US695605A - Machine for forming ring-packing. - Google Patents

Machine for forming ring-packing. Download PDF

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Publication number
US695605A
US695605A US6551801A US1901065518A US695605A US 695605 A US695605 A US 695605A US 6551801 A US6551801 A US 6551801A US 1901065518 A US1901065518 A US 1901065518A US 695605 A US695605 A US 695605A
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United States
Prior art keywords
shaft
plate
head
machine
wad
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US6551801A
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Olin J Garlock
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Garlock Packing Co
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Garlock Packing Co
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q39/00Metal-working machines incorporating a plurality of sub-assemblies, each capable of performing a metal-working operation
    • B23Q39/04Metal-working machines incorporating a plurality of sub-assemblies, each capable of performing a metal-working operation the sub-assemblies being arranged to operate simultaneously at different stations, e.g. with an annular work-table moved in steps
    • B23Q39/042Metal-working machines incorporating a plurality of sub-assemblies, each capable of performing a metal-working operation the sub-assemblies being arranged to operate simultaneously at different stations, e.g. with an annular work-table moved in steps with circular arrangement of the sub-assemblies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T408/00Cutting by use of rotating axially moving tool
    • Y10T408/36Machine including plural tools
    • Y10T408/38Plural, simultaneously operational tools
    • Y10T408/3806Plural, simultaneously operational tools with plural simultaneously operational work stations
    • Y10T408/3809Successively acting on workpiece
    • Y10T408/381Pivotally mounted, work-advancing, work-supporting means, pivot-axis parallel to tool-axis
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T408/00Cutting by use of rotating axially moving tool
    • Y10T408/36Machine including plural tools
    • Y10T408/38Plural, simultaneously operational tools
    • Y10T408/3828Plural, simultaneously operational tools with work-infeed
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T408/00Cutting by use of rotating axially moving tool
    • Y10T408/65Means to drive tool
    • Y10T408/675Means to drive tool including means to move Tool along tool-axis
    • Y10T408/6771Means to drive tool including means to move Tool along tool-axis with clutch means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T82/00Turning
    • Y10T82/16Severing or cut-off
    • Y10T82/16147Cutting couple straddling work

Description

I PatBnted Mar. la, I902.
o. GARLOCK. MACHINE FOR FORMING RING PACKING.
(Application filed. Jude 2!, 1901.)
5 Sheats 'Sheei l.
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(No Model.)
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N0. 695 605. j Patented Mar. l8, I902.
0. J. GARLOCK.
MACHINE FOR FORMING RING PACKING. (Application filed Julie 21, 1901.}
(No Model.) 5 Sheets-sheet 2.
I AA i No. 695,605; Patented Mar. 18,. 1902.
- 0.J.'GARLOCK.
MACHINE FOR FORMING RING PACKING.
(Application filed June 21, 1901.,-
(No Model.) 5 Sheets-Sheet 3.
II .0 II F I f Y Inventor: wmM T319. 11 0 9M Z9 x2 ma l/W 14;
Patentnd Mar. 18, I902. 0. J. GI\RI.0I'.'J(.' MACHINE FOR FORMING RING BACKING (Applicp-tion filed June 21 19.01.)
' 5$haata Shaat 4.
(No Model.)
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No. 695,605. Pa'tented Mar. l8 1902.-
0. J. GABLOGK.
MACHINE FOR FORMING RING PACKING.
(Application filed June 21, 1901;
v 5 Sheets-Sheet 5;
(No Model.)
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
OLIN J. GARLOOK, on PALMYRA, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR TO GARLOCK PACKING COMPANY, on
PALMYRA, NEW YORK.
MACHINE FOR FORMING RING-PACKING.
SPECIFICATION fumin part of Letters Patent No. 695,605, dated March 18, 1902.
Application filed June 21, 1901.
accompanying drawings.
