US569235A - Dowel pin and joint - Google Patents

Dowel pin and joint Download PDF

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Publication number
US569235A
US569235A US1894496036A US569235A US 569235 A US569235 A US 569235A US 1894496036 A US1894496036 A US 1894496036A US 569235 A US569235 A US 569235A
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Prior art keywords
pin
dowel
joint
glue
grain
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Expired - Lifetime
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Priority to US1894496036 priority Critical patent/US569235A/en
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B13/00Dowels or other devices fastened in walls or the like by inserting them in holes made therein for that purpose
    • F16B13/14Non-metallic plugs or sleeves; Use of liquid, loose solid or kneadable material therefor
    • F16B13/141Fixing plugs in holes by the use of settable material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/01General aspects dealing with the joint area or with the area to be joined
    • B29C66/05Particular design of joint configurations
    • B29C66/10Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint cross-sections
    • B29C66/11Joint cross-sections comprising a single joint-segment, i.e. one of the parts to be joined comprising a single joint-segment in the joint cross-section
    • B29C66/112Single lapped joints
    • B29C66/1122Single lap to lap joints, i.e. overlap joints
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C5/00Reinforcing elements, e.g. for concrete; Auxiliary elements therefor
    • E04C5/16Auxiliary parts for reinforcements, e.g. connectors, spacers, stirrups
    • E04C5/162Connectors or means for connecting parts for reinforcements
    • E04C5/163Connectors or means for connecting parts for reinforcements the reinforcements running in one single direction
    • E04C5/165Coaxial connection by means of sleeves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B12/00Jointing of furniture or the like, e.g. hidden from exterior
    • F16B12/10Jointing of furniture or the like, e.g. hidden from exterior using pegs, bolts, tenons, clamps, clips, or the like
    • F16B12/12Jointing of furniture or the like, e.g. hidden from exterior using pegs, bolts, tenons, clamps, clips, or the like for non-metal furniture parts, e.g. made of wood, of plastics
    • F16B12/24Jointing of furniture or the like, e.g. hidden from exterior using pegs, bolts, tenons, clamps, clips, or the like for non-metal furniture parts, e.g. made of wood, of plastics using separate pins, dowels, or the like
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T403/00Joints and connections
    • Y10T403/46Rod end to transverse side of member
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T403/00Joints and connections
    • Y10T403/47Molded joint
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T403/00Joints and connections
    • Y10T403/55Member ends joined by inserted section
    • Y10T403/559Fluted or splined section
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T403/00Joints and connections
    • Y10T403/73Rigid angle

Description

(No Model.)

H. H. ROCKWELL. DOWEL PIN AND JOINT.

No. 569,235. Patented Oct. 13, 1896.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

HENRY H. ROCKlVELL, OF MILlVAUKEE, VISCONSIN.

DOWEL PIN AND JOINT.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 569,235, dated October 13, 1896.

Application filed January 8, 1894. Serial No. l96,036. (N0 model.)

To all whmn it may concern:

Be it known that I, HENRY H. ROCKWELL, of Milwaukee, in the county of Milwaukee and State of lVisconsin, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Dowel Pins and Joints; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, which will enable others skilled in the art to which it pertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.

The main objects of my invention are in the construction of door and panel work to employ dowel in place of the ordinary mortise-and-tenon joints and to provide for this purpose a wooden dowel-pin which can be readily driven and will retain sufficient glue distributed over its surface to hold it in place.

It consists, essentially, of a wooden dowelpin having sharp longitudinal ribs adapted to embed themselves in the wood into which the pin is driven, shallow grooves between the ribs adapted to retain glue distributed around the pin approximately its entire length, and a longitudinal vent-groove of sufficient depth and size to allow the escape of air and surplus glue when the pin is driven home into the blind holes in the parts to be joined, and of certain peculiarities in the construction of the joint of which such a dowel-pin constitutes a part, hereinafter particularly described and pointed out in the claims.

In the accompanying drawings like letters designate the same parts in the several figures.

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a dowelpin embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a cross-section of the same; and Fig. 3 is a sectional view of a dowel-pin,showing the method of joining parts in which the grain of one part runs transverse to that of the other part.

I am aware that it has been proposed to make doors and similar panelwork with dowel instead of the ordinary mortise-andtenon joints, but in order to produce strong durable joints a number of things are necessary: first, that the dowel-pins should fit snugly in the holes of both parts to be joined; second, that sufficient glue to hold them firmly in place shall be distributed over their surface when driven into such holes, and,

third, that a vent be provided for the escape of air and surplus glue, so that the pins may be driven home into the blind holes in the parts to be joined. Heretofore these several requisites have not been provided for as contemplated by my improvements.

