US615830A - Charles e - Google Patents

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US615830A
US615830A US615830DA US615830A US 615830 A US615830 A US 615830A US 615830D A US615830D A US 615830DA US 615830 A US615830 A US 615830A
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chamber
water
steam
pipe
inlet
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F23/00Mixing according to the phases to be mixed, e.g. dispersing or emulsifying
    • B01F23/20Mixing gases with liquids
    • B01F23/23Mixing gases with liquids by introducing gases into liquid media, e.g. for producing aerated liquids
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/042Introducing gases into the water, e.g. aerators, air pumps

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  • VQ D a NiTnD STATES PATENT OFFICE.
  • My invention has relation to a feed-Water heater and purifier; and its obj'ect is to provide such a device embodying many advantages, besides being simple in its construction and arrangement and reliable in its operation.
  • One of the main objects is to provide for the maintenance of different Water-levels,-as required in summer and Winter or at other times. These heaters are frequently used in large cities in low basements, and when the steamheating system, for instance, is in operation in winter it is necessary that the water-line shall be below the lowest radiator to prevent its flooding. Consequently for winter service I provide a low-water line.
  • Figure l is a sectional elevation of my feed-water heater and purifier; Fig. 2, a plan thereof, and Fig. 3 a sectional plan on line 3 of Fig. l.
  • My device comprises any suitable shell or casing 1 of the desired shape and dimensions and divided by partitions 2 and 3 into three separate chambers intercommunicating, as hereinafter explained.
  • the lowest chamber 4 is the expansion and oil-separating chamber and is located below what I will term for a whole and for convenience the filteringcham ber 5.
  • the third chamber 6 is the heating and settling chamber and is located above the other two.
  • a suitable pipe or passage 7 extendsfrom the expansion-chamber upward into theheating-chamber and communicates only with the latter. This pipe extends a suitable distance above the normal high-water line, predetermined in a manner to be described.
  • the filter-chamber is subdivided by vertical transverse partitions 8 and 9 into three chambers, thel'chamber l0 being a receivingchamber for the water before filtration, chamber 1l the filter-chamber proper, and Vcham'- ber 12 the purified-water chamber,from which the water is drawn through pipe 13 by pumpsuction or otherwise.
  • the partitions 8 and 9 have suitable perforations or passages 14 and 15, respectively, and chamber ll is supplied with any suitable filtering material.
  • the pipe 16 is the cold-water inlet, entering the casing above the highest normal Waterlevel and provided with a valve device 17,
  • the heating-chamber Supported within the heating-chamber bclow the water-inlet I arrange a suitable deflecting vessel or plate 19, preferably circular or umbrellashaped, so as to provided a circular shower around the pipe 7.
  • the heating-chamber preferably has a suitable manhole 20.
  • the heating-chamber communicates with 7o the expansion-chamber through pipe 7 and by a passage 21 with chamber 10, into which also enters the condensation-return 22 for the condense-water of a steam-heating system.
  • blow-off branch 25 substantially at 8o the bottom of the chamber.
  • the chamber 10 also communicates with the pipe 23 by a blowoff pipe 26. These blow-offs are governed by suitable valves 27 and 28, respectively.
  • expansion and oil-separating chamber likewise communicates with the discharge-pipe 23 by a branch or oil-outlet 29.
  • the water is thus drawn ott' into chamber I0, also fed by the pure condense-water from the return 22. If the heating system is in operation and if the lowest radiator is above the normal water-line, the water then passes through the perforations into the filter-cham ber ll, where it is properly filtered. It thence enters the chamber l2 in a purified condition.
  • the water-line maintained as above described which I have designated by the line a a, is the one that may be used in summer or if the lowest radiator is above that line; but, as frequently happens, such radiator is below, so that the water-line must be lower when the heating system is in service.
  • This lowering of the water-line is accomplished as follows: A second float-valve device 34, having a connection entering the intermediate chamber 5 and operating a valve in a coldwater inlet 35, maintains the water-line in the intermediate chamber and below the partition 3.
  • the other water-inlet is closed when the inlet 35 is opened.
