US680964A - Till. - Google Patents

Till. Download PDF


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US680964A US1434300A US1900014343A US680964A US 680964 A US680964 A US 680964A US 1434300 A US1434300 A US 1434300A US 1900014343 A US1900014343 A US 1900014343A US 680964 A US680964 A US 680964A
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Francis Day
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Francis Day
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    • G07G1/00Cash registers
    • G07G1/0018Constructional details, e.g. of drawer, printing means, input means
    • G07G1/0027Details of drawer or money-box


Patented Aug. 20, |90I.
3 Sheets-Sheet l.
iff. Ffh MHH F. DAY.
(Application Mod Apr. 25, 1000.)
(No Hendel.)
Ptented Aug. 20, |90I; r. DAY. f Y
(Appliention illod Apr. 95,' 1900.)
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om lm Patented Aug. 20, |90l. F. DAY.
(Application led Apr. 25, 1900.)
3 Sheets-Sheetl 3.
(lo Model.)
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SPECIFICATION f inning part Gf Letters Patent No. 680,964, dated. August 20, 1901.
Application filed April Z5, 1900. Serial No. 14,3431 (No modell To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that LFRANCIs DAY, residi ng at No. 40 Loughborough road, Brixton, in the countyof Surrey,England, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Tills; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention relates to certain improvements in money-tills, more particularly to those fitted with cash-registering and other devices for preventing fraud or theft, the object of the invention being to prevent money placed or thrown in the receiving-drawer in the usual way immediately after its receipt from the customer from remaining in said drawer, so that whenever the drawer is opened or drawn out for the reception of more money the drawer will be found to be empty and not, as at present, expose all the money which may have previously been placed in said drawer.
My invention is so designed that the action of either opening or closing the receivingdrawer,(hereinaftercalled thetilldrawer,) in combination with certain devices, all of which are particularly described farther on, causes any money which may have been put in the said drawer to be either pushed, drawn, dropped, or otherwise cleared into a lock-up drawer or receptacle situated either immediately beneath the till-drawer or at any distance therefrom as may be desired.
The following is a detailed description of my invention, reference being had to the vaccompanying drawings, in which- Figures 1,2,3, and 4 all show a similar viewnamely, a transverse sectional elevation-of a cash-register till tted with my improvements shown in various modifications. Fig. 5 is a detached plan view of the end of one roller and the clutch device thereon, which -insures the rollers of Figs. 3 and 4 turning only in one and the same direction. Fig. 6 is a front elevation of the till, showing the tier ofA shelves for the reception of the changemoney. Fig. 7 is a plan of the till-'drawer containing two compartments.
Like reference-letters denote the same parts or pieces throughout the specification.
In the illustrations,A denotes the casing of any ordinary cash-register, B the till-drawer, and C a spring employed to thrust the drawer out, which it does on the releasing of a catch or stop D, connected with allof the levers E, which are depressed by hand when it is desired to open the drawer to place money therein. These devices form no part of my invention.
According to the modification of the invention shown in Figs. l and 2 the bottom of the till-drawer B is composed of a sheet of limp material a-say, for example, of leather or canvasone end b of which is secured to the bottoni of the front panel e of the drawer and the other end is secured to a roller d, mounted across underneath the drawer, which roller may be either influenced by a spring tending constantly to wind up the material a on the roller d in a similar manner to a roller-blind, or instead thereof a toothed pinion, such as d', is mounted fast on the roller and a toothed rack d2 fastened to the side of the drawer, the said rack and pinion being arranged so as to be always in engagement one with the other, so that opening and closing the drawer causes the rack to revolve the pinion and so roll up or unroll the limp drawer-bottom a accordingly. In these illustrations, Figs. l and 2, as will be seen, the drawer-bottom rolls up on closing the drawer, thus allowingr any coins that may be resting on top to fall into the locked receptacle c beneath, and on the drawer being again opened for the reception of more money it will be found empty, as desired.
fand g are sloping sills or boards for the money to fall on, serving as guides to direct the latter into the locked receptacle e beneath.
It is assumed that only the principal or manager or other responsible person has access to the contents of this receptacle c, and therefore money when once put into the tilldrawer and the drawer closed is inaccessible except by way of opening the said locked receptacle e, which of course will or may be provided with a special secret or other lock to render it as safe as possible from being picked or otherwise tampered with.
