US647427A - Cooking and heating stove. - Google Patents

Cooking and heating stove. Download PDF

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Publication number
US647427A
US647427A US63784197A US1897637841A US647427A US 647427 A US647427 A US 647427A US 63784197 A US63784197 A US 63784197A US 1897637841 A US1897637841 A US 1897637841A US 647427 A US647427 A US 647427A
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United States
Prior art keywords
stove
grate
cooking
oven
draft
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Expired - Lifetime
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US63784197A
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Howard D W Sawyer
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NEMO HEATER Co
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NEMO HEATER Co
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Priority to US63784197A priority Critical patent/US647427A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/20Ranges
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES
    • F24B5/00Combustion-air or flue-gas circulation in or around stoves or ranges
    • F24B5/02Combustion-air or flue-gas circulation in or around stoves or ranges in or around stoves
    • F24B5/04Combustion-air or flue-gas circulation in or around stoves or ranges in or around stoves the air or gas passing downwards through the bottom of the stove of fire grate

Description

647,427. Pate ntd Apr. l0 1900 H. n. w. SAWYEB.
COOKING AND HEATlNG STOVE.
(Application filed May 24, 1897.)
(No Model.)
Kl INYEJJTU UNITED STATES I PATENT OFFICE.
HOWARD D. W. SAWYER, OF REVERE, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGNOR TO THE NEMO HEATER COMPANY, OF PORTLAND, MAINE, AND GAM- BRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS.
COOKING AND HEATING STOVE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Iatent No. 647,427, dated April 10, 1900. Application filed May 24, 1897. Serial No. 637,841. (No model.)
T0 whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, HOWARD D. W. SAW- YER, of Revere, in the county of Suffolk and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Cooking and Heating Stoves, of which the follow ing, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, is a specification.
The object of this invention is to provid a most simple and efficient downward-draft cooking and house-heating stove in which complete combustion of the fuel is attained and water circulating through the hollow grate=bars and connecting-tubes is effectually heated. In my present invention I have especially sought to simplify the apparatus,and hence to reduce cost and liability to get out of order, without impairing its efficiency. I have therefore omitted Water walls or tables and now use as a grate a succession of parallel water-tubes connected at their ends with larger tubes or Water-boxes, with which the inlet or supply pipe and the outlet or circulation pipe respectively communicate. The draft inlet is through the body of the stove above the grate, either through a griddle-hole or the broiler-opening, and hence the fumes of cooking and the gases generated from the fuel, with all the volatile products of combustion, are normally carried downward through the fire and consumed, the caloric-current passing between the water-containing grate-bars and thence beneath, beyond, and over the oven to the funnel. A high degree of heat attends the complete com bustion of the fuel thus attained, a bakingoven is always available, and water exposed in the pipes to the intense current within the stove is utilized for the sink or bath-room and for heating other rooms by hotwater circulation. Return-pipes from the radiators may traverse the caloric-passage beneath the oven and the combustion-chamber below the grate for effective exposure to the heat therein. My invention also provides for converting this most effective winter heater into a summer stove when a limited amount of heat is desired and hot-water circulation to the radiators is not required. This I accomplish by closing the caloric-passage beneath the oven at will and opening one above the oven, at
the same time closing the draft-inlet above the grate and opening one below it, thereby reversing the draft-current through the grate and fire-pot and producing a convertible downdraft and updraft cooking-stove.
The deflectors, slides, or dampers by which the caloric-passages are opened and closed are preferably connected for simultaneous operation, so that one will always be closed when the other is open; but they may be operated independently by the attendant.
Another feature of ,my present invention is a sliding cover for the ash-pit, by which when ashes are to be removed the downward draft is not interfered with and ashdust isprevented from drawing into the calorie-passage. A similar slide covers and uncovers a soot box or dust -box within the rear part of the stove, said slides resting at other times on top of the hot closet in the base of the stove and being operated when desired by protruding rods with terminal knobs.
In the drawings, Figure l is a vertical longitudinal section through the stove-body, and Fig. 2 a transverse sction on line 2 2 of Fig. 1.
