US520912A - Fare-register - Google Patents

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US520912A US520912DA US520912A US 520912 A US520912 A US 520912A US 520912D A US520912D A US 520912DA US 520912 A US520912 A US 520912A
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    • A47G29/00Miscellaneous supports, holders, or containers for household use
    • A47G29/12Mail or newspaper receptacles, e.g. letter-boxes; Openings in doors or the like for delivering mail or newspapers
    • A47G29/1209Rural letter-boxes
    • A47G29/121Signalling devices
    • A47G29/1212Signalling devices comprising electrical parts


(No Model.) sheets-sheet 1.
No. 520,912. Patented June 5, 1894,
7% WIZESSES MAW mi nArloNAL LrrwoanArnlma COMPANY.
(No Model.) 4 Sheets-Sheet 2.
No. 520.912. Patented June 5,1894.
y (7% WHA/Essa?.
4 Sheets-Sheet; 3. F. C. BOYD '8v G. B. C-rURDING-4 PARE REGISTER.
Patented June 5, 189,4.-
(No Model.) 4 Sheets-Sheet 4.
I. C. BOYD 8v C. E|.,GURDI1\IG.l
No. 520,912. Patented June 5, 1894.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 520,912, dated J une 5, 1894.
Application filed April 20, 1893. Serial No. 471,1 62. (No model.)
To all whom t may concern:
Be it known that we, FREDERICK C. BOYD and CHARLES E. GUEDING, citizens of the United States, residing at New I-Iaven, in the county of New Haven and State of Connecticut, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Fare-Registers and we do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention relates to certain new and useful improvements in fare registers intended for use in street cars, omnibuses, and other public conveyances; and it consists substantially in such features of arrangement, construction, and combinations of parts as will be hereinafter more particularly described.
The invention is designed more particularly as an improvement upon the class of fare registers such as is described and shown in Letters Patent No. 479,388, granted to F. C. Boyd and Richard Martin, on the 19th day of July,
1892; and the object of the invention is to provide a machine or register of the character referred to which shall be simple in construction, compact in form and one in which the working parts shall most accurately perform their respective functions, substantially as will more fully hereinafter appear, when taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which Figure l, is an elevation of a fare register constructed and arranged in accordance with our invention, the said View indicating the appearance of the machine when placed in position for use or operation. Fig. 2, is a similar View showing our invention with the front of the inclosing boX or casing removed. Figs. 3 and 4, are opposite side elevations in part section taken respectively on the lines 3-3 and 4--4 of Fig. 2,respectively, and looking from opposite sides. Fig. 5 is a plan view representing the vertically operating slide or prime mover, and showing in connection therewith the bell striking mechanism and the link which connects the slide to the oscillating yoke. Fig. 6 is a detail sectional view of the mechanism for resetting the trip register to zero-taken on the line 6G Fig.
7, is a detail perspective view of the yoke and the pawls for rotating the trip register disks. Fig. 8, is a sectional detail View of one of the main or centrally disposed disks. Fig. 9, is an elevation representing the preferred bell striking mechanism. Fig. l0 is a detail View of the ratchet wheels 20, 2l, and 22.
In the present invention, we employ as the essential characteristics suitable means whereby the number of trips made by the conveyance, the number of fares collected on each trip, and the total number of fares collected in the aggregate trips will be properly registered and brought to visual inspection.
Also mechanism or devices whereby at each resetting of the trip register to zero, the zero register will be advanced one step simultaneously therewith; and in mechanism or devices whereby the trip register may be reset at will, causing thereby the zero register to advance one step without eecting the totalizing register.
Referring more particularly to the drawings by the numerals marked thereon, l, represents a box or casing having a front or cover 2, provided with sight slots or openings 3, 4, and 5, through which the numbers indicated by the zero, the trip, and the totalizing registers respectively may be viewed from without. The register is connected to a supporting board or back 6 by means of lugs projecting from the casing and provided with slots 7L which engage headed studs 8 on the supporting board see Figs. l and 2. One of said studs is headless, as seen at 8, and is provided with an opening through which is inserted a wedge-shaped key 9, throughthe smaller end of which a suitable lock 9a is secured. Other forms of locking device could be employed if desired, but the form shown is such as has been found preferable. This manner of attaching the inclosing case to the back or board renders the same easily removed whenever it may be necessary for repairing, cleaning, or any other purpose.
