US641131A - Apparatus for separating and cleaning pulp for paper-making. - Google Patents

Apparatus for separating and cleaning pulp for paper-making. Download PDF

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US641131A
US641131A US71597899A US1899715978A US641131A US 641131 A US641131 A US 641131A US 71597899 A US71597899 A US 71597899A US 1899715978 A US1899715978 A US 1899715978A US 641131 A US641131 A US 641131A
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cylinder
vat
pulp
aperture
paper
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US71597899A
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Fred C Michaelis
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21DTREATMENT OF THE MATERIALS BEFORE PASSING TO THE PAPER-MAKING MACHINE
    • D21D5/00Purification of the pulp suspension by mechanical means; Apparatus therefor
    • D21D5/02Straining or screening the pulp
    • D21D5/06Rotary screen-drums

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  • My invention consists of the hereinafterdescribed improvements in construction of apparatus for separating and cleaning pulp for paper-making whereby the apparatus is rendered more efficient both in quantity and in quality of the work performed and the costs of constructing and of operating such an apparatus greatly reduced.
  • the vat A of the apparatus is made, preferably, of timber in any suitable shape and open on top. A part of its bottom is raised,
  • a trough 0 is formed'running alongside of one of the longitudinal walls of the vat.
  • an aperture 0 is divided by partition f in two parts of approximately equal areas.
  • This partition-wall f does not extend to the upper edge of pipe cl to allow the liquid flowing from the vat A to overflow the upper edge of the partition f and to pass into the second compartment of the stand-pipe (Z, communicating with the culvert c.
  • vat A On each end of vat A a standard m is set, supporting bearing blocks Z, and in these is mounted shaft Z, running longitudinally through vat A. On this shaft is mounted,
  • This screening-cylinder B consists of two (preferably octagonal) end plates n and 11., joined together by bars 19, secured to the end plates n and n by screws q. Both end plates "a and n are provided with flanges r, and to these flanges are secured plates 8 by bolts r. These plates extend throughout the whole length of the cylinder. They are slightly curved, running from the corners of the cylinder to a point about midway between its'center and periphery.
  • the body of the polygonal cylinder B is composed of screens 25, secured to the end plates 11 and 'n. and ribs 19 by screws t, as shown in the drawings, or these screens may be slid in grooves provided for that purpose.
  • Plate 12. is provided with aperture 70, surrounded by flange M, and is supported by spokes a on hub to.
  • vat A On one end of vat A, approximately in center of its front wall, is a flanged opening l), the flange b projecting into the interior of the vat. This aperture corresponds in posi* tion, size, and shape with aperture of the polygonal cylinder B.
  • Flange n reaches closely to flange b, and the joint between the two flanges is covered by ring '0 of some durable and flexible material, preferably coarse felt.
  • Belt-pulley w is keyed on the rearwardlyprojecting end of shaft Z.
  • a perforated water-pipe y is run longitudinally through the vat in such position that the water escaping therefrom drips upon the polygonal cylinder B, striking the screen-plates twhile the same are in sloping position.
  • Trough z is set below aperture I) and connects with it. This trough is so situated that the strained pulp discharged from the cylinder B flows into it and is conveyed by it to a receptacle forfurther treatment.
  • the standpipe cl serves also as means to prevent overflow of the material within thevat A in case a greater quantity of material is accidentally discharged into the vat, as sometimes happens.
  • the apparatus works as follows: The liquid containing the digested pulp, slivers, and knots flows from the digester through spout 50 into the vat A.
  • Belt-pulley w driven by a belt, causes the shaft land the polygonal cylinder B to rotate.
  • the corners of the polygonal cylinder B being farther from the center of shaft d than its sides, the rotation of the cylinder B'stirs up the liquid material filled in the vatAand keeps it in aconstantlymoving state.
  • each of the screen-plates 15 comes successively in position to strike or abut against the liquid material filled in the vat, and as there is at the same time a current of draftair produced inside of the cylinder the liquid and fine particles of pulp are driven through the screens into the interior of the cylinder and are discharged through aperture 7.4 into trough z, conveying the strained and separated pulp to a receptacle. While this process is going on the water dripping from the perforated water-pipe 3 upon that side of the cylinder 13 rising from the liquid in the vat washes off all slivers and particles of material attached to the screens, thus preventing clogging of the screens.
