US562707A - Andrew b graham - Google Patents

Andrew b graham Download PDF

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US562707A
US562707A US562707DA US562707A US 562707 A US562707 A US 562707A US 562707D A US562707D A US 562707DA US 562707 A US562707 A US 562707A
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keys
bar
machine
levers
movement
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING OR COUNTING
    • G06CDIGITAL COMPUTERS IN WHICH ALL THE COMPUTATION IS EFFECTED MECHANICALLY
    • G06C7/00Input mechanisms
    • G06C7/10Transfer mechanisms, e.g. transfer of a figure from a ten-key keyboard into the pin carriage

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  • Patented June 23, 1896 R (No Model.) 6 Sheets-Sheet 2.
  • the cash-registers nowin use consist mainly of two classes: first, machines which employ a series of operatingkeys or levers representing the various amounts to be indicated and registered, and in which the keys themselves directly actuate the indicating and registering mechanisms, so that the simple operation of any given key effects the indication and registration of its value; and, second, machines in which the keys do not directly actuate the indicating and registering mechanisms, but operate merely as stops, trips, or adjusting devices to control or determine the operation of the indicating and registering mechanisms, which latter are actuated from a source of power independent of the keys.
  • the operation consists in first setting the proper keys, and then applying power to the machine, through the medium of a lever, crank, or other suitable handle or hand device, to actuate the several mechanisms and effect the indication and registration corresponding to the set keys.
  • the machines first described are known as keymachines or single-motion machines, while the latter are generally called crankmachines or double motion machines.
  • the operation of the key-machines is commonly limited to indicating and registering the values of the operated keys, while the machines of the other class are generally provided with means for printing each amount indicated and registered, sometimes upon a single record-strip carried within the machine and sometimes upon a second strip, called a check-strip, the end of which, bearing the printed amount, is projected from the machine ateach operation into position to be severed from the strip, to serve as a detached check or ticket.
  • a check-strip the end of which, bearing the printed amount
  • the two classes of machines some key-machines having been devised which accomplish all the results of the double-motion machines, while some double-motion machines are lim- 5 ited in operation to indication and registration.
  • Another distinction between the two classes of machines consists in the fact that, as a rule, the doublemotion machines have a capacity for higher and a greater variety of values than do the key-machines, owing to the fact that in the latter machines the indication and registration of the amount of a sale is generally effected by operating a single key, or at most two keys, while in the double-motion machines, owing to the fact that the power is applied to the machine by a handle independent of the keys, at greater number of keys may be set, to represent a wider range of values, and the indication and registration be then effected with ease by operating the independent handle.
  • my present invention to produce a double-motion machine which shall have all the capacities and advantages of that class of machines, but which shall be built upon the general plan of a key-machine and embody the simplicity and economy of construction of such machines.
  • my invention may be said to consist in converting a key-machine into a double-motion machine without destroying or materially changing its organization as a key-machine, but producing a machine having a new mode of operation, differing from that of either the old keymachines or the old double-motion machines.
  • the new machine embodies a series of keys or key elements to represent different values, an independent driving or operating mechanism having a definite movement at each operation of the machine, and means for connecting the keys at will with such mechanism, whereby the connected keys will be given their full and proper movement by such driving mechanism and caused to actuate the indicating, registering, printing, or other mechanisms with which they are arranged to cooperate.
  • key-machines there is a movable bar or frame of some sort common to all the regular keys of the machine, which bar or frame is moved by the operation of any one of the keys, being generally given the same definite movement by the operation of different keys.
  • some machines heretofore devised means have been provided for automatically attaching the operated keys to this movable bar or frame at the beginning of their movement, so that a number of keys may be started in succession, and the operation of all of them be carried out and completed, to effect the indication and registra tion of their combined values, by fully depressing or operating any one or another of the keys so started.
  • Figure 1 represents a front elevation of my new machine removed from its casing; Fig. 2, a top plan view of the same; Fig. 3,-an elevation of the right-hand end of the same; Fig. 4, a vertical section approximately on the line 4 atof Fig. 2; Fig. 5, a vertical section approximately on the line 5 5 of Fig. 2; Fig. 6, avertical section approximately on the line 6 6 of Fig. 2; Fig. 6, a detail of the segment or mutilated gear by which the check-strip rollers are driven; Fig. 7, a detail view of the printingwheels and the shaft and sleeves to which they are secured; Fig. 8, a detail view of the inking devices for the printing-wheels, and Fig. 9 detail of the locking device for the special printing-wheel.
  • the operating-keys of the machine illustrated in the accompanying drawings consist of levers A, fulcrumed about midway of their length upon a horizontal shaft B, extending from side to side of the machine in the lower forward part thereof.
  • the rear ends of the levers A rest upon the cross-bar O of the framework and are guided in their vertical movements in slots in a guideplate D, extending across the rear of the machine.
  • Mounted in guides over the rear ends of the levers A are the vertical rods E, carrying at their upper ends the numbered indicators F, representing the values of the respective keys by which they are operated.
  • the rods E are provided on their rear sides with supporting projections G, which cooperate with the usual pivoted supporting bar or win g G by which the operated indicators are temporarily held in exposed position.
  • the finger-buttons at the front ends of the levers A by which the front ends of the levers are depressed, and which bear numbers representing the values of the respective levers, are not fastened directly upon the front ends of the levers, as in my prior patent, (and as they might be in the present instance,) but are secured upon the upper ends of stems or pins H, held and guided vertically in a crossplate I of the framework and arranged one over the front end of each lever A.
  • the front ends of the latter terminate beneath the plate I and do not project outside the casing of the machine.
  • movable bar or frame J Overlying the entire lot of keys, in rear of their fulcrum-shaft B and hung at its opposite forward corners to the side frames of the machine, is the movable bar or frame J, heretofore referred to, Fig. 4c.
  • This bar is provided along the lower side of its rear edge with a rearwardly-extending flange J, while immediately above the flange and extending forward into the bar is a slot J running longitudinally from one end of the bar to the other.
  • the key-levers A are provided immediately in rear of the flange J with the usual slotted lugs or hooks K, which are adapted to catch over the flange J and plates J 3 when the rear ends of the levers are lifted.
  • the flange J of the movable bar does not rest directly upon the levers A, but by means hereinafter described is normally held, in its position of rest, a slight distance above the levers, so that the rear edges of the plates J 3 stand directly in the path of the points of the hooks K.
  • any other known or suitable devices for the purpose may be employed, such for instance as those shown and described in Patent No. 490,160, to Pritehard, or No. 4.993%, to Juengst.
  • crank-handle N secured upon the outer end of a short shaft L, j ournaled in a bearing in the frame-plate M, which supports the printing attachment at the right-hand end of the machine, hereinafter described, is a crank-handle N, by which such shaft may be turned.
  • the grasping portion of such handle is provided at its inner end with a catch 0, Fi 2, which cooperates with a stop P upon the plate M and is cont-rolled by a thumb-piece Q in the usual manner, so that by pressing in said thumb-piece the catch will be disengaged from the stop, and upon then turning the handle until the catch contacts with the stop again the shaft will be given acomplete revolution.
  • a gear E, Fig. which meshes with a second gear S, mounted upon a stub-shaft supported by the plate M, while the gear S meshes with a third gear T, fast IlO upon the left-hand end of a shaft U, eXtend ing to the right through the plate M, Fig. 1, and journaled at its extreme right-hand end in the side plate of the printing attachment, hereinafter referred to.
  • Fig. Pivoted to the side of the gear T, (or in this instance to a cam-disk formed integral with the gear upon its left side for a purpose hereinafter described, Fig.
  • the gear B has formed upon its left side a ratchet X, with which cooperates a spring-pressed pawl Y, pivoted to a stud upon the plate M.
  • the bar J may be given its movement by any suitable operating or power-applying device, yet a rotary handle and an intermediate crank-andpitman connection such as above described afford a desirable and advantageous means for the purpose.
  • a rotary handle and an intermediate crank-andpitman connection such as above described afford a desirable and advantageous means for the purpose.
  • the handle has to make a complete revolution while the bar J is moving back and forth through a very short distance, it follows that the movement of such bar and of the keys connected to it will necessarily be comparatively slow, so that even if the handle be turned with great rapidity the bar and keys will not be moved quickly enough to cause any shock or jar to the machine, or any danger of overthrow or excess movement from the momentum of the parts.
  • the registering and printing mechanisms of the machine are similar to those shown and described in my prior patent, No. 497,861, and may be here briefly described as follows:
  • the registering-wheels A are mounted in a rock ing frame B, fulcrumed on a shaft C, sup- IIO . pieces or arms.
  • Each frame is composed of two end pieces or arms, an integral cross-bar connecting them in rear of the shaft H, and a red I, connecting the extreme rear ends of their end
  • the frames E F are loose upon the shaft H, and their segments D are secured to their adjacent ends and cooperate with the pinions of the first and second registering-wheels, while the frame G is fast upon the shaft H, and its segment D, instead of being secured to the frame, is fastened upon the shaft H immediately at the left of the segment of the frame F, in position to cooperate with the pinion of the third registering-wheel.
  • rocking registering-fram es above described corresponds to each set of keys, and each frame is given different degrees of movement by the operation of the different keys of its set, proportionate to their respective values, by means of a series of lifter arms or plates L,' Fig. 4, pivoted at their lower ends to the sides of the levers A near their rear ends, and provided upon their forward sides .toward their upper ends with recesses and lifting-fingers M, adapted to cooperate with the red I of the corresponding registering frame.
