US733152A - Empyema drainage device. - Google Patents

Empyema drainage device. Download PDF

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Publication number
US733152A
US733152A US12159102A US1902121591A US733152A US 733152 A US733152 A US 733152A US 12159102 A US12159102 A US 12159102A US 1902121591 A US1902121591 A US 1902121591A US 733152 A US733152 A US 733152A
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Prior art keywords
tube
valve
empyema
guard
drainage device
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Expired - Lifetime
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US12159102A
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Murdoch Chisholm
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Murdoch Chisholm
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Priority to US12159102A priority Critical patent/US733152A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M39/00Tubes, tube connectors, tube couplings, valves, access sites or the like, specially adapted for medical use
    • A61M39/22Valves or arrangement of valves
    • A61M39/24Check- or non-return valves

Description

No. 733,152. PATENTED JULY '7, 1903. M. GHISHOLM. EMPYEMA DRAINAGE DEVICE.

APPLICATION FILED AUG. so, 1902.

No MODEL Kaella/.4.1-

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No. realta Patented July 7, 1903.

PATENT OFFICE.

MURDOCH CHISHOLM, OF HALIFAX, CANADA.

MPYEMA DRAINAGE DEVICE.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 733,152, dated July 7, 1903.

Application filed August 30, 1902. Serial No. 121,591. (No model.)

To @ZZ whom t may concern.-

Beit known that I, MURDocH CHIsHoLM, a citizen of Canada, residing at Halifax, in the Province of Nova Scotia and Dominion of Canada, have invented new and useful Improvements in Empyelna Drainage Devices, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to empyema drainage devices-z'. e., devices for draining pus, ttc., from cavities of the body; and it has for its general object to provide a drainage device calculated to permit the free escape of air, pus, ttc., from between the lung and chestwall of a patient and, when required, preclude the entry of air, this with a view of enabling the lung to quickly expand, so that the cavity between it and the chest-wall disappears.

XVith the foregoing in mind the invention will be fully understood from the following description and claims when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure l is a perspective View of a device constituting one embodiment of my invention; Fig. 2, a view, partly in plan and partly in section, of the same with the soft-rubber disk in position; Fig. 3, an elevation of the outer end of the device; Fig. 4, an enlarged detail section taken in the plane indicated by the broken line 4L a of Fig. 2; Fig. 5, a diametrical section of a device constituting a modification of the invention; and Fig. 6, a view similar to Fig. l, illustrating the device as it appears when the valve is omitted.

Referring by letter to the said drawings,and more particularly to Figs. l to t thereof, A is a tube of metal or other suitable material having a flange or enlargement a at its outer end; B, a iiexible tube of rubber or other suitable material secured on the end of tube A; C, a non-return valve arranged to permit the free escape ot' air, pus, rbc., from the body of a patient and preclude the entry of air, and D a guard arranged over the valve and having for its purpose to prevent the dressings on a patient from interfering with the free operation of the valve or in the absence of a valve (see Fig. 6) from choking the tube. The valve is preferably a strip of oiled silk connected at one end by a drop of collodion or other adhesive to the outer' side of the iiange a, and its free portion is arranged over the outer end of the tube and between the same and the cross-bar of the guard D,as best shown in Fig. l. The said guard D is formed integral with the flange a or connected at its ends to the same, as desired.

As will be readily appreciated, a valve constructed and arranged in the manner described is extremely sensitive, and consequently may when it is protected by the guard D be depended upon to permitthe free escape of air, pus, rbc., from between the lung and chest-Wall of a patient and yet elfectually prevent the entry of air. It will also be observed that the said valve is adapted to be readily removed from the device and as readily reapplied thereto when desired.

