New! View global litigation for patent families

US7438126B2 - Apparatus for controlling a tool having a mandrel that must be stroked into or out of a well - Google Patents

Apparatus for controlling a tool having a mandrel that must be stroked into or out of a well Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US7438126B2
US7438126B2 US11789585 US78958507A US7438126B2 US 7438126 B2 US7438126 B2 US 7438126B2 US 11789585 US11789585 US 11789585 US 78958507 A US78958507 A US 78958507A US 7438126 B2 US7438126 B2 US 7438126B2
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
well
anchor
spool
apparatus
pressure
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
US11789585
Other versions
US20070193734A1 (en )
Inventor
L. Murray Dallas
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Oil States Energy Services LLC
Original Assignee
Stinger Wellhead Protection Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B33/00Sealing or packing boreholes or wells
    • E21B33/02Surface sealing or packing
    • E21B33/03Well heads; Setting-up thereof
    • E21B33/068Well heads; Setting-up thereof having provision for introducing objects or fluids into, or removing objects from, wells

Abstract

An apparatus for controlling vertical movement of a tubular within a wellhead includes an anchor spool connected atop the wellhead, and a detachable superstructure supporting the tubular. The anchor spool provides connectors for detachably connecting bottom ends of at least two piston cylinders of the detachable superstructure. The tubular may be a landing joint or a high-pressure mandrel of either a well stimulation tool, or a well isolation tool. The apparatus provides unobstructed access to a top end of the tubular. The anchor spool includes an elongated sidewall and an axial passage through which a tubing hanger can be reciprocated. The height of the sidewall permits the apparatus to be used for landing/removing a tubing string even if the anchor spool is mounted directly to a blowout preventer (BOP).

Description

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application is a Continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/727,806 filed Dec. 4, 2003, now U.S. Pat. No. 7,210,525 which claims priority to Canadian Application No. 2,421,348, filed on Mar. 7, 2003, the entire disclosure which is incorporated by reference herein.

MICROFICHE APPENDIX

Not Applicable.

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to equipment for servicing oil and gas wells and, in particular, to an apparatus for controlling a tool having a mandrel or other tubular that must be stroked into or out of a high-pressure well.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Most oil and gas wells eventually require some form of stimulation to enhance hydrocarbon flow in order to make or keep them economically viable. The servicing of oil and gas wells to stimulate production requires the pumping of fluids under high-pressure. The fluids are generally corrosive and abrasive because they are frequently laden with corrosive acids and abrasive propants such as sharp sand.

Wellheads are not designed to accommodate delivery of high-pressure, abrasive fluids into the well. Consequently, isolation tools in various forms and configurations have been invented to protect wellheads during well stimulation processes. As knowledge of well stimulation processes have developed, the importance of high delivery rates for successful and economic stimulation processes has been appreciated. Consequently, it is now Applicant's practice to run large bore mandrels through blowout preventers (BOPs) mounted to a well in order to enhance stimulation effects and reduce job time.

Because of the very nature of the stimulation process, most wells to be stimulated have relatively low natural pressure before the stimulation process commences. There are, however, exceptions which may require high-pressure wells to be stimulated for various reasons. In any event, once stimulated, the well may be under very high-pressure. The high-pressure may result from the use of energized stimulation fluids, well known in the art, or natural pressure developed as a result of opening up a high-pressure area of a production zone.

Consequently, situations exist in which the insertion of mandrels used to safely conduct high-pressure fluid through BOPs and other wellhead components or the removal of such mandrels from the wellhead requires mechanical control that cannot be provided by a service rig or a boom truck. For example, a well stimulated with energized fluid may overbear the weight of the mandrel with attached tools and tubing strings. In such situations, the well must be killed before a mandrel can be safely removed. As is well understood in the art, kill fluids are expensive and killing the well may reverse all or part of the beneficial effects of the stimulation process.

Methods and equipment have been devised for inserting these mandrels for protecting wellhead equipment under high-pressures. Examples of these are taught in U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,241,786, 4,867,243 and 6,470,965.

U.S. Pat. No. 4,241,786 issued to Bullen on Dec. 30, 1980, and is entitled WELL TREE SAVER. The apparatus includes a base flange connected to a pair of hydraulic cylinder pistons. Cylinder tops of the hydraulic cylinders are rigidly secured to the mandrel that is supported over top the well, so that motion of the cylinders relative to the pistons induces corresponding motion of the mandrel within the well. As will be evident to those skilled in the art, there is little space available for connecting a single high-pressure stimulation fluid supply line (i.e. a “frac” line) to a high-pressure valve that controls fluid passage through the mandrel, as the cylinders obstruct a substantial portion of a top end of the mandrel, where the high-pressure valve is located. This limited access becomes increasingly problematic when a rig is used parallel with, and proximate the well equipment, as the rig frequently obstructs a substantial part of the mandrel.

