US540210A - hughes - Google Patentshughes Download PDF
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- US540210A US540210A US540210DA US540210A US 540210 A US540210 A US 540210A US 540210D A US540210D A US 540210DA US 540210 A US540210 A US 540210A
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- 235000019504 cigarettes Nutrition 0.000 description 108
- 241000681094 Zingel asper Species 0.000 description 90
- 241000208125 Nicotiana Species 0.000 description 38
- 235000002637 Nicotiana tabacum Nutrition 0.000 description 38
- 239000000203 mixture Substances 0.000 description 30
- 238000005520 cutting process Methods 0.000 description 16
- 210000003414 Extremities Anatomy 0.000 description 10
- 238000005096 rolling process Methods 0.000 description 10
- 238000009963 fulling Methods 0.000 description 8
- 150000001875 compounds Chemical class 0.000 description 6
- 238000002788 crimping Methods 0.000 description 6
- 238000004519 manufacturing process Methods 0.000 description 6
- 230000001721 combination Effects 0.000 description 4
- 239000011435 rock Substances 0.000 description 4
- 241000282619 Hylobates lar Species 0.000 description 2
- 210000003141 Lower Extremity Anatomy 0.000 description 2
- 230000000694 effects Effects 0.000 description 2
- 239000004744 fabric Substances 0.000 description 2
- 239000000463 material Substances 0.000 description 2
- 230000003534 oscillatory Effects 0.000 description 2
- 230000036633 rest Effects 0.000 description 2
- A—HUMAN NECESSITIES
- A24—TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
- A24C—MACHINES FOR MAKING CIGARS OR CIGARETTES
- A24C1/00—Elements of cigar manufacture
- A24C1/26—Applying the wrapper
- A24C1/30—Devices for applying the wrapper to the bunch
(No Model.) K
W. HUGHES. CIGARETTE MACHINE.
7 Sheets-Sheet 1.
Patented May 28, 1895.
`r Nunms PETERS co, PHoroMjmo.. WASHINGTON n c (No Model.) 7 Sheets-
' W. HUGHES.
Patented May'ZS, 1895.
his Nonms Firms co 7 Sheets-'Sheet a.
Patented MeyZB, 1895K.
No. 540,210. Patented May 28,1895.
..--lJI -i+1 wer CO?? mmm Haya@ (No Model.) 7 Sheets-
CIGARETTE MAGHINE. No. 540,210. Patnted May 28, 1895.
(No Model.) "1 sheets-sheet e. W. HUGHES. CIGARETTE MACHINE.
NoJ 540,210. E Patented May 28, 1895.
Summa/lio@ (No Model.) 7 Sheets-Sheet 7.
' W. HUGHES.
No. 540,210. Patented May 28, 1895.
Z W J @MEM .JfC-s Attorneys.
WILLIAM HUGHES, OF MEXICO, MEXICO.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 540,210, dated May 28, 1895..
Application filed August 23, 1893. Serial No. 483,338. (No model.) Patentedin Mexico January 30, 1893, No. 404, and in Spain June 21, 1,893,110. 14,348.
To @ZZ whom it may concern.-
Beit known that I, WILLIAM HUGHES, a citizen of the United States, residing at Mexico the following foreign patents, to wit: Mexican, No. 404, dated January 30, 1893, and Spanish, No. 14,348, dated June 21, 1893, registered in Colonial Office March 31, 1894;) and l do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
My invention relates to a new and improved cigarette machine especially designed 'for the manufacture of cigarettes having folded or tucked in ends and known on the market as Spanish or Havana cigarettes, and has for its object to provide a machine wherein the paper wrappers and tobacco are fed to the machine and therein rolled into cylindrical shape to form a cigarette, the ends of the cigarettes folded or tucked in,and the completed cigarettes delivered from the machine in uniform size and shape.
To these ends my invention consists in the various constructions and arrangements and combinations of parts hereinafter fully described and afterward pointed out in the laims.
