US7283124B2 - Mouse scroll wheel module - Google Patents

Mouse scroll wheel module

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Publication number
US7283124B2
US7283124B2 US10901978 US90197804A US7283124B2 US 7283124 B2 US7283124 B2 US 7283124B2 US 10901978 US10901978 US 10901978 US 90197804 A US90197804 A US 90197804A US 7283124 B2 US7283124 B2 US 7283124B2
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US
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
left
right
part
scroll wheel
revolving
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active, expires
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US10901978
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US20060022944A1 (en )
Inventor
Min-Fang Pai
Original Assignee
Min-Fang Pai
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/03Arrangements for converting the position or the displacement of a member into a coded form
    • G06F3/033Pointing devices displaced or positioned by the user, e.g. mice, trackballs, pens or joysticks; Accessories therefor
    • G06F3/0362Pointing devices displaced or positioned by the user, e.g. mice, trackballs, pens or joysticks; Accessories therefor with detection of 1D translations or rotations of an operating part of the device, e.g. scroll wheels, sliders, knobs, rollers or belts
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/03Arrangements for converting the position or the displacement of a member into a coded form
    • G06F3/033Pointing devices displaced or positioned by the user, e.g. mice, trackballs, pens or joysticks; Accessories therefor
    • G06F3/0354Pointing devices displaced or positioned by the user, e.g. mice, trackballs, pens or joysticks; Accessories therefor with detection of 2D relative movements between the device, or an operating part thereof, and a plane or surface, e.g. 2D mice, trackballs, pens or pucks
    • G06F3/03543Mice or pucks
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/20Control lever and linkage systems
    • Y10T74/20012Multiple controlled elements
    • Y10T74/20201Control moves in two planes

Abstract

A mouse scroll wheel module includes a retention part, a holding part sitting on the retention part to swing from front to back and from left to right, a revolving part installed on the holding part, a mechanical revolving encoder to receive output of encoded electronic signals as the revolving part rotates, and a circuit board for controlling a middle switch and right and left switches, fixed between the retention part and the holding part. The holding part comprises a swing base and a holder that supports the swing base. With the support of the holding part, the scroll wheel of the revolving part is able to rotate and swing laterally, making the currently selected window on the screen to scroll in four directions: up, down, left or right.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

I. Field of the Invention

This invention relates generally to a computer mouse scroll wheel module and, more specifically, to a computer mouse module comprising a mechanical revolving encoder and a holding part, which consists of a swing base and a holder supporting the swing base. With the holding part, the scroll wheel of the revolving part is able to rotate and swing laterally so that the window on the screen can be scrolled up, down, left or right, accordingly.

II. Description of the Prior Art

Heretofore, it is known to construct a computer mouse to translate the motion of user's hand into signals that the computer can use. A computer mouse of such construction is typically used to move the cursor, point to a specific object on the screen, scroll up, down, left and right. A computer mouse of this kind usually has a scroll wheel or buttons for user to rotate or click by fingers. The rotation or click drives the components inside the mouse's body, and the movement of the components is to be translated into electronic signals sent to the computer.

Computer mice with the heretofore known scroll wheel or buttons have a variety of patented designs. Refer to Taiwanese patent publication No. 320302-“Third Input Axle In Computer Mice” (application No. 85208070), a scroll wheel can be rotated to provide input translated into scrolling up or down in the currently selected window on the screen. The scroll wheel can also be swayed up and down to switch between scrolling modes.

For Taiwanese patent publication No. 461548 (application No. 87208877) “Improved Structure Of A Third Input Axle In Computer Mice”, a scroll wheel has more functions than just rotating to provide input. The scroll wheel hangs on a set of pillars with a restricting horizontal shaft going through the scroll wheel. At one end of the restricting shaft is there a small wheel, which can be pressed down so that the restricting shaft bends and bounces back laterally like a fishing rod. As the scroll wheel is pressed down to bend, the small wheel at the end bends down simultaneously to reach the power switch. In other words, the scroll wheel is able to bend to trigger the device to send signals.