U.S. Pat. No. 4,867,243, entitled WELLHEAD ISOLATION TOOL AND SETTING AND METHOD OF USING SAME, which issued to Garner et al. on Sep. 19, 1989, teaches a method of using an apparatus having a single hydraulic cylinder for raising the mandrel from a well under pressure. While meritorious, this apparatus does not permit fluid access to the mandrel. Rather, the mandrel is stroked in, and the apparatus is removed, and then well stimulation equipment is mounted to the mandrel.

U.S. Pat. No. 6,470,965, entitled DEVICE FOR INTRODUCING A HIGH-PRESSURE FLUID INTO WELL HEAD COMPONENTS, issued on Oct. 29, 2002 to Winzer. The device includes two piston cylinders also close to the mandrel, with cylinders that extend above the mandrel top end, and accordingly provide limited access to fracturing lines.

Other devices are known for performing the insertion and removal of a casing mandrel within a well. For example the substitution of the hydraulic cylinders with respective screw jack assemblies is taught in U.S. Pat. No. 4,632,183, entitled INSERTION DRIVE SYSTEM FOR TREE SAVERS, which issued to McLeod on Dec. 30, 1986. The jack assemblies also extend above, and in parallel with, the casing mandrel, obstructing access by the fracturing lines and equipment.

A further problem with current mandrel insertion equipment is that it is a single-purpose device. In general, different equipment is required to lift and land a tubing string, and to perform other like operations (such as a rig or a boom truck, well known in the art). The expense of the single-purpose device makes a higher cost per use of mandrel insertion equipment, and increases the amount and cost of equipment required on-site. Further the alternating use of one lifting/setting device for one function, and then a second lifting/setting device for a next function requires installation and removal of the lifting/setting devices, which adds time and expense to wellhead servicing operations.

Consequently, there exists a need for an apparatus for controlling vertical motion of a tubular within a high-pressure well that provides unobstructed access to a top end of the tubular, and is adapted to permit rotation of the tubular, so that the apparatus can also be used for removing and landing a tubing string, etc.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

It is therefore an object of the invention to provide an apparatus for controlling vertical movement of a tubular within a high-pressure well.

It is a another object of the invention to provide an apparatus for controlling vertical movement of either a high-pressure mandrel used for wellhead isolation, a landing joint, or other tubulars, within a high-pressure well, so that the apparatus is adapted to perform a plurality of operations.

It is a further object of the invention to provide an apparatus for controlling vertical movement of a tubular within a high-pressure well while providing unobstructed access to a top end of the tubular.

The invention therefore provides an apparatus for controlling vertical movement of a tubular in a wellbore. The tubular may be a high-pressure mandrel of a well stimulation tool or a wellhead isolation tool, or may be a landing joint. The apparatus includes an anchor spool with a bottom flange for mounting to the top of the high-pressure well in a fluid-tight seal. A top end of the anchor spool supports a high-pressure packing that seals an annulus between the top end and the tubular, while permitting vertical and rotational motion of the tubular. The anchor spool provides an anchor plate having connectors for detachably securing bottom ends of at least two piston cylinders symmetrically disposed about the anchor spool. The piston cylinders are a part of a detachable superstructure, and a tool support structure that has an adapter stack bottom end for secure connection to the tubular. The tubular may be connected directly or via one of a swivel joint, a tool that includes the tubular, and an adapter connected directly or indirectly to the tubular. Accordingly, activation of the piston cylinders causes vertical motion of the tubular within the high-pressure well.

The anchor spool preferably includes an elongated sidewall between the bottom flange and the top end. The elongated sidewall defines a passageway through the anchor spool having a diameter large enough to receive a tubing hanger. The apparatus can therefore be used to remove or land a tubing hanger in a tubing head spool.

The tool support structure includes a control plate that interconnects cylinder ends of the at least two piston cylinders. By providing for connection to the piston cylinders from below, the top side of the control plate is above the piston cylinders. The top side of the control plate includes a universal adapter that is in fluid communication with a fluid passage through the tool support structure. A union adapter in fluid communication with the fluid passage is mounted to a bottom side of the control plate. The union adapter preferably has a bottom end that terminates in a wing union that provides the adapter and permits rapid connection to the tubular.

In accordance with yet another aspect of the invention, a second apparatus for controlling vertical movement of a tubular within a high-pressure well is provided. The second apparatus includes an anchor spool that has a bottom flange for secure, fluid-tight connection atop the high-pressure well, and provides a sealed passageway through which the tubular can be vertically displaced. A tool support structure of the second apparatus includes an adapter stack bottom end for secure connection to the tubular in a same manner as that of the first apparatus. At least two piston cylinders symmetrically disposed about the tubular are secured to a bottom of the tool support structure and to the anchor spool, so that a top end of the tubular can be accessed at an adapter stack top end of the tool support structure.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Further features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description, taken in combination with the appended drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a schematic side elevational view of the apparatus in accordance with the invention for controlling vertical movement of a tubular within a high-pressure well;

FIG. 2 is a schematic side elevational view of the apparatus shown in FIG. 1 with a detachable superstructure of the apparatus detached from an anchor spool of the apparatus;

