US637809A - Reciprocating drill. - Google Patents

Reciprocating drill. Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US637809A
US637809A US1897661185A US637809A US 637809 A US637809 A US 637809A US 1897661185 A US1897661185 A US 1897661185A US 637809 A US637809 A US 637809A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
drill
rod
spring
carriage
reciprocating
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Adolf Emil Waldemar Meissner
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Siemens and Halske Electric Co of America
Original Assignee
Siemens and Halske Electric Co of America
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K33/00Motors with reciprocating, oscillating or vibrating magnet, armature or coil system
    • H02K33/16Motors with reciprocating, oscillating or vibrating magnet, armature or coil system with polarised armatures moving in alternate directions by reversal or energisation of a single coil system

Description

No. 637,809. Patented Nov 28, I899.

A. E. W. MEISSNER. I RECIPRUGATING DRILL.

JApplicB-tion filed Dec. 8, 1897.

(No Model.)

NE Noam pawns co, PHOTO-LUNA, NASMN TON u c UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

ADOLF EMIL IVALDEMAR MEISSNER, OF CIIARLOTTENBURG, GERMANY, ASSIGNOR TO THE SIEMENS & HALSKE ELECTRIC COMPANY OF AMERICA, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.

RECI PROCATING DRILL.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N 0. 637,809, dated November 28, 1899. v

Application filed December 8, 1897. $erial No. 661,185. (No model.)

To all whom it" may concern:

Be it known that I, ADOLF EMIL W ALDE- MAR MEIssNER, a subject of the Emperor of Germany, residing at Charlotteuburg, Germany, have invented new and useful Improvements in Reciprocating Drills, (Case No. 95,) of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, and for which Letters Patent have been granted in Germany, No. 92,345, dated May 12, 1896; in Norway, No. 5,733, dated December 22, 1896, and in the South African Republic, No. 1,318, dated February 2, 1897.

My invention relates to improvements in percussion or reciprocating drills, and has for its object the provision of means for securing the impact of a drill with less strain upon the machine and also a structure affording means for withdrawing the drill from its position. within the hole, and thus preventing said drill from sticking or becoming cramped therein.

I am aware that it is not novel to provide in drills of this type a bu (fer-spring which is adapted to receive the excessive throw of the drill-rod and break the force of the blow or to employ springs as yielding connections between the actuating part and the drill-rod, my invention consisting in so mounting the drill-rod within its casing by means of springs that an even reciprocating or vibrating movement of the drill is secured without the use- -less expenditure of power in compressing a spring or springs operating in opposition to the actuating force of the drill.

The improvement of my invention may be briefly described as consisting in providing a spring or springs associated with the reciprocating drill-rod, whereby the motion of said drill-rod to either extremity of its stroke serves to act upon a spring and store sufficient energy to assist in returning said rod to the other extremity of its stroke.

My said invention will be more readily understood by reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of a drill mounted in accordance with my invention. Fig. 2 is a modification thereof, and Fig. 3 is a view of a special form of spring which I have found advantageous in its application to the above structure.

Like parts are indicated by the same letters of reference in the several figures of the drawings.

I have illustrated in the accompanying drawings only the drill-casing and associated parts, inasmuch as my invention relates solely to the mounting of the reciprocatory drill-rod, and the drawings are thereby made more clear.

In Fig. 1 I have illustrated a reciprocatory drill provided with a casing a, wherein are mounted the drill-rod b, actuating-solenoids c d, and a paramagnetic core e, forming a portion of the drill-rod and adapted to secure the reciprocatory movement of the same as the magnets are alternately energized. Upon said drill-rod I) are provided the drill-stock Z) and drill 19 My invention, however, is as readily applicable to other forms of this type of drill wherein the movement is imparted by means of a piston and compressed air or other mechanical equivalents.

In the front portion of the casing is rigidly but adjustably mounted the spring-carriage fby means of threaded adjusting-bolts f, engaging corresponding threaded parts upon said carriage. This carriage may consist of two transverse heads rigidly connected by parallel rods, which latter are continued beyond one head to form said bolts f. Upon the reciprocating drill-rod and within said carriage is mounted a collar having an annular shoulder g, which collar is removably held to the rod by threads in any suitable manner and which shoulder is engaged by the inner ends of opposing springs h h, secured at their outer ends in and to the heads of the spring-carriage, preferably under some tension.

