US589535A - Egbert w - Google Patents

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US589535A
US589535A US589535DA US589535A US 589535 A US589535 A US 589535A US 589535D A US589535D A US 589535DA US 589535 A US589535 A US 589535A
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chamber
air
pneumatic
sheet
music
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10HELECTROPHONIC MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
    • G10H1/00Details of electrophonic musical instruments
    • G10H1/0033Recording/reproducing or transmission of music for electrophonic musical instruments
    • G10H1/0041Recording/reproducing or transmission of music for electrophonic musical instruments in coded form
    • G10H1/005Recording/reproducing or transmission of music for electrophonic musical instruments in coded form on magnetic tape

Description

(No Model.)

R. W. PAIN. ELECTROPNEUMATIG MUSICAL INSTRUMENT.

No. 589.535. Patented Sept. 7,1897.

INVENTOR WITNESSES:

w M BY WWQ UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

ROBERT \Y. PAIN, OF NEYV YORK, N. Y., ASSIGNOR TO THE AEOLIAN COMPANY, OF SAME PLACE.

ELECTROPNEUM'ATIC M USICAL INSTRUMENT.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 589,535, dated September 7, 1897.

Application filed May 13, 1896. Serial No. 591.344. (N0 model.)

1'0 all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, ROBERT \V. PAIN, a citizen of the United States, residing at New York, in the county of New York and State of New York, have invented a certain new, useful, and valuable Improvement in Electropneumatic Musical Instruments, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact descrip tion.

My present invention relates to electropneumatic musical instruments, and particularly to that class of such instruments as are operated by a perforated music-sheet which travels over a tracker-board and controls a series of pneumatic keys, which in turn bring into operation the respective sounding devices of one or more musical instruments.

IIeretofore serious difliculty has been experienced in eiifecting the proper operation of the perforated music-sheet directly under the pressure system, whereas my invention obviates such difliculties.

As a further object my invention provides the special combination and arrangement of parts such as will be hereinafter fully described.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a transverse vertical section of my primary ac tion. Fig. 2 is a similar View of a pipe-organ action. Fig. 3 is a similar view of a piano action, and Fig. 4 is a detailed front view of the lower left-hand corner of my in usic-holder.

Like numerals of reference indicate corresponding parts differently shown in the several views.

Proceeding with a detailed description of my invention I will first take up my primary action which comprises the music-sheet chamber 1, into which air is led under pressure, and the intermediate action 2, which latter pneumatically controls the pipe-organ 3 and electrically controls the piano-action 4-, all as will be hereinafter fully described. \Vithin the said music-sheet chamber or pressure-box 1 is arranged the delivery-spool 5, to which one end of the music-sheet 6 is permanently secured, and the take-up roller '7, to which the other end of the music-sheet is detachably secured and which is given movement through any suitable system of gears,

whereby it propels said music-sheet and drags it over the tracker-range 8, having a series of apertures or air-ducts 9, with which the perforations in the said m usic-sheet register in passing thereover. In front of said music-chamher 1 is arranged, in suitable guideways 1O 11 12, a sliding door 13, preferably made of some transparent material, and the lower left-hand corner of which, when the dooris being closed, rides upon and depresses the blade-sprin g 14:, which in turn bears down the pin 15 and depresses the valve 11', opens the valve-seat 17, which allows the air under pressure to enter through the inlet-pipe IS (the air-pressure is always in the chambers 19 and 20) into the primary chamber 19, into the lead-chamber 20, through the said valve-seat 1'7 and duct 21 into the primary pneumatic 22, which it instantly expands, its leaf 23 in its movement acting upon the valve-rod 24, which in turn throws open the valve 25 and now allows the compressed air to enter the main chamber 26 through the opening 27. Instantly the sliding door starts to open, a complete reversal of the action just described takes place2'. 0., the two valves 16 25 close simultaneously with the opening of the sliding door 13 and confine the compressed air within the primary chamber 19 and lead-chamber 20, thus preventing any escape of air, which would otherwise occur whenever the slidin door was open ed,and the value of this automatic cutting off and cutting 011 of air into the main chamber 26 cannot be too highly estimated,especially where a number of instruments are supplied from one main bellows or reservoir, in which case such a large waste of air as would ordinarily take place through the opening of a door in a confinin g-chamber would prevent the operation of all instruments connected to the main bellows, and even with isolated or independent instruments the waste of air in such case would be such as to require appreciably more pumping by the feet or otherwise to refill the bellows and communicating air-chambers each time the sliding door might be opened, which is frequently done, owing to the fact that no other means is available whenever it is desired to obtain access to the musicsheet, and the door is made transparent for the obvious purpose of enabling the performer to properly gage the rate of travel of the sheet and see any characters printed thereon to indicate changes of tempo, stops, &c.

