US600259A - detjbner - Google Patentsdetjbner Download PDF
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- US600259A US600259A US600259DA US600259A US 600259 A US600259 A US 600259A US 600259D A US600259D A US 600259DA US 600259 A US600259 A US 600259A
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- 239000000203 mixture Substances 0.000 description 12
- 230000000875 corresponding Effects 0.000 description 5
- 210000000614 Ribs Anatomy 0.000 description 4
- 238000010276 construction Methods 0.000 description 4
- 230000000694 effects Effects 0.000 description 3
- 230000000630 rising Effects 0.000 description 3
- 230000000750 progressive Effects 0.000 description 2
- 230000036633 rest Effects 0.000 description 2
- 238000009825 accumulation Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000001721 combination Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000000994 depressed Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000005484 gravity Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000007689 inspection Methods 0.000 description 1
- 239000002184 metal Substances 0.000 description 1
- 238000005192 partition Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000002093 peripheral Effects 0.000 description 1
- 239000011435 rock Substances 0.000 description 1
- A—HUMAN NECESSITIES
- A63—SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
- A63F—CARD, BOARD, OR ROULETTE GAMES; INDOOR GAMES USING SMALL MOVING PLAYING BODIES; VIDEO GAMES; GAMES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
- A63F9/00—Games not otherwise provided for
- A63F9/18—Question-and-answer games
- G09—EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
- G09G—ARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
- G09G3/00—Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
- G09G3/20—Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
- G09G3/2007—Display of intermediate tones
- G09G3/2018—Display of intermediate tones by time modulation using two or more time intervals
- G09G3/2022—Display of intermediate tones by time modulation using two or more time intervals using sub-frames
- G09G3/2037—Display of intermediate tones by time modulation using two or more time intervals using sub-frames with specific control of sub-frames corresponding to the least significant bits
(No Model.) 9 Sheets-Sheet 1.
J. W. DEUBNER.
WORKMANS TIME RECORD-ER.
No. 600,259. Patented Mar. 8,1898.
Ma NORRIS onus co, wmmvuma wAsHm'owN, D c
(No Model.) I 9 Sheets-Sheet2.
J. W. DEUBNER.
WORKMANS TIME RECORDER.
No. 600,259. Patented Mar. 8,1898.
m: Nana's PETERS c0, morouwofl wasHlNBTON, o c.
(No Model.) v 9 Sheets-Sheet. 4.
J. W. DEUBNER.
WORKMANS TIME RECORDER.
Patented Mar. 8, 1898.-
(No Model.) 9 Sheets-Sheet 5. J. W. DEUBNER.
WORKMANS TIME RECORDER.
Patented Mar. 8, 1898.
a v T e e h S. m e e h s 9 PM E -m w E E N R B WM .1 T a -N WA m R 0 W m d 0 M 0 W No. 600,259. Patented Mar. 8,1898.
aw Wm M X1 N w w i Q hm w v (No Model.) 9 SheetsSheet 7.
J. W. DEUBNER.
WORKMANS TIME RECORDER;
No. 600,259[ Patented Mar. 8,1898,
(No Model.) 9 Sh'eets-Sheet 9.
J. W. DEUBNER.
WORKMANS TIME RECORDER. N0. 600,259. Patented Mar. 8,1898.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOHN \V. DEIIBNER, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR, BY DIRECT AND MESNE ASSIGNMENTS, TO TIIE CHICAGO TIME REGISTER COMPANY,
OF SAME PLACE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Iatent No. 600,259, dated March 8, 1898.
Application filed May 3, 1895. Serial No. 547,997. (No model.)
T at whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN IV. DEI'iBNER, of Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Time-Recorders; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and eXact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
This invention relates to an improved timerecording machine designed for use principally in factories and large establishments where it is necessary to record the time of the employees.
More specifically the invention pertains to an improved apparatus by which each workman has an individual recording device which by being operated at the beginning and end of any determined interval of time records the time of daywhen said interval commenced, the time of day when it terminated, and the total duration of said period of time in hours and fractions of hours.
The object of the invention is to produce a record of improved form and arrangement, facilitate the operation of recording, provide improved means of guarding against errors or inaccuracies, and provide an improved simple construction in a machine adapted to effectively carry out the above objects.
