US539867A - And george - Google Patents

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US539867A
US539867A US539867DA US539867A US 539867 A US539867 A US 539867A US 539867D A US539867D A US 539867DA US 539867 A US539867 A US 539867A
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bottle
plug
bore
valve
neck
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D49/00Arrangements or devices for preventing refilling of containers
    • B65D49/02One-way valves
    • B65D49/04Weighted valves

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  • This invention relates to non-fillable bottles, and the object thereof is to produce a nonrremovable stopper or device so constructed that when the bottle has been once filled and emptied of its contents it cannot beagain refilled, whereby we provide against certain frauds frequently practiced upon the proprietors or manufacturers of certain forms jof liquors, cordials, medicines, &c., which "usuallyjbear the distinctive marks of the proprietors or manufacturers, by parties so inclined, who, after the bottles have been once emptied of their original contents, simply refill them with an article of the same general class, of their own manufacture, or with a cheap or worthless article of the same general class, of any manufacture, and represent the same to be the original article.
  • Figure 1 represents a central vertical section of a bottle-neck provided with our improvements, said improvements being also partly in section;
  • Fig. 2 a transverse section on the line a: a; of Fig. 1, and Figs. 3 and 4 perspective'views of portions of our non-removable stopper. 7
  • the numeral 2 designates the neck of a bottle, which is preferably slightly contracted from the end or .nozzle 3 downward, as clearly shown in Fig.
  • the parts are assembled in the following manner:
  • the plug 5 is first inserted, the lower portion, thereof being coated with some form of plastic cement, which, when set, will hold the parts firmly together.
  • the ball valve 6 is then placed upon its seat and the top plug v 5 placed in position, as shown in Fig. 1.
  • This plug is also secured in the manner similar to that for securing plug 5. I donot limit myself, however, to any means of accomplishing this object, as they maybe secured in position in any manner known to those skilled in the art of glass working.
  • the discharge nozzle may be closed by a plug or cork in theusual manner, it being always understood that the bottle must be filled before the non-removable stopperis placed in position.
  • valve 6 will be reseated in any position in which the bottle can be held to admit of pouring liquids thereinto,'and no fluids of any form can pass into the bottle, and this operation of the valve would be the same, as will be observed, in any position in which the bottle could be held, and theconstruction of the plugs4 and 5 and the ports connecting with the interior thereof is such as to absolutely prohibit any tampering with the valve or the introduction of any instrument by which the seating thereof can be prevented during the operation of filling.
  • a non-removable stopper consisting of two parts or portions, one of which is located above the other and in communication therewith, the lower portion being provided with a central bore extending through the same, the upper part of which is enlarged and the lower end of 'the'enlargedportion being provided with a valve-seat adapted to receive a ball-valve, the upper portion being supported upon said lower portion and closing the upper end of the bore therein, and provided with a central bore closed at the lower end, the bores of each portion being in communication by means of ports formed in the sides thereof, which communicate with annular chambers surrounding said plugs, which chambers are also in communication, substantially as shown and described.

