US598876A - Joseph leslie kizer - Google Patents

Joseph leslie kizer Download PDF

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US598876A
US598876A US598876DA US598876A US 598876 A US598876 A US 598876A US 598876D A US598876D A US 598876DA US 598876 A US598876 A US 598876A
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record
drawer
cash
strips
wheel
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06CDIGITAL COMPUTERS IN WHICH ALL THE COMPUTATION IS EFFECTED MECHANICALLY
    • G06C7/00Input mechanisms
    • G06C7/10Transfer mechanisms, e.g. transfer of a figure from a ten-key keyboard into the pin carriage

Description

2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
(No Model.)
J. L.KIZER. CASH REGISTER.
.Pa tented Feb. 8, 1898.
2 SheetsSh 2,
(No Madel.)
J. L. KIZER.
CASH REGISTER.
Patented Feb. 8, 1898.
UNITED STATES PATENT FFICE.
JOSEPH LESLIE KIZER, OF LOUISIANA, MISSOURI.
CASH-REGISTER.
SPECIFICA'IION forming part of Letters Patent No. 598,876, dated February 8, 1898. Application filed January 25, 1897. Serial No. 620,640. (No model) T0 aZZ w7t0m it mcty concern:
Be t known that I, JOSEPH LESLIE KIZER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Louisiana, in the county of Pike and State of Missouri, have invented a new and useful Cash- Register, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to improvements in cash-registers.
The object of the present invention is to improve the construction of cash registers and to provide a simple and comparatively inexpensive one adapted t0 print and record the sales andeapable of exposing in large figures the amount of the sales to the purehasers and of conveniently arranging in small figures the amount of the sales in order to make only a small 01 eomparatively short eolumn to be adcled by the operator when it is desired t0 ascertain the total amount of the sales.
A further object of the invention is te provide a cash-register which willsound an alarm eacl1 time the cash-drawer is opened and which will render it impossible to open the said drawer without indieating it on the recorcl-strips.
The invention eonsists in the eonstruction and novel combination and arrangement of parts, as hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the drawings, and pointed 01113 in the claims hereto appended.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a longitndinal sectional view of a cash-register constructed in accordance with this invention. Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional view. Fig. 3 is a detail view illustrating the arrangement of the record-strips and the inkribbon. Fig. 4 is a detail view illustrating the marmer of mounting the rolls or winding up the record-strips. Fig. 5 is a detail view of the ratchet-lever. Fig. 6 is a sectional view showing a modifieation of the recordstrip-actuating device. Fig. 7 is a detail view illustrating a modification of the inking device.
Like numerals of reference designate corresponding parts in the figures of the draw- 1ngs.
1 designates a case or eabinet provided at its bottom with a money-drawer 2 and having a standard 01 support 3 mounted upon the top of it. The case orcabinet maybe constructed of any suitable material, and the standard 3, which has its lower portion forked, has a vertically-movable shaft 0r spindle 4 mounted up0n it. 'lhe shaft 01 spindle 4, which is disposed horizontally, carries a rotary printingwheel 5 and is arranged in slots 6 of the up per portion of the standard, which is hollow and which receives a eoiled spring 7. The coiled spring,which supports the shaft 01 spindle 4 and which holds the same normally at the upper ends of the slots 6, is mounted on a vertieal r0d 8, which forms a guide for the shaft or spindle et.
The rotary printing device consists of the disk or wheel 5, which is provided at its periphery with a series of straight faces receiving type 9 and 10, and the latter are of different sizes the larger being arranged to print 011 a record-strip 11 and the smaller 011 a record-strip 12. The larger 0r wider record-strip is designed to expose the figures to the view of eustomers, so that they may see at a glance the amount of the sale, and the narrower strip is designed for the convenience of the operator and has the numbers eompactly arranged in order to make a comparatively small column of figures t0 facilitate their addition.
The rotary printing-wheel may be provided with any number of straight peripheral 'aces and any number of type-n umerals may be provided, and in addition to sueh type-numerals some of the faces, as indicated in Fig. 2 of the aeeompanying drawings, may be supplied with such words as N 0 sale, Charge, or the like to indicate on the record-strips the reason f0r opening the cash -drawer. The front face of the printingwheel is provided with a series of numerals eorrespondingwith these 011 the peripheral faces, and the printing device is rotated by means of a centrallyarranged knol) 0r handle 13. T0 operate the cash-register, the handleof the printing device is grasped and the wheel rotated to bring the proper numeral opposite the record-strips 11 and 12, and the wheel is then forced downward, printing the amount upon the strips.
