US631202A - Lock-mortising machine. - Google Patents

Lock-mortising machine. Download PDF

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Publication number
US631202A
US631202A US68986398A US1898689863A US631202A US 631202 A US631202 A US 631202A US 68986398 A US68986398 A US 68986398A US 1898689863 A US1898689863 A US 1898689863A US 631202 A US631202 A US 631202A
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Prior art keywords
frame
mortising
chisel
lock
machine
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US68986398A
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John E Dearborn
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John E Dearborn
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L23/00Details of semiconductor or other solid state devices
    • H01L23/48Arrangements for conducting electric current to or from the solid state body in operation, e.g. leads, terminal arrangements ; Selection of materials therefor
    • H01L23/488Arrangements for conducting electric current to or from the solid state body in operation, e.g. leads, terminal arrangements ; Selection of materials therefor consisting of soldered or bonded constructions
    • H01L23/495Lead-frames or other flat leads
    • H01L23/49575Assemblies of semiconductor devices on lead frames
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B47/00Constructional features of components specially designed for boring or drilling machines; Accessories therefor
    • B23B47/28Drill jigs for workpieces
    • B23B47/287Jigs for drilling plate-like workpieces
    • B23B47/288Jigs for drilling plate-like workpieces involving dowelling
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L2924/00Indexing scheme for arrangements or methods for connecting or disconnecting semiconductor or solid-state bodies as covered by H01L24/00
    • H01L2924/0001Technical content checked by a classifier
    • H01L2924/0002Not covered by any one of groups H01L24/00, H01L24/00 and H01L2224/00
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T408/00Cutting by use of rotating axially moving tool
    • Y10T408/55Cutting by use of rotating axially moving tool with work-engaging structure other than Tool or tool-support
    • Y10T408/563Work-gripping clamp
    • Y10T408/5638Adjustable relative to tool-axis

