US633065A - Boat adapted to operate on land or in water. - Google Patents

Boat adapted to operate on land or in water. Download PDF

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Publication number
US633065A
US633065A US1899714041A US633065A US 633065 A US633065 A US 633065A US 1899714041 A US1899714041 A US 1899714041A US 633065 A US633065 A US 633065A
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Prior art keywords
boat
shaft
land
adapted
water
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Expired - Lifetime
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Jean Pierre Boulesque
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Jean Pierre Boulesque
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60FVEHICLES FOR USE BOTH ON RAIL AND ON ROAD; AMPHIBIOUS OR LIKE VEHICLES; CONVERTIBLE VEHICLES
    • B60F2301/00Retractable wheels
    • B60F2301/04Retractable wheels pivotally

Description

Patented Sept. l2, I899.

J. P. BOULESOUE.

BOAT ADAPTED TO OPERATE UN LAND OR IN WATER.

(Application filed Apt. 22, 1899.)

3 Sheets Sheet (No Model.)

I l I 11 A TTOHNEYS.

"M m w W ms ncnms PETERS co. FNOTO-LITHO4 wasumn'mn, n. c.

Patented Sept. l2, I899.

J. P. BOULESUUE.

BOAT ADAPTED TO OPERATE 0N LAND 08 IN WATER.

(Application filed Apr. 22, 1899.)

3 Sheets-.Sheet 2,

(No Model.)

INV'N 0/? A WORN/5Y8. I

. 2?: YR a :5

' WITNESSES THE norms PEYERS on PNOTO-LITMO, WASHINGTON, u. c,

Patented Sept. I2, I899.

J. P. BOULESDUE.

BOAT ADAPTED TO OPERATE 0N LAND OR IN WATER.

(Application filed Apr. 22, 189

(tin Model.)

WITNESSES '0 ilivrrnn STATES PATENT @rrica.

JEAN PIERRE BOULESQUE, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.

BOAT ADAPTED TO OPERATE ON LAND OR IN WATER.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 633,065, dated September 12, 1899.

Application filed April 22, 1899.

To all whom it may concern.-

lle it known that I, JEAN PIERRE BOU- LESQUE, of the city of New York, borough of Manhattan, in the county and State of New 5 York, have invented a new and useful Improvementin Boats, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.

The object of my invention is to so construct aboat that it may be utilized as a conveyance upon either land or water, and, furthermore, to provide means for expeditiously and conveniently converting the boat into such shape as to adapt it for use in traveling upon the land whentaken out of the water, is and to provide means for preparing the boat for launching upon the water when it is no longer needed as a conveyance upon land.

Another object of the invention is to provide a means whereby the fuel or the mate- 2: rial adapted for use in connection with the motor may be compactly and abundantly stored in asmall compass and supplied to the motor whenever occasion may demand.

A further object of the invention is to pro- 2 vide a means for steering the boat when upon land, which steering apparatus is independent of the rudder employed when the con veyance is used upon the water.

A further object of the invention is to provide aconvenient means of mounting the boat upon wheels and of dismounting the boat therefrom.

The invention consists in the novel construction and combination of the several parts,

3 5 as will be hereinafter fully set forth, and

pointed out in the claims.

Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which similar characters of reference indi- 0 cate corresponding parts in all the figures.

Figure 1 is a side elevation of the improved boat, illustrating. wheels attached thereto enabling the boat to be drawn over the land and likewise showing in dotted lines the runners 5 employed for launching the boat when the wheels have been removed. Fig. 2 is a plan view of the boat, the supports for the fixed canopy being in horizontal section. Fig. 3 is a longitudinal vertical section through the boat. Fig. 4 is a transverse section through the boat, said section being taken near the stern and on the line 4 a in Fig. 3. Fig. 5 is Serial No. 714,041. (No model.)

a transverse section through the bow portion of the boat, illustrating the manner in which a truck'is secured to the keel, the section being on the line 5 5 in Fig. 3; and Fig. 6 is a detail side elevation of one of the runners employed when the boat is to be launched.