A represents the stove-body, which may be of'any' ordinary pattern having the interior oven B.
O is the fuel-chamber, and D the combustion-chamber, together forming the fire-pot occupying the frontend of the stove.
E is the water-grate, arranged obliquely between the chambers O and D and formed of a succession of parallel tubes entering larger pipes or water-boxes E and provided with a supply-pipe F and an outlet-pipe G for a continuous water-current through the grate and connecting-pipes. The water circulation thus insured supplies the sink, radiators, and bath-room with abundance of hot water and at the same time prevents burning out or melting the grate-bars. The supply-pipe or return-pipe may traverse the caloric-passage, as indicated in dotted lines, Fig. 1.
II is the broiler-opening, serving as a draftinlet through the stove-body above the grate, and I I are covers for the griddle-holes in the stove-top. Partial removal of one of these covers over the grate provides a suitable inlet, or lateral openings controlled by slides will be provided. In either case the draft is normally downward between the tubular grate-bars E, on which the fuel rests, which insures not only that the gases and light combustible matter shall pass downwardly into the fire to be consumed therein instead of contaminating the external air, but also that the draft-current shall be an intensely-hot instead of a cold blast against the grate-bars and shall tend to free the upper surface of such bars from ashes, and thereby keep the lower part of the fire very much hotter than usual.
J is a hot closet in the base of the stove under the oven. loric-passage K, leading horizontally'from the combustion-chamber D, and such passage is continued upwardly beyond the oven and horizontally above its top to the funnel L,
1 so that the caloric-current completely encircles the oven and in its normal course passes over the hot closet and the oven. I, however, provide for deflecting the current out of this course when a small fire only is requiredT -as, for instance, during much of the summer sea- SOD.
At such times the deflector or damper M at the inlet to the caloric-passage is closed, and a like device N is opened at the top of the fuel-chamber, so that the caloric-current isquite direct to the funnel and not downwardlybetween-the grate-bars. These deflectors are represented as pivoted dampers, and'they may be separately operated ;:but I prefer to connect the crank-arms m .n on their axes by a rod Oywhich will open-one when the other is closed. Thisconvertible feature is very advantageous, giving as it does to a single stove the varying heating capabilities The draft will ordi-:
of two distinct heaters.
:..narily= be admitted below the grate rather mally rests on top of the hot closet J, but may.
than above it whenthe limited fire is desired. The ash-box P at the base of the fire-box.
is provided with a sliding cover Q, which norbe drawn forward by a rod R when the ashes are to be removed. By this device the downward draft is not interfered with in opening the ash-door S to take up the ashes, since the 'ash-pitis at thattime cut off from the comhustion-chamber by said slide.
A similar slide may be provided at the other end of the hot closet to open'and close the-top of a dust- I box U.
I claim as my invention- Between the two is the ca- 1. The improved cooking and househeat :ing stove described consisting of the stove body proper, the fire-box within such body and comprising the fuel-chamber above and the combustion-chamber below the grating,
the tubular grate therein with connecting- .pipes' for continuous water circulation through such grate, a draft-inlet through the stove-body above the grate and an ash-door below it, in combination with the oven,the hot closet beneath it, and the caloric-passage from the grate downwardly, thence between the oven and'hot closet, and upwardly beyond and over the oven, substantially as set forth.
2. The described convertible down ward and upward draft stove, consisting of the stove- .body proper,uthe fire-box within such body andcomprising the fuel-chamber above and the gas-comb ustion chamber below the grate, the draft-inlet and ash-door V similarly disposed, the tubular,water-containin g grate between said chambers and provided with water-circulation pipes, in combination with the oven inclosed within the stove-body, the caloric-passage from said chambers entirely encircling the oven,'and with the'deflecting- .dampers adapted to control said passage and reverse the draft through the grate, substantially as set forth.
3. In a downdraft cooking and heating stove the stove-body'proper having within it the oven and the fire-box at; substantially the same height, thewater-circulation pipes with tubular grate dividing the fire-box into two HOWARD D. w. smvvnn.
Witnesses:
A. H. SPENCER, D. W. 'WonMwoop.
US63784197A 1897-05-24 1897-05-24 Cooking and heating stove. Expired - Lifetime US647427A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4195617A (en) * 1978-07-06 1980-04-01 Ridgway Steel Fabricators, Inc. Wood burning water-circulating stove

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4195617A (en) * 1978-07-06 1980-04-01 Ridgway Steel Fabricators, Inc. Wood burning water-circulating stove

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