US568133A - Apparatus for barreling and bunging beer - Google Patents

Apparatus for barreling and bunging beer Download PDF

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US568133A
US568133A US568133DA US568133A US 568133 A US568133 A US 568133A US 568133D A US568133D A US 568133DA US 568133 A US568133 A US 568133A
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pipe
port
stand
barrel
liquor
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B67OPENING, CLOSING OR CLEANING BOTTLES, JARS OR SIMILAR CONTAINERS; LIQUID HANDLING
    • B67CCLEANING, FILLING WITH LIQUIDS OR SEMILIQUIDS, OR EMPTYING, OF BOTTLES, JARS, CANS, CASKS, BARRELS, OR SIMILAR CONTAINERS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; FUNNELS
    • B67C3/00Bottling liquids or semiliquids; Filling jars or cans with liquids or semiliquids using bottling or like apparatus; Filling casks or barrels with liquids or semiliquids
    • B67C3/02Bottling liquids or semiliquids; Filling jars or cans with liquids or semiliquids using bottling or like apparatus
    • B67C3/16Bottling liquids or semiliquids; Filling jars or cans with liquids or semiliquids using bottling or like apparatus using suction
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OR DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C6/00Methods and apparatus for filling vessels not under pressure with liquefied or solidified gases
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/598With repair, tapping, assembly, or disassembly means
    • Y10T137/612Tapping a pipe, keg, or apertured tank under pressure
    • Y10T137/613With valved closure or bung
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/8593Systems
    • Y10T137/86292System with plural openings, one a gas vent or access opening
    • Y10T137/8634With vented outlet

