US7214736B2 - Fluorochemical composition for treatment of a fibrous substrate - Google Patents

Fluorochemical composition for treatment of a fibrous substrate Download PDF

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US7214736B2
US7214736B2 US10444713 US44471303A US7214736B2 US 7214736 B2 US7214736 B2 US 7214736B2 US 10444713 US10444713 US 10444713 US 44471303 A US44471303 A US 44471303A US 7214736 B2 US7214736 B2 US 7214736B2
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cf
polyether
hfpo
fluorochemical
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Frans A. Audenaert
Rudolf J. Dams
Richard S. Buckanin
Cheryl L. S. Elsbernd
Chetan P. Jariwala
E. Steven McAlister
Pierre J. Vander Elst
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3M Innovative Properties Co
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3M Innovative Properties Co
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    • C08G18/282Alkanols, cycloalkanols or arylalkanols including terpenealcohols
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    • C08G18/30Low-molecular-weight compounds
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    • C08G18/3802Low-molecular-weight compounds having heteroatoms other than oxygen having halogens
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    • C08G18/30Low-molecular-weight compounds
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    • C08G18/30Low-molecular-weight compounds
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    • C08G18/78Nitrogen
    • C08G18/79Nitrogen characterised by the polyisocyanates used, these having groups formed by oligomerisation of isocyanates or isothiocyanates
    • C08G18/791Nitrogen characterised by the polyisocyanates used, these having groups formed by oligomerisation of isocyanates or isothiocyanates containing isocyanurate groups
    • C08G18/792Nitrogen characterised by the polyisocyanates used, these having groups formed by oligomerisation of isocyanates or isothiocyanates containing isocyanurate groups formed by oligomerisation of aliphatic and/or cycloaliphatic isocyanates or isothiocyanates
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS, OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M15/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment
    • D06M15/19Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment with synthetic macromolecular compounds
    • D06M15/37Macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D06M15/53Polyethers
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS, OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M15/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment
    • D06M15/19Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment with synthetic macromolecular compounds
    • D06M15/37Macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D06M15/564Polyureas, polyurethanes or other polymers having ureide or urethane links; Precondensation products forming them
    • D06M15/576Polyureas, polyurethanes or other polymers having ureide or urethane links; Precondensation products forming them containing fluorine
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T442/00Fabric [woven, knitted, or nonwoven textile or cloth, etc.]
    • Y10T442/10Scrim [e.g., open net or mesh, gauze, loose or open weave or knit, etc.]
    • Y10T442/102Woven scrim
    • Y10T442/172Coated or impregnated
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T442/00Fabric [woven, knitted, or nonwoven textile or cloth, etc.]
    • Y10T442/10Scrim [e.g., open net or mesh, gauze, loose or open weave or knit, etc.]
    • Y10T442/184Nonwoven scrim
    • Y10T442/198Coated or impregnated
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T442/00Fabric [woven, knitted, or nonwoven textile or cloth, etc.]
    • Y10T442/20Coated or impregnated woven, knit, or nonwoven fabric which is not [a] associated with another preformed layer or fiber layer or, [b] with respect to woven and knit, characterized, respectively, by a particular or differential weave or knit, wherein the coating or impregnation is neither a foamed material nor a free metal or alloy layer
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T442/00Fabric [woven, knitted, or nonwoven textile or cloth, etc.]
    • Y10T442/20Coated or impregnated woven, knit, or nonwoven fabric which is not [a] associated with another preformed layer or fiber layer or, [b] with respect to woven and knit, characterized, respectively, by a particular or differential weave or knit, wherein the coating or impregnation is neither a foamed material nor a free metal or alloy layer
    • Y10T442/2164Coating or impregnation specified as water repellent
    • Y10T442/2189Fluorocarbon containing

Abstract

Fluorochemical composition for rendering fibrous substrates oil repellent, water repellent, and/or stain or soil repellent. The composition comprises a dispersion or a solution of a fluorinated compound which comprises the reaction product of the following combination of reactants:
    • (i) a fluorinated polyether according to the formula:
      Rf—Q—Tk   (I)
    •  wherein Rf represents a monovalent perfluorinated polyether group having a molecular weight of at least 750 g/mol, Q represents a chemical bond or a divalent or trivalent organic linking group, T represents a functional group capable of reacting with an isocyanate and k is 1 or 2;
    • (ii) an isocyanate component selected from a polyisocyanate compound that has at least 3 isocyanate groups or a mixture of polyisocyanate compounds wherein the average number of isocyanate groups per molecule is more than 2; and
    • (iii) optionally one or more co-reactants capable of reacting with an isocyanate group.

Description

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

This application claims priority to U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 60/383,392, filed May 24, 2002.

1. FIELD OF INVENTION

The present invention relates to a fluorochemical composition for rendering fibrous substrates oil repellent, water repellent and/or stain or soil repellent. Additionally, the invention also relates to fluorochemical compositions for providing stain release or soil release properties to fibrous substrates. In particular, the present invention relates to fluorochemical compositions that contain a fluorinated polyether compound that can be obtained by reacting an isocyanate component with a particular isocyanate reactive fluorinated polyether compound. The invention further relates to a method of treating the fibrous substrate with the fluorochemical composition.

2. BACKGROUND

Compositions for making substrates, in particular fibrous substrates, such as textile, oil- and water repellent have been long known in the art. When treating fibrous substrates and in particular textile such as apparel, it is desired that the textile retains its look and feel as much as possible. Therefore, the composition should normally not contain components that would affect the look of the product, i.e. the treatment should be substantially invisible to the unaided human eye. Also, the feel of the substrate should preferably be substantially unaffected. Typically this means that only low amounts of the solids of the composition can be applied. Accordingly, an oil- and/or water repellent composition should be highly effective in rendering a substrate repellent.

Commercially available oil- and/or water repellent compositions are typically based on fluorinated compounds that have a perfluorinated aliphatic group. Such compositions are also described in for example U.S. Pat. No. 5,276,175 and EP 435 641. The commercial success of this type of composition can be attributed to their high effectiveness. Fluorinated compounds based on perfluorinated ether moieties have also been described in the prior art for rendering fibrous substrates oil- and/or water repellent. For example, perfluorinated polyether compounds have been disclosed in EP 1 038 919, EP 273 449, JP-A-04-146917, JP-A-10-081873, U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,536,710, 3,814,741, 3,553,179 and 3,446,761. It was found that previously disclosed compositions based on perfluorinated polyether compounds may not be very effective in rendering a fibrous substrate oil- and/or water repellent.

Accordingly, it is a desire to find fluorochemical compositions based on a perfluorinated polyether compound that can provide good to excellent oil- and/or water repellency properties to a fibrous substrate. Preferably, the fluorochemical composition is capable of providing durable oil- and/or water repellency properties to a fibrous substrate such that a treated fibrous substrate can substantially maintain the repellency properties even after several washing cycles. Preferably a fibrous substrate treated with the fluorochemical composition has a soft feel, preferably the feel of a treated fibrous substrate is either the same or softer compared to the untreated fibrous substrate. It is a further desire that the fluorochemical compositions can be easily and efficiently manufactured at a low cost. It is further desired to find compositions that have environmentally beneficial properties.

3. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention provides in one aspect a fluorochemical composition comprising a dispersion or a solution of a fluorinated compound, wherein said fluorinated compound comprises the reaction product of a combination of reactants comprising:

    • (i) a fluorinated polyether according to the formula:
      Rf—Q—Tk  (I)
    •  wherein Rf represents a monovalent perfluorinated polyether group having a molecular weight of at least 750 g/mol, Q represents a chemical bond or a divalent or trivalent organic linking group, T represents a functional group capable of reacting with an isocyanate and k is 1 or 2;
    • (ii) an isocyanate component selected from a polyisocyanate compound that has at least 3 isocyanate groups or a mixture of polyisocyanate compounds wherein the average number of isocyanate groups per molecule is more than 2; and
    • (iii) optionally one or more co-reactants capable of reacting with an isocyanate group.

The invention further provides a method of treatment of a fibrous substrate with the fluorochemical composition whereby oil- and/or water repellent properties are provided to the substrate. The fluorochemical composition of the present invention can provide good to excellent repellency properties to the substrate. Moreover, durable oil and/or water repellency properties can be obtained. The fluorochemical compositions may further provide soil repellency as well as soil or stain release properties. The term “soil and/or stain release” is used to mean that a treated substrate that becomes soiled or stained can be more easily cleaned in for example a home laundering than an untreated substrate that becomes soiled or stained. Soil/stain repellency on the other hand refers to the ability of the treated substrate to repel soil thereby reducing soiling or staining of the substrate.

Generally, the fibrous substrate will retain a soft feel after treatment with the fluorochemical composition. Furthermore, the fluorochemical composition is effective even at low levels of application and the repellency properties may be obtained without the need of a heat treatment step.

Also, the fluorochemical compositions of the present inventions are generally environmentally friendly in that compositions can be obtained that are substantially free of fluorochemical components that eliminate slowly from the body of living organisms. Moreover, it is believed that fluorochemical degradation products that may form likewise eliminate well from the body of living organisms. In particular, indications show that the fluorinated polyether compounds that have a perfluorinated polyether moiety having a molecular weight of at least 750 g/mol and perfluorinated polyether degradation products that may form therefrom would eliminate more effectively from the body of living organisms. In particular, there are indications that fluorinated polyether compounds having a fluorinated polyether moiety derivable from a polycondensation of hexafluoropropylene oxide and having a molecular weight of at least 750 g/mol would more effectively eliminate from the body of living organisms compared to long chain perfluoroaliphatic compounds.

4. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF ILLUSTRATIVE EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION

The fluorinated compound used in the fluorochemical composition is obtainable by reacting an isocyanate component and optional co-reactants with a fluorinated polyether according to formula (I) that has an isocyanate reactive group:
Rf—Q—Tk  (I)
wherein Rf represents a monovalent perfluorinated polyether group, Q represents a chemical bond or a divalent or trivalent non-fluorinated organic linking group, T represents a functional group capable of reacting with an isocyanate and k is 1 or 2.

The perfluorinated polyether moiety Rf of the fluorinated polyether of formula (I) preferably corresponds to the formula:
R1 f—O—Rf 2—(Rf 3)q—  (II)
wherein R1 f represents a perfluorinated alkyl group, Rf 2 represents a perfluorinated polyalkyleneoxy group consisting of perfluorinated alkyleneoxy groups having 1, 2, 3 or 4 carbon atoms or a mixture of such perfluorinated alkylene oxy groups, R3 f represents a perfluorinated alkylene group and q is 0 or 1. The perfluorinated alkyl group R1 f in formula (II) may be linear or branched and may comprise 1 to 10 carbon atoms, preferably 1 to 6 carbon atoms. A typical perfluorinated alkyl group is CF3—CF2—CF2—. R3 f is a linear or branched perfluorinated alkylene group that will typically have 1 to 6 carbon atoms. For example, R3 f is —CF2— or —CF(CF3)—. Examples of perfluoroalkylene oxy groups of perfluorinated polyalkyleneoxy group R2 f include:

—CF2—CF2—O—,

—CF(CF3)—CF2—O—,

—CF2—CF(CF3)—O—,

—CF2—CF2—CF2—O—,

—CF2—O—,

—CF(CF3)—O—, and

—CF2—CF2—CF2—CF2—O.

The perfluoroalkyleneoxy group may be comprised of the same perfluoroalkylene oxy units or of a mixture of different perfluoroalkylene oxy units. When the perfluoroalkyleneoxy group is composed of different perfluoroalkylene oxy units, they can be present in a random configuration, alternating configuration or they can be present as blocks. Typical examples of perfluorinated polyalkylene oxy groups include: —[CF2—CF2—O]r—; —[CF(CF3)—CF2—O]n—; —[CF2CF2—O]i—[CF2O]j— and —[CF2—CF2—O]l—[CF(CF3)—CF2—O]m—; wherein r is an integer of 4 to 25, n is an integer of 3 to 25 and i, l, m and j each are integers of 2 to 25. A preferred perfluorinated polyether group that corresponds to formula (II) is CF3—CF2—CF2—O—[CF(CF3)—CF2O]n—CF(CF3)— wherein n is an integer of 3 to 25. This perfluorinated polyether group has a molecular weight of 783 when n equals 3 and can be derived from an oligomerization of hexafluoropropylene oxide. Such perfluorinated polyether groups are preferred in particular because of their benign environmental properties.

Examples of linking groups Q include organic groups that comprise aromatic or aliphatic groups that may be interrupted by O, N or S and that may be substituted, alkylene groups, oxy groups, thio groups, urethane groups, carboxy groups, carbonyl groups, amido groups, oxyalkylene groups, thioalkylene groups, carboxyalkylene and/or an amidoalkylene groups. Examples of functional groups T include thiol, hydroxy and amino groups.

In a particular embodiment, the fluorinated polyether corresponds to the following formula (III):
Rf 1—[CF(CF3)—CF2O]n—CF(CF3)—A—Q1—Tk  (III)
wherein Rf 1 represents a perfluorinated alkyl group, e.g., a linear or branched perfluorinated alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, n is an integer of 3 to 25, A is a carbonyl group or CH2, Q1 is a chemical bond or an organic divalent or trivalent linking group for example as mentioned for the linking group Q above, k is 1 or 2 and T represents an isocyanate reactive group and each T may be the same or different. Particularly preferred compounds are those in which R1 f represents CF3CF2CF2—. In accordance with a particular embodiment, the moiety —A—Q1—Tk is a moiety of the formula —CO—X—Ra(OH)k wherein k is 1 or 2, X is O or NRb with Rb representing hydrogen or an alkyl group of 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and Ra is an alkylene of 1 to 15 carbon atoms.

Representative examples of the moiety —A—Q1—Tk in above formula (III) include:

    • 1. —CONRc—CH2CHOHCH2OH wherein Rc is hydrogen or an alkyl group of for example 1 to 4 carbon atoms;
    • 2. —CONH-1,4-dihydroxyphenyl;
    • 3. —CH2OCH2CHOHCH2OH;
    • 4. —COOCH2CHOHCH2OH; and
    • 5. —CONRd—(CH2)mOH where Rd is hydrogen or an alkyl group of 1 to 6 carbons and m is 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10 or 11.

