US666056A - Apparatus for dyeing, &c. - Google Patents

Apparatus for dyeing, &c. Download PDF

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Publication number
US666056A
US666056A US1900033274A US666056A US 666056 A US666056 A US 666056A US 1900033274 A US1900033274 A US 1900033274A US 666056 A US666056 A US 666056A
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Prior art keywords
batch
roller
keir
cloth
rollers
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Charles Loxton Jackson
Edward Wilson Hunt
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Charles Loxton Jackson
Edward Wilson Hunt
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06BTREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS BY LIQUIDS, GASES OR VAPOURS
    • D06B3/00Passing of textile materials through liquids, gases or vapours to effect treatment, e.g. washing, dyeing, bleaching, sizing, impregnating
    • D06B3/32Passing of textile materials through liquids, gases or vapours to effect treatment, e.g. washing, dyeing, bleaching, sizing, impregnating of open-width materials backwards and forwards between beaming rollers during treatment; Jiggers

Description

No. 666,056. Patented Ian. I5, I91". 6. L. JACKSON &. E. W. HUNT.

APPARATUS FOR DYEING, 8L0.

' (Application filed. Oct. 10, 1900.)

3 Sheets-Sheet I.

(No Model.)

UHii

/ awn/0573i III m: mums PE ERs co. Puma-Erma. wunmurou, n. c.

No. 666,056. Patented Ian. l5 l90l.

C. L. vJMJKSON &. E. W. HUNT.

APPARATUS FOR DYEING &c

(Application filed 0a. 1a, 1900. (No Model.) 3 Shoots-Sheet 2.

inc.

IN V60 70!? 2 wlmessss: Z/

A TTORNEYS No. 666,056. Patented Jan. 15, 19m. 6. L. JACKSON & E. w. HUNT.

APPARATUS FOR nvsmc, 66:.

(N M d I ppl mim fllad Oct. 16, 1900.)

3 Sheets-Sheet 3.

6 A WITNESSE8- mwd 7AA), M

. 6 A "DRIVE Y8 with bearings for two batch-rollers, on one of NITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

CHARLES LOXTON JAcKsoN AND EDWARD WILSON HUNT, OF BOLTON,

ENGLAND.

APPARATUS FOR DYEING, 80C.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 666,056, dated January 15, 1901.

Application filed October 16, 1900.

T0 on whom it may concern:

Be it known that we, CHARLES LOXTON J AOKSON and EDWARD WILsoN HUNT, subjects of the Queen of Great Britain, and residents of Wharf Foundry, Bolton,in the county of Lancaster, England, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Means for scouring, Bleaching, Dyeing, Mercerizing, or otherwise Treating Piece Goods in the Open State, of which the following is a specification.

Our invention relates to improvements in the means for scouring, bleaching, dyeing, mercerizing, or otherwise treating piece goods in an open or expanded condition and by a simple and economical process which obviates the creases caused by running fabrics in the rope form and preventsthe selvages curling up and creasing, such creases subsequently showing and marking the goods when dyed in light and delicate shades.

In one arrangement for carrying our in vention into effect we employ a suitable heir of any convenient size and form and strong enough to resist any required steam-pressure. This keir is provided with a door capable of being hermetically closed and with rails on which wagons of a special form containing the piece goods to be bleached or otherwise treated can be run into and out of the keir. The wagon consists of any convenient carriage,upon which are mounted two end frames,

which when the wagon is out of the heir a full batch of cloth is placed, while an empty batch-rolleris placed upon the other bearings. The lower part of the carriage supports a transverse shaft upon the ends of which are pivoted two upright arms, slotted at their upper ends. A large hollow drum, preferably perforated, has its bearings in the slots of the pivoted arms, and this drum lies in contact with the cloth on both batch-rollers while it is being wound from one roller to the other, thus preventing the selvages of the cloth from curling or turning up.

In the accompanying three sheets of drawings, Figure l is a side sectional elevation of an apparatus made according to our invention for scouring, bleaching, dyeing, mercerizing, or otherwise treating piece goods in the open state. Fig. 2 is an end view, partly in Serial No. 33,274. kNo model.)

section, of Fig. l, with the end of the keirremoved; and Fig. 3 is an end view of the outside of the keir,showing the reversing-motion.

In the drawings, 2 designates the keir,which may be of any convenient size and form and strong enough to resist any required steampressure. This keir is provided with a door capable of being hermetically closed and with rails 3, on which wagons 4 of a special form containing the piece-goods to be bleached or otherwise treated can be run into and out of the keir. Upon the wagon 4:, near each end, is mounted an end frame 5, with bearings for two batch-rollers 7 8, on one of which-say the roller 7-when the wagon is out of the keira full bat-ch of cloth is placed and led onto the empty roller 8, placed in the other bearings. The lower part of the carriage supports a shaft 10, upon the ends of which are pivoted two arms 11, slotted at their upper ends. A large hollow drum 12, preferably perforated, has its bearings in the slots of the pivoted arms 11, and this drum lies in contact with the cloth 9 on both batch-rollers 7 and 8. The shafts of the batch-rollers 7 8 are connected at the end of the keir opposite the door by catch or driving plates 13 to similar plates secured upon two shafts 14 15, which pass through stuifing-boxes 16, secured to the heir end. These shafts 14 15 are exactly in line with the shafts of the batch-rollers 7 8, and the ends nearly meet when the wagon is in the keir.