My invention is a machine for rapidly and cheaply forming small packing-rings from circular disks of packing material, the same being hereinafter fully described, and more particularly pointed out in the claims.
Referring to the drawings, Figure 1 is a. front elevation of the machine with some parts broken away and omitted. Fig. 2 is-an end elevation of the machine seen as indicated by arrow 2 in Fig. 1 with some parts omitted. Fig. 3 is a vertical cross-section of the machine, taken on the dotted line 3 3 in Fig. 1, parts being broken away and omitted. Fig. 4 is a plan of the machine with parts broken away, partsbeing shown in two positions by full and dotted lines. Fig. 5 is a front elevation of the perforated wad-plate detached. Fig. 6 is a vertical cross-section of the machine, taken on the dotted line 6 6 in Fig. 1, further showing the constru ction, parts being omitted. Fig. 7 is a vertical cross-section'on the dotted line 7 7 in Fig. 1, parts being broken away. Fig. 8 is an end view of the machine seen as indicated by arrow 8 in Fig.1, a part being broken away and the shifting crank shown in two positions by full and dotted lines. Fig. 9 further shows parts of the intermitting mechanism, the crank being shown in two positions by full and dotted lines. Fig. 10 is a face view of the wad-plate and the feeder, the section being as on the dotted line 66 in Fig. 1. Fig. 11 isa view of the feeder and associatedparts seen as indicated by arrow 11 in Fig. 10, parts being broken away. Fig. 12 is a front elevation of parts at. the middle of the machine with parts shown in Va.- rious positions by full and dotted lines. Fig. 13 is a front elevation of apart of the safetystop mechanism. Fig. 14 is an end View of the safety-stop barrel seen as indicated by arrow 14. in Fig. 13. Fig. 15 is a longitudinalsection of the safety-stop barrel, showingthein- Serial No. 65,518. (No model.)
tion being as on the vertical dotted line 17 17 in Fig. 16. Fig. 18 is a front elevation of parts, showing the engagement of the tripbolt with the trip-bar. Fig. 19 is a front elevation of the wad-discharger and associated parts, the section being as on the vertical dotted line 19 in Fig. 10. Fig. 20 shows the primary wad-backer and associated parts, parts being in horizontal longitudinal section as on the dotted line 20 in Fig. 12. Fig. 21 is a view of the core-dis'placer with associatedparts, parts being in horizontal section as on the dotted line 20 in Fig. 12. Fig. 22 is a plan of the secondary cutter-shaft with associated parts, parts being horizontally sectioned as on the dotted line 22 in Fig. 12. Fig. 23 is aside elevation of the secondary cutter-headwith parts broken away, parts being in vertical section as on the dotted line 23 in Fig. 22. Fig. 2k is an end view of the cutter-head seen as indicated by arrow in Fig. 23. Fig. 25 is a side elevation of the upper part of the middle standard of the frame, showing the perforations and some associated parts. Fig. 26 shows the wad before being acted upon by the primary cutter. Fig.
27 shows the same after being out half through by the primary revolving cutter. Fig. 28
shows the completed ring, the center piece having been separated from the annular'part a diametrical section of a part at the center of the wad-plate, taken as on the dotted line 32 32 in Fig. 5, further showing the form of the parts and the manner of accurately placing the wadplate upon the intermitting spindle. Fig. 33 is a rear elevation of the reciprocating cam and associated parts, parts being broken away and other parts shown in various positions by full and dotted lines. Fig. 34: is a horizontal section of parts on the primary eutter-shaft, taken as on the dotted line 34: in Fig. 7, parts being broken away. Figs. 1 to 4 and 6 are drawn to a scale about one-sixth size, Figs. 7 to 9 and 33 to a scale one-fourth size, Figs. 5 and 10 to 12 to a scale one-third size, Figs. 13 to 18, 21 and 22, 29 to 32, and 3 1 to a scale one-half size, Figs. 19 and 20 to a scale three-fourths size, and Figs. 23, 24, 26, 27, and 28 are drawn full size.
