US665046A - Non-refillable bottle. - Google Patents

Non-refillable bottle. Download PDF

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Publication number
US665046A
US665046A US1896900A US1900018969A US665046A US 665046 A US665046 A US 665046A US 1896900 A US1896900 A US 1896900A US 1900018969 A US1900018969 A US 1900018969A US 665046 A US665046 A US 665046A
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Prior art keywords
bottle
valve
neck
vent
seat
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US1896900A
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Lee Anderson
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HARRISON S BETTES
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HARRISON S BETTES
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D49/00Arrangements or devices for preventing refilling of containers

Definitions

  • This invention relates to non-refillable bot- 1o tles, and more particularly to means for admit-ting air to such bottles, in connection with a valve-stopper for preventing the introduction of liquid into the bottle after the stopper has been placed in position.
  • the invention has for its object to ⁇ locate an air-vent passage and chamber in communication with the neck of the bottle and adjacent to the inlet into the bottle, in connection with a valve which when in position will zo close this vent-passage and also the inlet to the bottle.
  • the invention also has for an object to irnprove the general construction of the stopper by which when the valve is placed in position 2 it cannot be tampered with by the introduction of any instrument through the stopper.
  • Figure l is a vertical section with -the bottle in an upright position.
  • Fig. 2 is a similar view With the bottle upon its side.
  • Fig. 3 is a similar view with the bottle inverted for t-he purpose of pouring the liquid therefrom.
  • Fig. 4 is a detail perspective of the stopper and locking-ring, and
  • Fig. 5 is a similar View of the valve and pendent 4o weight.
  • the letter A designates a bottle, the body of which may be of any desired configuration and which is provided at its upper portion, adjacent to the neck, with inclined walls A', substantially conical in shape,as shown in the drawings. Above this conical portion the 5o neck A2 extends and is provided at its lower part with a valve-seat A3. At one side of the bottle the neck is provided with an enlargement A4, provided with a vent-passage A5, inclining downwardly from a communication with the neck of the bottle. At the outer end of this passage an air-chamber A6 is provided, l which at its upper and lower portions is supplied with minute perforations or apertures A7 for admitting air into the chamber.
  • valve B In connection with this vent-passage and the neck of the bottle I have provided an improved form of valve B, .whichpmay be conical or of other desired shape and is adapted at its lower end B to seat upon the valve-seat A3, while the periphery or side 4 wall ofthis valve closes the air-vent A5 when in a closed position.
  • the upper portion of the valve is also provided with a cup B2, 8o adapt-ed to receive any liquid which may be introduced into the bottle-neck, and thus force the valve toits seat, preventing the introduction of the liquid beyond the neck of the bottle.
  • the under face of this valve is also provided with a seat B3, into which one end C of a pendent weight C is adapted to extend.
  • This weight C controls by gravity the action of the valve and also by a similar force assists in holding the valve closed and 9o nally in opening the valve when desired.
  • the weight is suspended from the valve by any iiexible means-for instance, a cord O2- so that it may assume any desired position within the bottle relative to the valve B--for instance, as shown in Fig. 2, where the weight C rests upon the Wall A' of the bottle and prevents the pressure of liquid from opening the valve when the bottle is in the position there shown. It the bottle be inverted into the poloo sition for permitting the liquid to ow therefrom, the end C of the weight'a'cts as a plungeror pusher for opening the valve and resisting any tendency to stick which may eX- ist.
  • valve be difcult to open it can be readily jarred from its seat by a slight reciprocation of the bottle,which throws the weight C against the valve, thus easily jarring it into the proper position for withdrawing the liquid from the bottle.
  • stopper or cork may be used in connection with the vent and valve herein described, yet I present herewith a very desirable form, which embodies a stopper D, having a central aperture D/ for the outflow of liquid, which communicates at its lower end with cross-chan nels D2 and inlets D3, thus present inga circuitous path for theliquid, and a solid wall D4, directly beneath the main outlet D, which prevents any tampering with the valve 1D, located beneath the stopper or guard.
  • a stopper D having a central aperture D/ for the outflow of liquid, which communicates at its lower end with cross-chan nels D2 and inlets D3, thus present inga circuitous path for theliquid, and a solid wall D4, directly beneath the main outlet D, which prevents any tampering with the valve 1D, located beneath the stopper or guard.
  • This stopper is also locked in position by means of a spring or elastic ring E, of metal or other suitable material, which is seated partially in a recess D5 in the stopper and par tially within a similar recess E in the neck of the bottle. It will be seen that when this ring is sprung into position iu the recesses D5 and E the stopper will be communally locked within the neck of the bottle.
  • vent communicating with the neck of the bottle tends to establish an uninterrupting flow of liquid from the neck of the bottle, as it supplies the necessary air for that purpose at a point below or beyond the fixed stopper or guard, while the valve when in its closed position covers the inlet from the air-vent, thus preventing the deterioration of the contents of the bottle by reason of any air coming in contact therewith.
  • the invention also embraces important advantages in its simplicity of construction by reason of which it can be manufactured in a most economical manner and in its operation produces the most efficient actionsought for in this class of devices.
  • a non-reiillable bottle the combination with a neck provided with an air-vent communicating therewith at its lower portion adjacent to a valve-seat, of a movable valve adapted to seat at the lower end' of said neck and to close the inlet from said vent by its side wall, and a pendent weight iiexibly supported from said valve; substantially as speci- 6.