In order to Wind the cloth backward and forward automatically from one batch-roller to the other roller, we mount loosely on the shaft 7 8 of each roller and near the catch-plates l3,

before mentioned, a friction disk or wheel 17 and secure upon the shaft of the drum 12 a large friction-wheel 18 in line with the disks 17. On the boss of each disk 17 is secured a spur-wheel 19 in gear with a spur-wheel 20, secured upon a shaft 21, which is supported in a stuffing-box 22, bolted to the end of the keir, and remains in its position when the wagon is run out of the keir.

On the endof each shaft 14. 15 is mounted a pair of fast and loose pulleys 23 24;, driven in opposite directions by two belts. (See Fig. 3.) The mechanism for changing the belts to causeone or the other to drive conspur-wheel 20 on the shaft 21.

sists of a balanced weighted strap-fork lever ment of which shaft moves the nut 30 suffi ciently to bring the bolt 31 against one end of the slot and overbalance the lever 25, which falls to one side and so moves the two strap-forks 29 and shifts the beltsone' from the fast pulley to the loose and the other from the loose to the fast pulley, and thus automatically reverses the motion of the batchrollers 7 and 8.

When a loaded wagon has been run into the keir and the door closed, the heir is charged with the scouring, bleaching, dyeing, or other liquor, and the liquor is then heated by means of steam-pipes or their equivalents until the desired pressure within the keir has been attained.

To the bottom of the keir we may fit a pipe connected to a circulating-pump, which is connected by a second pipe to the top of the keir, so that the liquor may becirculated. At the top of the keir the liquor falls upon the usual spreader-plate for deflecting and distributing it over the perforateddrum and the cloth, or instead of circulating the liquor by means of a pump or equivalent we may immerse the batches in liquor maintained at a suitable level for the purpose.

The shafts 7 and 8 come opposite and into close contact with the shafts 14 15, the catchplate 13 interlocking (see Fig. 2) and the friction-disks 17 and 18 being almost in contact while the spur-wheel 19 is in gear with the is given to the fast pulley on the shaft 15, the

batch-roller 8 is driven so as to wind the cloth off the batch 9 on the roller 7, and the drum 12 bearing continually upon the cloth on both rollers prevents the selvages curling up and creasing while the cloth is being wound on the roller 8. The increasing diameter of the batch on the roller 8 moves the friction-wheel 18 away from the disk 17, and so it gradually approaches a similar friction-disk 17, mountwheel 19 in gear with the wheel 20 and so turns the shaft 21, the screw on which, turning in the nut 30, moves it, and the bolt 31, striking the end of the slot in the lever 25,

When motion ;mer cerizing, or other saturati ng processes and also for winding on and off in the dry state,

if desired. Again,instead of employing means for the automatic reversal of the driving mechanism we might effect this by hand and cause an alarm, such as a gong, to be automatically sounded and the bath-roller-driving mechanism stopped when the cloth has been wound off one batch-roller to the other. The attendant would then reverse a startinglever and cause the other batch-roller to be driven in the opposite direction.

What we claim'as our invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is

1. In combination, a pair of batch-rollers, a drum mounted so as to be self-adjusting and thereby lie in constant contact with the cloth on both batch-rollers and means for driving the batch-rollers and winding the cloth ofi one roller and onto the other roller substantially as herein set forth.

2. In combination, a'pair of batch-rollers,

a drum mounted so as to be self-adjusting and thereby lie in constant contact with the cloth on both batch-rollers, means for driving the batch-rollers and winding the cloth off one roller and onto the other roller and means for reversing the driving mechanism of the batchrollers substantially as herein set forth.

3. In combination, a keir or other vessel capable of being closed hermetically, a wagon arranged to be run into and out ofsaid keir, a pair of batch-rollers carried by the wagon, a drum mounted so as to be self-adjusting and thereby lie in constant contact with the. cloth on both batch-rollers, means for driving the batch-rollers and winding the cloth off one roller and onto the other roller and means for reversing therdriving mechanismof the batchrollers', substantially as herein set forth.

In witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands in presence of two witnesses.

CHARLES LOXTON JACKSON. EDWARD WILSON HUNT.

Witnesses:

H. B. BARLOW, S. W. GILLETT.

US666056A 1900-10-16 1900-10-16 Apparatus for dyeing, &c. Expired - Lifetime US666056A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3402577A (en) * 1966-09-07 1968-09-24 United Piece Dye Works Apparatus for high-temperature dyeing or finishing of a fabric material
US3477073A (en) * 1966-09-07 1969-11-11 United Piece Dye Works Method and apparatus for high-temperature dyeing or finishing of a fabric material
US3479846A (en) * 1966-11-08 1969-11-25 Pegg S & Son Ltd Winch and like dyeing machines
US5197304A (en) * 1991-05-14 1993-03-30 Karetnikov Evgeny V Device for treatment of textile materials
US20090101196A1 (en) * 2007-08-29 2009-04-23 Lanxess Deutschland Gmbh Evm in solar modules

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3402577A (en) * 1966-09-07 1968-09-24 United Piece Dye Works Apparatus for high-temperature dyeing or finishing of a fabric material
US3477073A (en) * 1966-09-07 1969-11-11 United Piece Dye Works Method and apparatus for high-temperature dyeing or finishing of a fabric material
US3479846A (en) * 1966-11-08 1969-11-25 Pegg S & Son Ltd Winch and like dyeing machines
US5197304A (en) * 1991-05-14 1993-03-30 Karetnikov Evgeny V Device for treatment of textile materials
US20090101196A1 (en) * 2007-08-29 2009-04-23 Lanxess Deutschland Gmbh Evm in solar modules

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