Compounds according to formula (III) can for example be obtained by oligomerization of hexafluoropropylene oxide which results in a perfluoropolyether carbonyl fluoride. This carbonyl fluoride may be converted into an acid, ester or alcohol by reactions well known to those skilled in the art. The carbonyl fluoride or acid, ester or alcohol derived therefrom may then be reacted further to introduce the desired isocyanate reactive groups according to known procedures. For example, EP 870 778 describes suitable methods to produce compounds according to formula (III) having desired moieties —A—Q1—Tk. Compounds having group 1 listed above can be obtained by reacting the methyl ester derivative of a fluorinated polyether with 3-amino-2-hydroxy-propanol. Compounds having the group 5 listed above can be obtained in a similar way by reacting with an amino-alcohol that has only one hydroxy function. For example 2-aminoethanol would yield a compound having the group 5 listed above with Rd being hydrogen and m being 2.

Still further examples of compounds according to above formula (I) are disclosed in EP 870 778 or U.S. Pat. No. 3,536,710.

It will be evident to one skilled in the art that a mixture of fluorinated polyethers according to formula (I) may be used to prepare the fluorinated polyether compound of the fluorochemical composition. Generally, the method of making the fluorinated polyether according to formula (I) will result in a mixture of fluorinated polyethers that have different molecular weights and such a mixture can be used as such to prepare the fluorochemical component of the fluorochemical composition. In a preferred embodiment, such a mixture of fluorinated polyether compounds according to formula (I) is free of fluorinated polyether compounds having a perfluorinated polyether moiety having a molecular weight of less than 750 g/mol or alternatively the mixture contains fluorinated polyether compounds having a perfluorinated polyether moiety having a molecular weight of less than 750 g/mol in an amount of not more than 10% by weight relative to total weight of fluorinated polyether compounds, preferably not more than 5% by weight and most preferably not more than 1% by weight.

The isocyanate component for making the fluorinated compound of the fluorochemical composition is selected from a polyisocyanate having at least 3 isocyanate groups or a mixture of polyisocyanate compounds that on average has more than 2 isocyanate groups per molecule such as for example a mixture of a diisocyanate compound and a polyisocyanate compound having 3 or more isocyanate groups

The polyisocyanate compound may be aliphatic or aromatic and is conveniently a non-fluorinated compound. Generally, the molecular weight of the polyisocyanate compound will be not more than 1500 g/mol. Examples include hexamethylenediisocyanate, 2,2,4-trimethyl-1,6-hexamethylenediisocyanate, and 1,2-ethylenediisocyanate, dicyclohexylmethane-4,4′-diisocyanate, aliphatic triisocyanates such as 1,3,6-hexamethylenetriisocyanate, cyclic trimer of hexamethylenediisocyanate and cyclic trimer of isophorone diisocyanate (isocyanurates); aromatic polyisocyanate such as 4,4′-methylenediphenylenediisocyanate, 4,6-di-(trifluoromethyl)-1,3-benzene diisocyanate, 2,4-toluenediisocyanate, 2,6-toluene diisocyanate, o, m, and p-xylylene diisocyanate, 4,4′-diisocyanatodiphenylether, 3,3′-dichloro-4,4′-diisocyanatodiphenylmethane, 4,5′-diphenyldiisocyanate, 4,4′-diisocyanatodibenzyl, 3,3′-dimethoxy-4,4′-diisocyanatodiphenyl, 3,3′-dimethyl-4,4′-diisocyanatodiphenyl, 2,2′-dichloro-5,5′-dimethoxy-4,4′-diisocyanato diphenyl, 1,3-diisocyanatobenzene, 1,2-naphthylene diisocyanate, 4-chloro-1,2-naphthylene diisocyanate, 1,3-naphthylene diisocyanate, and 1,8-dinitro-2,7-naphthylene diisocyanate and aromatic triisocyanates such as polymethylenepolyphenylisocyanate. Still further isocyanates that can be used for preparing the fluorinated compound include alicyclic diisocyanates such as 3 -isocyanatomethyl-3,5,5-trimethylcyclohexylisocyanate; aromatic tri-isocyanates such as polymethylenepolyphenylisocyanate (PAPI); cyclic diisocyanates such as isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI). Also useful are isocyanates containing internal isocyanate-derived moieties such as biuret-containing tri-isocyanates such as that available from Bayer as DESMODUR™ N-100, isocyanurate-containing tri-isocyanates such as that available from Huls AG, Germany, as IPDI-1890, and azetedinedione-containing diisocyanates such as that available from Bayer as DESMODUR™ TT. Also, other di- or tri-isocyanates such as those available from Bayer as DESMODUR™ L and DESMODUR™ W, tri-(4 -isocyanatophenyl)-methane (available from Bayer as DESMODUR™ R) and DDI 1410 (available from Henkel) are suitable.

The optional coreactant typically comprises water or a non-fluorinated organic compound having one or more zerewitinoff hydrogen atoms. Examples include non-fluorinated organic compounds that have at least one or two functional groups that are capable of reacting with an isocyanate group. Such functional groups include hydroxy, amino and thiol groups. Examples of such organic compounds include aliphatic monofunctional alcohols, e.g., mono-alkanols having at least 1, preferably at least 6 carbon atoms, aliphatic monofunctional amines, a polyoxyalkylenes having 2, 3 or 4 carbon atoms in the oxyalkylene groups and having 1 or 2 groups having at least one zerewitinoff hydrogen atom, polyols including diols such as polyether diols, e.g., polytetramethylene glycol, polyester diols, dimer diols, fatty acid ester diols, polysiloxane diols and alkane diols such as ethylene glycol and polyamines.

Examples of monofunctional alcohols include methanol, ethanol, n-propyl alcohol, isopropyl alcohol, n-butyl alcohol, isobutyl alcohol, t-butyl alcohol, n-amyl alcohol, t-amyl alcohol, 2-ethylhexanol, glycidol and (iso)stearylalcohol.

Fatty ester diols are preferably diols that include an ester function derived from a fatty acid, preferably a fatty acid having at least 5 carbon atoms and more preferably at least 8 carbon atoms. Examples of fatty ester diols include glycerol mono-oleate, glycerol mono-stearate, glycerol mono-ricinoleate, glycerol mono-tallow, long chain alkyl di-esters of pentaerythritol having at least 5 carbon atoms in the alkyl group. Suitable fatty ester diols are commercially available under the brand RILANIT® from Henkel and examples include RILANIT® GMS, RILANIT® GMRO and RILANIT® HE.

Polysiloxane diols include polydialkylsiloxane diols and polyalkylarylsiloxane diols. The polymerization degree of the polysiloxane diol is preferably between 10 and 50 and more preferably between 10 and 30. Polysiloxane diols particularly include those that correspond to one of the following two formulas:

Figure US07214736-20070508-C00001

wherein R1 and R2 independently represent an alkylene having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8 and R9 independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms or an aryl group, La represents a trivalent linking group and m represents a value of 10 to 50. L is for example a linear or branched alkylene that may contain one or more catenary hetero atoms such as oxygen or nitrogen.

Further suitable diols include polyester diols. Examples include linear polyesters available under the brand UNIFLEX™ from Union Camp and polyesters derived from dimer acids or dimer diols. Dimer acids and dimer diols are well-known and are obtained by dimerisation of unsaturated acids or diols in particular of unsaturated long chain aliphatic acids or diols (e.g. at least 5 carbon atoms). Examples of polyesters obtainable from dimer acids and/or dimer diols are those available under the brand PRIPLAST from Uniqema, Gouda, Netherlands.

Dimer diols include those that are commercially available from Uniqema under the brand PRIPOL™ which are believed to have been obtained from dimerisation of unsaturated diols in particular of unsaturated long chain aliphatic diols (e.g., at least 5 carbon atoms).

According to a particularly preferred embodiment, the organic compound will include one or more water solubilising groups or groups capable of forming water solubilising groups so as to obtain a fluorinated compound that can more easily be dispersed in water. Additionally, by including water solubilising groups in the fluorinated compound, beneficial stain release properties may be obtained on the fibrous substrate. Suitable water solubilising groups include cationic, anionic and zwitter ionic groups as well as non-ionic water solubilising groups. Examples of ionic water solubilising groups include ammonium groups, phosphonium groups, sulfonium groups, carboxylates, sulfonates, phosphates, phosphonates or phosphinates. Examples of groups capable of forming a water solubilising group in water include groups that have the potential of being protonated in water such as amino groups, in particular tertiary amino groups. Particularly preferred organic compounds are those organic compounds that have only one or two functional groups capable of reacting with NCO-group and that further include a non-ionic water-solubilising group. Typical non-ionic water solubilising groups include polyoxyalkylene groups. Preferred polyoxyalkylene groups include those having 1 to 4 carbon atoms such as polyoxyethylene, polyoxypropylene, polyoxytetramethylene and copolymers thereof such as polymers having both oxyethylene and oxypropylene units. The polyoxyalkylene containing organic compound may include one or two functional groups such as hydroxy or amino groups. Examples of polyoxyalkylene containing compounds include alkyl ethers of polyglycols such as e.g. methyl or ethyl ether of polyethyleneglycol, hydroxy terminated methyl or ethyl ether of a random or block copolymer of ethyleneoxide and propyleneoxide, amino terminated methyl or ethyl ether of polyethyleneoxide, polyethylene glycol, polypropylene glycol, a hydroxy terminated copolymer (including a block copolymer) of ethyleneoxide and propylene oxide, a diamino terminated poly(alkylene oxide) such as JEFFAMINE™ ED, JEFFAMINE™ EDR-148 and poly(oxyalkylene) thiols.

Still further, the optional co-reactant may include an isocyanate blocking agent. The isocyanate blocking agent can be used alone or in combination with one or more other co-reactants described above. Isocyanate blocking agents are compounds that upon reaction with an isocyanate group yield a group that is uinreactive at room temperature with compounds that at room temperature normally react with an isocyanate but which group at elevated temperature reacts with isocyanate reactive compounds. Generally, at elevated temperature the blocking group will be released from the blocked (poly)isocyanate compound thereby generating the isocyanate group again which can then react with an isocyanate reactive group. Blocking agents and their mechanisms have been described in detail in “Blocked isocyanates III: Part. A, Mechanisms and chemistry” by Douglas Wicks and Zeno W. Wicks Jr., Progress in Organic Coatings, 36 (1999), pp. 14–172.

Preferred blocking agents include arylalcohols such as phenols, lactams such as ε-caprolactam, δ-valerolactam, γ-butyrolactam, oximes Such as formaldoxime, acetaldoxime, cyclohexanone oxime, acetophenone oxime, benzophenone oxime, 2-butanone oxime or diethyl glyoxime. Further suitable blocking agents include bisulfite and triazoles.

In accordance with a particular embodiment, a perflioroaliphatic group may be included in the fluorinated compound and the co-reactant may then comprise a perfluoroaliphatic compound having one or more isocyanate reactive groups. By “perfluoroaliphatic groups” is meant groups that consist of carbon and fluorine without however including perfluorinated end groups of the perfluorinated moiety. The perfluoroaliphatic group contains 3 to 18 carbon atoms but preferably has 3 to 6 carbon atoms, in particular a C4F9— group. By including perfluoroaliphatic groups, in particular C4F9— groups in the fluorinated polyether compound, one can improve the solubility and/or dispersibility of the fluorinated polyether compound in the fluorochemical composition. Preferred fluorinated co-reactants will correspond to the formula:
(Rf 4)x—L—Y  (IV)
wherein Rf 4 represents a perfluoroaliphatic group having 3 to 5 or 6 carbon atoms, L represents a non-fluorinated organic divalent or multi-valent linking group such as for example organic groups that comprise alkylene, carboxy, sulfonamido, carbonamido, oxy, alkyleneoxy, thio, alkylenethio and/or arylene. Y represents a functional group having a Zerewitinoff hydrogen such as for example hydroxy, amino or thiol and x is an integer of 1 to 20, for example between 2 and 10. According to a particular embodiment, Rf 4 is C4F9— and x is 1.

Compounds according to formula (IV) in which x is 2 or more can be conveniently prepared through the polymerization of a perfluoroaliphatic compound having a polymerizable group in the presence of a functionalized chain transfer agent. Examples of such polymerizable perfluoroaliphatic compounds include those according to the formula:
Rf 4—Q3—C(Rc)═CH2  (V)
wherein Rf 4 is a perfluoroaliphatic group of 3 to 5 or 6 carbon atoms, preferably C4F9—, Re is hydrogen or a lower alkyl of 1 to 4 carbon atoms and Q3 represents a non-fluorinated organic divalent linking group. The linking group Q3 links the perfluoroaliphatic group to the free radical polymerizable group. Linking group Q3 is generally non-fluorinated and preferably contains from 1 to about 20 carbon atoms. Q3 can optionally contain oxygen, nitrogen, or sulfur-containing groups or a combination thereof, and Q3 is free of functional groups that substantially interfere with free-radical polymerization (e.g., polymerizable olefinic double bonds, thiols, and other such functionality known to those skilled in the art). Examples of suitable linking groups Q3 include straight chain, branched chain or cyclic alkylene, arylene, aralkylene, sulfonyl, sulfoxy, sulfonamido, carbonamido, carbonyloxy, urethanylene, urecylene, and combinations thereof such as sulfonamidoalkylene.

Specific examples of fluorinated aliphatic group containing monomers include:

CF3CF2CF2CF2CH2CH2OCOCRd═CH2;

CF3(CF2)3CH2OCOCRd═CH2;

CF3(CF2)3SO2N(CH3)CH2CH2OCOCRd═CH2;

CF3(CF2)3SO2N(C2H5)CH2CH2OCOCRd═CH2;

CF3(CF2)3SO2N(CH3)CH2CH(CH3)OCOCRd═CH2;

(CF3)2CFCF2SO2N(CH3)CH2CH2OCOCRd═CH2; and

C6F13C2H4OOC—CRd═CH2

wherein Rd is hydrogen or methyl.