  • I claiml In a feed-water heater, thecombination of a water-holding chamber, a water-inlet therefor, a steam-chamber having a steaminlet, and a steam pipe or passage therefrom into the water-chamber, and a third chamber intermediate of the other two chambers and surrounding such steam-pipe, means of communication between the water-chamber and the intermediate chamber, an outlet from said latter chamber, and means for maintaining a predetermined water-line in the Waterchamber.
  • a feed-water heater the combination of a water-holding chamber having a waterinlet, a steam-chamber having a steam-inlet and a steam pipe or passage entering the water-chamber, a chamber intermediate of the other two chambers and surrounding such steam-pipe, a water-outlet from such intermediate chamber, means for maintaining a predetermined water-line in the water-chamber and means for maintaining a lower water-line in the intermediate chamber when desired.
  • a feed-water heater In a feed-water heater, the combination of a water-holding chamber, a 4steam-chamber having a steam-inlet, means of communication between the steam-chamber and the water-chamber, a water-outlet chamber intermediate of the other two chambers and having communication with the water-chamber, two separate water-inlets into the water-chamber and lioat-valve devices governing such water-inlets and operating independently to maintain normal water-levels inthe water-chamber or the intermediate chamber.
  • a feed-water heater In a feed-water heater, the combination of a casing, a water-holding chamber therein, a filter-chamber therebelow, a steamchamber located below the other two chambers and passing through and communicating with the water-chamber, water-inlets for the water-chamber and Iilter-chamber, iioat-l valve devices ⁇ governing the water-inlets and operating at different times as desired to maintain normal water-levels in the waterchamber and intermediate chamber respectively, means of communication between the water-chamber and intermediate chamber and a water-outlet from the latter chamber.
  • a water-holding chamber having a waterinlet
  • a steam-chamber having a steam-inlet
  • a steam pipe or passage leading therefrom into the water-chamber and a water-outlet chamber communicating with the waterchamber and arranged intermediate of the other two chambers, said intermediate chamber surrounding said steam pipe or passage.
  • a water-holding chamber having a waterinlet, a water-outlet chamber communicating with, and located below the water-chamber, and a steam-chamber located below the other two chambers and having a steam-inlet and also a steam pipe or passage entering the water-chamber.
  • a feed-water heater in a feed-water heater, the combination of a water-holding chamber having a waterinlet, a second chamber below the waterchamber and communicating at its top with the water-chamber, a water-outlet from such second chamber, a steam-chamber located below the other two chambers and communieating with the water-chamber, and a steaminlet for the steam-chamber.
  • a feed-water heater the combination of a casing, a water-holding chamber therein having a water-inlet, a second chamber located below the water-chamber and having a water-outlet, means of communication between such chamber and a steam-chamber located below the other two chambers and having a steam-inlet and also a passage ex- ICO IIO
  • a feedwater heater the combination of a casing, a water-holding chamber therein having a water-inlet, a filter-chamber located below the water-ch amber and communicating therewith, a water-outlet and a condense-water inlet for the filter-chamber, and a steamchamber located below the other chamber and having a steam-pipe extending upwardly through the filter chamber and partially through the water-chamber and com municating with the latter.
  • a feed-Water heater the combination of a water-holding chamber having a waterinlet, a lter-chamber located below the water-chamber and communicating therewith, a water-outlet and a condense-water inlet for the filter-chamber and a steam-chamber 10- cated below the filter-chamber and havinga steam pipe or passage communicating with the water-chamber, suchl filter-chamber surrounding such steam pipe or passage.
  • a feed-water heater the combination of a water-holding chamber having a waterinlet, a steamchamber having a steam-passage in communication with the water-chamber, a steam-inlet for the steam-chamber, a third chamber in communication with the water-chamber and having a water-outlet such third chamber being intermediate of the other two chambers and surrounding said steampassage, and perforated partitions dividing such third chamber into three intercommunieating chambers, the first being in direct connection with the water-chamber, the second being the iilterchamber proper and the third being the purified-water chamber communieating with the water-outlet.
  • a waterholding chamber having an inlet, a plate for spreading or showering the water, a filter-chamber below the water-chamber, and communicating with the latter, perforated partitions dividing the filter-chamber into a receiving-chamber, a filter-chamber proper and a purified-water chamber respectively, a water-outlet in communication with the purified-water chamber and a steam-chamber below the water-chamber and lter-chamber, a steam-inlet for the steam-chamber, and a pipe extending centrally from the steam-chamber through the iilter-chamber and upward partially through the water-chamber with which it communicates. 13.
