US655274A - Steam-generator. - Google Patents

Steam-generator. Download PDF

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Publication number
US655274A
US655274A US73799399A US1899737993A US655274A US 655274 A US655274 A US 655274A US 73799399 A US73799399 A US 73799399A US 1899737993 A US1899737993 A US 1899737993A US 655274 A US655274 A US 655274A
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passages
vessel
steam
heat
passage
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US73799399A
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Robert Ramsden
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Robert Ramsden
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G21NUCLEAR PHYSICS; NUCLEAR ENGINEERING
    • G21CNUCLEAR REACTORS
    • G21C1/00Reactor types
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22BMETHODS OF STEAM GENERATION; STEAM BOILERS
    • F22B37/00Component parts or details of steam boilers
    • F22B37/02Component parts or details of steam boilers applicable to more than one kind or type of steam boiler
    • F22B37/10Water tubes; Accessories therefor
    • F22B37/18Inserts, e.g. for receiving deposits from water
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E30/00Energy generation of nuclear origin
    • Y02E30/30Nuclear fission reactors

Description

No. 655,274. Patented Aug. 7, I900.
R. RAMSDEN.
STEAM GENERATOR.
(Application filed Nov. 23, 1899.) (No Model.)
I I 1 J 39 1 J JL Witnesses. Inventor.
M4514 W I I A ttorney? NITED STATES,
PATENT Felon.
STEAM-G EN ERATOR.-
QPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. $55,274:, dated August '7, 1900.
Application filed November 23, 1899. Serial No. 737,993. (No model.)
To to wit/07m it may concern:
Be it known that 1, ROBERT RAMSDEN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Philadelphia, county of Philadelphia, and State of Pennsylvania, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Steam or Gas Generators, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which form a part of this specification.
The object of my invention is to provide an apparatus by means of which liquids may be generated rapidly and at slight expense into steam or other gas. I
Speaking generally, my invention consists in the following improvements: first, the form of the generator or boiler and the means for introducing the liquid into the generator, where it is to be formed into steam or gas; second, in the material which is placed in r the incoming passages and the interior of the partially in section, of the generator or boiler and its inolosing case.
The boiler consists, essentially, of the shell A, provided on two sides with the projecting rib A and on two other sides with projecting cones A The wall of this boiler is made of sufficient thickness to allow the proper amount of heat to be absorbed and retained, and the purpose of the projections and cones, which, as shown in 'the drawings, are staggered, is to cause the heat, which is produced from a suitable source of supply, to circulate around the surface or shell A in order to properly heat the same. Through the two sides of the shell of this boiler are formed passages D and D, the passage D opening at the bottom into a transverse passage E, while the passage D opens into a transverse passage E, these two passages E and E crossing each other, as shown in Fig. 3. From these passages E and E extend vertical passages F, opening into the interior of the boiler or generator. The ends of the passages E and E are closed by means of caps or plugs K.
D is a pipe connected with the source of liquid-supply and the passage D. D is also a pipe connected with thesource of liquidsupply and the passage D. The liquid to be generated into steam or gas is fed in any desired manner through the pipes D and D With the apparatus so far described it will be seen that theincomin g liquid is distributed into the interior of the boiler or generator at a plurality of points, and, moreover, is so distributed in a somewhat comminnted form and is brought to a considerable heat, if not to vapor, before it reaches the interior of the boiler, being subject to heat in its passage through the passages D D E E. In order to provide for still further comminution of the liquid in its passage through these passages, I fill the passages with a material which is new with me for this purpose and which produces very advantageous results. This material which I use is metal gauze or wire meshing, preferably of copper, although I have used iron with good results. Either in addition to this or as a substitute I use carborundum in a granular or finely-divided condition. The preferable manner is to use alternate layers of the'wire mesh or gauze and carborundum, the wire mesh being pressed into close continuity. These materials I have found highly efficient. The carborundum is practically infusible, non-oxidizable, and insoluble, except under extraordinary conditions, and therefore always presents a multitude of heating-surfaces to act on the liquid in its passage. The same is true of the wire mesh in that it presents a multitude of surfaces to act upon the liquid and while pos sibly oxidizable it is impossible to oxidize it carborundum H, although the interior of the boiler, like the pipes, may be filled entirely with carborundum or with the wire mesh.