Referring to the parts shown, A, Figs. 1 to S, is the frame of the machine, supported upon suitable legs B.
O, D, and E are standards secured to the frame to support the working parts of the device.
F is the driving-shaft of the machine, held by the standards and provided at its overhanging end with a step-pulley G upon which to receive an ordinary driving-belt to actuate the machine.
H is a spindle resting in hearings in the standards 0 D, provided at its right-hand end with a circular wad-plate or perforated disk I, rigid with the spindle.
K is a notched or recessed intermitting wheel rigid with the overhanging end of the spindle H.
L is a crank for turning the wheel If at intervals, held upon a shaft M, resting in bearings in the standards C D.
N is a pinion on the driving-shaft F engaging a gear 0 on the shaft M, by means of which the latter is turned to actuate the wheel K and spindle II.
P is a clutch-section rigid with the pinion Nand with said pinion adapted to turn freely on the shaft F.
R is a sliding clutch-section held to turn with the shaft F and adapted to engage the section P for driving the machine.
S is aleverforcontrolling the sliding clutchsection B for starting or stopping the machine while the shaft F continues to rotate.
T (see also Fig. 20) is a primary cuttershaft, and U (see Figs. 12 and 22 to 24) asecondary cutter-shaft for cutting the center pieces m Figs. 27 and 30, out of the blank disks or wads to form the packing-rings. The former shaft is rapidly rotated by means of apinion V thereon, Figs. 1 and t, engaged by a gear \V, rigid with the driving-shaft F, and the shaft U is similarly rotated by means of a pinion X on said shaft, Figs. 1 and 2, engaged by a gear Y, rigid with the drivingshaft. The pinions V and X are not rigid with the respective shafts T and U, but
splined thereon, so while turning with the shafts the latter may each move endwise through its pinion.
Z, Figs. 1, 2, and 12, is a shaft coaxial with the spindle H, normally rigid in the standard E and connected with said spindle, preferably by means of a conical antifriction-bearing a, as shown in Figs. 4, 10, and 32, which serves to keep the two shafts accurately in line.
A, Figs. 3, 4, and 12, is a carrying-head adapted to slide or have longitudinal motion upon the shaft Z.
B, Figs. 1 to 7, is a camrigid with the shaft M, and O a vertical link adapted to be moved alternately forward and back by means of a roller 1), Fig. 7, held by an extended part 01 of the link in position to traverse the sinuous race in the cam as the latter revolves.
D, Figs. 1, 3, and 7, is a horizontal bar rigid with the link 0 and connected at its opposite endwith a pair of rocker-arms E, Figs. 1, 3, and 4, adapted to turn upon trunnions 0, held by a horizontal floor or plate F, joining the standards D E.
At their upper ends the rocker-arms E engage between lugs d on opposite sides of the carrying-head A, Figs. 1, 3, and 4, by means of which said head is reciprocated by the cam B along the rigid shaft Z, the bar D sliding through a bearing in the standard D. At its upper end the link 0 is connected with the primary cutter-shaft T by means of a pin e, Figs. 7, 33, and 34., projecting from a ring k on the shaft and piercing the linle By this means the cam as it revolves serves also to reciprocate the shaft T endwise in its hearings in the standards C D. The shaft turns freely within the ring, the latter being held to place on the shaft by means of aloose washer o and collar 19 made rigid with the shaft.