FIG. 3 is a schematic side-elevational view of the apparatus shown in FIG. 1 with a landing joint connected to a tool support structure of the apparatus, and the hydraulic cylinders in an extended condition;

FIG. 4 is a schematic side-elevational view of the apparatus shown in FIG. 3 with the hydraulic cylinders in a retracted condition;

FIG. 5 is a schematic side-elevational view of the apparatus shown in FIG. 1 connected to a well stimulation tool, with the hydraulic cylinders in an extended condition; and

FIG. 6 is a side-elevational view of the apparatus shown in FIG. 5 with the hydraulic cylinders shown in a retracted condition.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

The invention provides an apparatus for controlling vertical movement of a tubular that is designed to be inserted into a high-pressure well. The apparatus includes an anchor spool, a tool support structure above the anchor spool, and a plurality of symmetrically disposed piston cylinders interconnecting the two. The tubular may be a landing joint or a high-pressure mandrel of either a well stimulation tool, or a wellhead isolation tool. The apparatus therefore has multiple uses. The apparatus further provides unobstructed access to a top end of the tubular because the piston cylinders are connected to a bottom side of the tool support structure. The piston cylinders are radially distributed to provide a balanced control force to permit installation of a well stimulation tool, or a wellhead isolation tool connected to the tool support structure.

FIG. 1 is a schematic side-elevational view of the apparatus 10 in accordance with an embodiment of the invention. The apparatus 10 includes an anchor spool 12 and a detachable superstructure 26. The anchor spool 12 includes a bottom flange 14, an elongated sidewall 16, and a top end 17 with a threaded adapter 18 for threaded connection of a lock-down nut, as will be described below in more detail. An axial passage through which the tubular can pass is formed through the anchor spool 12. The axial passage through anchor spool 12 is defined by an interior of the elongated sidewall 16, as can be readily seen in FIG. 1. The top end 17 also includes a packing cavity 20 for receiving and supporting a high-pressure packing, such as a Chevron packing that is well known in the art. The anchor spool 12 further includes an anchor plate 22 that extends laterally in at least two directions from the elongated sidewall 16. The anchor plate 22 is preferably welded to an outer periphery of the elongated sidewall 16 and, in one embodiment, is reinforced by gussets 24 welded between the anchor plate 22 and the elongated sidewall 16 to provide additional stabilizing support. The anchor spool 12 is constructed to safely contain pressures of at least 10,000 psi.

The detachable superstructure 26 includes at least two hydraulic cylinders 28 having ram ends 28 a and cylinder ends 28 b. The RAM ends 28 a are detachably connected to the anchor plate 22 by threaded connectors 29, such as wing nuts, well known in the art. The threaded connectors 29 are arrayed symmetrically about the axis of the anchor spool 12. The RAM ends 28 a of the hydraulic cylinders 28 are equipped with stabilizers 31 to enlarge a footprint of the RAM ends, and therefore provide additional stability between the anchor plate 22 and the hydraulic cylinders 28. The hydraulic cylinders 28 are one example of piston cylinders.

The cylinder ends 28 b of the hydraulic cylinders 28 are rigidly interconnected by a tool support structure that includes a control plate 30. The control plate 30 also supports an adapter stack 32. The adapter stack 32 includes a universal adapter 34 mounted to a top of a union adapter 36. The universal adapter 34 extends above the control plate 30. The union adapter 36 extends below the control plate 30, and supports a wing union 38 used to support a tool adapter 40. A fluid passage 42 through the tool support structure extends through the tool adapter 40, the union adapter 36 and the universal adapter 34. The adapter stack 32 is mounted to the control plate 30 by bolts 44 received in bores through a flange 46 of the union adapter 36.

As shown in FIG. 2, when the threaded connectors 29 are removed from the RAM ends 28 a of the hydraulic cylinders 28, the detachable superstructure 26 can be removed from the anchor spool 12. As will be understood by those skilled in the art, it is not unusual that a well to be stimulated has low natural pressure prior to the stimulation operation. Consequently, the anchor spool 12 can be used independently of the superstructure 26 when a well tool is inserted into a low-pressure well, since the weight of the tool with attached mandrel and, optionally, attached tubing string will overbear well pressure and the tool can be readily inserted into the well. However, the anchor spool is preferably used whenever well stimulation is performed to provide a means of controllably extracting the mandrel from the well if energized fluids are used for well stimulation and/or a high-pressure formation is opened up during the well stimulation process. When either situation occurs, the superstructure 26 is mounted to the anchor spool 12 and the hydraulic cylinders 28 are operated to controllably stroke the mandrel out of the well, so that a bottom of the mandrel is above a BOP to which the anchor spool is mounted. Once rams of the BOP are closed, pressure can be bled off from the anchor spool 12 using a pressure bleed port, 47 in a manner well known in the art.