In the accompanyingdrawings, Figure lis a side elevation of my improved machine, partly in section. Fig. 2 is a similar View looking from the other side. Fig. 3 is an end view partly in section. Fig. 4 is a top plan view of the machine. Fig. 5 is a detail view showing the cigarette-rolling mechanism. The dotted lines show the apron ready to receive the tobacco and paper before the bight is formed therein. Fig. 6 is aview of the same mechanism as above, showing the rolling completed. Fig. 7 is a similar View showingthe cigarette in position for crimping, the dotted lines showing the position assumed by the apron and lever during the release of the completed cigarette. Fig. S is a view showing the position of the crimping device immediately before the cigarette is crimped Fig: 9 is a similar View showing the crimping devices as in op eration. Figs. 10 andll are detail views of the paper-cutting mechanism.v
The frame of the machine consists of two parallel side frames 1 and 2 of suitable dimensions and configuration and rlnly secured at the proper distance apart by means of suitable braces or tie-rods.
3 indicates the drive shaft which is mounted in suitable bearings in the lower part of the machine frame and is driven in any preferred and well known manner. To one end of said drive shaft is secured a
gear wheel 14 which meshes with a similar gear wheel 5 mounted on one end of a shaft 6 mounted in bearings in the frame of the machine. The various different parts of the machine necessary to form the completed cigarette derive their motion from the two shafts 3 and 6 as will hereinafter appear.
The numeral 7 indicates the table upon which the cigarette is rolled and consists of a flat plate secured to the frame of the machine in an inclined position as shown. Over said table 7 is disposed an
apron 8, secured at one endV to the upper end of the table and at its other end secured to a clamp bar 9. Said apron may be made of cloth, rubber, or any other material desired or preferred. Said clamp bar 9 is secured at each end to the upper end ot' a bell- crank lever 10 pivoted to the frame at 1l, the other end of said bell crank lever 10 being connected tothe upper end of.
rod 12 which at its lower end is pivoted to a lever 13 the latter in turn being pivoted near its center as at 14 Figs. 1 and 2, to the fraine of the'machine and carrying at its extremity a friction roll 15 which bears against a cam 16 upon the shaft 6. The said cam in its revolution with the shaft 6 depresses the inner end of the lever 13 and through the medium of the rod 12 and bell crank levers 10 swings the clamp bar 9 forward and straightens outthe apron 8 for the purpose hereinafter made apparent.
17 and 18 indicate two guide rods arranged beneath the table 7 and parallel therewith, said guide rods being secured at their upper ends to a
plate 19 rigidly secured to the frame of the machine and at their lower ends secured to brackets secured to the.
frame of the niachine. Mounted and adapted to travel upon said
guide rods 17 is a carriage 2l in the upper portion of which is journaled a hooked or curved plate 22 which'is adapted to travel with said carriage and as it is moved upward and over the table 7 engages the lower side of the apron 8 and forces a part of the apron to crimp, fold or roll about the paper and tobacco, and as the said hooked plate contin ues to move upward over the table 7, the paper and tobacco are rolled to form a cigarette, as 'more fully hereinafter described.
The reciprocating movement of the carriage 2l is accomplished as follows: To the 'carriage is pivotally secured one end of a link 23 which at its other end is pivoted to one end of a
lever 24 the other end of said lever 24 being pivotally connected to the frame of the machine at 25. Afriction roller 26 is mounted upon the lever 24 near its center and bears upon the periphery of a cam 27 secured on the shaft 6. As said cam 27 rotates withthe shaft 6 it raises and lowers the lever 24 and through the medium of the link 23 reciprocates the carriage 21 back and forth upon the 17 and 18. The guide rods cam 27 may be slightly attened or otherwise adjusted or shaped, as will be obvious to a mechanic, so that at a certain point during its revolution it will have no effect to either raise or lower the lever 24 and hencethe carriage, for an interval will remain stationary. The cam is so arranged that this will occur when the carriage is at the extreme limit of its upward movement, for the purpose hereinafter described.
