US54730A - Improved steam-generator - Google Patents

Improved steam-generator Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US54730A
US54730A US54730DA US54730A US 54730 A US54730 A US 54730A US 54730D A US54730D A US 54730DA US 54730 A US54730 A US 54730A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
water
steam
fuel
boiler
fire
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US54730A publication Critical patent/US54730A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B9/00Piston machines or pumps characterised by the driving or driven means to or from their working members
    • F04B9/08Piston machines or pumps characterised by the driving or driven means to or from their working members the means being fluid
    • F04B9/10Piston machines or pumps characterised by the driving or driven means to or from their working members the means being fluid the fluid being liquid

Description

` of a plain cylinder.
t UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
DEWITT C. HOWELL., GOSHEN, NEV YORK.
iMPRovED STEAM-GENERATOR.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 54,730, dated May l5, 1866.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, Dnwirfr C. HOWELL, ot Goshen, in the county of Orange and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Steam-Boilers; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description ofthe same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification, in whichf Figure l is a central vertical section of a boiler constructed according to 1n y invention. Fig. 2 is a horizontal section of the same.
Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in both gures.
This invention relates to that class of steamboilers in which the whole of the gaseous products of combustion of the fuel employed to generate steam are caused to pass through the water in the boiler for the purpose of utilizing to the greatest practicable degree the 'heat evolved in the combustion of the fuel, and to pass with the steam to the engine or apparatus in which the steam is used. The invention consists ina novel construction of such a boiler whereby the gaseous products of combustion are caused to circulate :in an effective manner through the water in the boiler 5 also, in novel means of supplying fuel to the furnace of such a boiler 5 and, further,in certain means whereby, in case of the stoppage of the operation of the blower or other forcing apparatus employed to supply thefurnace with air for supporting combustion and to drive the gaseous products of combustion into and through the water, the water is prevented from being forced into the fire chamber, and thereby extinguishing the nre.
To enable others skilled in the art to make and use my invention, I will proceed to describe it with reference to the drawings.
The boiler represented is of upright cylindrical form. A is the exterior shell, consist-ing B is a fire-box, cylindrical and concentric with the shell A, and extending `through the bottom thereof toform an ash-pit,
J the grade C, which is of annular form, being on about a level with the bottom of the shell.
G G g g is the conductor through which the hot gaseous products of combustion are coni veyed from the upper part ofthe nre-box down ward into the water. This is formed of two concentric open-bottomed cylinders, G G', at-
tached, by their heads g g to the central flue, E, which ascends from the top of the fire-box through the top of the shell and leads to a chimney. A number of openings, e c, are provided in and around the flue E to make afree communication between the fire-box and the interior spaces of thc conductor. Several short tubes, I1 F, a short distance apart and a little below the waterline, connect the cylinders G G' and pass through the conducting-space between the said cylinders for circulation of water. Similar tubes II H,but arranged vertically, also connect the heads of the said cylinders and pass through the intervening con ducting-space to allow the steam to pass upward. The water occupies the annular space between theiirebox and the outer shell, A, and is kept high enough to cover the top of firebox. The liueE is fitted above the top of the shell with a valve, E', which closes steam-tight. Below this valve a pipe, P, leads from the iiue E down into the water-space, and in the 'part of this pipe within the steam-space, above the water, there is an opening, o, fitted with a valve, c', which opens inward to the` said pipe.
I( is the tube through which the air is driven by the blowing apparatus into the ash-pit to support combustion.
D is an upright cylindrical fueLreservoir from which the coal or other fuel is supplied to the grate. This reservoir, which is concentric with the annular grate, is closed at the bottom but open at the top, which is situated at a level with the grate, and it is fitted with a piston, D', which is worked by a screw, D2, passing through the bottom of the reservoir. Below the ash-pit the reservoir is fitted with an air-tight slide-valve, M, to shut of the upper from the lower part, and below this valve there is an air-tight door, N, for the introduction of fuel.
The operation is as follows: In starting the re the piston Dl is run downto the bottom of the cylinder D, theslide E is drawn, and the air-tight ash-pit door O is opened to admit air below the grate. A natural draft is thus obtained to start the fire. The fuel is supplied through an airtight door, It, connecting the shell with the nre-box above the grate. The reservoir D is also filled with fuel. As soon as the water is sufficiently heated to generate steam freely the slide E and doors It 'and N are closed. Air to support combustion islthenV forced through the pipe K into the ash-pit and up through the grate, and through openings d d in the reservoir, so that the fuel immediately over the latter will burn as well as that in the grate. The heat which is not absorbed by the Water immediately surrounding the firebox rises with the gaseous products of combustion into the flue E, passes through the openings e cinto the conductor G Gg g', and expels the water, which up to this time has lled the lower part of the conductor as farup as the water-level, and finally escapes at the bottom of the conductor into the water itself, and all that is not absorbed escapes with the gases into the steam-space above, as indicated by arrows in Fig. 1, the gases mixing with the steam and passing off with it by the steampipe S. All ashes and particles of grit that are discharged through the conductorinto the water become saturated and remain at the bottom of the water-space, between the tire-box and outer shell, whence they can be discharged through blow-off cocks f j" through a pipe, f.
When additional fuel is required it is forced up in the reservoir and caused to pass over the upper edge thereof onto the grate by raising the piston D until the latter arrives just below the slide M, and when more is needed the said slide is closed andthe piston run down, the door N is opened, and through it the reservoiris filled up with fuel below the slide M. M drawn out again, and fresh fuel forced up into the fire by the piston D.
Should the blowing apparatus be stopped for any considerable time, the pressure of the steam might exceed that of the air and gases within the fire-box and cause the water to return through the conductor G G g g, enter the ue E, and extinguish the fire were this not provided against by the valve o and pipe The door N is then closed, the slide so placed that its bottom would be a littlev higher than the burners, and from its top a pipe should connect with the steam-space of the boiler to force a iiow to the burners under any pressure. The air to support combustion would be supplied by a blowing apparatus in substantially the same manner as for burning coal or other solid fuel.
A modification of theconductor may be made by substituting for the two cylinders G G a series of tubes connected with the openings E E and descending into the water with open bottoms nearly to the bottom of the boiler. These tubes I consider equivalent to the conductor constructed as tirst described.
What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
l. The conductor G G g g', constructed and connected with the tire-box, and arranged with reference to the fire-box and surrounding portion of the boiler substantially as herein described, for the purpose set forth.
US54730D Improved steam-generator Expired - Lifetime US54730A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US54730A true US54730A (en) 1866-05-15