  • the apparatus for separating and cleaning pulp heretofore used are provided with mechanism for shaking the screens, because the round cylinder-screens operate very slowly and become easily clogged, or they must be driven at a very great speed and require great power to operate them. They are also rapidly ruined by wear.
  • My improved apparatus does not require any shaking mechanism and runs without noise, easily, and smoothly. The result of that is that the apparatus is not perceptibly affected by wear, and in making my experiments for the construction of the hereinbefore-described apparatus I used discarded screens, which no longer could be used in the pulp-straining apparatuses on account of their apertures being enlarged by wear, and I found that these discarded screens could still be used to good advantage in my apparatus and perform the Work satisfactorily.
  • a screening-cylinder for separating and cleaning of pulp for paper-making consisting of a shaft, polygonal end plates mounted on the shaft, curved plates secured to the end plates and extending inwardly from the corners thereof to a point approximately midway between the center and the peripheries of the end plates and of screens secured to the end plates and composing together with the end plates the body of the cylinder.
  • a cylinder for separating and cleaning of pulp for paper-making consisting of a shaft,
  • one of the end plates being provided with a flanged aperture located approximately in its center, of curved plates secured to the end plates and extending inwardly from the corners thereof to a point about midway between their centers and their peripheries, and of flat screens secured to the peripheries of the end plates and forming the body of the cylinder.
  • a screening-cylinder for separating and cleaning of pulp for paper-making consisting of a shaft, polygonal end plates mounted on the shaft and having corresponding curved plates extending from the corners of the end plates to a point about midway between their centers and their peripheries, curved plates secured to the flanges, ribs secured to the corners of the end plates and extending from one end plate to the other, and flat screens secured to the end plates and to the ribs.
  • An apparatus for separating and cleaning pulp for papermaking consisting of a vat, having an aperture approximately in center of one side of the vat, suitable standards, one on each end of the vat, a shaft passing longitudinally through the vat and mounted in bearings supported on the standards, a screening-cylinder mounted on the shaft within the Vat and consisting of polygonal end plates secured to the shaft and provided with correspondingflanges extending between their centers and periphery, curved plates secured to the flanges and extending from one end plate to the other, and of flat screens secured to the peripheries of the end plates, the screeningcylinder having a flanged aperture in its end plate, opposite the aperture in the vat, an inlet end and an outlet-trough conveying the pulp material into and from the apparatus,
  • An apparatus for separating and cleaning pulp for paper-making consisting of a vat, having an aperture approximately in center of one side thereof, suitable standards, one on each end of the vat, a shaft passing through the vat and mounted in bearings supported on the standards; a polygonal screening-cylinder secured to the shaft within the vat, and having an aperture in its end plate, opposite the aperture in the vat, curved plates set in the cylinder from each corner thereof to a point about midway between its center and periphery, a collar, covering the joint between the edges of the aperture of the cylinder and the aperture of the vat, a perforated Water pipe set in the vat above the screening-cylinder and to one side of the center thereof, discharge-water on the other side thereof, an inlet and an outlet conveying the pulp material into and from the aperture, an outlet for discharge of the residue, and means for rotating the shaft.
  • An apparatus for separating and cleaning pulp for paper-making consisting of avat, having a discharge-aperture approximately in center of one end side thereof and another aperture in the longitudinal wall, a trough provided in the bottom of the vat and alongside of its perforated longitudinal wall, a standpipe adjoining the vat and communicating therewith through the aperture, a partition- -wall set in the stand-pipe extending from a point below its upper edge and down to its bottom, and provided with an aperture opposite the aperture in the wall of the vat, a slidevalve closing the aperture in the partitionwall, a culvert communicating with the stand pipe, a trough connecting with the dischargeaperture of the vat, a straining-cylinder rotatably mounted in the vat, and having an aperture coinciding with the discharge-aperture of the vat, and means for rotating the cylinder in the vat.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Paper (AREA)

Description

No. 64l,l3l. Patented Ian. 9, l900r' F. C. MICHAELIS.
APPARATUS FOR SEPARATING AND CLEANING PULP FOR PAPER MAKING.
(Application filed May 8, 1899.)
(No Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet l.
m mum ms scams PETERS co. PHoYo-Lrma. wnumofou. D. cv
No. 64I,l3|. Patented Jan, 9, I900.
, F. C. MICHAELIS. APPARATUS FOR SEPARATING AND CLEANING PULP FOR PAPER MAKING.
(Application filzd May 8, 1899.)