Examples of suitable chain transfer agents include compounds that have the general formula:
HS—Rh—A  (VI)
wherein Rh represents a non-fluorinated organic divalent linking group or a chemical bond and A represents a functional group that has a Zerewitinoff hydrogen atom. Examples of functional groups A include amino groups, hydroxy and acid groups. Specific examples of functional chain transfer agents include 2-mereaptoethanol, mercaptoacetic acid, 2-mercaptobenzoic acid, 3-mercapto-2-butanol, 2-mereaptosulfonic acid, 2-mercaptoethylsulfide, 2-mercaptonicotinic acid, 4-hydroxythiophenol, 3-mercapto-1,2-propanediol, 1-mercapto-2-propanol, 2-mercaptopropionic acid, N-(2-mereaptopropionyl)glycine, 2-mercaptopyridinol, mercaptosuccinic acid, 2,3-dimercaptopropanesulfonic acid, 2,3-dimercaptopropanol, 2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid, 2,5-dimercapto-1,3,4-thiadiazole, 3,4-toluenedithiol, o-, m-, and p-thiocresol, 2-mercaptoethylamine, ethylcyclohexanedithiol, p-menthane-2,9-dithiol and 1,2-ethanedithiol. Preferred functionalized end-capping agents include 2-mercaptoethanol, 3-mercapto-1,2-propanediol, 4-mercaptobutanol, 11-mercaptoundecanol, mercaptoacetic acid, 3-mercaptopropionic acid, 12-mereaptododecanoic acid, 2-mercaptoethylamine, 1-chloro-6-mercapto-4-oxahexan-2-ol, 2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid, 2,3-dimercaptopropanol, 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane, 2-clloroethanethiol, 2-amino-3-mercaptopropionic acid, and compounds such as the adduct of 2-mercaptoethylamine and caprolactam.

Specific examples of perfluoroaliphatic coreactants include:

C4F9—SO2NR—CH2CH2OH;

C4F9—SO2NR—CH2CH2—O—[CH2CH2O]tOH wherein t is 1 to 5;

C4F9SO2NRCH2CH2CH2NH2;

C4F9—SO2NR—CH2CH2SH;

C4F9—SO2N—(CH2CH2OH)2; and

C4F9—SO2NR—CH2CH2O(CH2)sOH wherein s is 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10 or 11

wherein R is hydrogen or a lower alkyl of 1 to 4 carbons such as methyl, ethyl and propyl.

The condensation reaction to prepare the fluorinated compound of the fluorochemical composition can be carried out under conventional conditions well-known to those skilled in the art. Preferably the reaction is run in the presence of a catalyst and typically, the reaction will be carried out such that all isocyanate groups have been reacted and the obtained reaction product is free of isocyanate groups. Suitable catalysts include tin salts such as dibutyltin dilaurate, stannous octanoate, stannous oleate, tin dibutyldi-(2-ethyl hexanoate), stannous chloride; and others known to those skilled in the art. The amount of catalyst present will depend on the particular reaction, and thus it is not practical to recite particular preferred concentrations. Generally, however, suitable catalyst concentrations are from about 0.001 percent to about 10 percent, preferably about 0.1 percent to about 5 percent, by weight based on the total weight of the reactants. The condensation reaction is preferably carried out under dry conditions in a common organic solvent that does not contain Zerewitinoff hydrogens such as ethyl acetate, acetone, methyl isobutyl ketone, toluene and fluorinated solvents such hydrofluoroethers and trifluorotoluene. Suitable reaction temperatures will be easily determined by those skilled in the art based on the particular reagents, solvents, and catalysts being used. While it is not practical to enumerate particular temperatures suitable for all situations, generally suitable temperatures are between about room temperature and about 120° C.

Generally the reaction is carried out such that between 1 and 100% of the isocyanate groups of the polyisocyanate compound or mixture of polyisocyanate compounds is reacted with the perfluorinated polyether compound according to formula (I). Preferably between 5 and 60% and more preferably 10% to 50% of the isocyanate groups is reacted with the perfluorinated polyether compound and the remainder is reacted with one or more co-reactants as described above. An especially preferred fluorinated compound is obtained by reacting 10 to 30% of the isocyanate groups with the perfluorinated polyether compound according to formula (I), between 90 and 30% of the isocyanate groups with an isocyanate blocking agent and between 0 and 40% of the isocyanate groups with water or a non-fluorinated organic compound other than an isocyanate blocking agent.

The fluorinated compound of the fluorochemical composition typically will have a molecular weight such that it is readily dissolved or dispersed in water or an organic solvent. Generally, the molecular weight of the fluorinated compound is not more than 100,000 g/mol, preferably not more than 50,000 g/mol with a typical range being between 1500 g/mol and 15,000 g/mol or between 1500 g/mol and 5,000 g/mol. When a mixture of fluorinated compounds is used, the aforementioned molecular weights represent weight average molecular weights.

The fluorochemical composition comprises a dispersion or solution of the fluorinated compound in water or an organic solvent. The term “dispersion” in connection with this invention includes dispersions of a solid in a liquid as well as liquid in liquid dispersions, which are also called emulsions. Generally, the amount of fluorinated compound contained in the treating composition is between 0.01 and 4% by weight, preferably between 0.05 and 3% by weight based on the total weight of the fluorochemical composition. Higher amounts of fluorinated compound of more than 4% by weight, for example up to 10% by weight may be used as well, particularly if the uptake of the fluorochemical composition by the substrate is low. Generally, the fluorochemical treating composition will be prepared by diluting a more concentrated fluorochemical composition to the desired level of fluorinated compound in the treating composition. The concentrated fluorochemical composition can contain the fluorinated compound in an amount of up to 70% by weight, typically between 10% by weight and 50% by weight.

When the fluorochemical composition is in the form of a dispersion in water or an organic solvent, the weight average particle size of the fluorinated compound particles is preferably not more than 400 nm, more preferably is not more than 300 nm.

Most preferably, the fluorochemical composition is an aqueous dispersion of the fluorinated compound. Such dispersion may be non-ionic, anionic, cationic or zwitterionic. The dispersion is preferably stabilised using non-fluorinated surfactants, such as non-ionic polyoxyalkylene, in particular polyoxyethylene surfactants, anionic non-fluorinated surfactants, cationic non-fluorinated surfactants and zwitterionic non-fluorinated surfactants. Specific examples of non-fluorinated surfactants that can be used are nonionic types such as EMULSOGEN™ EPN 207 (Clariant) and TWEEN™ 80 (ICI), anionic types such as lauryl sulfate and sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate, cationic types such as ARQUAD™ T-50 (Akzo), ETHOQUAD™ 18-25 (Akzo) or amphoteric types such as lauryl amineoxide and cocamido propyl betaine. The non-fluorinated surfactant is preferably present in an amount of about 1 to about 25 parts by weight, preferably about 2 to about 10 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of the fluorochemical composition.

Alternatively, a solution or dispersion of the fluorinated compound in an organic solvent can be used as the fluorochemical treating composition. Suitable organic solvents include alcohols such as isopropanol, methoxy propanol and t.butanol, ketones such as isobutyl methyl ketone and methyl ethylketone, ethers such as isopropylether, esters such ethylacetate, butylacetate or methoxypropanol acetate or (partially) fluorinated solvents such as HCFC-141b, HFC-4310mee and hydrofluoroethers such as HFE-7100 or HFE-7200 available from 3M Company.

The fluorochemical composition may contain further additives such as buffering agent, agents to impart fire proofing or antistatic properties, fungicidal agents, optical bleaching agents, sequestering agents, mineral salts and swelling agents to promote penetration. In a particular embodiment, the fluorochemical composition may contain additionally a non-fluorinated organic compound, wherein the non-fluorinated organic compound is capable of improving relative to the fluorochemical composition without the non-fluorinated organic compound, the oil repellency or water repellency that can be achieved by the fluorochemical composition on a fibrous substrate or the durability of one or both of the repellency properties. Such non-fluorinated organic compounds are sometimes called extenders. Suitable extenders for use in the fluorochemical composition include non-fluorinated organic compounds that have one or more blocked isocyanate groups, so called blocked isocyanate compounds, or a carbodiimide compound. Preferred blocked isocyanate extenders are blocked polyisocyanates that at a temperature of less than 150° C. are capable of reacting with an isocyanate reactive group, preferably through deblocking of the blocking agent at elevated temperature. Preferred blocking agents include arylalcohols such as phenols, lactams such as ε-caprolactam, δ-valerolactam, γ-butyrolactam, oximes such as formaldoxime, acetaldoxime, methyl ethyl ketone oxime, cyclohexanone oxime, acetophenone oxime, benzophenone oxime, 2-butanone oxime or diethyl glyoxime. Further suitable blocking agents include bisulfite and triazoles.

According to a particular embodiment of the invention, the blocked polyisocyanate may comprise the condensation product of a polyisocyanate, for example a di- or triisocyanate, a blocking agent and a non-fluorinated organic compound other than the blocking agent and having one or more isocyanate reactive groups such as a hydroxy, amino or thiol group. Examples of such non-fluorinated organic compounds other than the blocking agent include those described above as optional co-reactant in the preparation of the fluorinated compound.

The carbodiimide compound can be an aromatic or aliphatic carbodiimide compound and may include a polycarbodiimide. Carbodiimides that can be used have been described in for example U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,668,726, 4,215,205, 4,024,178, 3,896,251, WO 93/22282, U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,132,028, 5,817,249, 4,977,219, 4,587,301, 4,487,964, 3,755,242 and 3,450,562. Particularly suitable carbodiimides for use in this invention include those corresponding to the formula (VII):
R1—[N═C═N—R3]u—N═C═N—R2  (VII)
wherein u has a value of 1 to 20, typically 1 or 2, R1 and R2 each independently represent a hydrocarbon group, in particular a linear, branched or cyclic aliphatic group preferably having 6 to 18 carbon atoms and R3 represents a divalent linear, branched or cyclic aliphatic group.

The aliphatic carbodiimide extenders of formula VII can be synthesized in a 1-step process by reacting aliphatic diisocyanates with an aliphatic mono-isocyanate as a chain terminator at 130 to 170° C. in the presence of a phospholine oxide or other suitable carbodiimide formation catalyst. Preferably the reaction is carried out in the absence of solvents under inert atmosphere, but high-boiling non-reactive solvents such as methyl isobutyl ketone can be added as diluents. The mole ratio of diisocyanate to mono-isocyanate can be varied from 0.5 to 10, preferably 1 to 5.

Examples of aliphatic diisocyanates for the preparation of the carbodiimide compounds of formula (VII) include isophorone diisocyanate, dimer diacid diisocyanate, 4,4′ dicyclohexyl methane diisocyanate. Examples of mono-isocyanates are n.butyl isocyanate and octadecyl isocyanate. Representative examples of suitable carbodiimide formation catalysts are described in e.g.; U.S. Pat. Nos. 2,941,988, 3,862,989 and 3,896,251. Examples include 1-ethyl-3-phospholine, 1-ethyl-3-methyl-3-phospholine-1-oxide, 3-methyl-1-phenyl-3-phospholine-1-oxide and bicyclic terpene alkyl or hydrocarbyl aryl phosphine oxide. The particular amount of catalyst used depends on the reactivity of the catalyst and the isocyanates being used. A concentration of 0.2 to 5 parts of catalyst per 100 g of diisocyanate is suitable.

In an alternative approach the aliphatic diisocyanates can be first reacted with monofunctional alcohols, amines or thiols followed by carbodiimide formation in a second step.

The fluorochemical composition may contain also further fluorochemical compounds other than the fluorinated compound comprising the reaction product as described above. For example, the fluorochemical composition may contain fluorochemical compounds that are based on or derived from perfluoroaliphatic compounds. Nevertheless, it is not necessary to include such compounds in the fluorochemical composition. Also, if perfluoroaliphatic based compounds are included in the composition, they are preferably compounds based on short chain perfluoroaliphatics such as compounds containing C4F9— groups.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the fluorochemical composition will be free of or substantially free of perfluorinated polyether moieties having a molecular weight of less than 750 g/mol and/or perfluoroaliphatic groups of more than 5 or 6 carbons. By the term “perfluoroaliphatic groups” is meant groups consisting of carbon and fluorine without including perfluorinated end groups of the perfluorinated polyether moieties. By the term “substantially free” of is meant that the particular perfluorinated polyether moieties are present in amounts of not more than 10% by weight, preferably not more than 5% by weight and most preferably not more than 1% by weight based on the total weight of perfluorinated polyether moieties in the composition and that the particular perfluoroaliphatic groups having more than 5 or 6 carbons are present in amounts of not more than 10% by weight, preferably not more than 5% by weight and most preferably not more than 1% by weight based on the total weight of perfluoroaliphatic groups in the composition. Compositions that are free of or substantially free of these moieties or groups are preferred because of their beneficial environmental properties.

In order to affect treatment of the fibrous substrate the fibrous substrate is contacted with the fluorochemical composition of the invention. For example, the substrate can be immersed in the fluorochemical treating composition. The treated substrate can then be run through a padder/roller to remove excess fluorochemical composition and dried. The treated substrate may be dried at room temperature by leaving it in air or may alternatively or additionally be subjected to a heat treatment, for example, in an oven. This heat treatment is typically carried out at temperatures between about 50° C. and about 190° C. depending on the particular system or application method used. In general, a temperature of about 120° C. to 170° C., in particular of about 150° C. to about 170° C. for a period of about 20 seconds to 10 minutes, preferably 3 to 5 minutes, is suitable. Alternatively, the chemical composition can be applied by spraying the composition on the fibrous substrate.

It was found that with fluorochemical compositions of this invention, good to excellent oil, water repellent properties and/or stain release properties on the fibrous substrate can be achieved. Moreover, these properties can be achieved without subjecting the fibrous substrate to a heat treatment (i.e., the properties can be achieved upon air drying the fibrous substrate after the application of the composition). Also, it was observed that the repellency properties are durable, i.e., even after several washing or dry cleaning cycles, the repellency properties can be substantially maintained. The compositions furthermore in many instances do not negatively affect the soft feel of the fibrous substrates or may even improve the soft feel of the fibrous substrate.