The invention consists in the several matters hereinafter described, and more particularly pointed out in the appended claims, and may be more readily understood by reference to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 is a side elevation of a machine embodying my invention, the side casing being removed to expose the working parts of the machine. Fig. 2 is a top plan view of the machine with parts of the casing broken away to expose the mechanism beneath. Figs. 3 and 4 are enlarged vertical longitudinal sectional views taken on lines 3 8 4 1 of Fig. 2. Fig. 5 is a rear elevation of the clock mechanism, the back casin g being removed to expose the operative parts. Fig. 6 is an inner face view of the fixed type-wheel. Fig. 7 is a view of a recording-sheet, showing the form of record produced by the machine. Fig. Sis a side elevation of a portion of the upper central part of the machine, (casing removed,) showin g the swinging frame lifted up to permit inspection of the record. Fig. 9 is a horizontal sectional view taken on a level with the upper edges of the key-bars, including, however, the rocking bar M, overhanging said key-bars in full lines. Fig. 10 is a fragmentary view showin g that part of the actuating-bar carrying the pawl, the cam projection which acts 011 the gravity-detent, and a portion of the ratchetwheel which the pawl engages. Fig. 11 is a fragmentary perspective view of a part of one of the fixed type-wheels, showing particularly the V-shaped recesses thereof. Figs. 12 and 13 are longitudinal and transverse vertical sections, respectively, taken on lines 12 12 of Fig. 13 and 13 13 of Fig. 12, respectively, showing more particularly the arrangement of the key-bar, the cam-slots therein, the shipping-lever actuated thereby, and the arrangement of the parts whereby the plunger is actuated by the cam-stud carried by the keybar. Fig. 1a is a top plan view of the interior mechanism of the machine, the end portions being broken off to reduce the length of the figure and a portion of the recording-sheet and inking-ribbon being broken out to expose the type-wheels beneath. Figs. 15 and 16 together constitute a full-length side elevation of the machine with the proximate side of the outer casing removed, some of the parts 10- cated behind or within the side frame-piece being indicated in dotted lines.
Described in general terms, a machine adapted to carry out my invention comprises as its main features two movable printingforms or impressing devices, one provided with a series of characters representing the time of day and actuated by any suitable clock mechanism, so as to present at a proper printing-point at any time of day the proper printing characters corresponding to that time of day, the other normally stationary and provided with a series of printing characters to indicate any predetermined divisions of time arranged in progressive order from zero upward and adapted to be locked to the first-mentioned movable form at any point of travel of the latter and to thereafter move with it.
The invention also comprises a recordingsheet arranged to receive impressions of the combined characters presented at any time by said forms, an impressing device for bringin g the sheet into printing contact, and means for effecting the locking together and unlocking of the printing-forms and for returning the normally stationary form to Zero at the end of each interval of time recorded.
Obviously these several features may be embodied in various forms, so as to satisfactorily accomplish their several purposes. I will herein describe a single operative form; but I do not desire to be limited thereto in the construction of the appended claims.
Referring to said drawings, A designates as a whole a suitable case within which is inclosed the principal mechanism of the machine. The box is provided with a hinged cover portion a at its top,which may be lifted up to afford access to the recording sheet and mechanism, and also with a series of slots at, through which project a series of operating or key bars, as hereinafter described.
B designates as a whole an inner frame comprising side frame-pieces or castings B 13 a cross-partition B and cross-braces b b.
O designates a main shaft journaled transversely in the side frames B B 0 indicates a ratchet-wheel mounted upon the shaft 0 adjacent to and outside of the frame-piece B and provided with a double series of peripheral ratchets c c. The two series of ratchets have an equal number of notches, and in order that one series may be adjusted with relation to the other the two series are formed on separate disks, which are adjustably secured together by a screw 0 extending through a circumferential slot 0 in one disk and engaging a tapped hole in the other. One of said disks is keyed or otherwise fixed rigidly upon the shaft O.
0 indicates a reciprocating actuating-bar mounted to slide in bearings c c" on the frame B, so as to extend horizontally above the ratchet-wheel O,and carrying a pivoted gravity-pawle ,whicl1 acts to turn the said ratchetwheel a single notch at a time at each move ment of the bar toward the front end of the machine.
0 is a detent pivoted on the frame B and acting to prevent the ratchet-wheel from being turned backward by the return movement of the bar O 0 indicates a gravity-detent engaging the series of ratchets c in such manner as to positively limit the forward movement of the ratchet-wheel O as a whole to a single notch upon each reciprocation of the actuatinglever. Said detent is pivoted upon a bracket 0 formed on the frame B, and is actuated by an inclined cam projection 0 formed on the under side of the bar 0 which engages a pin 0 projecting at right angles from the tail end of the detent, and holds said pawl 11 ormally raised or free from the ratchet-wheel while the bar 0 is in its rearward position.
The bar O is actuated from a crank-arm d, secured upon the end of a transversely-arranged rock-shaft I), journaled in upright supports 19 b rising from the side frames l3 the connection between the crank-arm and sliding bar being afforded by means of a link C The rock-shaft D is actuated by means of a bar D, connected with a second rigid crankarm (1 on the shaft D and extending from thence to a clock mechanism indicated as a whole by D and shown in the present 111- stance as consisting of a clock of common construction mounted upon the top of the rear part of the case, the bar D extending up through a suitable aperture in the top wall of the case.