3 Sheets-Sheet 2.
(No Model.)
WWI 1W Patented Ian. 9, I900. F. c. MICHAELIS. APPARATUS FOR. SEPA BRIING AND CLEANING PULP FOB PAPER MAKING.
[Application filed May 8, 1899.)
(No mm.)
sweets-Sheet 3.
ms mums PETERS cu, PNOTDLITHO. wAsulNurcu. n. c.
FRED o. MIOHAELIS, or
PATENT En on.
B'ALLSTON, NEWV YORK.
APPARATUS FOR SEPARATING AND CLEANING PULP FOR PAPER-MAKING.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N 0. 641,131, dated January 9, 1900. Application filedMay 8, 1899. Serial No. 715,978. (No model.)
To all 1071,0122, it may concern.-
Be it known that I, FRED O.MIoHA.EL1s, of- Ballston, county of Saratoga, and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Apparatus for Separating and Cleaning Pulp for Paper-Making, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact specification, reference being bad to the accompanying drawings, wherein- Figure 1 is a plan View of my improved apparatus Fig. 2, a longitudinal sectional view on lines 2 2 indicatedin-Fig. 1, and Fig. 3 a cross-sectional view on lines 3 3 indicated in Fig. 1.
Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all views of the drawings.
My invention consists of the hereinafterdescribed improvements in construction of apparatus for separating and cleaning pulp for paper-making whereby the apparatus is rendered more efficient both in quantity and in quality of the work performed and the costs of constructing and of operating such an apparatus greatly reduced.
The vat A of the apparatus is made, preferably, of timber in any suitable shape and open on top. A part of its bottom is raised,
the false bottom a being supported on strips h and partition 2, respectively. In this manner a trough 0 is formed'running alongside of one of the longitudinal walls of the vat. Approximately in the center of this longitudinal wall and on a level'with the bottom of the trough 0 is an aperture 0, connecting trough o with stand-pipe d and culvert e. Standpipe d is divided by partition f in two parts of approximately equal areas. This partition-wall f does not extend to the upper edge of pipe cl to allow the liquid flowing from the vat A to overflow the upper edge of the partition f and to pass into the second compartment of the stand-pipe (Z, communicating with the culvert c. There is an aperture f provided in the partition f. This aperture, located oppositely to the aperture 0, is normally closed by slide-valve g, which may be withdrawn for draining the vat A of its contents.
On each end of vat A a standard m is set, supporting bearing blocks Z, and in these is mounted shaft Z, running longitudinally through vat A. On this shaft is mounted,
within the vat A, the polygonal screeningcylinder B. This screening-cylinder B consists of two (preferably octagonal) end plates n and 11., joined together by bars 19, secured to the end plates n and n by screws q. Both end plates "a and n are provided with flanges r, and to these flanges are secured plates 8 by bolts r. These plates extend throughout the whole length of the cylinder. They are slightly curved, running from the corners of the cylinder to a point about midway between its'center and periphery.
The body of the polygonal cylinder B is composed of screens 25, secured to the end plates 11 and 'n. and ribs 19 by screws t, as shown in the drawings, or these screens may be slid in grooves provided for that purpose. Plate 12. is provided with aperture 70, surrounded by flange M, and is supported by spokes a on hub to.
On one end of vat A, approximately in center of its front wall, is a flanged opening l), the flange b projecting into the interior of the vat. This aperture corresponds in posi* tion, size, and shape with aperture of the polygonal cylinder B. Flange n reaches closely to flange b, and the joint between the two flanges is covered by ring '0 of some durable and flexible material, preferably coarse felt.
Belt-pulley w is keyed on the rearwardlyprojecting end of shaft Z. A perforated water-pipe y is run longitudinally through the vat in such position that the water escaping therefrom drips upon the polygonal cylinder B, striking the screen-plates twhile the same are in sloping position.
A funnel or charging-spout m, connecting the apparatus with the stuff-chest or with the digester-tank, is placed in inclined position, I
so as to discharge in the interior of the vat A. Trough z is set below aperture I) and connects with it. This trough is so situated that the strained pulp discharged from the cylinder B flows into it and is conveyed by it to a receptacle forfurther treatment. The standpipe cl serves also as means to prevent overflow of the material within thevat A in case a greater quantity of material is accidentally discharged into the vat, as sometimes happens.
In such a case the surplus escapes over partition f and through culvert 6 into the next vat or into a receptacle connected therewith.
