US531330A - Invalid-chair - Google Patents

Invalid-chair Download PDF

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US531330A
US531330A US531330DA US531330A US 531330 A US531330 A US 531330A US 531330D A US531330D A US 531330DA US 531330 A US531330 A US 531330A
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chair
ends
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/02Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs propelled by the patient or disabled person
    • A61G5/021Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs propelled by the patient or disabled person having particular propulsion mechanisms
    • A61G5/023Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs propelled by the patient or disabled person having particular propulsion mechanisms acting directly on hubs or axis

Description

(No Model.) 2 Shets-Sheet 1.

-S. A. POTTER. INVALID CHAIR.

- No. 531,330. Patented Dec. 25, 1894.

(No Model.) 2 Shets-Sheet 2.

.S. A. POTTER. INVALID CHAIR.

'Pateiited Dec. 25, 1894 ma NORRIS wzrsns co. morn-1.1mm, wAsmfic-Ton, a. c.

' STA E PATENT ()FFICE.

SARAH A. POTTERfOF HARPER, KANSAS.

INVALID-CHAIR.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 531,330, dated December 25,1894.

Application filed July 19, 1892. Serial No. 440,544. (No model.) I

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, SARAH A. POTTER, of Harper, Harper county, Kansas, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Invalid-Chairs, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings,

forming a part hereof.

My invention relates to chairs for invalids, and more particularly to portable or perambulating invalid-chairs, and the object of my invention is to produce a perambulating chair which shall be simple, strong, durable and inexpensive in construction, and also easy to propel.

T0 the above purpose my invention. con-' sists 1n certain peculiar and novel features of construction and arrangement, as will be hereinafter described and claimed.

In order that my invention may be fully uninvalid-chair embodying my invention; the dust-guards of the chair being removed. Fig.

2 is a side elevation of the same, but withthe near Wheel removed. Fig. 3 comprises, de-

tached perspective views of one of the leg supports orrests, and its two supporting arms. Fig. 4: is a detached plan view of one of the main carrying-wheels of the chair, and'a corv responding end of the carrying-axle and also ing one of the hinges for connecting the back 1 of the rear portion of one of the propellingshafts and the gearing between the carryingwheel and the shaft Fig. 5 is a detached perspective View of the removable head-rest of the chair. Fig. 6 is a detached view, in side elevation, of one of the dust-guards. Fig. 7 is adetached View, in side elevation, of the rear part of the seat-frame and the lower part of the back of the chair; said view show to the seat-frame. Fig. ,8 is a detached plan View of the back-frame of the chair, showing the sockets for the dowel-pins of the removable hea'd-rest.

In said drawings, 1 designates the'bot'tomframe of .thechair; this bottom-frame being of openrectangular form, and being designed to receive and support the seat-frame 2, and

' this seat frame being also ofcorrespondingly rectangular form and having a seat 3 which is of plaited cane, or any other suitable or preferred material. At each side, near its rear end, the bottom-frame 1 of the'chair is provided with a pendent block 4, which is suitably securedin position, and to the under sides of these two blocks are secured the upper parts of two elliptical springs 5; said springs being located beneath each side of the bottom frame, and being either of the precise structural type shown, or of any other suitable or preferred type. Each of these springs is secured at its lower portion, in customary manner to one of the end-portions of the carrying axle 5; this axle extending horizontally beneath the chair-bottom, and transversely thereof,"as shown. Upon the ends of this axle 5 are mounted the two main-carrying-wheels 6 of the chair, said carrying-wheels being arranged to turn upon the ends of the axle 5, and being each preferably provided on its outer side with a circular hand-rail 7,

I by grasping which the occupant of the chair can propel said chair, when he or she so desires. i

To the front of the bottom-frame 1, at opposite sides of the same, are, bolted or otherwise suitably secured, two pendent standards 8 which extend downward at the front of the chair, and within a short distance above the ground or fioor. standards 8 are extended horizontally forward so as to form two brackets 9,, the body portions of which extend horizontally parallel with each other, and the outer or front ends of whichare preferably extended upward and forward, as at 10. Upon the outer ends of these outwardly and upwardly'curved portions 10 are formed or suitably secured two Vertical sockets 11in which work the upper vertical ends of two forks 12; two caster- Wheels 13 being journaled in the lower ends of said forks, and said caster-Wheels serving to support the front end of the chair. Between the two brackets 9 is secured a footboard or platform lathe front portion 16 of which curves upward and forward coincidently with the curvatures of the ends 10' of the brackets 9.