Referring to Figs. 1 and 2, A represents a dowel-pin embodying my invention, preferably made of hard wood and having sharp longitudinal ribs adapted to embed themselves in the wood into which the pin is driven, shallow grooves or creases between the ribs adapted to hold glue, distributed around the pin approximately its entire length, and a deep longitudinal vent-groove a. The holes for the reception of the pin are bored, according to the texture of the wood and the direction of the grain, a little smaller than the largest diameter of the pin, and the sharp edges of the projecting ribs embed themselves in the wood into which it is driven; but a s'ufiicient quantity of glue is distributed and retained in the creases or shallow grooves between the ribs or beads to produce a strong glue joint throughout the entire length of the pin or the greater portion thereof. The deep vent-groove a in one side of the pin affords an exit for air and surplus glue from the blind holes into which the pin is driven, thus facilitating the driving of the pin and permitting it to be driven completely home.

It is obvious thatif the furrows or creases between the ribs or beads are made of sufficient size or depth to afford an exit for the air and surplus glue in driving the pin they would not serve the purpose for which they are designedto retain glue distributed over the surface of the pin throughout its length in contact with the contiguous or adjacent surface of the holes in which it is inserted. One or more vent-grooves of greater depth than the creases between the ribs are therefore indispensable in connection with the glue retaining creases or shallow grooves above described.

Referring to Fig. 3, B and 0 represent two parts to be joined, the grain of the part B running at right angles to the grain of part 0 and the holes in part B being bored lengthwise, while the holes in part 0 are bored crosswise, of the grain. I have found by experience that if the-holes for dowel-pins of the construction hereinbefore described are bored of the same size in the two parts a perfect strong joint will not be produced, but the pin, while it fits tightly in that part in which the hole is bored crosswise of the grain, will fit loosely in that part in which it is bored parallel with the grain. Therefore in the manufacture of doors and other similar articles I make the holes somewhat smaller in the rails or those parts, such as B, in which they are bored lengthwise of the grain and larger in the stiles or those parts, such as C, in which they are bored crosswise of the grain, the wood beingmore elastic and compressible crosswise of the grain. In this way the dowel-pin is held with equal firmness in both parts and a strong durable joint isproduced.

I claim 1. A wooden dowel-pin having longitudinal ribs forming edges adapted to embed themselves in the wood into which the pin is driven, shallow grooves or creases between the ribs adapted to retain glue distributed around the pin approximately its entire length, and a longitudinal vent-groove of greater depth than the glue-retaining creases or grooves between the ribs or beads, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

2. A dowel-joint comprising two adjoining parts, one having a hole bored crosswise of its grain and the other a smaller hole lengthwise of its grain, and a dowel-pin of uniform diameter from end to end driven into the holes in and joining said parts, and having longitudinal ribs forming edges adapted to embed themselves in the wood into which the pin is driven, shallow glueretaining creases or grooves between said ribs, and a longitudinal vent-groove, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.

HENRY H. ROCKWELL.

Vitnesses OHAs. L. Goss, THOMAS F. HAYDEN.

US1894496036 1894-01-08 1894-01-08 Dowel pin and joint Expired - Lifetime US569235A (en)

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Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2446709A (en) * 1944-04-18 1948-08-10 Ludwig Louis Plug tap
US2690878A (en) * 1950-05-27 1954-10-05 Snyder Jacob Rush Method and means for reclaiming spike holes for rail fastenings
US2702926A (en) * 1949-08-27 1955-03-01 Robert B Russell Dowel pin
US2710431A (en) * 1951-03-16 1955-06-14 Frank G Griffon Window structure
US3083797A (en) * 1960-03-01 1963-04-02 Clarence P Wergin Transversely ribbed dowel and socket coupling
US3168425A (en) * 1961-10-19 1965-02-02 Bernard A Wiplinger Hollow structure and method of making it
US3190408A (en) * 1960-01-09 1965-06-22 Profile System Int Joining means
US3193886A (en) * 1962-10-24 1965-07-13 Quaker Maid Kitchens Inc Cabinet joint
US3244055A (en) * 1964-03-26 1966-04-05 Schuermann Fritz Detachable anchor bolts
US3264020A (en) * 1961-05-04 1966-08-02 Reynolds Metals Co Joint construction
US3502359A (en) * 1967-11-24 1970-03-24 Donald E Lucci Jointing methods and means
US3583736A (en) * 1968-04-27 1971-06-08 Celina Willimzik Snap action lock mechanism for two-winged doors flaps or the like
US3802206A (en) * 1972-03-08 1974-04-09 R Moore Pile splicer
US4137115A (en) * 1977-11-07 1979-01-30 Patrick Lambert Joining structure
US4141554A (en) * 1977-02-03 1979-02-27 Sherwin Donald D Arrow shaft socket
US4416562A (en) * 1979-12-22 1983-11-22 Robert Bosch Gmbh Multi-partite assembly
US4490064A (en) * 1981-07-29 1984-12-25 Jacques Ducharme Joint for modular frame construction
US4715532A (en) * 1986-07-16 1987-12-29 Paul M. Sarazen Adjustably resettable, temperature-responsive automatic ventilator
US4870797A (en) * 1987-07-02 1989-10-03 Rolscreen Company Panel joint
US4892292A (en) * 1986-05-12 1990-01-09 Saftron Inc. Non-corrosive security railing
US4925331A (en) * 1986-10-06 1990-05-15 Peter Bertsche Connector member for wood construction work
US5658086A (en) * 1995-11-24 1997-08-19 Brokaw; Paul E. Furniture connector
US5664899A (en) * 1991-07-22 1997-09-09 Eustis; Robert H. Furniture joint
US5832548A (en) * 1996-01-23 1998-11-10 Cosco, Inc. Snap-in frame connector
USD403439S (en) 1996-06-28 1998-12-29 Certainteed Corporation Intersection pin window component
US6783431B2 (en) 2002-03-06 2004-08-31 Michael Girten Joint forming tool and method
US20080115699A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2008-05-22 Michael Miller Wooden dowel in pallet assembly
US20090145076A1 (en) * 2007-11-30 2009-06-11 Tobias Bathon Connection device and method of manufacturing a connection device
US20100199891A1 (en) * 2009-02-03 2010-08-12 Miller Dowel Company Beveled block pallet
WO2017050581A1 (en) 2015-09-24 2017-03-30 Hartwig Kamelger Furniture connector and piece of furniture produced therewith
USD807158S1 (en) * 2016-06-30 2018-01-09 Fareast Metal International Co., Ltd Pull-out dowel pin
US10005586B1 (en) 2017-04-05 2018-06-26 Miller Dowel Company Dowel and pallet using dowel

Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2446709A (en) * 1944-04-18 1948-08-10 Ludwig Louis Plug tap
US2702926A (en) * 1949-08-27 1955-03-01 Robert B Russell Dowel pin
US2690878A (en) * 1950-05-27 1954-10-05 Snyder Jacob Rush Method and means for reclaiming spike holes for rail fastenings
US2710431A (en) * 1951-03-16 1955-06-14 Frank G Griffon Window structure
US3190408A (en) * 1960-01-09 1965-06-22 Profile System Int Joining means
US3190409A (en) * 1960-01-09 1965-06-22 Profile System Int Joining means
US3083797A (en) * 1960-03-01 1963-04-02 Clarence P Wergin Transversely ribbed dowel and socket coupling
US3264020A (en) * 1961-05-04 1966-08-02 Reynolds Metals Co Joint construction
US3168425A (en) * 1961-10-19 1965-02-02 Bernard A Wiplinger Hollow structure and method of making it
US3193886A (en) * 1962-10-24 1965-07-13 Quaker Maid Kitchens Inc Cabinet joint
US3244055A (en) * 1964-03-26 1966-04-05 Schuermann Fritz Detachable anchor bolts
US3502359A (en) * 1967-11-24 1970-03-24 Donald E Lucci Jointing methods and means
US3583736A (en) * 1968-04-27 1971-06-08 Celina Willimzik Snap action lock mechanism for two-winged doors flaps or the like
US3802206A (en) * 1972-03-08 1974-04-09 R Moore Pile splicer
US4141554A (en) * 1977-02-03 1979-02-27 Sherwin Donald D Arrow shaft socket
US4137115A (en) * 1977-11-07 1979-01-30 Patrick Lambert Joining structure
US4416562A (en) * 1979-12-22 1983-11-22 Robert Bosch Gmbh Multi-partite assembly
US4490064A (en) * 1981-07-29 1984-12-25 Jacques Ducharme Joint for modular frame construction
US4892292A (en) * 1986-05-12 1990-01-09 Saftron Inc. Non-corrosive security railing
US4715532A (en) * 1986-07-16 1987-12-29 Paul M. Sarazen Adjustably resettable, temperature-responsive automatic ventilator
US4925331A (en) * 1986-10-06 1990-05-15 Peter Bertsche Connector member for wood construction work
US4870797A (en) * 1987-07-02 1989-10-03 Rolscreen Company Panel joint
US5664899A (en) * 1991-07-22 1997-09-09 Eustis; Robert H. Furniture joint
US5658086A (en) * 1995-11-24 1997-08-19 Brokaw; Paul E. Furniture connector
US5832548A (en) * 1996-01-23 1998-11-10 Cosco, Inc. Snap-in frame connector
USD403439S (en) 1996-06-28 1998-12-29 Certainteed Corporation Intersection pin window component
US6783431B2 (en) 2002-03-06 2004-08-31 Michael Girten Joint forming tool and method
US20080115699A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2008-05-22 Michael Miller Wooden dowel in pallet assembly
US7856933B2 (en) * 2004-09-13 2010-12-28 Miller Dowel Company Wooden dowel in pallet assembly
US20090145076A1 (en) * 2007-11-30 2009-06-11 Tobias Bathon Connection device and method of manufacturing a connection device
US8186124B2 (en) * 2007-11-30 2012-05-29 Leander Bathon Connection device and method of manufacturing a connection device
US20100199891A1 (en) * 2009-02-03 2010-08-12 Miller Dowel Company Beveled block pallet
WO2017050581A1 (en) 2015-09-24 2017-03-30 Hartwig Kamelger Furniture connector and piece of furniture produced therewith
USD807158S1 (en) * 2016-06-30 2018-01-09 Fareast Metal International Co., Ltd Pull-out dowel pin
US10005586B1 (en) 2017-04-05 2018-06-26 Miller Dowel Company Dowel and pallet using dowel

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