From the deseriptionof the device so far given it will be understood that in the reciproeatory motions of the parts the carrying head A on one side of the wad-plate I and the primary cutter-shaft T on the other side of said plate move alternately toward and from the plate and each other as the cam B revolves. The wad-plate is formed with six equal circular perforations O 1 2 3 t 5, Figs. 5 and 10, the axes of which are parallel with the axis of the plate. These perforations are equally spaced in a circle concentric with the plate, and within them the blank wads or disks 9 of packing material are received and the several operations of forming the rings successively performed. The carrying-head A is coaxial with the wad-plate and formed,
with circular longitudinal openings, Figs. 2 and 3, opposite and in line with the respective openings 1 to 5 in the wad-plate for holding tools in position to enter said latter openings as the head is moved forward. The middle standard D, Figs. and 29, is likewise perforated for holding horizontal parts and tools opposite and in line with the openings IIO .eeaeos 1 to 5 in the wad-plate to coactwith the opposing'tools in the'carrying-head, said five openings in the carrying-head, the wad-plate, and the standard D being in line one with another.
G, Figs. 4, 10, 11, and 12, is an inclined feeder for the device, held adjacent to the front face of the wad-plate I, having a race or channel f, down through which the blanks or wads g descend, the wads being supplied to the feeder by hand. The feeder is formed at its lower end with an angular part h to arrest the downward-moving wads and hold the lower one exactly opposite or in front of the opening 1 of the wad-plate. When in this position, the wad is driven laterally into the opening by a plunger vi, FigsJ l, 4, and 11 to 17, held in the carrying-headA", when the latter is moved forward, as already described,the wad when driven home resting against a rigid stop or backing It, held by the standard D,as shown in Fig. 20. The feeder is held to place by a stand w, Figs. 10 and 12, secured to the floor F. of the machine, a clamping-bolt 'u in the stand occupying a vertical slot 00 in the feeder, which permits of vertical adjustments of the latter to accommodate wads of different diameters.
The intermitting wheel Kis formed with six equally-spaced radial openings 1, Fig. 8,
which are successively entered by the pin m,
occupied by the one ahead of it, the plate resting for a time after each advance motion. A wad is driven into each opening in the plate, as above described, as the latter is turned to bring the openings successively into, position, and each wad after being advanced to.
the'position 2, Fig. 10, opposite. the primary revolving cutter n, is acted upon by said cut-' ter moving from the left by the reciprocating link 0, as stated. This cutter forms a cir-' cular kerf or incision 1' Fig. 27, half-way through the wad, the latter being held against displacement. from the pressure of the cutter by. a spring-actuated block or backer 0,.of'
wood, Figs. 1, 12, and 20,'supported by the carrying-head A and advanced against the wad by a forward motion of said head; An-
other shift of the wad-plate brings the open M, will be clearly understood by viewing Figs.
ing holding the incised wad to the position 3, where the wad is acted upon by the secondary cutter 19, Figs. 1, 12, 22m 24, moving from the right, held in the secondary cutter-shaft U, supported by the carrying-head A. The cutter 1), acting on the uncut side of the wad, completes the severing of the center piece m Fig. 27, from the outer part'or ring Z without, however, displacing the parts. The two cutters n and 'r are adjusted to describe cir cles of equal diameters, so as to form a straight and true hole through the wad. The next turn of the plate brings the wad to the position 4., Fig. 10, where the center piece m is driven out of the ring Z by a spring-controlled punch r, Figs.21, 30, and 31, and, when the completed ring reaches the position 5 by another turn of the plate I it is pushed out of the latter by a discharger 5, Figs. 4 and 31, rigid in the carrying-head A, into a spout or conveyer H, Figs. 4, 10, 29, and 31. This conveyer is a hollow inclined body supported from the standard .1) by a bolt or stud 5 Figs. 4, 29, and 31, adjacent to the rear face of the wadplate. The conveyer is formed with an opening t opposite the opening 5 in the wad-plate, through which opening 25 the ring 1 is pushed by the discharger 3 into the conveyer, as shown. I
The several actions performed upon the wad and the parts thereof while in the openings in the wad-plate are simultaneous, the actions all taking place at each'forward motion of the primary cutter-shaft T and the carrying-head A, as above described-that is to say, at each advance motion of these parts a fresh wad is 7 taken into the wad-plate at 1 and a completed ring is pushed outof'the plate at 5. The parts of the machine are so timed that these ad- Vance motions of the shaft T and .the'carrying-head occur during theintervals of rest of the wad-plate and the intermitting wheel K, c
said plate and. wheel in their turn moving while the shaft T and the carrying-head are back'o'ut of the way. This harmony of action among the parts of the machine results from shaft 7, it is formed with a downwardly-projecting part 25, Figs. 1, 3, and 12,.adaptedto traverse in a longitudinal race between guidestrips'u, u' on the flo'or'F. Also in construct- IIO ingthe machine the wad-plate is pierced by openings y, Fig. 5, which pass upon'longitudinal pins 2, Figs. 10 and 32, projecting from the hub a of the intermitting spindle Hfto accurately determine the relative position of .said'plate and hub. By these means the'oper'ating-tools i 0 s, &c., carried by the carry:
ing-head, are caused to always centrally enter the openings in the wad-plate at each forward motion of the head.
