US660408A - Hop-drier. - Google Patents

Hop-drier. Download PDF

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Publication number
US660408A
US660408A US1756100A US1900017561A US660408A US 660408 A US660408 A US 660408A US 1756100 A US1756100 A US 1756100A US 1900017561 A US1900017561 A US 1900017561A US 660408 A US660408 A US 660408A
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Prior art keywords
drier
hops
hop
tray
main frame
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US1756100A
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Adolf Wolf
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B9/00Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects at rest or with only local agitation; Domestic airing cupboards
    • F26B9/06Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects at rest or with only local agitation; Domestic airing cupboards in stationary drums or chambers

Definitions

  • One purpose of the invention is to provide are obtainable under the present treatment of hops. l i
  • Another purpose of* the invention is to provide a means of drying the hops which will economize in time, fuel, labor, and expense and to soconstruct the'driers that the lupulin will be preserved andthe hops may be du mped quickly and conveniently without damage.
  • the invention consists in the novel construction' and combination of the several parts, as will be hereinafter fully set forth,
  • Figure 1 is a perspective view of a series of driers and a perspective view of a platform adapted to be placed in a kiln and support the driers
  • Fig. 2 is a transverse vertical section through one of the driers.
  • the frame A of theimproved drier consists of upper and lower end bars 10 and upper, lower, and intermediate side bars 11, which are connected with the end bars in any suitable or approved manner, together with upright bars 12, which are located at the central ventilated and heat can penetrate the covering.
  • the bottom of the drier' is removable and is arranged to dump.
  • This bottom B preferably consists of two skeleton frames 15 and y 15a, providedV at the top with a coveringlb of practically the sa'me character as the covering for the sides and ends of the main frame of the drier.
  • These two skeleton frames 15 and l5a are connected by hinges 16, and the end to end, whereby practically ther bottom portion of the main section or body of the drier is divided into two compartments, so
  • the ropes, cords, or chains 18 are released from engagement with the cleats 19, and the sections 15 and 15a of the bottom ⁇ portion B may then dropdownward at each side of the partition-board 17 andthe hops lwill be free to pass out at the bottom of the ICO in the body portion of the drier, and the ropes, cords, or chains 18 in passing upward engage with the sideterrorismnbers of the frame of the tray C and tend to normally keep the said tray in a horizontal position. of these trays C may be used and under such an arrangement the drier is provided with a number of chambers, to all of which heat is readily supplied.
  • the object of providing the tray C is to give the box a great capacity without placing a too-thick layer of hops on the perforated bottom. With a too-high layer ot' hops the material will pack closely together, interfering with the proper passage of heat. 'Ihus the tray C is inade'to carry part of the load of hops. t
  • the driers are placed close together upon a skeleton structure D, which is adapted lo be fitted in any suitable or approved manner in any desired form of kiln.
  • This structureD preferably consists of cross-bars 25 and longitudinal bars 24, the bars 24 and ⁇ 25 of the structure DA having such relation to each other that they support the ends and sides'of the driers and in no manner interfere with ⁇ the discharge of hops from the driers.
  • a scale 26 is employed in connection with the device, located at the inside of a drier and extending from the top to the bottoni.
  • This scale which is in inches, is used by the foreman of the dryhonse to determine in the most practicable way how 4deep the hops should be laid on the supports in the boxes, since the depth of hops must be uniform over the kiln.
  • the scale renders it easy to determine how deep to lay the green hops in the boxes so that the floors of hops will be unifdrm, which is Very essential.
  • the hops after they have been dried, may be discharged by dropping the sections of the bottom B of a tray and tilting the tray or trays employed in connection with a drier and that at no time are the hops trampled upon or broken, nor need the hops be turned over, as is customary under the ordinary process of drying. Hops when dried or partly dried are more or less brittle and if handled to any great extent thus much of the product is lost.
  • a-main skeleton frame provided with end and side coverings of a reticulated or perforated material, a bottom for the main frame independent thereof, supporting devices for the said bottom, and a tray located above the bottom and having pivotal connection with the main frame, as set forth.
  • a reticnlated or perforated covering for the sides and ends of the said main frame a division-board extending fromend to end at the bottom portionof the main frame, a bottom consisting of skeleton frames having a hinged connection and located above the di- ⁇ vision-board, a reticulated or perforated covering for said frames of the bottom, means for supporting the bottom and permitting a dumping action, and a tray removable from the main frame and located above the bottom, which tray has pivotal connection with the main frame of the drier, as described.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Drying Of Solid Materials (AREA)