D Fig. 5, designates a cam-plate fixed upon the minute-hand spindle of the clock, said plate being provided with a circumferential series of cam-grooves (1 arranged spirally with reference to the axis of the plate and connected by radial cam-grooves (i The bar D is arranged to extend alongside of and approximately diametrically across said camplate and is operatively connected with the latter by means of a cam stud or pin d, projecting at right angles from the bar and engaging the cam-groove, the upper end of the bar being mounted to slide in a bearing (1, which prevents lateral movement of the bar. Obviously when thus constructed and arranged the bar D will be gradually raised and allowed to drop abruptlyas the cam-plate is rotated and the rock-shaft thereby oscillated to move the ratchet-wheel 0 forward a notch as many times in an hour as there are spiral-groove sections and corresponding radial grooves. In the present instance four are shown, and the ratchet C will therefore be moved forward a notch once every quarter-hour or fifteen minutes. In order that the bar D may be caused to drop promptly, it is shown as provided with a coiled compression-spring d", which is arranged to aid the gravity of said lever. It is to be noted in this connection that by reason of the contour of the cam-grooves, if for any reason the bar D should be prevented from dropping, the clock mechanism will be stopped by the engagement of the stud d with the outer side of the radial part of the cam-groove.
Next describing the printing devices proper, it is to he observed that the machine herein shown is adapted for recording the time of but four workmen, but that in practice the machine will be provided with as many additional recording devices and corresponding keys as may be found desirable, such additional recording devices simply increasing the width of the machine, but requiring no additional driving mechanism. Inasmuch as all of the individual printing mechanisms are alike, reference will be made herein to but a notch of the ratchet-wheel O.
F indicates a second type-wheel similar to and of the same diameter as the wheel E, mounted loosely upon the shaft 0 adjacent to the fixed wheel and adapted to be shifted out of or into engagement with said fixed wheel.
The wheel F is providedwith a series of characters designating time by hours and quarter-hours, (the latter being indicated in the present instance in the form of fractions, so as to facilitate footing and to distinguish more clearly'from the characters of the fixed wheel,) running from O to 12.
In order that the loose wheel may be locked, so as to move with the fixed wheel E, and at the same time the groups of characters be brought into register with each other in whateverrelative position the two wheels happen to be when the loose one is shifted up to the other, the fixed wheel is provided in its proximate face with an annular series of V-shaped recesses a (see detail Fig. 11) and the loose wheel with a conical stud or boss f, adapted to engage and fit within said recesses.
Means for shifting the loose wheel out of or into engagement with the fixed wheel are provided as follows: G indicates a shipping-lever (see Figs. 3, 9, and 12) having at one end a yoke g, engaged with an annular groove 0 formed on the hub of the wheel F between the approximate faces of the gear I and said typewheel F and extending rearwardly and pivoted midway of its length to the lower side of a support G, so as to oscillate in a horizontal plane. The shipping-lever is of spring metal and is provided with an upturned end portion g, which normally rests against one side or the other of a sliding key-bar H, mounted to slide horizontally above the shipping-lever in suitable guides g g formed in the sup port G.
h h indicate two cam-slots cut diagonally through the key-bar H at its lower side (see Fig. 12) at such points that one of them will be carried past the upturned end of the shipping-lever just before the key-bar H reaches the end of its throw in each direction. The said slots are of such'size and depth as to permit the upturned end g of the shipping-lever to pass therethrough, the latter being formed relatively thin in cross-section and arranged to stand in a diagonal vertical plane corre sponding to that of the slots h h, so as to facilitate the passage of the said end through the slots. The end 9 of the resilient shipping-lever is arranged so as to tend to stand in a vertical plane between the two planes of the opposite sides of the lever H when the loose wheel is shifted to either position, so that when said end is carried through to either side by the cam action of one of the slots it will bear against the side of the lever and enter the return-slot when the lever is shifted so as to permit it. The arrangement is such that the loose wheel will be shifted into engagem ent with the fixed wheel when the lever H is pulled out toward the front of the machine and disengaged therefrom when it is returned.
In order that the loose wheel F may be returned to zero each time after it has been disconnected from the fixed wheel, ready to commence the recording of a new interval of time, the hub of said shifting wheel is provided with a concentric gear I, adapted when the wheel F is shifted away from the other to intermesh with rack-teeth 7L2 formed on the under side of the key-bar H. The gear I is flattened or has its teeth cut away at one side, as at '5, so that when it has been returned to Zero the flattened side will come opposite the rack-teeth, and thus allow the remaining part of the rack-teeth to be carried past without turning the wheel. This flattened portion 2' by engagement with the lower side of the keybar II also serves the further purpose of preventing the loose wheel from being carried around by frictional engagement with the shaft 0 during the time it rests loosely upon said shaft.
In order that the loose wheel may be positively stopped when it reaches the Zero-point, a stop or pin f is arranged to project outwardly therefrom in position to engage with the upper side of the shipping-lever G.
In order that the gear I may be shifted beneath the rack in position to intermesh therewith without interference, the teeth are omitted for a short space, as at 71.3, at that part of the key-bar which will be opposite the gear when the bar is just starting rearward, and at which time the shifting of the gear into position to mesh occurs.