Having described the automatic operation of my improved sliding door and the functions performed thereby, I will now proceed with a description of the music-chamber or pressure-box 1, inclosed thereby, and more particularly of the action of the music-sheet t5 and parts coacting therewith.

lVe will assume that the sliding door 13 is closed and that the music-chamber 1 is filled with compressed air and that the music-sheet 6 is being propelled slowly by the take-up roller 7. As heretofore explained, the perforations in the m usi z-sheet are arranged to registerwith the port-holes 9 in the tracker-range 8, each of which port air-duct holes 9 opens into a separate duct 28, leading to the initial pneumatic 29, arranged in a chamber 2t having iree communication with the atmosphere, as shown. The latter is caused to instantly expand whenever a perforation in the music-sheet registers with its respective porthole 9 and allows a portion of the compressed air within the main chamber to rush through its duct 28 and act to expand said initial pneu matic'iO, which may be considered as completing the action of the music-chamber l. The particular construction of this chamber is independently valuable, inasmuch as I contemplate adapting it to other uses or combining it to other actions than those shown here.

I will now describe what I have termed my intermediate action I would first explain that the functions of this action are to receive pulsations of any of the series of initial pneumatics 29, arranged in an open air chant ber, as shown, and transmit them pneumatically to the pipe-organ 3 and electrically to the piano-ac tion t, as hereinbefore intimated. To these ends I connect to the upper or movable leaf 30 of the initial pneumatic 29 the reciprocating rod 31,11 ormally held downward by the coil-spring 32 and working loosely through the bearings 33 To the upper portion of said rod 31 I rigidly secure the upper and lower disks 35 36, forming a double puppet-valve within the chamber 37 and acting to alternately open and close the openings 38 39 therein upon the movement of said red 31, the opening 39 being normally closed and the opening 38 normally open, as shown in the drawings, in which position the said valvechamber 37, supplychamber 40, contactchamber 4:1, as well as the pipe-organ pneumatics 43, are all filled with air under pressure from the said supply-chamber 40. Immediately the rod 31 is raised by the pneumatic 29 the valve closes the opening-aperture 3S, cutting ot't' the supply of compressed air from supply-chamber l0, unclesing the opening 3.), which instantly ventsthe valve-chamber 37, as well as the contactehamber i1, thus allowing the pneumatic l i therein to be expanded by compressed air from chamber 48, and also allowing the pipeorgan pneumatic to be closed by compressed air in the chamber i5, thereby causing the connection l0 to open the valve 4-? and sound its pipes i8 it). The effect of the expanding of the pneumatic ii is to cause its connection-rod 50 to throw the metallic contact-sprin g 51 against the oppositely-arranged contact 52, thereby completing the electric circuit through the conducting-wires 53 5t.

The piano-action l is preferably located at some distance from the primary action and has an independent exhaust-chamber 55, by which air is exhausted from the duct 56 and the pneumatic 57, causing the latter to collapse and force the connected striker-rod 5S upward against the piano-key 59 whenever the eleetromagnet (it) becomes energized and attracts its armature G1 upward, thereby raising the valve-rod (32, closing the valve-di l: 63, and causing the valve-disk ($5 to uncover the opening 66 and allow the duct 56 and pneumatic 57 to be exhausted, as hereinbei'ore described.

In order to prevent the armature (31 from contacting with the poles (37 of the magnets (30, I employ the cushioned bumper-rod (J8, adjustably secured in said armature and arranged to impinge the bumper-post (59, located between the magnets, as shown, and adapted to allow the armature to closely approach the poles 67 of the magnets without actually striking them and making a noise.