The amount of the treating composition applied to the fibrous substrate is chosen so that a sufficiently high level of the desired properties are imparted to the substrate surface preferably without substantially affecting the look and feel of the treated substrate. Such amount is usually such that the resulting amount of the fluoropolymer on the treated fibrous substrate will be between 0.05% and 3% by weight, preferably between 0.2 and 1% by weight based on the weight of the fibrous substrate. The amount which is sufficient to impart desired properties can be determined empirically and can be increased as necessary or desired. According to a particularly preferred embodiment, the treatment is carried out with a composition and under conditions such that the total amount of perfluorinated polyether groups having a molecular weight of less than 750 g/mol and/or perfluoroaliphatic groups of more than 6 carbon atoms is not more than 0.1%, preferably not more than 0.05% by weight based on the weight of the fibrous substrate.

Fibrous substrates that can be treated with the fluorochemical composition include in particular textile and carpet. The fibrous substrate may be based on synthetic fibers, e.g., polyester, polyamide and polyacrylate fibers or natural fibers, e.g., cellulose fibers as well as mixtures thereof. The fibrous substrate may be a woven as well as a non-woven substrate.

The invention will now be further illustrated with reference to the following examples without the intention to limit the invention thereto. All parts and percentages are by weight unless stated otherwise.

EXAMPLES

Formulation and Treatment Procedure for Textile Substrates:

Treatment baths were formulated containing a defined amount of the fluorochemical polymer. Treatments were applied to the test substrates by padding to provide a concentration as indicated in the examples (based on fabric weight and indicated as SOF (solids on fabric)). Samples were air dried at ambient temperature for 24–48 hours followed by conditioning at 21° C. and 50% relative humidity for 2 hours (air cure). Alternatively, the samples were dried and cured at 160° C. during 1.5 minutes or at 150° C. during 10 minutes, as indicated in the examples.

After drying and heat cure, the substrates were tested for their repellency properties.

Formulation and Treatment Procedure for Carpet:

Treatment baths were formulated containing a defined amount of the fluorochemical compound. Treatments were applied to carpet by spray application to provide 30% wet pick up (WPU). Treated samples were dried at 120° C. during 15–20 min. After drying, the treated carpet substrates were tested for their repellency properties.

Substrates used for the evaluation of treatments of this invention were commercially available and are listed below:

    • IND: “Imported Nexday Twill” 100% ring spun cotton, dyed unfinished from Avondale mills in Graniteville S.C., USA;
    • SHIPP: “Super Hippagator” 100% ring/OE spun cotton, dyed unfinished from Avondale Mills in Graniteville S.C., USA;
    • PES/Co (2681.4): polyester/cotton 65/35 fabric, style no. 2681.4, available from Utexbel N.V., Ronse, Belgium;
    • PAμ (7819.4): 100% polyamide microfiber, style no. 7819.4, available from Sofinal, Belgium;
    • Co (1511.1): 100% cotton: bleached, mercerized cotton poplin, style no. 1511.1, available from Utexbel N.V., Ronse, Belgium;
    • PESμ (6145.3): 100% polyester microfiber, style no. 6145.3, available from Sofinal, Belgium;
    • Reeve: 50/50 polyester cotton; available from Reeve, Bishopville, N.C.;
    • NS1: white polyamide carpet (level loop), 500 g/m2, available from Associated Weavers, Belgium; and
    • NS2: white polyamide carpet (cut pile), 700 g/m2, available from Associated Weavers, Belgium.

Respective data of water and oil repellency shown in the Examples and Comparative Examples were based on the following methods of measurement and evaluation criteria:

Spray Rating (SR)

The spray rating of a treated substrate is a value indicative of the dynamic repellency of the treated substrate to water that impinges on the treated substrate. The repellency was measured by Standard Test Number 22, published in the 1985 Technical Manual and Yearbook of the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists (AATCC), and was expressed in terms of ‘spray rating’ of the tested substrate. The spray rating was obtained by spraying 250 ml water on the substrate from a height of 15 cm. The wetting pattern was visually rated using a 0 to 100 scale, where 0 means complete wetting and 100 means no wetting at all.

Water Repellency Test (WR)

The water repellency (WR) of a substrate was measured using a series of waterisopropyl alcohol test liquids and was expressed in terms of the “WR” rating of the treated substrate. The WR rating corresponded to the most penetrating test liquid that did not penetrate or wet the substrate surface after 10 seconds exposure. Substrates which were penetrated by 100% water (0% isopropyl alcohol), the least penetrating test liquid, were given a rating of 0; substrates resistant to 100% water were given a rating W and substrates resistant to 100% isopropyl alcohol (0% water), the most penetrating test liquid, were given a rating of 10. Other intermediate ratings were calculated by dividing the percent isopropylalcohol in the test liquid by 10, e.g., a treated substrate resistant to a 70%/30% isopropyl alcohol/water blend, but not to an 80%/20% blend, would be given a rating of 7.

Oil Repellency (OR)

The oil repellency of a substrate was measured by the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists (AATCC) Standard Test Method No. 118-1983, which test was based on the resistance of a treated substrate to penetration by oils of varying surface tensions. Treated substrates resistant only to NUJOL® mineral oil (the least penetrating of the test oils) were given a rating of 1, whereas treated substrates resistant to heptane (the most penetrating of the test liquids) were given a rating of 8. Other intermediate values were determined by use of other pure oils or mixtures of oils, as shown in the following table.

Standard Test Liquids
AATCC Oil Repellency
Rating Number Compositions
1 NUJOL ®
2 NUJOL ®/n-Hexadecane 65/35
3 n-Hexadecane
4 n-Tetradecane
5 n-Dodecane
6 n-Decane
7 n-Octane
8 n-Heptane

Bundesmann Test

The impregnating effect of rain on treated substrates was determined using the Bundesmann Test Method (DIN 53888).

In this test, the treated substrates were subjected to a simulated rainfall, while the back of the substrate was being rubbed. The appearance of the upper exposed surface was checked visually after 1, 5 and 10 minutes and was given a rating between 1 (complete surface wetting) and 5 (no water remained on the surface). Besides the observation of the wetting pattern, also the water absorption (% abs) was measured. Well treated samples gave low absorption results.

Laundering Procedure 1 (HL Ironing)

The procedure set forth below was used to prepare treated substrate samples designated in the examples below as “5 Home Launderings—Ironing (5HL—Ironing)”. A sheet of treated substrate (generally square 400 cm2 to about 900 cm 2) was placed in a washing machine (Miele W 724) along with a ballast sample (at least 1.4 kg of 90×90 cm2 hemmed pieces of approximately 250 g/m unfinished sheeting substrate, either cotton or. 50/50 polyester/cotton, available from Test Fabrics, Inc., New Jersey, USA). The total weight of the treated substrates and ballast should be 1.8+/−0.2 kg. 60 g IEC Test Detergent with perborate, Type I (available through common detergent suppliers) was added and the washer was filled with 30 l water. The water was heated to 40° C.+/−3° C. The substrate and ballast load were washed 5 times, followed by five rinse cycles and centrifuging. The samples were not dried between repeat cycles. After the washes, the treated substrate and dummy load were dried together in a dryer at 65° C., for 45+−5 minutes. After drying, the treated substrate was pressed for 15 seconds, using an iron set at a temperature of 150–160° C.

Laundering Procedure 2 (HL)

The procedure set forth below was used to prepare treated substrate samples designated in the examples below as “5 Home Launderings (5HL)”

A 230 g sample of generally square, 400 cm2 to about 900 Cm2 sheets of treated substrate was placed in a washing machine along with a ballast sample (1.9 kg of 8 oz fabric in the form of generally square, hemmed 8100 cm2 sheets). A commercial detergent (“Tide Ultra Liquid” deep cleaning formula, available from Proctor and Gamble, 90 g) was added and the washer was filled to high water level with hot water (41° C.+−2° C.). The substrate and ballast load were washed five times using a 12-minute normal wash cycle.

The substrate and ballast were dried together in a conventional tumble drier at 65+−5° C. during 45+−5 minutes. Before testing, the substrates were conditioned at room temperature during about 4 hours.

10 HL (10 Home Launderings) or 20 HL (20 Home Launderings) indicated that the substrate was washed 10 or 20 times respectively according to the procedure above.

Accelerated Dry Soil Test (ADS)

The accelerated dry soil test measures the tendency of a substrate to resist dry soil during use. A total of four treated samples, sized 14 cm×17 cm were soiled in an Accelerated Soil Tester (available from Custom Scientific Instrument, New Jersey), filled with 60 steel balls (1.27 cm diameter), using 3M Standard Carpet Dry Soil (available from 3M, Order No. SPS-2001) during a ten minute run. After removal of the samples from the soil tester, the excess soil was removed by blowing with compressed air. Evaluations were made by comparing to a 3M Soil Resistance Rating Board (available from 3M, Order No. SPS-1006) in an “Evaluation Area” (as indicated in AATCC Test Method 124-1984) with an “Overhead Lighting Arrangement” (as indicated in AATCC Test Method 124-1984, section 4.3 and fig 1). A dry soil rating of 5 indicated that there was no increase in soiling versus a blank, a dry soil rating of 1 refers to severe soiling.

Stain Release Test

This test evaluates the release of forced-in oil-based stains from the treated fabric surface during simulated home laundering. Five drops of mineral oil, Stain K (Kaydol, Witco Chemical Co.) are dropped onto the fabric surface in a single puddle, and a separate puddle of 5 drops of MAZOLA™ corn oil, Stain E, are dropped on the fabric, and in a third puddle, 5 drops of dirty motor oil, Strain C, (3M Co.) are dropped onto the fabric. The puddles are covered with glassine paper, and weighted with a five-pound weight each for 60 seconds. The weights and glassine paper are removed from the fabric. The fabric sample is hung for 15–60 minutes, and then washed and dried. Samples are devaluated against a rating board, and assigned a number from 1 to 8. An 8 represents total removal of the stain, where 1 is a very dark stain. A more detailed description of the test is written in the 3M Protective Material Division's “Stain Release Test I” method (Document # 98–0212–0725–7).

Glossary

Descriptor Formula/Structure Availability
AC-600 FLUOWET ™ AC-600; Clariant, Charlotte, NC
C6F13C2H4O2CCH═CH2
AIBN Azobisisobutyronitrile Sigma-Aldrich,
Milwaukee, WI
ARQUAD ™ dodecyl trimethyl ammonium chloride Akzo, Netherlands
12–50
DBTDL Dibutyl tin dilaurate Sigma-Aldrich
DDI 1410 dimer diisocyanate Henkel, Düsseldorf,
Germany
Des N-100 DESMODUR ™ N 100; Polyfunctional Bayer, Pittsburgh. PA
isocyanate resin based on hexamethylene
diisocyanate; eq wt = 191; -
NCOavg/molecule > 3.0
Des N-3300 DESMODUR ™ N 3300; Polyfunctional Bayer
isocyanate resin based on hexamethylene
diisocyanate; eq wt = 194; -
NCOavg/molecule > 3.0
Des W DESMODUR ™ W; methylene bis(4- Bayer
cyclohexyl isocyanate)
EA-600 FLUOWET ™ EA-600; C6F13C2H4OH Clariant, Charlotte,
NC
Sermul ™ EA C13-alcohol polyethylene glycol ether Sasol, Germany
266 (15EO) sulphate, Na salt
ETHOQUAD ™ methyl polyoxyethylene(15)octadecyl Akzo
18/25 ammonium chloride
FBSEE C4F9SO2N(CH2CH2OH)2
FLUOWET ™ CnF2n+1CH2CH2OH (navg~9) Clariant
EA 812
GMS Glycerol monostearate Acme-Hardesty,
Santa Barbara, CA
HFE-7100 Perfluorobutyl methyl ether 3M, St Paul, MN
Isofol 18T 2-alkylalkanol Condea, Germany
IPDI Isophorone diisocyanate Merck KGaA,
Darmstadt, Germany
MPEG-750 methoxypolyethylene glycol (MW 750) Union Carbide,
Danbury, CT
MEKO CH3C(═NOH)C2H5 Sigma-Aldrich
MIBK Methyl isobutyl ketone; 4-methyl-2- Sigma-Aldrich
pentanone
MONDUR ™ Aromatic polymeric isocyanate based on Bayer
MR diphenylmethane-diisocyanate
ODI Octadecyl isocyanate; CH3(CH2)17NCO Sigma-Aldrich
PAPI VORANATE ™ M220: polymethylene Dow Chemical,
polyphenyl isocyanate Midland, MI
Poly(styrene- [CH2CH(C6H5)]x[CH2CH(CH2OH)]y Sigma-Aldrich
co-allyl alcohol) Mn = 1200, MWavg = 2200
Rewopon ™ imidazoline type surfactant Rewo
IM/OA
TOLONATE ® Tris(6-isocyanatohexyl)isocyanurate Rhodia
HDT
UNILIN ™ 350 Polyethylene alcohol; MWavg = 350 Baker, Petrolite;
Tulsa, OK

  • (HFPO)k-alc: HFPO oligomer alcohols, CF3CF2CF2—O—(CF(CF3)CF2O)nCF(CF3)CONHCH2CH2OH, consisting of a mixture of oligomers with different chain lengths. The indexes k and n are indicative of the mathematical average of the number of repeating HFPO-units and k=n+2. The percentage of oligomeric alcohols with a fluorinated polyether group having a molecular weight lower than 750 g/mol was 3.2% for (HFPO)11.5-alc, 0% for (HFPO)10.7-alc and (HFPO)9.7-alc; 5.7% for (HFPO)8.8-alc and 15.9% for (HFPO)5.5-alc.
  • (HFPO)k-diol: HFPO oligomer diol, CF3CF2CF2—O—(CF(CF3)CF2O)nCF(CF3)CONHCH2CH(OH)CH2OH, consisting of a mixture of oligomers with different chain lengths. The indexes k and n are indicative of the mathematical average of the number of repeating HFPO-units and k=n+2. The percentage of oligomeric alcohols with a fluorinated polyether group having a molecular weight lower than 750 g/mol was 5.7% for (HFPO)8.8-diol.
  • MeFBSE: C4F9SO2N(CH3)CH2CH2OH, can be prepared according to WO 01/30873, Ex 2 Part A.
  • FBSEE: C4F9SO2N(CH2CH2OH)2
  • MeFBSEA: C4F9SO2N(CH3)CH2CH2OC(O)CH═CH2, can be prepared according to WO 01/30873, Ex 2 Part A & B.
  • (4-1)MeFBSEA-ol: oligomer alcohol MeFBSEA/2-mercaptoethanol 4/1, prepared according to U.S. Pat. No. 6,239,247 B1, column 12, lines 50–59.
  • (4-1)MeFBSEA-diol: oligomer diol MeFBSEA/3-mercapto 1,2-propane diol 4/1, prepared according to U.S. Pat. No. 6,239,247 B1, column 12, lines 50–59
  • (4-1)ODA-ol: oligomer alcohol octadecylacrylate/2-mercaptoethanol 4/1, prepared according to U.S. Pat. No. 6,239,247 B1, column 12, lines 50–59
  • Aldrich Chemical Co.
  • (4-1)AC 600-ol: oligomer alcohol, prepared from FLUOWETTMAC 600/2-mercaptoethanol 4/1, according to U.S. Pat. No. 6,239,247 B1, column 12, lines 50–59, except that AIBN was used and the reaction was run at 75° C. during 15 hours.