Next describing the mechanism bywhich an impression is taken upon a recording-sheet of the combination of characters presented at the printingpoint at any time, J, Figs. 3, 8, and 1-l-, designates an impressing-lever pivoted between its ends upon a crossbar j, which is mounted between the two side members j j of a swinging frame J, pivoted at its rear end between two standards N h rising from the side frames B B respectively. The impressing device or lever J is actuated by means of a vertically-reciprocating plunger K, mounted adjacent to the key-bar to slide in suitable guides or bearings j" j in the support G, which plunger engages with its upper end the rear end of said lever J and by lifting the latter forces its opposite end down upon the type-wheels. The plunger is provided on its side adjacent to the key-bar H with a V-shaped cam 7.3, which is engaged and forced upward by a cam-stud 7L4, mounted IIO on the key-bar H, both in the forward and rearward movement of the latter. The under side of the contracting end of the lever J, against which the plunger K acts, is provided with a longitudinally-arranged knifeedged character or scoring device it, which operates, in conjunction with the end of the plunger K, to score or rule the recording-sheet, as hereinafter described.
The forward end of the impression-lever is provided with a suitable yielding impressionsurfaee, preferably of rubber, of such size as to impress the recording-sheet L upon the characters of any single group or combination presented at the printing-point by the two type-wheels locked together as described.
The recording-sheet L is preferably, although not necessarily, in the form of a strip or web wound into roll form, which roll is shown as mounted upon a suitable roller L, journaled in uprights Z)" Z), rising from the frames B 13 From the roll L the strip of paper is led beneath a guide-roller L mounted at the rear end of the swinging frame J, thence between the pivoted impressinglever and the typewheels and up between a roller L mounted in the forward end of the frame J and a rubher-surfaced driven feed-roller L", journaled in supporting side plates 13 B extending upward from the respective side frames B B Inasmuch as the machine is arranged to make a recording impression both when the key-bar is drawn forward and when it is pushed back, it is necessary that the recording-sheet be moved forward a step at each movement of the bar in either direction. It is desirable that the records made of the time at which the several workmen commenced work and when they ceased work be recorded in straight lines or rows extending transversely across the sheet. In order that this may be accomplished, it is necessary that the sheet-feeding devices be so arranged that the outward or forward movement of the key-bar first actuated will cause the sheet to feed forward a step, while the drawing out of any of the remaining bars will have no effect on the feeding mechanism, and similarly when the first workman'pushes in his key-bar the sheet will be fed forward a step; but none of the succeeding bars will move the sheet when they are moved inward. Mechanism for thus feeding forward the recording-sheet is provided asfollows:
M (see Figs. 4t, 9, and 16) designates a rockbar j ournaled transversely in the side frames B B a short distance above the key-bars II and provided throughout its length with a radial web or rib m, which normally depends in position to be engaged by a cam projection 7L5 formed on the upper side of the key-bar II. The cam projection 7L5 is so formed as to first oscillate the rock-bar M out of its path and thereafter pass beneath the same when the key-bar is shifted in either direction, and is of such length and so located with relation to the stud h", which actuates the impressing device, that the bar will be oscillated just before the impression is made in each case. In order that the pendent web on may more certainly resume a vertical position, so as to be reengaged by the return movement of the bar ll, its journals m are arranged eccentrically of the center of the bar, so that part of the weight of said bar aids to bring the web or flange to a vertically-depending position.
m Fig. 16, indicates an arm pivoted at one end m to the side supporting-plate 13', adjacent to the end of the bar M, and carrying between its ends two pivoted pawls 112 171 which extend upward at opposite sides of and are held in yielding engagement with a ratchet-wheel L secured upon the shaft of the driving-rollerL by means of a coiled contractile springm". The engaging ends of said pawls m m' are oppositely arranged, so that one of the pawls, m acts to rotate the roller L when the arm m is oscillated on its pivot to lift the pair bodily upward, and the other, on, acts to rotate the said roller L when the arm on is oscillated to pull down the pawls.
m indicates a segmental-shaped arm secured rigidly upon the rockshaft M adjacent to the free end of the arm m which segmental arm m is provided on its face adjacent to the arm m with ribs m m extending above and below the loose arm m and adapted to engage and oscillate the latter when the rock shaft is oscillated by the key-bar, as herein before described, the space between said ribs being such as to permit the web m to return to a vertically-depending position after the arm m has been oscillated up or down without moving the latter.
By means of the foregoing mechanism an intermittent. forward motion is imparted to the driving-roller, which by reason of its frictional engagement with the recording-sheet feeds the latter forward step by step.
N designates an inking-ribbon having its supply end coiled about a revoluble roller N, mounted in the rear end of the box, trained from thence over a guide-roller N directly above the roller N, between the recordingsheet and type-wheels, and then to an idleroller N about which the latter is wound. The trunnions n of the idle-roller N are mounted in horizontal slots If b, so as to permit a bodily movement of the roller toward and away from the roller L to provide for the accumulation of the ribbon thereon, and said roller is held in yielding contact with the feed-roller by means of wire springs or a, secured to the plates B" B and arranged to act on the projecting ends of the trunnions to force the roller toward the feed-roller.
0, Fig. 3, designates a transversely arranged bar provided with vertical guide-studs 0, which slide in suitable guide-apertures 0 0, formed in the crossbar j and having a suit able handle 0 mounted upon their upper ends, by means of which the bar may be depressed.