In the practical use of my improved device the tube is placed in an incision in the chestwall of the patient, when the liexible or soft port-ion B thereof will serve to receive the air, pus, dsc., from the cavity between the lung and chest-wall, and this without liability of the lung being irritated or injured. At each exhalation or cough of the patient air and discharges will be forced through the tube and past the valve; but at the commencement of each inhalation the valve will seat tightly over the outer end of the tube, and thereby preclude thepassage of air to the cavity between the lung and the chest-Wall. The guard in the absence of the valve (see Fig. 6) is of importance in preventing the dressings from choking up the tube by forming a space around its outer end to receive the solid parts of the discharges and to increase the internal area of the surrounding dressings for absorption. In virtue of this the lung is permitted to quickly expand, so that the space between it and the chest-wall .disappears and the cure of the patient is pro- ICO u ucsb..."

the patient. The said disk E is by preference removably arranged on the tube A, this in order that gauze may be used around the tube for several days after the tube is placed in the chest, and then if the lung fails to expand the disk E may be arranged on the tube A and used instead of the gauze.

In the modified construction shown in Fig. 5 a flexible rubber tube B" is formed integral with a tlange a', and a guard D', having a nipple A", which enters the tube B, is suitably secured to the outer side of the ange. The valve C of this modified construction is suitably connected to the outer side of the flange a. and its free portion is disposed between the outer end of the tube and the cross-bar of the guard D in the manner and for the purpose before described.

It is obvious that when desired the valve may be omitted from the modified construction, as well as from the construction shown in Figs. l to 4.

I haveentered into a detailed description of the construction and relative arrangement of the parts embraced in the present and preferred embodiment of my invention in order to impart a full, clear, and exact understanding of the same. I do not desire, however, to be understood as confining myself to such specific construction and relative arrangement of parts, as such changes or modifications may be made in practice as fairly fall within the scope of my claims. p

Having described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, 1s-

1. An empyema drainage-tube having a flange at its outer end, a flexible portion of rubber or other soft material at its inner end, a

a soft-rubber disk of larger diameter than the flange, arranged at the inner side of the iiange, and having an aperture snugly receiving the tube.

3. An empyema drainage-tube, open at its opposite ends, and having one end adapted to be inserted in the body, and also having an inwardly-seating valve at its opposite end, and an exterior guard arranged over said end and valve.

4. An empyenia drainage-tube having a liange at its outer end, a valve-guard on the outer side of the iiange, and a cl'ack, non-, return valve connected 'at one end to the iange, and having its free portion disposed between the outer end of the tube and the guard.

5. An empyema drainageftube, open at its opposite ends, and having one en d adapted to be inserted in the body, and also having a non return valve arranged to seat toward the latter end. Y

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in presence of two subscribing witnesses.

MURDOCH CHISI-IOLM.

Witnesses:

W. MCLAUCHLAN, J. J. MCLAUGHLIN.

US12159102A 1902-08-30 1902-08-30 Empyema drainage device. Expired - Lifetime US733152A (en)

