US703415A - Bottle-washing machine. - Google Patents

Bottle-washing machine. Download PDF

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Publication number
US703415A
US703415A US8494500A US1900084945A US703415A US 703415 A US703415 A US 703415A US 8494500 A US8494500 A US 8494500A US 1900084945 A US1900084945 A US 1900084945A US 703415 A US703415 A US 703415A
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United States
Prior art keywords
bottles
shaft
frame
shot
bottle
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Expired - Lifetime
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US8494500A
Inventor
John George Hehr
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
EDWARD J VILSACK
JOHN J O'REILLY
JOHN J O REILLY
Original Assignee
EDWARD J VILSACK
JOHN J O REILLY
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Application filed by EDWARD J VILSACK, JOHN J O REILLY filed Critical EDWARD J VILSACK
Priority to US8494500A priority Critical patent/US703415A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US703415A publication Critical patent/US703415A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B9/00Cleaning hollow articles by methods or apparatus specially adapted thereto
    • B08B9/08Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks
    • B08B9/20Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks by using apparatus into or on to which containers, e.g. bottles, jars, cans are brought
    • B08B9/38Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks by using apparatus into or on to which containers, e.g. bottles, jars, cans are brought the apparatus cleaning by using scrapers, chains, grains of shot, sand or other abrasive means