Description

No. 63l,202. Patented Aug. I5, |899. J. E. DEARBOBN.
LOCK MORTISING MACHINE.
(Applcaion filed Aug. 30, 1898.) (No Model.) 2 Sheets-#Sheet l.
Patented Aug. l5, |899.
No. 63|,2n2.
J. E. DI-ZARBORN.A Lock Monnsma MACHINE.
(Application led Aug. 30, 1898.)
2 Sheets-Sheet 2 (No Model.)
UNITED l STATES PATENT QEEICE.
JOHN E. DEARBORN, OF NASHUA, NEW HAMPSHIRE.
LOCK-MORTISYING MACHINE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 631,202, dated August 15, 1899.
Application filed August 30, 1898I Serial No. 689,868, l(No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN E. DEARBORN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Nashua, in the county of Hillsborough and State of New Hampshire, have invented new and useful Improvements in Lock-Mortising Machines, of which the following is a specifcation.
My invention relates to that type of mechanism shown and described inthe United States Letters Patent granted to Hiland A. Holt upon the 29th day of July, 1879, No. 218,028, for mortising doors for locks.
It is the purpose of my invention to provide certain improvements upon Ysaid mechanism by means of which'its construction shall be simplified and cheapened and its utility materially increased. It is my aim, more particularly, to dispense with certain elements constituting essential parts of the lock-mortising machine referred to, to modify and improve the form and proportions of other parts thereof, and to reconstruct other portions and combine the same in a novel and simple manner, whereby the range of adaptation shall be enlarged and the utility of the machine for boring and mortising With interchangable augers or bits of different sizes and with corresponding mortising-chisels, capable of a quick and simple adjustment, shall be increased to a marked degree.
It is my purpose also to so improve and simplify the machine that when clamped upon a door the mortising bit and chisel shall be both capable of operation in such manner as to completely form the mortise to receive the lock without requiring any lateral adjustment of the frame by which the bit and chisel are carried, whereby the operation is-1nate rially simplified, expedited, and rendered more accurate, while the mechanism itself is largely reduced in cost of construction and its size and weight are considerably reduced.
The invention consists to these ends in the several novel and improved features of construction and in the mechanical parts and combinations of parts hereinafter fully described and then particularly pointed out and defined rin the claim vwhich concludes this specification.
For the purpose of thefollowiilgdescription reference will be had to the drawings accompanying the same, in which- Figure l is a perspective view illustrating the machine with my improvements incorporated therein. Fig. 2 is a perspective view showing the boring mechanism in position for operation at right angles to the position illustrated in Fig. l, the bit that forms the knob-y hole and the angular arm for driving the carriage being omitted from this figure. Fig. 3 is a plan view showing the mortising-chisel in position for operation and illustrating the simplified construction by which I am enabled to avoid lateral adj ustment of the frame in order to bring the chisel into operative position, the bit for boring the opening for the key being omitted from this igure. Fig. 4 is a detail view. Fig. 5 is a detail view showing the stop-pin and bevel-gear with de# pressions for the engagement of said pin to arrest the mandrel when the chisel is in position for operation.
In the said drawings the reference-numeral 1 indicates the machine frame or base, upon which the operative parts of the mechanism are supported. This frame consists in practice of the base l, upon which is a superstructure 2 integral with the base l or rigidly connected thereto and of such dimensions as to afford a proper support for the active elements of the machine. In the lock-mortisingy apparatus upon which mypresent invention is based the part 2 of the frame was made to be laterally adjustable upon the base l, thereby requiring a considerable degreeof labor, skill, and time in properly fitting and combining the parts, and providing means for clamping thefadj ustable portion at any required pointby'which the expense of manufacture was correspondingly increased Without producing any advantage to compensate therefor. Moreover, this necessity for a lateral adjustment in order to completely form each mortise not only 4required time, but called for the exercise of close attention and practically exact accuracy upon the part of the workman who used the machine, so that a trifling degree of carelessness might easily result in completely spoiling a whole door. The proper mechanical union of the two parts of the frame required also that both be nished in a metal-planing ma- IOO chine and fitted together with great care, since any play due to a loose or inaccurate joint would render the operation of the mortising-tools imperfect. It is not improbable also that such a defect might be produced by the ordinary wear of the parts after a more or less extended period of use. By forming the two parts'of the frame in a single rigid structure I am able to cast it of any suitable metal at a small expense, and with ordinary care in the execution of this work the castings will be in condition for use as they come from the molds, save only in so far as they may require preparation for other attachments, hereinafter to be explained. It will easily be seen that by this improvement the first cost will be greatly reduced and that other advantages will result, as will more fully appear in other parts of this specification.
Upon the superstructure 2 are formed or mounted parallel slotted `guides 3, which support and direct the mortising-tools in their operation. These tools consist, as usual, of an auger or bit and a chisel, which operate in succession and in the order in which they are named. Each tool is carried by a mandrel 4, which has bearings 5, the latter forming part of a carriage-frame 6, which is arranged to slide freely in the guides 3. The mandrel 4t is provided with a socketed head 4 to receive the shank of the tool, which is securely fastened therein by a set-screw 7. Rotary motion is given to the mandrel by means of a bevel-gear 8, mounted on a counter-shaft 9, which has bearing in a suitable bracket 10 on the carriage-frame 6. The gear has mesh with a bevelgear 12 of suitable diameter keyed on the mandrel 4c. The counter-shaft 9 may be driven bya suitable crank-arm 13. The carriage-frame (i and guides 3 are arranged to have a suitable vertical adjustment in any preferred manner-as, for example, in guideways 14: on the part 2 of the frame. This adjustment enables the bit to bore holes for the mortise at anysuitable interval of separation. A clamping-screw 15 locks the carriage-frame at any point of adjustment.
The mortising-chisel 1G has a shank 16, whichcan be inserted and clamped in the socketed head of the mandrel. lts blade is preferably ot' such a width as to trim the entire side of the mortise by a single cut. The shank is provided with a double bend 17, so that by a half-revolution of the mandrel the blade of the chisel can be turned into position to trim the opposite side of the mortise, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 3. Ordinarilyin the work of mortising doors to receive their locks two diierent sizes of chisels will be suiiicient to accommodate the two different sizes of locks employed in house-doors. The double bend 17 of each size of chisel will evidently be so proportioned as to bring the cutting edge to one side of the axis of the shank a distance equal to one-half the width of the mortise.