Refer to the “Improved Structure Of Key-Free Mouse” receiving Taiwanese patent publication No. 543872 (application No. 90204174), the “Key-Free Mouse” receiving Chinese publication No. CN2476843Y (patent No. ZL01207387.3) and the “Key-Free Mouse” “issued as U.S. Pat. No. 7,164,412”, all disclose the same structure of computer mouse, in which a pin and a slot are pivoted to form a revolving axle oriented perpendicular to the mouse surface. The mouse body can therefore be swayed left or right to produce signals as the buttons do.

The heretofore known computer mouse is typically designed to have a scroll wheel or buttons to sway in either the X direction or the Y direction, instead of having buttons to be pressed. Moreover, refer to the U.S. Patent application with publication No. 2003/0025673 A1—“Input Device Including A Wheel Assembly For Scrolling An Image In Multiple Directions”, the scroll wheel of the mouse has the technique of swaying in both X direction and Y direction as described in the above mentioned prior arts. Since these prior arts have elements and module designs different from each other, they can be patented separately.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

It is therefore a primary object of the invention to provide a simplified and easy-to-assemble computer mouse scroll wheel module that by applying a mechanical revolving encoder and a holding part comprising a swing base and a holder supporting the swing base, the scroll wheel of the revolving part is able to rotate and also sway laterally. The movement of the scroll wheel produces signals to be translated into scrolling up, down, left or right within the currently selected window on the screen.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The structure and the technical means adopted by the present invention to achieve the above and other objects can be best understood by referring to the following detailed description of the preferred embodiments and the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a scroll wheel module in accordance with the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the present invention;

FIG. 3 is an explosive view of the present invention;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of a swing base in accordance with the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a rear view of FIG. 4;

FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of a holder supporting a swing base in accordance with the present invention;

FIG. 7 is a rear view of FIG. 6;

FIG. 8 is top view of a mouse with the present invention;

FIG. 9 is a cross sectional view of FIG. 8 along the line C-C;

FIG. 10 is a perspective view of an embodiment of a mouse with present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFFERED EMBODIMENT

Referring to FIG. 3, FIG. 4 and FIG. 5, the present invention involves a computer mouse scroll wheel module, of which the components can be put together according to the fragmentary view drawn in FIG. 3. A circuit board 2 with a middle switch 3, right and left switches 4, 5 is set on the bottom cover (the retention part) 1. The circuit board 2 has a slot for accommodating the holding part, comprising a swing base 9 and a holder 6 supporting the swing base 9. At the front end of the swing base 9 is there a front shaft 91, and the rear a rear shaft 92. On the left side of the swing base 9 is there a left contact pin 94 extending outwards and the right side a right contact pin 95 extending outwards. In the rear bottom of the swing base 9 is there a traverse momentary stick 93. On both sides of the swing base 9 are there slots 96, 97 for holding the shaft of the scroll wheel. On one side of the swing base 9 is there an electric wire slot 98 for the mechanical revolving encoder 11.

Referring to FIG. 6 and FIG. 7, in the front and the back of the holder 6 that supports the swing base 9, there are slots 61, 62 for holding the front and rear shafts 91, 92. On the left and right sides of the holder 6 are there left and right cam-shafts 64, 65. At the back of the holder 6 is there a fixing slot of momentary spring 66. At the rear bottom of the holder 6 is there a middle contact pin 63.

The left and right cam-shafts 64, 65 of the holder 6 are installed in the holding slots on the two corresponding pillars 12 on the bottom cover 1. The front and rear shafts 91, 92 of the swing base 9 are seated respectively in the front and rear slots 61, 62 of the holder 6. The traverse momentary stick 93 on the swing base 9 inserts into the fixing slot of momentary spring 66 of the holder 6. Two momentary springs 7, 8 are set in the right and left fixing slots of momentary spring 66 respectively, and a traverse momentary stick 93 is inserted between these two momentary springs 7, 8. The left and right contact pins 94, 95 of the swing base 9 correspond to the left and right witches 4, 5 on the circuit board 2, and the middle contact pin 63 at the rear bottom of the holder 6 corresponds to the middle switch 3 on the circuit board 2.