The apparatus works as follows: The liquid containing the digested pulp, slivers, and knots flows from the digester through spout 50 into the vat A. Belt-pulley w, driven by a belt, causes the shaft land the polygonal cylinder B to rotate. The corners of the polygonal cylinder B being farther from the center of shaft d than its sides, the rotation of the cylinder B'stirs up the liquid material filled in the vatAand keeps it in aconstantlymoving state. While the cylinder is thus rotated each of the screen-plates 15 comes successively in position to strike or abut against the liquid material filled in the vat, and as there is at the same time a current of draftair produced inside of the cylinder the liquid and fine particles of pulp are driven through the screens into the interior of the cylinder and are discharged through aperture 7.4 into trough z, conveying the strained and separated pulp to a receptacle. While this process is going on the water dripping from the perforated water-pipe 3 upon that side of the cylinder 13 rising from the liquid in the vat washes off all slivers and particles of material attached to the screens, thus preventing clogging of the screens. The more coarse pulp and the undigested part-s of the material accumulate in the trough 0. In consequence of the peculiar arrangement of the bottom of the vat A the residue in trough o is not disturbed by rotating the cylinder B and is drawn 0E from time to time by opening slide g. The liquid carrying the coarser particles of pulp overflows partitionf into thesecond compartment of the stand-pipe d and is conveyed through culvert e to another vat, where it may be drained and prepared for use as material for making wrapping-paper.
The advantages of my improved construction of the apparatus reside, first, in making the rotary cylinder polygonal and the plates .9 concave and setting them in position described, whereby the friction and resistance of the pulp material to the motion of the apparatus are greatly reduced, almost entirely obviated, and the efficiency of the apparatus greatly increased, and, second, in combining with the vat of the overflow stand-pipe d, whereby at the same time while the apparatus is in action the coarser particles of pulp which cannot pass through the screens are separated from the heavier impurities and from the not digested material accumulating in trough o, from where it may be withdrawn.
The greater efficiency of the apparatus is explained as follows: It will be observed that as the cylinder B rotates each side thereof forms, together with the two adjoining plates 8, a pocket, which is absolutely empty'at the time when that particular section of the cylinder enters into the pulp material in the vat. The liquid striving to restore its equilibrium presses through the perforated body of the cylinder, and this pressure gradually increases as each section descends toward the lowest point. From this point each section again commences to rise and the strained liquid within the cylinder gradually recedes from the side of the cylinder, thereby creating an empty space immediately adjoining the perforated body of the screening-cylinder. The result of this is the same as explained above. The liquid outside of the cylinder presses upon its perforated side and drives the fine particles of pulp through the perforations. The concaved form of plates facilitates the receding of the liquid from the sides of the cylinder and causes it to move toward the center of the straining-cylinder. In this manner these plates 8 neutralize the eflect of centrifugal force upon the liquid and facilitate its discharge from the straining-cylinder. These peculiar advantages of my improved construction render it unnecessary to revolve the cylinder B with such great speed as the round cylinders of such straining apparatus must be revolved, and owing to the greater force With which the pulp material is driven through the screens a much greater quantity ofthe pulp material is strained by using my improved apparatus than can be done in any other apparatus heretofore known.
A further advantage of the several improvements in the construction of my apparatus rests in that it requires much less power and much less time for performing the same amount of work as any heretofore-known apparatus of the same size. I
The apparatus for separating and cleaning pulp heretofore used are provided with mechanism for shaking the screens, because the round cylinder-screens operate very slowly and become easily clogged, or they must be driven at a very great speed and require great power to operate them. They are also rapidly ruined by wear. My improved apparatus does not require any shaking mechanism and runs without noise, easily, and smoothly. The result of that is that the apparatus is not perceptibly affected by wear, and in making my experiments for the construction of the hereinbefore-described apparatus I used discarded screens, which no longer could be used in the pulp-straining apparatuses on account of their apertures being enlarged by wear, and I found that these discarded screens could still be used to good advantage in my apparatus and perform the Work satisfactorily. This shows that in my apparatus screens can be used having considerably wider apertures than those required in apparatuses heretofore known and that they last very much longer. The diaphragmscreens which are mostly used in such pulpseparating apparatuses are very expensive, and by extending the period of their utility great saving is effected in the manufacture of paper.
