US53673A - Improved railway-frog - Google Patents

Improved railway-frog Download PDF

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US53673A
US53673A US53673DA US53673A US 53673 A US53673 A US 53673A US 53673D A US53673D A US 53673DA US 53673 A US53673 A US 53673A
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frog
rail
rails
turnout
improved railway
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61LGUIDING RAILWAY TRAFFIC; ENSURING THE SAFETY OF RAILWAY TRAFFIC
    • B61L5/00Local operating mechanisms for points or track-mounted scotch-blocks; Visible or audible signals; Local operating mechanisms for visible or audible signals

Description

PATENT EEICE.

PETER QUINN, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.

I MPROVED RAI LWAY-FROG.

Speciiication forming part of Letters Patent No. 53,673, dated April 3, 1866.

To all 'whom 'it may concern.-

Be it known that I, PETER QUINN, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, have invented an Improvement in Railroad-Frogs; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, aud exact description ofthe same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon.

My invention consists of a frog rail or rails adapted to the main rails of a railroad and to those of' a turnout, and operating' substantially as described hereinafter, so that railway-cars may be transferred from the main track to the turnout without the necessity of cutting the main rails and without resorting to the use of expensive permanent frogs.

In order to enable others skilled in the art to make and use my invention, I will now proceed to describe its construction and operation.

On reference to the accompanying drawings, which form a part of this specification, Figure 1 is a plan view of my improved railroad-frog, and Figs. 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 modifications of the same.

Similarletters refer to similar parts throughout the several views.

0n reference to Fig. l, A and A represent the permanent rails of the main track, and B and B the rails ofthe turnout, D being a guardrail, and E the movable frog-rail, which can be so adjusted as to form a continuation ot' the rail B ofthe turnout, or can be moved away from the said rail. This frog-rail is in the present instance hinged to the track at e, and is connected to a bar, f, the latter being jointed at m to a bar, h, and link t", the link being connected to the track by a suitable pin, n, and the bar hbeingconnected to an operatin glever, q, to which also may be connected the switch, as I have described in a separate application for a patent for the combination of the switchrails with the said frog-rail.

Where the rails of a turnout cross those of the main track it has been usual to cnt the rails and introduce expensive permanent frogs in order to allow the traverse of the car-wheels. These permanent frogs are expensive, and are soon worn away. At the same time they cause rapid deterioration of the rolling stock of railwaysevils which my invention has been designed to obviate.

It will be seen that when the frog-rail Ethas been so adjusted as to form a continuation of the rail B it crosses and rests on the rail A of the main track, the frog-rail being of such a thickness that on being traversed by carwheels the anges of the latter can cross the rail A without coming in contact therewith, the rail B being, of course, on the same level with the frog-rail for some distance from the point where the latter meets the said rail B, so that the car-wheels may gradually ascend to the height required for crossing the rail A of the main track.

By the above described arrangement the cutting. of the main rails andthe use ot' expensive permanent frogs are avoided. At the same time a steady foundation is presented by the rail A for the frog-rail.

In the moditication shown in Fig. 2 the rails of the turnout are curved, and a short frog-rail, E, is applied in a manner which will be readily understood by those familiar with the construction of permanent ways without description.

In the modification illustrated in Fig. 3 the frog-rails E E are introduced, one bein g jointed to a bar, f, which is connected to one arm of a lever, H, the other arm of which is connected by a rod, g, to the other frog-rail, E, so that on operatin g the bar L by means ot' a lever, as described in explaining the View Fig. 1, the two frog-rails can be simultaneously turned on their pins e away from the rail A, or made to form a continuation of the rail B.

In t-he modification illustrated in Fig. 4 the frog-rail E is guided to and from the rail B, during its movement by slides w w, attached to the said frog-rail and adapted to guides t t on the track.

In Fig. 5 the frog-rail E isoperated by means of fparallel connecting-bars j' fiin a manner which will be readily understood.

The frog-rail E in the modification seen in Fig. 6 is bent to the peculiar form illustrated, so that the wheels ot' cars traversing the main track in either direction will move 'the said frog-rail away.

In Fig. l the frog-railE will be moved away from the rail A by car-wheels moving in the direction ot' the arrow, and the same will be the case in Figs. 2, 4, and 5 when the cars move in the directions pointed out by the arrows in the respective views.

In Fig. 3 the two frog-rails must of necessity be moved away from the rail A by the cstr- Wheels, nomatter in what direction they may traverse.

The importance of these movements ot' the frog-rails hy the wheels of the cnrs will be readily understood by those familiar With the management of railroads, and who are aware of the accidents which frequently result from the Want of such salutury provisions.

I claim as my invention und desire to secure by Letters Patent- A frog rail or rails adapted to the main rails of it railroad and to those 0f a turnout, and operating substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing Witnesses.

PETER QUINN.

XVitnesses:

CHARLES E. Fos'rnn, JOHN WHITE.

US53673D Improved railway-frog Expired - Lifetime US53673A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070009935A1 (en) * 2005-05-13 2007-01-11 The General Hospital Corporation Arrangements, systems and methods capable of providing spectral-domain optical coherence reflectometry for a sensitive detection of chemical and biological sample
US20070121196A1 (en) * 2005-09-29 2007-05-31 The General Hospital Corporation Method and apparatus for method for viewing and analyzing of one or more biological samples with progressively increasing resolutions
US20070201033A1 (en) * 2006-02-24 2007-08-30 The General Hospital Corporation Methods and systems for performing angle-resolved fourier-domain optical coherence tomography
US20090027689A1 (en) * 2003-10-27 2009-01-29 The General Hospital Corporation Method and apparatus for performing optical imaging using frequency-domain interferometry

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090027689A1 (en) * 2003-10-27 2009-01-29 The General Hospital Corporation Method and apparatus for performing optical imaging using frequency-domain interferometry
US20070009935A1 (en) * 2005-05-13 2007-01-11 The General Hospital Corporation Arrangements, systems and methods capable of providing spectral-domain optical coherence reflectometry for a sensitive detection of chemical and biological sample
US20070121196A1 (en) * 2005-09-29 2007-05-31 The General Hospital Corporation Method and apparatus for method for viewing and analyzing of one or more biological samples with progressively increasing resolutions
US20070201033A1 (en) * 2006-02-24 2007-08-30 The General Hospital Corporation Methods and systems for performing angle-resolved fourier-domain optical coherence tomography

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