Description

No. 703,415. Patented July 1,1902.
- J. G. HEHE.
BOTTLE WASHINGIACHINE. {Application med Oct. 23, 1900. Renewed Dac. 6, 1901.)
" 3 Sheets-Sheet l,
' (lo Model.)
WITNESSES gw/W# No. 703,4!5. Patented July 1,902'.
` J. a. HEHE. y BOTTLE WASHING MACHINE.
(Application led Oct. 23, 1900, Renewed Dec. 6,l 1901.) do Model.) 3 sheets-sheet 2,
I l wl'Tnlssns I l l I "WORJM,
/f W v No. 703,4I5. Patented .Iuly I, |902.
- J. G. HEHR.
BOTTLE WASHING MACHINE.
"Application filed Oct. 23.1900. Renewed Dec. 6, 1901.) (No Model.) 3 SheeIs Sheei 3.
1u: Nunms PETERS-co.. No1-ouwe.. wnsnmuaw. D. c
UNITEDSTTESQPTENT OFFICE.
JOHN GEORGE HEHR, OF PITTSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOR OF TWO- THIRDS TO EDWARD J. VILSAOK AND J OI-IN J. OREILLY.
BOTTLE-WASHING MACHINE.
SPECIFICATION formingpart of Letters Patent No. 703,415, dated July 1, 1902.
Application led October 23, 1900. Renewed December 6, 1901. Serial No. 84,945. (No model.)
To @ZZ whom tm/ty concern: Be it knownA that I, JOHN GEORGE HEHR, a citizen of the United States, residingat Pittsnewn and useful Improvements in Bottle- Washing Machines, of which the following is a specification.
In the accompanying drawings,which make part of this specification, Figure I is a vertical section on lineII of Fig. II, showing .a portion of the bottle-crate and a shot-holder in section. Fig. II isa horizontal cross-section on line II II of Fig. III. Fig. III is a vertical cross-section on line III III of Fig. II, showing the frame in dot-ted lines.
The object of my invention, generally stated, is to provide means for the economical and expeditious scrubbing, washing, and rinsingv of bottles or similar articles.
1 represents a stationary tank having lid 2 and foot-rests 3 3.
4 is a revolving frame having lid 5 and hubs 6 6, said hubs being secured to shaft 7 by means of bolts or pins 6' 6',passing through holes in the hubs 6 6 and corresponding holes in the shaft 7. f
8 8 are crates resting on lugs 8 8'.
9 9 are bottles resting in the compartments v82 82 of the cracks 8 8.
10 10 are spring or elastic packers secured to the lid 5 and pressing on the bottoms of bottles 9 9.
11 11 are shot-holders iiared outwardly at their mouths 11 11'.
112 112 are perforations in the shot-holders, through which the water is permitted to escape. These perforations are smaller than the diameter ofthe shot 12.
113 113 are sleeve projections acting as guides for the water-exit pipes 13 13.
14 14 are guides for the shot-cut-off valves 15 15, said valves havingports 15'15'.
16 16 are levers moving in the slots 152 152 and operating the valves 15 15. These levers are secured to shaft 17. Said shaft has its bearings in the sides of the revolving frame 4. 17' is a lever-handle attached to the ends of shaft 17, by which the valves l5 15 are 5o opened and closed. 18 18 are branch supply-pipes feeding waterto exit-pipes 13 13 and receiving their source of supply from the hollow portion 7 of shaft 7 by means of flexible tubular connection 19 and pipe 20.
21 is a lever-bar pivotally attached to one side of revolving frame 4 by means 0f bolt2l.
22 22 are sidelever-arms connected to the lever-bar 21 above its axis and secured to crank-arms 23 23 at their outer ends. The crank-arms 23 23 are keyed to shafts 24 24.
4Keyed also to shafts 24.24 are cranks 25 25.
Connected to their outerends by bolts 25' 25 are hangers26 26. These hangers 26 26 raise and lower the pipes 18 18 and their connections. Under the pipes 18 18 and secured to the hangers 26l 26 are supports 27 27, on which the pipes 18 18 rest.
27 27 are pins for forcing the pipes down.
The ends of frame 4 are slotted up to the hubs 6 6. This allows one end to be raised and the frame secured in the position lindicated by dotted linesin Fig. I by means of a pin inserted through holes 62 of the frame 4 and 63 of the shaft 7.
To operatepmy invention, catches 28 and 29 of lids2and 5' are opened, the lids 2 and l5 raised and turned back on their hinges. The
crates 8 8, containing bottles 9 9, are lowered onto projections 8 8', While the head of the bottles 9 9 rest in the mouths ,11' 11 of the shot-holders 11 11. The bottles now being in position in the revolving frame 4, lid 5 is closed and fastened by means of latch 29. The springs 10 10 or other elastic packers press on the bottoms of the bottles 9 9, holding them in position during the operation of scrubbing the interior and dousing their eX- teriors. Lid 2 is lowered and fastened by means of latch 28. Water is admitted to the hollow portion 7 of the shaft 7.` The connection from abase of supply tothe hollow shaft 7 can be by any of the'wellknown means of connecting a stationary inlet-pipe to a revolving exit-pipe 7. The waterthen passes into the iiexible tube connection 19 through pipe 2O into branch connections 18 18 through exit-pipes 13 13 into shot-holders 11 11 and bottles 9 9. The shaft 7 is given a half-turn, which reverses the position of the bottles 9 9. While the bottles remain in the reverse position with their heads up, the shot 12 12 falls IOO into them. Power is transmitted through the pulley 30 to shaft 7, turning the frame e and carrying the bottles 0 0 around with shaft 7.
The frame et is so mounted on the shaft 7 that it forms an obtuse angle to either the horizontal orvertical plane of the shaft. This obtuse angularity is imparted to the bottles, and while being whirled around with the shaft they are continuously changing their positions, causing the shot to become agitated and to be thrown uninterruptedly throughout the interior, striking the sides and bottoms of the bottles and causing a scouring or scrubbing olf of the film of starchy substance and such refuse as is usually found in bottles to be relled. Vthile the interior portions of the bottles are being scrubbed the exterior portions are repeatedly doused in the water contained in tank 1, preferably below the level of the shaft 7. After the shotting of the bottles is completed lids 2 and 5 are raised. In the meantime shot 12 12 has fallen from the bottles into holders 11. At one end of the frame 4 pin (5' is withdrawn and that end of the frame raised to the position indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 1. The pin 6 is then inserted through hole G2 of the shotted end of frame and into hole G3 of the shaft. The bottles are now ready to be rinsed. The operator draws the lever-bar 2l toward the opposite end of the frame d. This movement causes the side lever-arms 22 22 to partly turn shafts 2l 24 through their connections, crank-arms 23 23 causing cranks 25 25 to move upwardly, lifting the hangers 2G 26. The hangers 2G 2G by means of the supports 27 27, attached thereto and under the branch pipes 1S 18, raise the said branch pipes 18 1S and their connections, while still permitting the water to flow through them by means of the exible tubular connection 19. The raising of the pipes 18 18 causes the exit-pipes 13 13 to enter the necks of the bottles 9 9. The water passing into the bottles thoroughly rinses their interiors. W'hen the lever-bar 2l is drawn into the position referred to, by which the exit-pipes entered the necks of the bottles 9 9, it also brings into contact with the bottoms of the crates S S lifters 31 3l. These lifters are keyed to shafts 21 2l and raise the racks so that the heads of the bottles are out of the mouths of the shot-holders 11 11, which permits the bottles to be more thoroughly rinsed. After the bottles are rinsed the water-supply is cut olf, lever-bar 21 reversed to its normal position, racks and bottles removed, pin G withdrawn, the end of frame 1 lowered, )in
6 inserted through the hub and shaft, and the machine is ready for its next charge. Means are provided for closing the exit of the shot-holders 1l 11 when necessary to repair the machine, so that the shot will not spill out of the holders. I do not, however, limit my invention to the shot-holders being open while the machine is in operation, for assuming the lid 2 raised and the bottles held in position, as shown in Fig. I, and the Water passing into the bottles, by making a halt'- revolution of the shaft 7, bringing the bottleneck upward, the shot would drop into the bottles. Then by turning lever-handle 17 it would partly turn shaft 17 and cause lever 16 to slide valve 15 15, closing ports 15 15', keeping the shot and water in the bottles While being shotted, or I could have small openings in that part of the slide-valves which holds the shot in the bottles, while the water could enter the bottles through the openings and still retain the shot in the bottles.
I do not limit my invention to the exact means and method described; but what I desire to claim, broadly, is-
1. In a bottle-washing machine, the combination of a revolving shaft, a frame mounted on said shaft obliquely to the vertical, transverse and longitudinal planes intersecting said shaft, means for securing bottles in said frame, and means for cleaning said bottles.
2. In a bottle-washing machine, the combination of a revolving shaft, a frame attached to said shaft, means for lowering and raising one end of said frame, means for securing bottles in said frame and means for cleaning said bottles.
In a bottle-washing machine, the combination of a tank, a rotating shaft secured in said tank, a frame mounted on said shaft obliquely to the vertical, transverse and longitudinal planes intersecting said shaft, means for securing bottles in said frame and means for cleaning said bottles.
i. In a bottle-washing machine, the combination of a tank, a rotating shaft secured in said tank, a frame mounted on said shaft at an obtuse angle to the line of said shaft, a lid secured to the top of said frame,packers secured to said lid and adapted to press on the bottom of bottles, said bottles resting in racks, said racks secured in said frame and means for cleaning said bottles.
Signed at Pittsbui'g this 20th day of October, 1900.
JOHN GEORGE IIEHR. Vitnesses:
Gno. 1I. HARVEY, N. W. CAsKEY.
IOC
IIO
US8494500A 1900-10-23 1900-10-23 Bottle-washing machine. Expired - Lifetime US703415A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2460657A (en) * 1944-12-22 1949-02-01 Lancaster Processes Inc Method and apparatus for peening the inside of tubes and other hollow bodies

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2460657A (en) * 1944-12-22 1949-02-01 Lancaster Processes Inc Method and apparatus for peening the inside of tubes and other hollow bodies

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