A. Synthesis of HFPO-oligomer Alcohol and Diol

1. Synthesis of HFPO-oligomer Alcohol ((HFPO)k-alc

Several HFPO-oligomer alcohols ((HFPO)k-alc) were prepared according to the general procedure as given for the synthesis of CF3CF2CF2—O—(CF(CF3)CF2O)6.8CF(CF3)CONHCH2CH2OH, indicated in table 1 as (HFPO)8.8-alc.

A 1 liter 3-necked reaction flask was equipped with a stirrer, a condenser, a dropping funnel, a heating mantle and a thermometer. The flask was charged with 1000 g CF3CF2CF2—O—(CF(CF3)CF2O)6.8CF(CF3)COOCH3. The mixture was heated to 40° C. and 43.4 g ethanolamine was added via the dropping funnel, over a period of 30 minutes. The reaction mixture was kept at 65° C. during 3 hours. FTIR analysis indicated complete conversion. The end product could be purified as follows: 500 ml ethylacetate were added and the organic solution was washed with 200 ml HCL (1N), followed by 2 washings with 200 ml brine. The organic phase was dried over MgSO4. Ethylacetate was evaporated with waterjet vacuum, using a Büchi rotary evaporator. The product was dried at 50° C. during 5 hours, using oil pump vacuum (<1 mbar). An alternative purification step included evaporation of methanol, formed during reaction, via water jet vacuum, using a Büchi rotary evaporator (up to 75° C.=<100 mm Hg). Residual methanol was further removed with oil pump vacuum (up to 80° C., =<10 mbar).

The HFPO-oligomer alcohol (HFPO)8.8-alc obtained, was a yellow coloured oil, with medium viscosity. The structure was confirmed by means of NMR.

HFPO-oligomer alcohols with other chain lengths were prepared essentially according to the same procedure.

2. Synthesis of HFPO-oligomer Diol ((HFPO)k-diol))

CF3CF2CF2—O—(CF(CF3)CF2O)6.8CF(CF3)CONHCH2CH(OH)CH2OH, indicated as (HFPO)8.8-diol was prepared starting from CF3CF2CF2—O—(CF(CF3)CF2O)6.8CF(CF3)COOCH3, using the following procedure:

A round bottom flask, equipped with a stirrer, a nitrogen inlet and a temperature control was charged with 147.6 g CF3CF2CF2—O—(CF(CF3)CF2O)68CF(CF3)COOCH3 and 9.57 g 3-amino-1,2-propanediol. The reaction mixture was stirred while heating to 50° C. An exothermic reaction was noticed (up to 70° C.). The reaction was continued during 24 hours. FTIR analysis indicated complete conversion of the methylester function. The reaction product was dissolved in a mixture of MIBK/acetone/HFE 7100 (100 g/100 g/75 g) and washed 2 times with a solution of 5% HCl and two times with water. Phase separation occurred at 65° C. The solvent phase was dried over sodiumsulfate and the solvents were removed by evaporation. The structure of the (HFPO)8.8-diol was confirmed by FTIR.

B. Synthesis of FC Polyether Urethanes

1. Synthesis of FC Polyether Urethanes Starting from HFPO-oligomer Alcohol

a. Fluorochemical Polyether Urethane Derivatives FC-UR1 to FC-UR3 and FC-UR9 to FC-UR12.

Fluorochemical polyether urethane derivatives FC-UR1 to FC-UR3 and FC-UR9 to FC-UR12, as given in table 1, were made according to the synthesis of FC-UR1 (HFPO)8.8-alc/PAPI/MEKO (1/1/2)

In a first step, 20 g (HFPO)8.8-alc was charged into a 3-necked reaction flask, equipped with a magnetic stirring bar, a condenser, a thermometer, a heating mantle and a nitrogen inlet. 38.5 g ethylacetate and 3 g HFE-7100 were added to obtain a clear solution. 5.4 g PAPI were added, followed by a slow addition of 2.3 g MEKO (through a syringe). The reaction was run at 75° C. during 6 hours. An additional 0.46 g MEKO was added and the reaction was continued at 75° C. during 6 hours. FTIR analysis indicated complete conversion.

FC-UR2 to FC-UR3 and FC-UR9 to FC-UR12 were made essentially according to the same procedure, except that no HFE-7100 was used and 2 drops DBTDL catalyst were added.

In a second step, the fluorochemical polyether urethane derivatives were emulsified. The reaction mixture was dispersed in water containing ETHOQUAD 18/25 (5% on solids) using a Branson 450 sonifier (2′ u-sound at 65° C.). The solvent was stripped off with waterjet vacuum, using a Büchi rotary evaporator. Stable milky dispersions were obtained.

b. Fluorochemical Polyether Urethane FC-UR4 and Comparative Urethanes C-UR1 to C-UR4.

For the synthesis of FC-UR4 and C-UR1 to C-UR4, 250 ml polymerisation flasks were charged with the reactants in amounts to provide a molar ratio as given in table 1. Ethyl acetate was added to obtain 40% solids solutions. The reaction flasks were sealed after purging with nitrogen and the reactions were run in a preheated Launder-o-meter, set at 80° C., overnight. FT-IR analysis indicated complete conversion. The fluorochemical polyether urethanes were emulsified as described above, using a mixture of ETHOQUAD™ 18/25 (2.5% on solids) and ARQUAD™ 12–50 (2.5% on solids) or using Sermul™ EA266 (7% on solids).

c. Fluorochemical Polyether Urethane Derivatives FC-UR5 to FC-UR8

Three-necked round bottom flasks were charged with the reactants in molar ratios as given in Table 1. Ethyl acetate was added to obtain 50% solids solutions and one drop of DBTDL was added. The flasks were sealed, purged with nitrogen, and heated at 75° C. overnight. (Note: For the preparation of FC-UR5 and FC-UR6 MEKO was added at this point in the molar ratios given in Table 1 and the mixture was reheated to 75° C. and allowed to stir for 4 additional hours.) A 3% aqueous solution of ETHOQUAD™ 18/25 (˜10% on solids) was slowly added to the mixture keeping the temperature >60° C. during addition. The mixture was sonified with a ColeParmer model CPX-600 ultrasonic processor for 5 minutes. Ethyl acetate was removed by distillation under reduced pressure on a Büchi rotary evaporator.

d. Fluorochemical Polyether Urethane Derivatives FC-UR41 and FC-UR42

A reaction flask was charged with 100 g ααα-trifluorotoluene, Des N-3300 and (HFPO)5.5-alc in amounts to provide the molar ratio as given in Table 1. 1 drop of DBTDL was added and the mixture was heated at 95° C. during 1 hour. (4-1)ODA-ol (FC-UR41) or polystyrene-coallyl alcohol (FC-UR42) were added and the mixture was heated at 75° C. during 12 hours. FT-IR analysis indicated complete conversion.

In a second step, the fluorochemical polyether urethanes were emulsified. The reaction mixtures were dispersed in water containing ETHOQUAD™ 18/25 (5% on solids) using a Branson 450 sonifier (4 min u-sound at 65° C.). The solvent was stripped with a water jet aspirator using a Buchi rotary evaporator. Stable milky dispersions were obtained.

e. Fluorochemical Polyether Urethane FC-UR43

In a first step, a 3-necked reaction flask, equipped with a magnetic stirring bar, a condenser, a thermometer, a heating mantle and a nitrogen inlet was charged with 59.6 g (HFPO)10.7-alc, 4.9 g 1-C18H37OH, 27.6 g Tolonate® HDT and 133 g 4-methyl-2-pentanone under nitrogen. The reaction mixture was heated to 85° C. and 0.1 g DBTDL was added. The reaction was run under nitrogen atmosphere, at 85° C. during 3 hours. 7.9 g MEKO were added and the reaction was stirred overnight at 85° C., under nitrogen. A solution of 16.7 g 30% aqueous ETHOQUAD™ 18/25 in 388.4 g DIW was slowly added to the reaction mixture, keeping the temperature >=80° C. The mixture was sonified using a Cole-Parmer Model CPX 600 sonifier at a power setting of 600 W and 100% amplitude for 5 minutes. The solvent was stripped off with waterjet vacuum using a Buchi rotary evaporator. A stable 20% solids dispersion was obtained.

f. Fluorochemical Polyether Urethane FC-UR44

A reaction flask was charged with 50 g ααα-trifluorotoluene, Tolonate® HDT, (HFPO)8.8-alc and EA-600 in amounts to provide the molar ratio as shown in Table 1. 1 drop of DBTDL was added and the mixture was heated at 75° C. for 2 hours. To this was added MEKO and the mixture was heated at 75° C. for 1 hour. FT-IR analysis indicated complete conversion.

In a second step, this fluorochemical polyether urethane was emulsified. The reaction mixture was dispersed in water containing ETHOQUAD™ 18/25 (5% on solids) using a Branson 450 sonifier (4 minutes u-sound at 65° C.). The solvent was stripped off with waterjet vacuum, using a Büchi rotary evaporator. A stable milky dispersion was obtained.

g. Fluorochemical Polyether Urethane FC-UR46

A three-necked round bottom flask was charged with (HFPO)9.7-alc (13.9 g), MONDUR™ (22.2 g) and MIBK (75.0 g) and heated to 75° C. under a nitrogen atmosphere. DBTDL (0.10 g) was added and the reaction mixture was held at temperature for 3 hours. MEKO (13.9 g) was slowly added to the reation mixture, and allowed to stir overnight at 75° C. A solution of ETHOQUAD™ 18/25 (30% aq; 8.3 g) was slowly added to the mixture, keeping the temperature >70° C. during addition. The mixture was sonified with a Cole Parmer model CPX-600 ultrasonic processor for 5 minutes. MIBK was removed by distillation under reduced pressure on a Büchi rotary evaporator.

h. Synthesis of Fluorochemical Polyether Urethane FC-UR47

To a 250 ml 3-neck flask equipped with a mechanical stirrer, condenser, thermometer, heating mantle and nitrogen inlet was charged: 8.0 g (41.88 meq.) TOLONATE™ HDT, 6.25 g (2.094 meq.) MPEG 750 (25% solution in ethyl acetate; pre-dried over 4A molecular sieves), 0.5565 g Stearyl alcohol (2.094 meq) and 43.4 g ethyl acetate. The mixture was heated to 68° C. under a nitrogen purge and three drops DBTDL were added. Heating was continued for 2 hours. A solution of 18.00 g (10.47 meq) (HFPO)9.1-alc in 22.07 g ethyl acetate was prepared and added to the reaction mixture. The mixture was held at temperature for one hour and twenty minutes. A solution of 2.37 g (27.2 meq) MEKO in 2 g ethyl acetate was added, and the mixture was allowed to stir overnight at 68° C. The urethane mixture was dispersed into water with 1.52 g Ethoquad™ 18/25 (5% on solids) using a Cole Parmer Ultrasonic Homogenizer (for 5 minutes while still hot). Ethyl acetate was removed using a rotary evaporator. A milky dispersion was obtained.

2. Synthesis of FC Polyether Urethanes Starting from HFPO-oligomer Diol

a. Synthesis of FC Polyether Urethane (HFPO)8.8-diol/GMS/PAPI/MEKO 1/1/3/5 (FC-UR13)

In a first step 15.5 g (HFPO)8.8-diol was charged into a 3-necked reaction flask, equipped with a stirrer, a condenser, a thermometer, a heating mantle and a nitrogen inlet. 11.02 g PAPI, 3.6 g GMS and 4.4 g MEKO were added, followed by 52 g MIBK and 3 drops of DBTDL catalyst. The reaction was run at 75° C. during 7 hours. FTIR analysis indicated complete conversion.

In a second step, the (HFPO)-urethane was emulsified. Therefore, a mixture of 60 g water and 3.75 g Rewopon™ IM/OA.HAc (20% solution/5% on solids) was made. The aqueous solution was heated at 65° C. and the organic phase as prepared under step 1, was added under stirring. The 2 phase system was emulsified using a Branson Sonifier 450W for 3 min at full capacity. The solvent was removed by evaporation and a light brown milky emulsion was obtained.

b. Synthesis of FC Polyether Urethanes FC-UR14 to FC-UR18

In a first step, 100 ml reaction flasks were charged with (HFPO)8.8-alc, (HFPO)8.8-diol and isocyanates, in amounts to provide molar ratios as given in table 2. Ethyl acetate was added to provide a final concentration of 40% solids. The bottles were purged with nitrogen and sealed. The reaction was run at 75° C. in a preheated Launder-o-meter, during 4 hours. GMS and MEKO were added and the reaction was run at 75° C. during 16 hours. FT-IR analysis indicated complete conversion.