10 indicates a base plate having projecting outwardly therefrom toward the front of the register suitable brackets 11, which comprise IOO 12 designates a vertically operating slide which constitutes the prime mover of the machine, the said slide moving upon the base plate 10 in opposition to a spring 13 (see dotted lines Fig. 3) connected at one end to the rear, of the base plate 10, and having its other end fastened to a lug 14, projecting from the back of the slide and passing through a slot 15 in said plate. The slot extends in a vertical direction and serves to guide the slide 12, and to limit the movement thereof; and the movement of said slide is effected by means of cords 16 attached to the upper end thereof and passing over pulleys 17 journaled in the base plate, and thence passing to different points in the conveyance within convenient reach of the operator.
As in the former patent referred to, we journal in the brackets l1, 11, ashaft 1S, upon which shaft the disks 19 of the trip register are loosely mounted, as shown in Figs. 1, 3 and 4 of the drawings. Any number of these disks may be employed, but preferably we use three, and arranged upon their perimeters or rims, in order of their numeric value, are digits lwhich range from Oto the number 9, which numerical characters are caused to be presented to view through the sight slots 4, as wi'llhereinafter more fully appear. In the present instance, the disks 19 differ in their construction from the disks of the former patent referred to, in that instead of employing disks of solid material throughout their body, we employ a simple flat circular disk 19 having a continuous surrounding rim 19b projecting from one side only and on which the numerical characters are, (see Figs. 4 and 8,) this form rendering the machine much lighter as a whole, and also securing the working of certain parts hereinafter referred to with better precision. By virtue of having the disks 19 cup-shaped, the attachment and workin g of the ratchet wheels are facilitated, and the dogs 34 hereinafter referred to are so bent inward toward their ends as to be partially inclosed by the annular flange or rim projecting from the opposite face thereof permitting the disks 19 to be disposed closer together. Each of said disks 19 is provided on its left hand face with a ten-toothed ratchet wheel, which wheels differ from each other, as will be explained. The wheel 21 on the second or central disk 19 (which represents the tens disk) has a space 24 (see dotted lines Figs. 3 and 10) between two of its teeth coincident with the numeral O, on its disk, a little deeper than the corresponding space 25 on the wheel 22 on the hundreds or third disk; and the space 23 coinciding with the O character on the units or primary disk, is formed a little deeper than that of the corresponding space in the ratchet wheel 21.
The numeral 26 represents a yoke having its ends journaled on the shaft 18, as shown, and connected with the slide 12 by means of a link 27 The said yoke is normally disposed atan angle to the slide 12 opposed to the direction of its movement. A shaft 23 is journaled between the sides of the yoke, upon which shaft are rigidly secured three pawls 29, 30, and 31, having hooks of different lengths for engaging respectively the ratchet wheels 20, 2l, and 22 of the disks 19. These pawls are held in their normal positions by a spring 32, see Fig. 7. As will be observed, the said pawls are disposed in such position as to rotate the trip register disks on the upward stroke of the slide 12 instead of on its downward stroke, as in the former patent referred to.
Taking the parts as they have thus far been explained, it will appear that whenever the cord 16 is pulled upon with sufficient strength, the slide 12 will be raised,and this movement of the slide will cause the yoke 26 to be rocked on shaft 18, thereby causing the pawl 29, which has the longest hook and is at this time in engagement with a tooth of the ratchet wheel 20, to move one step forward turningits disk correspondingly. Vthen the cord is released and the slide 12 is returned to its lower position by the spring 13, the pawl slides forward and engages the next succeeding tooth of the ratchet Wheel. When the operation has been repeated nine times, the deep notch or space 23 on the primaryor units wheel is brought forward of the hook of the pawl 29 and consequently when the slide again turns the disk a step and then moves backward its hook enters the deep notch 23, so that the hook of the second pawl 30 can simultaneously engage one of the teeth of the ratchet wheel 21 and thus both the rst and second disks are rotated each one step. This movement, however, carries the deep notch 23 on the ratchet wheel 20, away from the hook of the pawl 29, and then the pawl 30 cannot engage the other teeth of its ratchet, except once during every complete rotation of the ratchet Wheel 20. At the ninety-ninth rotation of the ratchet wheel 20, and the ninth rotation of the ratchet Wheel 21, the deep notches 24 and 23 are simultaneously brought opposite the hooks of the pawls 29 and 30, thus permitting at the next movement the pawl 3l to engage the ratchet wheel 22 and move it one step, at the completion of which the deep notches in the ratchet wheels 20 and 21 are carried out of conjunction, and therefore the ratchet wheel 21 is permitted to move only one step to each ten of the wheel 20, and the ratchet wheel 22 to move one step to each ten of the wheel 21.