17 designates the frame of the back of the chair this frame being also of oblong rectangular form, and being provided with a body- The lower ends of these precise type shown, or of any other suitable type which will permit the back-frame 17 to be moved backward and forward upon the bottom-frame. back-frame 17 is mounted a head-rest or support 20 which is of approximately oblong rectangular form, excepting that the top of, From the lower end of this head rest or support 20 depend four, or any other suitable or the the rest or support is of arched shape.

ferred number of dowel-pins 22, which enter removably into a corresponding number of sockets 23 in the top-bar of the back-frame. The arrangement is such that when the head rest or support 20 is in position,it is securely retained by the dowel-pins 22, and also such that the head rest or support may be removed bodily from the back-frame when desired.

70 designates the two arms of the chair, each of said arms being pivotally connected at its front end-portion to the upperend of the corresponding one of two standards 70 which rise from the front of the bottom-frame 1, at opposite sides of the same. The upper ends ofthe standards 7 0 are pivoted between two pendent lugs 7O which are secured to the under side of the front end of each arm 70. The rear end of each arm 70 is pivotally connected to the side of the back-frame 17 by the stud 61; these studs projecting outwardly from the plates 71, which are secured to opposite sides of the back frame'andnear its lower end.

In order to enable the rear ends of thearms 70 to be raised or lowered, a vertical series of openings 72 is formed in each side of the back-frame 17, and the plates 71, are adapted to be adjusted vertically, the screws or pins securing said plates being adapted to enter one or another of these openings 72, so that the rear ends of the arms may be raised or lowered as required. The front ends of the arms 70 are also arranged to be raised and lowered, and for this purpose the lower end of each standard 70 is formed with avertical series of holes 7 2 into one or another of which is inserted a pivot-pin 61, which also enters the front of the seat-frame.

In order to permit the required backward and forward adjustment of the back-frame 17 of the chair, a bar 62 is pivoted at its front end between two pendent lugs 63 which are secured to the under side of one of the arms 70. This arm is serrated on its upper edge to engage a pendent knife-edged stud 74 which is secured upon the correspondingside of the back-frame 17. A cam-wheel is journaled upon the stud 73 in the lower part of the corresponding side of theba'ck-frame 17, and directly beneath the rear endof the bar 62. This cam carries a handle 73,and it will be seen that after the back-frame 17 has been Upon the upper end of the adjusted as desired, the cam is turned by meansof its lever 73, so as to lift the bar 62 upward into engagement with the stud 7 1.

Across the front of the bottonrt'rame 1 extends a horizontal rod 24 the ends and middle of which extend through suitable loops or eyes 25. The end and middle portions of this rod are embraced by the upper hooked ends 26 of four supporting-rods 27 for the two leg rests or supports 28 of the chair. These leg rests or supports are each of oblong rect angular form, and the body-portions are composed of braided cane or other suitable rnaterial, and the frame of each support or rest is "composed of a horizontal top-bar and two vertical side-bars 29, The side-bars 29 are hollow or tubular bars, andthe supportingarms 27 extend into the side-bars 29 through the upper ends of the same. is inserted into the outer side of each outer bar 29, near the upper endthereof, and the inner ends of these set-screws impinge upon the outer sides of the outer supporting-arms 27. The arrangement is such that the leg rests orsupports 28 can be set higher up or lower down upon the supporting arms 27 so that the occupants feet shall rest properly upon the foot-rests, whether the occupants limbs be longer or shorter. b

31 designates the two foot-rests which are carried by the leg rests or supports 28, the foot-rests consisting each of a board of rootangular form the rear edge or margin of which is secured by two hinges 32 to the lower ends of the side-bars 29 of the leg-rest. Each of the foot-rests 31 extends forwardly and more or less upwardly, as desired, from the leg rest or support 28, and is retained in its required position by two rods or straps 33 which are pivotally connected at their lower ends, as at 34, to the outer rods of thesides of the foot-rests. The upper ends of the rods 33 are hooked so as to removably engage one or another of a number of pins or studs 35 which project outwardly from theside-bars 29, at the upper end-portions thereof. Th us it will be seen that the rods 33 support the foot-rests 31 eitherin horizontal position, or in suitably upwardly inclined position, as desired.

In order to enable the occupant of the chair to readily move the lower ends of the footrests farther outward, as desired, a segmental rack-bar 36 is pivotally connected at its lower end, tothe lower end of each one of the supporting-bars 27, the rack-teeth being formed on the outer side of the bars, and engaging a cross-bar 37 whichextends horizontally between two pendent standards 8 above described.