sides 1 and 2 of the frame of the machine extend upwardly projecting standards 28 which from their top extremities downward for a suitable distance are slotted as at 29, within which slots are adapted to 'rest the journals of a drum or paper roll 30, said journals having a free movement in said slotted standards. The paper roll 30 rests upon acylinder 31 mounted on a shaft 32 journaled in the standards and as said cylinder revolves the paper roll 30 is rotated to feed off the paper. Y
cylinder 31 is rotated as follows: Secured to one end of the shaft 32 of the cylinder 3l is a ratchety wheel 33, and loosely mounted on the shaft 32 is an arm 34 to which is pivoted a pawl the free end of which engages the teeth of the ratchet wheel 33 and is held in engagement therewith by a spring 36. The arm 34 is pivotally secured to aconnecting rod 37 the other end of which is pivotally connected to one end of a lever 38 the other end of said lever being pivoted to the frame of the machine at 39. Upon the lever 38, near its center, isjournaled a friction roller 40 which bears against the periphery of a cam 41.rigidly mounted on the shaft 6. As the cam 4l rotates with the shaft 6 it raises and lowers the lever 38 'and through the medium of the connecting rod 37 operates the arm 34 carrying the pawl 35, the movement being" sufficient to cause the pawl to turn the ratchet wheel 33 a distance equal to two of its teeth, which will feed an amount of paper from the roll 3U, sufficient for the manufacture of one cigarette. As the paper is fed from the roll 30 it passes between the cylinder 31 and a roller 42 supported by a plate 43 secured to the frameof the machine. The plate 43 serves as a guide for the paper and also to support the paper cutting mechanism. The roller 42 revolves with the cylinder 3l through friction but if desired it may be positively rotated by gearing connected with the shaft 32.
To thelower edge of the
plate 43 is secured the cutting mechanism consisting of a xed blade 44 and a pivoted blade 45 constituting a pair of shears. The cutting edges of said blades are preferably serrated or toothed-and said blades may either cut at an angle in the manner of ordinary shears, or the pivoted blade may be so pivoted as to approach the fixed blade evenly and squarely, and said blades may be either straight or curved.
The cutting mechanism is operated as follows: To one extremity of the pivoted
blade 45 is secured one end of a link 46 which at its other end is secured to theupper extremity of a bell crank lover 47, pivoted at 48 to the frame, the lower extremity thereof being pivotally connected to one end of a link 49 which at its other end is similarly connected to a lever 5() at or near the center of the latter. The lever 50 is pivoted at one end to the frame of the machine and is provided at its other end with a friction roll 5l which bears against the periphery of a cam 52 rigidly mounted on the shaft 6. As the cam revolves it raises and lowers the lever 50 and through the medium of the link 49, bell crank lever 47 and link 4G operates the pivoted blade 45 to cut the paper, the cut off portion falling down upon the apron 8.
The tobacco is fed to the apron as follows: The numeral 53 see Fig. 1 indicates a flattened tube, open at its outer end and secured in a horizontal position to the frame of the machine. Said tube is provided with a feed opening 54 of a size necessary to receive the proper quantity of tobacco to make one cigarette at a time, said opening being formed in the top of the
tube 53, and is also provided with a discharge spout 55 at its inner end. In said tube 53 is fitted a plunger 56 which is caused to reciprocate back and forth within said tube to discharge the tobacco on the apron as follows: To the outer end of the plunger 56 is pivoted one end of a link 57 which is pivotally secured at its other end to the upper end of a bell crank lever58 mounted on the shaft 59 secured to the lower part of the frame of the machine. The said bell crank lever at its other extremity carries a friction roll 60 which bears against the pcriphery ofthe cam 61 rigidly mountedon the shaft 3. The cam 6l in its rotation rocks the IOC IIO
lever 58 upon its 'shaft 59 and through the link connection 57 transmits to the plunger 56 a reciprocating motion.