Description

No. 660,400. Patented oct; 23, |900.
A. WOLF. uma omen. (pplicstiqn tiled Hgy 22, 190.)- (No Model.)
1g d F1 1 .um
f' ma A 770/?NEYS THE wams ve'rzns co. Ham-urna. msnworcu. o, c.
UNITED STATES PATENT; OEEICE.
ADOLE WOLF, OE s'iLvEEToN, OREGON.
HOP-omen.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters 1atent No. 660,408, dated, October 23, 1900.
` Application iled May 22, 1900, Serial No. 17,561. KNO model.)
To MZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ADOLF WOLF, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Silverton, in the county of Marion and State of Oregon, have invented a new and Improved Hop-Drier, of which the following is a full,
clear, and exact description.
One purpose of the invention is to provide are obtainable under the present treatment of hops. l i
Another purpose of* the invention is to provide a means of drying the hops which will economize in time, fuel, labor, and expense and to soconstruct the'driers that the lupulin will be preserved andthe hops may be du mped quickly and conveniently without damage.
The invention consists in the novel construction' and combination of the several parts, as will be hereinafter fully set forth,
and pointed out in the'claims.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which similar characters oflreference indicate corresponding parts Yin both figures.
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a series of driers and a perspective view of a platform adapted to be placed in a kiln and support the driers, and Fig. 2 is a transverse vertical section through one of the driers.
The frame A of theimproved drier consists of upper and lower end bars 10 and upper, lower, and intermediate side bars 11, which are connected with the end bars in any suitable or approved manner, together with upright bars 12, which are located at the central ventilated and heat can penetrate the covering.
The bottom of the drier' is removable and is arranged to dump. This bottom B preferably consists of two skeleton frames 15 and y 15a, providedV at the top with a coveringlb of practically the sa'me character as the covering for the sides and ends of the main frame of the drier. These two skeleton frames 15 and l5a are connected by hinges 16, and the end to end, whereby practically ther bottom portion of the main section or body of the drier is divided into two compartments, so
that 'when the hops are to be dumped they will fallfrom the drier at each side of the division-board 17. When the bottom Bis placed in the drier, the two frames 15 and l5a are at angles to each other, as shown in Fig. 2,'and the sections of the bottom B are held in position by ropes, cords, or chains 18, which are attached to the side port-ions of the frames of the bottom B at the centerv of said side portions, and the upper ends of the ropes, cords, or chains 18 are passed through cleats 19, carried by the main frame A, as illustrated in both views, andV knots 2O are formed at the upper ends of the ropes,cords, or chains, or instead of knots any7 other projection or enlargement may be formed which will prevent the ropes,cords,or chains from passing through or from being drawn through the cleats 19. When the hops are to be dumped from the drier, the ropes, cords, or chains 18 are released from engagement with the cleats 19, and the sections 15 and 15a of the bottom `portion B may then dropdownward at each side of the partition-board 17 andthe hops lwill be free to pass out at the bottom of the ICO in the body portion of the drier, and the ropes, cords, or chains 18 in passing upward engage with the sidenieinbers of the frame of the tray C and tend to normally keep the said tray in a horizontal position. of these trays C may be used and under such an arrangement the drier is provided with a number of chambers, to all of which heat is readily supplied. The object of providing the tray C is to give the box a great capacity without placing a too-thick layer of hops on the perforated bottom. With a too-high layer ot' hops the material will pack closely together, interfering with the proper passage of heat. 'Ihus the tray C is inade'to carry part of the load of hops. t
The driers are placed close together upon a skeleton structure D, which is adapted lo be fitted in any suitable or approved manner in any desired form of kiln. This structureD preferably consists of cross-bars 25 and longitudinal bars 24, the bars 24 and` 25 of the structure DA having such relation to each other that they support the ends and sides'of the driers and in no manner interfere with` the discharge of hops from the driers. Preferably a scale 26 is employed in connection with the device, located at the inside of a drier and extending from the top to the bottoni. This scale, which is in inches, is used by the foreman of the dryhonse to determine in the most practicable way how 4deep the hops should be laid on the supports in the boxes, since the depth of hops must be uniform over the kiln. In fact, the scale renders it easy to determine how deep to lay the green hops in the boxes so that the floors of hops will be unifdrm, which is Very essential.
It will be observed that the hops, after they have been dried, may be discharged by dropping the sections of the bottom B of a tray and tilting the tray or trays employed in connection with a drier and that at no time are the hops trampled upon or broken, nor need the hops be turned over, as is customary under the ordinary process of drying. Hops when dried or partly dried are more or less brittle and if handled to any great extent thus much of the product is lost.
Any numberseparate, break, or become pulverized, and
is entirely avoided by the `use of the apparatus above described.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent-e y l. In a hop-drier, a box open at the bottom, a reticulated bottom consisting of two sections hinged together at their inner edges, p
and supporting devices for the outer portions of the bottom.
2. In a hop-drier, a-main skeleton frame provided with end and side coverings of a reticulated or perforated material, a bottom for the main frame independent thereof, supporting devices for the said bottom, and a tray located above the bottom and having pivotal connection with the main frame, as set forth.
3. In a hop-drier, a main skeleton frame,4
a reticnlated or perforated covering for the sides and ends of the said main frame, a division-board extending fromend to end at the bottom portionof the main frame, a bottom consisting of skeleton frames having a hinged connection and located above the di-` vision-board, a reticulated or perforated covering for said frames of the bottom, means for supporting the bottom and permitting a dumping action, and a tray removable from the main frame and located above the bottom, which tray has pivotal connection with the main frame of the drier, as described.
4. In a hop-drier, a box open at the bottoni and provided with a vertical partition at its lower portion, a reticulated bottom con# sisting of two sections hinged together at` This lossv
US1756100A 1900-05-22 1900-05-22 Hop-drier. Expired - Lifetime US660408A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2792644A (en) * 1954-12-01 1957-05-21 Albert Schwill & Company Malting apparatus
US2803891A (en) * 1953-08-13 1957-08-27 Cretors & Co C Device for storing and dispensing popcorn and the like
GB2541518A (en) * 2015-07-08 2017-02-22 Porsche Ag Sound transmitting system for a motor vehicle and method for a sound transmitting system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2803891A (en) * 1953-08-13 1957-08-27 Cretors & Co C Device for storing and dispensing popcorn and the like
US2792644A (en) * 1954-12-01 1957-05-21 Albert Schwill & Company Malting apparatus
GB2541518A (en) * 2015-07-08 2017-02-22 Porsche Ag Sound transmitting system for a motor vehicle and method for a sound transmitting system

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