' record-sheet would show 8:000.
0 indicates aform mounted upon the crosspartition member 13 beneath the bar 0 and the recording-sheet and ribbon, in position to receive the pressure of the bar 0, said form being provided with a numeral-type or other identifying character 0 arranged to register with each of the double columns of the recording-sheet, by means of which the several individual columns may be marked by a single impression at the time a new sheet is begun, or at such intervals as desired, and each individual workmans column thus provided with means of identification by which it may be distinguished even if separated from the sheet. The impressing-bar O is shown as normally held up by means of coiled springs 0 which are interposed between them.
The operation of a machine embodying my invention is as follows: The clock mechanism being in operation and the fixed type-wheel driven forward through a step-by-step movement at uniform intervals of time and the several key-levers being in their inward position, as shown in the drawings, each allotted to an individual workman, the first workman passing to his work-say in the forenoon-will pull out his individual key-bar. The first effect of the outward movement of said bar will be to bring the foremost slot h of said bar opposite the upturned end of the lower, which will enter the slot and by the cam action of the latter be passed through to the opposite side of the bar, thereby shifting the loose wheel up into locked contact with the fixed wheel, so as to thereafter rotate with the latter. The further movement of the keybar will bring the cam projection thereon into contact with the web of the rock-bar, and thus through the medium of the pawl-andratchet mechanism move the feed-roller forward a step to present an unprinted portion opposite the printing-point. A further movement of the key-bar brings the cam stud there on into engagement with the cam of the plunger, which is thus raised to oscillate the impressing-lever and cause the two type-wheels to record the character presented by them at'the printing-point at this time. Inasmuch as the loose wheel is always returned to zero by the preceding inward movement of the keybar, the characters presented by this wheel will obviously be a zero, or naught, while those presented by the other wheel will indicate the time of dayas, for instance, if the workman recorded at eight oclock his Before the key has fully reached the limit of its forward movement the upturned end of the shipping-lever will come opposite the second camslot of said bar, but owing to the direction of inclination of said slot it will be prevented from passing therethrough. Owing to the frictional resistance of the feed-roller and to the fact that the lost motion provided between the ribs m of the segmental arm m the pawl-carrying arm m permits the web or flange to swing down to a vertical position without causing said pawls to move the ratchet-wheel of the feed-roller, the pawls will remain in their uppermost position until the rock-bar is oscillated in the reverse direction by the cam projection of one of the key-levers, and the pawls thereby positively forced or drawn down. Obviously, therefore, after the first workman has recorded his time any number of succeeding key-bars may be drawn out without again moving the paper forward, and the succeeding pairs of typewheels will therefore register in a straight row or line across the paper or recordingsheet. Meantime while the workmen are coming in the clock mechanism is running, and at every interval of fifteen minutes the fixed type-wheel presents a new set of characters at the printing-point. Assuming that the second workman comes in and records at any time before the quarter-hour is past, his record will be the same as that of the first to register. Assuming that the third man records more than fifteen minutes after the clock has last moved the wheelsas, for instance, if he registers at sixteen minutes past eighthis record will be 8:15.03 As the workmen quit work each proceeds to the machine and pushes back his individual key-bar to its normal innermost position. As the first one to quit pushes in his bar its first action is to oscillate the rock-shaft and force the paper forward a step; next, to raise the plunger and oscillate the impressing-lever to make the record, and immediately after this occurs the rearmost slotof the key-lever comes opposite the upturned end of the shipping-lever, the latter passes through, and the loose typewheel is shifted over out of engagement with the fixed wheel and into position for its gear to intermesh with the rack-teeth of the keybar. The continued backward movement of the key-bar turns the loose wheel back to zero, at which point it is stopped by the engagement of its stud with the shipping-lever.
It will be obvious from the foregoing description that the records of the time of the several workmen will usually be in transverse rows or lines, while the records of each individ ual for consecutive intervals of time will always be in double columns, one of which will show the times of day at which each recorded interval commenced and ended and the other showing simply the hours and fractions of hours worked. Obviously it will usu ally be desirable to record a number of days or even weeks upon a sheet before it is 'removed from the machine. lVhen the sheet is taken from the machine, or at any desired time, each workmans total time maybe ascertained with the greatest facility by simply footing the columns showing the hours worked. The making of the record in compact sheet form in the manner described is a great improvement over the prior art, in which the record has usually been produced either in the form of time-tickets for each interval or in the form of a continuous strip or ribbon, upon which the time of each workman was recorded, not in individual columns, but all together in one column, from which the time of any particularworkman must be selected by means of identifying marks or numbers.
It is to be understood that the herein-described apparatus constitutes but one preferred means of performing my invention and that the same may be carried out in various other ways. It is also to be understood that the various details of construction of the apparatus described may be changed without departing from the spiritof the invention or the exercise of more than ordinary mechanical skillas, for instance, the clock mechanism may be arranged to move the recording-wheels forward at shorter intervals apart, or the clock may be located within the case or differently connected with the recording mechanism. These and analogous changes I claim as being within the scope of my invention.
