US584799A - Half to e - Google Patents

Half to e Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US584799A
US584799A US584799DA US584799A US 584799 A US584799 A US 584799A US 584799D A US584799D A US 584799DA US 584799 A US584799 A US 584799A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
valve
pressure
piston
pipe
stand
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US584799A publication Critical patent/US584799A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05DSYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING OR REGULATING NON-ELECTRIC VARIABLES
    • G05D16/00Control of fluid pressure
    • G05D16/14Control of fluid pressure with auxiliary non-electric power
    • G05D16/18Control of fluid pressure with auxiliary non-electric power derived from an external source
    • G05D16/187Control of fluid pressure with auxiliary non-electric power derived from an external source using pistons within the main valve
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K31/00Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices
    • F16K31/02Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices electric; magnetic
    • F16K31/06Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices electric; magnetic using a magnet, e.g. diaphragm valves, cutting off by means of a liquid
    • F16K31/0644One-way valve
    • F16K31/0655Lift valves
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • Y10T137/7758Pilot or servo controlled
    • Y10T137/7762Fluid pressure type
    • Y10T137/7764Choked or throttled pressure type
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • Y10T137/7781With separate connected fluid reactor surface
    • Y10T137/7782With manual or external control for line valve
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • Y10T137/7781With separate connected fluid reactor surface
    • Y10T137/7793With opening bias [e.g., pressure regulator]
    • Y10T137/7805Through external pipe

