US687549A - Stove or furnace. - Google Patents

Stove or furnace. Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US687549A
US687549A US4161500A US1900041615A US687549A US 687549 A US687549 A US 687549A US 4161500 A US4161500 A US 4161500A US 1900041615 A US1900041615 A US 1900041615A US 687549 A US687549 A US 687549A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
stove
fire
pot
passage
fuel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US4161500A
Inventor
James Wilson
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to US4161500A priority Critical patent/US687549A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US687549A publication Critical patent/US687549A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES
    • F24B5/00Combustion-air or flue-gas circulation in or around stoves or ranges
    • F24B5/02Combustion-air or flue-gas circulation in or around stoves or ranges in or around stoves
    • F24B5/04Combustion-air or flue-gas circulation in or around stoves or ranges in or around stoves the air or gas passing downwards through the bottom of the stove of fire grate

Definitions

  • This invention relates to stoves or furnaces; and it consists of the novel construction, combination, and arrangement of parts here inafter shown, described, and claimed.
  • the object of this invention is to'provide an improved stove or furnace having means for creating either an up or down draft.
  • Another object is to provide a stove or furnace constructed so that the fire can be started below the fuel by means of an updraft and after the fuel has become ignited it can be inverted within the fire-pot, placing the fire above the fuel, and a downdraft created, thereby consuming a maximum portion of the gases and radiating greater heat with a small amount of fuel than is given by an ordinary stove using a larger amount of fuel.
  • Another object is to provide a reversible fire-pot which may be operated after the fire has been started to overturn the fuel contained therein, bringing the fire to the top, so that the flames will pass through the fuel when the downdraft is created.
  • Figure 1 is a vertical sectional view of my improved stove, taken on the line 0 c of Fig. 3.
  • Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view taken on the line at d of Fig. 4 substantially at right angles to that shown in Fig. 1.
  • Fig. 3 is a horizontal sectional view taken on the line a a of Fig. 1
  • Fig. 4 is a horizontal sectional view taken on the line b b of Fig. 2.
  • 1 indicates the wall of the stove, leading through which are two openings 2, one of them near the top-of the stove and the other near the bottom.
  • the pipe or flue 3 is rigid with the wall of the stove for receiving the products of combustion from the openings 2 and conveying them to any suitable outlet.
  • the said grate 5 is arranged in the form of a bowl the stove, one of said trunnions projecting outwardly and adapted to receive a crank 9, whereby it can be inverted whenever it is desired to create a downdraft within the stove.
  • the said fire-pot is provided with short-projections 10, which operate between the bars of the grate 5 and assist in guiding the firepot around into the required position whenever it is operated by the crank 9.
  • the stove is provided with a door 11, leading from which is a chute 12, which extends downwardly within the stove and terminates above the fire-pot 7.
  • the purpose of the chute 12 is to receive and guide the fuel into the firepot.
  • a draft-passage 13 which extends downwardly and has its lower end bent inwardly above the fire-pot in order to guide the draft so that it will pass through the fire.
  • the said draft-passage is provided with a slide-damper 14, whereby it may be closed whenever it is desired to use the updraft or to cutoff the supply of air from the interior of the stove.
  • the draft-passage 13 is located at the side of the stove and has its lower end extended out near the center of the stove and terminating directly above the firepot. This arrangement leaves a freer space for the updraft and does not interfere with the passage of the smoke to the upper outlet when the updraft is used.
  • the stove is provided with the usual ashpit, having an ordinary door 15, provided with openings and a slide-damper, whereby the passage of air or draft may be admitted or cut off, as required.
  • a guide 16 for receiving and guiding the ashes into the ash-pit.
  • 17 indicates a valve for closing the opening 2 at the top of the stove, and 18 denotes a damper for closing the pipe 2 at the bottom.
  • the fire is started within the fire-pot by means of an updraft, the air passing through the ashpit and upwardly through the fire-pot and fuel and the products of combustion passing out through the opening 2 adjacent to the top of the stove, the valve 17 being left open to permit the passage.
  • the valve 14 is closed to shut out the air from the draft-passage 13 until the fuel becomes thoroughly ignited, after which the openings through the door 15 are closed and the valve14 is moved to admit the air into the draft-passage 13.
  • the valve-17 is moved to close the opening 2, and the damper 18 is opened to allow the draft to pass out through the outlet.
  • the crank 9 is then turned to reverse the fire-pot 7, which, as above stated, is pivotally supported within thegrate, which operation brings the fire above the fuel and causes the flames to pass through the fuel as the airis admitted through the downdraft-passage 13.
  • the flange 14 provents any of thegases from passing around and above the fire-pot, so that a maximum portion thereof will be consumed by the flames which pass downwardly through the fuel. This results in greater heat being radiated from asmall amount of fuel than can be generated by an ordinary stove using a larger amount of fuel.
  • the stove is simple in construction, easily operated, and is devoid of all useless appurtenances'.
  • a stove having a grate in the form of a bowl, a reversible fire-pot, supported within the grate,.a draft-passage leading from the top atone side of the stove. and terminating near the center of the'stove above the fire- .pot, a pipe 3 atone side of the stove,- openair and smoke through the pipe, and. means for turning the fire-pot as required when an assi n;
  • up or down draft is used, substantially as specified.
  • a grate in the form of a bowl in the form of a bowl, a fire-pot located therein, a downdraft-passage leading from the top of the stove at one side thereof and terminating near the center of the stove above the fire'pot, a pipe at one side of the stove, an opening leading into the pipe below the fire-pot to be used as a passage for the smoke when a downdraft is ad'- mitted, a damper for controlling the passage of the smoke and air through the pipe, a second opening above the fire-pot to be used as a passage for the smoke when an updraft is admitted, and a damper for controlling the passage of the smoke and air through the said opening, substantially as specified.
  • a stove having a grate in the form of a bowl, a fire-pot located above the grate, a fuel-passage leading from the feed-door'and communicating with the fire-pot, a downdraftpassage leading from the top at one side of the" stove and terminating near the. center thereof above the fire-pot, a flue at one side of the stove, anopening leading into the flue below the fire-pot to be used-as a passage for the smoke when a downdraft is admitted, a damper for controlling the passage of the smoke and air through the pipe adjacent.

