US632336A - Apparatus for producing metallic spheres. - Google Patents

Apparatus for producing metallic spheres. Download PDF

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Publication number
US632336A
US632336A US1899708122A US632336A US 632336 A US632336 A US 632336A US 1899708122 A US1899708122 A US 1899708122A US 632336 A US632336 A US 632336A
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Prior art keywords
casing
roller
blank
shaft
bearing
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Martin F Christensen
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Martin F Christensen
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21HMAKING PARTICULAR METAL OBJECTS BY ROLLING, e.g. SCREWS, WHEELS, RINGS, BARRELS, BALLS
    • B21H1/00Making articles shaped as bodies of revolution
    • B21H1/14Making articles shaped as bodies of revolution balls, rollers, cone rollers, or like bodies

Description

No. 632,336. Patented Sept. 5, I899. M. F. CHRISTENSEN.

APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING METALLIC SPHERES.

(Application filed Mar. 7, 1899.

(No Model.) I

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carrying out my invention I have designed a MAR'lIN F. CHRISTENSEN, or oLnvELA-Nnomd APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING inst-Attic SPHE-"RESU SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Eatent No. 632,336,:1ated September 5, 1399; i

Application filed March 7. 1899.

To all whom it may concern.-

Be itknown -that I, Il/IARTIN F. CHRISTEN- SEN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Cleveland, in the county of Cuyahoga and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Machines for and Methods of Forming Spherical Bodies; and I do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawing, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which forms a part of this specification.

My invention relates to apparatus for producing metallic spheres, and the novel features of the invention will be fully described hereinafter and then defined in the appended claims. I

The accompanying drawing is' an elevation, partly in section, of the machine employed by me in producing metallic spheres or bodies.

In carrying out my invention I cut from a metallic rod of proper cross-section a blank of a length approximately equal-to its greatest diameter or cross-section. The blank may be slightly longer or shorter than the greatest diameter of the rod. The blank thus severed may be heated, if desired or found necessary; but in some cases the heating of the blank is unnecessary. The blank is now fed intoIa machine which will give to the blank a movement similar to a gyratory motion and will roll the blank about its axis in every direction, and thus knead the blank until the grain of the same in the finished ball has been contorted and the metal is in a sense homogeneous and has no special grain.

Spherical bodies formed in the manner above set forth are so rolled, kneaded, condensed, and compressed during their formation that the grain of the metal is contorted, and the product will not split, crack, or break, as do such bodies which are produced by drop-forging, turning, or by rolling the blank In machine which is especially adapted for the purpose. This machine is illustrated in the drawing and is preferably constructed substantially as follows:

A represen ts the base of my 1nachine,which is'preferably formed with an annular cham- Serial No- '7os,122. (No nae'iii- 1 her A, which serves as a receiver for the finished balls or spheres. The chamber A is v 5 5 provided with an outlet afor discharging the balls. Secured centrally lo the base andun-,

derneath the same is a hollow flanged boss 0,

which is screw-threaded internally, as at c, to receive the adjusting-screw C'.- The adjusting-screw 0' is provided with suitablemeans for operating or turning it,such as bars or handles (Rand also withapointer Cfflwhich cooperates with a micrometer-scale 0 thus forming a. micrometer adjusting device. A lock-nut G is provided for'locking the screw I C after it is'properlyadjusted. 1 l

D Drepresents hard metallicplates-which" l are so shaped that a ball-race for balls dis; formed between them. The-plates-D -D' are located above the screw -C'- and beneath, the vertical shaft E of the machine, thus forming. an antifriction step-bearing for the shaft E. F represents a vertical rotatable 'conicalroller which is mounted on and operated by shaft E. The operating-face of roller jF may be formed plain and smoother may berough; encd by fiuting or cross-tinting thereon in any suitable manner, either wholly or a part of its area. Shaft E extends vertically through the roller F and is supported at its upper porv tion in a suitablebearing E,aarranged in the upper end of a casing G, which-willbe-herein-y after described. CasingGsurrounds the conical roller F and is secured in anysuitable 85 manner to the base A, as by means of flanges g g and screw g and an annular mortise and tenon g, which forms a rigid conuectionzforl the parts. The inneror operative face of the casing G is provided with a spiral-groove G, which is preferably formed in the saidface, so as to be uniform both indepth and width and preferably of uniform pitch, Ialso pre- 7 fer to round the edges of the groove G, as; illustrated, which gives 10 theinner-face of the casing. l a'corrngated appearance. The object in rounding the edges ofthe groove G is to lessen the danger of cutting, abrading or shavingthe-blank duriugits manipulation in the machine, which might-result if the corners of the groove:G;-were left sharp.