  • the fingers M upon the plates L of each set are arranged at graduated distances from the rod 1 of the registeringframe, so that they will engage said rod at different points in the movements of the respective key-levers, and thereby impart different degrees of movement to the registering-frame according to their respective values, as fully shown and explained in my aforesaid prior patents.
  • the lifter-plates L are provided upon their rear sides with shoulders N, arranged in graduated order, corresponding to the fingers M upon their front sides, which shoulders cooperate with a fixed cross-bar Oof the framework to positively throw the lifters L into engagement with the rod 1 of the reg istering-frame at the proper time and maintain it in engagement therewith during the further upward movement of the lifter, as also described in my said patents.
  • the rocking frame B which carries the registering-wheels A, is vibrated back and forth at each operation of the machine to throw the pinions of the three right-hand wheels into and out of mesh with their cooperatin g segments D in such manner that the movements of the segments in one direction will be transmitted to theregistering-wheels, while the latter will be disengaged from the segments during their movement in the opposite direction.
  • This rocking movement of the frame B is effected by suitable connections of the frame with cams P Q, fast upon a retary shaft R, Fig. 4, said shaft being given one complete revolution at each operation of the machine.
  • this shaft is given its rotation by suitable motion-converting devices interposed between it and the movable bar J overlying the key-levers, and it may be so actuated in the present instance, but I prefer to dispense with the devices heretofore employed between said shaft and the bar J and to simply gear the shaft to the operatinghandle N through the medium of suitable gears driven by the gears R S T, heretofore described, Fig. 6.
  • the printing-wheels S T U are secured, respectively, upon the outer ends of a shaft V and two concentric sleeves XV X, Fig. 7, which shaft and sleeves are geared at their left-hand inner ends to the respective segments D, as in my prior machine, Fig. 4.
  • Each of the printing-wheels is provided with two diametrically opposite sets of type numbers, Fig. 3, representing the nine digits, and adapted to cooperate at diametrically opposite printing-points with impression-platens A B pivoted to studs projecting from the plate M and connected at C in such manner as to cause the movement of one platen away from the printing-wheels to impart a like movementto the other platen.
  • levers are moved in one direction, to retract the platens and put the springs under tension, by a cam D fast upon the end of the rotary shaft R, heretofore described, and cooperating with a projection upon the upper side of the lever B
  • the position of this cam D is such that during the setting of the typewheels it will press back the levers A B and retract the platens, and after the wheels have been set and before they begin their return movement to normal position it will release the levers and permit the springs to throw the platens against the types which have been brought to the printing-points.
  • the printing at the lower side of the typewheels is effected upon a paper record-strip E carried upon a supply-reel F and led thence over suitable guides and wound upon a storage-reel G which latter is actuated by suitable mechanism to draw forward and wind up a small portion of the strip at each operation of the machine.
  • the reel G is actuated by a hooked pawl H pivoted to the lever B and cooperating with a ratchet 1*, fast upon the hub of the reel, the pawl reaching forward and engaging a new tooth of the ratchet each time the platens are thrown against the type-wheels, and being drawn backward and moving the reel with it as the platens are retracted by the cam D".
  • a suitable spring-pressed holding-pawl L cooperates with the ratchet I", to prevent backward movement of the reel.
  • the printing at the upper printing-point, above the type-wheels, is effected upon a paper strip M carried by a reel supported upon an upright standard N and led downthe gear T in Fig. 6.
  • roller P is geared to the operating-handle through the train of gears R S T, heretofore described, Fig. 6, and a pinion R fast upon the extreme left-hand end of the spindle of the roller, at the left of the plate M, and meshing with a mutilated gear S formed or secured upon the right side of the gear T.
  • the gear S is provided with teeth upon only about one-half of its periphery, so that at each revolution it will turn the pinion R and the rollers P 0 only one complete revolution, to advance the strip M
  • the two rollers are geared together, and in the present instance, as in my prior machine, one of them consists of a plain impression-roller, and the other of a type-cylinder containing consecutive numbering and dating wheels, and bearing an electrotype, by which the checks are numbered and dated and the desired advertising matter printed upon them.
  • the cam-disk T formed upon the left side of the gear T operates a locking-lever U whose upper end cooperates with a disk V fast upon the extreme left-hand end of the spindle of the roller P Fig. 6.
  • Said disk has in it a single notch in which the upper end of the lever U fits and is held by the cam-disk T except when the mutilated gear S upon the right side of the gear T is in mesh with the pinion R upon the spindle of the roller P
  • the gears T and S and the cam-disk T turn together, and as the gear S comes into mesh with the pinion the cam-disk releases the lever U and unlocks the roller P and permits the gear S to turn it.
  • the strip h 2 passes forward beneath a vertically-reciprocating knife-bar A Figs. 1, 2, and 3, which coop erates with a fixed knife-bar or shearing edge (not shown) supported between the plates M and Q beneath and immediately in rear of the knife-bar A.
  • the latter is guided at its right-hand end in slotted plate 13', Fig. 3, while its left-hand end is secured to a block G surrounding and rigidly secured to a vertical rod D mounted to reciprocate in a bracket-plate E secured to the side of the plate M, Figs. 1 and 6.
  • Fitting in a slot in the rear side of the block 0 is the front end of a lever F fulcrumed upon the left side of the plate M, Fig.
  • a fourthwheel V located immediately at the left of the three wheels before described, Fig. 7, and secured upon the right-hand end of a sleeve X surrounding the sleeve which carries the type-wheel.
  • This sleeve X is geared at its left-hand end, Figs. 2 and 7, to the rear end of a rotary shaft Y suitably journaled in the framework and in a bearing upon the plate I, and having secured upon its front end a thumb-piece Z by which it may be turned, and an index disk A bearing a series of letters or characters corresponding to the type letters or characters upon the printing-wheel V in this instance the first nine letters of the alphabet.
  • This index cooperates with a fixed pointer 13,
  • the adjustment of the part is such that when the shaft Y is turned until any given one of the letters upon the index-disk stands opposite the pointer B the corresponding type-letters upon the printing-wheel W will stand at the two printing-points.
  • the shaft Y is turned to the right, by means of a thumb-piece Z to set the wheel W the spring 0 is put under tension.
  • the sleeve X has fast upon it a ratchet D Fig.
  • the platens Y Z are wide enough to cooperate with all four of the type-wheels, so that at each operation there may be printed upon the two paper strips not only the amount of the sale but some one of the letters or characters shown upon the disk A and type-wheel 7
  • This special printing device maybe used for a variety of purposes, its most common use being to designate either the different clerks who make the respective sales, or the different classes of goods sold, as in stores divided into a number of departments and in which it is desired to keep a distinct record of the sales in each department.
  • the clerk In using the machine, if, for example, the sale has been made by clerk D, (or from department D,) the clerk, after setting the proper keys and before operating the handle N, will turn the thumbpieoe Z until the letter D on the disk A stands opposite the pointer B and upon then giving the handle N a revolution the printing will be effected and the parts released and restored to initial position, ready for the next operation.
  • the latter and the printing-wheel may be set to print any desired letter or character, and be then looked in such position by reengaging the bolt with the disk. lVhen desired, the bolt may be left disengaged from the disk, so that the parts will then operate in the manner first described, as though the bolt and lock were absent.
  • a three-armed lever M whose two opposite arms N engage notches or shoulders upon the plates K while its third arm 0 extends at right angles thereto and projects below the plate If for a purpose hereinafter explained.
  • the lever M is connected to the plate L by slots and pins at P, so as to be carried by the plate in its rocking movements upon its axis, but also capable of slight independent movement.
  • a stud upon the outer side of the plate L near its lower end fits in a slot in the upper end of an arm Q fast at its lower forward end upon a rock-shaft R journaled at its opposite ends in the plates M and Q below the rotary shaft U, heretofore described.
  • a second arm S fast upon the shaft R projects into the path of a cam T, fast upon the shaft U, so that at each operation of the machine the shaft R will be rocked and the upper end of the arm Q thrown rearward and downward, thereby rocking the plate L into substantially vertical position.
  • the plate L will carry the lever M with it in this movement, asbefore explained, and as it approaches its limit of movement the arm 0 of the lever will contact with a stop-pin U upon the frame-plate M, Fig. 3, thereby arresting the lever B and causing slight independent movement of the plate L
  • This independent or relative movement of the plate L and lever M will cause the arms N of the lever to rock the plates K and throw the inking-pads G H against the type-wheels to ink the types.
  • the machine rests upon a base A, containing the usual money-drawer 13*. lVhen closed; this drawer is locked by the engagement with the upper edge of its rear wall of the rear end of one arm of a three-armed lever C pivoted at D near the front end of its forwardly-extending arm, and having the upper end of its upwardly-extending arm standing in the path of a cam E upon the rotary shaft B, Fig. 4.
  • the cam will lift the lever and disengage it from the moneydrawer and permit the latter to be thrown open by the usual spring placed behind it.
  • I claim 1 In a cash-register, the combination of a series of keys for actuating the several mech anisms of the machine, a driving mechanism operated independently of said keys, and means for connecting a plurality of keys at will with said driving mechanism, whereby at any given operation of the machine the necessarykeys maybe connected to said mechanism and the latter be then operated to transmit its movement through such keys to the mechanisms to be actuated by them, substantially as described.
  • a cash-register the combination of a series of keys, a type-carrier, means intermediate the keys and carrier for causing the movements of the keys to set the carrier to print their respective values, a driving mechanism operated independently of said keys and having a definite movement at each operation of the machine, means for connecting the keys at will with such mechanism to cause it to give them their full movements, and a platen actuated by said mechanism and cooperating with the type-carrier, substantially as described.
