US657411A - Stalk-cutter. - Google Patents

Stalk-cutter. Download PDF

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Publication number
US657411A
US657411A US1036300A US1900010363A US657411A US 657411 A US657411 A US 657411A US 1036300 A US1036300 A US 1036300A US 1900010363 A US1900010363 A US 1900010363A US 657411 A US657411 A US 657411A
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Prior art keywords
shoe
cutter
riding
shaft
frame
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Expired - Lifetime
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US1036300A
Inventor
Jacob Hamm
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John F Demel
Frank Hamm
Jacob Hamm
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Priority to US1036300A priority Critical patent/US657411A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D34/00Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters
    • A01D34/835Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters specially adapted for particular purposes
    • A01D34/8355Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters specially adapted for particular purposes for cutting up or crushing remaining standing stalks, e.g. stubble

Description

lo. 657,4". Patented Sept. 4, |900. J. HAMM.

'ST-ALK CUTTER.,

(Applistion ld Har.. 27 1.900.;

2 Sheets-Sheet l.

(Ilo Nudel.)

No. 657,411. Patented sept.` 4, |900.

I J. HAMM.

STALK CUTTER.

l (Application led Mu. 27, 1900.:

2 Sheath-Sheet 2.

(No Model.)

hlt NORM! PETERS co. PHoTcrLlTno. wAsHmcwN u c NITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.,

JAOOB HAMM, OF STEELBUEG, NEBRASKA, AssiGNOB OF ONE-HALF To JOHN F. DEMEL AND FRANK HAMM, OF STEELE O1TY,NEBBAsKA.

sTALK-CUTTER.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No.` 657,411, dated September 4, 1900.

Application filed March 2'7, 1900I Serial No. 10,363. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, JACOB HAMM, a citizen of the United States, residing at Steelburg, in the county of Jeerson and State of Nebraska, have invented a new and useful Stalk- Qutter, of which the following is a specification.

My invention' is an improved stalk-cutter adapted for cutting standing cornstalks in a `field into short lengths, whereby they may be readily covered out of the way when the field is plowed; and it consists in the combination, with a supporting-frame and a cutting mechanism, of a tubuiar shoe or runner adapted to ride down the cornstalks and dispose the same in position to be cut by the cutting mechanism,and means for raising and lowering said tubular shoe or runner and said cutting mechanism.

My invention further consistsin the peculiar construction and combination of devices hereinafter. fully set forth,and pointed out in the claims. A

.In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a side elevation of an improved stalk-cutter embodying my invention, the near wheel thereof being removed. Fig. 2 is a top plan View of the same. Fig. 3 is a vertical longitudinal sectional View of the same. Fig. 4 is arear elevation of the same. Fig. 5 is a detail View.

In the embodiment of myinvention herein shown, 1 represents the axle-shaft, which is journaled in bearings on the depending ends of an arch-bar 2 and is provided with Wheels 3 4, which are respectively fast and loose thereon. A draft-pole or tongue 5 is secured near its rear extending end under the center of the arch-bar 2, and the latter is braced by means of brace-bars 6, which may be either of thev form here shownor of any othersuitable form and either connected to the axle-shaft, as here shown, or connected to the arch-bar. The slotted plate orkeeper 7 is secured on the end of the draft-pole, which extends in rear of the arch-bar over the axle, and in said slotted plate or keeper is secured thelower end of a spring-bar 8, which ,isA adjustable longitudinally thereon and carries at its rear upper end 'a seat 9 for the driver. It will be understood from the foregoing and by reference to the drawings thatby this construction the supporting-frame, which'comprises, essentiallv, the draft-pole or tongue, the archbar, and the brace-bar 6, is countrbalauced on the axle-shaft, the weight of the driver when the machine is in operation contributing to counterbalance the frame thereof. eled gear-wheel 10 is loose on the axle-shaft and is provided on one side with a clutch member 11, adapted to be engaged and disengaged by a clutch 12, which is splined on the axle-shaft and is operated by a hand-le- Ver 13, which is within convenient reach of the driver and is provided with the usual segment-rack 14 and locking-detent 15,where by it may be secured when adj usted.