The inner face of the casing G isiat an an-. gle. which is uniform throughout from its upper end to itsbase, and the angle'iscoincident with or the same as theangle' ofthe major portionof the roller I. ,In order to -or bite the blank, and thus more readily feed the blank to the machine.

As hereinbefore stated, the upper end of the casing G is provided with a bearing E for the purpose of supporting shaft E, and this hearing E is the main upper bearing for said 'shaft'and the roller F. Above'the hearing E, I provide a vertically-adjustable hearing E, which is located in and supported by a yoke G; The bearing E is provided with an external screw-thread which engages an internalthread formed in yoke G and it is adjusted by turning the bearing in the desired direction. A flange-head e, having notches e, is formed at the low-er end of the bearing E for the purpose of-adjusting'the bearing by means of a spanner-wrench. A

lock-nut I engages the screw-thread of the bearing E above the yoke (El and locks the bearingin its adjusted position. J represents a collar, which is adjustably secured to the shaftE beneath the bearing E by means of a screw j. The adjustable bearing E and collar J act as an auxiliary to the micrometer-adjustment beneath the step of the shaft E for the purpose of securingthe said shaft and its attached roller F from jumping or chattering. The upper end of the shaft'is provided with suitable devices for receiving motionsuch, for instance, as-a pulley K. In this connection a bearing L, properly sup ported, may be employed to steady the upper end of the shaft E.

What I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-- 1. A machine for producing spherical bodies, comprising a stationary conical casing having its inner surface formed with a continuous spiral groove, in combination with a revoluble conical roller cooperating with the grooved surface of the stationary casing to force a blank which enters the upper end of said groove, in a spiral path around between the casing and roller from the apex to the base .of the cone to knead and compress the blank into ahomo'geneous sphere, and discharge the same from the lower end of the spiral groove.

2. A- machine for producing spherical bodies, comprising a stationary conical casing having its inner surface spirally grooved sub stantially throughout its length, a rotating conical roller, the exterior surface of the latter being so constructed that two different anglee are formed with respect to its axis, one angle being greater than the other, and means for driving said roller. v

3. A machine for producing spherical bodies, comprising a stationary conical casing having its inner surface spirally grooved substantially throughqut its length, said groove being constructed so that no abrupt edges or shoulders are formed therein, a rotating conical roller within said casing, said roller being provided with a roughened surfacc,and means for driving said roller.

4. A machine for forming spherical bodies,

comprising a stationary conical casing having its inner surface spirally grooved, a rotating conical roller within the casing, the exterior surface of said roller being roughened and so constructed that two different angles are formed with respect to its axis, and means for driving the said roller.

5. A machine for forming spherical bodies, comprising a stationary conical casing having its interior surface spirally grooved, a rotating conical roller mounted within said casing, the exterior surface of said roller formed with two different angles with respect to its axis,

a shaft for driving said roller, and adjusting means for said shaft, said adjusting means constituting a bearing for the lower end of the driving-shaft.

6. Amachine for forming spherical bodies, comprising a stationary conical casin g having its inner surface spirally grooved, a rotating conical roller mounted within the casing, a shaft for driving said roller, adjusting means for adjusting the shaft vertically and constituting a bearing for the lower end thereof, a

yoke above said stationary casing, a vertically adjustable bearing mounted in said yoke, and a collar secured to the shaft below said adjustable bearing.

7. A machine for producing and finishing balls, comprising two parts so disposed in relation to each other as to receive and operate upon a blank said parts being provided with a spiral groove which constitutes a continuous raceway for the balls and the other of said parts being provided with grooves arranged to cross the spiral groove constituting said raceway, said parts being revoluble in relation one with the other, whereby the blank is carried around between the two parts and through the spiral and formed in its passage substantially as described.

8. A machine for making and finishing balls, comprising a stationary conical casing provided with a tapering s iral groove in its inner surface and-a revoln le conical roller disposed in the casing and having its superficial incline arranged at a different angle to the incline of the casing to form an annular wedge shaped space with grooves crossing and opposed to the pitch of the spiral in the casing whereby the balls are caused to traverse the spiral 'of the stationary casing, and means substantially as described for vertically adjusting the revoluble cone as specified.

In testimony whereof I afiix my signature placed between them, one of.

US632336A 1899-03-07 1899-03-07 Apparatus for producing metallic spheres. Expired - Lifetime US632336A (en)

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US632336A US632336A (en) 1899-03-07 1899-03-07 Apparatus for producing metallic spheres.

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US632336A US632336A (en) 1899-03-07 1899-03-07 Apparatus for producing metallic spheres.

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