Family

ID=2124273

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US54730D Expired - Lifetime US54730A (en) Improved steam-generator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US54730A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2762429A (en) * 1951-11-16 1956-09-11 Swift & Co Apparatus for concentrating heat sensitive liquids
US2773545A (en) * 1952-10-24 1956-12-11 Swift & Co Submerged combustion evaporation
US4409926A (en) * 1980-04-30 1983-10-18 Vosper Thornycroft Limited Horizontal sheel boiler
US4831941A (en) * 1987-07-21 1989-05-23 Temperature Adjusters, Inc. Wrap-around heat and smoke extractor
US4951582A (en) * 1987-07-21 1990-08-28 Temperature Adjusters, Inc. Wrap-around heat and smoke extractor
US5029534A (en) * 1987-07-21 1991-07-09 Temperature Adjusters, Inc. Wrap-around heat and smoke extractor

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2762429A (en) * 1951-11-16 1956-09-11 Swift & Co Apparatus for concentrating heat sensitive liquids
US2773545A (en) * 1952-10-24 1956-12-11 Swift & Co Submerged combustion evaporation
US4409926A (en) * 1980-04-30 1983-10-18 Vosper Thornycroft Limited Horizontal sheel boiler
US4831941A (en) * 1987-07-21 1989-05-23 Temperature Adjusters, Inc. Wrap-around heat and smoke extractor
US4951582A (en) * 1987-07-21 1990-08-28 Temperature Adjusters, Inc. Wrap-around heat and smoke extractor
US5029534A (en) * 1987-07-21 1991-07-09 Temperature Adjusters, Inc. Wrap-around heat and smoke extractor

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US34556A (en) Improvement in steam-boilers
US34929A (en) Improvement in stoves
US23030A (en) Improvement in steam-boilers
US373835A (en) Combined steam
US1684201A (en) Boiler for utilizing fine coal
US351338A (en) Steam-boiler and furnace
US299881A (en) Furnace
US74269A (en) Improvement in steam-generitors
US524248A (en) Heating-stove
US725228A (en) Furnace for steam-generators.
US25279A (en) Eurnace and ventilator
US375161A (en) Apparatus for making fuel-gas
US32204A (en) Improvement in steam-boilers
US353996A (en) Steam-generator
US458390A (en) Hydrocarbon-furnace
US757949A (en) Furnace.
US1773592A (en) Hot-water heater and burner
US38361A (en) Improvement in stoves
US38828A (en) Improvement in stoves
US289989A (en) culver
US1228102A (en) Boiler-furnace.
US2314581A (en) Sectional boiler
US134879A (en) Improvement in hot-air furnaces
US28335A (en) Steam-boiler furnaces
US621350A (en) Boiler