The action of the crank L, held bythe shaft 8 and 9. As the crank turns th pin m will strike into an openingfl in the wheel K, as appears in Fig. 8, and turning the wheel through a one-sixth'revolution the pin will .pass out of the opening,'as appears by dotted'position v in Fig. 9,'leaving the wheel in position for the pin to enter the next succeeding opening asthe crank comes around. By. this means the wheel and the wad plate I are turned intermittently through exactly one-sixth of a complete revolution at each action of the crank. It is necessary that the plate I be maintained accurately in position during its periods of rest and while the operations above described are being performed upon the wads. To insure this, the intermitting wheel K needs to be held exactly to place by positive action during its periods of rest. This is effected by forming said wheel with peripheral circular indentations or recesses 9 between the openings 1 and providing the crank Lwith a circular projecting disk It to occupy the re cesses g while the wheel is at rest. The radius of the recesses and of the disk 72 are substantially equal, so the latter practically fills each recess as it is presented, as shown in Fig. 9, this occurring whilethe crank-pin m is idling or moving around. from one opening 1 to the next in succession. The wheel K and the plate I are thus prevented from shifting until the former is again engaged by the pin of the crank. The disk ha is cutaway to form a circular notch orindentation t to make way for the adjacent edge of the intermitting wheel while the crank is acting on the wheel, as stated, the radius of the notch 2' being equal to that of the wheel. The relation of this notch 71 with the wheel is shown by the dotted position of the crank in Fig. 8.
The cup a holding the wooden body 0, Figs. 1, 12, and 20, is formed with a lengthened reduced part or red 1), extending back through abearing in the standard E, the rod being, provided with a spiral spring 0 in a hollow barrel (1', held rigidly in the carrying head A by a set-screw e. Thisallows the body 0 to yield if too hardly pressed, and by means of a screw-nut f, threaded on the rod against the barrel (1, the end pressure of the body 0 against the wad may be regulated.
The punch 0, Figs. 21 and 30, for displacing the center pieces of the rings is also preferably provided with an actuating-spring g in a barrel 72 held rigidly in the carryinghead A by a set-screw 11, having an adjusting threaded nut To for setting the punch.
The standard D holds a body Z, of wood, Figs. 1 and 12, opposite the secondary cutterhead 1)", with its free end adjacent tothe rear face of the plate I to hold the wad against the thrust of the secondary cutter p.
The wads, Figs. 10 and 26, are slightly larger in diameter than that of the openings in the plate I and enter the latter snugly, and it sometimes occurs that a wad may enter an opening irregularly or improperly and catch on the side of the opening or otherwise, resulting in bringing an unusual pressure against the primary plunger 1', with a liability to overstrain the parts. These accidents are provided against by the following means: The plunger, as shown in Figs. 13 to 17, is held in a hollow barrel m, resting in the carrying-head A, having at its inner end a block or shoe or, adapted to move longitudinally in the barrel. This shoe and the inner end of the plunger are pierced by an axial threaded rod 0, upon which is placed a spiral spring 17'. The rear end of the rod is held to move freely through a sleeve r, threaded in the rear end of the barrel, serving to confine the spring between its inner end and the shoe n, a turning of the sleeve one way or the other serving to regulate the tension of the spring. Thus should the plunger at any time encounter a misplaced wad, as stated, it will yield backward against the spring, the parts as suming the positions shown by dotted lines in Fig. 16.