33 designates a rock shaft which has its bearings in the brackets 11, and projecting from which are three hooked dogs 34, the outer one of which, see Fig. 3, is arranged substantially at right angles to a downwardly extending arm 35 from the rock shaft. These dogs 34 are designed to engage successivelya series of pins 36 (see Figs. 2, 3, and 4) arranged on one side of each of the ratchet wheels 20, 21, and 22 at equal distances apart, the object of such engagement being to limit IOO the forward movement of the disks 19 each time the same are moved by the action of the slide. The said rock shaft 33 is provided with a coil spring 37 which has a tendency to throw the dogs 34 see Figs. 2 and 3 into engagement with said pins 36 when the yoke 26 is moved upward, the movement of which, however, is limited by the arm 35, which rests normally against the shaft 28. The shaft acts as a mover upon said arm, when said shaft is lowered at each downward movement of the yoke 26 to lift the dogs 34, and consequently when the shaft 28 moves upward,the dogs fall and each engages one of the pins 36, or a ratchet wheel maybe usedinstead of the series of pins.
38 represents springs, one for each of the ratchet wheels referred to, which springs are bent or shaped at the portions 38, so as to engage the notches of the ratchets, and thus serve as detents for preventing accidental displacement of the wheels from jarring or otherwise. These springs'are secured at their lower ends to a bend 38 extending across the machine and fastened in any suitable manner to the supporting bracket 11.
The shaft 18 hereinbefore referred to is provided with shoulders 39, one for each disk 19, which shoulders are engaged by pawls 40 pivoted one to the side of each of the ratchet wheels 20, 21, and 22, and pressed into engagement with the shoulders 39 by springs 40% tate in one direction independent of the shaft 18, but prevent said shaft from rotating in the opposite direction independent of the disks.
The outer end of the shaft 18 is formed or provided with a disk 8O see Fig. 6 and a spring, 46 bears on this disk and has a collar 42 secured to aknob or handle 4l in such manner as to rotate the shaft 18 when the knob 41 is rotated. Fixed also upon said shaft is a cam 43 (see Figs. 4 and 6) having a curved edge 43 and a straight portion or edge 43b the purpose of all of which will be presently described. Secured to the inner end of the knob or handle and extending parallel to the shaft 18 is a pin 44 held normally into engagement with an opening 45 in the cam 43, and a similar opening 45fL in the adjacent bracket 1l, by means of said spring 46 on the shaft 18, whenever such openings are in alignment, thus locking the shaft against rotation.
W'hen it is desired to turn the trip register disks to zero, the knob 41 is pulled outward, withdrawing the pin 44 from engagement with the bracket 1l. The knob is then turned in the opposite direction to that in which the disks 19 rotate in operation, throwing the pawls 40 successively into engagement with the shoulders 39. Vhen these pawls are all in engagement with their respective shoulders the ciphers on the peripheries of the disks 19 will all be in alignment. The disks are then rotated by turning the knob 41 until the ciphers appear at the right slots 4.
Above the trip register disks is the zero register, which registers the number of trips These devices permit the disks 19 to ro-l 'a ten-toothed ratchet wheel 62.
and provided on its face alternately with words indicating the two directions in which the conveyance moves, as for instance up and down, these words being repeated corresponding in number to the numerals on the units disk.
50 is a shaft supporting the zero register disks 47 and 48 and the trip indicator 49 and is journaled transversely in the brackets 11, upon the end of which shaft is secured a tentoothed ratchet wheel 51, held against accidental movement by a detent spring 52.