0 represents the outlet for the gas or steam.
B is the cover for the top of the boiler, and J represents an asbestos covering which may be placed around the side and top of the boiler. This is done by providing a hollow sheet-iron casing I, around which the asbestos is packed the casing I contacting closely at the sides with the projections from the boiler, but leaving a space at the top.
I is a pipe or tube to carry off the products of combustion after having passed around the boiler or generator.
If desired, the boiler may be divided into compartments, as shown in the drawings, by means of the cross-walls A. This is valuable, especially in large-sized generators, to enable the heat of the walls A to be distributed throughout the whole space of the interior of the generator.
The operation is as follows: The liquid to be generated into gas or steam is' fed in proper manner into the pipes D and D through which it passes to the passages D D, respectively, thence to'the passages E E, and thence through the passages F into the interior of the boiler, up which it passes and escapes as steam or gas through the tube 0. As may be seen, from the very point of its entrance into the passages D D until its exit at the pipe 0 the liquid is comminuted both by the material in the passages D D andE E, the plurality of passages F, and the material in the interior of the boiler. At the same'time it is subjected to the heat absorbed by the boiler from the products of combustion-from the time of its entrance into the passages D and D until it passes out of the pipe 0. By this construction the liquid is not only subjected to heat during its-entire passage and for a considerable period of time, but is subjected to this heat throughout its wholetime in a finely-comminuted condition.
-Of .course I'do not intend to limit my invention, except wherein the same is specifically claimed, to the use of carborundum or wire mesh in the passages D D, as one part of my invention consists in the construction of passages for delivering the liquid into the interior of the boiler and subjecting it to heat duringsuch delivery; nor do I intend to limit myself to the use of alternate layers of carborundum and wire mesh, as my improvement is applicable to a construction in which either carborundum or wire mesh alone is used, the use of both in alternate layers having, however, certain advantages.
Having now fully described my invention, what I claim, and desire to protect by Letters Patent, is-
1. A steam or gas generator comprising a hollow vessel the walls of which are adapted to be subjected exteriorly to heat, a passage in the wall of said vessel, a plurality of passages, passing through the wall, connecting the passage in the wall with the interior of the vessel.
2. A steam or gas generator comprising a vessel the walls of which are adapted to be subjected exteriorly to heat, passagesin the wall of said vessel and a plurality of passages, passingthrough the wall,-connecting the passages in the wall with the interior of the vessel.
3. A steam or gas generator comprising a hollow vessel the walls of which are adapted to be subjected exteriorly to heat, a passage in the vertical wall of said vessel, a transverse passage in the lower wall of said vessel, and a plurality of passages passing through the wall and connecting the transverse passage with the interior of the generator.
4;. A steam orgas generator comprising a hollow vessel the walls of which are adapted to be subjected exteriorly to heat, avplnrality of passages inthe'verticalwall of said vessel, 1
hollow vessel the walls of which are adapted to be subjected exteriorly to heat, passages, containing carboru nd um, in the vertical wall of said vessel and communicating-with theinterior thereof through a plurality of passages.
7. A steam or gas generator comprising a hollow vessel the walls of which are adapted to be subjected exteriorly to heat, a passage,
containing carborundum, in the vertical wall of'said vessel, a transverse passage in the lower wall of said vessel communicating'with said last-mentioned passage, and a plurality of passages leading from the transverse passage to the interior ofthe generator.
8. A steam or gas generator comprising a hollow vessel the walls of which are adapted to be subjected exteriorly to heat, a plurality of passages, containing carborundum, in the vertical wall of said vessel, a plurality of transverse passages in thelower wall of said vessel communicating with said last-mentioned passage, each transverse passagehaving a plurality of passages into the interior of the boiler.
9. A steam-or gas generator comprising a hollow vessel the walls of which are adapted to be subjected exteriorly to heat,'a passage, containing wire mesh,in the wall of-said vessel and communicating with the interior thereof through a plurality of passages.
10. A steam or gas generator comprising-a hollow vessel the walls of which are adapted to be subjected exteriorly to heat, passages, containing wire mesh, in the wall of said vessel and communicating with the interior thereof through a plurality of passages.