I contemplate connecting any desired number of organs orpianos to my one primary action, and numeroas minor changes may be made in the combination and arrangement of parts herein shown without avoiding the spirit of my invention, as what I claim, broadly, is-

1. In a musical instrument the combination *ith a compressed-air chamber inclosing the operatin music-sheet, of a movable door for aiiording access to the interior of said chamber, and mechanism operated respectively by the opening and closing of said door, to con trol the entrance of air to said chamber, sub stantially as described.

In a musical instrument, the combination with a compressed air chamber, the tracker-range, music-sheet and delivery and take-up rollers arranged in said chamber, of a sliding door opcratin g to close said chamber air-tight, and mechanism operated by said door when the latter is closed to effect the admission of compressed air to said chamber from a suitable source of supply,substantially as described.

3. In a musical instrument, the combination with a compressed-air chamber inclosing the operating music-sheet, of a sliding door for alter-ding access to said sheet, and mcchanism ogerated by said door when the latter is closed to eiliect the admission of COli11')l'0SSO(l air to said chamber from a suitable source oi supply, substantially as described.

4. In a musical instrument, the combination with a compressed-air chamber inclosing the operating music-sheet, of a sliding door for affording access to said sheet, a source of supply for normally supplying compressed air to the compressed-air chamber, and mechanism operated by said door When the latter is opened to shut off the supply of compressed air to said chamber, substantially as described.

5. In a musical instrument, the combination With a compressed-air chamber inclosin g the operating music-sheet, of a movable door for affording access to the interior of said chamber, a primary chamber 19, having a passage leading into the compressed air chamber, a valve for closing said passage, a pneumatic arranged within the compressed air chamber, a connection between the said valve and pneumatic, an air-passage leading from the primary chamber to said pneumatic, and a valvelG controlling the entrance of air to said pneumatic, said latter-named valve being operated by the opening and closing of the door, substantially as described.

6. The combination with a compressed-air chamber, of an initial pneumatic, a trackerrange having a duct communicating With said pneumatic, a music-sheet arranged to travel in the compressed air chamber over the tracker-range and controlling the admission of air to said initial pneumatic, a pneumatically-operated musical instrument, a contactchamber, a pneumatic arranged in said contact-chamber, and operating to make and break an electric circuit through suitable connections to operate the musical instrument, an intermediate chamber, a duct leading from said contact-chamber to said intermediate chamber, and a double puppet-valve controlling said latter-named chamber, said Valve being connected With and raised by the said initial pneumatic, substantially as described.

7. The combination with a compressed-air chamber, of an initial pneumatic, a trackerrange within said compressed-air chamber having a duct communicating with said initial pneumatic, a music-sheet arranged to travel over said tracker-range and controlling the admission of air to said pneumatic, an intermediate chamber, a contact-chamber, a pneumatic arranged in said contactchamber and operating to make and break an electric circuit through suitable electric connections, a duct leading from said contact-chamber to said intermediate chamber, a double puppetvalve arranged Within said latter-named chamber, said valve being operatcd by the said initial pneumatic a key 50, a pneumatic for operating said hey, a striker-rod connecting the pneumatic and key, an exhaust-chamber, a duct connecting said chamber and pneumatic, a double puppet-valve operating to alternately place said duct into communication with the chamber and with the atmosphere, an armature con-- nected with the stem of said valve, and an electromagnet in circuit with the aforesaid electric connections operatingwhen energized to attract said armature and raise said valve and shut off the communication between the said duct and atmosphere and open the communication With the exhaust-chamber, Whereby the pneumatic is caused to collapse and ac tuate the key.

In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in presence of two Witnesses,

ROBERT W. PAIN.

lVitnesses:

OWEN WARD, JAMES MORGAN.

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2924139A (en) * 1957-10-24 1960-02-09 Green Arthur Robert System and mechanism for making ordinary pianos respond to player piano rolls
US3117481A (en) * 1959-10-05 1964-01-14 William J Cushing Player piano system with replay and cut-off features

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2924139A (en) * 1957-10-24 1960-02-09 Green Arthur Robert System and mechanism for making ordinary pianos respond to player piano rolls
US3117481A (en) * 1959-10-05 1964-01-14 William J Cushing Player piano system with replay and cut-off features

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