FIG. 3 is a schematic side-elevational view of the apparatus 10 in which the tool adapter 40 is connected to a landing joint 50 used to remove a tubing hanger from a tubing head spool of the well or insert the tubing hanger into the tubing head spool, as described in Applicant's U.S. Pat. No. 6,595,297 which issued on Jul. 22, 2003. The landing joint 50 is preferably connected to the tool adapter 40 by a swivel joint 52. The tool adapter 40 is normally mounted to a tool adapter flange 41 connected to a top of the landing joint 50, or the optional swivel 52. Consequently, the landing joint 50 is connected to and disconnected from the detachable superstructure 26 using the wing union 38.

As shown in FIG. 3, a landing joint 50 extends through a wing nut 54 that engages the threaded adapter 18 on the top end of the anchor spool 12. The wing nut 54 secures a packing retainer nut 58, which in turn retains and compresses a Chevron packing 56 in a packing cavity 20 of the anchor spool 12 to provide a seal around the landing joint. This permits the landing joint 50 to be reciprocated through the anchor spool 12 as it is stroked into and out of the well, and further permits rotational movement of the landing joint 50. As noted above, the use of the landing joint 50 is described in detail in Applicant's U.S. Pat. No. 6,595,297.

FIG. 4 shows the landing joint 50 stroked down into the well to a position where it is connected to a top of the tubing hanger. After the landing joint is connected to the tubing hanger, the tubing hanger and connected tubing are raised into the anchor spool 12 using the hydraulic cylinders 28 in a manner well known in the art. Tubing rams of a BOP to which the anchor spool 12 is mounted are closed, pressure is bled off through the pressure bleed port 47 in the anchor spool 12 and the apparatus 10 is hoisted by connecting a lifting sub to the universal adapter 34, and hoisting the entire apparatus along with the tubing hanger (not shown) and attached tubing (not shown) using a service rig, in a manner well known in the art.

FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional schematic view of the apparatus 10 in accordance with the invention mounted to a well stimulation tool described in U.S. Pat. No. 6,626,245 which was filed on Mar. 29, 2000. The well stimulation tool 60 includes a fracturing head 62. The well stimulation tool 60 is connected to a top of the anchor spool 12 by a lock-down nut 54. The function and use of the well stimulation tool 60, referred to as a blowout preventer protector in Applicant's pending application, is thoroughly explained in the specification of which is incorporated herein by reference. As shown in FIG. 5, the well stimulation tool 60 includes a mandrel that is fully inserted through the wellhead and a cup tool 66 that is sealingly engaged with a casing of the well (not shown).

If energized fluids are used to stimulate the well or a high-pressure formation is opened up during the stimulation process, pressure in the well may be too high to safely remove the well stimulation tool 60 without the use of the apparatus 10 in accordance with the invention. Consequently, the superstructure 26 is connected to the anchor plate 22 using the threaded connectors 29 and the wing union 38 to connect the union adapter 36 to the tool adapter 40.

FIG. 6 shows the well stimulation tool 60 stroked out of the well using the apparatus 10. As is apparent, the hydraulic cylinders 28 are in an extended condition and the cup tool 66 is received within the anchor spool 12. Consequently, blind rams 72 of BOP 70 (FIG. 5) can be closed. Thereafter, pressure is bled from the anchor spool 12 using the pressure bleed port 47, which permits the entire apparatus including the superstructure 26 and the anchor spool 12 to be removed from the BOP 70. Thereafter, fluid control equipment can be connected to a top of the BOP 70 and the stimulation fluids can be flowed back out of the well in a manner well known in the art.

As will be appreciated by those skilled in the art, wing union 38 permits different tools, such as the landing joint 50 (FIG. 3) and the well stimulation tool 60 (FIG. 5) to be rapidly connected and disconnected from the apparatus 10 in accordance with the invention. This makes the apparatus 10 very adaptable and permits a plurality of well stimulation procedures to be performed. The apparatus 10 is adapted to be used to insert substantially any tubular into a high-pressure well or remove the tubular from the well. In fact, the apparatus 10 is also useful for low-pressure applications as will be well understood by those skilled in the art. The rapid connection and disconnection of different tools therefore provides a very versatile control mechanism adapted for use in a wide variety of applications.

The embodiments of the invention described above are intended to be exemplary only. The scope of the invention is therefore intended to be limited only by the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (20)

