US553062A - Edward p - Google Patents

Edward p Download PDF

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US553062A
US553062A US553062DA US553062A US 553062 A US553062 A US 553062A US 553062D A US553062D A US 553062DA US 553062 A US553062 A US 553062A
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case
shot
shell
aperture
head
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42BEXPLOSIVE CHARGES, e.g. FOR BLASTING, FIREWORKS, AMMUNITION
    • F42B7/00Shotgun ammunition
    • F42B7/02Cartridges, i.e. cases with propellant charge and missile
    • F42B7/04Cartridges, i.e. cases with propellant charge and missile of pellet type

Description

(No Model.)

' E. P. POLLETT.

SHOT CARTRIDGE.

No. 553,062. Patented Jan. 14,1896.

Witnesses: I I nventpr. q 304% /o/ ff I m UNITED STATES PATENT Er ca.

EDVARD P. FOLLETT, OF DULUTH, MINNESOTA, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO EDWARD G. HILLIARD, OF SAME PLACE.

SHOT-CARTRIDGE.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 553,062, dated January 14, 1896. Application filed February 2, 1895. Serial No. 537,148. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern: necessary Weight at the front end to keep the 50 Be it known that I, EDWARD P. FOLLETT, of case from turning. The body a may also be Duluth, in the county of St. Louis and State made of any suitable material which will open of Minnesota, have invented a certain new or burst under given pressure. As shown in and useful Improvement in Cartridges; and the drawings, it is made of a thin metallic I do hereby declare that the following is a full, shell, the sides divided into quarter-sections, 5 5 clear, and exact description of the same, refas shown in Fig. 5, this shell being wound erence being had to the drawings accompanywith a paper wrapper g, (shown in Fig. 4,) ing this application. which makes one or more turns and is pasted IO 'My improvement relates to shot-cartridges in place. The sides of the shell may be made in which the shot is inclosed in a separate entirely of paper of such thickness that it 60 case which opens at a given range to scatter will burst at a given pressure. To prevent the shot. the shot from crowding up and closing the The invention consists in the construction aperture a covering hof wire-gauze may be and arrangement of parts hereinafter deplaced over the aperture, as shown in Fig. 3.

scribed and claimed. The cartridge is loaded with powder in the 65 In the drawings, Figure 1 is a longitudinal usual way, and the slotted case is then insection of the loaded cartridge. Fig. 2 is a serted on top of the wads, the head projectcross-section of the same in line 00 0c of Fig. 1. ing, as shown. The rapid passage of the case Fig. 3 is a sectional view of the head of the when ejected forces air through the aperture case that holds the shot. Fig. tis a perspecto the interior of the case, and when suffi- 7o tive view of the exterior paper covering of cient pressure is reached the case bursts and the case, and Fig. 5 is a similar view of the the shot scatters. The range is regulated by body of the case. making the aperture through which the air The design of my invention is to enable the passes of greater or less size. For use at case which holds the shot to be thrown a short range the aperture is made large and given distance and then be opened to scatter for long range it is made small. It is found the shot, also to regulate the range by the by experiment that very accurate ranging is admission of air to the case, the latter burstsecured. 3o ing under given pressure produced by the Having described my invention, I do not projectile force. claim simply and broadly a shot-case with A indicates the exterior shell loaded with expansible sides which open when the case is powder and is of usual construction. discharged from the gun.

B is the case that holds the shot. It is of hat I claim as new, and desire to secure 3 5 such size as to fit closely inside the outer by Letters Patent, is

shell, resting on top of the wads that hold 1. A shot case consisting of an expansible '85 the powder. It consists of a cylindrical body shell capable of maintaining its form under portion a, a base I), and a head 0. The latter normal pressure when discharged from the is preferably made of conical or convex form, gun, and a head provided with an aperture 0 and is provided with one or more apertures to admit air under propulsion, whereby at (1, through. which air is forced under pressa given range the interior exceeds the exte- 9o ure as the case is projected forward. As rior pressure and causes the case to burst, as shown in the drawings, the aperture is made specified. in a central nipple which sets into the head; 2. A shot case consisting of an expansible 45 but it may be made at any other point, or a shell capable of maintaining its form under greater number of apertures than one may normal pressure when discharged from the be made. gun, and a head provided with a conical nip- The head may be made of any suitable maple extending inward and having an aperture terial but lead is preferable, as it gives the opening into the case to admit air under propulsion, whereby at a given range the interior exceeds the exterior pressure and causes the case to burst, as specified.

3. A shot ease, consisting of a shell pro- 5' i ide d with an aperture or apertures at the head to admit air under pressure as the shell is discharged, and having a covering of paper which will burst at a given pressure.

4. A shot case, consisting of a metallic shell 10 with a closed bottom and separable sides, a wrapping of paper around the same, and a head provided with one or more apertures through which air is forced as the shell is discharged.

In Witness whereof I have hereunto signed 15 my name in the presence of two subscribing Witnesses.

EDWARD I. FOLLETT.

\Vitnesses R. F. OSGOOD, CHAS. A. WIDENER.

US553062D Edward p Expired - Lifetime US553062A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2759420A (en) * 1953-01-30 1956-08-21 Theodore R Schultz Shotgun cartridge
US2767656A (en) * 1951-08-22 1956-10-23 Richard J Zeamer Canister loading using stacked cylinders
US3121391A (en) * 1962-12-20 1964-02-18 Wendell M Young Shot shell
US3164092A (en) * 1962-11-13 1965-01-05 Remington Arms Co Inc Ammunition sabot
US3179051A (en) * 1962-11-23 1965-04-20 Morse Robert Emerson Shot encapsulated gun shell assembly
US3190220A (en) * 1964-12-28 1965-06-22 Alcan Company Inc Shot receptacle
US3417655A (en) * 1964-06-10 1968-12-24 Chellife Corp Method for loading shotgun shells
US4479438A (en) * 1983-02-02 1984-10-30 Olin Corporation Saboted shot
US4679505A (en) * 1984-11-30 1987-07-14 Federal Cartridge Corporation 00 buckshot shotshell
US5970878A (en) * 1997-12-15 1999-10-26 Olin Corporation Universal shot wad

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2767656A (en) * 1951-08-22 1956-10-23 Richard J Zeamer Canister loading using stacked cylinders
US2759420A (en) * 1953-01-30 1956-08-21 Theodore R Schultz Shotgun cartridge
US3164092A (en) * 1962-11-13 1965-01-05 Remington Arms Co Inc Ammunition sabot
US3179051A (en) * 1962-11-23 1965-04-20 Morse Robert Emerson Shot encapsulated gun shell assembly
US3121391A (en) * 1962-12-20 1964-02-18 Wendell M Young Shot shell
US3417655A (en) * 1964-06-10 1968-12-24 Chellife Corp Method for loading shotgun shells
US3190220A (en) * 1964-12-28 1965-06-22 Alcan Company Inc Shot receptacle
US4479438A (en) * 1983-02-02 1984-10-30 Olin Corporation Saboted shot
US4679505A (en) * 1984-11-30 1987-07-14 Federal Cartridge Corporation 00 buckshot shotshell
US5970878A (en) * 1997-12-15 1999-10-26 Olin Corporation Universal shot wad

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