A represents the hull of the boat, B the gunwale, and O a fixed or permanent canopy, which is preferably made of a reticulated or perforated material in order to admit the greatest possible amount of air to the occupant of the boat. The fixed canopy C is located at the stern of the boat and is attached to side and end beams 10, which in their turn are supported by standards 11, and the forward standards are provided with vertical slots 12, as shown in Fig. 4. The frame of the fixed canopy is braced by rods 13, that extend from standard to standard, as is also shown in Fig. 4. Spud-axles 14 are hinged to the side beams 10 of the fixed canopy, and these spud-axles are adapted to carry wheels 15,

intended to support the stern of the boat when said boat is to be used as a land conveyance. When the spud-axles are not in use, they are folded against the side beams 10, as shown in Fig. 1, and held in position bya suitable lock 16.

A rudder 17 of the usual type is provided for the boat at the stern, and the boatis likewise provided with a propeller shaft 18, mounted in suitable bearings 18, and a propeller 19 of any type is secured to the outer end of the propeller-shaft, the inner end of the propeller shaft being provided with a beveled gear 20.

In connection with the fixed canopy a movable canopyG is provided adapted to cover the bow portion of the vessel. C is sustained by a frame D, which frame is provided at its bow end with a standard 21, held to slide in a guide 22, secured within the hull, and a set-screw 23 is employed to hold the standard in position in the guide. The frame D is supported at the sides by a series of rods 24,that are hinged to the gunwale of the vessel,the upper ends of which rods are adapted for engagement with the under surface of the frame D. A cord 25 is secured to each set of rods 24 at the top portion of said rods, and these cords pass over pulleys 26, attached to the forward standards 11 of the fixed can- This canopy opy, and said cords 25 lead toward the stern V to an engagement with a drum 27, as shown in Fig. 2. The sternward ends of the frame D are provided with pins or reduced sections 38, adapted to slide in the grooves or slots 12 in the forward standards of the fixed canopy, 50 that the frame D may be raised and lowered, as desired, and prior to dropping the frame D the canopy C sustained thereby is slipped beneath the fixed canopy resting on the cross-bars 13. Springs 28 are secured to the bow-rods 24 and to the frame I), the said springs tending normally to draw the hinged rods 21 downward upon the guuwale,

as shown in Fig. 3.

Near the stern of the vessel a drive-shaft 29 is mounted in suitable bearings, and the ends of said shaft are extended beyond the sides of the hull, and are made polygonal to receive the hubs of the supporting-wheels 15, heretofore referred to, and the shaft 29 is driven through the medium of a motor 30, preferably a compressed-air motor, the shaft of which is provided with a pinion 31, that meshes with a gear 32 on the drive-shaft. This gear 32 meshes with a pinion 33 upon a driven shaft 33, mounted in bearings 35, and the driven shaft 33 is provided with a beveled gear 3%, that meshes with the bevel pinion or gear 20 on the propeller-shaft, which latter gear is adjustably mounted on its shaft in any approved manner. Thus when the boat is to be used as a land conveyance the gear 20 is carried out of mesh with the gear 34:, but the drive-shaft is at all times driven by the motor 30.

A strap-brake is provided for the driveshaft. This strap-brake preferably consists of a peripherally-grooved disk 36, secured on the shaft, and a metal strap 37 ,which is passed into the grooved portion of the disk, having one end secured to a fixed support and the otherend to a lever 38.

A series of air-storage tubes 39 and 40, made of rubber and each inclosed in an inextensible casing, such as cloth, is arranged at the stern and at the bow portion of the vessel within the hull thereof, and these storagetubes for air are connected each by an independent pipe 42 with a supply-pipe 4l,and this supply-pipe 41 is connected by a valved pipe 41 with the motor 30. Each pipe connecting the storage-compartments 39 and 40 with the supply pipe or chamber 41 is provided with a valve 43, adapted to receive an air-pump and a cut-off valve 44, as shown in Fig. 2. Thus a large quantity of stored power may be carried in the vessel and supplied to the motor as occasion may demand.

