US5829386A - Poultry fount - Google Patents

Poultry fount Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US5829386A
US5829386A US08/867,181 US86718197A US5829386A US 5829386 A US5829386 A US 5829386A US 86718197 A US86718197 A US 86718197A US 5829386 A US5829386 A US 5829386A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
tank
trough
cup
spout
discharge
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
US08/867,181
Inventor
Thomas W. Wenstrand
Original Assignee
Wenstrand; Thomas W.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US60716396A priority Critical
Application filed by Wenstrand; Thomas W. filed Critical Wenstrand; Thomas W.
Priority to US08/867,181 priority patent/US5829386A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US5829386A publication Critical patent/US5829386A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K39/00Feeding or drinking appliances for poultry or other birds
    • A01K39/02Drinking appliances
    • A01K39/026Drinking appliances kept filled to constant level from incorporated storage

Abstract

A poultry waterer of the vacuum discharge type adapted for use in sizes larger than the type which is tipped for placement for use. The waterer is characterized by being permanently upright, having an easily used filler cap and a detachable tray or trough fed by a spout at the bottom of the tank. A cup and O-ring permit the closing of the hole in the spout, preventing premature discharge of liquid while the waterer is being filled. Also, the filler cap includes a unique cup and gasket arrangement which allows easy opening of the cap.

Description

This application is a continuation-in-part of a previous application by the same inventor, Ser. No. 08/607,163, filed Feb. 26, 1996 and now specifically abandoned. This invention pertains to devices for providing liquid, particularly water, to poultry. More particularly the device is a waterer of the general type illustrated in my prior U.S. Pat. No. 5,218,926 but adapted to sizes larger than can readily be used for that particular class of waterer.

BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Vacuum discharge waterers of the type shown in my prior patent are not new. That previously disclosed design has been well used in smaller units where the filling of the tank is at an open end and then the trough unit is put in place and the assembly is tipped upright for use as a waterer. However, in instances where a unit is of approximately five gallons or larger, the weight of contents of the filled tank alone is forty or more pounds and handling a unit of that weight becomes a problem, especially if inverting of the tank is necessary.

It has also been discovered that the opening of the filler cap, especially on larger units, becomes difficult because of the vacuum drawn inside the tank. A unique arrangement of a gasket and a cup inside the filling opening can be used to relieve that vacuum to provide much easier removal of the filler cap.

By the present invention, applicant provides a unit permanently upright and filled from the top. A unique trough and discharge spout makes the device very useful and practical as a waterer of the vacuum discharge type having a somewhat larger capacity than can be readily handled where inverting of the tank is required.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a front elevational view, partly in section, of the assembled waterer,

FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of the waterer,

FIG. 3 is a top perspective view of the trough piece separate from the tank portion,

FIG. 4 is a partial bottom perspective view of the tank portion with the trough removed,

FIG. 5 is a partial sectional view to an enlarged scale of the discharge spout on the tank, and the cup and O-ring permitting closure of the hole in the discharge spout.

FIG. 6 is a detailed perspective view of the top of the tank showing the unique filling closing device, and

FIG. 7 is a detailed sectional view of the arrangement of the O-ring at the filling closure device.

DESCRIPTION

Briefly this invention comprises a vacuum discharge type poultry waterer capable of being filled from the top so that inversion is not necessary. The problems of premature discharge while filling is completely avoided, as is the problem of vacuum, within the tank making opening difficult.

More specifically and referring to the drawings, the device includes a tank 10 having a top opening enclosed by a cap 11. The cap must be tight-fitting because of the need for a vacuum above the water level. Therefore, as shown, a screw threaded engagement of the cap with the tank is preferred. Handles 12 may also be provided if carrying becomes desirable.

Because emptying of the tank in normal use causes a vacuum inside the tank, there are occasions when it becomes difficult to remove the cap 11 against that vacuum. By using the closure means shown in FIG. 6 that difficulty may be avoided. As shown in those figures, an entry cup 9 is fitted into the opening. A gasket or O-ring 8 is engaged between a flange 7 on the top of the cup 9. The rim 6 of the top opening of the container 10 presses against the gasket to seal the filler opening as the cup 11 is screwed into place. However, because the O-ring is formed of relatively soft material, and because the cup 9 may be somewhat flexible, the vacuum can be somewhat relieved so that the top can be readily opened even by hands partly disabled by arthritis.