I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent-- 1. A screening-cylinder for separating and cleaning of pulp for paper-making, consisting of a shaft, polygonal end plates mounted on the shaft, curved plates secured to the end plates and extending inwardly from the corners thereof to a point approximately midway between the center and the peripheries of the end plates and of screens secured to the end plates and composing together with the end plates the body of the cylinder.
2. A cylinder for separating and cleaning of pulp for paper-making, consisting of a shaft,
polygonal end plates mounted on the shaft,
one of the end plates being provided with a flanged aperture located approximately in its center, of curved plates secured to the end plates and extending inwardly from the corners thereof to a point about midway between their centers and their peripheries, and of flat screens secured to the peripheries of the end plates and forming the body of the cylinder.
3. A screening-cylinder for separating and cleaning of pulp for paper-making, consisting of a shaft, polygonal end plates mounted on the shaft and having corresponding curved plates extending from the corners of the end plates to a point about midway between their centers and their peripheries, curved plates secured to the flanges, ribs secured to the corners of the end plates and extending from one end plate to the other, and flat screens secured to the end plates and to the ribs.
4. The combination with a screening-cylinder consisting of a shaft, polygonal end plates mounted on the shaft and of screens secured to the end plates and forming together with the end plates the body of the cylinder, of curved end plates set in the cylinder and extending inwardly from the corners of the end plates to a point approximately midway between their centers and their peripheries.
5. An apparatus for separating and cleaning pulp for papermaking, consisting of a vat, having an aperture approximately in center of one side of the vat, suitable standards, one on each end of the vat, a shaft passing longitudinally through the vat and mounted in bearings supported on the standards, a screening-cylinder mounted on the shaft within the Vat and consisting of polygonal end plates secured to the shaft and provided with correspondingflanges extending between their centers and periphery, curved plates secured to the flanges and extending from one end plate to the other, and of flat screens secured to the peripheries of the end plates, the screeningcylinder having a flanged aperture in its end plate, opposite the aperture in the vat, an inlet end and an outlet-trough conveying the pulp material into and from the apparatus,
an outlet for discharge of the residue, and
means for rotating the shaft.
6. An apparatus for separating and cleaning pulp for paper-making, consisting of a vat, having an aperture approximately in center of one side thereof, suitable standards, one on each end of the vat, a shaft passing through the vat and mounted in bearings supported on the standards; a polygonal screening-cylinder secured to the shaft within the vat, and having an aperture in its end plate, opposite the aperture in the vat, curved plates set in the cylinder from each corner thereof to a point about midway between its center and periphery, a collar, covering the joint between the edges of the aperture of the cylinder and the aperture of the vat, a perforated Water pipe set in the vat above the screening-cylinder and to one side of the center thereof, discharge-water on the other side thereof, an inlet and an outlet conveying the pulp material into and from the aperture, an outlet for discharge of the residue, and means for rotating the shaft.
7. An apparatus for separating and cleaning pulp for paper-making, consisting of avat, having a discharge-aperture approximately in center of one end side thereof and another aperture in the longitudinal wall, a trough provided in the bottom of the vat and alongside of its perforated longitudinal wall, a standpipe adjoining the vat and communicating therewith through the aperture, a partition- -wall set in the stand-pipe extending from a point below its upper edge and down to its bottom, and provided with an aperture opposite the aperture in the wall of the vat, a slidevalve closing the aperture in the partitionwall, a culvert communicating with the stand pipe, a trough connecting with the dischargeaperture of the vat, a straining-cylinder rotatably mounted in the vat, and having an aperture coinciding with the discharge-aperture of the vat, and means for rotating the cylinder in the vat.
In Witness that I claim the improvements described in the foregoing specification I have signed my name in the presence of two sub scribing witnesses.
FRED C. MICHAELIS.
Witnesses:
THOMAS W. BROWN, JOHN W. REYNOLDS.
US71597899A 1899-05-08 1899-05-08 Apparatus for separating and cleaning pulp for paper-making. Expired - Lifetime US641131A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070101146A1 (en) * 2005-10-27 2007-05-03 Louch John O Safe distribution and use of content
US20070274511A1 (en) * 2006-05-05 2007-11-29 Research In Motion Limited Handheld electronic device including automatic mobile phone number management, and associated method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070101146A1 (en) * 2005-10-27 2007-05-03 Louch John O Safe distribution and use of content
US20070274511A1 (en) * 2006-05-05 2007-11-29 Research In Motion Limited Handheld electronic device including automatic mobile phone number management, and associated method

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