicates a fuel-supplypipe, which is assumed to be connectedto the usual type of fuel-tank, which is provided with means for putting the fuel under pressure. This pipe is carriedintothe chamber 6,-then upward and then as a doubl'eloop-l in-the interior of the drum 11, and then out of the drum and downward toform a coil 15. The lower end of the coil 15 is connected through a coupling 16 to a pipe 17, which is bent at right angles and projects as a jet or lIlJBClJOI" 18 into'the interior of the burner 8.
19 indicates avalve for primarily controlling the fuel-supply to the jet 18.
20 isan automatic steam-valve for controlling the fuel-supply to'thejet 18.
The circular pipe 10, which forms the pi'lotlight, is connected to thecoupling 21, and'the ind-supply to this 'pipe' is controlled through thevalve22.
Connected to the coupling '16 is apipe 23, which at its lower end is connected to a vaporizing-burner 24. The fuel-supply tothis burneris controlled through a valve The vaporizing-burner consists of" a cupportion 26, fromwhich projects upward a burnertube 27-. "This tube hasair-openings in itssides 28. The upper orifice of the-tube 27 is situated immediately under the coil 15-01? the pipe 13. The primary vaporizing-burner 24 in all respects corresponds to what is known in the art as a plumbers torch "-tha't-is to" say, a hydrocarbon-burner -provided with means forprimarily heating the tube-portion of the burner and, secondarily, causing air to combine with the vaporized fuel before being burned at the mouth of the tube, the general objectof whicharrangement is to provide a burner which will generate a powerful flame at the mouth of the burner- 5. e.', a flame having a large heating capacityand which will be emitted with sufficient force (the supply of fuel being under pressure) not to be effected by Wind currents in the vicinity of such burner.
In the drawings it will be observed that the portion of the fuel-supply pipe 13 is located in the chamber 6 and between the boiler and the outer wall of the chamber, and therefore that this portion of the fuel-pipe may be considered to be cased or housed external to the burner, and, further, that the whole of the fuel-pipe which is within the casing 0r chamber 6 is protected by the chamber and will be kept warm by the heated air within the chamber. It will also be observed that the top of the vaporizingburner 24 is arranged approximately on a level with the bottom of the casing or chamber 6 and is design ed to deliver its flame into the chamber and upon and around the bent portion 15 of the pipe 13. By so locating theburner relative to the portion 15 of the pipe 13 the full flame of the burner will impinge upon such portion 15, and the flame, owing to the velocity at which it is driven out of the burner-tube, will not be effected in any wise by wind-currents in the vicinity of the burner or blowing across the bottom of the chamber 6, in which the portion 15 of the pipe 13 is placed.
We do not limit ourselves to the construction of the burner shown or its precise position as regards the chamber 6 so long as it is so constructed and located as not to be influenced by air-currents moving in the vicinity of the vehicle.
The operation of our device is as follows: The valve 25 is first opened. This allows a small portion of fuel to flow into the cup 26 of the primary vaporizing-burner 24:. The valve 25 is then closed and the fuel in the cup ignited. The ignition of the fuel serves to heat the tube 27 After this tube has been heated the valve 25 is again opened and the fuel at the mouth of the tube ignited. The heat thus initially given the tube 27 by burning fuel in the cup 26 will serve to vaporize the fuel as it passes through the tube, and the movement of the fuel will draw air into the tube through the openings 28, with the result that the fuel will burn as a pure blue flame of great heating capacity and with great force. The heat from the tube 27 will highly heat the portion 15 of the pipe 13. When this portion of the pipe 13 is sufliciently heated, the valve 19 is opened, which permits the vaporized fuel to pass into the main burner, accompanied by air through the injector-pipe 16. The main burner 8 may then be lighted, at which time the primary vaporizing-burner 24 may be cut off by closing the valve 25. After the main burner is lighted and steam is generated the fuel-supply to the main burner will be controlled by the automatic valve 20. After steam has been generated in the boiler the vaporization of the fuel will be effected by means of the heat from the steam in the secondary vaporizer or drum 9. When the vehicle is at rest and it is desired that there shall be but a small generation of steam, the valve 22, which controls the supply of fuel to the pilot-light 10, may be opened and this burner lighted. The pilot-burner may always remain lighted. It will be observed that the pilot-burner is located within the combustionchamber of the burner between the burner and the boiler and will receive all the air used in combustion from within the chamber, which air when the main burner has once been lighted will be highly-heated air, the effect of which will be to produce blue flames at the burnerorifices of the circular tube which forms the pilot-burner. It will also be observed that the fuel fed to the pilot-burner is vaporized by the secondary vaporizer.
We have described the secondary vaporizer or drum as located over the boiler. Manifestly it may be given any other position.
Having thus described our invention, we claim- 1. In combination with a burner, an inclosing casing therefor, a supplemental casing external to the inclosing casing, a fuel-supply pipe for the burner having a portion of its length located in the supplemental chamber, and a separate burner arranged to heat that portion of the supply-pipe in the supplemental chamber; said burner comprisinga cup to hold an inflammable fluid, a burner-tube extended upward from said cup, and provided with airopenings through which air may be brought in contact with the fuel vaporized in passing through said tube.
2. In combination with a burner, an inclosing casing therefor, a supplemental casing external to the inclosing casing, a pilot-burner in the inclosing casing, a'fuelsupply pipe for the burner having a portion of its length situated in the supplemental casing, and means for heating such portion of the fuel-supply pipe.
3. In combination with a burner, an inclosing casing, a supplemental'casing external to the inclosing casing, afuel-supply pipe for the burner having a portion of its length located in the supplemental casing, a device for injecting air and gas connected to the supplypipe and feeding the main burner, and a device for burning air and gas connected to the supply-pipe and adapted to'heat the portion of the supply-pipe in the supplemental casing.
In testimony whereof we affix our signatures in the presence of two witnesses.
WILLIAM JAMES LANE. GEORGE LANE.
Witnesses:
G. H. SHERMAN, E. M. MEEKS.
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