11. A steam or gas generator comprising a hollow vessel the walls of which are adapted to be subjected exteriorly to heat, a passage, containing wire mesh, in the vertical wall of said vessel, a transverse passage in the lower wall of said vessel communicating with said last-mentioned passage, and a plurality of passages leading from the transverse passage to the interior of the generator.
12. A steam or gas generator comprising a hollow vessel the walls of which are adapted to be subjected exteriorly to heat, a plurality of passages, containing wire mesh, in the vertical wall of said vessel, a plurality of transverse passages in the lower wall of said vessel communicating with said last-mentioned passages, each transverse passage having a plurality of passages leading into the interior of the generator.
13. A steam or gas generator comprising a hollow vessel the walls of which are adapted to be subjected exteriorly to heat, a passage, containing alternate layers of carborundum and wire mesh, in the wall of said vessel and communicating with the interior thereof through a plurality of passages.
14. A steam or gas generator comprising a hollow vessel the walls of which are adapted to be subjected exteriorly to heat, passages, containing alternate layers of carborundum and wire mesh, in the wall of'said vessel and communicating with the interior thereof through a plurality of passages.
15. A steam or gas generator comprising a hollow vessel the walls of which are adapted to be subjected exteriorly to heat, a passage, containing alternate layers of carborundum and wire mesh, in the vertical wall of said vessel, a transverse passage in the lower wall of said vessel, communicating with said lastmentioned passage,and a pluralityof passages leading from the transverse passage to the interior of the generator.
16. A steam or gas generator comprising a hollow vessel the walls of which are adapted to be subjected exteriorly to heat, a plurality of passages, containing alternate layers of carborundnm and wire mesh, in the vertical wall of said vessel, a plurality of transverse passages in the lower wall of said vessel communicating with said last mentioned passa es, each transverse passage having a plurality of passages leading into the interior of the generator.
17. A steam or gas generator comprising a hollow vessel, the walls of which are adapted to be subjected exteriorly to heat and provided with an inlet for the liquid and an outlet for the gas or steam, the interior of said vessel between the inlet and outlet containing carborundum and wire mesh.
18. A steam or gas generator comprising a hollow vessel the walls of which are adapted to be subjected exteriorly to heat and provided with an inlet for the liquid and an out= let for the gas or steam, the interior of said vessel containing alternate layers of carborundum and wire mesh.
19. A steam or gas generator comprising a hollow vessel the walls of which are adapted to be subjected exteriorly to heat and provided on its interior with crosswalls of heatconducting material extending from the walls of the vessel across the interior.
In testimony of which invention I have hereunto set my hand, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on this 17th day of November, 1899.
ROBERT RAMSDEN.
Witnesses:
M. F. ELLIS, J. M. SHINDLER, Jr.
US73799399A 1899-11-23 1899-11-23 Steam-generator. Expired - Lifetime US655274A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3299861A (en) * 1963-02-26 1967-01-24 Asea Ab Arrangement for increasing the surface of a boiling solution surface
US3353742A (en) * 1965-10-14 1967-11-21 Thomas E Bowman Back-streaming control in a diffusion pump
US3877511A (en) * 1972-09-20 1975-04-15 Stotz & Co Method and apparatus for dampening noise occurring in liquid heaters operating according to the vacuum vaporization principle
US3884194A (en) * 1972-12-27 1975-05-20 Citroen Sa Recovery of thermal energy from the exhaust gases of an internal combustion engine
US4121563A (en) * 1977-02-22 1978-10-24 Walter J. Kreske Fuel saving furnace improvement
US4395976A (en) * 1979-11-26 1983-08-02 Commissariat A L'energie Atomique Heat exchanger
US4405010A (en) * 1978-06-28 1983-09-20 Sanders Associates, Inc. Sensible heat storage unit
US20150136115A1 (en) * 2012-05-09 2015-05-21 Commissariat à I'energie atomique et aux énergies alternatives Heat storage tank with improved thermal stratification

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3299861A (en) * 1963-02-26 1967-01-24 Asea Ab Arrangement for increasing the surface of a boiling solution surface
US3353742A (en) * 1965-10-14 1967-11-21 Thomas E Bowman Back-streaming control in a diffusion pump
US3877511A (en) * 1972-09-20 1975-04-15 Stotz & Co Method and apparatus for dampening noise occurring in liquid heaters operating according to the vacuum vaporization principle
US3884194A (en) * 1972-12-27 1975-05-20 Citroen Sa Recovery of thermal energy from the exhaust gases of an internal combustion engine
US4121563A (en) * 1977-02-22 1978-10-24 Walter J. Kreske Fuel saving furnace improvement
US4405010A (en) * 1978-06-28 1983-09-20 Sanders Associates, Inc. Sensible heat storage unit
US4395976A (en) * 1979-11-26 1983-08-02 Commissariat A L'energie Atomique Heat exchanger
US20150136115A1 (en) * 2012-05-09 2015-05-21 Commissariat à I'energie atomique et aux énergies alternatives Heat storage tank with improved thermal stratification

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