  • a cash-register the combination of a series of keys representing different values, a type-carrier, means intermediate the carrier and keys for causing the movements of the latter to set the carrier, to print their respective values, a platen cooperating with the carrier, means for feeding a paper strip past the printing-point, a knife for severing the printed check from the strip, an independent driving mechanism having a definite movement at each operation of the machine, and means for connecting the keys at will with such mechanism, to cause it to give them their full movements, the platen, stripfeeding mechanism, and knife being actuated by said driving mechanism, substantially as described.
  • a cashregister the combination of a series of keys representing different values, indicating and registering mechanisms operated thereby, to indicate and register the values of the respective keys, a type-carrier set by the respective keys to print their values, an independent driving mechanism having a definite movement at each operation of the machine, means for connecting the keys at will with said mechanism, and a platen actuated by said mechanism and cooperating with the type-carrier, substantially as described.
  • I11 a cash-register, the combination of a series of key-levers, a movable bar or frame common thereto, means for attaching the re spective lovers to said bar, and means oper ated imlependently of the key-levers to give ICC IIO
  • said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine and cause it to actuate the levers attached to it, substantially as described.
  • I11 a cash-register, the combination of a series of key-levers, a movable bar or frame extending across their rear ends, means for attaching the rear ends of the levers to said bar upon slightly depressing their front ends, and means independent of the key-levers for giving said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine, to raise and lower the rear ends of the keys attached to it, substantially as described.
  • a cash-register In a cash-register, the combination of a series of key-levers, a movable bar or frame extending across their rear ends, means for attaching the rear ends of the key-levers to said bar when their front ends are slightly depressed, a series of setting-keys arranged over the front ends of the key-levers, but independent thereof, for slightly depressing them to connect their rear ends with the movable bar, said setting-keys having a limit of movement just sufficient to connect the levers to the movable bar or frame and means independent of the key-levers for giving said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine, for the purpose described.
  • a registering mechanism In a cash-register, the combination of a registering mechanism, a series of keys representing different values, a movable bar or frame common thereto, means for attaching the respective keys to said bar, means operated independently of the keys for giving said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine, and means intermediate the keys and registering mechanism for causing the operated keys to register their values upon such mechanism when actuated by the movable bar or frame, substantially as described.
  • I11 a cash-register, the combination of a series of sets of keys representing different denominations of value, a series of registering-wheels, one Wheel for each set of keys, for registering corresponding denominations of value, a series of registering-frames, one intermediate each set of keys and its registering-Wheel, means intermediate each set of keys and its corresponding registering-frame for causing the different keys of each set to impart different degrees of movement to said frame, a movable bar or frame common to all the sets of keys, means for attaching keys in different sets to said movable bar or frame, and means independent of the keys for giving said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine, substantially as described.
  • a cash-register the combination of a series of sets of key-levers representing dif ferent denominations of value, a series of registering-Wheels, one Wheel for each set of keylevers, a series of registering-frames, one intermediate each set of levers and its correspondin g registering-Wheel, a series of graduated lifters intermediate the levers of each set and the corresponding registering-frame, for causing uniform movement of the levers to impart different degrees of movement to said frame and its cooperating registering Wheel, a movable bar or frame extending across the rear ends of the key-levers of all the sets, means for attaching levers of different sets to said bar upon slightly depressing the front ends of said levers, and means independent of the levers for giving said movable bar or frame a definite movement at each operation of the machine, substantially as described.
  • a series of keys representing different values
  • a series of indicators adapted to be exposed to view by the movement of the respective keys
  • a movable bar or frame common to the keys
  • means for attaching the respective keys to said bar and means operated independently of the keys for giving the bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine and causing the attached keys to expose their respective indicators, substantially as described.
  • a cash-register the combination of a series of key-levers representing different values, a series of vertically-reciproeating indicator-rods arranged above their rear ends and carrying indicators representing the values of the respective levers, a movable bar or frame extending across the rear ends of the levers, means for attaching the rear ends of the levers to said bar when their front ends are slightly depressed, means independent of the keys for giving said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine to cause the attached levers to lift their corresponding indicators into exposed position, and means for temporarily holding such indicators in such position, substantially as described.
  • the combination of a series of keys representing different values, a type-carrier or printing-Wheel representing corresponding values, means intermediate the different keys and the type-carrier for causing uniform movement of the keys to move the type-carrier to different positions to bring to the printing-point the type-number representing the value of the operated key, a platen cooperating with the carrier, a movable bar or frame common to the keys, means for attaching the respective keys to said bar, and means independent of the keys for giving said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine and actuating the platen to ef vfect the printing, substantially as described.
  • a cash-register the combination, of a series of keys representing different values, a type-carrier representing corresponding values, means intermediate the keys and carrier for causing the uniform movements of the keys to set the carrier in different positions, to print their respective values, a platen cooperating with the carrier, means for feeding a paper strip between the platen and carrier, a movable bar or frame common to the keys, means for attaching the keys to said bar, and means independent of the keys for giving said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine and actuating the platen and strip-feeding mechanism, substantially as described.
  • a cash-register the combination of a series of keys representing different values, a type-carrier representing corresponding values, means intermediate the keys and carrier for causing the uniform movements of the keys to set the carrier in different positions, to print their respective values, a platen cooperating with the carrier, means for feeding a paper check-strip past the printing-point and advancing a given portion of it at each operation of the machine, a knife for severing the printed check from the strip, a movable bar or frame common to the keys, means for attaching the respective keys to said bar, and means independent of the keys for giving said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine and actuating the platen, stripfeeding mechanism and knife, substantially as described.
  • the combination of a series of keys representing different values, a type-carrier representing corresponding values, means intermediate the keys and carrier for causing the uniform movements of the keys to set the carrier in different positions, to print their respective values, a platen cooperating With the carrier, a pair of combined printing and feeding rollers for moving a check-strip past the printing-point and projecting a portion of it from the machine at each operation, a knife for severing the proj ecting portion from the strip, a movable bar or frame common to the keys, means for attaching the respective keys to said bar, and means independent of the keys for giving said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine and actuating the platen, feedrollers and knife, substantially as described.
  • a cash-register the combination of a series of keys representing different values, indicating and registering devices and a typecarrier operated by the movements of the keys, a platen cooperating with the type-carrier, a movable bar or frame common to the keys, means for attaching the keys to said bar, and means independent of the keys for actuating the platen and giving the bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine, substantially as described.
  • a cash-register the combination of a series of keys representing different values, indicating, registering, and printing mechan isms operated by the movements of the keys, to indicate, register, and print their respective values, check-strip feeding and cutting mechanisms for advancing the printed check and severing it from the strip, a movable bar or frame common to the keys, means for attaching the keys to said bar, and means independent of the keys for giving said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine and actuating the feeding and cutting mechanisms, substantially as described.
  • a cash-register the combination of a series of keys representing different values, indicating, registering, and printing mechanisms operated by the movements of the keys, to indicate, register, and print their respective values, a money-drawer, a latch for normally holding the same closed, a movable bar or frame common to the keys, means for attaching the keys to said bar, and means independent of the keys for giving said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine and disengaging the latch from the money-drawer, substantially as described.
  • a cash-register the combination of a series of sets of keys representing different denominations of values, indicating and registering mechanisms operated by the movements of the keys to indicate and register their respective values, a series of type-carriers, one for each set of keys, means intermediate the several sets of keys and their respective type-carriers for causing the move ment of any key to set the corresponding carrier to print its value, a platen cooperating with the type-carriers, a movable bar or frame common to the keys of all the sets, means for attaching the keys of different sets to said bar, and means for giving said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine and actuating the platen to print the values of the operated keys, substantially as described.
  • a cash-register the combination of a series of keys, indicating and registering devices and a type-carrier operated by the movements of the keys, a platen cooperating with the type-carrier, a movable bar or frame common to the keys, means for attaching the keys to said bar, and a rotary handle and connections for giving said bar a definite reciprocating movement at each operation of the machine, and actuating the platen, substantially as described.
  • I11 a cash-register, the combination of a series of keys, indicating and registering devices and a type-carrier operated by the movements of the keys, a platen cooperating with the type-carrier, feeding and cutting mechanisms for advancing a paper checkstrip and cutting it into checks or tickets, a movable bar or frame common to the keys, means for attaching the keys to said bar, and a rotary handle and connections for giving said bar a definite reciprocating movement at each operation and actuating the feeding and cutting mechanisms and platen, substantially as described.
  • a cash-register the combination of a series of key-levers, indicating and registering devices and a type-carrier, operated by the movements thereof, a platen cooperating with the type-carrier, a movable bar or frame overlying the rear ends of said levers, means w'attaching the rear ends of the levers to said bar by slightly depressing their front ends, and a rotary handle and connections for giving said bar a definite reciprocatingmovement at each operation of the machine and actuating the platen, substantially as described.
  • a cash-register the combination of a series of key-levers, indicating and registering devices and a type-carrier operated by the movements thereof, a platen cooperating with the type-carrier, feeding and cutting mechanisms for advancing a paper checkstrip and cutting it into checks, a movable bar or frame overlying the rear ends of the keylevers, means for attaching the rear ends of the levers to said bar by slightly depressing their front ends, and a rotary handle and connections for giving said bar a definite reciprocating movement at each operation of the machine and actuating the feeding and cutting mechanisms and platen, substantially as described.