The record-strips 11 and 12, which are pref erably, respectively, an inch and a half-inch wide, are unwound from rolls of paper mounted 011 a shaft 14, which is journaled or otherwise supported in a hanger 15, and the said strips extend upward and forward to a front slot 1G, through which they pass and are extended rearward along the top of the cabinet to a rear slot 17. An ink-ribbon 18, which is located above and disposed transversely of the record-strips, extends through slots 19 of the top of the case or oabinet and is arranged on reels 20. The ribbon 18 is supported by strips 21 or any other suitable 1neans for holding it normally out of contact With the record-strips to prevent the latter from being smeared, and an elastic bed 22, of rubber or other suitable material, is mounted on the top of the cabinet and located beneath the record-stripsto cushion the printing device.
The record-strips 11 and 12 are wound up on rolls 23 and 24, fixed to a shaft 25 and varying in diameter, whereby when the shaft 25 is partially rotated to advance the record-strips the wider one, which oarries the larger lignres, is advanced to a greater extent than the narrower one, which has the smaller figures compactly arranged on it.
The shaft 25 carries a ratchet-wheel 26, which is engaged and actuated by a ratchetlever 27, fulcrumed between its ends on the hanger 15 and provided at its rear end with a pawl 28, arranged to engage the ratchetteeth of the wheel 26. The ratchet-teeth are arranged on one of the side faces of the wheel 26 and are engaged bv the lower end of the pawl 28, whereby When the rear portion of the ratchet-lever 27 moves downward the ratchetwheel will be rotated forward the distance of one of its teeth.
The front end of the lever 27 is connected with a vertically-reciprocatin g rod 29, normally maintained in an elevated position by a coiled spring 30 and having its upper end arranged to be engaged by a series of pins 31 of the printing device. The pins 31, which are arranged horizontally, are mounted on the front face of the printing-wheel, being disposed centrally of the straight peripheral faces, whereby when one of the latter is arranged over the record-strips a pin will lie directly above the rod 29. By this arrangement the pins 31 serx e as guides, and if the printing-wheel is turned until one of the pins 31 is directly over the rod 29 and is pushed down it will always insure the proper position of the type for an impression. The upper end of the rod is provided With a seat te receive the pins 31, and the spring 30 is supported by a hanger 32 and is connected at its upper end to the rod 29. \Vl1en the rod 29 is moved downward by the printing device, the pawl 28 is carried upward and does not affect the ratchet-wheel or the rolls 23 and 24; but when the hand is removed from the knob or handle of the printing device the spring 7 returns the latter to its initial position and the spring 30 moves the rod 29 upward, forcing the pawl 28 downward and partially rotating the ratchet-wheel. By this construction the record-strips are advanced and the wider one is carried forward sufficiently to expose the numerals, indicating the amount of the sale to the view of a custo1ner, so that he aan readily see whether the correct amount has been registered.
The lower end of the vertically-rnovable rod 29 is arranged to engage a longitudinal locking-lever 33, fulcrurned between its ends and having its rear portion or arrn heavier than the front portion and adapted to engage the back of the cash-drawer 2, whereby the latter is retained in its closed position and is prevented fro1n being opened without indicating the fact on the record-strips. The back of the drawer is provided With a slot 34, and when the rod. 29 is moved downward the rear end of the lever is lifted out of engagement with the cash-drawer and is brought opposite the slot or opening 34. The cash-drawer is then thrown outward by a coiled spring 35, interposed between the inner end of the drawer and the rear of the cabinet in position to be compressed when the cash-drawer is forced inward to close it. The locking-lever 33 engages the cash drawer automatically When the same is closed and locks it, as will be readily apparent.
A bell 36 is secured to the back or inner end of the cash-drawer and is struck when the drawer is opened by a hamrner 37, fulcrun1ed between its ends on a stern 38 and engaged by a curved spring 39. The stem 38 is (lisposed centrally of the bell and extends rear- Ward beyond the same, and the curved spring 39, which engages the upper end of the bellhamn1er 37, is eornpressed when the drawer is closed, as illustrated in Fig. 1 of the accornpanying drawings, whereby when the drawer is opened the spring 39 will throw the upper end of the bell-harnmer rearward, causing the lower end of the same to strike the bell.
Should the drawer be opened by operating the printing device, so that the type does not actually con1e in contact with the nk-ribbon or the record-strips, the latter Will be advanced and a blank spaee Will be left on each record strip, thereby indicating that the drawer has been opened without registering a sale or any other character of the printing device.
In Fig. 6 of the accompanying drawings is illnstrated a modification of the actuatin g device for advancing the reoordstrips. In this construction the ratchet-wheel 40 is provided With internal teeth, which are engaged by a pawl 41 of a depending ratchet-lever 42, and the latter is fulcrurned at its upper end on the shaft of the ratchet -wheel 40 and. has its lower portion arranged to be engaged and forced rearward by a post or arn1 43 of the cash drawer. When the cash drawer is opened, the lever is thrown forward by a spring 44 the distance of one of the teeth of the ratchet-wheel 40, whereby when the drawer is closed the arrn or post 43 will swing the lever 42 rearward and rotate the ratchetwheel partially.