The mechanism for foldingortucking in the ends of the cigarettes is constructed as follows: To the under side of the
plate 19 and opposite the upper end of the table 7 are secured the 62 and 63. As the tuckers and their operating mechanisms upon each side are duplicates of each other it will only be necessary to describe the tuckers and operating mechanism upon one side of the machine. The tuckers 62 and 63 each consists of a bar curved at the inner end and slotted, as shown. Guide pins 64pass through tuckers slots 65 of the ers and into the plate 19. To the 62 and 63 are pivotally secured tuckers 66 and 67 the other ends of the said links being pivoted to the links plate 19. Pivoted to the 62 and 63 and common to both, tuckers
lever 68, which at its center is pivoted to `one end of a connecting rod 69, the other endl of said rod beingjpivoted to a lever 70 which at its inner end is pivoted to the plate 19 and at its outer end carriesI a friction roll 71. This friction roll 71 bears against the periphery of an irregularly shaped cam 72 mounted upon one end of a shaft 73, said'shaft at its upper end having a bearing in the plate 19 and at its lower end journaled in a bracket 74 secured to the frame of the machine,acol
The operation of the machine is as follows: Power is applied to pulley P, to drive the
shaft 3, which, through the medium of 4 and 5 communicate motion to the shaft 6. The gear wheels shaft 3 in its rotation revolves the cam 41 which latter raises the lever 38, and `through the medium of the connecting rod 37 operates the arm 34 carrying the pawl 35 to turnthe ratchet wheel 33 which operates the cylinder 31 and thus turns the paper roll 30 the proper distance to reel off sufficient paper for the manufacture of one cigarette. As the paper is fed off from the roll 30 it passes between the cylinder 31 and the roller 42. The cam 52 on the shaft 6 now commences to raise the lever 50 and through the medium of the link 49, bell crank lever 47 and link 46 oper ates the pivoted blade 45 of the cutting mechanism and cuts off the proper length of paper to form one wrapper the paper falling into the pocket in the apron, and held in proper position by the projections 78-.on the frames 1 and 2. As the hooked plate 22 engages the bottom of the apron the cam 6l on the shaft 3 rocks the bell crank lever 58 upon its pivot 59 and through link connection 57 causes the plunger 56 to move forward` in the flattened tube 53 and discharge the tobacco therefrom through the discharge spout 55 into the Wrapper on the apron. As the carriage 2l carry ingthe hooked plate 22 moves forward it engagesthe under side of the apron and forms a fold or bight therein and its continued movement rolls the Wrapper and tobacco within the fold into cylindrical shape upon the table 7 to form the cigarette. Asbefore described the movement of the carriage is effected through the medium of the cam 27 mounted on the shaft 6 lever 24 and link 23j and the cam 27 is so adjusted that when the carriage has reached the extreme limit of its forward movement it will have no eifect to either raise or lower the lever 24 andhence the hooked plate 22 will, for an instant, remain stationary, holding the cigarette between the 62 and 63. The said tuckers through the medium of the shat't73 geared to the tuckers shaft 3 and the cams 72, lever 70, connecting rods 69 and compound levers 68, are given an oscillating or compound curved movement toward and from the ends of the cigarette, tucking or folding in the ends of the Wrapper. As the carriage is moved'in the reverse direction and after it has passed from off the table 7 a cam upon the shaft 3 operates the 13, 12 and 10 and swingsv the clamp bar to straighten out the apron taut whereupon the finished cigarette rolls off the apron into a suitable receptacle. levers
Having described my invention, what I claim as new,and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is-
1. In a cigarette machine the combination of an apron, and means for forming and `traveling the bight in the apron, with 4mechanisms for feeding wrappers and tobacco on to the apron at the proper time, and mechanism for ing the ends of the rolled cigarette while it is held in the bight of the apron, substantially as described.
2. The combination of tobacco and paper feeding mechanisms, with an apron, a reciprocating plate for forming and moving the bight in the apron in Which the cigarette IOO is rolled, and tuckers adapted to tuck the ends of the cigarette before it is released from the bight, substantially as described.
3. In a cigarette machine, the combination with an apron in Which to roll the cigarette, and mechanisms for feeding the Wrapper and tobacco thereto, of means for forming the bight in the apron and causing such bight to travel and tuckers adapted to fold or tuck in the ends of the Wrapper While the cigarette is held in the bight, substantially as described.
4. In a cigarette machine, the combination l With an apron a tobacco feed mechanism and means for feeding and cutting from a paper roll the Wrappers, of means for forming a bight in the apron and moving such bight and tuckersadapted to fold or tuck in the ends of the cigarette While held in the bight, substantially as specified.
5. In a cigarette machine the combination with the Wrapper and tobacco feeding mechanisms, of a table, 'an apron disposed above said table, a reciprocating plate arranged beneath said apron and adapted to engage the bottom of said apron to form a fold or bight in the same and operating to vroll the cigarette in said bight or fold, and tuckers located at one end of the table adapted to tuck or fold in the ends of the rolled cigarette while they are held in the bight of the apron, substantially as described.
6. In a cigarette machine the combination with the wrapper and tobacco feeding lmechanism, of a table, an apron disposed above said table, a reciprocating plate arranged beneath said apron and adapted to engage the bottom of the apron 'to form a fold or bight in the same and roll the cigarette in said fold or bight, tuckers located at one end of the the table adapted to tuck or fold in the ends of the cigarette While it is held in the bight of the apron and means for stretching said apron taut to discharge the cigarette after it is tucked, substantially as described.