1. An apparatus for inserting or removing a tubing hanger from a wellhead, comprising:
an anchor spool having a bottom flange for fluid-tight connection to a top flange of a tubing head spool, and having a top end that supports a high-pressure packing that seals an annulus between the top end and a landing joint while permitting vertical and rotational movement of the landing joint, and an anchor plate having connectors for detachably securing ram ends of at least two hydraulic cylinders symmetrically disposed about the anchor spool; and
a detachable superstructure having the at least two hydraulic cylinders and a tool support structure connected to respective cylinder ends of the at least two hydraulic cylinders, the tool support structure comprising a control plate having a top side, and a bottom side, and including a fluid passage extending between the top and bottom sides, a first adapter connected to the top side of the control plate in fluid communication with the fluid passage, and a second adapter connected to the bottom side for secure connection of the landing joint for the tubing hanger.
2. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein the top end of the anchor spool further comprises a packing cavity for receiving the high-pressure packing, the packing cavity being a radially enlarged part of an axial passage through which the landing joint can be reciprocated.
3. The apparatus as claimed in claim 2 wherein the top end of the anchor spool further comprises a pin for threaded engagement with a box thread of a wing nut, the wing nut retaining the high-pressure packing and sealing the packing against the landing joint.
4. The apparatus as claimed in claim 3 further comprising gussets extending between the elongated side wall and the anchor plate to reinforce the anchor plate.
5. The apparatus as claimed in claim 4 wherein the anchor plate and the control plate support the hydraulic cylinders far enough apart to facilitate access to the landing joint.
6. The apparatus as claimed in claim 5 wherein the first adapter is a universal adapter.
7. The apparatus as claimed in claim 6 wherein the second adapter comprises a union adapter which terminates in a wing union.
8. An apparatus for inserting a tubing hanger into a tubing head spool of a wellhead or removing the tubing hanger from the tubing head spool, comprising:
an anchor spool having a bottom flange for secure, fluid-tight connection to a top of a tubing head spool of the wellhead, providing a sealed axial passage through which the tubing hanger can be reciprocated;
a tool support structure comprising a control plate having a top side, and a bottom side, and including a fluid passage extending between the top and bottom sides, the control plate being securely connected to at least two hydraulic cylinders that are disposed symmetrically about the anchor spool, a first adapter connected to the top side of the control plate in fluid communication with the fluid passage, and a second adapter connected to the bottom side of the control plate in fluid communication with the fluid passage, the second adapter providing secure connection to a landing joint for inserting or removing the tubing hanger.
9. The apparatus as claimed in claim 8 wherein the second adapter terminates in a wing union for rapid connection and disconnection of the landing joint.
10. The apparatus as claimed in claim 8 wherein the sealed axial passage further comprises a packing cavity that receives packing which provides a high-pressure, fluid-tight seal when the landing joint is rotated within the sealed axial passage.
11. An anchor spool for inserting a tubing hanger into a tubing head spool of a wellhead, or removing the tubing hanger from the tugging head spool, comprising:
a bottom flange for fluid-tight connection to a top of the tubing head spool;
an elongated sidewall defining an axial passage through the anchor spool that permits reciprocation of the tubing hanger therethrough, an interior top end of the axial passage including a packing cavity for receiving high-pressure packing that seals an annulus between a landing joint connected to the tubing hanger and the axial passage, while permitting vertical and rotational movement of the landing joint; and
an anchor plate secured to the elongated sidewall for detachably connecting ram ends of at least two hydraulic cylinders symmetrically disposed about the axial passage so that cylinder ends of the hydraulic cylinders connected to a bottom of a tool support structure that supports the landing joint can move the landing joint into or out of the wellbore, the top end of the anchor spool further comprising a pin thread for threaded engagement with a box thread of a wing nut, the wing nut retaining the high-pressure packing, in sealing contact with the landing joint.
12. The anchor spool as claimed in claim 11 wherein the elongated sidewall further comprises a pressure bleed port to permit well pressure to be released from the anchor spool.
13. The anchor spool as claimed in claim 11 further comprising gussets interconnecting the elongated sidewall and the anchor plate for reinforcing the anchor plate.
14. The anchor spool as claimed in claim 11 wherein the bottom flange comprises a bolted flange.
15. A detachable superstructure for mounting to a wellhead for inserting a tubing hanger into or removing the tubing hanger from a tubing head spool of the wellhead, the detachable superstructure comprising:
a control plate having a top side, and a bottom side, and a fluid passage extending between the top and bottom sides, the control plate being securely connected to cylinder ends of at least two hydraulic that are disposed symmetrically about a landing joint for inserting or removing the tubing hanger;
a first adapter connected to the top side of the control plate in fluid communication with the fluid passage; and
a second adapter connected to the bottom side of the control plate in fluid communication with the fluid passage, the second adapter providing secure connection of the landing joint.
16. The detachable superstructure as claimed in claim 15 wherein the control plate extends radially from the fluid passage far enough that the hydraulic cylinders are supported away from the landing joint a distance that provides access to the landing joint.
17. The detachable superstructure as claimed in claim 15 wherein the second adapter comprises a union adapter.
18. The detachable superstructure as claimed in claim 17 wherein the union adapter comprises a bottom end that terminates in a wing union to permit rapid connection and disconnection of the landing joint to the bottom side of the control plate.
19. The detachable superstructure as claimed in claim 15 wherein the second adapter includes a swivel joint to permit axial rotation of the landing joint.
20. The detachable superstructure as claimed in claim 15 wherein the first adapter is a universal adapter.
US11789585 2003-03-07 2007-04-25 Apparatus for controlling a tool having a mandrel that must be stroked into or out of a well Active US7438126B2 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CA2,421,348 2003-03-07
CA 2421348 CA2421348A1 (en) 2003-03-07 2003-03-07 Apparatus for controlling a tool having a mandrel that must be stroked into or out of a well
US10727806 US7210525B2 (en) 2003-03-07 2003-12-04 Apparatus for controlling a tool having a mandrel that must be stroked into or out of a well
US11789585 US7438126B2 (en) 2003-03-07 2007-04-25 Apparatus for controlling a tool having a mandrel that must be stroked into or out of a well