Description

(N0 M0del.) 3 Sheets-Sheet 1.
A. E. PBROE. APPARATUS FOR BARRBLING AND BUNGING BEER. No. 568,133. Patented Sept. 22, 1896.
Jigf
. 6 A 441 \A/ITNESEES A 7 INVENTEIR 5 JJAAM A 11W fig/{Kym 44;,
(No Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet 2.
A. E. FEROE.
APPARATUS FOR BARRELING AND BUNGING BEER.
No. 568,138. Patented Sept. 22, 1896 (No Medel.) 3 Sheets-Sheet a.
A. E. FEROE.
APPARATUS FOR BARRELING AND BUNGING BEER. No. 568,133.. Patented Sept. 22, 1-896 NITED' STATES. j
ATENT FFTCEQ ALFRED E. FEROE, OF MADALIN, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR TO FEROE BROTHERS dz CONWAY,
OF TROY, NEW YORK.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 568,133, dated September 22,
Application filed January 14, 1896.
To otZZ whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, ALFRED E. FEROE, of Madalin, Tivoli village, Dutchess county, State of New York, have invented new and useful Improvements in Apparatus for Barrelin g and Bunging Beer, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to an apparatus for barrelin g and bun ging fermented liquors, and the object and purpose of my invention is to produce a means whereby carbonated liquors may be barreled and confined by any kind of bung without the loss of liquor or gas during the operation.
Accompanying this specification, to form a part of it, there are three plates of drawings containing eight figures illustrating my invention with the same designation of parts by letter-reference used in all of them.
Of the illustrations, Figure 1 is a side elevation of the apparatus shown as separated from the mechanism employed to operate it. Fig. 2 is a central vertical section of the apparatus shown at Fig. 1, with the interior parts in the position they occupy when the apparatus is being employed to barrel beer. Fig. 3 is another central vertical section of the apparatus shown at Fig. 1, with the interior parts in the position they occupy after the filling of the barrel or cask has been completed and before removing the latter. Fig. 4: is a cross-section taken on the line ac c of Fig. 2. Fig. 5 is another cross-section taken on the line 00 00 of Fig. 2. Fig. 6 is a side elevation of the apparatus, including the means to operate the latter to connect with the barrel or cask which is to be filled, as well as the mechanism employed to operate the interiorly-placed port-opening and port-closing mechanism. Fig. 7 is a side view of that part of the frame on which a ratchet-wheel and detent are arranged; and Fig. Sis a section taken on the line 00 00 of Fig. 6, with the pinion shown inside elevation.
The several parts of the apparatus thus illustrated are designated by letter-reference, and the function of the parts is described as follows: 7
The letter O designates a stand-pipe having 50 the upturned connecting branch pipes P and P the former of these branch pipes connect- Serial No. 575,464. (No model.)
ingwith the stand-pipe interior 0 by means of an entry-port p and the branch pipe P opening out from a chamber A, formed on the side of the stand-pipe, said chamber connecting with the interior of the latter by means of the ports 19 and 19 The branch pipe P is used for the delivery of liquor under pressure to the stand-pipe O, and the branch-pipe P is used to charge the cask or barrel to be filled with air or gas, and it is by the operation of its ports, as opened or closed, adapted to furnish a passage for the escape of air or gas from the barrel being filled with liquor into the chamber A and thence into the pipe P The letter WV designates a window formed in the upturned branch pipe P through which the level of the liquor may be seen, and the letter K designates a cock by which the liquor remaining in the stand-pipe may be drawn off.
The upper end of the stand'pipe O is provided with a stuffing-box B and a cap K and the lowerend of the stand-pipe O is provided with an encircling flange F, and the letter f designates an annular recess formed therein. The letter R designates a packing-ring of rubber arranged in said annular recess, by which as the stand-pipe is forced downwardly to enter a bunghole or bung-bushing under pressure the ring R will form an air-tight joint thereat.
The letter I designates a port-opening and port-closing pipe which is arranged within the stand-pipe O and constructed to make a sliding piston-form engagement with the inner surface of the stand-pipe. This pipe 1 has a closed top 1? and is provided with a piston-rod b passing through the stuffingbox B and cap K by the operation of which piston-rod this port-opening and port-closing pipe I can be moved upwardly and downwardly in the stand-pipe by mechanism which will be described hereinafter. This pipe I is provided with a port-opening p on one side and with port-openings other side.
The letter D designates a vertical partition which divides the interior area of the pipe I into the parts indicated at d and 61 This partition is angular in cross-section, as shown at Fig. i, and it is closed at the bot- 19 p and p on the tom, as indicated at d, and it separates all that interior area of the pipe I indicated at d (in which the ports 19 p and p are located) from the area d of the interior of the pipe I.
The letter I designates an attachable or detachable extension of the pipe I, which extension attaches to the latter by a threaded connection at F, by which differing lengths of such extension may be used to adapt the apparatus for filling casks having differing diameters, and by which the liquor may be delivered to the cask interior below the point at which the air displaced by the entering liquor emerges, and thus prevent the oppositely-moving currents of liquor and air from intermingling to produce foam. This pipe extension I is at its lower end recessed at o so as to form a passage to connect with the cock K when the pipe is raised.
The letter E designates a rubber ring ar ranged in a circular recess 6 formed in the stand-pipe interior, to encircle the entry port of'the branch pipe P, and the function of this ring is to pack the pipe I, so as to have it move in an air-tight connection with the entry-port of the stand-pipe.
The letter V designates the bung-valve, which at one of its side edges is hinged to ears V formed on the valve-seat rim V the valve having the passage 0 and the letter V designates a spring against the force of which the valve is forced downwardly to open. This valve, independently of its combination with the other factors with which it cooperates, forms no part of my invention. As thus constructed and arranged to be operated, to fill the barrel B with gas or air before filling it with liquor the stand-pipe is moved downwardly until its packing-ring R makes an engagement with the edge of the bung-hole, when the piston-rod b is actuated to move downwardly the pipe I sufliciently to open the bung-valve V and to have its port 19 open out within the barrel and the port 19 of the pipe I to register with the port 19 of the chamber A when the valve 17 on the branch pipe 19 is opened, and air or gas will enter the cask or barrel until the pressure upon the latter is equal to that upon the tank from which liquor is supplied to the branch pipe 19, the air or gas creating the pressure upon the cask or barrel entering from the chamber A through its port 19 and the part of the pipe I where inclosed by the partition D to pass down through the area (:1 thus inclosed to enter the barrel or cask through the port 19 \Vhen the pressure upon the barrel or cask is equal to that in the tank from which the pipe P is supplied, then the pipe I is moved down far enough to have its port 19 register with the port p of the branch pipe P, when the liquor will by gravity descend through the pipe I and its extension I to fillthe cask or barrel, the air or gas in the latter passing out through the port 19 into the area 61 and by means of the port 19 in the pipe I through the port 19 leading into the chamber A and through the branch pipe P The pipe P connects with the tank from which liquor is supplied to the pipe P by a pipe not shown. When the barrel or cask is thus filled, the valve '0 on the branch pipe P is closed, the pipe I is raised, allowing the spring bung-valve to close to retain the pressure, the liquor remainin g in the stand-pipe is drawn off through the cock K, and a bung is driven into the bung-hole above the spring-valve.