  • a water-holding chamber having a water-inlet, an expansion and oil-separating chamber located below the water-chamber and having an exhaust-steam connection
  • a filter chamber arranged between the water-chamber and the expansionchamber and having a water-outlet
  • means of communication between the filter-chamber and water-chamber perforated partitions dividing the lter-chamber into a receivingchamber, a filter-chamber proper and a puried-water chamber respectively
  • a water-outlet communicating with the purified-water chamber, a steam pipe or passage ext-ending from the expansion-chamber into the waterchamber and surrounded by the filter-chamber, and an oil-outlet communicating with the expansion and oil-separating chamber.
  • a feed-water heater in a feed-water heater, the combination of a water-holding chamber havinga wateri inlet, a steam-chamber having a steam-inlet, a steam pipe or passage leading therefrom into the water-chamber, and a third chamber arranged intermediate of the other two chama bers and communicating with the water-holding chamber and means for retainingv a bed of water upon the bottom of the uppermost chamber.

Description

No. 6|5,830. Patented Dec'. I3, |898.
e. E. FERREIRA.
FEED WATER HEATER AND PURIFIER.
(Appnmion fue'd .rune 2s., 1997.)
(No Model.)
VQ D a NiTnD STATES PATENT OFFICE.
CHARLES E. FERREIRA, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO SAMUEL T. BLEYER, OF SAME PLACE.
FEED-WATER HEATER AND PURIFIER.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N0. 615,830, dated December A13, 1898. Application filed J'une 28,1897. Serial No. 642,598. (No model.)
To all whom t may concern.-
Be it known that I, CHARLES E. FERREIRA, residing at Chicago, Cook county, Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Feed-Water Heaters and Purifiers, of which the following is a specification.
My invention has relation to a feed-Water heater and purifier; and its obj'ect is to provide such a device embodying many advantages, besides being simple in its construction and arrangement and reliable in its operation.
One of the main objects is to provide for the maintenance of different Water-levels,-as required in summer and Winter or at other times. These heaters are frequently used in large cities in low basements, and when the steamheating system, for instance, is in operation in winter it is necessary that the water-line shall be below the lowest radiator to prevent its flooding. Consequently for winter service I provide a low-water line.
My invention embodies other advantages and valuable features, which will be apparent from the description hereinafter given.
In the drawings, Figure l is a sectional elevation of my feed-water heater and purifier; Fig. 2, a plan thereof, and Fig. 3 a sectional plan on line 3 of Fig. l.
My device comprises any suitable shell or casing 1 of the desired shape and dimensions and divided by partitions 2 and 3 into three separate chambers intercommunicating, as hereinafter explained. The lowest chamber 4 is the expansion and oil-separating chamber and is located below what I will term for a whole and for convenience the filteringcham ber 5. The third chamber 6 is the heating and settling chamber and is located above the other two.
A suitable pipe or passage 7 extendsfrom the expansion-chamber upward into theheating-chamber and communicates only with the latter. This pipe extends a suitable distance above the normal high-water line, predetermined in a manner to be described.
The filter-chamber is subdivided by vertical transverse partitions 8 and 9 into three chambers, thel'chamber l0 being a receivingchamber for the water before filtration, chamber 1l the filter-chamber proper, and Vcham'- ber 12 the purified-water chamber,from which the water is drawn through pipe 13 by pumpsuction or otherwise. The partitions 8 and 9 have suitable perforations or passages 14 and 15, respectively, and chamber ll is supplied with any suitable filtering material.
The pipe 16 is the cold-water inlet, entering the casing above the highest normal Waterlevel and provided with a valve device 17,
operated in the well-known manner by a iloat 6o in a case 18, so as to maintain a normal water-line in the heating-chamber.
Supported within the heating-chamber bclow the water-inlet I arrange a suitable deflecting vessel or plate 19, preferably circular or umbrellashaped, so as to provided a circular shower around the pipe 7. The heating-chamber preferably has a suitable manhole 20.