The ordinary bu ffer-spring I do not consider necessary and have not shown the same in the above device, although, if desired, a buffer-spring may be employed in connection with my improved spring-mounting for the drill-rod above described. The said bufferspring, however, as ordinarily usedis adapted to break the force only of an abnormal or 6X cessive impact of the reciprocating part, and my improved structure ordinarily subserves the same function.

\Vhen the electromagnets are alternately energized, the core 6 is rapidly drawn first within one solenoid and then within the other, imparting a powerful vibratory motion to the drill-rod b and its connections and alternately compressing the springs 7t h. Thus on the outward movement of the drill by the push of the farther electromagnet the forward spring h is compressed and suflicient energy is stored therein to withdraw the drill from the hole when acting in conjunction with the pull of the rear electromagnet. The movement of the said drill-rod mayaccordingly be likened to that of a pendulum, the same playing against the alternate tension of the two springs, which gives said drill-rod an elasticity of motion not otherwise obtainable. It will be seen, however, that when the device is in action no unnecessary expenditure of power is involved in thus accomplishing the compression of the springs, inasmuch as said springs are preferably made of approximately equal strength, and the energystored in one of said springs upon the outward stroke will serve to force the drill-rodinward and secure approximatelya corresponding tension in the other spring upon the reverse movement of said drill-rod.

I have indicated the preferred structure in the description above, but for various purposes other modifications of this may be found desirable. For example, when the reciprocation of the drill-rod exceeds a certain velocity the several helices of this type of spring are apt to strike one another at each extremity of the throw, and thus deaden or partially nullify the free vibratory effect socured by my improved construction. Accordingly I have shown in Fig. 2 a modification of my device adapted particularly for quarry -drills or those working vertically, wherein a plurality of opposing elliptical springsjare substituted for thehelical springs of the preferred type. This structure cannot, however, well be made as compact, since the elliptical springs are preferably mounted without the casingin a special spring-carriage 70, provided at one extremity of the drill-frame or casing, yet which carriage is rendered adjustable, as shown.

For a drill having a short throw or when a very compact structure is desired I have employed a double helical spring Z, (illustrated in Fig. 3,) which is preferably formed by cutting double parallel spirals from a steel tube capable of being suitably tempered. This spring when employed is firmly attached both to the spring-carriage or corresponding part within the casing and to the reciprocating drill-rod and serves alternately as an expansion and compression spring,thus accomplishing the functions of the double springs shown in the other two forms of my improved mounting for drills. By thus providing springs to ceases store and redirect an excess of energy at either extremity of the throw of the reciprocating parts of a drill I am enabled to materially reduce the strain upon the drill itself, while in no wise lessening the force of the impact imparted by the driving power, and I also furnish means for withdrawing the drill from the hole.

It is obvious that other modifications than those specifically described herein may be made without departing from the spirit of my invention, and I do not desire to be understood as thus limiting the same.

Having now described and shown a reciprocating drill equipped according to my in vention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by these Letters Patent, is-

I. In a drill, the combination with the easing, adrill-rod, and a collar removably held by threads on the latter; of a spring adj ustably connected at one end to the casing and attached at its other end to said collar, and an electric motor devoid of springs and entirely independent of said spring for reciprocating the drill-rod, as and for the purpose set forth.

2. In a drill, the combination with the casing, a spring-carriage therein, and threaded connections between these parts for permitting the adjustment of the carriage bodily; of a reciprocating drill-rod moving through the casing and carriage, a spring attached at one end to said carriage, connections between its other end and the drill-rod, and means entirely independent of the spring for reciproeating said rod through a predetermined path, as and for the purpose set forth.

In a drill, the combination with the easing, a spring-carriage rigidly connected therewith, and the reciprocating drill-rod; of a shoulder connected with the rod, opposed springs whose inner ends constantly engage said shoulder and whose outer ends are attached to the heads of said carriage,and means entirely independent of the spring for reciprocating said rod, as and for the purpose set forth.