In order toadmit of the pivotal connection of the ends of the rack-bars 36 to the lower ends of the supports 27, each of said rests is formed at its outer side with a longitudinal slot 38 in which works a pivotpin 39which is inserted transversely through the outerend of the corresponding rack bar and a socket 27 formed in the lower end of A set-screw 3O each support 27. The inner or rear end of each rack-bar 36 is formed with a hook-like extension 40 to which is secured one end of a rope or cord 41, or an equivalent flexible connection. There are two of the flexible connections 41, one for each rack-bar36, and these flexible connections extend forwardly beneath a pulley 42 which is j ournaled in the lower ends of two brackets which are bolted or otherwise secured to the front part of the seat-frame 1, at the under side thereof. It is to be understood that there are two of these pulleys 42, one at each side of the middleof the front of the seat-frame, and it will be seen that when the occupant pulls upward upon either one of the flexible connections 41, the corresponding rack-bar 36 is disengaged from the bar 37, and the corresponding leg rest may be allowed to automatically swing downward and rearward, or may be moved pivotally outward and raised as desired. As soon 'as the pull upon the flexible connection is removed, the rack-bar 36 automatically re-engages the bar 37.

2 5 In order to provide means which shall enable the occupant of the chair to propel the same, I have provided the following attachments: 43 designates two horizontal shafts which are located at opposite sides of the 3 o chair, directly beneath the seat-frame and adjacent to the inner sides of the main carrying-wheels '6 thereof. Each of these shafts extendslongitudinally of the chair, from the main axle 5 forward nearly to the pendent 3 5 standards 8, and the rear end portion of each shaft is journaled in a bearing 44 which is formed at the outer end of a U-shaped bearing-bracket 45. This bracket is preferably formed by bending a single barat its middle,

0 so as to form thebearing 44, and then bringin g the two bod y-portions of the bar side by side, and rendering them of the described U -form. The opposite extremities of the bar are bent outward parallel with each other, so

45 as to form two arms 46 which embrace the end-portion of the axle 5 between them; a bolt 47 being passed vertically through the rear ends of the arms, 46, so as to retain said arms securely upon the end-portion of the I axle.

The front end-portions of the shafts 43 arejournaled in bearings 49 which are formed at the upper ends of two brackets 48; these brackets being of approximately L-form and secured at their outerends, each to the outer 5 5 side of one of thependent standards 8. At its rear end each shaft 43 carries a beveled gearpinion 49* the teeth of which mesh with a beveled geanpinion 50; the said gear-pinions 50 being rigidlysecured to the inner ends of the hubs of the carrying-wheels 6. At its front end each shaft 43 carries a beveled gearpinion 51 the teeth of which mesh with the teeth of a beveled gear-pinion 52. Each beveled gear-pinion 52 is carried by the lower.

end of a vertical actuating-shaft 53. There are two of these shafts 53, one at each side of the front end of the seat-frame 1, and the lower end-portion of each of said shafts works through a vertical bearing 54 which is formed at the outer end of a bracket 55; these two brackets being secured to the outer sides of the pendent standards 8, at a point about midway of the length of said standards. The upper end-portion of each shaft 53 is journaled in a vertical bearing 56 which is formed upon the upper end ofa bracket 57; the lower ends of said brackets being secured to the outer sides of the seat frame, and said brackets extending obliquely upward and forward from said frame. At their upper ends, the shafts 53 carry each a crank arm and handle 58; these handles being thus conveniently located for manipulation by the occupant of the chair. I

Fromthe foregoing construction it is apparent that the seat-frame may reciprocate vertically upon the springs 5, without in the least disturbing the power or propelling mechanism, as the bearings carried by the seatframe and the pen dent standards moveloosely upon the vertical shaft 53.

The chair is provided at each side with a dust-guard 59 which is of canvas, rubber or of any other suitable or preferred material,

and which is of approximately oblong rectangular form, so as to extend from the back of the chair outward at the front of the same.

While the dust-guards 59 have been described as of approximately oblong rectangular form, such is not precisely the preferred shape of the guards, the upper margin of the front end of each guard being of segmental form, and saidfront end of the guard projecting outwardly at the front of the chair. 'These dustguards are retained vremovably in position by the pivotal studs connecting the standards with the seat-frame, and the pivotal studs connecting the arms with the standards and the back, and the studs upon which the cams for operating the bars 62 are mounted, as shown. In order to adapt the chair to be propelled by an attendant, in cases where the occupant of the chair is incapable of propelling it, two side-standards58 are provided, the lower ends ofthese standards being suitably secured to the under side of the rear part of the bottom-frame 1. These standards 58 project upwardly and rearwardly and are connected together by a cross-bar 59 which is to be grasped by the hands of the attendant.