A set of scroll wheel is installed in the swing base 9 and comprises a scroll wheel 10, a mechanical revolving encoder 11, a rubber wheel 13 and a bearing 14. The revolving encoder 11 is fixed to the central shaft of the scroll wheel 10. The bearing 14 is capped at the end of the central shaft, and the rubber wheel 13 covers the outer edge of the scroll wheel 10. The whole set of the scroll wheel is to be installed in the holding slots 96, 97 of the swing base 9. The wire for electrical terminal 11 a of the revolving encoder 11 is led from the electric wire slot 98 of the swing base 9. Finally, a top cap 15 covers on the swing base 9 to complete the installation of the computer mouse scroll wheel module.

Referring to FIG. 8, FIG. 9 and FIG. 10, the computer mouse comprises a scroll wheel module II installed inside the mouse's body I.

Refer to FIG. 1, FIG. 2, FIG. 3 and FIG. 10. As the scroll wheel 10 of the mouse module II is pushed in left or right direction, the swing base 9 sways in the same direction and makes the left/right contact pins 94/95 on the swing base 9 touch the left/right switches 4/5 on the circuit board 2, scrolling left or right within the currently selected window scrolls.

Since the traverse momentary stick 93 goes into the fixing slot of momentary spring 66 in the holder 6 and sits between the two momentary springs 7, 8, the swing base 9 in the holder 6 is swayed as the scroll wheel 10 is pushed in left or right direction. As the scroll wheel 10 is released, the swing base 9 resumes its position in the holder 6 with the force of the momentary springs 7, 8.

As the scroll wheel 10 is pressed down, the swing base 9 in the holder 6 descends along with the holder 6, leading the middle contact pin 63 at the bottom of the holder 6 to touch the middle switch 3 on the circuit board 2. The push of the scroll wheel 10 acts as the same function as the click of the third (center) button of the mouse. With rotation and push of the scroll wheel 10, the mouse is able to control the scrolling up or down within in the currently selected window.

While only one embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, it will be understood that various modifications and changes could be made there unto without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention disclosed.

Claims (2)

1. A computer mouse scroll wheel module comprising a retention part, a holding part sitting on the retention part to swing from front to back and from left to right, and a revolving part installed on the holding part; wherein the scroll wheel module having a mechanical revolving encoder to receive output of encoded electronic signals as the revolving part rotates, and a circuit board having a middle switch as well as left and right switches that is fixed between the retention part and the holding part; wherein the holding part having a swing base and a holder that supports the swing base; a front and a rear shafts of the swing base are disposed respectively in a front slot and rear slots of the holder; wherein a left cam-shaft and a right cam-shaft installed on the left and right sides of the holder are disposed in holding slots on two corresponding pillars on the retention part; wherein a left contact pin and a right contact pin extending outwards are disposed on left and right sides of the swing base while a middle contact pin is set at the rear bottom of the holder; the left and right contact pins correspond to the left and right switches on the circuit board while the middle contact pin corresponds to the middle switch on the circuit board; and a traverse momentary stick on rear bottom of the swing base inserts into the holder; wherein two momentary springs are set in the right and left fixing slots and the traverse momentary stick is inserted between these two momentary springs.
2. The computer mouse scroll wheel module as claimed in claim 1, wherein the revolving part having a scroll wheel, a rubber wheel and a bearing; the rubber wheel covers the outer edge of the scroll wheel while the bearing is capped at the end of a central shaft of the scroll wheel; the mechanical revolving encoder is disposed inside the scroll wheel to form a scroll wheel set that is installed in the holding slots on right and left sides of the swing base.
US10901978 2004-07-30 2004-07-30 Mouse scroll wheel module Active 2026-06-08 US7283124B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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US10901978 US7283124B2 (en) 2004-07-30 2004-07-30 Mouse scroll wheel module

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US10901978 US7283124B2 (en) 2004-07-30 2004-07-30 Mouse scroll wheel module

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070051597A1 (en) * 2005-09-05 2007-03-08 Alps Electric Co., Ltd. Switch device and steering switch device using the same
US20070159462A1 (en) * 2006-01-10 2007-07-12 Primax Electronics Ltd. Input device with tiltable scroll wheel module
US20080192010A1 (en) * 2007-02-09 2008-08-14 Primax Electronics Ltd. Tilt wheel type mouse
US20090160683A1 (en) * 2007-12-19 2009-06-25 Chi Mei Communication Systems, Inc. Portable electronic device with scroll wheel control module
US20090195519A1 (en) * 2008-02-04 2009-08-06 Chih-Rong Chou Image processing apparatus
US20100141582A1 (en) * 2008-12-05 2010-06-10 Primax Electronics Ltd. Slender wheel mouse
US20110037696A1 (en) * 2009-08-14 2011-02-17 Primax Electronics Ltd. Wheel mouse
US9811182B2 (en) 2012-09-14 2017-11-07 International Business Machines Corporation Slither sensor
US10073489B2 (en) 2015-09-21 2018-09-11 Deere & Company Rolling return to neutral depressable control

Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7443382B2 (en) * 2004-08-27 2008-10-28 Microsoft Corporation Scroll wheel carriage
DE102006045462A1 (en) * 2006-01-02 2007-07-05 Behavior Tech Computer Corp., Sijhih Scroll-wheel control module for computer mouse, has support base that supports pivoting arrangement, so that arrangement pivots on base, and key shaft coupled with arrangement and staying in contact with key switch, when arrangement pivots
JP2007287116A (en) * 2006-04-14 2007-11-01 Primax Electronics Ltd Roll function switching method
US20080068338A1 (en) * 2006-09-18 2008-03-20 Darfon Electronics Corp. Mouse device
JP2008130065A (en) * 2006-11-17 2008-06-05 Primax Electronics Ltd Encoder structure with tiltable roll
US7876306B2 (en) * 2007-01-19 2011-01-25 Primax Electronics Ltd. Mouse with tilt wheel encoding mechanism
US20090040239A1 (en) * 2007-08-07 2009-02-12 Skinner David N Graphic object translation system
US20090102817A1 (en) * 2007-10-17 2009-04-23 Microsoft Corporation User input device with flywheel for scrolling
US8035615B2 (en) * 2007-11-13 2011-10-11 Microsoft Corporation User input device with ring-shaped scroll wheel
US9007302B1 (en) 2011-11-11 2015-04-14 Benjamin D. Bandt-Horn Device and user interface for visualizing, navigating, and manipulating hierarchically structured information on host electronic devices

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040150623A1 (en) * 2001-04-30 2004-08-05 Microsoft Corporation Input device including a wheel assembly for scrolling an image in multiple directions
US6995747B2 (en) * 2001-09-07 2006-02-07 Microsoft Corporation Capacitive sensing and data input device power management

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040150623A1 (en) * 2001-04-30 2004-08-05 Microsoft Corporation Input device including a wheel assembly for scrolling an image in multiple directions
US6995747B2 (en) * 2001-09-07 2006-02-07 Microsoft Corporation Capacitive sensing and data input device power management

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070051597A1 (en) * 2005-09-05 2007-03-08 Alps Electric Co., Ltd. Switch device and steering switch device using the same
US7381912B2 (en) * 2005-09-05 2008-06-03 Alps Electric Co., Ltd. Switch device and steering switch device using the same
US20070159462A1 (en) * 2006-01-10 2007-07-12 Primax Electronics Ltd. Input device with tiltable scroll wheel module
US20080192010A1 (en) * 2007-02-09 2008-08-14 Primax Electronics Ltd. Tilt wheel type mouse
US20090160683A1 (en) * 2007-12-19 2009-06-25 Chi Mei Communication Systems, Inc. Portable electronic device with scroll wheel control module
US8094044B2 (en) * 2007-12-19 2012-01-10 Chi Mei Communication Systems, Inc. Portable electronic device with scroll wheel control module
US20090195519A1 (en) * 2008-02-04 2009-08-06 Chih-Rong Chou Image processing apparatus
US8169403B2 (en) * 2008-02-04 2012-05-01 Aiptek International Inc. Image processing apparatus
US20100141582A1 (en) * 2008-12-05 2010-06-10 Primax Electronics Ltd. Slender wheel mouse
US8081161B2 (en) * 2008-12-05 2011-12-20 Primax Electronics Ltd. Slender wheel mouse
US20110037696A1 (en) * 2009-08-14 2011-02-17 Primax Electronics Ltd. Wheel mouse
US9811182B2 (en) 2012-09-14 2017-11-07 International Business Machines Corporation Slither sensor
US10073489B2 (en) 2015-09-21 2018-09-11 Deere & Company Rolling return to neutral depressable control

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