4. In a drill, the combination with a springcarriage, a reciprocating drill-rod, and opposed springs under tension within said carriage, their outer ends being attached to its heads and their inner ends connected to said rod at a point normally midway between such carriage-heads; of means entirely independent of the spring for reciprocating said red, as and for the purpose set forth.

5. In a drill, the combination with a springcarriage having two heads, a reciprocating drill-rod, a collar removably mounted on the rod within the carriage and having a shoulder, and opposed springs under tension with their outer ends attached to the heads of the carriage and their inner ends constantly engaging said shoulder; of means entirely inclependent of the spring for reciprocating said rod, as and for the purpose set forth.

6. In a drill, the combination with the cas ing, a spring-carriage therein, adj ustable connections between them, a reciprocating drillrod moving through the casing and carriage, and. a shoulder carried by the rod within the carriage; of opposed springs within the carriage having their outer ends attached to its heads and their inner ends engaging said shoulder, and an electric motor within the casing for reciprocating the drill-rod entirely independent of the springs, as and for the purpose set forth.

7. In a drill, the combination with the easing, a spring-carriage therein having two rigidly-connected and separated heads, adjustable connections between the casing and

US637809A 1897-12-08 1897-12-08 Reciprocating drill. Expired - Lifetime US637809A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US637809A US637809A (en) 1897-12-08 1897-12-08 Reciprocating drill.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US637809A US637809A (en) 1897-12-08 1897-12-08 Reciprocating drill.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US637809A true US637809A (en) 1899-11-28

Family

ID=2706398

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US637809A Expired - Lifetime US637809A (en) 1897-12-08 1897-12-08 Reciprocating drill.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US637809A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2922175A (en) * 1955-12-12 1960-01-26 Villiers Willem Johannes De Tuyere punches and like machines
US3343611A (en) * 1965-02-23 1967-09-26 Jr Grover Stephen Jones Electromagnetic hammer drill
US3394295A (en) * 1965-10-04 1968-07-23 Itt Rotating and reciprocating electric motor
US4454426A (en) * 1981-08-17 1984-06-12 New Process Industries, Inc. Linear electromagnetic machine

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2922175A (en) * 1955-12-12 1960-01-26 Villiers Willem Johannes De Tuyere punches and like machines
US3343611A (en) * 1965-02-23 1967-09-26 Jr Grover Stephen Jones Electromagnetic hammer drill
US3394295A (en) * 1965-10-04 1968-07-23 Itt Rotating and reciprocating electric motor
US4454426A (en) * 1981-08-17 1984-06-12 New Process Industries, Inc. Linear electromagnetic machine

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3203215A (en) Ultrasonic extrusion apparatus
US5200666A (en) Ultrasonic transducer
US3308729A (en) Reciprocating system for manually guided motor driven working device
US3336988A (en) Percussion hammer drill and method of operating it
EP1736283A2 (en) Vibration dampening mechanism for a hammer drill
US6520269B2 (en) Hand-held tool with electromagnetic hammer mechanism
US5540702A (en) Stone crushing device
US2500402A (en) Rotary vibratory hammer
US4831292A (en) Linear motor arrangement with center of mass balancing
EP0333484A2 (en) Flow pulsing apparatus for down-hole drilling equipment
US2875731A (en) Vibration absorbers for reciprocating tools
US3023628A (en) Impact tool
US2748298A (en) Ultrasonic vibratory devices
US4102410A (en) Resilient work-coupled impact device
US2013765A (en) Spring for ratchet mechanisms
US2628319A (en) Electric hammer
US2519477A (en) Power hammer
US1511566A (en) Electric hammer
US1226748A (en) Solenoid.
US2561355A (en) Electric signal device
US3067584A (en) Sealing ring means for reciprocating piston used in power-operated percussive tool
US7013996B2 (en) Impact device
US2441517A (en) Means for shaping metal articles
US2861778A (en) Electromagnetic reciprocating hammer
US6902012B2 (en) Percussion electrical hand-held tool