US552832A - Instrument for treatment of strictures by electrolysis - Google Patents

Instrument for treatment of strictures by electrolysis Download PDF

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Publication number
US552832A
US552832A US552832DA US552832A US 552832 A US552832 A US 552832A US 552832D A US552832D A US 552832DA US 552832 A US552832 A US 552832A
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instrument
treatment
strictures
sound
electrolysis
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61NELECTROTHERAPY; MAGNETOTHERAPY; RADIATION THERAPY; ULTRASOUND THERAPY
    • A61N1/00Electrotherapy; Circuits therefor
    • A61N1/02Details
    • A61N1/04Electrodes
    • A61N1/05Electrodes for implantation or insertion into the body, e.g. heart electrode

Description

{No Model.)

J. A. FORT. INSTRUMENT FOR TREATMENT OF STRIOTURES BY ELEOTROLYSIS.

Patented Jan. '7, 1896.

NiDREW B.GHAHAMJNGTOUNQWASNKNGWNJ C that the instrumentacts on both sides of the UNITED STATES PATENT Erica.

JOSEPH A. FORT, OF PARIS, FRANCE, ASSIGNOR TO THE DR. FORTS ELEC- TROLYSIS SANATARIUM, OF NEW' YORK.

INSTRUMENT FOR TREATMENT OF STRTCTURES BY ELECTROLYSIS.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 552,832, dated January 7', 1896.

A fli ti fil d November 7, 1895. Serial No. 568,209. No model.)

To [LZZ whom if; may concern.-

Be it known that I, JOSEPH A. FORT, a resident of Paris, France, (temporarily residing in New York city, in the State of New York,) have invented a new and useful Improvement in Surgical Instruments for Treatment of Strict-ores by Electrolysis, which improvement is fully set forth in the following specification.

This invention. relates to an instrument or device for treatment of strictures of all kinds, as of the urethra, esophagus, uterus, or rectum.

The object 01f the invention is to cure or remove such strictures by electrolytic action, causing a disintegration of the false growth, as distinguished. from cauterizing, on the one hand, or treatment by the knife, on the other. To this end the instrument is made in the form of along sound, at about the middle of which, at one side, is a projecting blade, having a curved and smooth edge. The sound is formed preferably of rubber and the blade of platinum. The blade is connected by a conductor running through the interior of the sound with a connecting-screw on the handle of the instrument, and to this screw is attached one wire of an electric circuit, the other wire being attached to a plate, which, in using the instrument, is applied to the body of the patient. The instrument beyond the platinum plate has a very flexible tapering portion, which acts as a guide in leading the instrument, without injury to the membrane, to the constricted part, and the platinum plate or electrode being in contact with this part and the circuit closed through the patients body the instrument acts upon the stricture by electrolysis, decomposing or disintegrating the tissues. The electrode may be in the form of a bowed or curved wire, and the better to insure the success of the operation it is preferred to employ two wires, on opposite sides of the sound, so

stricturcd passage. An advantage of the wire over a rigid blade is that the former yields somewhat to the pressure of the strictured part, and is less likely to cause injury to the membrane.

to be applied, that shown in the drawings being designed for the treatment of strict ures of the urethra. The sound terminates in along slender flexible portion a, and at the handle it has a metallic connection device or terminal I) for attachment of one wire of a circuit, including an electric generator B. From the terminal I) a metallic conductor 0 extends throughthe body of the sound and connects with the bowed platinum plate or wire d,'which projects at one side of the sound and constitutes one electrode of the circuit. As shown in Fig. 1, there may be two of these wires, both connected wit-h the conductor 0. The plate or wire should be curved or bowed, as shown, and have a smooth edge or surface, the object being not to cut or abrade the surface of the membrane, as in the surgical treatment of strictures. In Fig. 2 the platinum electrode is in the form of a curved plate.

In operation the sound is introduced carefully into the strictured passage, in this case the urethra, the flexible portion a serving to guide the introduction of the instrument, and curling or rolling itself up in the bladder, while the blade or electrode at presses against the stricture. The other electrode D is then applied to the abdomen or other part of the patients body near the part operated upon, and the electric circuit is thus completed, the current passing through the stricture and acting electrolytically or electrochemically thereupon.

lVhat I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

1. An instrument for treatment of strictures electrolytically, comprising a non-conducting sound having a slender flexible end portion, a curved platinum electrode projectin g from the side of the sound intermedi- IO Wires through the sound to a connection device or terminal on the handle, substantially as described.