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11789585 US7438126B2 (en) 2003-03-07 2007-04-25 Apparatus for controlling a tool having a mandrel that must be stroked into or out of a well

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20070193734A1 true US20070193734A1 (en) 2007-08-23
US7438126B2 true US7438126B2 (en) 2008-10-21

Family

ID=32913633

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10727806 Active 2024-04-05 US7210525B2 (en) 2003-03-07 2003-12-04 Apparatus for controlling a tool having a mandrel that must be stroked into or out of a well
US11789585 Active US7438126B2 (en) 2003-03-07 2007-04-25 Apparatus for controlling a tool having a mandrel that must be stroked into or out of a well

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10727806 Active 2024-04-05 US7210525B2 (en) 2003-03-07 2003-12-04 Apparatus for controlling a tool having a mandrel that must be stroked into or out of a well

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (2) US7210525B2 (en)
CA (1) CA2421348A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8267831B1 (en) 2009-05-19 2012-09-18 Western Digital Technologies, Inc. Method and apparatus for washing, etching, rinsing, and plating substrates
US20130192842A1 (en) * 2012-01-31 2013-08-01 Cudd Pressure Control, Inc. Method and Apparatus to Perform Subsea or Surface Jacking

Families Citing this family (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA2421348A1 (en) * 2003-03-07 2004-09-07 L. Murray Dallas Apparatus for controlling a tool having a mandrel that must be stroked into or out of a well
US7159652B2 (en) * 2003-09-04 2007-01-09 Oil States Energy Services, Inc. Drilling flange and independent screwed wellhead with metal-to-metal seal and method of use
US7168495B2 (en) * 2004-03-31 2007-01-30 Oil States Energy Services, Inc. Casing-engaging well tree isolation tool and method of use
US7278490B2 (en) * 2004-12-28 2007-10-09 Stinger Wellhead Protection, Inc. Blast joint swivel for wellhead isolation tool and method of using same
US7578352B2 (en) * 2005-10-14 2009-08-25 Weatherford/Lamb, Inc. Controlled shared load casing jack system and method of using
US20070227742A1 (en) * 2006-04-04 2007-10-04 Oil States Energy Services, Inc. Casing transition nipple and method of casing a well to facilitate well completion, re-completion and workover
US7584797B2 (en) * 2006-04-04 2009-09-08 Stinger Wellhead Protection, Inc. Method of subsurface lubrication to facilitate well completion, re-completion and workover
US7520334B2 (en) * 2006-09-28 2009-04-21 Stinger Wellhead Protection, Inc. Subsurface lubricator and method of use
US7584798B2 (en) * 2006-09-28 2009-09-08 Stinger Wellhead Protection, Inc. Subsurface lubricator and method of use
US20080257541A1 (en) * 2007-04-18 2008-10-23 Boyd's Bit Service, Inc. Wellhead isolation tool including an abrasive cleaning ring
US7743822B2 (en) * 2007-12-05 2010-06-29 Stinger Wellhead Protection, Inc. Snubber spool with detachable base plates
US8820400B2 (en) 2008-03-20 2014-09-02 Oil States Energy Services, L.L.C. Erosion resistant frac head
US7789133B2 (en) * 2008-03-20 2010-09-07 Stinger Wellhead Protection, Inc. Erosion resistant frac head
US20100122809A1 (en) * 2008-07-31 2010-05-20 Robichaux Ron D Rotating high-pressure pumping head
CN104879079B (en) * 2015-06-05 2018-02-09 辽宁石油机械制造有限公司 Apparatus and method of the gate valve with a pressure change with pressure wellhead valve replacement