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Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2687731A (en) * 1951-08-29 1954-08-31 Mike V Iarussi Catheter valve
US3788327A (en) * 1971-03-30 1974-01-29 H Donowitz Surgical implant device
US4153058A (en) * 1977-07-05 1979-05-08 Nehme Alexander E Pleural decompression catheter
US4402681A (en) * 1980-08-23 1983-09-06 Haas Joseph S Artificial implant valve for the regulation of intraocular pressure
US4465062A (en) * 1982-05-14 1984-08-14 Gina Versaggi Noninvasive seal for a sucking chest wound
US5702414A (en) * 1995-05-14 1997-12-30 Optonol Ltd Method of implanting an intraocular implant
US5968058A (en) * 1996-03-27 1999-10-19 Optonol Ltd. Device for and method of implanting an intraocular implant
US6203513B1 (en) 1997-11-20 2001-03-20 Optonol Ltd. Flow regulating implant, method of manufacture, and delivery device
US6558342B1 (en) 1999-06-02 2003-05-06 Optonol Ltd. Flow control device, introducer and method of implanting
US20040244802A1 (en) * 2003-06-03 2004-12-09 Don Tanaka Lung reduction system
US20050288617A1 (en) * 2004-06-25 2005-12-29 Ira Yaron Flow regulating implants
US7377278B2 (en) 2003-06-05 2008-05-27 Portaero, Inc. Intra-thoracic collateral ventilation bypass system and method
US7398782B2 (en) 2004-11-19 2008-07-15 Portaero, Inc. Method for pulmonary drug delivery
US7406963B2 (en) 2006-01-17 2008-08-05 Portaero, Inc. Variable resistance pulmonary ventilation bypass valve and method
US20080188809A1 (en) * 2003-05-07 2008-08-07 Portaero, Inc. Device and method for creating a localized pleurodesis and treating a lung through the localized pleurodesis
US7426929B2 (en) 2003-05-20 2008-09-23 Portaero, Inc. Intra/extra-thoracic collateral ventilation bypass system and method
US20080281295A1 (en) * 2007-05-11 2008-11-13 Portaero, Inc. Visceral pleura ring connector
US20080281433A1 (en) * 2007-05-11 2008-11-13 Portaero, Inc. Methods and devices to create a chemically and/or mechanically localized pleurodesis
US7533667B2 (en) 2003-05-29 2009-05-19 Portaero, Inc. Methods and devices to assist pulmonary decompression
US20090204053A1 (en) * 2008-02-11 2009-08-13 Optonol Ltd. Devices and methods for opening fluid passageways
US7682332B2 (en) 2003-07-15 2010-03-23 Portaero, Inc. Methods to accelerate wound healing in thoracic anastomosis applications
US20100274259A1 (en) * 1997-11-20 2010-10-28 Optonol Ltd. Fluid drainage device, delivery device, and associated methods of use and manufacture
US7824366B2 (en) 2004-12-10 2010-11-02 Portaero, Inc. Collateral ventilation device with chest tube/evacuation features and method
US7909803B2 (en) 2008-02-19 2011-03-22 Portaero, Inc. Enhanced pneumostoma management device and methods for treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
US8062315B2 (en) * 2007-05-17 2011-11-22 Portaero, Inc. Variable parietal/visceral pleural coupling
US8104474B2 (en) 2005-08-23 2012-01-31 Portaero, Inc. Collateral ventilation bypass system with retention features
US8220460B2 (en) 2004-11-19 2012-07-17 Portaero, Inc. Evacuation device and method for creating a localized pleurodesis
US8336540B2 (en) 2008-02-19 2012-12-25 Portaero, Inc. Pneumostoma management device and method for treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
US8347881B2 (en) 2009-01-08 2013-01-08 Portaero, Inc. Pneumostoma management device with integrated patency sensor and method
US8475389B2 (en) 2008-02-19 2013-07-02 Portaero, Inc. Methods and devices for assessment of pneumostoma function
US8518053B2 (en) 2009-02-11 2013-08-27 Portaero, Inc. Surgical instruments for creating a pneumostoma and treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
US20180243073A1 (en) * 2017-02-27 2018-08-30 Baylor University Ureteral stent and method