In testimony whereof I have signed this specification in the presence of two subscribing Witnesses.

JOSEPH A. FORT.

lVitnesses A. PoLLoK, E. L. XVHITE.

US552832A Instrument for treatment of strictures by electrolysis Expired - Lifetime US552832A (en)

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Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4672962A (en) * 1983-09-28 1987-06-16 Cordis Corporation Plaque softening method
US4682596A (en) * 1984-05-22 1987-07-28 Cordis Corporation Electrosurgical catheter and method for vascular applications
USRE33925E (en) * 1984-05-22 1992-05-12 Cordis Corporation Electrosurgical catheter aned method for vascular applications
US6813520B2 (en) 1996-04-12 2004-11-02 Novacept Method for ablating and/or coagulating tissue using moisture transport
US20050085880A1 (en) * 1996-04-12 2005-04-21 Csaba Truckai Moisture transport system for contact electrocoagulation
US20070100333A1 (en) * 1999-11-16 2007-05-03 Jerome Jackson Methods and systems for determining physiologic characteristics for treatment of the esophagus
US20070118104A1 (en) * 2005-11-23 2007-05-24 Wallace Michael P Auto-aligning ablating device and method of use
US20070118106A1 (en) * 2005-11-23 2007-05-24 Utley David S Precision ablating method
US20070135809A1 (en) * 2005-11-23 2007-06-14 Epas System Precision ablating device
US20080071257A1 (en) * 2006-09-18 2008-03-20 Cytyc Corporation Power Ramping During RF Ablation
US20080071269A1 (en) * 2006-09-18 2008-03-20 Cytyc Corporation Curved Endoscopic Medical Device
US20080097427A1 (en) * 2004-01-09 2008-04-24 Barrx Medical, Inc. Devices and Methods for Treatment of Luminal Tissue
US20080319350A1 (en) * 2007-06-22 2008-12-25 Wallace Michael P Electrical means to normalize ablational energy transmission to a luminal tissue surface of varying size
US20090012513A1 (en) * 2007-07-06 2009-01-08 Utley David S Ablation in the Gastrointestinal Tract to Achieve Hemostasis and Eradicate Lesions With a Propensity for Bleeding
US20090012518A1 (en) * 2007-07-06 2009-01-08 Utley David S Method and Apparatus for Ablation of Benign, Pre-Cancerous and Early Cancerous Lesions That Originate Within the Epithelium and are Limited to the Mucosal Layer of the Gastrointestinal Tract
US20090012512A1 (en) * 2007-07-06 2009-01-08 Utley David S Method and Apparatus for Gastrointestinal Tract Ablation to Achieve Loss of Persistent and/or Recurrent Excess Body Weight Following a Weight-Loss Operation
US20090036733A1 (en) * 2007-07-30 2009-02-05 Michael Wallace Cleaning device and methods
US20090048593A1 (en) * 1999-11-16 2009-02-19 Ganz Robert A System and method of treating abnormal tissue in the human esophagus
US20090318914A1 (en) * 2008-06-18 2009-12-24 Utley David S System and method for ablational treatment of uterine cervical neoplasia
US7674260B2 (en) 2005-04-28 2010-03-09 Cytyc Corporation Emergency hemostasis device utilizing energy
US20100063495A1 (en) * 1996-10-11 2010-03-11 Edwards Stuart D System for tissue ablation
US7731712B2 (en) 2004-12-20 2010-06-08 Cytyc Corporation Method and system for transcervical tubal occlusion
US20100191237A1 (en) * 1998-05-20 2010-07-29 Shadduck John H Surgical instruments and techniques for treating gastro-esophageal reflux disease
US20100234840A1 (en) * 1999-11-16 2010-09-16 Jerome Jackson Methods and systems for determining physiologic characteristics for treatment of the esophagus
US7846160B2 (en) 2006-12-21 2010-12-07 Cytyc Corporation Method and apparatus for sterilization
US8551082B2 (en) 1998-05-08 2013-10-08 Cytyc Surgical Products Radio-frequency generator for powering an ablation device
US8641711B2 (en) 2007-05-04 2014-02-04 Covidien Lp Method and apparatus for gastrointestinal tract ablation for treatment of obesity
US8646460B2 (en) 2007-07-30 2014-02-11 Covidien Lp Cleaning device and methods