Description

2 Sheets8heet 1.
(No Model.)
B. O. THOMPSON.-
FLUID PRESSURE REGULATOR.
No. 584,799. Patented June 22, 1897.
AVA/
(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet2. E. 0. THOMPSON.
FLUID PRESSURE REGULATOR. No. 584,799. Patented'June 22,1897,
a m d m w f lJNiTED STATES PATENT Q FFTQEa ED\VARD O. THOMPSON, OF THOMASVILLE, GEORGIA, ASSIGNOR OF ONE- HALF TO E. M. MALLETTE, OF SAME PLACE.
FLUID-PRESSURE REGULATOR.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 584,799, dated June 22, 1897. Application filed July 23, 1396. Eerial No. 600,294:- (No model.)
To all whom, it may concern: Be itknown that I, EDWARD 0. THOMPSON, a citizen of the United States, residing at Thomasville, in the county of Thomas and State of Georgia, have invented a new and usef ul Hydraulic-Pressure-Regulatin g Valve, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to pressure-regulating devices particularly adapted to control hydraulic pressure, as in city water-service, and has for its object to provide a simple and effioient construction and arrangement of parts whereby the position of a regulating-valve is controlled by variations of pressure applied to a piston or pistons carried by the Valvestem, modified by stand-pipe and supply or street-main pressure, to which a secondary or balancing piston is exposed, and also modified by variable pressure applied by overflow from the stand-pipe or tank.
Further objects and advantages of this invention will appear in the following description, and the novel features thereof will be particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a sectional view of a regulating-valve constructed in accordance with my invention. Fig. 2 is a similar view showing a modified arrangement of parts whereby the regulating-valve is normally held open by supply-main and standpipe pressure.
Similar numerals of reference indicate corresponding parts in both figures of the drawings.
In the construction illustrated in Fig. 1 the supply or street main 1 is in communication with a service-pipe 2, leading to a stand-pipe or tank, (not shown,) said communication between the main and service pipe being through a valve-casing 3, having a valve-seat 4E. The downwardly-opening regulating-valve 5 is provided with a stem 6, extending upwardly through the valve-seat and a suitable guide 7, arranged thereabove.
Arranged concentrically with the valvestem above the guide 7, and having an open inner end which is in communication with the valve-casing, is a cylinder 8, in which operates a valve-closing piston 9, and in communication with the outer end of the cylinder 8 and also concentric with said valve-stem is a cylinder 10 of larger diameter than the cylinderS and inclosing a valve-opening piston 11. A vent 12 is formed in the wall of the cylinder 10 below the plane of the piston 11 to allow the escape of air between the pistons 9 and 11 during the downward movement thereof, and also in communication with said cylinder 10 above the plane of the piston 11 is a port 13, with which communicates a pressuresupply conductor 14:, adapted to extend to a pumpingstation (not shown) and provided at any suitable point with a waste-cock 15, having a relief or drip opening 16, whereby when the cockis closed to prevent the communica tion of pressure from the pumping-station to the cylinder 10 the relief perforation is arranged in open communication with said cylinder to allow the contents of the latter to purpose hereinafter exted at its extremity with a piston 19, which operates in a cylinder 20 of larger diameter than the cylinder 10, and in communication with a port 21 in the side of this cylinder 20 is arranged a Waste-pipe 22, having a branch 23, which extends to the overflow of the standpipe (not shown) to convey overflow-pressure to the interior of the cylinder 20, and also provided with a second branch 24, fitted with a union 25, in which is formed a drip or relief perforation 26, adapted to allow the gradual exhaust of the contents of the cylinder 20 after the supply through the overflow-pipe 23 has ceased.
The pistons, which are of different areas and are increasedsuccessively in size from the inner toward the outer end of the regulating valve-stem, are held in place upon said stem by means of interposed thimbles or sleeves 27, a washer 28, which is interposed between the piston 9 and a contiguous shoulder 29 of the stem, and a nut 30, which is threaded upon the stem above the plane of the piston 19. Thus by loosening the nut 30 the valve-stem may be turned to regrind the valve and seat, without turning the pistons, a suitable tool for turning said stem being adapted to be applied to the wrench-seat 31, with which the upper extremity of the stem is provided.
From the above description it will be seen that the piston 9 is exposed to supply-main and stand-pipe pressure, which is approxi- 1n ately constant, said piston being of less area than the valve 5 in order to allow said valve to be unseated by stand-pipe pressure when the pressure in the supply-main falls below the pressure in the stand-pipe a number of pounds corresponding with the diii'erence in areas between the valve and said piston. In order to unseat the valve, I apply valveopening pressure to the upper side of the piston 11, and inasmuch as the piston 11 is of greater area than the piston 9 it will be seen that the same or equivalent pressures applied to the two pistons will unseat the valve, but that the reduction of pressure in the cylinder 10 will allow the valve to be reseated by the valve-seatin g pressure in the supply-main or stand-pipe. In operation this reduction of pressure upon the piston 11 is attained by closing the waste-cock 15, and thereby opening the vent 16, and inasmuch as the vent is of small capacity the exhaust from the cylinder 10 will be slow, and hence the regulating-valve will be closed without water-hammer.
V alve-closing pressure may also be applied to the piston 19 by overflow from the standpipe introduced through the overflow-pipe 22, and inasmuch as the area of the piston 19 is greater than that of the piston 11 it will be seen that even when the latter is exposed to valveopening pressure the valve may be closed in opposition thereto. NVhen the pressure applied through the overflow-pipe ceases, the contents of the cylinder 20 will escape through the drip or relief-port 26, thus relieving the pressure in the cylinder and allowing the valve to be opened by the pressure in the cylinder 10, provided the waste-cock 15 remains open. Thus the valve is adapted to be closed by street-main and stand-pipe pressure, which is approximately constant, and may be opened in opposition thereto by valve-opening pressure applied to the piston 11, but while the piston 11 is exposed to valveopening pressure the valve may be closed by overflow-pressure applied to the piston 19, which is of larger area than either of the other pistons. On the other hand, while the valve is normally held closed by street-main and stand-pipe pressure it is adapted to be opened by stand pipe pressure when the street-main pressure falls a given amount below the stand-pipe pressure owing to the excess of stand-pipe pressure upon the unbalanced portion of the valve, the balancing piston 9 being of smaller area than the valve 5 in order to provide for the opening of the valve by excess of stand-pipe pressure.
In the construction illustrated in Fig. 2 I also employ a plurality of pistons of different areas, the smaller valve 11 being exposed to piston-opening pressure supplied by the street-main and stand-pipe, the valve 5 being upwardly or outwardly opening in contradistinction to the valve 5 of the form illustrated in Fig. 1, which is upwardly or inwardly closing, the term inwardly being adopted to designate movement toward the stand-pipe and the term outwardly to movement toward the street-main.
In the construction illustrated in Fig. 2 the valve-opening or balancing piston 11 is of less area than the valve 5, and attached to the valve-stem is a valve-closing piston 19 of larger area than the piston 11' and operating in a cylinder 20 said cylinder being provided between the planes of the pistons with a vent 12 to allow the escape of the air therebetween during the downward movement of the pistons.
Arranged in communication with the cylinder 20 above the plane of the piston 19 is a pipe or conveyer 22, provided with a branch 23, forming a stand-pipe overflow-pipe, and also provided with a branch 14 in communication with a pumping-station and provided with a waste-cock 15, constructed and adapt ed to operate substantially as described in connection with Fig. 1.
The piston 11 is constantly exposed to valve-opening pressure, but when overflow or pumping-station pressure is applied to the piston 19 the valve is closed in opposition to this opening-pressure, and is so held until relieved of valve-closing pressure unless the street-main pressure, which is applied to the pipe 1, falls below the stand-pipe pressure applied to the pipe 2 when the valve will be opened by stand-pipe pressure applied to the inner or lower surface of the valve in oppositi on to valve-closing pressure applied to the piston 19. The vent of the waste-cock: 15 forms a relief for the pressure in the cylinder 20 when the pumping-station or overflow pressure ceases, and thus provides for the reopening of the valve by street main and stand-pipe pressure.
Various changes in the form, proportion, and the minor details of construction may be resorted to without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of this invention.
Having described my invention, What I claim is 1. A regulating-valve exposed at opposite sidesto street-main and stand-pipe pressures and carrying a balancing-piston arranged in a cylinder exposed to one of said pressures and adapted to balance a portion of the pressure applied to one side of the valve, whereby thevalve is yieldingly held in its normal position by the excess of pressure applied to the unbalanced side of the valve, and means for moving the valve in opposition to the unbalanced pressure, substantially as specified.
2. A regulating-valve exposed at opposite sides to stand-pipe and street-main pressures and carrying a balancing-piston arranged in a cylinder exposed to one of said pressures, said piston being of less area than the valve and adapted to balance a portion of the pressure applied to one side of the latter, whereby the valve is normally held open by the excess of pressure applied to the unbalanced side of the valve and adapted, when seated, to be unseated by the reduction of pressure upon that side of the valve toward which it moves to open, substantially as specified.
3. A regulating-valve exposed at opposite sides to street-main and stand-pipe pressures and mounted to open in opposition to streetmain pressure, and a piston carried by the valve-stem and exposed to one of said pressures to balance a portion of the pressure applied to the contiguous side of the valve and cause the seating of the valve by the excess of pressure applied to the unbalanced side thereof, whereby the valve is unseated by the reduction of street-main pressure, substantially as specified.
4. A regulating-valve exposed at opposite sides to stand-pipe and street-main pressures, a plurality of pistons of different areas carried by the valve-stem and operating in unconnected cylinders, the piston of least area being exposed to stand-pipe pressure and be ing of less area than the valve, means for applying valve-opening pressure to a second piston of greater area, and for regulating the rapidity of discharge from the cylinder in which said piston of greater area operates, and means for applying overflow-pressure to a third piston of greater area than the second piston, said means including a vent or drip of less capacity than the supply, whereby the pressure is relieved when the supply ceases, substantially as specified.
5. A regulating-valve mounted for inward closing and exposed at opposite sides to stand pipe and street-main pressures, aplurality of pistons of different areas carried by the valvestem and arranged in independent coaxial cylinders, the piston of least area being exposed to stand-pipe pressure to balance a portion of the stand-pipe pressure applied to the contiguous side of the valve, the second piston of intermediate area being adapted to be exposed to valve-openin g, or pumping-station, pressure, means being provided for gradually reducing the valve-opening pressure to avoid water-hammer, and the piston of greatest diameter being exposed to overflow-pressure, and perm anently-open means for relieving said pressure upon the cessation of overflow, substantially as specified.
6. A regulating-valve exposed at opposite sides to street'main and stand-pipe pressures, coaxial cylinders of different cross-sectional areas through which the stem of said valve extends, the first piston of least area being exposed at its lower side to stand-pipe pressure, the second piston of intermediate area being exposed at its upper side to valve-opening or pumping-station pressure, means being provided for relieving said pressure, and the third piston of greatest area being ex posed at its lower side to overflow-pressure, means being provided for relieving said pressure when the overflow ceases, the cylinders of the second and third named pistons being separated by an interposed partition, and the pistons being fitted loosely upon the valve-stem, held at the proper intervals by interposed spacing sleeves or thimbles and secured in place by a single nut engaging the extremity of the stem, whereby the pistons may be loosened to allow independent rotation of the valve, substantially as specified.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto affixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
EDW'ARD O. THOMPSON.
Witnesses E. DREYER, W. H. RocKwELL.
US584799D Half to e Expired - Lifetime US584799A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US584799A true US584799A (en) 1897-06-22