8', Figs. 1, 3, 6, '7, 10, 12, and 18, is a horizontal bar resting upon the door F and joined to the lever S, as shown. This bar pierces the standard D and the stand 20 under the feeder G, having an upturned part or hook t at its free end. The carrying-head A is formed with a vertical tubular part u, holding a trip-bolt '0', with its lower end adapted to engage the hook t. The barrel m is formed with a ledge 10', Figs. 12, 16, and 17, and the trip-bolt v is provided with a horizontal bent finger 0c, the free end of which norm ally rests upon the ledge 10, as shown, said finger occupying a vertical slot y in the tubular part it. A spring 2, connected with the finger a2, tends to draw the bolt v downward in position to engage the trip-bar s, as shown by dotted lines in Fig. 12 and in Fig. 17. When the finger .00 rests on the ledge w, the tripbolt is held out of engagement with the bar 3. A longitudinal flat spring 0., Figs. 12, 16, and 17, secured to the barrel 112, has its thickenedfree end in position to engage the end of the finger m and to be engaged by the shoe or when the plunger 2' is pressed backward, as above stated. The surfaces of contact between said shoe and the spring a are inclined, so that when the plunger 71 is pushed back the spring 0. will be pressed outward to the dotted position shown in Fig. 16, serving to disengage the finger x and allow the bolt 2; to engage the trip-bar s, as stated. The pressure against the plunger from the cause stated can occuronly when the carrying-head Ais moved forward, in which case the lower end of the trip-boltis atthe left of the hook I of the bars, so that when said bolt is allowed to drop, as stated, it will catch thehook t, and the succeeding backward motion of the carrying-head will draw the clutch member Rout from engagement with the member P, and so quickly step the machine.
When a wad enters an opening in the plate I improperly, as stated, it needs to be removed. This is effected by means of a discharger U, Figs. 1, 4, and 19, held within the stop 76, provided with a spring 0 to actuate it. The outer end of the discharger is formed with teeth d engaged by a vertical toothed stem 6 held by an enlarged part f of the stop 7c. By turning the stem the end of the discharger will be carried against the misplaced wad, and so force it out of the plate, this being done while the latter is at rest, the machine being stopped, as stated.
The center pieces m are pushed by the punch into a-cavity 10 in the end of a cylindrical body or receiver 2 Figs. 29, 30, and 31, held by thestandard D adjacent to the wad-plate. This cavity opens out at the lower side of the part zithrough which the center pieces drop, as indicated by arrow 00 into some ordinary conveyer or receptacle. (Not shown.)
These packing-rings are required of different external and internal diameters, and to produce the various sizes required a series of wad-plates I are supplied for the machine uniform in make except asl to-the diameters of the openings 0 to 5, which vary according to the diameters of the primary blank wads previously formedby'means not involved in this invention; also, in forming these'plates it'is sometimes found desirable to flute the openings therein, as shown in Figs. 5 and-6, to hold the blank wads from being turned by the action of the revolving cutters n and p.
What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. A machinefor forming packing-rings, having a plate formed with a series of perfo rations,and a carrying head or'body adapted to carry a series of operating-tools to enter said perforations, and means for giving said head or body reciprocal motion's,substan tiall y.
as and for the purpose specified.