Thus there are alternate closure means. Either a plain screw-threaded cap 11 can be used or, particularly on the larger units, a vacuum breaker device such as the cup and gasket device can be used.

It should be noted that the cup can also be used as a measuring device. Simple divisions on the side of the cup, as is well known in the art, can provide for measured dosages of medicine material, or the cup can be divided into specific sizes of compartments by a divider 5, to allow measurements of additive material. These additives might well be medication, but they could also be used for nutritional additives.

At the bottom of the tank a discharge means including a discharge spout 14 is provided. This spout receives liquid from the tank 10 and discharges it through a hole 15. A cup 16 is adapted to close the discharge. This cup is adapted to fit snugly over the spout 14 and is both made nearly water tight and is retained by an O-ring 17 fitted between the cup 16 and the spout 14. A handle 18 on the cup allows easier manipulation of the cup 16 as will appear.

The trough means 20 includes an inner ring 21 adapted to form a snug fit with a bottom collar 22 on the tank. The collar 22 is formed to avoid interference with the discharge spout 14 by using a flat space 23 across the otherwise circular form. The inner ring 21 of the trough means includes an indentation 24 large enough to accommodate the discharge spout 14 and its closure cup 16. Thus, as shown in FIG. 1, the assembly forms a snug fitting device.

The trough itself is formed by the inner wall 21 and an outer wall 26 combined with the floor 27. Although the preferred embodiment is as shown, the floor may extend fully across the bottom of the trough member 20 and not just across the space between the inner and outer walls. This would provide a simple means for fastening the waterer in place if desired. Simply by bolting or using screws through the center part of the floor, the position of the waterer may be fixed and fastened so that it will not be tipped accidentally.

In use, the cup 16 must be securely in place on the spout 14 as the tank is filled after the cap 11 is removed. If the cup 16 is not in place, liquid will gush from the opening 15 because there is no cap closing the tank and therefore no vacuum above the level of the liquid. After filling, the cap 11 is replaced tightly so that if liquid is discharged through the spout, a vacuum will be formed above that liquid and tend to hold the liquid within the tank subject only to bubbles of air entering the tank through the hole 15. So long as the cup 16 covers that hole, there will be no discharge. Thus, even if the tank 10 should be removed and carried away for filling, it can be carried back to the trough member 20 for reassembly without a stream of liquid being discharged.

When the tank 10 is again fitted onto the trough 20, the cup 16 may be safely removed from the spout 14 and the liquid allowed to fill the trough. When the level in the trough is high enough to cover the hole 15, discharge will stop until the level drops to allow air bubbles into the tank. Then more liquid will flow until the hole 15 is again covered.

If the tank is filled in place, the cup 16 is simply used to cover the hole 15 until the cap 11 is replaced. At that time, the cup can be removed from the spout 14 as previously described and the waterer is ready for use.

Claims (5)

I claim as my invention:
1. A waterer comprising a tank having a filler opening at a top end of said tank, closure means adapted to seal said filler opening, discharge means including a spout extending from the bottom of said tank, closure means adapted to close said discharge means, and trough means being adapted to receive and hold liquid from said tank, said discharge means being long enough to extend into said trough means below said upper edges and able to extend below the surface of said liquid in said trough means, said tank including a ring-shaped collar formed on the bottom thereof, said collar having one flat space, said spout on the bottom of said tank being outside of said flat space on said collar whereby said spout discharges into said trough means, said trough means including an inner wall slidingly fitted onto said collar whereby said tank and said trough means are releaseably attached together.
2. The waterer of claim 1 in which said inner wall of said trough means is formed to extend between said spout and said flat space on said collar whereby said spout discharges into said trough means.
3. The waterer of claim 2 in which a cup-like container is removably fitted over said spout whereby said spout is closed to withhold discharge.
4. The waterer of claim 1 in which said closure means includes a rim on said filler opening, a cup having a flange, said flange being fitted to said rim, a gasket around said cup and disposed between said flange and said rim.
5. A waterer comprising a tank having a filler opening at a top end of said tank, said opening including a rim around said opening, a cap adapted to close said filler opening, a cup having a flange fitted to said rim and a gasket engaged between said flange and said rim, said cap being fitted to said opening and holding said cup and said gasket in place in said filler opening, and cup being thereby removable from said opening, discharge means extending from the bottom of said tank, and trough means releasably attached to said tank adapted to receive liquid from said discharge means, said trough means having walls with upper edges, said trough means being adapted to receive and hold liquid from said tank, and said discharge means being long enough to extend into said trough means below said upper edges and able to extend below the surface of said liquid in said trough means.
US08/867,181 1996-02-26 1997-06-02 Poultry fount Expired - Fee Related US5829386A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US60716396A true 1996-02-26 1996-02-26
US08/867,181 US5829386A (en) 1996-02-26 1997-06-02 Poultry fount