Citations (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1586923A (en) 1924-02-18 1926-06-01 Elvin E Townsend Well-drilling equipment
US1934955A (en) 1931-06-25 1933-11-14 Thrupp Edgar Charles Natural gas well heater
US4241976A (en) 1979-07-20 1980-12-30 International Telephone And Telegraph Corporation Contact retention clip and method of inserting same in an insulator
US4632183A (en) 1984-01-09 1986-12-30 Mcleod Roderick D Insertion drive system for tree savers
US4867243A (en) 1988-05-20 1989-09-19 Garner Jonathan W Wellhead isolation tool and setting and method of using same
US5025857A (en) 1988-10-20 1991-06-25 Mcleod Roderick D Wellhead tubing and casing packer and installation and removal tool
US5927405A (en) 1997-06-13 1999-07-27 Abb Vetco Gray, Inc. Casing annulus remediation system
US6009941A (en) 1997-12-17 2000-01-04 Haynes; Michael Jonathon Apparatus for axially displacing a downhole tool or a tubing string in a well bore
US6019175A (en) 1998-02-17 2000-02-01 Haynes; Michael Jonathon Tubing hanger to permit axial tubing displacement in a well bore and method of using same
US6145596A (en) 1999-03-16 2000-11-14 Dallas; L. Murray Method and apparatus for dual string well tree isolation
US6209633B1 (en) 1997-12-17 2001-04-03 Michael Jonathon Haynes Apparatus and method for axially displacing a downhole tool or a tubing string in a well bore
US6220363B1 (en) 1999-07-16 2001-04-24 L. Murray Dallas Wellhead isolation tool and method of using same
US6234253B1 (en) 1998-11-30 2001-05-22 L. Murray Dallas Method and apparatus for well workover or servicing
US6289993B1 (en) 1999-06-21 2001-09-18 L. Murray Dallas Blowout preventer protector and setting tool
US6315050B2 (en) 1999-04-21 2001-11-13 Schlumberger Technology Corp. Packer
US6470965B1 (en) 2000-08-28 2002-10-29 Colin Winzer Device for introducing a high pressure fluid into well head components
US6595297B2 (en) 2001-02-23 2003-07-22 L. Murray Dallas Method and apparatus for inserting a tubing hanger into a live well
US6626245B1 (en) 2000-03-29 2003-09-30 L Murray Dallas Blowout preventer protector and method of using same
US6695064B2 (en) 2001-12-19 2004-02-24 L. Murray Dallas Slip spool and method of using same
US6712147B2 (en) 2001-11-15 2004-03-30 L. Murray Dallas Spool for pressure containment used in rigless well completion, re-completion, servicing or workover
US6817423B2 (en) 2002-06-03 2004-11-16 L. Murray Dallas Wall stimulation tool and method of using same
US6827147B2 (en) 2002-05-31 2004-12-07 L. Murray Dallas Reciprocating lubricator
US6918439B2 (en) 2003-01-03 2005-07-19 L. Murray Dallas Backpressure adaptor pin and methods of use
US6938696B2 (en) 2003-01-06 2005-09-06 H W Ces International Backpressure adapter pin and methods of use
US6948565B2 (en) 2001-12-21 2005-09-27 H W C E S International Slip spool and method of using same
US7210525B2 (en) * 2003-03-07 2007-05-01 Stinger Wellhead Protection, Inc. Apparatus for controlling a tool having a mandrel that must be stroked into or out of a well

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US470965A (en) * 1892-03-15 Christopher anderson
CA1094945A (en) * 1978-05-02 1981-02-03 Ronald S. Bullen Well tree saver

Patent Citations (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1586923A (en) 1924-02-18 1926-06-01 Elvin E Townsend Well-drilling equipment
US1934955A (en) 1931-06-25 1933-11-14 Thrupp Edgar Charles Natural gas well heater
US4241976A (en) 1979-07-20 1980-12-30 International Telephone And Telegraph Corporation Contact retention clip and method of inserting same in an insulator
US4632183A (en) 1984-01-09 1986-12-30 Mcleod Roderick D Insertion drive system for tree savers
US4867243A (en) 1988-05-20 1989-09-19 Garner Jonathan W Wellhead isolation tool and setting and method of using same
US5025857A (en) 1988-10-20 1991-06-25 Mcleod Roderick D Wellhead tubing and casing packer and installation and removal tool
US5927405A (en) 1997-06-13 1999-07-27 Abb Vetco Gray, Inc. Casing annulus remediation system
US6009941A (en) 1997-12-17 2000-01-04 Haynes; Michael Jonathon Apparatus for axially displacing a downhole tool or a tubing string in a well bore
US6209633B1 (en) 1997-12-17 2001-04-03 Michael Jonathon Haynes Apparatus and method for axially displacing a downhole tool or a tubing string in a well bore
US6019175A (en) 1998-02-17 2000-02-01 Haynes; Michael Jonathon Tubing hanger to permit axial tubing displacement in a well bore and method of using same
US6234253B1 (en) 1998-11-30 2001-05-22 L. Murray Dallas Method and apparatus for well workover or servicing
US6145596A (en) 1999-03-16 2000-11-14 Dallas; L. Murray Method and apparatus for dual string well tree isolation
US6315050B2 (en) 1999-04-21 2001-11-13 Schlumberger Technology Corp. Packer
US6289993B1 (en) 1999-06-21 2001-09-18 L. Murray Dallas Blowout preventer protector and setting tool
US6220363B1 (en) 1999-07-16 2001-04-24 L. Murray Dallas Wellhead isolation tool and method of using same
US6626245B1 (en) 2000-03-29 2003-09-30 L Murray Dallas Blowout preventer protector and method of using same
US6470965B1 (en) 2000-08-28 2002-10-29 Colin Winzer Device for introducing a high pressure fluid into well head components
US6595297B2 (en) 2001-02-23 2003-07-22 L. Murray Dallas Method and apparatus for inserting a tubing hanger into a live well
US6712147B2 (en) 2001-11-15 2004-03-30 L. Murray Dallas Spool for pressure containment used in rigless well completion, re-completion, servicing or workover
US6695064B2 (en) 2001-12-19 2004-02-24 L. Murray Dallas Slip spool and method of using same
US6948565B2 (en) 2001-12-21 2005-09-27 H W C E S International Slip spool and method of using same
US6827147B2 (en) 2002-05-31 2004-12-07 L. Murray Dallas Reciprocating lubricator
US6817423B2 (en) 2002-06-03 2004-11-16 L. Murray Dallas Wall stimulation tool and method of using same
US6918439B2 (en) 2003-01-03 2005-07-19 L. Murray Dallas Backpressure adaptor pin and methods of use
US6938696B2 (en) 2003-01-06 2005-09-06 H W Ces International Backpressure adapter pin and methods of use
US7210525B2 (en) * 2003-03-07 2007-05-01 Stinger Wellhead Protection, Inc. Apparatus for controlling a tool having a mandrel that must be stroked into or out of a well