The bow of the vessel is supported by a truck E. This truck consists of a bolster 45, axle 46, small Wheels 47, mounted on the axle, a spring 48, mounted upon the bolster, anda clamp 49, pivoted upon the spring, as shown in Fig. 5. The clamp 49 is arranged to receive the keel of the vessel and is attached to the keel by a pin 50, or equivalent means. A

segmental rack 51 is attached to the spring 48 the rack 51 to move to the right or toy the left,

and thus effect the steering of the device when it is used as a land conveyance.

When the wheels are to be removed from the vessel and the vessel is to be launched, the hull is jacked up by any suitable appliance and runners 59 are substituted for the wheels. Each runner 59 is provided with a forward hinged upright 60 and a rear hinged upright 61, the forward upright 60 having a reduced section 60 at its top, and these sections 60 of the runners are adapted to enter eyes 64:, located at the outside of the vessels hull, while the rear uprights 61 have straps 61' attached, so that the ends of the drive-shaft 29 can be received between the upper ends of the uprights 61 and straps 61. The uprights are held in perpendicular position by braces 62, hinged to the runners, and arranged to enter loops 63 on the said uprights near the top.

Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent 1. The combination, with the hull of a vessel and a driving-shaft having its endsadapted to receive supporting-wheels, a truck detachably connected with the forward portion of the boat, and a steering device for the truck, of a propeller-shaft in adjustable gear connection with the drive shaft, a motor geared to the drive-shaft, storage-chambers for power, a supply chamber, independent connection between the supply-chamber and storage-chambers, and a connection between the supply-chamber and motor, for the purpose specified.

2. In a boat, a drive-shaft having its ends prepared to receive supporting -wheels, a

wheeled truck, and means, substantially as 7 wheeled truck to the keel of the boat, and

steering devices for the truck.

4:. In a boat, a drive-shaft having its ends adapted to receive supportingwheels, a propeller detachably connected with the driveshaft, a wheeled truck, means for attaching y the wheeled truck to the keel of a vessel, means for steering the truck and a rudder or equivalent steering device for the vessel, as specified. V

5. In a boat, a drive-shaft, detachable supporting-Wheels for said shaft, a propeller, a runners attachable to said boat and having gearing for the propeller, means for driving hinged posts at each end,.one set of posts bethe said gearing from the said shaft, means ing adapted when raised to enter the ears, for bringing the said gearing into and out of and the other set of posts having a strap or 5 driving connection with the said shaft, a debar thereon adapted to embrace the shaft or I5 tachable wheeled truck for the bow of the axle, and braces connecting posts and runner.

boat, and a steering mechanism for the said JEAN PIERRE BOULESQUE. truck. lVitnesses:

6. A boat having projecting ears near one JOHN LOTTA,

1 0 end and a projecting shaft or axle at the other, EVERARD BOLTON MARSHALL,

US1899714041 1899-04-22 1899-04-22 Boat adapted to operate on land or in water. Expired - Lifetime US633065A (en)

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US1899714041 US633065A (en) 1899-04-22 1899-04-22 Boat adapted to operate on land or in water.

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US1899714041 US633065A (en) 1899-04-22 1899-04-22 Boat adapted to operate on land or in water.

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2673991A (en) * 1951-06-18 1954-04-06 Karl H Dahlkvist Trailer boat
US20050043600A1 (en) * 1991-03-21 2005-02-24 Mohamed Diab Low-noise optical probes for reducing ambient noise
US20080197417A1 (en) * 2007-02-16 2008-08-21 Power Integrations, Inc. Segmented pillar layout for a high-voltage vertical transistor

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2673991A (en) * 1951-06-18 1954-04-06 Karl H Dahlkvist Trailer boat
US20050043600A1 (en) * 1991-03-21 2005-02-24 Mohamed Diab Low-noise optical probes for reducing ambient noise
US20080197417A1 (en) * 2007-02-16 2008-08-21 Power Integrations, Inc. Segmented pillar layout for a high-voltage vertical transistor

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