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US08/867,181 US5829386A (en) 1996-02-26 1997-06-02 Poultry fount

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US60716396A Continuation-In-Part 1996-02-26 1996-02-26

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US5829386A true US5829386A (en) 1998-11-03

Family

ID=24431095

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US08/867,181 Expired - Fee Related US5829386A (en) 1996-02-26 1997-06-02 Poultry fount

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US5829386A (en)

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6079361A (en) * 1997-11-07 2000-06-27 Miller Manufacturing Company Animal watering system & methods
AU2001270268B2 (en) * 2000-06-30 2007-06-14 Ponzio Jr., Frank J System and method for signaling quality of data content
US20080011237A1 (en) * 2006-07-17 2008-01-17 Tien Pang-Ting Aquarium
US20080251025A1 (en) * 2007-04-16 2008-10-16 Aspects, Inc. Nectar feeder with float and valve
US20100199918A1 (en) * 2009-02-09 2010-08-12 Reusche Thomas K System and method for automatically deactivating a poultry watering device
US20110139080A1 (en) * 2009-12-11 2011-06-16 Chumbley Philip E Poultry watering system and method
USD655053S1 (en) * 2010-04-07 2012-02-28 Doskocil Manufacturing Company, Inc. Water or food dispensing device for animals
USD693067S1 (en) * 2012-12-21 2013-11-05 Miller Manufacturing Company Watering device
PT106449A (en) * 2012-07-20 2014-01-20 Angelino Agusto Saraiva Bird drink (tremonha)
USD703392S1 (en) * 2012-02-09 2014-04-22 MerchSource, LLC Pet feeder
US8863692B2 (en) 2007-04-16 2014-10-21 Aspects, Inc. Nectar feeder having a float with flush stopper
US9198401B2 (en) 2012-10-24 2015-12-01 Aspects, Inc. Nectar feeder with float
US9565832B2 (en) 2013-04-03 2017-02-14 Don Charleston Pivotal cover assembly for a poultry drinker
US9907295B2 (en) 2013-04-03 2018-03-06 Don Charleston Pivotal cover assembly for a poultry drinker
USD814715S1 (en) * 2015-06-03 2018-04-03 Kristi Fox Poultry nourishment device

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US331097A (en) * 1885-11-24 Poultry water-can
US854615A (en) * 1905-07-27 1907-05-21 Addison J Vorheis Watering device.
US903041A (en) * 1908-04-17 1908-11-03 George A Clapesattle Poultry-fount.
US1571409A (en) * 1925-10-10 1926-02-02 Ira P Hayes Poultry feeder
US1801932A (en) * 1927-07-18 1931-04-21 Kinney I Miller Automatic water fountain for poultry
US1838324A (en) * 1927-05-19 1931-12-29 Wayne E Olson Drinking fountain
US5682835A (en) * 1995-08-11 1997-11-04 Safety 1St, Inc. Bird feeder

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US331097A (en) * 1885-11-24 Poultry water-can
US854615A (en) * 1905-07-27 1907-05-21 Addison J Vorheis Watering device.
US903041A (en) * 1908-04-17 1908-11-03 George A Clapesattle Poultry-fount.
US1571409A (en) * 1925-10-10 1926-02-02 Ira P Hayes Poultry feeder
US1838324A (en) * 1927-05-19 1931-12-29 Wayne E Olson Drinking fountain
US1801932A (en) * 1927-07-18 1931-04-21 Kinney I Miller Automatic water fountain for poultry
US5682835A (en) * 1995-08-11 1997-11-04 Safety 1St, Inc. Bird feeder