Cited By (65)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4672962A (en) * 1983-09-28 1987-06-16 Cordis Corporation Plaque softening method
US4682596A (en) * 1984-05-22 1987-07-28 Cordis Corporation Electrosurgical catheter and method for vascular applications
USRE33925E (en) * 1984-05-22 1992-05-12 Cordis Corporation Electrosurgical catheter aned method for vascular applications
US9095348B2 (en) 1996-04-12 2015-08-04 Cytyc Surgical Products Moisture transport system for contact electrocoagulation
US6813520B2 (en) 1996-04-12 2004-11-02 Novacept Method for ablating and/or coagulating tissue using moisture transport
US20050085880A1 (en) * 1996-04-12 2005-04-21 Csaba Truckai Moisture transport system for contact electrocoagulation
US20050267468A1 (en) * 1996-04-12 2005-12-01 Csaba Truckai Moisture transport system for contact electrocoagulation
US9247989B2 (en) 1996-04-12 2016-02-02 Cytyc Surgical Products Moisture transport system for contact electrocoagulation
US8506563B2 (en) 1996-04-12 2013-08-13 Cytyc Surgical Products Moisture transport system for contact electrocoagulation
US8998898B2 (en) 1996-04-12 2015-04-07 Cytyc Surgical Products Moisture transport system for contact electrocoagulation
US20100036372A1 (en) * 1996-04-12 2010-02-11 Csaba Truckai Moisture transport system for contact electrocoagulation
US7512445B2 (en) 1996-04-12 2009-03-31 Cytyc Corporation Moisture transport system for contact electrocoagulation
US7604633B2 (en) 1996-04-12 2009-10-20 Cytyc Corporation Moisture transport system for contact electrocoagulation
US20100063495A1 (en) * 1996-10-11 2010-03-11 Edwards Stuart D System for tissue ablation
US8551082B2 (en) 1998-05-08 2013-10-08 Cytyc Surgical Products Radio-frequency generator for powering an ablation device
US9554853B2 (en) 1998-05-08 2017-01-31 Hologic, Inc. Radio-frequency generator for powering an ablation device
US20100191237A1 (en) * 1998-05-20 2010-07-29 Shadduck John H Surgical instruments and techniques for treating gastro-esophageal reflux disease
US7993336B2 (en) 1999-11-16 2011-08-09 Barrx Medical, Inc. Methods and systems for determining physiologic characteristics for treatment of the esophagus
US20090048593A1 (en) * 1999-11-16 2009-02-19 Ganz Robert A System and method of treating abnormal tissue in the human esophagus
US8876818B2 (en) 1999-11-16 2014-11-04 Covidien Lp Methods and systems for determining physiologic characteristics for treatment of the esophagus
US9039699B2 (en) 1999-11-16 2015-05-26 Covidien Lp Methods and systems for treatment of tissue in a body lumen
US8377055B2 (en) 1999-11-16 2013-02-19 Covidien Lp Methods and systems for determining physiologic characteristics for treatment of the esophagus
US9555222B2 (en) 1999-11-16 2017-01-31 Covidien Lp Methods and systems for determining physiologic characteristics for treatment of the esophagus
US9597147B2 (en) 1999-11-16 2017-03-21 Covidien Lp Methods and systems for treatment of tissue in a body lumen
US20100234840A1 (en) * 1999-11-16 2010-09-16 Jerome Jackson Methods and systems for determining physiologic characteristics for treatment of the esophagus
US8398631B2 (en) 1999-11-16 2013-03-19 Covidien Lp System and method of treating abnormal tissue in the human esophagus
US20070100333A1 (en) * 1999-11-16 2007-05-03 Jerome Jackson Methods and systems for determining physiologic characteristics for treatment of the esophagus
US8012149B2 (en) 1999-11-16 2011-09-06 Barrx Medical, Inc. Methods and systems for determining physiologic characteristics for treatment of the esophagus
US8192426B2 (en) 2004-01-09 2012-06-05 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Devices and methods for treatment of luminal tissue
US20080097427A1 (en) * 2004-01-09 2008-04-24 Barrx Medical, Inc. Devices and Methods for Treatment of Luminal Tissue
US9393069B2 (en) 2004-01-09 2016-07-19 Covidien Lp Devices and methods for treatment of luminal tissue
US7731712B2 (en) 2004-12-20 2010-06-08 Cytyc Corporation Method and system for transcervical tubal occlusion
US7674260B2 (en) 2005-04-28 2010-03-09 Cytyc Corporation Emergency hemostasis device utilizing energy