Cited By (74)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2687731A (en) * 1951-08-29 1954-08-31 Mike V Iarussi Catheter valve
US3788327A (en) * 1971-03-30 1974-01-29 H Donowitz Surgical implant device
US4153058A (en) * 1977-07-05 1979-05-08 Nehme Alexander E Pleural decompression catheter
US4402681A (en) * 1980-08-23 1983-09-06 Haas Joseph S Artificial implant valve for the regulation of intraocular pressure
US4465062A (en) * 1982-05-14 1984-08-14 Gina Versaggi Noninvasive seal for a sucking chest wound
US5702414A (en) * 1995-05-14 1997-12-30 Optonol Ltd Method of implanting an intraocular implant
US7481816B2 (en) 1995-05-14 2009-01-27 Optonol Ltd. Intraocular implant, delivery device, and method of implantation
US6468283B1 (en) 1995-05-14 2002-10-22 Optonol, Ltd. Method of regulating pressure with an intraocular implant
US5968058A (en) * 1996-03-27 1999-10-19 Optonol Ltd. Device for and method of implanting an intraocular implant
US8486086B2 (en) 1997-11-20 2013-07-16 Optonol, Ltd Flow regulating implant, method of manufacture, and delivery device
US20030079329A1 (en) * 1997-11-20 2003-05-01 Ira Yaron Flow regulating implant, method of manufacture, and delivery device
US20100274259A1 (en) * 1997-11-20 2010-10-28 Optonol Ltd. Fluid drainage device, delivery device, and associated methods of use and manufacture
US6510600B2 (en) 1997-11-20 2003-01-28 Optonol, Ltd. Method for manufacturing a flow regulating implant
US6203513B1 (en) 1997-11-20 2001-03-20 Optonol Ltd. Flow regulating implant, method of manufacture, and delivery device
US7670310B2 (en) 1997-11-20 2010-03-02 Optonol Ltd Flow regulating implants
US8313454B2 (en) 1997-11-20 2012-11-20 Optonol Ltd. Fluid drainage device, delivery device, and associated methods of use and manufacture
US20080125691A1 (en) * 1997-11-20 2008-05-29 Optonol Ltd. Flow regulating implants
US6726664B2 (en) 1999-06-02 2004-04-27 Optonol Ltd. Flow control device, introducer and method of implanting
US6558342B1 (en) 1999-06-02 2003-05-06 Optonol Ltd. Flow control device, introducer and method of implanting
US7828789B2 (en) 2003-05-07 2010-11-09 Portaero, Inc. Device and method for creating a localized pleurodesis and treating a lung through the localized pleurodesis
US7811274B2 (en) * 2003-05-07 2010-10-12 Portaero, Inc. Method for treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
US20080188809A1 (en) * 2003-05-07 2008-08-07 Portaero, Inc. Device and method for creating a localized pleurodesis and treating a lung through the localized pleurodesis
US20080188824A1 (en) * 2003-05-07 2008-08-07 Portaero, Inc. Implantable device and method for creating a localized pleurodesis and treating a lung through the localized pleurodesis
US8029492B2 (en) 2003-05-07 2011-10-04 Portaero, Inc. Method for treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
US7789083B2 (en) 2003-05-20 2010-09-07 Portaero, Inc. Intra/extra thoracic system for ameliorating a symptom of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
US7426929B2 (en) 2003-05-20 2008-09-23 Portaero, Inc. Intra/extra-thoracic collateral ventilation bypass system and method
US7533667B2 (en) 2003-05-29 2009-05-19 Portaero, Inc. Methods and devices to assist pulmonary decompression
US7252086B2 (en) * 2003-06-03 2007-08-07 Cordis Corporation Lung reduction system
US20040244802A1 (en) * 2003-06-03 2004-12-09 Don Tanaka Lung reduction system
US7896008B2 (en) * 2003-06-03 2011-03-01 Portaero, Inc. Lung reduction system
US7377278B2 (en) 2003-06-05 2008-05-27 Portaero, Inc. Intra-thoracic collateral ventilation bypass system and method
US7753052B2 (en) 2003-06-05 2010-07-13 Portaero, Inc. Intra-thoracic collateral ventilation bypass system
US8323230B2 (en) 2003-07-15 2012-12-04 Portaero, Inc. Methods and devices to accelerate wound healing in thoracic anastomosis applications
US7682332B2 (en) 2003-07-15 2010-03-23 Portaero, Inc. Methods to accelerate wound healing in thoracic anastomosis applications
US20080077071A1 (en) * 2004-06-25 2008-03-27 Optonol Ltd. Flow Regulating Implants
US8034016B2 (en) 2004-06-25 2011-10-11 Optonol, Ltd. Flow regulating implants and methods of implanting
US20050288617A1 (en) * 2004-06-25 2005-12-29 Ira Yaron Flow regulating implants
US7862531B2 (en) 2004-06-25 2011-01-04 Optonol Ltd. Flow regulating implants
US7398782B2 (en) 2004-11-19 2008-07-15 Portaero, Inc. Method for pulmonary drug delivery
US8220460B2 (en) 2004-11-19 2012-07-17 Portaero, Inc. Evacuation device and method for creating a localized pleurodesis