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Solid-Fuel Combustion (AREA)
  • Cookers (AREA)

Description

No. 687,549. Patented Nov. 26, l90l.
J. WILSON.
STOVE 0R FURNACE.
(Application filed Dec. 31, 1900.)
(No Model.)
JUN. W m
- UNITED STATES PATENT, OFFICE.
JAMES WILSON, OF ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI.
STOVE OR FURNACE.
SPEdIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 687,549, dated November 26, 1901.
Application filed December 31, 1900. Serial No. 41,615. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JAMES WILSON, of the city of St. Louis,.State of Missouri, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Stoves or Furnaces, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part hereof.
This invention relates to stoves or furnaces; and it consists of the novel construction, combination, and arrangement of parts here inafter shown, described, and claimed.
The object of this invention is to'provide an improved stove or furnace having means for creating either an up or down draft.
Another object is to provide a stove or furnace constructed so that the fire can be started below the fuel by means of an updraft and after the fuel has become ignited it can be inverted within the fire-pot, placing the fire above the fuel, and a downdraft created, thereby consuming a maximum portion of the gases and radiating greater heat with a small amount of fuel than is given by an ordinary stove using a larger amount of fuel.
Another object is to provide a reversible fire-pot which may be operated after the fire has been started to overturn the fuel contained therein, bringing the fire to the top, so that the flames will pass through the fuel when the downdraft is created.
Figure 1 is a vertical sectional view of my improved stove, taken on the line 0 c of Fig. 3. Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view taken on the line at d of Fig. 4 substantially at right angles to that shown in Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a horizontal sectional view taken on the line a a of Fig. 1, and Fig. 4 is a horizontal sectional view taken on the line b b of Fig. 2.
Referring to the drawings in detail, 1 indicates the wall of the stove, leading through which are two openings 2, one of them near the top-of the stove and the other near the bottom. The pipe or flue 3 is rigid with the wall of the stove for receiving the products of combustion from the openings 2 and conveying them to any suitable outlet. Rigid with the wall 1 of the stove, a suitable distance above the bottom, is an interior flange 4, extending entirely around the inner side of the stove and supporting the grate 5. The said grate 5 is arranged in the form of a bowl the stove, one of said trunnions projecting outwardly and adapted to receive a crank 9, whereby it can be inverted whenever it is desired to create a downdraft within the stove. The said fire-pot is provided with short-projections 10, which operate between the bars of the grate 5 and assist in guiding the firepot around into the required position whenever it is operated by the crank 9. v
The stove is provided with a door 11, leading from which is a chute 12, which extends downwardly within the stove and terminates above the fire-pot 7. The purpose of the chute 12 is to receive and guide the fuel into the firepot. Leading from near the top of the stove is a draft-passage 13, which extends downwardly and has its lower end bent inwardly above the fire-pot in order to guide the draft so that it will pass through the fire. The said draft-passage is provided with a slide-damper 14, whereby it may be closed whenever it is desired to use the updraft or to cutoff the supply of air from the interior of the stove. It will be noticed that the draft-passage 13 is located at the side of the stove and has its lower end extended out near the center of the stove and terminating directly above the firepot. This arrangement leaves a freer space for the updraft and does not interfere with the passage of the smoke to the upper outlet when the updraft is used.
The stove is provided with the usual ashpit, having an ordinary door 15, provided with openings and a slide-damper, whereby the passage of air or draft may be admitted or cut off, as required. Above the ash-pit is a guide 16 for receiving and guiding the ashes into the ash-pit. I
17 indicates a valve for closing the opening 2 at the top of the stove, and 18 denotes a damper for closing the pipe 2 at the bottom.