Description

(Application led June 4, 1900.)
(No Model.)
J/VVENTOR W TNESSES" eeAzdensa/z/ Nrrnn STATES ATENT A einen.
LEE ANDERSON, OF PARIS, TEXAS, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO HARRISON S.
BETTES, OF SAME PLACE. f
NON-REFILLABLE BOTTLE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N0. 665,046, dated January 1, 1901 Application filed June 4, 1900. serial No. 18,969. (No model.)
To all whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, LEE ANDERSON, a citizen of the United States, residing at Paris, in the county of Lamar, State of Texas, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Non-Retillable Bottles, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.
This invention relates to non-refillable bot- 1o tles, and more particularly to means for admit-ting air to such bottles, in connection with a valve-stopper for preventing the introduction of liquid into the bottle after the stopper has been placed in position.
I5 The invention has for its object to `locate an air-vent passage and chamber in communication with the neck of the bottle and adjacent to the inlet into the bottle, in connection with a valve which when in position will zo close this vent-passage and also the inlet to the bottle.
' The invention also has for an object to irnprove the general construction of the stopper by which when the valve is placed in position 2 it cannot be tampered with by the introduction of any instrument through the stopper.
Other objects and advantages ot' the invention will hereinafter appear in the following description, and the novel features thereof 3o will be particularly pointed lout in the appended claims.
In the drawings, Figure l is a vertical section with -the bottle in an upright position. Fig. 2 is a similar view With the bottle upon its side. Fig. 3 is a similar view with the bottle inverted for t-he purpose of pouring the liquid therefrom. Fig. 4 is a detail perspective of the stopper and locking-ring, and Fig. 5 is a similar View of the valve and pendent 4o weight.
Like letters of reference indicate like parts throughout the several figures of the drawings.
The letter A designates a bottle, the body of which may be of any desired configuration and which is provided at its upper portion, adjacent to the neck, with inclined walls A', substantially conical in shape,as shown in the drawings. Above this conical portion the 5o neck A2 extends and is provided at its lower part with a valve-seat A3. At one side of the bottle the neck is provided with an enlargement A4, provided with a vent-passage A5, inclining downwardly from a communication with the neck of the bottle. At the outer end of this passage an air-chamber A6 is provided, l which at its upper and lower portions is supplied with minute perforations or apertures A7 for admitting air into the chamber. By locating these at opposite ends of the cham- 6o ber it will be seen that the hand of the user is not liable to close both sets of openings at any time, and thus check the tiow of liquid from the bottle. It will also be seen that by inclining the vent-passage to the neck of the bottle and extending it for a distance therefrom the air-inlet perforations will be raised, when the bottle is in position for pouring its contents, so that, on the other hand, it will not be checked by any liquid which may iiow 7o from the bottle nor will such liquid escape through the perforations. In connection with this vent-passage and the neck of the bottle I have provided an improved form of valve B, .whichpmay be conical or of other desired shape and is adapted at its lower end B to seat upon the valve-seat A3, while the periphery or side 4 wall ofthis valve closes the air-vent A5 when in a closed position. The upper portion of the valve is also provided with a cup B2, 8o adapt-ed to receive any liquid which may be introduced into the bottle-neck, and thus force the valve toits seat, preventing the introduction of the liquid beyond the neck of the bottle. The under face of this valve is also provided with a seat B3, into which one end C of a pendent weight C is adapted to extend. This weight C controls by gravity the action of the valve and also by a similar force assists in holding the valve closed and 9o nally in opening the valve when desired. The weight is suspended from the valve by any iiexible means-for instance, a cord O2- so that it may assume any desired position within the bottle relative to the valve B--for instance, as shown in Fig. 2, where the weight C rests upon the Wall A' of the bottle and prevents the pressure of liquid from opening the valve when the bottle is in the position there shown. It the bottle be inverted into the poloo sition for permitting the liquid to ow therefrom, the end C of the weight'a'cts as a plungeror pusher for opening the valve and resisting any tendency to stick which may eX- ist. In fact, if the valve be difcult to open it can be readily jarred from its seat by a slight reciprocation of the bottle,which throws the weight C against the valve, thus easily jarring it into the proper position for withdrawing the liquid from the bottle.
