US592844A - waite - Google Patents

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US592844A
US592844A US592844DA US592844A US 592844 A US592844 A US 592844A US 592844D A US592844D A US 592844DA US 592844 A US592844 A US 592844A
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air
impulses
connected
apparatus
circuit
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/02Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes heated or cooled
    • A61H2201/0207Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes heated or cooled heated

Description

(No Model.) 2 Sheet s-Sheet 1.

H. E. WAIT-E. v APPARATUS FOR ELEUTRIOALLY TREATING DISEASES.

No. 592,844. Patent ed Nov. 2, 1897.

n: Norms PETERS mayo-mun. WASNINGTON n c (No Model.) 2 SheetsSheet 2.

H. E. WAITE. APPARATUS FOR ELEGTRIGALLY TREATING DISEASES. No. 592,844. Patented Nov. 2, 1897.

aimed:

z'rzns 00 PHDTO-LITHO., WASHINGTON, p. c.

UNHED STATES PATENT @rricn,

HENRY E. WAITE, OF NEYV YORK, N. Y.

APPARATUS FOR ELECTRICALLY TREATING DISEASES.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 592,844, dated November 2, 1897.

Application filed August 11, 1897. Serial No. 647,869. (No model.)

-.and especially in connection with an electric current; and my present invention has for its object to provide a simple, convenient, and effective apparatus whereby certain portions of the human body may be simultaneously subjected to massaging action and an electric current; and to these ends my invention consists in an apparatus embodying the features of construction and arrangement substantially as hereinafter more particularly pointed out.

Referring to the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a plan view showing the apparatus. Fig. 2 is a diagrammatic view of the electric and pneumatic connections, and Fig. 3 is a transverse section through the case shown in Fig. 1.

While my invention may be applied to the treatment of various forms of diseases and in various ways, I have shown it embodied in an apparatus adapted to treat diseases of the ear wherein it has been found desirable to subject the parts of the ear to the action of a series of impulses or pulsations of air and at the same time to the action of an electric current, and while the details of construction and arrangement may be varied I will now proceed to describe the embodiment illustrated herein. Y I

In a suitable case A are arranged the working apparatus for causing the current and impulses, and the connecting or conducting apparatus is adapted to be connected to the ap paratus in the case when in use, and when not in use to be conveniently inclosed in the case for transportation, a cover A being arranged to close the case. Conveniently arranged in the case are the battery-cells B, one or more, they being of any well-known style, preferably of what is known as a dry battery, and these are connected to the binding-posts B, which in turn are respectively connected with a switch 0 on one side and a switch D 011 the other, so that when one or both of the switches are open the battery is not excited.

Arranged within the case and preferably mounted on the partition or platform A are two .inductoriuins E F, and the primary circuit extends from the switch 0 by the conductor 1 around the core of the inductorium E and thence by the conductor 2 around the core of the inductorium F to a point From thence a conductor 4 branches to a contact 5, having a key 6, connected to a conductor 7, leading to contact 8 of switch D. WVhen the switch D is on the contact 8, by pressing the key 6 single impulses may be sent through the primary at any desired rate of speed, constituting, as it were, a hand-interrupter.

In order to furnish electric impulses of regular speed and of a uniform character, I provide one or more automatic interrupters-of the primary circuit, and in the present instance the core F of the inductorium F is extended to form a pole F for a vibrator G, which is in the form of a spring mounted on a standard G and having an armature g and an adjustable contact g. The standard G is connected to the conductor 3 by a branch 9, and the contact-point g is connected by a conductor 10 to the contact-point 11 of the switch D. When the switch is in the position shown in Fig. 2, the circuit of the primary is through the interrupter G, and it will be seen that the primary circuit of both of the inductoriums is uniformly and simultaneously interrupted.

The interrupter G is arranged to operate at a relatively high rate of speed, and it is desirable to produce varying speeds much slower than with the ordinary interrupter, and for this purpose I provide a second interrupter II, which consists of a magnet H, a springarm H mounted on the standard H and carrying an armature h, a contact h, connected by conductor 12 with a contact 13 of switch D, and attached to the arm H is a rod Y H, upon which is mounted an adjustable weight H The, magnet 11 is connected to IOO interrupter II, and by varying the position of the weight H the primary circuit through the inductoriums may be uniformly and sim nltaneou sly interrupted at any desired rate.