I claim as my invention 1. A time-recording machine comprising a movable form bearing time-indicating characters, a clock mechanism having constant engagement with and actuating said form, a second backwardly and forwardly moving form also bearing time-indicating characters and located at one side of the movable form, locking means for detachably engaging the second form with and disengaging it from the clock mechanism and restoring means for moving backward the second form to its starting-point when disconnected from the clock mechanism.
2. A time-recording machine comprising a form bearing time-indicating characters, a clock mechanism having constant engagement with said form and moving it always in one direction, a second backwardly and forwardly moving form, also bearing time-indicating characters, manually-operated means for detachably engaging the second form with the clock mechanism, for releasing it from the same, and for moving said second form backwardly to its zero or starting point.
3. A time-recording machine comprising a movable printing-form, a clock mechanism having constant engagement with and actuating said form, a second, backwardly and forwardly moving form located at one side of the first form, means for detachably en gaging the second form with and disengaging it from the clock mechanism, restoring means for moving the second form backwardly to its starting-point when released from the clock mechanism, an impression device acting at once against both forms, and manually-operated means, actuating said engaging, disengaging and restoring means, and said im pression device. I
4. A time-recording machine comprising a movable printing-form, a clock mechanism having constant engagement with and actuating said form, a second, backwardly and forwardly moving form located at one side of the first form, means for detachably en gaging it from the clock mechanism, restoring means for moving the second form backwardly to its starting-point when released from the clock mechanism, an impression device acting at once against both forms and a reciprocatin g member having operative connection with said engaging and disengaging means, and with the form-restoring means and with the impression device, said reciprocating member being contracted to operate the form-engaging means and impression device when moved in one direction, and to operate the form-disengaging means, the impression device and the form-restoring means when moved in the opposite direction.
5. A time-recording machine comprising a frame, a main shaft revolnbly mounted therein, a ratchet-wheel non-rotatably mounted on the shaft, a clock mechanism acting on said ratchet-wheel to revolve it step by step, fast and loose type-wheels mounted upon said shaft, each having groups of printing characters spaced at corresponding intervals, means operating to lock the loose and fast wheels together and at the same time bring their groups of characters into register, and means for taking an impression of the combination of characters presented, substantially as set forth.
6. A time-recording machine comprising a frame, a main shaft mounted therein, a ratchet-wheel mounted 011 the shaft, a clock mechanism acting on said ratchet-wheel to revolve it step by step, fast and loose typewheels mounted on said shaft, and means for shifting the loose wheel into and out of e11- gagement with the fast wheel comprising a sliding bar arranged to extend transversely of the main shaft adjacent to said wheel, camsurfaces on said bar, and a shipping-lever engaged with the loose wheel and arranged to be acted upon by the cam-surfaces of the sliding bar, substantially as set forth.
7. A ti inc-recording machine, comprising a plurality of individual sets of printing-forms,
each set comprising a form actuated by clock mechanism and provided with printing cl1aractors for denoting the time of day, and a second normally stationary form provided with a series of progressive characters, mechanism adapted to lock said forms together, mechanisms for effecting their release from each other, a recording-sheet arranged to receive impressions from each set of printingforms, mechanism operated automatically at the locking together and also at the releasing from each other of the members of any set to effect an impression of said set, and mechanism operated automatically to move the recording-sheet each time an alternate locking together or unlocking of any set occurs,but arranged to remain inoperative when different sets are successivelyloeked together or successively unlocked, substantially as set forth.
S. In a time-recording machine comprising a main driven shaft provided with fast and loose wheels, means for shifting the loose wheel into and out of connection with the fast Wheel, comprising a shiftable bar arranged to extend transversely of the main shaft, and provided with cam surfaces thereon, a pivoted shipping-lever, engaged at one end with the loose wheel and provided with a cam proj ection adapted to be engaged by the cam-surfaces of the shiftable bar, substantially as set forth.
9. In a time-recordin g machine comprising a main driven shaft provided with fast and loose type-wheels, means for shifting the loose wheel into and out of connection with the fast Wheel comprising a shiftable bar arranged to extend transversely of the main shaft, two cam slots arranged to extend diagonally through said bar, a shipping-lever pivotally mounted between its ends, engaged at one end with the loose wheel, and provided at its other with a cam projection adapted to engage said cam-slots, substantially as set forth.
7 10. In a time-recording machine, the combination of a recording-sheet, a plurality of printing devices, each provided with a key and each adapted to print upon said sheet upon the reciprocation of the key in either direction, and mechanism operating to feed forward said sheet upon each reciprocation of a key in a direction the reverse of that of the last preceding key, but not upon the actuation of succeeding keys in the same direction, substantially as set forth.
11. In a time-recording machine, a sheetfeeding mechanism comprising a feed-roller, a ratchet-wheel operatively connected with the feed-roller, a plurality of shiftable keybars, a rock-shaft mounted transversely of and adjacent to said bars, a flange 0n the rockshaft, cam projections on the bars adapted to engage and oscillate the rock-shaft in both directions, pawls mounted on said rock-shaft and arranged to act alternately on the ratchetwheel of the feed-roller to turn it forward when the rock-shaft is oscillated in either direction, said pawls being connected with the rock-shaft by means permitting lost motion, whereby the pawls will remain in either position to which they are shifted until positively actuated in the opposite direction by the rock-bar, but the rock-bar is free to return to a position to be oscillated by the passage of each cam projection of the shiftable bars, substantially as described.