While it is obvious that any desired form of stopper or cork may be used in connection with the vent and valve herein described, yet I present herewith a very desirable form, which embodies a stopper D, having a central aperture D/ for the outflow of liquid, which communicates at its lower end with cross-chan nels D2 and inlets D3, thus present inga circuitous path for theliquid, and a solid wall D4, directly beneath the main outlet D, which prevents any tampering with the valve 1D, located beneath the stopper or guard.
This stopper is also locked in position by means of a spring or elastic ring E, of metal or other suitable material, which is seated partially in a recess D5 in the stopper and par tially within a similar recess E in the neck of the bottle. It will be seen that when this ring is sprung into position iu the recesses D5 and E the stopper will be efectually locked within the neck of the bottle.
From the foregoing description the general operation of the invention will be apparent, and it need only be stated in addition that when the bottle is originally filled with liquid the valve B is first dropped in position u pon its seat, after which the stopper D is inserted and locked in position. These two parts, in connection with the vent formed in the material of the bottleneck, produce an effective stopper which prevents the introduction of liquid into the bottle and only permits the flow of liquid therefrom when the bottle is held in proper position for that purpose. Furthermore, the vent communicating with the neck of the bottle tends to establish an uninterrupting flow of liquid from the neck of the bottle, as it supplies the necessary air for that purpose at a point below or beyond the fixed stopper or guard, while the valve when in its closed position covers the inlet from the air-vent, thus preventing the deterioration of the contents of the bottle by reason of any air coming in contact therewith. The invention also embraces important advantages in its simplicity of construction by reason of which it can be manufactured in a most economical manner and in its operation produces the most efficient actionsought for in this class of devices.
iied.
its inner end immediately adjacent to the interior of the bottle whereby resistance to i11- flowing air by outiiowing liquid, in the neck proper, is avoided, substantially as specified.
2. In a bottle,the combination with the neck thereof, of a vent-passage extending at an angle to said neck and communicating with an elongated air-chamber provided with perforations at its opposite ends; substantially as specified.
3. In abottle,the combination with the neck thereof, of a vent-passage extending at an angle to said neck and communicating with an elongated ai r-chamber provided with perfora tions at its opposite ends, and a valve adapted to close the inlet of said ventin to said neck; substantially as specified.
4. In a non-refillable bottle, the combination with a neck provided with an air-vent communicating therewith at itslower portion adjacent to a valve-seat, of a conical valve adapted to seat at the lower end of said neck and to close the inlet from said vent by its side wall; substantially as speciied.
5. In a non-reiillable bottle, the combination with a neck provided with an air-vent communicating therewith at its lower portion adjacent to a valve-seat, of a movable valve adapted to seat at the lower end' of said neck and to close the inlet from said vent by its side wall, and a pendent weight iiexibly supported from said valve; substantially as speci- 6. In a non-reiillable bottle, the combination with a neck provided with an airvent communicating therewith, of a valve adapted t-o seat at the lower end of said neck and to close the inlet from said vent, a pendent weight iiexibly supported from said valve, a stopper or guard above said valve provided with a longitudinal outlet and lateral passages com in nnicating therewith ,and means for locking said stopper in position; substantially as specified.
7. In a non-reiillable bottle, a neck portion having at its lower portion inclined walls cxtending to the body of said bottle, a vent-pas sage in said neck communicating with a perforated air-chamber, a sliding valve located in said neck and provided with a cup upon its upper face and a seat upon its lower face, and a pendent weight Hexibly supported from said valve and extending into said seat; vsubstantially as specified.
8. In a bottle, a neck portion provided with a seat at its lower end, a vent-passage communicating with said neck adjacent to said seat, and a valve adapted to rest at its lower end upon said seat and close said vent by its side wall; substantially as speciiied.
In testimony whereof I aiix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
LEE ANDERSON.
Witnesses: A
E. B. STocKINe, ALFRED T. GAGE.
IOO
IIO
US1896900A 1900-06-04 1900-06-04 Non-refillable bottle. Expired - Lifetime US665046A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100024472A1 (en) * 2003-02-07 2010-02-04 Woodside Energy Limited Removing Contaminants from Natural Gas

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100024472A1 (en) * 2003-02-07 2010-02-04 Woodside Energy Limited Removing Contaminants from Natural Gas

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