In order to produce the desired pulsations in the air to effect the massage operation upon the ear, I provide an earpiece I, preferably bifurcated and having metallic tips I to enter the orifice of the ear, and this is connected bya flexible pipe I to the case 1 containing a metallic diaphragm I. The tube or case is provided with a cutoff valve I, by means of which the force of the air impulses or pulsations may be graduated. duce these impulses with regularity, the n1agnet J is arranged beneath the diaphragm I, and the coil J of the magnet is connected in the secondary circuit of one of the induetoriums as, for instance, in the circuit 15, which includes the secondary winding of the inductorium I The impulses in this secondary depend of course upon the number of makes and breaks in the primary of the ind uctorium, and these, as before explained, depend upon whether one or the other of the interrupters G or II is in the primary circuit and the way the latter is adjusted. The coils J of the eleetromagnet J are alternately energized and deenergized, operating on the diaphragm I, producing air impulses or pulsations in the tube and earpiece I, thereby producing a massage effect on the ear-drums when the tube is in proper position.

It has been found an advantage to applya secondary circuit or faradic currents to the earsimultaneously with the massaging action, and in order that these currents may be uniform and simultaneous with the air-impulses I connect the earpiece with the secondary circuit of the induetorium E. Thus the secondary winding 10 of the induetorium E is conneeted to the earpiece, as at 'i, and the other end of the winding is connected to an electrode K of any of the usual forms, which is adapted to be held in the hand of the opera tor or applied to any portion of his body while the ear-tubes are in position, thus completing the circuit or taradic current through portions of the body. The metaliic portions of the ear-tubes are preferably covered with insulatin g material at e" for convenience of handling.

In order to control the intensity of the faradic currents, the usual sheath E may embrace the coils of the inductorium E, and this may be operated by a knob E projecting through a slot in the platform A The electric conductors 16 may be detachabl y connected with binding-screws L L on the platform. IVith this arrangement it will be seen that air-impulses of any desired rate and strength may be applied to the drum of the ear and at the same time far-adie currents equal in number and rate with the air-im pulses may be In order to prosent through the parts treated, and these may be arranged at any desired speed by the use of one or the other of the interrupters G or Ii, each of which on the manipulation of the switch D is connected in the primary of both of the inductoriums. 3y manipulating the hand-key 6 single impulses both of air and electricity can be sent through the parts ai' flicted at any desired rate of speed.

The apparatus described is simple in character and effective in use and not liable to get out of order and can be conveniently carried in the case A.

\Vhat I claim is- 1. In an apparatus for treating disease, the combination with an air-impulse device, of an electric-impulse device arranged so that the air and electrical impulses shall be simnt taneous, substantially as described.

2. In an apparatus for treating disease, the combination with an air-impulse device and a faradie-current device, of electrical connections for producing the air and electrical impulses, and a single circuit including an interrupter so that the air and electrical impulses shall be simultaneous, substantially as described.

In an apparatus for treating disease, the combination with an air-impulse device, of a magnet and a secondary winding for opcral; ing it, a 'faradic-impulse device, a single primary for operating both devices, and an interrupter included in the circuit of the primary, substantially as described.

1-. In an apparatus for treating disease, the combination with an air-impulse device comprising a diaphragm, a tube and earpiece, of a magnet for operating the diaphragm, two inductoriums, the secondaryof one of which is connected with the magnet and the secondary of the other of which is connected with the earpiece, and a single primary including an interrupter, substantially as described.

5. In an apparatus for treating disease, the combination with an air-impulse device comprising a diaphragm tube and earpiece, of a valve arranged in the tube to control the strength of the impulses, substantially as de scribed.

6. The combination with an airimpulse device, of a magnet for operating it, a secondary circuit connected with the air-impulse device, two ind uctoriums for producing air-impulses and faradic currents, and a single primary including an interrupter, substantially as described.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.

HENRY it. Willllt.

Witnesses:

BENJ. L. W. llanuunn,

iriconcn W. llictmzn.

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2632447A (en) * 1948-05-12 1953-03-24 Cowan Mfg Co Electric applicator
US3875932A (en) * 1973-03-02 1975-04-08 How F Wachspress Audiotactile stimulation and communications system
US3954101A (en) * 1973-03-02 1976-05-04 Wachspress How F Audiotactile communication system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2632447A (en) * 1948-05-12 1953-03-24 Cowan Mfg Co Electric applicator
US3875932A (en) * 1973-03-02 1975-04-08 How F Wachspress Audiotactile stimulation and communications system
US3954101A (en) * 1973-03-02 1976-05-04 Wachspress How F Audiotactile communication system

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