  • a cash-register the combination,with the cash-printing wheels, and the driving mechanism for setting the same of a special printing-wheel for printing letters or characters, means for setting the special wheel, a resetting-spring put under tension by setting said wheel, a latch for holding the wheel in set position, and a trip for the latch operated by the driving mechanism of the machine to automatically release the wheel after the printing has been effected, substantially as described.
  • a cash-register the combinatiomwith the cash-printing wheels,of a special printingwheel for printing letters or characters, a settin g-shaft geared to the special wheel, for setting it, an index cooperating with said shaft, a resetting-spring therefor, a ratchet turning with the wheel, a pawl cooperating with the ratchet, and a trip for automatically disengaging the pawl from the ratchet after the printing has been effected, to release the special wheel and permit the spring to return it and the setting-shaft to initial position, substantially as described.

Description

(No Model.)
7 6 SheetsSheet 1 T. OARNEY. CASH REGISTER, INDICATOR, RECORDER, AND CHECK PRINTER. No. 562,707.
Patented June 23, 1896 R (No Model.) 6 Sheets-Sheet 2.
T. GARNEY. CASH REGISTER, INDICATOR, RECORDER, AND CHECK PRINTER.
No. 562,707. Patented June 23, 1896.
(No Model.) I 6 SheetsSheet 3. T. OARNEY. CASH REGISTER, INDICATOR, RECORDER, AND CHECK PRINTER.
No. 562,707. Patented June 23, 1896.
M. morn-mm: WASHI NGTDN n (No Model.) 6 Sheets-Sheet 4. T. CARNEY. CASJH REGISTER, INDICATOR, RECORDER, AND CHECK PRINTER.
No. 562,707. Patented June 23, 1896.
ANDRHN B.GRAMAM PHUIO-U'THQWASHINBYONDE (No Model.) 6 Sheets-Sheet 5. T. GARNEY.
CASH REGISTER, INDICATOR, RECORDER, AND CHECK PRINTER. No. 562,707. Patented June 23, 1896.
(No Model.) 6 Sheets--Sheet 6. T. GARNEY. CASH REGISTER, INDICATOR, RECORDER, AND CHECK PRINTER. No. 562,707.
Patented June 23, 1896.
IMF/ZZZ? ANDREW B GRAHAM PHOTO Llmo WASHINGTON DC UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
THOMAS OARNEY, OF DAYTON, OHIO, ASSIGNOR TO THE NATIONAL CASH REGISTER COMPANY, OF SAME PLACE.
CASH REGISTER, INDICATOR, RECORDER, AND CHECK-PRINTER.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 562,707, dated June 23, 1896.
Application filed May 2 3, l 89 5.
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, THOMAS CARNEY, a citizen of the United States, residing at Dayton, in the county of Montgomery and State of Ohio, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Cash-Registers andAnalogous Machines, of which the following is a description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specifloat-ion.
The cash-registers nowin use consist mainly of two classes: first, machines which employ a series of operatingkeys or levers representing the various amounts to be indicated and registered, and in which the keys themselves directly actuate the indicating and registering mechanisms, so that the simple operation of any given key effects the indication and registration of its value; and, second, machines in which the keys do not directly actuate the indicating and registering mechanisms, but operate merely as stops, trips, or adjusting devices to control or determine the operation of the indicating and registering mechanisms, which latter are actuated from a source of power independent of the keys. In the latter machine the operation consists in first setting the proper keys, and then applying power to the machine, through the medium of a lever, crank, or other suitable handle or hand device, to actuate the several mechanisms and effect the indication and registration corresponding to the set keys. The machines first described are known as keymachines or single-motion machines, while the latter are generally called crankmachines or double motion machines. The operation of the key-machines is commonly limited to indicating and registering the values of the operated keys, while the machines of the other class are generally provided with means for printing each amount indicated and registered, sometimes upon a single record-strip carried within the machine and sometimes upon a second strip, called a check-strip, the end of which, bearing the printed amount, is projected from the machine ateach operation into position to be severed from the strip, to serve as a detached check or ticket. There are exceptions to the above general statements of the capacities of Serial No- 550,36Z. (No model.)
the two classes of machines, some key-machines having been devised which accomplish all the results of the double-motion machines, while some double-motion machines are lim- 5 ited in operation to indication and registration. Another distinction between the two classes of machines consists in the fact that, as a rule, the doublemotion machines have a capacity for higher and a greater variety of values than do the key-machines, owing to the fact that in the latter machines the indication and registration of the amount of a sale is generally effected by operating a single key, or at most two keys, while in the double-motion machines, owing to the fact that the power is applied to the machine by a handle independent of the keys, at greater number of keys may be set, to represent a wider range of values, and the indication and registration be then effected with ease by operating the independent handle. There are also exceptions to this distinction between the two classes of machines, for key-machines have been devised in which three or more keys may be employed at the same operation, to indicate and register as wide a range of values as can be done in machines of the other class; but in such instances, in which power is applied to the machine solely through the keys, the operation cannot be effected with as much ease and certainty as in the doublemotion machines.
Owing to the differences in the modes of operation and capacities of the two classes of machines above referred to, they have generally diifered widely from each other in their construction and arrangement of parts, and of the machines now upon the market and in general use the double-motion machines are generally more complicated in their mechanism and far more expensive to manufacture than are the keymachines. For illustration, a familiar form of key-machine now in general use is that made under the Ritty and Birch patent, No. 271,363, while a familiar form of double-motion machine is that built under Patents Nos. leaner and 483,511, to Cook, a second form of such double-motion machines being found in Patent No. 466,710, to Carney.
It is the object of my present invention to produce a double-motion machine which shall have all the capacities and advantages of that class of machines, but which shall be built upon the general plan of a key-machine and embody the simplicity and economy of construction of such machines. In brief, my invention may be said to consist in converting a key-machine into a double-motion machine without destroying or materially changing its organization as a key-machine, but producing a machine having a new mode of operation, differing from that of either the old keymachines or the old double-motion machines. The new machine embodies a series of keys or key elements to represent different values, an independent driving or operating mechanism having a definite movement at each operation of the machine, and means for connecting the keys at will with such mechanism, whereby the connected keys will be given their full and proper movement by such driving mechanism and caused to actuate the indicating, registering, printing, or other mechanisms with which they are arranged to cooperate.
In the preferred form in whichI have practically embodied my invention it is carried out in the following manner and by the following means:
In all, or nearly all, key-machines there is a movable bar or frame of some sort common to all the regular keys of the machine, which bar or frame is moved by the operation of any one of the keys, being generally given the same definite movement by the operation of different keys. In some machines heretofore devised means have been provided for automatically attaching the operated keys to this movable bar or frame at the beginning of their movement, so that a number of keys may be started in succession, and the operation of all of them be carried out and completed, to effect the indication and registra tion of their combined values, by fully depressing or operating any one or another of the keys so started. In m y new machine, in stead of actuating this movable bar or frame by some one of the several keys so set or started, whereby the entire load of the machine has to be borne or overcome by the single key by which the operation is finally carried out, I connect the movable bar or frame with an independent operating device, such as the crank or other handle of the ordinary twomotion machine, so that in operating the machine the proper keys are started or set by slightly moving them and thereby attaching them to the common bar or frame, and then the latter is given a definite movement by power applied to the independent operating device. All the keys which have been set are thus given a full movement, just as though they'had all been simultaneously depressed directly by the hands of the operator, and their full Values thereby indicated and registered, and also printed in event the machine is provided with a printing attachment.
The machines embodying my present invention which I have thus far built have been constructed upon the plan of the machine shown and described in Patents Nos. 497,860 and 497,861, heretofore granted to me, and my invcntion will be hereinafter explained and described in connection with an illustration of such a machine in the drawings, but, except as may be particularly pointed out or indicated by the terms of my claims, my invention is not in any way restricted to such machines.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 represents a front elevation of my new machine removed from its casing; Fig. 2, a top plan view of the same; Fig. 3,-an elevation of the right-hand end of the same; Fig. 4, a vertical section approximately on the line 4 atof Fig. 2; Fig. 5, a vertical section approximately on the line 5 5 of Fig. 2; Fig. 6, avertical section approximately on the line 6 6 of Fig. 2; Fig. 6, a detail of the segment or mutilated gear by which the check-strip rollers are driven; Fig. 7, a detail view of the printingwheels and the shaft and sleeves to which they are secured; Fig. 8, a detail view of the inking devices for the printing-wheels, and Fig. 9 detail of the locking device for the special printing-wheel.
As shown and described in my prior patents Nos. 497,860 and 497,861, the operating-keys of the machine illustrated in the accompanying drawings consist of levers A, fulcrumed about midway of their length upon a horizontal shaft B, extending from side to side of the machine in the lower forward part thereof. The rear ends of the levers A rest upon the cross-bar O of the framework and are guided in their vertical movements in slots in a guideplate D, extending across the rear of the machine. Mounted in guides over the rear ends of the levers A are the vertical rods E, carrying at their upper ends the numbered indicators F, representing the values of the respective keys by which they are operated. The rods E are provided on their rear sides with supporting projections G, which cooperate with the usual pivoted supporting bar or win g G by which the operated indicators are temporarily held in exposed position.
The finger-buttons at the front ends of the levers A, by which the front ends of the levers are depressed, and which bear numbers representing the values of the respective levers, are not fastened directly upon the front ends of the levers, as in my prior patent, (and as they might be in the present instance,) but are secured upon the upper ends of stems or pins H, held and guided vertically in a crossplate I of the framework and arranged one over the front end of each lever A. The front ends of the latter terminate beneath the plate I and do not project outside the casing of the machine.
