US703711A - Garbage or refuse can. - Google Patents

Garbage or refuse can. Download PDF

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Publication number
US703711A
US703711A US1901044238A US703711A US 703711 A US703711 A US 703711A US 1901044238 A US1901044238 A US 1901044238A US 703711 A US703711 A US 703711A
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Grant
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Prior art keywords
bottom
cans
stop
hoop
body
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Elizabeth Cochrane Seaman
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Iron Clad Mfg Company
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D1/00Containers having bodies formed in one piece, e.g. by casting metallic material, by moulding plastics, by blowing vitreous material, by throwing ceramic material, by moulding pulped fibrous material, by deep-drawing operations performed on sheet material
    • B65D1/22Boxes or like containers with side walls of substantial depth for enclosing contents
    • B65D1/26Thin-walled containers, e.g. formed by deep-drawing operations
    • B65D1/265Drinking cups

Description

E.. C.v SEAMAN.

GARBAGE 0R REFUSE CAN.

(Applx t nldJn 22 190K) l 7' .9" 3 ieffm,

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UNITED v STATES v PATENT OEEICE.

ELIZABETH COCHRANE SEAMAN, OF NEI/V YORK, N. Y., ASSIGNOR TO THE IRON CLAD MANUFACTURING COMPANY, OF NEWr YORK, N. Y., A COR- PORATION OF NEW YORK.

Q GARBAGE R REFUSE CAN.v

SPECIFICATION *forming* part of Letters Patent No. 703,711, dated July 1, 1902. .imitation flied January 22. 1901. serai No. 44,238. (No modem T0 all whom, it may concern:

Be it known that 1 ELIZABETH CooHEANE SEAMAN, a citizen ofthe United States, residingin the borough'ofManhattanJn the county 5 of New York and-State of New York, have invented certain new'and. useful Improvements in Garbage or VRefuse Cans, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to garbage or refuse Io cans particularly adapted for street use by street-cleaning departments; and the object of the invention is to provide a can of such` formation and withran improved construction of stop'or stop-face whereby it can be quickly and readily nested withicans of similar size and construction, so that a plurality of cans may be nested without the sticking or wedging ot' one within the other, and therebyenable a large number of such cans to be carzo ried from .point to point in one conveyance;

A further object of the invention is to provide a can with interiorly-located hoop or band in position to engage a part-as, foi-'instance, the bottornfof'a companion can.

In the drawings accompanying and forming part of this specification, Figure l is a sectional view of a pair of cans provided with one form of stop whereby they may be readily nested, and Figs. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 illus- 3o trate different forms of stops or stop-faces and different methodsof `assembling such stops.

Similar Vcharacters of reference designate corresponding parts in the different gures of the drawings.

For practical use by street-cleaning departl ments it is necessary that a' large number of cans be carried frompoint to point in one conveyance,and in order to do this a number-of cans .must be sov nested that.. theyzmay be" 4o readilydisassembledwithoutthe necessity of workingwith the cans in orderlto accomplish this end, which would require the employment of considerable labor`,'as Well as much loss of time, and consequently'delay and expense. This result has been attempted by making the cans of different sizes. This, however, has not been found practicable, since in order to reassemble the cans it was iirstL necessary that many hundreds be assorted,

I other causes.

which necessitated considerable loss of time. 5o

Aside from this, however, it follows that some of the cans must necessarily be of less capacity than others, since the largest can be no longer or larger than can be readily handled.

The object' of the present invention, therefore, is to provide a garbage or refuse can (ofttimes called an ash-can) of such construction that its companion cans may be of the same size and construction, and conse- 6o quently of the same capacity, while all of such cans, whether assembled before or not, may be readily nested and disassembled without the sticking or wedgingr of one relatively to another and so that when nested a large number of cans may be carried in a pile.

In that form of the improvement herein shown and described and which may. be its preferred form, if desired, the can 2, as also its companion cans, is formed with tapered side 7o walls and is provided interiorl'ythereof with means constructed to actas stops or stopfaces, so that when a plurality of cans are nested they will beheld apart, with a space 3 between the bottoms and sides thereof, thereby to positively insure a loose nesting of the same, and consequently prevent 'the sticking and wedging of the cans sometimes due to irregularities in construction as Well as to This means in the present in- 8o stance is shown located interiorly of the can and in position to engagea part of a companion can. In the present instance this means is located adjacent to the bottom of the can and .comprises a stop or stop-face formed of one or more members deriving part at least oftheir support from ythe bottom'vof the can.

In one construction:(represented in Fig. l) the'stop'fis shown as one member in the form of a'band or hoop 5, secured in position in 9o one way by having a 'part'- thereof project intermediate the bottom 7 and the walls 8 of the can, substantially as represented-inl said gure. In this'form the 'bottom maybeprovided with a depending tlangef9, by means ofwhich the bottom is riveted to the hoop and to the can-body, the hoop projecting above the bottom to any desired extent, whereby it not only acts as a stop to engage the bottom of an inserted can, but also to reinforce such bottom and the side walls of the can.