In Figs. 3 and 4 is shown a modification wherein the single-sheet roll-up bottom a of Fig. 1 is replaced by a continuous sheet or IOO during the last closing movement of the till-I drawer. One suitable device for effecting this object is as shown in these figures and detached in Fig. 5. wheel h, fast on the spindle of the rear roller, and one half i of a toothed clutch is fixed or formed on the outer side of said ratchet. The other half j ofk the clutch is fixed or formed on one side of a spur-pinion 7c, and these two latter are mounted loosely (slidably) upon the spindle of the roller d. The two parts of the said clutch are held normally in contact by a small compression-spring Z, (see Fig. 5,) confined between the pinion 7c and a head fm, formed on the extremity of the spindle, which constantly presses the half j against the half t'. The pinion 7c engages with a rack fn, fixed or formed on the side of the casing A. lVith this arrangement it will be seen and understood that on closing the drawer the band is caused to move in the backward direction, as indicated by the arrow in Figs. 8 and 4, by reason of the toothed pinion advancing in the rack and the halfclutch j carrying around the other half t and so communicating rotary motion to the roller d, and consequently to the endless band a', as desired. On opening the drawer the band a' will be prevented from traveling in the forward direction-by virtue of the springpressed pawl o preventing the ratchet h rotating in this direction, thereby causing the teeth of the part j of the clutch to ride over the teeth of the part t'.
Fig. 6 is a front elevation of the till and shows more particularly the tier of shelves for holding the change-money.
In cash-register and like tills it is customary for a few pounds worth of money to be deposited in the till-drawer at the commencement of the day or from time to time, as rerquired, for the purpose of giving change to customers, and, further, it is customary for the takings to be thrown in the same drawer along with the change-money. Thus it will be understood it is possible for a dishonest attendant to extract some of the 'change-money at the commencement of the day and make it up again gradually during the day from the takings by operating one of the indicator-levers E of less value than the It consists of a ratchetamount of the taking put into the till, so that at the end of the day the account might be correct and yet the proprietor will have been defrauded of the amount taken in the first instance from the change-money. It is in order to prevent this that my present invention is mainly designed, and part of the scheme is carried out by the special construction of till-drawer bottom hereinbefore described, the essence of which is that it does not permit the money put into the drawer to remain therein, and the scheme is completed by providing a tier of shelves y on the exterior of the till for holding the change-money. Thus the change-money can never get mixed with the takings and should remain of the same total value throughout the day. Moreover, with the change-money-thus exposed it is less likely to be stolen by an attendant, as the coins are so arranged on the various shelves that any deduction from the amount can be seen at a glance. For example, halfcrowns might be placed on one shelf at the commencement, and for these may be substituted during the day any other coins the sum of which is equivalent to a half-crown; but should the sum substituted be more than half a crown it would indicate that the difference should have been put in the till and not on the shelf and would suggest that the attendant intended taking it at a favorable opportunity, While if the sum be less it would suggest that the attendant had already stolen the dierence.
Fig. 7 'is a plan of the till-drawer, showing that itmay consist of more than one compartment, if desirable. The locker @beneath the till-drawer may also consist of more than l one compartment, if desirable.
I claim as my inventionl. In a money-till the combination with-the till-drawer of a flexible bottom therefor, and means whereby said bottom is moved when said drawer is opened or closed, substantially as described.
2. In a money-till, the combination with-the till-drawer of a flexible bottom therefor, a roller coperating with said bottom and designed to move the same, and means whereby the movement of the drawer-operates said roller substantially as described.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention I have signed my name in presence of two subscribing witnesses.
US1434300A 1900-04-25 1900-04-25 Till. Expired - Lifetime US680964A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2508981A (en) * 1945-04-11 1950-05-23 Bill D Williams Currency containing cabinet
US2972292A (en) * 1957-10-21 1961-02-21 Manley Inc Conversion unit for popcorn machines

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2508981A (en) * 1945-04-11 1950-05-23 Bill D Williams Currency containing cabinet
US2972292A (en) * 1957-10-21 1961-02-21 Manley Inc Conversion unit for popcorn machines

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