From the above description it will be seen thatI have produced an invalid-chair which is simple, strong, durable, and inexpensive in construction, and easy of propulsion.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new therein, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

In an invalid chair, the combination with a wheeled frame, springs carried thereby, gearpinions upon the axle of the frame, bearings carried by said axle, a seat-frame mounted upon said springs and provided with depending standards, horizontal and vertical bearingbrackets carried'thereby, horizontal shafts mounted in said horizontal bearing-brackets pinions at the front end of the horizontal and in the bearings carried by the axle, and shafts,ahinged back, and arm-rests pivotally provided at either end with gear-pinions, the carried by the seat-frame and said back, subrear ones meshing with the axle gear-pinions, stantaially as set forth.

5 bearing-brackets carried by the seat-frame Intestimony whereofIaifix mysignatnrein I 5 proper, vertical shafts jonrnaled therein and the presence of two Witnesses.

in the vertical bearing-brackets of the said SARAH A. POTTER. standards, and provided at their upper ends Witnesses: with crank-handles and at their lower ends YVILL C. SHUGART,

10 with gear-pinions which mesh with the gear JULIA A. MILLER.

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2690788A (en) * 1945-01-24 1954-10-05 Ames Butler Portable support
US2746527A (en) * 1953-06-23 1956-05-22 Gendron Wheel Company Leg supporting attachment for invalid chairs
US2777506A (en) * 1952-02-06 1957-01-15 Jay R Martin Chair with a collapsible footrest
US3422974A (en) * 1967-01-20 1969-01-21 William Mcminn Brubaker Fully mobile sit-on toy
US4391453A (en) * 1979-10-04 1983-07-05 Peg Perego-Pines Deutschland Gmbh Child stroller
US4523769A (en) * 1982-09-14 1985-06-18 Wright State University Wheelchair and drive system therefor
US4647066A (en) * 1985-09-09 1987-03-03 Walton Edward J Orthopedic chair
US5333887A (en) * 1993-11-16 1994-08-02 Joe Sharp Wheelchair/gurney
US20040212177A1 (en) * 2003-04-24 2004-10-28 Rehabilitation Institute Of Chicago Manually operable standing wheelchair
US20130154231A1 (en) * 2009-07-27 2013-06-20 Zriha Hlavin Industries Ltd. Wheelchair and a method for producing said wheelchair
US8777249B1 (en) 2007-04-11 2014-07-15 David Roman Hand motion wheelchair assembly

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2690788A (en) * 1945-01-24 1954-10-05 Ames Butler Portable support
US2777506A (en) * 1952-02-06 1957-01-15 Jay R Martin Chair with a collapsible footrest
US2746527A (en) * 1953-06-23 1956-05-22 Gendron Wheel Company Leg supporting attachment for invalid chairs
US3422974A (en) * 1967-01-20 1969-01-21 William Mcminn Brubaker Fully mobile sit-on toy
US4391453A (en) * 1979-10-04 1983-07-05 Peg Perego-Pines Deutschland Gmbh Child stroller
US4523769A (en) * 1982-09-14 1985-06-18 Wright State University Wheelchair and drive system therefor
US4647066A (en) * 1985-09-09 1987-03-03 Walton Edward J Orthopedic chair
US5333887A (en) * 1993-11-16 1994-08-02 Joe Sharp Wheelchair/gurney
US20040212177A1 (en) * 2003-04-24 2004-10-28 Rehabilitation Institute Of Chicago Manually operable standing wheelchair
US6976698B2 (en) 2003-04-24 2005-12-20 Rehabilitation Institute Of Chicago Manually operable standing wheelchair
US7165778B2 (en) 2003-04-24 2007-01-23 Rehabilitation Institute Of Chicago Manually operable standing wheelchair
US8777249B1 (en) 2007-04-11 2014-07-15 David Roman Hand motion wheelchair assembly
US20130154231A1 (en) * 2009-07-27 2013-06-20 Zriha Hlavin Industries Ltd. Wheelchair and a method for producing said wheelchair
US9259370B2 (en) * 2009-07-27 2016-02-16 Zriha Hlavin Industries Ltd. Wheelchair and a method for producing said wheelchair

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