Instead of inking the printing device by means of a ribbon yieldingly mounted inkingrolls 45 may be located at opposite sides of the standard or support. The inking-rolls 45, whicl1 may be arranged in any suitable form of supports, are held in contact with the peripl1ery of the printingwvheel by springs, and they have suflicient move1nent to permit the printing-wheel to force thern apart as it moves downward during the operation of the cash-register.
The top of the case or cabinet is hinged at the back and may be swung; u pward to afford access to the record-strips,and a suitable locking device is designed to be provided for se curing the front or free edge of the top of the cabinet to the body portion.
It will be seen that the cash-register is sim ple and comparatively inexpensive in construction, that it is positive and reliable in operation, and that it is capable of printing the amounts of the sales and of exposing them in position to be readily seen by the ons tomers, and also of arranging then1 compactly, so that they may be conveniently added by the operator when it is desired to ascertain the total amount of the sales. It Will also be apparent that the cash-drawer cannot be opened without sounding the bell, and that eacl1 time the cash-drawer is opened will be indicated by the record-strips.
Changes in the form, proportion, and minor details of construction may be resorted to without departing from the spirit or sacriiicing any of the advai1tages of this invention.
What is clairned is.
1. In a device of the class described, the
combination of a cabinet provided with a cash-drawer, a locking device for holding the same closed,a vertically-movable rod adapted to operate the said locking device for releasing the cash-drawer, a vertically-m ovable rotary printing device provided at its periphery with type and having an annular series of pins extending from one of its faces and arranged t0 engage the vertically-movable rod, a record-strip extending beneath the rotary printing device in position to be engaged by said type, a ratcl1et-wheel connected With the record-strip, and a ratchet-lever engaging the ratchet-wheel and arranged to be operated by the said mechanisn1, whereby tl1e recordstrip Wll be advanced after the printing operation has been completed, substantially as descriloed.
2. The combination of a cabinet, a cashdrawer, a locking-lever arranged to engage the cash-drarver to hold the san1e closed, a vertically-movable r0d 1nounted in the case 01 cabinet and arranged to engage the said lever, a record-strip, a ratchetwheel connected with and adapted to advance the record-strip, a ratchet-lever connected with and actuated by said rod and en gagin g the ratcl1etwheel, and a VICLIY-IIJOVLbIG rotary print ing device arranged to engage the record-strip and provided with a series of projecting pins to actuate the vertically-movable rod, sub stantially as described.
3. In a device of the class described, the co1nbination of a cabinet, record-strips, rolls of different diametersrotating togetl1er and receiving and adapted to advance the recordstrips unequally, a printing device carrying type-numerals of different sizes to correspond with the movement of the record-strips, and means for advancing the record-strips after the printing operation has been completed, substantially as described.
4:. In a device of the class described, the combination of.a cabinet provided with a hollow slotted standard, a sl1aft passing through the slot of the standard and capable of verti cal movement, a spring housed in the hollow standard and supporting the shaft and holding the sa1ne normally elevated, and a vertically-disposed rotary printing-wheel mounted on the sl1aft and provided at its peripl1ery with type, substantially as descriloed.
5. In a device of the class described, the combination of a cabinet, a vertical printin gwheel provided at its periphery with type and capable of vertical movement, a record-strip arranged to be engaged by the type, a series of pins carried by the printingwheel, a movable 10d arranged to be engaged by the pins, a locking device forl1olding a cash-drawer losed arranged to be operated by the movable rod, and mechanism operated by the 10d for advancing the record-strip, substantially as described.
6. In a device of the class described, the combination of a cabinet provided With a drawer, a bell mounted on and carried by the drawer, a lever fulcrun1ed between its ends in rear of the bell and having one end arranged to be engaged by the cabinet when the drawer is closed, and having its ether end arranged to strike the loell and a spring engaging the lever and arranged to be compressed by the drawer in closing and adapted to throw the lever into contact with the bell when the drawer is opened, substantially as described.
7. In a device of the class described, the combination of a cabinet, a vertically-movable rotary printing-wheel provided at its pe riphery With type, a record-strip arranged to be engaged by the type, an inking device comprising a pair of yieldingly-mounted rolls located at opposite sides of the printing-wheel and adapted to be spread apart by the same in the downward movement thereof, and actuating mechanism operated by the printing device for ady ancing the recordstrip, substantially as described.
8. The combination of a cabinet provided With a casl1- drawer, a locking device for l1o1d ing the same, a record strip, a verticallymovable rod, connections between the recordstrip, the locking mechanis1n and the rod, and a vertically-rnovable rotary printing- Wheel carrying a handle and provided at its perphery wth type, sad printing-wheel havmy own I have hereto affixed my signature in ng 2m annu1ar series of pns extendng horthe presence of two witnesses.
zonta11y f1om one of ts faces and. arranged t0 engage the upper end of the vertcally-mov- JOSEPH LESLIE KIZER' 5 able rod, substantally as and for the purpose \Vtnessesz described. FRED. D. STICHTER,
In testmony bhat I claim the foregong as JOHN WILSON.
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