US511494A - Broom-corn-sizing machine - Google Patents

Broom-corn-sizing machine Download PDF


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US511494A US511494DA US511494A US 511494 A US511494 A US 511494A US 511494D A US511494D A US 511494DA US 511494 A US511494 A US 511494A
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    • A46D9/00Machines for finishing brushes


(No Model.)



Patented Dec. 26, 1893.



SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 511,494, dated December 26, 1893.

Application filed May 10, 1392.

Serial No. 432,270. (No model.) I

a full, clear, and exact description of the in-- vention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being bad to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters and figures of reference marked thereon, which form a partof this specification.

My invention relates to a new and useful improvement in broom corn sizing machines,

and consists inthe combination and arrange-v ment of the several parts whereby corn of different lengths may be sized and assorted, and also in providing means for catching the assorted corn and placing it parallel before precipitating it into the compartment or receptacle. These objects I attain by the construction illustrated in the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification whereln like letters of reference refer to like",

parts wherever they occur, and in which Figure 1 is a side elevation of the device.

frame mounted thereon and held parallel therewith by standards or supports a.

B indicates a table at the feed end of the machine upon which the corn to be assorted is placed, and from which the same is-fed to the belts. I c

G indicates a shaft mounted on the supplemental frame A at the opposite end of the machine, said shaft being provided with a drive pulley O at one end and a spurwheel (J at its opposite end.

Mounted in bearings d on the frame A are shafts D, D D and D, which support pairs of grooved pulleys E, the inner pulley of each pair being in alignment with the other pulleyin the adjacent'pair, said aligned pulleys being connected by belts or cords, 1, 2-, 3,4, and 5.

Mounted in bearings g on the frame-A are shafts G, G G3 and G which support pairs of grooved pulleys H, which pulleys are similar to and immediately beneath the pulleys E v of the upper series, and are connected by cords or belts l, 2', 3, 4' and 5' which impinge against the belts 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5.

E indicateguards interposed between the respective aligned pulleys and belts of the upper series, said guards being retained in position by supports e secured to the frame A. guards to'fit the periphery of the pulleys- I'prefer to concave the ends of the- The functions of these guards are to prevent thespears of corn from becoming entangled in the moving belts and also to act as weights and holdthe belts of the upper series in constant contact with those of the lower series.

I indicates a spur wheel mounted on the shaft G5 and meshing withthe spur wheel (1 through the medium of which motion is imparted to the lower series of bolts. 7

J indicates a belt passing over pulleys j and j on the shafts Gland D respectively the function of which being-to exert its weight against the corn a little distance from the butt and force the same downward into the receptacle, thus preventing the suspension of the stalks of different lengths by reason of entanglement of thespears after the same is released by the belts.

K indicates an endless carrier belt passing over pulleys It and it on the shafts G and G L indicate idlers or trolleys mounted on the frame A intermediate the pull'eys It andlc I which support the beltK and holds the same out of the way of the butt of. the corn as it drops into the receptacles. M indicates the butt evener or shears mountedon the frame A near the feed end of the machine, which consists of a stationary blade or cutting edge m upon which the butts of the corn are carried by the carrier belt, and area volving cutterblade or blades m mounted to. i

one side thereof which receives motion from a cross belt m driven from a pulley on the end of the shaft G. I ,N indicates the bin or receptacle for the assorted corn which is divided into compartments 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, said compartments being provided'with upper inclined walls, to the lower face of which is hinged flaps of lids O which are connected by a rod P having one end secured to a spring Q, which spring tends to return the flaps to a closed position.

The guards E are secured to the end of supports 6 said supports being preferably formed of spring wire as shown in Fig. 2, of varying lengths, and fastened rigidly at their outer ends to the frame A; thus providing for a limited vertical movement of the guards which latter performs the double function of confining the straw within given bounds, and maintaining a tension upon the belts upon the under side of which they'rest.

The operation may be described as follows:-

The corn is fed on the table and gradually fed to the machine, the belts 1 and 1"grasping the spear and the carrier belt supporting and carrying the butts, which are brought in contact with and evened up by the shears M. After being evened up, the corn if carried from belts 1 and 1 to belts 2 and 2', &:c.,until being of a length insuflicient to be grasped by the belts, it fallsof its own gravity on one of the flaps 0 where it remains until dumped into the compartment when the rod P is pulled. The belt J bears against the stalk a little distance from the butt and has a tendency to force the spears downward by ex.- erting a pressure by reason of its sag. It is obvious that stalks of a length sufiicient to carry them the whole length of the machine will drop into compartment 10 where it is un necessary to use a flap 0. l

Having thus described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure" by Letters Patent, is

In a broom corn sizi ng machine, the combination with the main frame, of a supplemental frame mounted thereon; suitable shafts jou rnaled therein substantially as illustrated anddescribed; the pulleys arranged in pairs so that the inner one of each pair shall be in alignment with theouter one of the adjacent pair; the means substantially as shown and'described for actuating said pulleys ata prescribed speed; and the series of bins, the whole co-operating as, and for the purpose, specified.

In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in presence of two witnesses.

a MONROE BASSETT. Witnesses:



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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5222586A (en) * 1992-04-09 1993-06-29 Sandvik Process Systems, Inc. Methods and apparatus for conveying packages in a manner minimizing jams

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5222586A (en) * 1992-04-09 1993-06-29 Sandvik Process Systems, Inc. Methods and apparatus for conveying packages in a manner minimizing jams

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