12. In a time-recording machine the combination of a main driven shaft, fast and loose type-wheels thereon, a recording-sheet, sheetfeeding mechanism, an impressing device and a shiftable key; said key being arranged to lock the loose wheel to the main shaft, actuate the sheet-feeding mechanism and operate the impressing device, when shifted in one direct-ion, and to release the loose wheel, actuate the feed mechanism, and operate the impressing device when shifted in the opposite direction, substantially as set forth.
13. In a time-recording machine the combination of a main driven shaft, fast and loose type-wheels thereon, arecording-sheet, sheetfeeding mechanism, an impressing device and a shiftable key; said key being arranged to lock the loose wheel to the main shaft, actuate the sheet-feeding mechanism and operate the impressing device, when shifted in one direction, and to release the loose wheel, return it to its startingpoint, actuate the feed mechanism and operate the impressing device when shifted in the opposite direction,substantially as set forth.
14:. A time-recording machine comprisinga plurality of printing-forms arranged side by side, a plurality of backwardlyand forwardly moving printing-forms arranged severally adjacent to the first-mentioned forms, a clock mechanism operatively connected with said first-mentioned forms and having constant engagement with the same, a plurality of separate locking devices for detachably engaging the second set of forms with, and disengaging them from, the clock mechanism, a plurality of separate restoring devices for moving backward the second set of forms to their starting-points, a continuous recordingsheet, of such width as to extend across all of the forms, a plurality of separate impression devices located at the side of the sheet opposite the forms and adapted to act separately on said forms, a sheet-actuating device for giving an intermittent advance movement to said sheet, and a plurality of manually-operated actuating devices giving movement severally to the engaging and disengaging devices, the restoring devices and the impression devices, and each of which is adapted to operate the sheet-actuating device.
15. A time-recording machine comprising a frame, a main shaft mounted thereon and provided with typewheels and means for r0- tating said shaft intermittently, comprising a ratchet-wheel, a clock mechanism, a cam mounted on one of the shafts thereof, provided with a cam-groove consisting of a series of alternate spirally and radially arranged portions, a sliding bar provided with a camstud engaging said cam-groove, and a pawl, actuated by said sliding bar, acting on the ratchet-wheel, substantially as set forth.
16. A time-recordin g machine comprising a frame, a main shaft mounted thereon and provided with type-wheels and means for rotating said shaft intermittently, comprising a ratchet-wheel, a clock mechanism, a cam mounted on one of the shafts thereof, pro-- vided with a cam-groove consisting of a series of alternate spirally and radially arranged portions, a sliding bar provided with a camstnd engaging said cam-groove, a pawl actuated by said sliding bar, acting on the ratchetwheel and a detent arranged to prevent the ratchet-wheel from backward movement,substantially as set forth.
17. A time-recording machine, comprising a printing-form, a recording-sheet and means for taking an impression on the recordingsheet, comprising a pivotally-mounted impressing lever, a shiftable bar, a plunger mounted adjacent to said bar, and in position to oscillate the impressing-lever, and a cam on the bar adapted to actuate the plunger, substantially as set forth.
18. A time-recording machine, comprising a printing-form, a recording-sheet, and means for taking an impression on the recordingsheet, comprising a pivotally-mounted impressing lever, a shiftable bar, a plunger mounted adjacent to said bar, and in position to oscillate the impressing-lever, and a cam on the bar adapted to actuate the plunger, when the latter isshifted in either direction, substantially as set forth.
19. A time-recording machine comprising a plurality of printing-forms arranged side by side, a clock mechanism having operative connection with said forms, acontinuous record-sheet, rollers supporting said sheet adjacent to said forms, a plurality of impressionlevers pivoted between their ends outside of the impression-sheet, and each having at one end a platen acting against an opposed form, and adapted for contact with the sheet at its opposite end, reciprocating, lever-actuating members located at the same side of the sheet with the forms, and acting through the sheet against the ends of the impression-levers to operate the latter, and manually-operated means for separately actuating said impression devices.
20. A mechanical movement for actuating a shipping-lever or the like, comprising a longitudinally-sliding bar, two cam-slots arranged to extend diagonally through said bar in substantially parallel planes, and a transversely-shiftable spring-pressed cam projection arranged adjacent to the bar and tending to stand in a plane Within the two opposite sides of said sliding bar, whereby said cam projection will enter and pass through each of said cam-slots when the bar is reciprocated to carry the slots past the same, substantially as set forth.