2. A machine for forming packing-rings, having a circular body or plate formedwith a series of perforations arranged in a circle, in combination with a carrying-head having perforations arranged in a circle corresponding with the'perforations in said plate, and means for turning the latter and for reciprocating the carr'ying-head,substantially as and for the purpose specified. f
3. A machine for forming packing-rings, having a plate formed with a series of circular longitudinal perforations equally spaced and arranged in a circle concentric with the plate, in'combination" with a carrying-head having a series of longitudinal perforations in a circle coaxial with the perforations in the plate, with means for reciprocating the carrying-head and for giving the plate intermitting circular motion, substantially as shown and described.
4. A machine for forming packing-rings, comprising a perforated plate, and a carry? ing-head adapted for holding a series of operating-tools on one side of the plate, anda tool-carrying shaft on theotherside of the plate, the latter and-the carrying-head being coaxial with said tool-carrying shaft, with .means for moving the latter and said'carrying-head alternately toward and from said as set forth. 7
coaxial with said tool-carrying shaft, with means for moving the latter and the carryinghead simultaneously toward and then from the plate, with periods of rest after each backward motion of said parts, substantially as described.
61 A machine for forming packing-rings, comprising a plate, a tool-carrying head and a tool-carrying shaft on opposite sides of the plate, with means for'moving said head and shaft simultaneously toward and then from the'plate, followed by periods of rest, and
means for turning the plate during saidpe- 'riods of rest of the tool-carrying parts, subcomprising a circular plate having a series of circular longitudinal perforations equally spaced around a circle concentric with' the plate, in combination with a carrying-head for carrying a series of tools, and meansfor reciprocating the head to cause the tools to enter said perforations at intervals, and "for turning the plate intermittently through parts of arevolution equal to the circular distance between the centers of adjacent perforations,
substantially as set forth. 1
9. A machine forforming packing-rings, comprising a rotary shaft, a circular plate on theshaft, and a wheel -rigidwith-the shaft, and means to turn said'wheel, in combination with a fixed shaft coaxial with said rotatory shaft, and a carrying-head on the fixed'shaft,
with means to reciprocate said head, substa'n I tially as shown and described.
10. A machine for forming pack'ing rings, comprising a shaft, a plate on the shaft, a
-wheel rigid with the shaft, the plate having a series of" perforations in a circle equally spaced, and means for turning the Wheel in-,
termittently through parts of revolution equal to the distance between adjacent per forations in theplate, substantially as shown 'and'set forth.
11. A- machine for forming packing-rings, comprising a shaft, a circular 'plateon' the too IIO
shaft, a wheel rigid with the'shaft, the plate I having a series of perforations,-and the wheel having indentations equal in number to the perforations in the plate, and-means for turning said wheelin'termittently through parts of a revolution equal to the distance between two adjacent indentations therein, and a car'- rying-head adapted-to move successively tow'ardand fromsaid plate, and means for reciprocating' said carrying-head substantially 12. -Amachinefor forming packing-rings,
comprising a shaft,a"circular plate 'onthe shaft, a wheel rigid with the shaft, the plate having equally-spaced perforations and the wheel having equally-spaced openings equal in number with the perforationsin the plate, and a crank adapted to engage with the openings in the wheel to intermittently turn the latter, and means for turning the crank, substantially as specified.
13. A machine for forming packing-rings, comprising a rotatory shaft, a circular plate on the shaft, and a wheel rigid with the shaft, the plate having a series of perforations equally spaced around a circle concentric with the shaft, and the wheelhaving equallyspaced peripheral indentations equal in numher to the perforations in the plate, and means for turning said wheel intermittently through parts of a revolution equal to the circular distance between adjacent indentations, in combination with a fixed shaft coaxial with said rotatory shaft, and a carrying-head on the fixed shaft, with means to reciprocate'it toward and from the plate, said head having perforations or seats for holding a series of tools opposite the perforations in the plate and adapted to enter the latter as the carrying-head is advanced, substantially as specified.