A rocking frame 16 extends rearward from the supporting-frame, and the front-ends of the side .bars 17 thereof are pivotally conn'ected to the axle-shaft. Said rocking frame may be either of the form here shown or of any other suitable form and is provided with bearings 18, in which is journaled the longitudinally-disposed shaftv 19, which is centrally located with reference to the frame and is provided at its front end with a beveled pinion 20, which engages the beveled gear-wheel 10. A cutter-wheel 21 is keyed to the rearextending portion of the shaft 19 and rotates therewith in a circular shield or casing 22, in which the shaft 19 is centrally journaled, the front side of the said casing being braced by brace-bars 23, which ,connect the same to the axle-shaft, as shown. The said shield or casing'is provided on its rear side with a removable cover 24, bolted or otherwise secu red thereto, as shown, and having an Ope11ing25 formed by cutting away the lower portion of said cover, the said opening being of any suitable form. A semicircular opening 26 is made in the lower side of the front portion of the shield or casing and is provided on its rear side with a iiange or odset 27, which forms a coacting cutting edge with the cutting edges of the. curved cuttingarms 28, with which the cutter wheel or disk is provided.

A Vlongitudinally-disposed substantiallytubular shoe 29, which is preferably semicylindrical in form, as here shown, has its rear end connected to the shield or casing 22 bya hinged joint 30, said rear end of the said tu- `A bevv flared funnel-shaped mouth is suiicient to cause the same to gather in the standing cornstalkspin a row `whenl the same are being ridden down by theshoe, the latter serving to bend and incline the stalks as it passes over them to a substantially-horizontal posi tion, `so that they become cut into' short lengths by the successive cutting arms or blades of the -revolving cutting-Wheel.

A pair of gatheringarms 32, which are curved, as shown, are pivotally connected to the under side of the draft-pole or tongue at a'point in advance of the shoe, as at 33, and said gathering-arms have their lower ends adapted to slide on the ground in advance of the shoe, as at 34, and are flexibly connected to the inner sides of the iiared mouthV or forward extension of the shoe, as at 35. Hence the said gathering-arms serve to keep the front end of the shoe depressed sufficiently to cause the same to ride down the standing cornstalks, and said arms 32, moreover, serve to gather cornstalks which are laterally inclined in t-he rows and dispose the same in position to be'engaged by the riding-shoe.

A hand-lever 36 is mounted on the supporting-frame at a suitable point within convenient reach of the driver and is provided with the usual segment-rack 37 and spring-pressed locking-detent 38, and said hand-lever is connected to the rocking frame 16 by a suitable cord or chain, as at 39, said cord or chain passing over the bearing-sheave 40, mounted in a bracket 41 on the rear end ofthe draftpole or tongue.` A suitable hand-lever 42'is mounted on the draft-pole or tongue a slight distance in advance of the lever 36 and is likewise provided with a segment-rack 43 and a spring-pressed locking-detent, (indicated at 44,) and said lever 42 is connected to the front end of the riding-shoe by a suitable cord or chain 45, which passes over the bearingsheave 46, mounted in a slot or opening 47 in the draft-pole or tongue. The lower end of said cord or chain is divided, the ends thereof, as here shown, being passed through openings 48 in the sides of the flared mouth of the riding-shoe and fattached to the gatheringarms 32, the said divided ends of the said cord or chain thereby forming links, which connect the said gathering-arms 32 flexibly to the mouth of the riding-shoe.

It will be understood that by means of the hand-lever 36 and cord or chain 39 the rocking frame 16 may be raised, so as to elevate the rear ends of the riding-shoe and also elevate the cutting mechanism from the ground. It will be further understood that by means of the lever 42 and chain or cord 45 the front end of the riding-shoe, together with the .at the ends of therows. `understood that when the clutch l2 is in engagement with the gear-wheel 10 theV latter 1 will be caused to rotate, and thereby rotate gathering-arms 32, may be likewise elevated from the groundto permit the machine to be driven from one iield to another and turned lt will be further the cutter-wheel, and that when said clutch is disengaged from said gear-wheel l()l the cutter will be thrown out of operation.

Having thus described my invention, I claim p l. In a stalk-cutter, the combination with a supporting-frame, of ariding-shoe adapted toride down and bend standing cornstalks, and a cutting mechanism in rear of said riding-shoe, substantially as described.