In a second step, the FC polyether urethanes were emulsified. Therefore, a mixture of ETHOQUAD 18/25 (5% on solids) in DI water was heated to 75° C. The FC polyether urethane solutions, prepared above, were heated to 75° C. and added to the water phase while stirring. The 2 phase system was emulsified using a Branson Sonifier 450W for 2 min at full capacity. The solvent was removed by evaporation and stable milky dispersions were obtained.

3. Synthesis of FC Polyether Urethanes Comprising HFPO-oligomers and Fluorochemical Alkyl Derivatives

a. Synthesis of FC Polyether Urethanes FC-UR19 to FC-UR40

Fluorochemical polyether urethanes FC-UR19 to FC-UR40 were made as follows:

In a first step, 100 ml reaction flasks were charged with (HFPO)8.8-alc, (HFPO)8.8-diol, MeFBSE, FBSEE, MeFBSEA oligomer alcohol and/or diol, isocyanates and blocking agents, in amounts to provide molar ratios as given in table 1. Ethylacetate was added to provide a concentration of 40% solids. Two drops DBTDL catalyst were added. The bottles were purged with nitrogen and sealed. The reactions were run overnight at 75° C. in a preheated Launder-o-meter. FT-IR analysis indicated complete conversion.

In a second step, the fluorochemical polyether urethanes were emulsified. Therefore, a 20% mixture of Rewopon™ IM/OA.Hac (Hac=acetic acid) (7% on solids) was made in water. The aqueous solution was heated at 55° C. The organic phase as prepared under step 1, was added under stirring. The two-phase system was emulsified using a Branson Sonifier 450W for 3 min at full capacity. The solvent was removed by evaporation and a stable dispersion was obtained.

b. Synthesis of FC Polyether Urethane FC-UR45

A reaction flask was charged with 100 g ααα-trifluorotoluene, Tolonate® HDT, (HFPO)8.8-alc and (4-1)AC 600-ol, in amounts to provide the molar ratio as shown Table 1.1 drop of DBTDL was added and the mixture was heated at 75° C. for 12 hours. To this was added MEKO and the mixture was heated at 75° C. during 1 hour. FT-IR analysis indicated complete conversion.

In a second step, this fluorochemical polyether urethane was emulsified. The reaction mixture was dispersed in water containing ETHOQUAD™ 18/25 (5% on solids) using a Branson 450 sonifier (4 minutes u-sound at 65° C.). The solvent was stripped off with waterjet vacuum, using a Büchi rotary evaporator. A stable milky dispersion was obtained.

c. Synthesis of FC Polyether Urethane FC-UR48

A 500 mL three-necked round bottom flask was charged with 34.8 grams (HFPO)9.7-alc, 0.9 grams MeFBSE, 2.0 grams MPEG-750 and 50.0 grams MIBK. 10.1 grams Tolonate™ HDT was then added, and the mixture was heated to 75° C. under nitrogen with stirring. Then 0.03 grams DBTDL was added to the cloudy mixture. An exothermic reaction began, and the temperature rose to ˜90° C. When the exotherm subsided the reaction was heated at 75° C. for three hours. 2.3 grams MEKO was added dropwise the container being rinsed in with 2 ml MIBK. The reaction was stirred at 75° C. overnight under nitrogen. The next day a solution of 8.3 grams 30% aqueous Ethoquad™ 18/25 in 219.2 grams DI water was added, keeping the temperature >70° C. during addition. The ensuing mixture was sonified for five minutes. MIBK was removed by heating under reduced pressure with a Buchi rotary evaporator. This yielded a white dispersion.

TABLE 1
composition of FC polyether urethane derivatives
Molar Ratio
Number Composition (equivalents)
FC-UR1 (HFPO)8.8-alc/PAPI/MEKO 1/1/2
FC-UR2 (HFPO)8.8-alc/PAPI/MEKO 2/1/1
FC-UR3 (HFPO)8.8-alc/PAPI 3/1
FC-UR4 (HFPO)8.8-alc/Des N/C16H33OH 1/1/2
FC-UR5 (HFPO)5.5-alc/Des N 100/MEKO (1/3/2)
FC-UR6 (HFPO)11.5-alc/Des N 100/MEKO (1/3/2)
FC-UR7 (HFPO)5.5-alc/Des N 100 3/1
FC-UR8 (HFPO)11.5-alc/Des N 100 3/1
FC-UR9 (HFPO)8.8-alc/GMS/PAPI/MEKO 1/1/2/3
FC-UR10 (HFPO)8.8-alc/GMS/PAPI/MEKO 1/2/3/4
FC-UR11 (HFPO)8.8-alc/GMS/PAPI/MEKO 1/3/4/5
FC-UR12 (HFPO)8.8-alc/GMS/PAPI/MEKO 2/2/3/3
FC-UR13 (HFPO)8.8-diol/GMS/PAPI/MEKO 1/1/3/5
FC-UR14 (HFPO)8.8-alc/(HFPO)8.8-diol/PAPI/MEKO 1/1/2/3
FC-UR15 (HFPO)8.8-alc/(HFPO)8.8-diol/PAPI/GMS/MEKO 1/1/3/1/4
FC-UR16 (HFPO)8.8-alc/(HFPO)8.8-diol/PAPI/GMS/MEKO 2/2/4/1/4
FC-UR17 (HFPO)8.8-alc/(HFPO)8.8-diol/DDI/PAPI/GMS/MEKO 2/2/1/3/1/3
FC-UR18 (HFPO)8.8-alc/(HFPO)8.8-diol/DDI/PAPI/GMS/MEKO 2/2/2/3/1/5
FC-UR19 (HFPO)8.8-diol/FBSEE/PAPI/MeFBSE 1/1/3/5
FC-UR20 (HFPO)8.8-diol/FBSEE/PAPI/MeFBSE/MEKO 1/1/3/3/2
FC-UR21 (HFPO)8.8-diol/FBSEE/PAPI/MEKO 1/1/3/5
FC-UR22 (HFPO)8.8-alc/FBSEE/PAPI/MeFBSE 2/4/2/5
FC-UR23 (HFPO)8.8- 2/4/2/3/2
alc/FBSEE/PAPI/MeFBSE/MEKO
FC-UR24 (HFPO)8.8-alc/FBSEE/PAPI/MeFBSE 2/2/3/3
FC-UR25 (HFPO)8.8-alc/FBSEE/PAPI/MEKO 2/2/3/3
FC-UR26 (HFPO)8.8-alc/FBSEE/PAPI/MEKO 1/1/2/3
FC-UR27 (HFPO)8.8-alc/FBSEE/PAPI/MEKO 1/2/3/4
FC-UR28 (HFPO)8.8-alc/FBSEE/PAPI/MEKO 2/4/5/5
FC-UR29 (HFPO)8.8-alc/FBSEE/PAPI/MEKO 1/4/5/6
FC-UR30 (HFPO)8.8-alc/FBSEE/PAPI/MEKO 2/6/7/7
FC-UR31 (HFPO)8.8-alc/FBSEE/PAPI/MEKO 3/6/7/6
FC-UR32 (HFPO)8.8-diol/FBSEE/PAPI/MEKO 1/3/5/7
FC-UR33 (HFPO)8.8-diol/(4-1)MeFBSEA- 2/2/3/3
ol/PAPI/MEKO
FC-UR34 (HFPO)8.8-alc/(4-1)MeFBSEA- 2/2/3/3
diol/PAPI/MEKO
FC-UR35 (HFPO)8.8-alc/(4-1)MeFBSEA- 1/0.5/1.2/3/4
diol/FBSEE/PAPI/MEKO
FC-UR36 (HFPO)8.8-alc/(4-1)MeFBSEA- 1/0.25/0.75/3/4
diol/FBSEE/PAPI/MEKO
FC-UR37 (HFPO)8.8-alc/(4-1)MeFBSEA- 2/0.25/1.75/3/3
diol/FBSEE/PAPI/MEKO
FC-UR38 (HFPO)8.8-alc/(4-1)MeFBSEA- 2/1/3/5/5
diol/FBSEE/PAPI/MEKO
FC-UR39 (HFPO)8.8-alc/(4-1)MeFBSEA- 1/0.5/2/3/3.5
ol/FBSEE/PAPI/MEKO
FC-UR40 (HFPO)8.8-alc/(4-1)MeFBSEA- 1.5/0.5/2/3/3
ol/FBSEE/PAPI/MEKO
FC-UR41 (HFPO)5.5-alc/Des N-3300/(4-1)ODA-ol 2.3/1/1
FC-UR42 (HFPO)5.5-alc/Des N-3300/Polystyrene- (2/1/1)
coallyl alcohol
FC-UR43 (HFPO)10.7-alc/Tolonate ® (2.5/10/1.25/6.25)
HDT/C18H37OH/MEKO
FC-UR44 (HFPO)8.8-alc/Tolonate ® HDT/EA- (1/4/1/2)
600/MEKO
FC-UR45 (HFPO)8.8-alc/Tolonate ® HDT/ (1/4/1/2)
(EA-600AC)4OH/MEKO
FC-UR46 (HFPO)9.7-alc/Mondur ™MR/MEKO (1/20/19)
FC-UR47 (HFPO)9.1-alc/Tolonate ™ HDT/MPEG (5/20/1/1/13)
750/Stearylalcohol/MEKO
FC-UR48 (HFPO)9.7-alc/Tolonate ™ (1/2.5/0.125/0.125/0.125)
HDT/MeFBSE/MPEG 750/MEKO
C-UR1 MeFOSE/PAPI/MEKO 1/1/2
C-UR2 Fluowet EA 812/PAPI/MEKO 1/1/2
C-UR3 (HFPO)8.8-alc/ODI 1/1
C-UR4 (HFPO)8.8-alc/DDI 1410 2/1

Examples 1 to 8

In examples 1 to 8, different substrates were treated with FC polyether urethanes as indicated in table 2, so as to give 0.3% SOF. After treatment the fabrics were dried at 160° C. during 1.5 minutes. The treated substrates were tested for their oil and water repellency initially and after 5 home launderings (ironing). The results are summarized in Table 2.

TABLE 2
Substrates treated with FC polyether urethanes with
or without blocking group
Ex Initial 5HL Ironing
No FC-UR OR WR SR OR WR SR
PESμ (6145.3)
1 FC-UR2 2 2 90 2 1 75
2 FC-UR3 3 1 70 2 0 60
PAμ (7819.4)
3 FC-UR2 3 2 60 3 2 70
4 FC-UR3 3 2 50 3 1 60
PES/Co (2681.4)
5 FC-UR2 3 1 75 2 2 60
6 FC-UR3 3 W  0 3 0  0
Co (1511.1)
7 FC-UR2 3 1 70 2 0 60
8 FC-UR3 4 0  0 1 0  0

The results indicated that substrates having high and especially durable oil repellency could be made when they were treated with FC polyether urethanes. The water repellency of the treated substrate could further be increased through the use of a masking group in the FC polyether urethane.

Examples 9 to 20

In examples 9 to 20, the influence of the add-on level of the fluorochemical polyether urethane was evaluated. Therefore, different substrates were treated with FC polyether urethane FC-UR1, at different add on levels. After treatment the fabrics were dried and cured at 160° C. for 1.5 minutes. The treated fabrics were tested for oil and water repellency, initially and after home launderings (ironing). The results are given in Table 3.

TABLE 3
Substrates treated with FC polyether urethane FC-UR1;
influence of add-on level
% SOF Initial Bundesmann 5 HL ironing
Ex No FC-UR1 OR WR SR 1′ 5′ 10′ OR WR SR
PESμ (6145.3)
 9 0.3 1 1 95 2 1 1 0 1 75
10 0.5 1 2 100 5 3 2 0 1 90
11 1 2 2 100 5 4 2 1 1 100 
PAμ (7819.4)
12 0.3 3 2 70 / / / 0 1 50
13 0.5 4 3 75 / / / 1 1 50
14 1 4 3 80 / / / 2 2 70
PES/Co (2681.4)
15 0.3 4 2 80 1 1 1 1 1 70
16 0.5 4 2 95 2 1 1 2 1 75
17 1 4 3 100 4 2 1 3 2 90
Co (1511.1)
18 0.3 2 2 90 1 1 1 1 1 60
19 0.5 3 2 100 2 1 1 1 1 85
20 1 4 3 100 3 2 1 3 2 90

The results indicated that the performance could be tailored by variation of the add-on level. Substrates having high oil and/or water repellency with good durability could be made.

Examples 21 to 24 and Comparative Examples C-1 to C-8

In examples 21 to 24, substrates were treated with FC-UR1, and with comparative FC urethanes, made from long chain FC alkyl alcohols. The substrates were treated so as to give 0.3% SOF. After treatment, the substrates were dried and cured at 160° C., during 1.5 min. The results of oil and water repellency are given in table 4.

TABLE 4
substrates treated with FC polyether urethane
Bundesmann
Ex Initial % 5HL Ironing
No FC-UR OR WR SR 1′ 5′ 10′ abs OR WR SR
PESμ (6145.3)
21 FC- 2 2 100 4 2 1 12.1 0 1 85
UR1
C-1 C-UR1 1 2 100 4 2 1 12 0 2 90
C-2 C-UR2 2 3 100 5 4 4 4.4 0 2 90
PAμ (7819.4)
22 FC- 3 1  50 / / / / 2 2 60
UR1
C-3 C-UR1 3 7  90 1 1 1 25.9 0 2 70
C-4 C-UR2 4 7 100 2 1 1 24.8 1 2 75
PES/Co (2681.4)
23 FC- 4 2  90 1 1 1 23.3 1 2 75
UR1
C-5 C-UR1 3 3 100 4 2 1 18.8 1 2 80
C-6 C-UR2 5 6 100 5 4 4 11.2 1 3 85
Co (1511.1)
24 FC- 4 2  90 1 1 1 32.6 2 1 70
UR1
C-7 C-UR1 3 4 100 4 1 1 25.9 1 2 80
C-8 C-UR2 4 4 100 5 3 1 23.5 2 2 80

The results indicated that most substrates, treated with FC polyether urethanes according to the invention, had the same good initial and better durable oil repellency, compared to substrates treated with FC urethanes, made from long chain FC alcohols. A further advantage could be seen in that the substrates treated with FC polyether urethanes had a softer feel than the substrates treated with the comparative urethanes.