7. In a 'cigarette machine the combination with the tobacco and wrapper feeding and rolling mechanism, of tuckers adapted to engage the ends of the cigarette and tuck or fold in the ends of the Wrappers, said tuckers consisting of reciprocating bars a swinging link and a connecting rod arranged substantially as described and means for reciprocating said rod whereby the tuckers are given an oscillating or swinging movement as they reciprocate substantially as described.
8. In a cigarette machine, the combination with the Wrapper and tobacco feeding mechanism, the inclined table, the apron disposed above said table andthe reciprocating plate arranged beneath the apron, of the tuckers consisting of reciprocating bars provided with suitable guides, the swinging links pivotally secured to the bars and'means for communicating to said tuckers an oscillating or swinging movement simultaneously With their reciprocation to cause said tuckers to alternately engage the ends of the cigarette and tuck or `fold in the ends of the wrappers, substantiantially as described.
9. In a cigarette machine the combination with the wrapper and tobacco feeding mechanism, the inclined table the apron disposed above said table, and the reciprocating plate arranged beneath the apron, of the tuckers consisting of the slotted bars, the swinging links pivotally connected thereto and the guide pins engaging the slots of the bars, the lever pivoted to said tuckers, the connecting rod, the pivoted lever and the cam engaging said lever and carried by a shaft suitably mounted in the frame and geared to the drive shaft whereby the bars are swung laterally and simultaneously moved longitudinally toward the cigarette, substantially as described.
10. In a cigarette machine, the combination of an inclined table, an apron disposed above the same, a carriage traveling upon guides secured beneath the table and a curved or hooked plate attached to said carriage Working between the apron and table to form and travel the bight therein, and means for reciprocating said carriage, and tuckers adapted to operate on the cigarette while held in the bight, substantially as described.
1l. In a cigarette machine, the combination With the inclined table, of the apron disposed above the same, the carriage traveling upon guides secured beneath the table and the hooked plate pivotally attached thereto Working beneath the apron to form and travel the bight therein and hold the cigarette in the bight duripg the tucking, the link, the lever secured at one end to said link and at its other end pivoted to the machine frame, and carrying afriction roller,and the cam mounted on the main shaft and engaging said friction roller and the tuckers arranged to operate, substantially as described.
12. In a cigarette machine, the combination With the tobacco and cigarette rolling mechanism, of the paper feed mechanism consisting of an intermittently rotating cylinder,
`guides for a vertically movable paper roll above said cylinder, a guide plate, a guide roller j'ournaled in said plate, a fixed and a pivoted cutting blade yattached to said plate, a link pivotally connected to one end of the pivoted blade a bell crank lever a link and a lever pivoted at one end to the frame and at its other end carrying a friction roller all arranged substantially as described, and a cam mounted on the main shaft, engaging said roller, substantially as described.
13. The combination of mechanism for rolltucker bars are given both a longitudinal and lateral movement and caused to alternately operate on the adjoining end of the cigarette, substantially as described.
14. The herein described tucking mechanism for cigarette machines, consisting of the opposite slotted tucker bars 62, 63; guide pins 64:; the swinging
66, 67; the links lever 68 connecting 62, 63, and means for reciprocating said lever whereby the bars are given both an oscillatory and longitudinal movement, all substantially as specified. bars
15. In a cigarette rolling machine, the combin ation of the table, the apron thereover, fastened at the top to the upper end of table, and at bottom to a movable support; and a blade adapted to form a bight in the apron working WM. M. EDGAR, J. B. PHIPPs.
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|US540210A true US540210A (en)||1895-05-28|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|US540210D Expired - Lifetime US540210A (en)||hughes|
Country Status (1)
|US (1)||US540210A (en)|
Cited By (1)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|US3165106A (en) *||1961-07-03||1965-01-12||American Mach & Foundry||Method of forming cigar with filter therein|
- US US540210D patent/US540210A/en not_active Expired - Lifetime
Cited By (1)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|US3165106A (en) *||1961-07-03||1965-01-12||American Mach & Foundry||Method of forming cigar with filter therein|
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