In using my improved stove or furnace the fire is started within the fire-pot by means of an updraft, the air passing through the ashpit and upwardly through the fire-pot and fuel and the products of combustion passing out through the opening 2 adjacent to the top of the stove, the valve 17 being left open to permit the passage. The valve 14 is closed to shut out the air from the draft-passage 13 until the fuel becomes thoroughly ignited, after which the openings through the door 15 are closed and the valve14 is moved to admit the air into the draft-passage 13. The valve-17 is moved to close the opening 2, and the damper 18 is opened to allow the draft to pass out through the outlet. The crank 9 is then turned to reverse the fire-pot 7, which, as above stated, is pivotally supported within thegrate, which operation brings the fire above the fuel and causes the flames to pass through the fuel as the airis admitted through the downdraft-passage 13. The flange 14 provents any of thegases from passing around and above the fire-pot, so that a maximum portion thereof will be consumed by the flames which pass downwardly through the fuel. This results in greater heat being radiated from asmall amount of fuel than can be generated by an ordinary stove using a larger amount of fuel.
The stove is simple in construction, easily operated, and is devoid of all useless appurtenances'.
I claim- '1. A stove having a grate in the form of a bowl, a reversible fire-pot, supported within the grate,.a draft-passage leading from the top atone side of the stove. and terminating near the center of the'stove above the fire- .pot, a pipe 3 atone side of the stove,- openair and smoke through the pipe, and. means for turning the fire-pot as required when an assi n;
up or down draft is used, substantially as specified.
2. In a stove, a grate in the form of a bowl, a fire-pot located therein, a downdraft-passage leading from the top of the stove at one side thereof and terminating near the center of the stove above the fire'pot, a pipe at one side of the stove, an opening leading into the pipe below the fire-pot to be used as a passage for the smoke when a downdraft is ad'- mitted, a damper for controlling the passage of the smoke and air through the pipe, a second opening above the fire-pot to be used as a passage for the smoke when an updraft is admitted, and a damper for controlling the passage of the smoke and air through the said opening, substantially as specified.
3. A stove having a grate in the form of a bowl, a fire-pot located above the grate, a fuel-passage leading from the feed-door'and communicating with the fire-pot, a downdraftpassage leading from the top at one side of the" stove and terminating near the. center thereof above the fire-pot, a flue at one side of the stove, anopening leading into the flue below the fire-pot to be used-as a passage for the smoke when a downdraft is admitted, a damper for controlling the passage of the smoke and air through the pipe adjacent. to the said opening, a second opening above the fire-pot to be used as a passage for the smoke when an updraft is admitted', a damper for controlling the passage of the smoke and air through the said opening, and means for rotating'the fire-pot as required when an up or down draft is admitted, substantially as In testimony whereof I'afli x my signature in presence of two witnesses. ings leading from the stove into the said pipe, dampers for controlling the passage of the JAMES WILSON.- W itnesses:
ALFRED A. EIcKs, JOHN C. HIGDON.
US4161500A 1900-12-31 1900-12-31 Stove or furnace. Expired - Lifetime US687549A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US4161500A US687549A (en) 1900-12-31 1900-12-31 Stove or furnace.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US4161500A US687549A (en) 1900-12-31 1900-12-31 Stove or furnace.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US687549A true US687549A (en) 1901-11-26

Family

ID=2756091

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US4161500A Expired - Lifetime US687549A (en) 1900-12-31 1900-12-31 Stove or furnace.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US687549A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4372287A (en) * 1980-10-17 1983-02-08 Linden Roy E V D Wood-burning stove and method for burning wood

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4372287A (en) * 1980-10-17 1983-02-08 Linden Roy E V D Wood-burning stove and method for burning wood

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US687549A (en) Stove or furnace.
US402323A (en) Hot-air furnace
US89141A (en) Stove
US507017A (en) Stove or furnace
US392899A (en) Stove or furnace
US558215A (en) shindlee
US767614A (en) Hot-air furnace.
US181634A (en) Improvement in fire-boxes for stoves, ranges, and furnaces
US1200577A (en) Stove.
US862142A (en) Heating-furnace.
US395430A (en) Stove
US736740A (en) Heating-stove.
US619852A (en) Furnace
US1205291A (en) Stove.
US574210A (en) Downdraft stove or furnace
US418226A (en) Stove or furnace
US192835A (en) Improvement in hot-air furnaces
US738304A (en) Heating-stove.
US324944A (en) Stove and heater
US139231A (en) Improvement in base-burning stoves
US114035A (en) Smprovement in hot-air furnaces
US371108A (en) teecy
US1198109A (en) Downdraft magazine stove and furnace.
US378979A (en) Heating-stove
US334971A (en) Combined self-feeding cooking and heating stove