2. The combination` with a supportingframe, of a rocking frame, a revoluble cutter carried by the rockingrframe and geared to the axle-shaft, of the supporting-f rame, a riding-shoe having its rear end supported by the rocking frame, a lever to raise and lower the latterI and thereby vraise and lower the rear end ofthe riding-shoe, and a lever and connections to raise and lower the front end of the riding-slice, substantially as described.

3. In combination witha supporting-frame having an laxle-shaft provided with a gearwheel, a rocking frame pivoted on said axle, a revoluble cutter havinga supporting-shaft journaled in the rocking frame and provided with a lpinion engaging said gear-wheel, a shield carried by the rocking frame and incasing the revoluble cutter, a longitudinallydisposed riding-shoe in advance of the cutter mechanism and having its rear end flexibly connected to the lower side of said shield, and means to raise and lower said rocking frame and the front end of said riding-shoe, substantially as described.

Y `4.*In a cornstalk-cutter of the class des vsaid riding-shoe and'flexibly connected thereto, substantially as described.

In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own Ihave hereto affixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.

JACOB Witnesses:

C. H. DENNEY, EDWARD B. OovvLEs.

IOO

US1036300A 1900-03-27 1900-03-27 Stalk-cutter. Expired - Lifetime US657411A (en)

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US1036300A US657411A (en) 1900-03-27 1900-03-27 Stalk-cutter.

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2479510A (en) * 1947-10-20 1949-08-16 Ernest B Pollard Stalk cutter
US2553855A (en) * 1949-03-30 1951-05-22 Whiteley And Caine Stalk-gathering tunnel and pickup guard
US2569307A (en) * 1949-02-14 1951-09-25 Whiteley And Caine Machine for shredding and disintegrating vegetable stalks
US2569308A (en) * 1949-09-08 1951-09-25 Whiteley And Caine Machine for shredding and disintegrating vegetable stalks
US2572298A (en) * 1948-07-23 1951-10-23 Alvarez Guiliermo Diaz Plow with rotary stalk cutter
US2621460A (en) * 1948-11-17 1952-12-16 Whiteley And Caine Device for shredding and disintegrating vegetable stalks
US2632988A (en) * 1947-10-20 1953-03-31 Ernest B Pollard Stalk cutter
US2654199A (en) * 1948-12-18 1953-10-06 Deere & Co Power-driven stalk cutter
US3006127A (en) * 1958-01-20 1961-10-31 Becker Jacob Combination lawn edger and hedge trimmer
US3695013A (en) * 1971-06-15 1972-10-03 Powell Mfg Co Apparatus for topping stalk-type plants
US3717982A (en) * 1971-07-06 1973-02-27 Gear Co M W Corn detasseler head
US3914923A (en) * 1971-07-01 1975-10-28 Waycrosse Inc Plant topping apparatus
US4319445A (en) * 1980-05-19 1982-03-16 Coats Kenneth R Guide and deflecting device

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2632988A (en) * 1947-10-20 1953-03-31 Ernest B Pollard Stalk cutter
US2479510A (en) * 1947-10-20 1949-08-16 Ernest B Pollard Stalk cutter
US2572298A (en) * 1948-07-23 1951-10-23 Alvarez Guiliermo Diaz Plow with rotary stalk cutter
US2621460A (en) * 1948-11-17 1952-12-16 Whiteley And Caine Device for shredding and disintegrating vegetable stalks
US2654199A (en) * 1948-12-18 1953-10-06 Deere & Co Power-driven stalk cutter
US2569307A (en) * 1949-02-14 1951-09-25 Whiteley And Caine Machine for shredding and disintegrating vegetable stalks
US2553855A (en) * 1949-03-30 1951-05-22 Whiteley And Caine Stalk-gathering tunnel and pickup guard
US2569308A (en) * 1949-09-08 1951-09-25 Whiteley And Caine Machine for shredding and disintegrating vegetable stalks
US3006127A (en) * 1958-01-20 1961-10-31 Becker Jacob Combination lawn edger and hedge trimmer
US3695013A (en) * 1971-06-15 1972-10-03 Powell Mfg Co Apparatus for topping stalk-type plants
US3914923A (en) * 1971-07-01 1975-10-28 Waycrosse Inc Plant topping apparatus
US3717982A (en) * 1971-07-06 1973-02-27 Gear Co M W Corn detasseler head
US4319445A (en) * 1980-05-19 1982-03-16 Coats Kenneth R Guide and deflecting device

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