In the machine shown in the accompanying drawings, as in that of myprior patents, there are exhibited three sets of cash-keys, each set containing nine keys representing IIC the nine digits or multiples thereof, and the keys of the right-hand set serving to represent units of cents, those of the middle set tens of cents, and those of the left-hand set units of dollars. The three sets of cash-keys are separated by two special keys, while two additional special keys are shown at opposite sides of the machine. The upper ends of the indicator-rods E of each set are so bent as to bring all of the indicators of the set into line one behind the other, while the spaces between the several sets of indicators and at the opposite ends of the three sets are occupied by the indicators of the special keys.
lVhile a machine embodying three sets of cash-keys, as above described, will serve to illustrate my present invention, yet it will be understood from the general description of the invention given at the beginning of the specification that it may be utilized to greater advantage in machines employing a larger number of keys.
In some of the machines in which I have embodied the invention I have used five sets of keys, so that the machines are capable of indicating and registering any amount from one cent to nine hundred and ninety-nine dollars and ninetynine cents, instead of being limited to amounts from one cent to nine dollars and ninety-nine cents, as in the machine shown in the accompanying drawings.
Overlying the entire lot of keys, in rear of their fulcrum-shaft B and hung at its opposite forward corners to the side frames of the machine, is the movable bar or frame J, heretofore referred to, Fig. 4c. This bar is provided along the lower side of its rear edge with a rearwardly-extending flange J, while immediately above the flange and extending forward into the bar is a slot J running longitudinally from one end of the bar to the other. Resting upon the flange J, with their forward edges projecting into the slot J 2 and their rear edges projecting over the rear edge of the flange J, are three thin plates J one for each set of keys and extending transversely across the same, as shown and described in detail in my aforesaid prior patents. These plates are secured to the flange J by pins J passing through the bar J and through backwardly and forwardly extending slots in the plates, while confined in the slot .1 in the bar J are a series of coiled springs J which serve to press the plates J 3 rearward and yieldingly hold them in normal rear position.
The key-levers A are provided immediately in rear of the flange J with the usual slotted lugs or hooks K, which are adapted to catch over the flange J and plates J 3 when the rear ends of the levers are lifted. In the present instance the flange J of the movable bar does not rest directly upon the levers A, but by means hereinafter described is normally held, in its position of rest, a slight distance above the levers, so that the rear edges of the plates J 3 stand directly in the path of the points of the hooks K. It results from this that when the front end of any lever A is slightly depressed and its rear end raised the point of its hook will contact with the plate J 3 in front of the hook and press it slightly forward into its slot in the bar J until the point of the hook clears the edge of the plate, whereupon the latter will spring rearward beneath the point of the hook, and the lever thereby become coupled to the bar J, so that if the latter be then moved upward it will carry the lever with it. It will also be seen that if when the bar J is lowered with the raised lever it is allowed to move downwardly until it rests upon or touches the levers A which are at rest the flange J and the plate J 3 upon it will be entirely disengaged from the hook of the operated key, so that when the bar is again slightly raised to its normal position of rest it will not carry such key with it, but the rear edges of the plates J 3 will simply move into the path of the hooks upon the keys, as in Fig. i, so that whenever any other key is started it will become coupled to the movable bar,while the previously-operated key will remain at rest.
Instead of the above-described means for attaching the keys to the movable bar, any other known or suitable devices for the purpose may be employed, such for instance as those shown and described in Patent No. 490,160, to Pritehard, or No. 4.993%, to Juengst.
From the foregoing description it will be understood that if means he provided for giving the bar J a definite movement upward and downward at each operation of the machine a uniform movement may be given an y desired number of levers A by first slightly depressing their front ends and thereby attaching them to the bar J, and then giving said bar its proper movement. It is evident that such movement maybe given to the bar J by a variety of operating devices, all of which would fall within the contemplated scope of my invention. In the present instance the means employed is shown more particularly in Figs. 2, 3, 5, and 6, where it will be seen that secured upon the outer end of a short shaft L, j ournaled in a bearing in the frame-plate M, which supports the printing attachment at the right-hand end of the machine, hereinafter described, is a crank-handle N, by which such shaft may be turned. The grasping portion of such handle is provided at its inner end with a catch 0, Fi 2, which cooperates with a stop P upon the plate M and is cont-rolled by a thumb-piece Q in the usual manner, so that by pressing in said thumb-piece the catch will be disengaged from the stop, and upon then turning the handle until the catch contacts with the stop again the shaft will be given acomplete revolution. Fast upon the inner end of the shaft L, against the left-hand side of the plate M, is a gear E, Fig. (3, which meshes with a second gear S, mounted upon a stub-shaft supported by the plate M, while the gear S meshes with a third gear T, fast IlO upon the left-hand end of a shaft U, eXtend ing to the right through the plate M, Fig. 1, and journaled at its extreme right-hand end in the side plate of the printing attachment, hereinafter referred to. Pivoted to the side of the gear T, (or in this instance to a cam-disk formed integral with the gear upon its left side for a purpose hereinafter described, Fig. 6, is the upper end of a link or pitman V, which is pivoted at its lower end to a laterally-projecting stud or hearing V upon the front end of a curved arm XV, formed integral with the movable bar J at it right-hand end and extending forward and downward over the fulcrum-shaft B of the levers A, Fig. 5. It results from this gearing of the handle N to the bar J that each revolution of the handle will impart a definite upward and downward movement to said bar. The adjustment of the parts is such that the bar J will be given its downward limit of movement just before the operating-handle completes a revolution, so that at the end of the movement of the handle the bar J will be raised slightly, and, as the handle comes to rest, will be left in the normal position shown in Fig. 4, with the rear edge of the flange J a slight distance above the levers A and the rear edges of the plates J 3 in the path of the points of the hooks K of the levers, for the purpose heretofore explained.
For the purpose of preventing backward movement of the operating-handle and parts geared to it, the gear B, Fig. 6, has formed upon its left side a ratchet X, with which cooperates a spring-pressed pawl Y, pivoted to a stud upon the plate M.
While, as heretofore stated, the bar J may be given its movement by any suitable operating or power-applying device, yet a rotary handle and an intermediate crank-andpitman connection such as above described afford a desirable and advantageous means for the purpose. Inasmuch as the handle has to make a complete revolution while the bar J is moving back and forth through a very short distance, it follows that the movement of such bar and of the keys connected to it will necessarily be comparatively slow, so that even if the handle be turned with great rapidity the bar and keys will not be moved quickly enough to cause any shock or jar to the machine, or any danger of overthrow or excess movement from the momentum of the parts. In key-m achines the parts are often subjected to severe shocks and strains by exceedingly quick and violent operations of the keys on the part of persons desiring to get the machines out of order or to cause them to operate incorrectly. In such machines by depressing the front ends of the key-levers very quickly the movable bar will acquire considerable momentum 'and will be moving at its greatest speed when it reaches its upper limit of movement, thereby producing a severe shock to the machine when it is arrested at the end of such movement, and also tending to cause excess of movement in the various mechanisms. Such might be the case in the present machine if a simple lever were em ployed to operate the bar, whereas the employment of the rotary handle with the intermediate crank-and-pitman connection causes the bar to be given its most rapid movements during the middle portions of its strokes in opposite directions, and as it approaches its limit of stroke in either direction the speed of its movement is largely reduced, so that no shock or strain upon the parts is produced even though the handle be turned as quickly as it is possible to turn it by hand. A rotary cam geared to the handle and acting upon the movable bar might be substituted for the crank-and-pitman connection, with the same results, as will be readily understood.
I have heretofore stated that the separate push-buttons or setting-keys II for depressing the front ends of the levers A might be dispensed with and the levers bear the numbered buttons upon their front ends and be depressed directly by hand to attach them to the bar J but while this is true, so far as the general operation of the machine is concerned, it is nevertheless important and highly advantageous to provide the special setting-keys H, having a limit of movement just sufficient to couple the levers A to the bar J, for the reason that where power may be applied without limit directly to the front ends of the le vers it is possible to subject them to such violent usage, and to such twisting and breaking strains and shocks, as necessitates their being made, in such cases, of much greater weight and strength than would otherwise be necessary. Ithas been found that in order to withstand the rough usage which these machines often receive in practical use, and the direct and determined attempts to break and injure them, it is necessary to make the operatingkeys of sufficient strength to withstand almost anything less than a sledge-hammer blow upon them. By employing the special setting-keys H in my present machine, which keys, as seen in Fig. 4, have a very limited movement just sufficient to depress the front ends of the levers A far enough to couple their rear ends to the bar J, it is impossible to do violence to the levers A, and any other parts of the machine,by striking the front ends of said levers; and inasmuch, as before explained, the movement imparted to the bar J by the operating-handle is comparatively slow, no matter how quickly or violently said handle may be turned, it follows that it is not possible, in operating the machine, to subject it to such usage as will interfere with the correct operation of all its parts or injure it in any way.
The registering and printing mechanisms of the machine are similar to those shown and described in my prior patent, No. 497,861, and may be here briefly described as follows: The registering-wheels A are mounted in a rock ing frame B, fulcrumed on a shaft C, sup- IIO . pieces or arms.
ported by the framework, Figs. 2 and 4, and the pinions of the three right-hand wheels are adapted to be thrown into and out of mesh with three segments D, secured, respectively, to three rocking frames E F G,n1ounted upon a rock-shaft H, journaled at its opposite ends in brackets upon the side frames of the machine. Each frame is composed of two end pieces or arms, an integral cross-bar connecting them in rear of the shaft H, and a red I, connecting the extreme rear ends of their end The frames E F are loose upon the shaft H, and their segments D are secured to their adjacent ends and cooperate with the pinions of the first and second registering-wheels, while the frame G is fast upon the shaft H, and its segment D, instead of being secured to the frame, is fastened upon the shaft H immediately at the left of the segment of the frame F, in position to cooperate with the pinion of the third registering-wheel.