US7824366B2 (en) 2004-12-10 2010-11-02 Portaero, Inc. Collateral ventilation device with chest tube/evacuation features and method
US8104474B2 (en) 2005-08-23 2012-01-31 Portaero, Inc. Collateral ventilation bypass system with retention features
US7406963B2 (en) 2006-01-17 2008-08-05 Portaero, Inc. Variable resistance pulmonary ventilation bypass valve and method
US7726305B2 (en) 2006-01-17 2010-06-01 Portaero, Inc. Variable resistance pulmonary ventilation bypass valve
US7686013B2 (en) 2006-01-17 2010-03-30 Portaero, Inc. Variable resistance pulmonary ventilation bypass valve
US20080281433A1 (en) * 2007-05-11 2008-11-13 Portaero, Inc. Methods and devices to create a chemically and/or mechanically localized pleurodesis
US7931641B2 (en) 2007-05-11 2011-04-26 Portaero, Inc. Visceral pleura ring connector
US20080281295A1 (en) * 2007-05-11 2008-11-13 Portaero, Inc. Visceral pleura ring connector
US8163034B2 (en) 2007-05-11 2012-04-24 Portaero, Inc. Methods and devices to create a chemically and/or mechanically localized pleurodesis
US8062315B2 (en) * 2007-05-17 2011-11-22 Portaero, Inc. Variable parietal/visceral pleural coupling
US20090204053A1 (en) * 2008-02-11 2009-08-13 Optonol Ltd. Devices and methods for opening fluid passageways
US8109896B2 (en) 2008-02-11 2012-02-07 Optonol Ltd. Devices and methods for opening fluid passageways
US8464708B2 (en) 2008-02-19 2013-06-18 Portaero, Inc. Pneumostoma management system having a cosmetic and/or protective cover
US8252003B2 (en) 2008-02-19 2012-08-28 Portaero, Inc. Surgical instruments for creating a pneumostoma and treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
US8231581B2 (en) 2008-02-19 2012-07-31 Portaero, Inc. Enhanced pneumostoma management device and methods for treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
US8506577B2 (en) 2008-02-19 2013-08-13 Portaero, Inc. Two-phase surgical procedure for creating a pneumostoma to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
US8336540B2 (en) 2008-02-19 2012-12-25 Portaero, Inc. Pneumostoma management device and method for treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
US8021320B2 (en) 2008-02-19 2011-09-20 Portaero, Inc. Self-sealing device and method for delivery of a therapeutic agent through a pneumostoma
US8347880B2 (en) 2008-02-19 2013-01-08 Potaero, Inc. Pneumostoma management system with secretion management features for treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
US8348906B2 (en) 2008-02-19 2013-01-08 Portaero, Inc. Aspirator for pneumostoma management
US8365722B2 (en) 2008-02-19 2013-02-05 Portaero, Inc. Multi-layer pneumostoma management system and methods for treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
US8430094B2 (en) 2008-02-19 2013-04-30 Portaero, Inc. Flexible pneumostoma management system and methods for treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
US8453637B2 (en) 2008-02-19 2013-06-04 Portaero, Inc. Pneumostoma management system for treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
US8453638B2 (en) 2008-02-19 2013-06-04 Portaero, Inc. One-piece pneumostoma management system and methods for treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
US7927324B2 (en) 2008-02-19 2011-04-19 Portaero, Inc. Aspirator and method for pneumostoma management
US8475389B2 (en) 2008-02-19 2013-07-02 Portaero, Inc. Methods and devices for assessment of pneumostoma function
US8474449B2 (en) 2008-02-19 2013-07-02 Portaero, Inc. Variable length pneumostoma management system for treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
US7909803B2 (en) 2008-02-19 2011-03-22 Portaero, Inc. Enhanced pneumostoma management device and methods for treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
US8491602B2 (en) 2008-02-19 2013-07-23 Portaero, Inc. Single-phase surgical procedure for creating a pneumostoma to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
US8347881B2 (en) 2009-01-08 2013-01-08 Portaero, Inc. Pneumostoma management device with integrated patency sensor and method
US8518053B2 (en) 2009-02-11 2013-08-27 Portaero, Inc. Surgical instruments for creating a pneumostoma and treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
US9173774B2 (en) 2010-03-26 2015-11-03 Optonol Ltd. Fluid drainage device, delivery device, and associated methods of use and manufacture
US10278806B2 (en) * 2017-02-27 2019-05-07 Baylor University Ureteral stent and method
US20180243073A1 (en) * 2017-02-27 2018-08-30 Baylor University Ureteral stent and method

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