The heating-chamber communicates with 7o the expansion-chamber through pipe 7 and by a passage 21 with chamber 10, into which also enters the condensation-return 22 for the condense-water of a steam-heating system.
A discharge-pipe 23, which is in connection with the sewer or other discharge-point, is arranged extraneous of the heater and communicates with the heating-chamber by overflow branch 24, above theA normal Water-line,
and by blow-off branch 25, substantially at 8o the bottom of the chamber. The chamber 10 also communicates with the pipe 23 by a blowoff pipe 26. These blow-offs are governed by suitable valves 27 and 28, respectively. The
expansion and oil-separating chamber likewise communicates with the discharge-pipe 23 by a branch or oil-outlet 29.
The operation of my device as thus far described and with a single water-line is as follows: Cold water is admitted by opening 9c the valve 30, and the flow will continue until the predetermined water-line is reached and maintained in the heater-chamber. Exhauststeam enters the chamber 4 through the inlet 3l, whereupon it is deiiected downward and 95 shower, which runs continuously so long as Iovo the feed-water is being used. Most, if not all, of the exhaust-steam is condensed and falls in the chamber. What may not have been condensed passes out through the outlet 33. The pipe or passage 2l projects above the bottom of the chamber, so as not to draw off sediment that settles therein. The water is thus drawn ott' into chamber I0, also fed by the pure condense-water from the return 22. If the heating system is in operation and if the lowest radiator is above the normal water-line, the water then passes through the perforations into the filter-cham ber ll, where it is properly filtered. It thence enters the chamber l2 in a purified condition.
The water-line maintained as above described, which I have designated by the line a a, is the one that may be used in summer or if the lowest radiator is above that line; but, as frequently happens, such radiator is below, so that the water-line must be lower when the heating system is in service. This lowering of the water-line is accomplished as follows: A second float-valve device 34, having a connection entering the intermediate chamber 5 and operating a valve in a coldwater inlet 35, maintains the water-line in the intermediate chamber and below the partition 3. Of course there is water in the heating-chamber of a depth equal to the height of the pipe 2l, as shown in Fig. 1, and water overflows therethrough when the level below in the intermediate chamber is lowered. It will be understood the other water-inlet is closed when the inlet 35 is opened. By these means I am able to obtain and maintain different water-lines, as desired, for the special purpose specified or for any other purpose.
In my device the exhaust-steam enters below both the other chambers, and the heat thereof is utilized to its fullest extent. The intermediate chamber is located adjacent to the expansion-chamber, and the water therein is highly heated just prior to its withdrawal for use. Likewise in passing through the large pipe 7 considerable heat is communicated to the intermediate chamber and to the body of water in the settling-chamber. Such novel arrangement of chambers is thus of advantage in the practical operation of feed-water heaters and purifiers.
I claiml. In a feed-water heater, thecombination of a water-holding chamber, a water-inlet therefor, a steam-chamber having a steaminlet, and a steam pipe or passage therefrom into the water-chamber, and a third chamber intermediate of the other two chambers and surrounding such steam-pipe, means of communication between the water-chamber and the intermediate chamber, an outlet from said latter chamber, and means for maintaining a predetermined water-line in the Waterchamber.
2. In a feed-water heater, the combination of a water-holding chamber having a waterinlet, a steam-chamber having a steam-inlet and a steam pipe or passage entering the water-chamber, a chamber intermediate of the other two chambers and surrounding such steam-pipe, a water-outlet from such intermediate chamber, means for maintaining a predetermined water-line in the water-chamber and means for maintaining a lower water-line in the intermediate chamber when desired.
In a feed-water heater, the combination of a water-holding chamber, a 4steam-chamber having a steam-inlet, means of communication between the steam-chamber and the water-chamber, a water-outlet chamber intermediate of the other two chambers and having communication with the water-chamber, two separate water-inlets into the water-chamber and lioat-valve devices governing such water-inlets and operating independently to maintain normal water-levels inthe water-chamber or the intermediate chamber.
4. In a feed-water heater, the combination of a casing, a water-holding chamber therein, a filter-chamber therebelow, a steamchamber located below the other two chambers and passing through and communicating with the water-chamber, water-inlets for the water-chamber and Iilter-chamber, iioat-l valve devices `governing the water-inlets and operating at different times as desired to maintain normal water-levels in the waterchamber and intermediate chamber respectively, means of communication between the water-chamber and intermediate chamber and a water-outlet from the latter chamber.