US7959627B2 (en) 2005-11-23 2011-06-14 Barrx Medical, Inc. Precision ablating device
US7997278B2 (en) 2005-11-23 2011-08-16 Barrx Medical, Inc. Precision ablating method
US9179970B2 (en) 2005-11-23 2015-11-10 Covidien Lp Precision ablating method
US20090177194A1 (en) * 2005-11-23 2009-07-09 Wallace Michael P Auto-aligning ablating device and method of use
US9918794B2 (en) 2005-11-23 2018-03-20 Covidien Lp Auto-aligning ablating device and method of use
US9918793B2 (en) 2005-11-23 2018-03-20 Covidien Lp Auto-aligning ablating device and method of use
US20070135809A1 (en) * 2005-11-23 2007-06-14 Epas System Precision ablating device
US8702695B2 (en) 2005-11-23 2014-04-22 Covidien Lp Auto-aligning ablating device and method of use
US20070118104A1 (en) * 2005-11-23 2007-05-24 Wallace Michael P Auto-aligning ablating device and method of use
US8702694B2 (en) 2005-11-23 2014-04-22 Covidien Lp Auto-aligning ablating device and method of use
US20070118106A1 (en) * 2005-11-23 2007-05-24 Utley David S Precision ablating method
US20080071257A1 (en) * 2006-09-18 2008-03-20 Cytyc Corporation Power Ramping During RF Ablation
US8486060B2 (en) 2006-09-18 2013-07-16 Cytyc Corporation Power ramping during RF ablation
US20080071269A1 (en) * 2006-09-18 2008-03-20 Cytyc Corporation Curved Endoscopic Medical Device
US7846160B2 (en) 2006-12-21 2010-12-07 Cytyc Corporation Method and apparatus for sterilization
US8641711B2 (en) 2007-05-04 2014-02-04 Covidien Lp Method and apparatus for gastrointestinal tract ablation for treatment of obesity
US9993281B2 (en) 2007-05-04 2018-06-12 Covidien Lp Method and apparatus for gastrointestinal tract ablation for treatment of obesity
US8784338B2 (en) 2007-06-22 2014-07-22 Covidien Lp Electrical means to normalize ablational energy transmission to a luminal tissue surface of varying size
US9198713B2 (en) 2007-06-22 2015-12-01 Covidien Lp Electrical means to normalize ablational energy transmission to a luminal tissue surface of varying size
US20080319350A1 (en) * 2007-06-22 2008-12-25 Wallace Michael P Electrical means to normalize ablational energy transmission to a luminal tissue surface of varying size
US8251992B2 (en) 2007-07-06 2012-08-28 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Method and apparatus for gastrointestinal tract ablation to achieve loss of persistent and/or recurrent excess body weight following a weight-loss operation
US8439908B2 (en) 2007-07-06 2013-05-14 Covidien Lp Ablation in the gastrointestinal tract to achieve hemostasis and eradicate lesions with a propensity for bleeding
US9364283B2 (en) 2007-07-06 2016-06-14 Covidien Lp Method and apparatus for gastrointestinal tract ablation to achieve loss of persistent and/or recurrent excess body weight following a weight loss operation
US9839466B2 (en) 2007-07-06 2017-12-12 Covidien Lp Method and apparatus for gastrointestinal tract ablation to achieve loss of persistent and/or recurrent excess body weight following a weight loss operation
US20090012512A1 (en) * 2007-07-06 2009-01-08 Utley David S Method and Apparatus for Gastrointestinal Tract Ablation to Achieve Loss of Persistent and/or Recurrent Excess Body Weight Following a Weight-Loss Operation
US20090012518A1 (en) * 2007-07-06 2009-01-08 Utley David S Method and Apparatus for Ablation of Benign, Pre-Cancerous and Early Cancerous Lesions That Originate Within the Epithelium and are Limited to the Mucosal Layer of the Gastrointestinal Tract
US20090012513A1 (en) * 2007-07-06 2009-01-08 Utley David S Ablation in the Gastrointestinal Tract to Achieve Hemostasis and Eradicate Lesions With a Propensity for Bleeding
US8646460B2 (en) 2007-07-30 2014-02-11 Covidien Lp Cleaning device and methods
US20090036733A1 (en) * 2007-07-30 2009-02-05 Michael Wallace Cleaning device and methods
US9314289B2 (en) 2007-07-30 2016-04-19 Covidien Lp Cleaning device and methods
US8273012B2 (en) 2007-07-30 2012-09-25 Tyco Healthcare Group, Lp Cleaning device and methods
US20090318914A1 (en) * 2008-06-18 2009-12-24 Utley David S System and method for ablational treatment of uterine cervical neoplasia

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