One of the rocking registering-fram es above described corresponds to each set of keys, and each frame is given different degrees of movement by the operation of the different keys of its set, proportionate to their respective values, by means of a series of lifter arms or plates L,' Fig. 4, pivoted at their lower ends to the sides of the levers A near their rear ends, and provided upon their forward sides .toward their upper ends with recesses and lifting-fingers M, adapted to cooperate with the red I of the corresponding registering frame. The fingers M upon the plates L of each set are arranged at graduated distances from the rod 1 of the registeringframe, so that they will engage said rod at different points in the movements of the respective key-levers, and thereby impart different degrees of movement to the registering-frame according to their respective values, as fully shown and explained in my aforesaid prior patents. The lifter-plates L are provided upon their rear sides with shoulders N, arranged in graduated order, corresponding to the fingers M upon their front sides, which shoulders cooperate with a fixed cross-bar Oof the framework to positively throw the lifters L into engagement with the rod 1 of the reg istering-frame at the proper time and maintain it in engagement therewith during the further upward movement of the lifter, as also described in my said patents.
The rocking frame B, which carries the registering-wheels A, is vibrated back and forth at each operation of the machine to throw the pinions of the three right-hand wheels into and out of mesh with their cooperatin g segments D in such manner that the movements of the segments in one direction will be transmitted to theregistering-wheels, while the latter will be disengaged from the segments during their movement in the opposite direction. This rocking movement of the frame B is effected by suitable connections of the frame with cams P Q, fast upon a retary shaft R, Fig. 4, said shaft being given one complete revolution at each operation of the machine. In the machine shown in my aforesaid patents this shaft is given its rotation by suitable motion-converting devices interposed between it and the movable bar J overlying the key-levers, and it may be so actuated in the present instance, but I prefer to dispense with the devices heretofore employed between said shaft and the bar J and to simply gear the shaft to the operatinghandle N through the medium of suitable gears driven by the gears R S T, heretofore described, Fig. 6.
The printing-wheels S T U are secured, respectively, upon the outer ends of a shaft V and two concentric sleeves XV X, Fig. 7, which shaft and sleeves are geared at their left-hand inner ends to the respective segments D, as in my prior machine, Fig. 4. Each of the printing-wheels is provided with two diametrically opposite sets of type numbers, Fig. 3, representing the nine digits, and adapted to cooperate at diametrically opposite printing-points with impression-platens A B pivoted to studs projecting from the plate M and connected at C in such manner as to cause the movement of one platen away from the printing-wheels to impart a like movementto the other platen. These levers are moved in one direction, to retract the platens and put the springs under tension, by a cam D fast upon the end of the rotary shaft R, heretofore described, and cooperating with a projection upon the upper side of the lever B The position of this cam D is such that during the setting of the typewheels it will press back the levers A B and retract the platens, and after the wheels have been set and before they begin their return movement to normal position it will release the levers and permit the springs to throw the platens against the types which have been brought to the printing-points.
The printing at the lower side of the typewheels is effected upon a paper record-strip E carried upon a supply-reel F and led thence over suitable guides and wound upon a storage-reel G which latter is actuated by suitable mechanism to draw forward and wind up a small portion of the strip at each operation of the machine. In the present instance the reel G is actuated by a hooked pawl H pivoted to the lever B and cooperating with a ratchet 1*, fast upon the hub of the reel, the pawl reaching forward and engaging a new tooth of the ratchet each time the platens are thrown against the type-wheels, and being drawn backward and moving the reel with it as the platens are retracted by the cam D". A suitable spring-pressed holding-pawl L cooperates with the ratchet I", to prevent backward movement of the reel.
The printing at the upper printing-point, above the type-wheels, is effected upon a paper strip M carried by a reel supported upon an upright standard N and led downthe gear T in Fig. 6.)
ward and forward through suitable guideplates past the printing-point, and thence on forward between a pair of rollers 0 P journaled between the plate M and an outer plate Q The roller P is geared to the operating-handle through the train of gears R S T, heretofore described, Fig. 6, and a pinion R fast upon the extreme left-hand end of the spindle of the roller, at the left of the plate M, and meshing with a mutilated gear S formed or secured upon the right side of the gear T. (Shown in Fig. 6, but hidden by The gear S is provided with teeth upon only about one-half of its periphery, so that at each revolution it will turn the pinion R and the rollers P 0 only one complete revolution, to advance the strip M The two rollers are geared together, and in the present instance, as in my prior machine, one of them consists of a plain impression-roller, and the other of a type-cylinder containing consecutive numbering and dating wheels, and bearing an electrotype, by which the checks are numbered and dated and the desired advertising matter printed upon them.
The cam-disk T formed upon the left side of the gear T, heretofore referred to, operates a locking-lever U whose upper end cooperates with a disk V fast upon the extreme left-hand end of the spindle of the roller P Fig. 6. Said disk has in it a single notch in which the upper end of the lever U fits and is held by the cam-disk T except when the mutilated gear S upon the right side of the gear T is in mesh with the pinion R upon the spindle of the roller P The gears T and S and the cam-disk T turn together, and as the gear S comes into mesh with the pinion the cam-disk releases the lever U and unlocks the roller P and permits the gear S to turn it. As soon as the gear S clears the pinion R the cam-disk throws the lockinglever U into engagement with the notch in the disk V and again locks the rollers from movement. In this manner the rollers are always positively locked except when they are in gear with and being turned by the operating-handle, and at the end of their movement they become automatically relocked and any accidental excess of movement of them is thereby prevented.
From the rollers O P the strip h 2 passes forward beneath a vertically-reciprocating knife-bar A Figs. 1, 2, and 3, which coop erates with a fixed knife-bar or shearing edge (not shown) supported between the plates M and Q beneath and immediately in rear of the knife-bar A. The latter is guided at its right-hand end in slotted plate 13', Fig. 3, while its left-hand end is secured to a block G surrounding and rigidly secured to a vertical rod D mounted to reciprocate in a bracket-plate E secured to the side of the plate M, Figs. 1 and 6. Fitting in a slot in the rear side of the block 0 is the front end of a lever F fulcrumed upon the left side of the plate M, Fig. 6, and cooperating at its rear end with a cam G fast upon the rotary shaft R. The adjustment of the parts is such that just at the end of the operation of the machine, after the printing has been effected and the check delivered by the rollers O P and projected from the machine, the cam G will ride under and lift the rear end of the lever F' and throw down the knife A and sever the check, and as the cam clears the end of the lever a spring 1 restores the latter and the knife to normal position. severed check falls upon a shelf J in front of the knives, Figs. 2, 3, and 6.
In addition to the typewheels for printing the amounts of the sales I provide in the present instance a fourthwheel V located immediately at the left of the three wheels before described, Fig. 7, and secured upon the right-hand end of a sleeve X surrounding the sleeve which carries the type-wheel. This sleeve X is geared at its left-hand end, Figs. 2 and 7, to the rear end of a rotary shaft Y suitably journaled in the framework and in a bearing upon the plate I, and having secured upon its front end a thumb-piece Z by which it may be turned, and an index disk A bearing a series of letters or characters corresponding to the type letters or characters upon the printing-wheel V in this instance the first nine letters of the alphabet.
This index cooperates with a fixed pointer 13,
and the adjustment of the part is such that when the shaft Y is turned until any given one of the letters upon the index-disk stands opposite the pointer B the corresponding type-letters upon the printing-wheel W will stand at the two printing-points.
A coiled spring 0 surrounding the shaft Y and secured at one end thereto and at its opposite end to the framework, serves to yieldinglyhold the shaft in and return it to normal position, in which position a blank space upon the disk A will stand opposite the pointer B and blank spaces upon the wheel WV will be presented at the printing-points. hen the shaft Y is turned to the right, by means of a thumb-piece Z to set the wheel W the spring 0 is put under tension. To prevent the parts being returned to normal position by the spring immediately upon removing the hand from the thumb-piece, the sleeve X has fast upon it a ratchet D Fig. 6, with which cooperates a spring-pressed holdingpawl E pivoted to a stud on the right-hand side frame of the machine, by which the parts are temporarily held in any position to which they are turned, and the type-wheel V maintained in set position until the printing has been effected. After the printing has been effected the pawl E is disengaged from the ratchet D to release the parts and permit the spring 0 to restore them to initial position by means of a cam F fast upon the rotary shaft R, heretofore described, which cam rides over the upturned rear end of the pawl E after the printing has been effected and The disengages its upper forward end from the ratchet.
It will be understood that the platens Y Z are wide enough to cooperate with all four of the type-wheels, so that at each operation there may be printed upon the two paper strips not only the amount of the sale but some one of the letters or characters shown upon the disk A and type-wheel 7 This special printing device maybe used for a variety of purposes, its most common use being to designate either the different clerks who make the respective sales, or the different classes of goods sold, as in stores divided into a number of departments and in which it is desired to keep a distinct record of the sales in each department. In using the machine, if, for example, the sale has been made by clerk D, (or from department D,) the clerk, after setting the proper keys and before operating the handle N, will turn the thumbpieoe Z until the letter D on the disk A stands opposite the pointer B and upon then giving the handle N a revolution the printing will be effected and the parts released and restored to initial position, ready for the next operation.