To operate the stand-pipe and its connected parts to engage with the bun g-hole or bunghole bushing of a barrel, the following mechanism is used:
The letter 11 designates a frame pendent from an attachment at its upper end, which is not shown, and this frame is provided with a stationary cross-bar 7L2.
The letter M designates another frame arranged to slide vertically in the sides h of the frame H.
The letters m, 111 ,412 and "m designate cross-bars, and the letters m the sides of the frame M.
The letter G designates a stem provided with a hand-wheel at its upper end, and this stem is threaded into a block biconnected to the stationary cross-bar ]L2, and at its lower end it is arranged to turn in a socket g secured to the top of the cross-bar on of the frame M. The stand-pipe and its branch connections are secured to the bottom cross-bars m and m. \Vith the frame parts thus constructed,and a barrel or cask is placed beneath the frame with the bung-hole of the former in vertical alinement with the stand-pipe C at its lower end, and the wheel W is turned, the frame M and its attached stand-pipe and branches are moved downwardly, with the lower end 6 of the stand-pipe entering the bung-hole, and the rubber ring R making an air-tight connection between the stand-pipe and the barrel or cask.
To operate the pipe I to descend within the stand-pipe, the following mechanism is used:
The letter a designates a shaft having its bearings in the side m and block b of the frame M at a and this shaft is provided with a'detent-wheel W and a detent pawl or dog g and on its inner end this shaft is provided with a pinion g, which meshes into a rack g constructed upon the side of the piston-rod 19 which connects with the pipe I.
The letter L designates a crank-arm connected to the shaft (o by which the latter, its detent-wheel, and its pinion operating the rack will movethe piston-rod b and the pipe I, the pawl or dog overrunning the teeth of the detent-wheel when operated to move the piston -rod downwardly and engaging with the teeth to prevent its reversing movement. By holding the dog away from engagement with the detent-wheel the shaft or may be, by the crank-arm, actuated to raise the pipe I.
While I have shown a mechanism for thus operating the apparatus to engage with the bung-hole of a cask or barrel and mechanism to operate the pipe I to rise and descend, I do not limit my invention of the combined standpipe and its port-closing and port-opening pipe I to their combination with the means which I show for operating them, as any other mechanism which will operate them in the same manner may be used.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. In an apparatus for barreling beer or other fermented liquors the combination with a stand-pipe adapted at its lower end to make an air-tight connection with the bung-hole of abarrel, and having a connecting branch pipe for the ingress or egress of air or gas; of the interiorly-placed port-opening and port-closing pipe I, having its interior vertically divided into the areas d and 61 the latter provided with the ports 19 p and p and the area 01 having the port 10; and means to operate said pipe I, to move downwardly for opening the ports 19 p and p to charge the barrel with gas or air, and then to move down still farther enough to have the port 19, register with the liquor-supplying pipe by which liquor may fill the barrel and the air replaced by the liquor pass through the port 19 from the barrel to enter the area 01 and thence to the air or gas branch pipe substantially in the manner as and for the purpose set forth.
2. The combination with the stand-pipe 0, provided with the rubber packing-rin g R, and having the connecting branch pipes P, and P of the port-opening and port-closing pipe I, having the piston-rod b and adapted to make a piston engagement with the interior of the stand-pipe O, and having the vertical partition D, dividing its interior into the areas C1 and (i the latter having the ports 10 ,13 and p and the area (1 having the port 1:), adapted to open out from the area d constructed and arranged to operate substantially in the manner as and for the purposes set forth.
3. The combination with the stand-pipe O, constructed to make an air-tight engagement at its lower end with the bung-hole of a barrel, and having the offset branch pipes 19, and p of the pipe I, having the vertically-divided-off areas (1 and d arranged therein and the ports 10 ,10 and 19*, opening out from the area (1 and the port 19, opening out from the area d with said pipe I adapted to make a piston engagement with the interior of the stand-pipe; and the pipe extension I adapted to attach to, or be detached from the lower end of the pipe I below its areas 01 and (1 substantially in the manner as and for the purposes set forth.
4. The combination with the bung hole valve V, located on the barrel interior beneath the bunghole, and operated bya spring to close the latter, of the stand-pipe O, having the rubber packing R, at its lower end, and actuated to descend into said bung-hole above the valve to make an air-tight connection therewith, and provided with a draw-off cock K; and the pipe I, making a piston engagement with the stand-pipe interior, and vertically recessed at T and means whereby said pipe may be operated to move downwardly to open said valve, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
5. In an apparatus for barreling fermented liquors under pressure, the combination with a stand-pipe constructed to make an air-tight connection with the bung-hole of a barrel, and provided with two branch pipes, each having a valve, with one of said branch pipes being adapted to supply liquor to the standpipe, and the other to supply air-pressure to the barrel to be filled, and to return said air to the tank from which the liquor is supplied, as the same is displaced by the entering liquor; of a pipe constructed to make a piston engagement with the stand-pipe interior, and provided with ports opening into said branch pipes, whereby as said interior pipe is raised, pressure may be applied to the barrel interior, and when moved downwardly liquor will pass into the barrel, and the air therein as displaced by the entering liquor, will be returned to the tank from which the liquor is supplied, substantially as shown and described.
Signed at the city of Troy, New York, this
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3105527A (en) * 1961-03-22 1963-10-01 Crawford Johnson Company Inc Apparatus for controlling a container valve and filling the container with a carbonated liquid

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3105527A (en) * 1961-03-22 1963-10-01 Crawford Johnson Company Inc Apparatus for controlling a container valve and filling the container with a carbonated liquid

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