In the form shown in Fig. 2 the stop likewise comprises a hoop or band preferably riveted to the can-body above the bottom, the same not projectingin this instance intermediate such bottom and body.

In the form shown in Fig. 3 the bottom 7 is provided with a flange 7/, forming a band or v hoop which is inwardly o'r upwardly turned,

the edge thereof acting as a stop or stop-face, such ange being riveted to the can. The bottom may be reinforced, if desired, by the provision of a hoop or band 10, secured in position-as, for instance, by rivets-so as to engage the under side of such bottom.

In the form shown in Fig. +L the stops or stop-faces comprise a hoop or band 12, one part 13 thereof extending above the bottom, while another part is located intermediate the bottom and the wall of the can, it being provided with a part 14, bent around such canbody, whereby it acts to reinforce the body and the bottom and also to protect and hold the bottom of the can-body in position.

In the form shown in Fig. 5 the stop or stopface likewise comprises a hoop or band 15, located intermediate a depending liange 9/ of the bottom 7 and the body-wall 8. In this instance the bottom has its depending ange' 9 bent to inclose the lower edge of such hoop 15 and body S, whereby such hoop and body are received in a substantially Ushaped recess.

In the form shown in Fig. G the stop or stopface likewise comprises a hoop or band 16, secured iu position intermediate a depending flange fl of the bottom 7 and the body-wall 8, the lower part 17 of which hoop, however, is bent around to overlap the depending flange E) of such bottom.

In the form shown in Fig. 7 the stop or stopface likewise comprises a hoop or band 19, which is secured intermediate a flange 9 of the bottom 7 and the body-wall S, which wall 8 in this instance is bent around in such manner as to overlap the depending iiange of the bottom, so that said hoopand iiange are received in a substantially U-shaped recess.

In the form shown in Fig. 8 the lower edge of the can body is turned inwardly upon itself to provide a portion 18, located intermediate the bottom and such can-body proper, such part projecting above the bottom and acting as a stop or stop-face.

In all the forms shown it will be seen that the stops or stop-faces are reinforced and partly supported-as, for instance, by the bottom or walls of the cans clamping the same against the walls of such can or by having the bottom located under the same, so that the stops will rest thereon. When the stops are disposed at other points, the use of the bottom as a reinforcing means may be dispensed with.

In view of the various forms shown and since it is obvious that the same object may be accomplished by providing stops formed of or on the side walls of the can, either in the form of a hoop or band or in the form of independent stops, as shown in my contemporaneously-pending divisional application, Serial No. 47,923, tiled February 19, 1901, I consider within the scope of my invention any means located interiorly of the can to engage a part of a companion can, thereby to obtain the nesting of the cans without the wed ging or sticking thereof relatively to each other so long as such means derives part of its support or reinforcement from the bottom of the can.

The upper part of the can is usually protected in practice by means of a band 20,

which may be secured thereto in any desired way-as, for instance, by rivets.

The can is usually provided with handles 21, which may be located on the band 20, as in the present instance, and riveted thereto,

if desired, or they may be otherwise located and attached or otherwise formed, as occasion may require.

In use it will be seen that by the provision of the stops herein referred to when one can is inserted into another the bottom thereof 9 rests on and engages the stop or stop-face of a companion can, whereby the cans may be readily nested so that they can be easily separated.

I claim as my invention- 1. A nesting garbage or refuse can comprising a tapered body portion, a separate bottom portion reinforcing said body portion, and means secured within the body of the can at the bottom thereof, deriving part of its support from the bottom thereof and forming a supporting means in the inside of said can for permitting a series of cans of equal size to be loosely nested.

2. A nesting garbage or refuse can having a tapering body portion, a bottom reinforcing the body portion anda ring secured between the body portion and the bottom and serving as a stop upon which another can of the same size and shape may rest whereby a series of such cans may be loosely nested.

ELIZABETH COCIlR-ANE SEAMAN.

Witnesses:

EDWARD R. GILMAN, C. A. Wann.

ACO

US703711A 1901-01-22 1901-01-22 Garbage or refuse can. Expired - Lifetime US703711A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2805790A (en) * 1954-08-24 1957-09-10 Crown Machine And Tool Company Plastic containers and packaging thereof
DE1099934B (en) * 1958-01-21 1961-02-16 Otto Zweig Barrel-like Transportgefaess, in particular rubbish bin, from glass-fiber reinforced synthetic resin
US10023348B2 (en) * 2010-03-10 2018-07-17 Seda S.P.A. Stackable container

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2805790A (en) * 1954-08-24 1957-09-10 Crown Machine And Tool Company Plastic containers and packaging thereof
DE1099934B (en) * 1958-01-21 1961-02-16 Otto Zweig Barrel-like Transportgefaess, in particular rubbish bin, from glass-fiber reinforced synthetic resin
US10023348B2 (en) * 2010-03-10 2018-07-17 Seda S.P.A. Stackable container

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