53 is an arm journaled on the shaft 50, and carrying a pawl 54 thereon, engaging the ratchet wheel 51. Secured to the one end of the arm 53 is asecond arm 55 arranged at approximately right angles thereto and held in its normal position by a spring 56. This arm is acted upon bythe cam 43, designed to be rotated in the direction indicated by the arrow on Fig. 4, every time the trip register disks are reset. This action moves the arms 55 and 53, and through the pawl 54 secured on the arm 53 and engaging the ratchet-wheel 51, causes the zero register to be rotated one step at each resetting of the trip register disks, simultaneously therewith.
The units digit wheel 47 of the zero register is provided on its side with a pin 47 which engages at each rotation of the units disk a tooth of a ten-toothed star wheel 57, moving it together with a pinion 58 one step. The star wheel 57 and pinion 58 are ymounted upon a transverse shaft 57 arranged below and parallel to the shaft 50. The pinion 58 meshes with a toothed wheel 59 secured to the tens digit wheel 48 and mounted on the shaft 50, and consequently the second or tens digit wheel is moved one step through the gears 57, 58, and 59 at each rotation of the units digit wheel 47. The shaft 57a is formed at one end for the reception of a key by means of which the zero register may be reset to Zero, should it be desirable to do so before it has registered to its full capacity.
The totalizing register is arranged below the trip register and consists of a series of digit wheels, which register the total number of fares collected, and which are not aifected by the resetting of the trip register or zero disks. These wheels 60 are supported loosely on a shaft 6l journaled transversely in the bracket 11, the units wheel of which carries This ratchet wheel is actuated one tooth at each movement of the trip register disks, by means of a lever 63, having its outer end supported upon the shaft 6l and which carries a pawl 64, engaging and actuating the ratchet wheel IIO 62. The inner end of this lever is connected by an arm 65 to the yoke 26. From the side of the units wheel opposite that which carries the ratchet wheel is a projecting pin 66, projecting so as to make contact with the teeth of a ten-toothed star wheel 67, loosely journaled on a shaft 68 supported in the brackets 11, adjacent to and parallel with the shaft 61. Secured to said star wheel, and moving with it, is a gear wheel 69, meshing with a similar wheel 70 on the tens digit wheel, thus it is obvious that each complete rotation of the units wheel will cause the tens wheel to rotate one-tenth of a rotation. By a duplication of this mechanism the remaining wheels of the series are operated at proper intervals to register accurately the total number of fares collected.
At each registration of a fare, a bell 7l is caused to ring. This is effected ,(see Figs. 3, 4, and 5) by means of a click or clip 72 pivoted on the slide 12 and held normally against a lug 73 by a spring 74.
75 is a right-angled lever pivoted at its upper end to the base plate 10, and carrying the bell-hammer 75a on one end. This lever has an inclined inner side which lies across the path of movementof the clip 72. As the slide 12 is moved upward the clip forces the lever 75 outward until the end of the said clip passes a shoulder 81, when the bell-hammer is thrown suddenly against the bell by the action of a spring 7G secured to the upper end of the lever 75.
To effect the full movement of the slide 12 it is provided on one side with a series of depressions 77, engaged by a spring actuated pawl 78, normally held at right angles to the slide by a spring 82, and designed to be moved in either direction. The upper and the lower depressions 77 are longer and deeper than the rest, and consequently when the pawl 78 engages either one of these depressions, which are too large to permit it to lock therein, it will be turned in the proper direction to drag freely over the remaining depressions at the next movement of the slide. In order that the slide may pass the pawl it turns slightly in the direction of the movement of the slide and drags over the depressions 77, but if the slide be moved only partially through its full movement, the pawl will lock in one of the depressions and prevent the return of the slide. After the slide has been moved through its full movement, however, the pawl engages the deep depressions and is permitted to be returned by its spring to its normal position, and upon the return movement of the slide drags freely over the depressions. As a preferred form of sounding or bell-striking mechanism, however, we resort to the construction shown in Fig. 9, wherein the slide is formed with notches or depressions 77, in like manner as in the other construction explained; and the bell-striking lever 75 is pivoted at its upper end, as before, and having its inner edge beveled or inclined,like the lever 75 described before. The slide in this instance, is provided with a pivoted click s, having a wire or spring tail s slightly turned over or bent at the end to take into the notches or depressions 77, as will be explained.