Examples 25 to 31 and Comparative Examples C-9 to C-16

In examples 25 to 31, the influence of the functionality of the isocyanate used in the synthesis of the fluorochemical polyether urethane was evaluated. Substrates were treated with aliphatic urethane FC-UR4, made with triisocyanate Des N-100. In comparative examples C-9 to C-16, substrates were treated with the comparative urethanes C-UR3 and C-UR-4, made from FC polyether oligomer and diisocyanates. All substrates were treated so as to give 0.3% SOF. After treatment, the substrates were dried and cured at 160° C. during 1.5 min. Oil and water repellency were evaluated. The results are given in Table 5.

TABLE 5
Ex Initial 5HL Ironing
No FC-UR OR WR SR OR WR SR
PESμ (6145.3)
25 FC-UR4 2 2 70 1 0 50
C-9  C-UR3 0 1 0 0 0 0
C-10 C-UR4 0 1 50 0 0 0
PAμ (7819.4)
27 FC-UR4 3 1 50 1 2 50
C-11 C-UR3 0 1 50 0 0 0
C-12 C-UR4 0 1 50 0 0 0
PES/Co (2681.4)
30 FC-UR4 3 2 50 2 0 0
C-13 C-UR3 0 0 0 0 0 0
C-14 C-UR4 0 0 0 0 0 0
Co (1511.1)
31 HFPO-UR4 3 1 70 2 0 60
C-15 C-UR3 0 0 0 0 0 0
C-16 C-UR4 0 0 0 0 0 0

The results indicated that substrates treated with urethanes made from the HFPO oligomer alcohol and triisocyanate had good performance, both for oil and water repellency. On the other hand, substrates treated with urethanes made from HFPO oligomer alcohol and diisocyanate had very low performance. On PES/Co and Cotton, no oil or water repellency was observed.

Examples 32 to 41

In examples 32 to 41 the performance of treated substrates after air cure as well as the performance after extended home launderings was evaluated. Therefore, cotton samples were treated with FC polyether urethanes FC-UR5 and FC-UR6, so as to give and add-on level as indicated in table 6. The samples were evaluated for their oil and water repellency, after air cure and after curing at 150° C. during 10 minutes. No water repellency was observed after air cure. The other results are given in Table 6.

TABLE 6
Ex % Air dry Initial 5HL 20 HL
No FC-UR SOF OR OR SR OR SR OR SR
Cotton (IND)
32 FC- 0.2 4.5 5 80 4 60 2 60
UR5
33 FC- 0.5 5 6 80 5 75 4 60
UR5
34 FC- 1 6 6 80 5 70 4 60
UR5
35 FC- 0.5 3 4 60 2  0 1 0
UR6
36 FC- 1 4 5 60 4  0 3 0
UR6
Cotton (SHIPP)
37 FC- 0.2 4 4.5 75 3 50 2 0
UR5
38 FC- 0.5 5 5 80 5 75 3.5 60
UR5
39 FC- 1 5 6 75 5 75 4 5
UR5
40 FC- 0.5 3 4 50 2 50 1 0
UR6
41 FC- 1 5 5 60 5 50 3 0
UR6

Note: the OR of samples 34 and 39 was 3 after 50 HL.
As can be seen from the results in table 6, very strong and durable oil repellency could be achieved on cotton, especially with the lower chain oligomeric urethanes. Furthermore, a remarkably high oil repellency was noticed for the air dried samples. High durability of the oil repellency was observed, even after repeated home launderings.

Examples 42 to 53

In examples 42 to 53 cotton samples were treated with fluorochemical polyether urethanes FC-UR7 and FC-UR8, derived from short chain and long chain HFPO oligomers respectively, so as to give and add-on level as indicated in Table 7. The samples were air dried and cured at 150° C. during 10 minutes. The oil and water repellency were measured after air dry, after 150° C. cure and after 5 HL. No water repellency was observed after air dry or 5 HL. The other results are given in Table 7.

TABLE 7
Cotton substrates treated with FC polyether urethanes
Air
dry Initial 5HL
Ex FC-UR Substrate % SOF OR OR SR OR
42 FC-UR7 IND 0.2 4 5 0 /
43 FC-UR7 IND 0.5 5 6 50 5
44 FC-UR7 IND 1 5 6 50 5
45 FC-UR7 SHIPP 0.2 4 5 0 /
46 FC-UR7 SHIPP 0.5 5 5 50 5
47 FC-UR7 SHIPP 1 5 5 50 5
48 FC-UR8 IND 0.2 2 2 0 /
49 FC-UR8 IND 0.5 5 5 60 3
50 FC-UR8 IND 1 5 5 0 5
51 FC-UR8 SHIPP 0.2 2.5 2 0 /
52 FC-UR8 SHIPP 0.5 4.5 5 0 4
53 FC-UR8 SHIPP 1 5 5 0 5

The substrates, treated with the FC polyether urethane had very high and durable oil repellency.

Examples 54 to 69

In examples 54 to 69, different substrates were treated with FC polyether urethanes, made with difunctional chain extenders, so as to give 0.3% SOF. After treatment the fabrics were dried at 160° C. during 1.5 minutes. The treated substrates were tested for their oil and water repellency, initially and after 5 home launderings (ironing). The results are summarized in table 8.

TABLE 8
Substrates treated with FC polyether urethanes having
difunctional chain extenders
Bundesmann
Ex Initial % 5 HL ironing
No FC-UR OR WR SR 1′ 5′ 10′ abs OR WR SR
PESμ (6145.3)
54 FC-UR9 0.5 2 100 2 2 1 23 0 1 90
55 FC-UR10 1 2 100 2 2 1 23 0 1 85
56 FC-UR11 1 2 100 3 1 1 22 0 1 90
57 FC-UR12 2 2 100 2 1 1 29 1 1 90
PAμ (7819.4)
58 FC-UR9 3 2.5 85 1 1 1 43 2 2 75
59 FC-UR10 3 3 90 1 1 1 34 2 2 75
60 FC-UR11 2 2 70 / / / / 2 1.5 60
61 FC-UR12 3 2 70 / / / / 2 4.5 60
PES/Co (2681.4)
62 FC-UR9 1.5 2 100 2 1 1 31 1 1 85
63 FC-UR10 1 3 90 2 1 1 35 1 1.5 80
64 FC-UR11 2 3 95 3 1 1 23 2 2 85
65 FC-UR12 3 2 80 1 1 1 31 2 1 70
Co (1511.1)
66 FC-UR9 2 2 85 / / / / 2 1 70
67 FC-UR10 1 2 90 / / / / 1 2 80
68 FC-UR11 2 2 85 / / / / 1 1 80
69 FC-UR12 3 2 85 / / / / 1 1 75

The results indicated that the incorporation of difunctional chain extenders in the polyurethane resulted in many cases in an improvement of the overall performance of substrates treated therewith. Substrates with strong initial and also durable dynamic repellency could be made.

Examples 70 to 81

In examples 70 to 81, different substrates were treated with FC polyether urethane made from HFPO-diol (FC-UR13) or with a 50/50 blend of FC polyether urethanes, as indicated in table 11, so as to give 0.3% SOF. After treatment the fabrics were dried at 160° C. during 1.5 minutes. The treated substrates were tested for their oil and water repellency, initially and after 5 home launderings (ironing). The results are summarized in Table 9.

TABLE 9
Substrates treated with FC polyether urethane blends
Bundesmann
Ex Initial % 5 HL ironing
No FC-UR OR WR SR 1′ 5′ 10′ abs OR WR SR
PESμ (6145.3)
70 FC-UR13 0 1 100 4.5 4 4 12.2 0 1 85
71 FC-UR10/ 0.5 2 100 4.5 4.5 4.5 3.9 0 1 95
FC-UR13
72 FC-UR3/ 2 2 100 3.5 2.5 1 13.4 1 1 90
FC-UR13
PAμ (7819.4)
73 FC-UR13 2 2.5 100 5 4 3 11.7 0.5 1.5 90
74 FC-UR10/ 2 2 95 3 2 1.5 23.1 1.5 2 75
FC-UR13
75 FC-UR3/ 3 2 75 / / / / 2 2 60
FC-UR13
PES/Co (2681.4)
76 FC-UR13 1 1 100 1 1 1 25.9 0 1 80
77 FC-UR10/ 2.5 2.5 100 3 2 1 12.4 1 1 80
FC-UR13
78 FC-UR3/ 2.5 2 95 1 1 1 24.7 2 1 70
FC-UR13
Co (1511.1)
79 FC-UR13 1 2 85 / / / / 0 1 80
80 FC-UR10/ 2.5 2 95 1 1 1 37.8 1.5 1 80
FC-UR13
81 FC-UR3/ 3 1 75 / / / / 2.5 0 80
FC-UR13

The results demonstrated that excellent dynamic water repellency, both initial and after homelaundering could be achieved with urethanes made from HFPO-oligomer diol. Especially strong results were obtained on synthetic substrates (PESμ and PAμ). The oil repellency could be increased using a blend of urethanes made from HFPO-oligomer diol and HFPO-oligomer alcohol.

Examples 82 to 101

In examples 82 to 101, different substrates were treated with FC polyether urethanes, derived from a mixture of HFPO-oligomer alcohol and diol, so as to give 0.3% SOF. After treatment the fabrics were dried at 160° C. during 1.5 minutes. The treated substrates were tested for their oil and water repellency, initially and after 5 home launderings (ironing). The results are summarized in Table 10.

TABLE 10
Substrates treated with FC-polyether urethanes, derived from
mixture of HFPO-oligomer alcohol and diol.
Initial Bundesmann 5 HL ironing
Ex No FC-UR OR WR SR 1′ 5′ 10′ % abs OR WR SR
PESμ (6145.3)
82 FC-UR14 0 2 100 4.5 3.5 2.5 13 0 2 80
83 FC-UR15 0 1.5 100 4.5 3.5 2.5 15.7 0.5 1 80
84 FC-UR16 0 1 100 3 1 1 18.8 0 1 70
85 FC-UR17 1 1.5 100 2.5 1.5 1 17.3 0 1 70
86 FC-UR18 1 2 100 3 2 1 15.6 0 1 85
PAμ (7819.4)
87 FC-UR14 2 2 70 / / / / 1 1 50
88 FC-UR15 2 3 60 / / / / 1 1.5 60
89 FC-UR16 2 2.5 60 / / / / 0 1 60
90 FC-UR17 2 1 60 / / / / 1 1 60
91 FC-UR18 3 2 75 / / / / 1.5 3 50
PES/Co (2681.4)
92 FC-UR14 3 2.5 100 1 1 1 23.8 2 2 80
93 FC-UR15 1.5 3 95 1 1 1 23.9 1 1 80
94 FC-UR16 1.5 1 70 / / / / 0 0.5 60
95 FC-UR17 2 1 70 / / / / 1.5 1 60
96 FC-UR18 2 2 100 1 1 1 21.7 2 1 70
Co (1511.1)
97 FC-UR14 2 2 90 1 1 1 36.8 1.5 1 80
98 FC-UR15 2 2 90 1 1 1 36.5 0 1 80
99 FC-UR16 0 0 70 / / / / 0 0 0
100 FC-UR17 2 1 70 / / / / 1 0 50
101 FC-UR18 2 2 85 / / / / 2 1 70

The results demonstrated that good water repellency, both initial and after laundering could be achieved with FC polyether urethanes derived from a mixture of HFPO-alcohol and HFPO-diol.

Examples 102 to 189

In examples 102 to 189, substrates were treated with fluorochemical polyether urethanes made from a mixture of HFPO-oligomer alcohols (and/or diol) and short chain fluorochemical alkyl alcohols (and/or diols). Substrates were treated with the FC polyether urethanes, as indicated in table 11, so as to give 0.3% SOF. After treatment the fabrics were dried at 160° C. during 1.5 minutes. The treated substrates were tested for their oil and water repellency, initially and after 5 home launderings (ironing). The results are summarized in Tables 11 to 14.