21. A time-recording machine comprising a frame, a main shaft mounted thereon and provided with type-wheels and means for rotating said shaft intermittently, comprising a ratchet-wheel provided with two series of ratchets, a clock mechanism, a cam mounted on one of the shafts thereof, provided with a cam-groove consisting of a series of alternate spirally and radially arranged portions, a sliding bar provided with a cam-stud engaging said cam-groove, a pawl actuated by said sliding bar and acting to move the ratchetwheel forward, a detent or stop also actuated by the sliding bar, arranged to engage the ratchet-wheel at the end of the forward movement of the sliding bar, whereby said wheel is prevented from being carried by momentum beyond a proper point, and a detent arranged to prevent the ratchet-wheel from backward movement, substantially as set forth.
22. In a time-recording machine, the combination of a clock-actuated main shaft, a fast and a loose printing-wheel mounted thereon, means for locking said loose wheel so as to rotate with the shaft and mechanism for returning it to a uniform starting-point comprising a gear connected with said wheel and a rack-bar adapted to bethrown into and out of mesh with said gear.
23. In a time-recording machine, the com bination of a clock-actuated main shaft, a fast and a loose printing-wheel mounted thereon, means for locking said loose wheel so as to rotate with the shaft and mechanism for returning it to a uniform starting-point comprising a gear-pinion mounted concentrically upon the hub of the loose wheel and havin at one side of its perimeter a flattened portion devoid of gear-teeth and a rack-bar adapted to be thrown into and out of mesh with the gear-pinion and arranged to coact with the flattened portion of the gear to permit the bar to traverse the gear beyond the end of the rack and prevent the gear from rotating.
2a. In a time-recording machine, the combination of a clock-actuated main shaft, a fast and a loose printing-wheel mounted thereon, means for shifting said loose wheel endwise upon the shaft into and out of engagement with the fast wheel and for returning it to a uniform startingpoint comprising a gear-pinion mounted concentrically upon the hub of the loose wheel, a shiftable rack-bar provided with a rack adapted to intermesh with said gear, a shipping-lever pivotally mounted between its ends and having one end engaged with said loose wheel and adapted for engagement at its other end with cam-slots in the rack-bar, a circumferential series of recesses in one of said wheels and a stud upon the other adapted to engage said recesses when the loose wheel is shifted toward the other and a stop upon the loose wheel adapted for engagement with a relatively-movablc part to arrest its rotation when it has been returned to its starting-point by the rack and pinion.
25. A time-recording machine comprisinga plurality of printing-forms arranged side by side, a clock mechanism operatively connected with said forms, a record-sheet, impression devices for pressing the sheet against the forms, a sheet-actuatin g device and a plurality of manually-operated, actuating members, said sheet-actuating device embracing a moving part which remains normally in position to be acted upon and moved by either one of said actuating members when the latter is moved in either direction, said moving part being connected with the part which immediately engages the sheet by means affording lost motion between said parts, so that the sheet is actuated by the first member which is moved in a direction opposite that of the last moved member.
26. In atime-recorder,the combination with the main frame, a main shaft and a plurality of clock-actuated type-wheels mounted thereon, of a swinging frame mounted to overhang said type-wheels, a plurality of impressinghammers, movably mounted in said swinging frame and adapted to cooperate with the typewheels, and a continuous-web recording-sheet mounted upon rolls carried by the swinging frame and arranged to extend between the impressing-faces of the hammers and typewheels. v
27. In a time-recorder,the combination with the main frame, a main shaft and a plurality of clock-actuated type-wheels mounted thereon, of a swinging frame mounted to overhang said type wheels, a plurality of impressing hammers, movably mounted in said swinging frame and adapted to cooperate with the typewheels, and a continuous-web recording sheet mounted upon rolls carried by the swinging frame and arranged to extend between the impressing-faces of the hammers and typewheels, feed mechanism for moving the recording-sheet, mounted in the main frame and driving connections between said feed mechanism and one of the rolls carried by the swinging frame.
28. In a time-recorder, the combination with the main frame, a main shaft and a plurality of clock-actuated type-wheels mounted there on, of a swingingframe mounted to overhang said type-wheels, a plurality of impressinghammers, movably mounted in said swinging frame and adapted to cooperate with the type- Wheels, and a continuous-web recording-sheet mounted upon rolls carried by the swinging frame and arranged to extend between the impressing-faces of the hammers and typewheels, feed mechanism for moving the recording-sheet, mounted in the main frame and driving connections between said feed mechanism and one of the rolls carried by the swinging frame, said feed mechanism being arranged to move out of or into driving engagement with the driving connections as the swinging frame is swung out of or into operative positions, respectively.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention I affix my signature, in presence of two witnesses, this 30th day of April, A. D. 1895 U JOHN IV. DEUBNER,
ALBERT H. GRAVES, HENRY W- CARTER
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|US600259A true US600259A (en)||1898-03-08|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|US600259D Expired - Lifetime US600259A (en)||detjbner|
Country Status (1)
|US (1)||US600259A (en)|
Cited By (1)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|US2433118A (en) *||1947-12-23||Daily and weekly time recorder|
- US US600259D patent/US600259A/en not_active Expired - Lifetime
Cited By (1)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|US2433118A (en) *||1947-12-23||Daily and weekly time recorder|
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