As shown in full lines, the parts are in the positions they occupy when at rest, while the dotted lines indicate the slide partially returned to its original position after having been raised or elevated partially, the operation or movement of the click being also represented. The said click is restored to its proper position after the bell hammer has been operated, by means of a stationary arm to secured to the base plate 10 of the register. When at rest, the click s rests upon a stop o also formed with or attached to the slide. In this construction, whenever the slide is raised, the click will bear against the inclined edge of the hammer and throw the latter outwardly until the shoulder 81 is passed whereupon the hammer will fall against the bell and cause the same to ring. When the slide is released and begins to return, the click will be engaged on its under side by the shoulder 81, throwing the click to an upward position, thereby carrying its tail downwardly. As the slide continues to move downwardly, the tail of the click will come into contact with the arm u, and the said click be thereby thrown back to the position it occupied upon the stop QJ before the slide was moved upward. In the working or operation of the click, the end of its tail engages the notches or depressions 77, as in the manner of the ordinary click. The arrangement is such as that the slide is required to be moved a full stroke before the` bell will be struck or sounded.
Without limiting ourselves to the precise construction and arrangement of parts shown and described, we claim- V 1. In a fare register, the ratchet wheels secured to the side of the trip register disks, each provided on one of its sides with pins, means for turning the said wheels and disks, the dogs 34 for engaging the pins on the disk, the rock-shaft by which the dogs are carried, the depending arm 35, and a reciprocating device for engaging said arm, substantially as described.
2. In a farey register, the combination of the rock-shaft 33, its dogs 35, the trip register disks and means for operating the same, the ratchet wheels provided with projections or pins, and means for raising and lowering the arm 35 to throw said dogs into and out of engagement with said pins substantially as described.
3. In a fare register, the combination of the shafts 28 and 33, the disks 19 and their attached wheels, the pawls engaging said wheels, the dogs engaging pins or teeth, the depending arm 35 engaging the shaft 28, and the spring for rocking the shaft 33, substantially as described.
4. The combination of the disks 47 and 48,
a drum attached to and moving with the former, the shaft supporting said disk having upon one of its ends a ten-toothed ,ratchet wheel, the arm 53 journaled on said shaft and carrying a spring-pressed pawl, the pendent arm 55, and its spring, the cam 43 acting upon said pendent arm, and means for turning said cam, substantially as described.
5. The combination with the trip register and zero register disks, of a cam 43, means for moving said cam together with the trip disks to carry the latter to zero, an arm arranged to be operated by'said cam and connected to move the zero register disks step by step, substantially as described.
6. The combination of a bell hammer inclined on its inner edge and having the shoulder 8l, the click pivoted to the slide, and the arm for restoring the click on the return movement of the slide, substantially as described.
` 7. In a fare register, the combination of the shaft 18 the cam 43 secured on said shaft and provided with a hole, a sliding knob carrying a pin adapted to the hole in the cam, a zero register and devices for actuating the Zero register adapted to be acted upon by the cam, substantially as described.
S. Ina fare register, the combination of the frame, the trip register disks and their shaft, a cam secured on said shaft having a hole therein aligning with a similar hole in the frame, a sliding knob carryinga pin adapted to the holes in the cam and frame, a zero register and devices for actuating lthe zero register, adapted to be acted upon by the cam, substantially as described.
9. In a fare register, the combination of the v rock-shaft 33, the dogs secured thereon, the
trip register disks and means for operating the same, the ratchet wheels secured to the sides of said disks and provided on one of their sides with projections or pins, the depending arm and devices acting on said arm for raising and loweringit, substantially as described.
10. In afare register, the combination of the trip register disks and their shaft, the ratchet wheels secured to the sides of said disks and provided on one of their sides with projections or pins, the yoke journaled on the disk shaft, the movable slide connected to the yoke and the pawls pivoted in said yoke and adapted to engage the ratchet wheels on the trip register disks, the dogs and intermediate devices between the dogs and shaft 28, substantially as described.
In testimony whereof we have signed our names to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
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