Family

ID=2653469

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US584799D Expired - Lifetime US584799A (en) Half to e

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US584799A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2665710A (en) * 1949-03-09 1954-01-12 Railroad Products Company Water service device
US3099285A (en) * 1959-09-01 1963-07-30 North American Aviation Inc Vent and relief valve
USD912208S1 (en) 2018-02-27 2021-03-02 Kohler Co. Faucet

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2665710A (en) * 1949-03-09 1954-01-12 Railroad Products Company Water service device
US3099285A (en) * 1959-09-01 1963-07-30 North American Aviation Inc Vent and relief valve
USD912208S1 (en) 2018-02-27 2021-03-02 Kohler Co. Faucet

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US748091A (en) Pressure-regulating valve.
US584799A (en) Half to e
US143920A (en) Improvement in relief-valves for fire-engines
US1846376A (en) Fluid control for gas and liquid separators
US417329A (en) Relief-valve for steam-engin es
US1218567A (en) Automatic valve device for distributing liquid under pressure.
US517575A (en) Valve
US398841A (en) Relief-valve for steam fire-engines
US623773A (en) Water-pressure regulator
US90371A (en) Improvement in steam-engine lubricators
US996125A (en) Relief-valve for fire-engines.
US135437A (en) Improvement in automatic relief-valves for steam fire-engines
US643239A (en) Safety-valve.
US251035A (en) Automatic service-cock
US968039A (en) Self-closing faucet.
US663284A (en) Flushing-valve.
US399663A (en) Pressure-regulator
US182502A (en) Improvement in water-closet valves
US417633A (en) John dowling
US406273A (en) Self-closing faucet
US375748A (en) Water-service apparatus
US668837A (en) Valve for water-closets.
US796635A (en) Automatic change-valve and choker for operating hydraulic presses.
US836406A (en) Valve.
US1098168A (en) Stop and waste valve.