TABLE 11
PAμ (7819.4) substrates treated with FC polyether urethanes
Initial 5HL Ironing
Ex No FC-UR OR WR SR OR SR
102 FC-UR19 2 3 85 1 70
103 FC-UR20 2.5 2.5 90 1 70
104 FC-UR21 1 2 75 0 50
105 FC-UR22 2 2.5 85 0 70
106 FC-UR23 2.5 2.5 75 1 70
107 FC-UR24 3.5 2.5 70 1 50
108 FC-UR25 2.5 2.5 75 1.5 70
109 FC-UR26 1.5 1 75 0.5 70
110 FC-UR27 1.5 2.5 80 1 70
111 FC-UR28 1.5 1.5 80 1 50
112 FC-UR29 0.5 1.5 80 0 70
113 FC-UR30 0.5 1.5 70 1 50
114 FC-UR31 1.5 1.5 70 1 50
115 FC-UR32 0 2 70 0 50
116 FC-UR33 2 1.5 70 1.5 60
117 FC-UR34 2 2 7 1.5 50
118 FC-UR35 1.5 1.5 75 1 60
119 FC-UR36 1.5 1.5 75 0.5 70
120 FC-UR37 2.5 1.5 75 0.5 60
121 FC-UR38 1.5 1.5 80 1 60
122 FC-UR39 0.5 2 70 0 60
123 FC-UR40 1.5 1.5 70 0.5 60

TABLE 12
Co (1511.1) substrate treated with FC polyether urethanes
5 HL
Ex Initial Ironing
No FC-UR OR WR SR OR SR
124 FC-UR19 3 3 50 0 0
125 FC-UR20 2 2 85 1 70
126 FC-UR21 1.5 2 100 1 90
127 FC-UR22 2.5 1.5 60 1 0
128 FC-UR23 2.5 2 85 2 70
129 FC-UR24 2.5 1 50 1 0
130 FC-UR25 3 2 90 2 70
131 FC-UR26 3 2 85 1.5 75
132 FC-UR27 2 2 90 1 75
133 FC-UR28 2 2 80 1.5 70
134 FC-UR29 1 2 85 1 80
135 FC-UR30 2 2 80 0.5 70
136 FC-UR31 2 2 80 2 70
137 FC-UR32 0.5 2 90 0 80
138 FC-UR33 3 2 75 2 70
139 FC-UR34 3.5 1 75 2 70
140 FC-UR35 2 2 80 2 70
141 FC-UR36 2 2 85 2 80
142 FC-UR37 2.5 1 80 2 70
143 FC-UR38 2.5 1.5 80 2 70
144 FC-UR39 2 1 70 1.5 70
145 FC-UR40 2.5 1 70 1.5 70

TABLE 13
PES/Co (2681.4) substrate treated with FC polyether urethanes
5 HL
Ex Initial Ironing
No FC-UR OR WR SR OR SR
146 FC-UR19 4 3 75 1 0
147 FC-UR20 2 2.5 90 1 75
148 FC-UR21 1.5 2.5 100 1 85
149 FC-UR22 3.5 3 75 1 50
150 FC-UR23 3 2.5 95 2 70
151 FC-UR24 3.5 2.5 70 2 0
152 FC-UR25 4 2.5 100 1 75
153 FC-UR26 3.5 2.5 100 2 75
154 FC-UR27 3 2.5 100 2 80
155 FC-UR28 2.5 2.5 85 1.5 75
156 FC-UR29 2 2.5 90 1 80
157 FC-UR30 2.5 2 90 1.5 75
158 FC-UR31 2.5 2.5 80 2 70
159 FC-UR32 0.5 2 90 0 75
160 FC-UR33 3 2 75 2 50
161 FC-UR34 4 2 75 2.5 70
162 FC-UR35 3 2.5 85 2 70
163 FC-UR36 2.5 2 90 2 70
164 FC-UR37 2.5 2 80 2 70
165 FC-UR38 3 2 80 2 70
166 FC-UR39 2.5 2 75 1.5 70
167 FC-UR40 2.5 2 50 1.5 70

TABLE 14
PESμ (6145.3) substrate treated with FC polyether urethanes
5 HL
Ex Initial Ironing
No FC-UR OR WR SR OR SR
168 FC-UR19 2 2.5 90 0.5 85
169 FC-UR20 1.5 2 100 0 85
170 FC-UR21 0 2 100 0 85
171 FC-UR22 1.5 2.5 100 0.5 80
172 FC-UR23 1 2 100 0 85
173 FC-UR24 2 2.5 80 1 80
174 FC-UR25 2 2 90 0.5 80
175 FC-UR26 1.5 2 90 0 80
176 FC-UR27 0.5 2 100 0 90
177 FC-UR28 1 2 100 0 90
178 FC-UR29 0.5 2 100 0 90
179 FC-UR30 1 2 90 0 80
180 FC-UR31 1 2 100 0 85
181 FC-UR32 0 1.5 100 0 90
182 FC-UR33 1.5 2 80 1.5 70
183 FC-UR34 2 2 80 1 75
184 FC-UR35 1 2 100 0 85
185 FC-UR36 0.5 2 100 0 85
186 FC-UR37 1.5 2 100 0 85
187 FC-UR38 1.5 2 90 0 80
188 FC-UR39 1 1.5 80 0 75
189 FC-UR40 1.5 1.5 80 0 75

Substrates with high and durable oil and/or water repellency could be made.

Examples 190 to 195

In examples 190 to 195 cotton samples were treated with fluorochemical polyether urethane FC-UR43, so as to give and add-on level as indicated in Table 15. The samples were cured at 150° C. during 10 minutes. The oil and water repellency were measured initially and after 10 HL and 20 HL. The results are given in Table 15.

TABLE 15
Ex Initial 10 HL 20 HL
No Substrate % SOF OR SR OR SR OR SR
190 IND 0.2 3 60 1 0 0 0
191 IND 0.5 5 75 4 50 3 50
192 IND 1 5 80 4 50 3 50
193 SHIP 0.2 3 60 1 0 0 0
194 SHIP 0.5 5 75 3 50 2 50
195 SHIP 1 5 80 4 70 3 60

Cotton substrates having especially high oil repellency, even after repeated home launderings were made. Also good durable water repellency was noticed.

Examples 196 to 207

In examples 196 to 207 cotton samples were treated with fluorochemical polyether urethanes FC-UR41 and FC-UR42, derived from short chain HFPO oligomers and polymeric alcohols, so as to give and add-on level as indicated in Table 16. The samples were air dried and cured at 150° C. during 10 minutes. The oil and water repellency were measured after air dry, after 150° C. cure and after 5 HL. No water repellency was observed after air dry or 5 HL. Results are given in Table 16.

TABLE 16
Initial 5 HL
Ex FC-UR Substrate % SOF Air dry OR OR SR OR
196 FC-UR41 IND 0.2 2 3 60 0
197 FC-UR41 IND 0.5 4 5 95 2
198 FC-UR41 IND 1 5 5 95 3
199 FC-UR41 SHIPP 0.2 2 3 60 0
200 FC-UR41 SHIPP 0.5 5 4 90 2.5
201 FC-UR41 SHIPP 1 5 4.5 90 4
202 FC-UR42 IND 0.2 / 2 0 0
203 FC-UR42 IND 0.5 / 5 70 2
204 FC-UR42 IND 1 / 5 100 4
205 FC-UR42 SHIPP 0.2 / 2 60 0
206 FC-UR42 SHIPP 0.5 / 5 70 2.5
207 FC-UR42 SHIPP 1 / 5 80 4

Cotton substrates having high oil and water repellency were obtained.

Examples 208 and 209 and Comparative Examples C-17 and C-18

In example 208 and 209, polyamide carpet samples were treated with an emulsion containing 0.6% FC polyether urethane FC-UR4 (emulsified with SERMUL™ EA266), by spray application, to give 30% WPU. The carpet samples were dried at 120° C. during 15–20 min. Comparative examples C-17 and C-18 were untreated polyamide carpet samples. Oil repellency (OR), water repellency (WR) and Accelerated Dry Soil (ADS) were measured and are report in Table 17.

TABLE 17
Carpet treated with FC polyether urethane
Ex No Carpet FC-UR4 WR OR ADS
208 NS1 0.6% solids; 30% WPU 3 4 3
209 NS2 0.6% solids; 30% WPU 2 1.5 3
C-17 NS1 / 0 0 1.5
C-18 NS2 / 0 0 2

As can be seen from the results, a considerable improvement of repellency properties and soil resistance were observed when the carpet samples were treated with a composition according to the invention.

Examples 210 to 215

In examples 210 to 215 cotton and polyester/cotton samples were treated with fluorochemical polyether urethane FC-UR46, so as to give an add-on level as indicated in table 18. The samples were cured at 150° C. during 10 minutes. The oil and water repellency were measured initially and after 10 HL, 20 HL, 30 HL, 40 HL and 50 HL. The results are given in Table 18.

TABLE 18
Initial Initial 10 HL 10 HL 20 HL 20 HL 30 HL 30 HL 40 HL 40 HL 50 HL 50 HL
Example Substrate % SOF OR SR OR SR OR SR OR SR OR SR OR SR
210 SHIPP 0.2 1.75 85 1 80 0 80 / / / / / /
211 SHIPP 0.5 5 100 4 100 3 100 2 100 2 100 2 78
212 SHIPP 1.0 5 100 4.25 100 4 95 3 100 3 100 3 95
213 Reeve 0.2 1 80 0 75 0 70 / / / / / /
214 Reeve 0.5 5 100 2 100 1.3 95 1  95 1  95 1 80
215 Reeve 1.0 4.25 100 3 100 2 100 2 100 2  90 2 95

Examples 216 to 217

In examples 216 to 217 cotton and polyester/cotton samples were treated with fluorochemical polyether urethane FC-UR47, so as to give an add-on level as indicated in table 19. The samples were cured at 150° C. during 10 minutes. The oil repellency was measured initially and after 10 HL. The results are given in Table 19.

TABLE 19
Example (with
FC-UR47) Substrate % SOF Initial OR 10 HL OR
216 SHIPP 0.5 4 3
1.0 5 5
217 Reeve 0.5 4 2.5
1.0 5 4

Examples 218 to 219

In examples 218 to 219 cotton and polyester/cotton samples were treated with fluorochemical polyether urethane FC-LR47, so as to give an add-on level as indicated in table 20. The samples were cured at 150° C. during 10 minutes. The stain release (K, E, and C) was measured initially and after 20 HL. The results are given in table 20.

TABLE 20
Example
(with FC- Initial 20 HL
UR47) Substrate % SOF K E C K E C
218 SHIPP 0.5 7.5 7.5 4 8 8 5.5
219 Reeve 0.5 6 5 4 6 6 5

Examples 220 to 231

In Examples 220 to 231 cotton and poly/cotton samples were treated with fluorochemical polyether urethane FC-UR44 or FC-UR45, so as to give an add-on level as indicated in table 21. The samples were cured at 150° C. during 10 minutes. Oil and water repellency data was measured initially, after 30 HL and after 50 HL. The results are given in table 21.

TABLE 21
Ex- FC- Sub- % Initial 30 HL 50 HL
ample UR strate SOF OR SR OR SR OR SR
220 FC- SHIPP 0.2 2 50 0 0 / /
UR44
221 FC- SHIPP 0.5 4 60 2 0 1 0
UR44
222 FC- SHIPP 1.0 5 75 2.25 60 2 0
UR44
223 FC- Reeve 0.2 1.75 70 0 50 / /
UR44
224 FC- Reeve 0.5 4 70 1.50 60 2 70
UR44
225 FC- Reeve 1.0 4 75 2.5 75 2 70
UR44
226 FC- SHIPP 0.2 4 50 0 0 0 0
UR45
227 FC- SHIPP 0.5 5 60 4 0 3 0
UR45
228 FC- SHIPP 1.0 5 60 5 50 4.25 0
UR45
229 FC- Reeve 0.2 3 72.5 1 60 0 0
UR45
230 FC- Reeve 0.5 4.5 70 2.5 60 2 0
UR45
231 FC- Reeve 1.0 4.5 80 3 80 2.5 77.5
UR45

Examples 232 and 233

In Examples 232 and 233 cotton and poly/cotton samples were treated with fluorochemical polyether urethane FC-UR48, so as to give an add-on level as indicated in table 22. The samples were cured at 150° C. during 10 minutes. The stain release (K, E, and C) was measured initially, after 10 HL and after 30 HL. The results are given in Table 22.

TABLE 22
Initial 10 HL 30 HL
Ex Substrate % SOF OR K E C OR K E C OR K E C
232 SHIPP 0.5 4 7 7 5 3 7 6.5 4.5 1 6.5 7 5
233 Reeve 0.5 5 6 6 4 4.75 6.5 5 5 3 6 6 5

Claims (11)

1. A fluorochemical composition comprising a dispersion of a fluorinated compound, wherein said fluorinated compound comprises the reaction product of a combination of reactants comprising:
(i) a fluorinated polyether of the formula:

R1 f—O—[CF(CF3)—CF2O]n—CF(CF3)—A—Q1—Tk
wherein R1 f represents a perfluorinated alkyl group, n is an integer of 3 to 25, A is a carbonyl group or CH2, Q1 is a chemical bond or an organic divalent or trivalent linking group and T represents a functional group capable of reacting with an isocyanate and k is 1 or 2, wherein the perfluorinated polyether group has a weight average molecular weight of at least 750 g/mol to about 100,000 g/mol;
(ii) an isocyanate component selected from a polyisocyanate compound that has at least 3 isocyanate groups or a mixture of polyisocyanate compounds wherein the average number of isocyanate groups per molecule is more than 2;
(iii) a non-fluorinated oxime blocking agent, and
(iv) optionally one or more co-reactants capable of reacting with an isocyanate group selected from water, a non-fluorinated organic compound and mixtures thereof.
2. Fluorochemical composition according to claim 1 wherein the fluorinated polyether compound corresponds to the formula:

R1 f—O—[CF(CF3)—CF2O]n—CF(CF3)—CO—X—Ra(OH)k
wherein R1 f represents a perfluorinated alkyl group, n is an integer of 3 to 25, X represents O or NRb with Rb representing hydrogen or an alkyl group of 1 to 4 carbon atoms, Ra represents an alkylene group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms and k is 1 or 2.
3. Fluorochemical composition according to claim 1 wherein said isocyanate component comprises an aromatic polyisocyanate.
4. Fluorochemical composition according to claim 1 wherein said reaction product is obtained by reacting between 5 and 100% of the isocyanate component have been reacted with said fluorinated polyether of formula (I) and wherein the remainder of the isocyanate groups has been reacted with a said one or more coreactants.
5. Fluorochemical composition according to claim 1 wherein between 10 and 60% of the isocyanate groups are reacted with said fluorinated polyether of formula (I) and between 90 and 40% of the isocyanate groups are reacted with said one or more coreactants.
6. Fluorochemical composition according to claim 1 wherein said fluorinated polyether compound is dispersed in water and wherein the number average particle size of the dispersed fluorinated polyether compound is between 50 nm and 400 mn.
7. Fluorochemical composition according to claim 1 wherein said fluorinated polyether compound is dispersed in water and wherein the aqueous dispersion contains a surfactant.
8. Fluorochemical composition according to claim 1 wherein the amount of fluorinated polyether compound in the composition is between 0.1% by weight and 10% by weight.
9. Fluorochemical composition according to claim 1 further comprising a non-fluorinated organic compound, wherein the non-fluorinated organic compound is capable of improving relative to the fluorochemical composition without said non-fluorinated organic compound, the oil repellency or water repellency that can be achieved by the fluorochemical composition on a fibrous substrate or the durability of one or both of the repellency properties.
10. Method of treatment of a fibrous substrate, comprising applying to the fibrous substrate a fluorochemical composition as defined in claim 1.
11. Method according to claim 10 wherein the amount of the fluorochemical composition applied is such that the amount of fluorinated polyether compound is between 0.2% by weight and 3% by weight relative to the weight of the fibrous substrate.
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