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6079361A (en) * 1997-11-07 2000-06-27 Miller Manufacturing Company Animal watering system & methods
AU2001270268B2 (en) * 2000-06-30 2007-06-14 Ponzio Jr., Frank J System and method for signaling quality of data content
US20080011237A1 (en) * 2006-07-17 2008-01-17 Tien Pang-Ting Aquarium
US8863692B2 (en) 2007-04-16 2014-10-21 Aspects, Inc. Nectar feeder having a float with flush stopper
US20080251025A1 (en) * 2007-04-16 2008-10-16 Aspects, Inc. Nectar feeder with float and valve
US7946249B2 (en) * 2007-04-16 2011-05-24 Aspects, Inc. Nectar feeder with float and valve
US20110168101A1 (en) * 2007-04-16 2011-07-14 Aspects, Inc. Nectar feeder with float and valve
US9173381B2 (en) 2007-04-16 2015-11-03 Aspects, Inc. Nectar feeder with float and valve
US8863691B2 (en) 2007-04-16 2014-10-21 Aspects, Inc. Nectar feeder with float and valve
US20100199918A1 (en) * 2009-02-09 2010-08-12 Reusche Thomas K System and method for automatically deactivating a poultry watering device
US20110139080A1 (en) * 2009-12-11 2011-06-16 Chumbley Philip E Poultry watering system and method
US8474407B2 (en) * 2009-12-11 2013-07-02 Philip E. Chumbley Poultry watering system and method
USD655053S1 (en) * 2010-04-07 2012-02-28 Doskocil Manufacturing Company, Inc. Water or food dispensing device for animals
USD703392S1 (en) * 2012-02-09 2014-04-22 MerchSource, LLC Pet feeder
PT106449B (en) * 2012-07-20 2014-07-23 Angelino Augusto Saraiva Bird drink (tremonha)
PT106449A (en) * 2012-07-20 2014-01-20 Angelino Agusto Saraiva Bird drink (tremonha)
US9198401B2 (en) 2012-10-24 2015-12-01 Aspects, Inc. Nectar feeder with float
USD693067S1 (en) * 2012-12-21 2013-11-05 Miller Manufacturing Company Watering device
US9565832B2 (en) 2013-04-03 2017-02-14 Don Charleston Pivotal cover assembly for a poultry drinker
US9907295B2 (en) 2013-04-03 2018-03-06 Don Charleston Pivotal cover assembly for a poultry drinker
USD814715S1 (en) * 2015-06-03 2018-04-03 Kristi Fox Poultry nourishment device

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US7527180B2 (en) Drink pouring dispenser
US5388712A (en) Squeeze bottle top with integral closure holder
US4703863A (en) Baby feeding bottle assembly
US3348716A (en) Container
US5753289A (en) Portable food container and method for storing and dispensing dry and liquid food
CA2258003C (en) Feeding bottle
ES2634792T3 (en) Combined wine bottle and wine glass package
US2953170A (en) Feeding spoon
US2843281A (en) Nursing bottle
US5758786A (en) Multi-compartment baby bottle
US2793776A (en) Container attachment for providing a compartmental dispensing receptacle
US3657994A (en) Combination container and dispenser
AU2010224375B2 (en) Drink additive delivery lid system
US4666065A (en) Liquid measuring and pouring device
US4573631A (en) Disposable straw, lid and cup combination
US5050759A (en) Infant drinking cup
US5465871A (en) Spice jar and associated dispenser cap
US3076435A (en) Liquid dispensing receptacle
US5863126A (en) Fluid mixing and dispensing system for the rapid mixing of a prestored substance with a fluid and the dispensing thereof
US4821630A (en) Sun tea adapter for plastic cartons
KR970001761Y1 (en) Dispenser for granular material
US5241835A (en) Milk and cereal container
US5056685A (en) Spraying device
US9126747B2 (en) Insulated cooler
US5626262A (en) Dispensing container with drainage passages

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 4

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 8

REMI Maintenance fee reminder mailed
LAPS Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
STCH Information on status: patent discontinuation

Free format text: PATENT EXPIRED DUE TO NONPAYMENT OF MAINTENANCE FEES UNDER 37 CFR 1.362

FP Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee

Effective date: 20101103