In establishments where the clerks work in shifts, one clerk relieving another at stated intervals, it may be desirable to lock the special wheel permanently in position to print the letter or character of any given clerk at all the succeeding operations of the machine during the time he is on duty, and to unlock it and set it to print the letter of the clerk who succeeds him, when such clerk comes on duty. To that end I have provided the locking device shown in Fig. 9, where D represents a locking-bolt fitted to slidein a guideway in the plate I, and cooperating at its front end with a series of holes in the rear side of the disk A The position of the bolt is controlled by a lock D at its rear end. Upon inserting the key in the lock and withdrawing the bolt from engagement with the disk A the latter and the printing-wheel may be set to print any desired letter or character, and be then looked in such position by reengaging the bolt with the disk. lVhen desired, the bolt may be left disengaged from the disk, so that the parts will then operate in the manner first described, as though the bolt and lock were absent.
In my former machine the types upon the printing-wheels were inked by means of a ribbon led around them and automatically advanced at each operation of the machine to present fresh inking-surfaces. In my present machine I have dispensed with such inkingribbon, and employ in place of it inking-pads i H, Figs. 3 and 8. These pads are carried by short arms 1 secured to plates K pivoted to the inner or left-hand side of a plate L near its opposite ends, the plate L being hung upon the outer end of the shaft V, in this instance fitting over the hub of the outer typewheel S. Also hung upon the same axis is a three-armed lever M whose two opposite arms N engage notches or shoulders upon the plates K while its third arm 0 extends at right angles thereto and projects below the plate If for a purpose hereinafter explained. The lever M is connected to the plate L by slots and pins at P, so as to be carried by the plate in its rocking movements upon its axis, but also capable of slight independent movement. A stud upon the outer side of the plate L near its lower end fits in a slot in the upper end of an arm Q fast at its lower forward end upon a rock-shaft R journaled at its opposite ends in the plates M and Q below the rotary shaft U, heretofore described. A second arm S fast upon the shaft R projects into the path of a cam T, fast upon the shaft U, so that at each operation of the machine the shaft R will be rocked and the upper end of the arm Q thrown rearward and downward, thereby rocking the plate L into substantially vertical position. The plate L will carry the lever M with it in this movement, asbefore explained, and as it approaches its limit of movement the arm 0 of the lever will contact with a stop-pin U upon the frame-plate M, Fig. 3, thereby arresting the lever B and causing slight independent movement of the plate L This independent or relative movement of the plate L and lever M will cause the arms N of the lever to rock the plates K and throw the inking-pads G H against the type-wheels to ink the types. At the first backward movement of the parts the pads will be thrown outward away from the types by the action of springs K, secured to the edges of the plate L and bearing against the plates K so that in the return movement of the parts to normal position the pads will be clear of the types.
The machine rests upon a base A, containing the usual money-drawer 13*. lVhen closed; this drawer is locked by the engagement with the upper edge of its rear wall of the rear end of one arm of a three-armed lever C pivoted at D near the front end of its forwardly-extending arm, and having the upper end of its upwardly-extending arm standing in the path of a cam E upon the rotary shaft B, Fig. 4. At each operation of the machine and revolution of said shaft the cam will lift the lever and disengage it from the moneydrawer and permit the latter to be thrown open by the usual spring placed behind it.
As heretofore stated, while in the drawings I have illustrated my invention as embodied in a machine containing three sets of keys, it is more especially designed for and can be utilized to greater advantage in machines containing a larger number of keys and having a greater capacity, such as the machines which I have built containing five sets of keys. In such machines it would not be practicable to operate the machine by the keys alone, for if, for instance, five keys should be set or started, and then it be attempted to complete the operation by fully depressing any one of such five keys, the load which such single key would have to bear would be too great for practical purposes. Even in machines employing two or three sets of keys it is hardly practicable to have the keys actuate the printing and check-delivering and cutting mechanisms, in addition to the indicating and registering mechanisms, so that where such additional mechanisms are employed a separate operating device is used to actuate them. Thus in my own prior patent, No. 497,861, the keys are arranged to directly operate the indicating, registering, and printing mechanisms, while a separate hand-lever is employed to actuate the checkdelivering and cutting mechanisms. In the latter machine the keys have to bear all of the load of the indicating, registering, and printing mechanisms, and where three keys are started and'their operation then completed by depressing one of them such single key has to bear the load which would be borne by all three of the keys if power were applied directly to all of them, while the lever for operating the check-delivering and cutting mechanisms has only those two mechanisms to actuate, and consequently a very slight load to bear, considering the amount of power which may be readily applied to such alever. As compared with this machine, therefore, my new machine presents the great advantage of relieving the operating-keys of substantially all load, and transferring to the independent operatin g-handle,to which ample power for all the purposes of the machine may be readily applied. So far as the keys are concerned, a very light tap upon their respective buttons is sufficient to couple them to the movable bar, and thereafter they are given their movements by the power applied to them through the medium of such bar.
Having thus fully described my invention, I claim 1. In a cash-register, the combination of a series of keys for actuating the several mech anisms of the machine, a driving mechanism operated independently of said keys, and means for connecting a plurality of keys at will with said driving mechanism, whereby at any given operation of the machine the necessarykeys maybe connected to said mechanism and the latter be then operated to transmit its movement through such keys to the mechanisms to be actuated by them, substantially as described.
2. In a cash-register, the combination of a series of keys for actuating the several mechanisms of the machine, a driving mechanism operated independently of said keys, and means for successively connecting a plurality of keys to said mechanism at the same operation of the machine, whereby the necessary keys may be successively connected to said mechanism and be then actuated by the latter to transmit its movements through the keys to the several mechanisms of the machine, substantially as described.
3. In a cash-register, the combination of a series of key-levers for actuating the several mechanisms of the machine, a driving mechanism operated independently of said levers, and means for connecting the levers at will with said driving mechanism, whereby the movement of the latter may be transmitted through said levers to the mechanisms to be actuated by them, substantially as described.
4:. In a cash-register, the combination of a series of key-levers for actuating the several mechanisms of the machine, a driving mechanism operated independently of said levers, means for connecting the rear ends of said levers with said mechanism upon depressing their front ends, and a series of settingkeys adjacent the front ends of the levers for slightly depressing them to connect their rear ends with the driving mechanism, substantially as and for the purpose described.
5. In a cash-register, the combination of a series of keys, a type-carrier, means intermediate the keys and carrier for causing the movements of the keys to set the carrier to print their respective values, a driving mechanism operated independently of said keys and having a definite movement at each operation of the machine, means for connecting the keys at will with such mechanism to cause it to give them their full movements, and a platen actuated by said mechanism and cooperating with the type-carrier, substantially as described.
0. In a cash-register, the combination of a series of keys representing different values, a type-carrier, means intermediate the carrier and keys for causing the movements of the latter to set the carrier, to print their respective values, a platen cooperating with the carrier, means for feeding a paper strip past the printing-point, a knife for severing the printed check from the strip, an independent driving mechanism having a definite movement at each operation of the machine, and means for connecting the keys at will with such mechanism, to cause it to give them their full movements, the platen, stripfeeding mechanism, and knife being actuated by said driving mechanism, substantially as described.
7. In a cashregister, the combination of a series of keys representing different values, indicating and registering mechanisms operated thereby, to indicate and register the values of the respective keys, a type-carrier set by the respective keys to print their values, an independent driving mechanism having a definite movement at each operation of the machine, means for connecting the keys at will with said mechanism, and a platen actuated by said mechanism and cooperating with the type-carrier, substantially as described.
8. I11 a cash-register, the combination of a series of key-levers, a movable bar or frame common thereto, means for attaching the re spective lovers to said bar, and means oper ated imlependently of the key-levers to give ICC IIO
said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine and cause it to actuate the levers attached to it, substantially as described.
9. I11 a cash-register, the combination of a series of key-levers, a movable bar or frame extending across their rear ends, means for attaching the rear ends of the levers to said bar upon slightly depressing their front ends, and means independent of the key-levers for giving said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine, to raise and lower the rear ends of the keys attached to it, substantially as described.
'10. In a cash-register, the combination of a series of key-levers, a movable bar or frame extending across their rear ends, means for attaching the rear ends of the key-levers to said bar when their front ends are slightly depressed, a series of setting-keys arranged over the front ends of the key-levers, but independent thereof, for slightly depressing them to connect their rear ends with the movable bar, said setting-keys having a limit of movement just sufficient to connect the levers to the movable bar or frame and means independent of the key-levers for giving said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine, for the purpose described.
11. In a cash-register, the combination of a series of sets of keys representing different denominations of value, a movable bar or frame common to the several sets of keys, means for successively attaching keys in dif ferent sets to said bar, and means independent of the keys for giving said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine, for the purpose described.
12. In a cash-register, the combination of a registering mechanism, a series of keys representing different values, a movable bar or frame common thereto, means for attaching the respective keys to said bar, means operated independently of the keys for giving said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine, and means intermediate the keys and registering mechanism for causing the operated keys to register their values upon such mechanism when actuated by the movable bar or frame, substantially as described.
13. I11 a cash-register, the combination of a series of sets of keys representing different denominations of value, a series of registering-wheels, one Wheel for each set of keys, for registering corresponding denominations of value, a series of registering-frames, one intermediate each set of keys and its registering-Wheel, means intermediate each set of keys and its corresponding registering-frame for causing the different keys of each set to impart different degrees of movement to said frame, a movable bar or frame common to all the sets of keys, means for attaching keys in different sets to said movable bar or frame, and means independent of the keys for giving said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine, substantially as described.