Description

NON -FILLABLE BOTTLE.
1% 539,867; Patented-May 28, 1895.
I j I a AUTO/M573.
UNITED STATES PATENT Fries.
JOHN GROSSMANN, OF WEST HOBOKEN, NEW JERSEY, AND GEORGE KLIEMAND, OF DAVIDS ISLAND, NEW YORK.
NON-FIILLABVLE BOTTLE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 539,867, dated May 28, 1895.
' Application filed March 4, 1895.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, JOHN GROSSMANN, of West Hoboken, in the county of Hudson and State of New Jersey, and GEORGE KLIEMAND, of Davids Island, in the'county of Westehes ter and State of New York, citizens of the United States, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Non-Fillable Bottles, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part thereof, in which similar numerals of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures.
This invention relates to non-fillable bottles, and the object thereof is to produce a nonrremovable stopper or device so constructed that when the bottle has been once filled and emptied of its contents it cannot beagain refilled, whereby we provide against certain frauds frequently practiced upon the proprietors or manufacturers of certain forms jof liquors, cordials, medicines, &c., which "usuallyjbear the distinctive marks of the proprietors or manufacturers, by parties so inclined, who, after the bottles have been once emptied of their original contents, simply refill them with an article of the same general class, of their own manufacture, or with a cheap or worthless article of the same general class, of any manufacture, and represent the same to be the original article. This object we accomplish by means of the construction disclosed in the following specification, of which the accompanying drawings form a part, in whic'h Figure 1 represents a central vertical section of a bottle-neck provided with our improvements, said improvements being also partly in section; Fig. 2, a transverse section on the line a: a; of Fig. 1, and Figs. 3 and 4 perspective'views of portions of our non-removable stopper. 7
Referring to the drawings, the numeral 2 designates the neck of a bottle, which is preferably slightly contracted from the end or .nozzle 3 downward, as clearly shown in Fig.
1. Within thisneck is placed our improved stopper, which consists of two hollow plugs,
shown in Fig. 1.
Serial No. 540,435- (No model.)
and provided with a lower portion, slightly contracted downwardly and adapted to closely fit the neck of the bottle, and an upper portion 7, of less diameter than the lower porenlarged part of said bore, which is also in communication with the annular chamber 8,
around the upper part, by means of upwardly inclined or directed ports or passages 9. The upper plug4 is preferably of the'general form of the frustrum of a cone, the base being di= rected upward and adapted to closely fit the interior walls of the neck of the bottle and the lower end thereof being adapted to fit and rest upon the upper end of part 5, as clearly By means of the conical form of the plug 4 an annular chamber 10 is formed between the same and the walls of the neck similar to the annular chamber8,
The parts are assembled in the following manner: The plug 5 is first inserted, the lower portion, thereof being coated with some form of plastic cement, which, when set, will hold the parts firmly together. The ball valve 6 is then placed upon its seat and the top plug v 5 placed in position, as shown in Fig. 1. This plug is also secured in the manner similar to that for securing plug 5. I donot limit myself, however, to any means of accomplishing this object, as they maybe secured in position in any manner known to those skilled in the art of glass working.
Afterthe bottle has been filled and the nonremovable stopper placed in position as above described, the discharge nozzle may be closed by a plug or cork in theusual manner, it being always understood that the bottle must be filled before the non-removable stopperis placed in position.
The bottle having been filled and the nonremovable stopper placed in position and it being desired to discharge the contents of the tral bore of the plug 4, from which they will be discharged in the usual manner, and this operation may be repeated or continued until the bottle is emptied of its contents.
If, now, an attempt be made to refill the bottle, the valve 6 will be reseated in any position in which the bottle can be held to admit of pouring liquids thereinto,'and no fluids of any form can pass into the bottle, and this operation of the valve would be the same, as will be observed, in any position in which the bottle could be held, and theconstruction of the plugs4 and 5 and the ports connecting with the interior thereof is such as to absolutely prohibit any tampering with the valve or the introduction of any instrument by which the seating thereof can be prevented during the operation of filling.
It will thus be seen that we accomplish the object of our invention by means'of a device simple in construction, application and operation, and which will not materially add to the cost of the bottle, and which is not liable to get out of order and fail' to efiect or produce the results required.
Having thus fully described our invention, what we claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. The combination, with the neck of abottle, of two plugs, the lower one of which is provided with a bore having a valve-seat, and a ball-valve adapted to be seatedthereomand with ports in the sides thereof, communicating with said bore above the valve-seat, and an annular chamber surrounding the upper end of said plug, the upper plug being also provided with a central bore, the lower end of which is closed, and supported upon the top of the lower plug and closing the bore therein, said central bore being also in communication with an annular chamber surrounding the same by means of ports or openings, and the said chamber surrounding thelower plug, substantially as shown and described.
2. The combination, with a bottle neck, of a non-removable stopper consisting of two parts or portions, one of which is located above the other and in communication therewith, the lower portion being provided with a central bore extending through the same, the upper part of which is enlarged and the lower end of 'the'enlargedportion being provided with a valve-seat adapted to receive a ball-valve, the upper portion being supported upon said lower portion and closing the upper end of the bore therein, and provided with a central bore closed at the lower end, the bores of each portion being in communication by means of ports formed in the sides thereof, which communicate with annular chambers surrounding said plugs, which chambers are also in communication, substantially as shown and described.
3. The combination, with the neck of a bottle, the walls of which are contracted inwardly from the top to the bottom thereof, of a non- I removable stopper consisting of two portions or plugs supported one above the other, the lower of said plugs being adapted at its lower end to fit the walls of the neck of the bottle and having its upper end contracted, forming an annular chamber around the same, the upper plug having its upper end adapted to fit the neck of the bottle and the lower end contracted, forming an annular chamber around the same, said lower plug being provided with a central bore extending through the same and having a valve-seat adapted to receive a ball valve, and ports forming a communication with the bore above the valveseat and with the annular chamber surrounding the upper portion of theplug, and the upper plug being also provided with a central bore closed at the lower end, and ports forming a communication between the same and the annular chamber surrounding the lower end of the plug, said annular chambers being also in communication and the upper end of the bore in the lower plug, being closed by the lower end of the upper plug, substantially as shown and described.
4:. The combination, with the neck of a bottle, of a non-removable stopper consisting of two portions or plugs, one supported above the other within the bottle-neck, the lower of said plugs being provided with a central bore and a valve-seat adapted to receive a valve, and the upper of said plugs being provided with a bore closed at the bottom, each of said plugs being contracted at their adjacentends, forming annular chambers which communicate with each other, said annular chambers being also in communication with the bore in the upper plug, by means of ports in the sides thereof, and with the bore in the lower plug by means of ports above the valve-seat, in the sides thereof, and the upper end of the bore in the lower plug being closed by the lower'end of the upper plug, whereby the bottle may be emptied of its contents but cannot be refilled, substantially as shown and described.
5. The combination, with the neck of a bottle the walls of which are contracted from the top downward of a non-removable stopper consisting of two portions or plugs, one supported above the other, the lower portion be ing so shaped at its lower end as to closely central bore, the upper portion of which is enlarged, and having a valve-seat at its lower end adapted to receive a ball valve, and being in communication by'means of ports or passages in the side walls thereof above the valveseat, With the annular chamber, the upper portion or plug, the upper end of which is adapted to fit closely within the neck of the bottle, being also provided with a central bore, the bottom of which is closed, and the lower walls being contracted and forming an annular chamber, in communication with the central bore by means of ports or passages therein, said annular chambers being also in com- JOHN GROSSMANN.
GEO. KLIEMAND.
Witnesses:
O. H. SoHLoTT, ADAM KIRTINGER.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070030943A1 (en) * 2005-08-08 2007-02-08 Global Nuclear Fuel - Americas, Llc Fuel spacer for a nuclear fuel bundle

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070030943A1 (en) * 2005-08-08 2007-02-08 Global Nuclear Fuel - Americas, Llc Fuel spacer for a nuclear fuel bundle

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