5. In a feed-water heater, the combination of a water-holding chamber having a waterinlet, a steam-chamber having a steam-inlet, a steam pipe or passage leading therefrom into the water-chamber, and a water-outlet chamber communicating with the waterchamber and arranged intermediate of the other two chambers, said intermediate chamber surrounding said steam pipe or passage.
6. In a feed-water heater, the combination of a water-holding chamber having a waterinlet, a water-outlet chamber communicating with, and located below the water-chamber, and a steam-chamber located below the other two chambers and having a steam-inlet and also a steam pipe or passage entering the water-chamber.
7. In a feed-water heater, the combination of a water-holding chamber having a waterinlet, a second chamber below the waterchamber and communicating at its top with the water-chamber, a water-outlet from such second chamber, a steam-chamber located below the other two chambers and communieating with the water-chamber, and a steaminlet for the steam-chamber.
8. In a feed-water heater, the combination of a casing, a water-holding chamber therein having a water-inlet, a second chamber located below the water-chamber and having a water-outlet, means of communication between such chamber and a steam-chamber located below the other two chambers and having a steam-inlet and also a passage ex- ICO IIO
tending upwardly through the second chamber and into the water-chamber.
9. In a feedwater heater, the combination of a casing, a water-holding chamber therein having a water-inlet, a filter-chamber located below the water-ch amber and communicating therewith, a water-outlet and a condense-water inlet for the filter-chamber, and a steamchamber located below the other chamber and having a steam-pipe extending upwardly through the filter chamber and partially through the water-chamber and com municating with the latter.
10. In a feed-Water heater, the combination of a water-holding chamber having a waterinlet, a lter-chamber located below the water-chamber and communicating therewith, a water-outlet and a condense-water inlet for the filter-chamber and a steam-chamber 10- cated below the filter-chamber and havinga steam pipe or passage communicating with the water-chamber, suchl filter-chamber surrounding such steam pipe or passage.
11. In a feed-water heater, the combination of a water-holding chamber having a waterinlet, a steamchamber having a steam-passage in communication with the water-chamber, a steam-inlet for the steam-chamber, a third chamber in communication with the water-chamber and having a water-outlet such third chamber being intermediate of the other two chambers and surrounding said steampassage, and perforated partitions dividing such third chamber into three intercommunieating chambers, the first being in direct connection with the water-chamber, the second being the iilterchamber proper and the third being the purified-water chamber communieating with the water-outlet.
12. The combination of a waterholding chamber having an inlet, a plate for spreading or showering the water, a filter-chamber below the water-chamber, and communicating with the latter, perforated partitions dividing the filter-chamber into a receiving-chamber, a filter-chamber proper and a purified-water chamber respectively, a water-outlet in communication with the purified-water chamber and a steam-chamber below the water-chamber and lter-chamber, a steam-inlet for the steam-chamber, and a pipe extending centrally from the steam-chamber through the iilter-chamber and upward partially through the water-chamber with which it communicates. 13. The combination of a water-holding chamber having a water-inlet, an expansion and oil-separating chamber located below the water-chamber and having an exhaust-steam connection, a filter chamber arranged between the water-chamber and the expansionchamber and having a water-outlet, means of communication between the filter-chamber and water-chamber, perforated partitions dividing the lter-chamber into a receivingchamber, a filter-chamber proper and a puried-water chamber respectively, a water-outlet communicating with the purified-water chamber, a steam pipe or passage ext-ending from the expansion-chamber into the waterchamber and surrounded by the filter-chamber, and an oil-outlet communicating with the expansion and oil-separating chamber.
. 14. In a feed-water heater, the combination of a water-holding chamber havinga wateri inlet, a steam-chamber having a steam-inlet, a steam pipe or passage leading therefrom into the water-chamber, anda third chamber arranged intermediate of the other two chama bers and communicating with the water-holding chamber and means for retainingv a bed of water upon the bottom of the uppermost chamber. L CHARLES E. FERREIRA.
Witnesses:
SAMUEL E. I-IIBBEN, VALENTINE LAPHAM.
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