It will be understood that in changing the mortising-tools from one size to another the center or axis of the tool willbe in adiiferent line relatively to the middle line of the door in which the mortise is to be formed; and I will now describe the means by which the adjustment of the machine is made in order to restore the parts to their proper operative position.
Upon the lower frame 1, upon each side of the end of the superstructure 2 which is adjacent to the cutting-point ot' the bit 1S, is formed a projecting lug or bracket 19 of suitable strength, through which is tapped a clamping-screw 20. Upon the end of each ot' these clamping-screws is swiveled a clamping-plate 2l, the face of which is adapted to bear against one face of the door which is to be mortised. The end of each clam pin g-plate 2l is supported against the face of the end of the frame, so as to maintain the proper position of the clamping-plate and at the same time permit it to move easily by the adjustment of the screw. The lugs 19 are located at such a distance apart as to permit the clamping-plates to be separated widely enough to engage with doors of all ordinary thicknesses.
Upon the upper edge of the end bar of the frame 1 is a graduated scale 22, having an indication of any suitable kind which marks a central point coinciding with the vertical plane passing through the axis of the mandrel 4. By adjusting either one of the clampingserews 2O bythe assistance of the scale to a suitable distance from the point of central indication referred to the machine will be at once capable of operatin g upon a door of any width or thickness bysirnply forcing the other clamping-plate 2l against its face with the necessary degree of force. The cutting-point of the bit will then be accurately centered as to the edge of the door, so that the mortise will be formed with walls of equal thickness on both sides. It should be noted that this clamping adjustment permits the machine to be adjusted with great ease, so that the mortise may be cut upon one side or the other of the central longitudinal line of the door, as there are cases in which this construction may be desirable. The machine is also made capable by these means of cutting a mortise in a door or other structure in which a lock may be set in a recess exposing one face of the lock, which will be flush with the corresponding face of the door.
It will be understood that after the operation of the bit is completed it will be removed from the head of the mandrel and the mortising-chisel 1G will be inserted in its place. In order that this chisel may beheld in position to make its cut in accurate alinement with the face of the door, I provide a small spring-pin 23, mounted upon the carrier-frame (5 at such a point that it may project through an opening in said frame and enter shallow depressions in the face of the bevel-gear 12. This pin may conveniently be mounted on a simple leaf-spring 24, hav- IIO .1 carriage-frame to' permit free revolution of the bevel-gear but when the chisel is inserted in place of the bit a simple movement of the nger will throw the pin back to its place,
causing its end to engage the recesses inthe bevel-gear 12. These recesses are formed at such distances as to arrest the revolution of the gear at each half-revolution of the chisel, whereby it is brought into position to trim both faces of the mortise in accurate parallelism. The arrangement of these parts is shown in detail in Fig. 4, in which the pin 23 is shown lying in one of the recesses 25 in the bevel-gear 12,which is thus held from rotation. The shank of the chisel being square like that of the bit, it will be arrested by the action of the pin 23 when the blade is in a plane parallel with that of the carriage-frame 6 or at a right angle to said plane. To avoid the necessity of moving the chisel and replacing it should it assume the position last mentioned, the recesses 25 in the face of the bevelgear 12 may be formed at four equal intervals, so that by simply withdrawing the spring-pin 23 and turning the gear l2 one-fourth of a revolution the blade of the chisel will be brought into position for operation. This construction is advantageousalso in enabling the chisel to be so turned that it will trim all four sides of the mortise. While this is not considered necessary in forming a lock-mortise the ends of which are entirely concealed by the face-plate of the lock, there are other kinds of work in which it is essential to trim all four sides accurately, and by my improved construction the machine is rendered capable of this work and its utility is thus extended.
To drive the mortising-tools into the wood,
I provide a carriage-frame with an arm 26 of angular form, and at the angle a base 27 may be provided to receive the blow of a mallet or hammer to assist in operating the chisel. As the mandrel 4. has a firm and solid bed in the end bar of the carriage-frame, it will easily bear the endwise thrust caused by the resistance of the wood to the edge of the chisel.
It is unnecessary to describe the remaining parts of the lock-mortising mechanism, as these are well known and form no part of my present invention. I propose also in the machines as now improved by me to dispense with some of these parts.
What I claim is- A machine for mortising doors for locks, consisting of a base provided at one end with independent clamping-screws, a frame integral with and standing upon the base at a right angle therewith, rigidly connected guide-bars adjustable vertically upon said frame, a bit-carriage movable in said guidebars and having a mandrel to carry the mortising-tools and providedwith a rearward extension for the hand of the operator, a driving-shaft mounted on a bracket extending laterally from the bit-carriage' and provided with a bevel-gear meshing with a similar gear on the mandrel, and a spring-operated stoppin mounted on the bit-carriage and extending through it to engage recesses in the gear on the mandrel, to arrest the latter at such points as to enable the trimming-chisel to operate, substantially as described.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in presence of two subscribing witnesses.
JOHN E. DEARBORN.
Vitnesses:
CEAS. L. EATON, J. B. TILLorsoN.
US68986398A 1898-08-30 1898-08-30 Lock-mortising machine. Expired - Lifetime US631202A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3238980A (en) * 1963-05-21 1966-03-08 Goldstein Milton Door and jamb finishing apparatus
US4204785A (en) * 1978-08-22 1980-05-27 Rowlings James W Flush door bolt bore forming jig
US5154214A (en) * 1991-05-13 1992-10-13 Hagerman Randolph S Mortising jig
US20080084064A1 (en) * 2006-10-06 2008-04-10 Ti Group Automotive Systems, Llc Quick connector coupling

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3238980A (en) * 1963-05-21 1966-03-08 Goldstein Milton Door and jamb finishing apparatus
US4204785A (en) * 1978-08-22 1980-05-27 Rowlings James W Flush door bolt bore forming jig
US5154214A (en) * 1991-05-13 1992-10-13 Hagerman Randolph S Mortising jig
US20080084064A1 (en) * 2006-10-06 2008-04-10 Ti Group Automotive Systems, Llc Quick connector coupling

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