14:. A machine for forming packing-rings, comprising a rotatory shaft, a circular plate on the shaft, and a Wheel rigid with the shaft, the plate having a series of perforations equally spaced in a circle concentric with the axis of the shaft, and the wheel having equally-spaced peripheral indentations equal in number to the perforations in the plate, a counter-shaft and crank thereon having a pin adapted to engage with the indentations in the wheel to turn the latter, with means to rotate said counter-shaft, anda fixed shaft and carrying-head thereon, and means to reciprocate said carrying-head, substantially as described and shown.
15. A machine of the kind described, comprising a rotatory shaft and circular plate thereon, a wheel rigid with the shaft, and means for turning the wheel, in combination with a fixed shaft coaxial with said rotatory shaft and having a bearing thereon, and a non-rotatory carrying-head on the fixed shaft, with means for giving said carrying-head reciprocal motions, substantially as shown and described.
16. A machine for forming packing-rings, having a rotatory shaft provided with a circular plate and a wheel, a counter-shaft with crank to engage the wheel, a fixed shaft concentric with said rotatory shaft, a carryinghead on the fixed shaft on one side of said plate, a cutter-shaft on the other side of said plate, a cam on the counter-shaft, and means for connecting said cam with said cuttershaft and the carrying-head and for rotating the counter-shaft, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
17. A machine for forming packing-rings, having a rotatory shaft provided with a circutuated by said cam, and a connecting-bar for the link and said rocker-arms, with means to rotate said counter-shaft, whereby the cuttershaft and the carrying-head are caused to move simultaneously alternately toward and from the circular plate,substantiall y as shown and described.
18. Amachine of the kind described,having a driving'shaft provided with engaging clutch members one being shiftable, a fixed shaft parallel with the driving-shaft, a carrying-head on the fixed shaft, with means for reciprocating the carrying-head, a trip-bolt held by the carrying-head, a lever for actuating the shiftable clutch member, a bar connected with said lever, and adapted to be engaged by the trip-bolt, and means for actuating the latter, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
19. A machine of the kind described,having a driving-shaft provided with a rigid clutch, and a movable clutch to engage the rigid clutch, a carrying-head with means to reciprocate it, a trip-bolt held by the carrying-head, mechanism connecting the trip-bolt and the said movable clutch, a barrel held by the carrying-head parallel with the driving-shaft, a. spring-pressed axial shaft in said barrel, a spring held by the barrel to engage said tripbolt, and to be engaged by said axial shaft, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
20. A machine of the kind described, comprising a circular plate, a carrying-head having a cutter-holder on one side of said plate, and a longitudinally-movable cutter-carryin g shaft on the other side of the p1ate,with means for reciprocating said carrying-head and the cutter-carrying shaft simultaneously toward and from said plate in lines parallel with the axis of the latter, and for rotating said cutter-holders, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
21. A machine of the kind described,having a circular plate formed with equally-spaced perforations in a circle, a carrying-head having a rotatory cutter-holder on one side of said plate coaxial with a perforation in the plate and adapted to move longitudinally toward or from said perforation, and a rotatory shaft carrying a cutter on the other side of the plate, coaxial with a perforation in the plate and adapted to move toward or from the perforation,with means for reciprocating the carrying-head and said cutter-carrying shaft to cause the cutters to enter said opposing perforations at intervals, and for rotating said cutter-holders, substantially as shown and described.
22. A machine of the kind described,havin g a perforated rotatory plate, a rigid body on one side of the plate formed with a cavity opposite and coacting with said perforation in the plate, and a reciprocating part or shaft on the other side of the plate adapted to enter said perforation in the plate, with means for 0p-v erating said reciprocating part, substantially as shown and described. I
In Witness whereof I have-hereunto set my OLIN J. 'GARLO-CK. o i a
US6551801A 1901-06-21 1901-06-21 Machine for forming ring-packing. Expired - Lifetime US695605A (en)

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