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8267831B1 (en) 2009-05-19 2012-09-18 Western Digital Technologies, Inc. Method and apparatus for washing, etching, rinsing, and plating substrates
US20130192842A1 (en) * 2012-01-31 2013-08-01 Cudd Pressure Control, Inc. Method and Apparatus to Perform Subsea or Surface Jacking
US8863846B2 (en) * 2012-01-31 2014-10-21 Cudd Pressure Control, Inc. Method and apparatus to perform subsea or surface jacking

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
CA2421348A1 (en) 2004-09-07 application
US7210525B2 (en) 2007-05-01 grant
US20040173347A1 (en) 2004-09-09 application
US20070193734A1 (en) 2007-08-23 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3411576A (en) Well tools
US3556209A (en) Retrievable wireline lubricator and method of use
US3256937A (en) Underwater well completion method
US4618314A (en) Fluid injection apparatus and method used between a blowout preventer and a choke manifold
US7032677B2 (en) Multi-lock adapters for independent screwed wellheads and methods of using same
US7201229B2 (en) Tree mounted well flow interface device
US7237623B2 (en) Method for pressurized mud cap and reverse circulation drilling from a floating drilling rig using a sealed marine riser
US4993488A (en) Well casing packers
US5605194A (en) Independent screwed wellhead with high pressure capability and method
US2148327A (en) Oil well completion apparatus
US5012865A (en) Annular and concentric flow wellhead isolation tool
US7055632B2 (en) Well stimulation tool and method for inserting a backpressure plug through a mandrel of the tool
US6913092B2 (en) Method and system for return of drilling fluid from a sealed marine riser to a floating drilling rig while drilling
US6431626B1 (en) Tubular running tool
US7231981B2 (en) Inline compensator for a floating drill rig
US4403658A (en) Multiline riser support and connection system and method for subsea wells
US7740074B2 (en) Tree mounted well flow interface device
US6309002B1 (en) Tubular running tool
US4076079A (en) Full bore fracture treating assembly
US7431092B2 (en) Assembly and method for intervention of a subsea well
US7658228B2 (en) High pressure system
US4844166A (en) Method and apparatus for recompleting wells with coil tubing
US3324943A (en) Off-shore drilling
US4997042A (en) Casing circulator and method
US7159663B2 (en) Hybrid wellhead system and method of use

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: HWCES INTERNATIONAL, TEXAS

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:DALLAS, L. MURRAY;REEL/FRAME:019311/0135

Effective date: 20050501

Owner name: OIL STATES ENERGY SERVICES, INC., TEXAS

Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:HWC ENERGY SERVICES, INC.;REEL/FRAME:019291/0274

Effective date: 20060309

Owner name: HWC ENERGY SERVICES, INC., TEXAS

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:HWCES INTERNATIONAL;REEL/FRAME:019291/0204

Effective date: 20060228

Owner name: STINGER WELLHEAD PROTECTION, INC., TEXAS

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:OIL STATES ENERGY SERVICES, INC.;REEL/FRAME:019291/0254

Effective date: 20061219

AS Assignment

Owner name: STINGER WELLHEAD PROTECTION, INC., OKLAHOMA

Free format text: CHANGE OF ASSIGNEE ADDRESS;ASSIGNOR:STINGER WELLHEAD PROTECTION, INC.;REEL/FRAME:019588/0172

Effective date: 20070716

Owner name: STINGER WELLHEAD PROTECTION, INC.,OKLAHOMA

Free format text: CHANGE OF ASSIGNEE ADDRESS;ASSIGNOR:STINGER WELLHEAD PROTECTION, INC.;REEL/FRAME:019588/0172

Effective date: 20070716

CC Certificate of correction
FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 4

AS Assignment

Owner name: OIL STATES ENERGY SERVICES, L.L.C., TEXAS

Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:STINGER WELLHEAD PROTECTION, INCORPORATED;REEL/FRAME:029131/0638

Effective date: 20111231

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 8