14. In a cash-register, the combination of a series of sets of key-levers representing dif ferent denominations of value, a series of registering-Wheels, one Wheel for each set of keylevers, a series of registering-frames, one intermediate each set of levers and its correspondin g registering-Wheel, a series of graduated lifters intermediate the levers of each set and the corresponding registering-frame, for causing uniform movement of the levers to impart different degrees of movement to said frame and its cooperating registering Wheel, a movable bar or frame extending across the rear ends of the key-levers of all the sets, means for attaching levers of different sets to said bar upon slightly depressing the front ends of said levers, and means independent of the levers for giving said movable bar or frame a definite movement at each operation of the machine, substantially as described.
15. In a cash-register, the combination of a series of keys representing different values, a series of indicators adapted to be exposed to view by the movement of the respective keys, a movable bar or frame common to the keys, means for attaching the respective keys to said bar, and means operated independently of the keys for giving the bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine and causing the attached keys to expose their respective indicators, substantially as described.
16. In a cash-register, the combination of a series of key-levers representing different values, a series of vertically-reciproeating indicator-rods arranged above their rear ends and carrying indicators representing the values of the respective levers, a movable bar or frame extending across the rear ends of the levers, means for attaching the rear ends of the levers to said bar when their front ends are slightly depressed, means independent of the keys for giving said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine to cause the attached levers to lift their corresponding indicators into exposed position, and means for temporarily holding such indicators in such position, substantially as described.
17. In a cash-register, the combination of a series of keys representing different values, a type-carrier or printing-Wheel representing corresponding values, means intermediate the different keys and the type-carrier for causing uniform movement of the keys to move the type-carrier to different positions to bring to the printing-point the type-number representing the value of the operated key, a platen cooperating with the carrier, a movable bar or frame common to the keys, means for attaching the respective keys to said bar, and means independent of the keys for giving said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine and actuating the platen to ef vfect the printing, substantially as described.
18. In a cash-register, the combination, of a series of keys representing different values, a type-carrier representing corresponding values, means intermediate the keys and carrier for causing the uniform movements of the keys to set the carrier in different positions, to print their respective values, a platen cooperating with the carrier, means for feeding a paper strip between the platen and carrier, a movable bar or frame common to the keys, means for attaching the keys to said bar, and means independent of the keys for giving said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine and actuating the platen and strip-feeding mechanism, substantially as described.
10. In a cash-register, the combination of a series of keys representing different values, a type-carrier representing corresponding values, means intermediate the keys and carrier for causing the uniform movements of the keys to set the carrier in different positions, to print their respective values, a platen cooperating with the carrier, means for feeding a paper check-strip past the printing-point and advancing a given portion of it at each operation of the machine, a knife for severing the printed check from the strip, a movable bar or frame common to the keys, means for attaching the respective keys to said bar, and means independent of the keys for giving said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine and actuating the platen, stripfeeding mechanism and knife, substantially as described.
20. In a cash-register, the combination of a series of keys representing different values, a type-carrier representing corresponding values, means intermediate the keys and carrier for causing the uniform movements of the keys to set the carrier in different positions, to print their respective values, a platen cooperating With the carrier, a pair of combined printing and feeding rollers for moving a check-strip past the printing-point and projecting a portion of it from the machine at each operation, a knife for severing the proj ecting portion from the strip, a movable bar or frame common to the keys, means for attaching the respective keys to said bar, and means independent of the keys for giving said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine and actuating the platen, feedrollers and knife, substantially as described.
21. In a cash-register, the combination of a series of keys representing different values, indicating and registering devices and a typecarrier operated by the movements of the keys, a platen cooperating with the type-carrier, a movable bar or frame common to the keys, means for attaching the keys to said bar, and means independent of the keys for actuating the platen and giving the bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine, substantially as described.
22. In a cash-register, the combination of a series of keys representing different values, indicating, registering, and printing mechan isms operated by the movements of the keys, to indicate, register, and print their respective values, check-strip feeding and cutting mechanisms for advancing the printed check and severing it from the strip, a movable bar or frame common to the keys, means for attaching the keys to said bar, and means independent of the keys for giving said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine and actuating the feeding and cutting mechanisms, substantially as described.
23. In a cash-register, the combination of a series of keys representing different values, indicating, registering, and printing mechanisms operated by the movements of the keys, to indicate, register, and print their respective values, a money-drawer, a latch for normally holding the same closed, a movable bar or frame common to the keys, means for attaching the keys to said bar, and means independent of the keys for giving said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine and disengaging the latch from the money-drawer, substantially as described.
24. In a cash-register, the combination of a series of sets of keys representing different denominations of values, indicating and registering mechanisms operated by the movements of the keys to indicate and register their respective values, a series of type-carriers, one for each set of keys, means intermediate the several sets of keys and their respective type-carriers for causing the move ment of any key to set the corresponding carrier to print its value, a platen cooperating with the type-carriers, a movable bar or frame common to the keys of all the sets, means for attaching the keys of different sets to said bar, and means for giving said bar a definite movement at each operation of the machine and actuating the platen to print the values of the operated keys, substantially as described.
25. In a cash-register, the combination of a series of keys, a movable bar or frame common thereto, means for attaching the respective keys to said bar, and a rotary handle and connections for giving said bar a definite reciprocating movement at each operation of the machine, to impart such movement to the keys attached to it, substantially as described.
26. In a cash-register, the combination of a series of key-levers, a movable bar or frame extending across their rear ends, means for attaching the key-levers to said bar upon slightly depressing their front ends, and a rotary handle and connections for giving said bar a definite reciprocating movement at each operation of the machine, to raise and lower the rear ends of the levers attached to it, substantially as described.
27. In a cash-register, the combination of a series of keys, indicating and registering devices and a type-carrier operated by the movements of the keys, a platen cooperating with the type-carrier, a movable bar or frame common to the keys, means for attaching the keys to said bar, and a rotary handle and connections for giving said bar a definite reciprocating movement at each operation of the machine, and actuating the platen, substantially as described.
28. I11 a cash-register, the combination of a series of keys, indicating and registering devices and a type-carrier operated by the movements of the keys, a platen cooperating with the type-carrier, feeding and cutting mechanisms for advancing a paper checkstrip and cutting it into checks or tickets, a movable bar or frame common to the keys, means for attaching the keys to said bar, and a rotary handle and connections for giving said bar a definite reciprocating movement at each operation and actuating the feeding and cutting mechanisms and platen, substantially as described.
29. In a cash-register, the combination of a series of key-levers, indicating and registering devices and a type-carrier, operated by the movements thereof, a platen cooperating with the type-carrier, a movable bar or frame overlying the rear ends of said levers, means w'attaching the rear ends of the levers to said bar by slightly depressing their front ends, and a rotary handle and connections for giving said bar a definite reciprocatingmovement at each operation of the machine and actuating the platen, substantially as described.
30. In a cash-register, the combination of a series of key-levers, indicating and registering devices and a type-carrier operated by the movements thereof, a platen cooperating with the type-carrier, feeding and cutting mechanisms for advancing a paper checkstrip and cutting it into checks, a movable bar or frame overlying the rear ends of the keylevers, means for attaching the rear ends of the levers to said bar by slightly depressing their front ends, and a rotary handle and connections for giving said bar a definite reciprocating movement at each operation of the machine and actuating the feeding and cutting mechanisms and platen, substantially as described.
31. In a cash-register,the combination,with the cash-printing wheels, and the driving mechanism for setting the same of a special printing-wheel for printing letters or characters, means for setting the special wheel, a resetting-spring put under tension by setting said wheel, a latch for holding the wheel in set position, and a trip for the latch operated by the driving mechanism of the machine to automatically release the wheel after the printing has been effected, substantially as described.
32. In a cash-register, the combinatiomwith the cash-printing wheels,of a special printingwheel for printing letters or characters, a settin g-shaft geared to the special wheel, for setting it, an index cooperating with said shaft, a resetting-spring therefor, a ratchet turning with the wheel, a pawl cooperating with the ratchet, and a trip for automatically disengaging the pawl from the ratchet after the printing has been effected, to release the special wheel and permit the spring to return it and the setting-shaft to initial position, substantially as described.
33. In a cash-register, the eombinatiomwith the cash-printing wheels, of a special printing- Wheel for printing letters or characters, means for turning the wheel by hand to set it in different positions, and means for locking the wheel in any desired set position during a series of succeeding operations of the machine, substantially as described.
34. The combination, with the type-wheels, of the rocking plate hung upon the same axis, with means for rocking it, and the inkingpads carried by the opposite ends of said plate, with means for throwing them against the type-wheels to ink the types, substantially as described.
35. The combination, with the type-wheels, of the rocking plate L hung upon the same axis, the plates K pivoted to its opposite ends, the inking-pads carried by the plates K the lever M intermediate the plates K carried with the plate L but capable of slight independent movement, and having the projecting arm 0 adapted to contact with the stop U and means for rocking the plate L substantially as described.
36. The combination, with the type-wheels, of the rocking plate L the plates K pivoted to its opposite ends, the springs K bearing against said plates, the arms I secured to said plates and carrying the inking-pads H G the lever M intermediate the plates K carried with the plate L but capable of slight independent movement, and having the projecting arm 0 cooperating with thestop U and means for rocking the plate L substantially as described.
THOMAS CARNEY. lVitnesses:
AHARD MAOAULEY, PEARL N. SIGLER.
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