US508386A - hayworth - Google Patents

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US508386A
US508386A US508386DA US508386A US 508386 A US508386 A US 508386A US 508386D A US508386D A US 508386DA US 508386 A US508386 A US 508386A
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plane
plate
cap
catches
base
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27GACCESSORY MACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR WORKING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS; TOOLS FOR WORKING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS; SAFETY DEVICES FOR WOOD WORKING MACHINES OR TOOLS
    • B27G17/00Manually-operated tools
    • B27G17/02Hand planes

Description

(No Model.) K 2 Sheets-Sheet l.
O R. HAYWORTI-I. PLANE.
No. 508,386. Patented Nv. 7, 1893.
L bfi/f" C d E INC" l i5 d a l ,I 1I
il u" l: '.nlllllliilnnu ni l., s l [1" WIZJVESSE'S {'No Model.) v .n 2 Sheets-Sheet 2'.
O. R. H'AYWORTH. n
' PLANE.
No. 508,886. Patented Nov. 7, 1893.
I i] .l lminggruul VIII [WEA/'202 Mauren STAT-Es .ATENT Fries.
OLIVER R. HAYWORTH, OF TARKIO, MISSOURI, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO AMON A. CURFMAN, OF SAME PLACE.
PLANE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of. Letters Patent No. 508,386, dated November '7, 1893.
pplication iiled May 18, 1893. Serial No. 474,692. (No model.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, OLIVER R. HAYWORTH, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at Tarkio, in the county of Atchison and State of Missouri, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Planes; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
This invention relates to improvements in f bench-planes; and it consists in the particular construction and combination of the parts, as will be hereinafter fully set forth, and pointed out in the claims.
Inthe accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification, Figure l is a side view of the plane, partly in section. Fig. 2 is a plan view. Fig. 3 is a rear elevation of the part of the plane against which the bit rests. Fig. 4 is a front elevation of Fig. 3. Fig. 5 is a detail perspective View of the front `portion of the plane with the cover of theV pivoted holding cap removed; and Fig. 6 is a sectional view through'the line -x of Fig. 3.
A designates the base or bed-piece of the plane, which is preferably made oi' Wood, the side edges thereof being cut away, as shown at c, to receive the metallic side pieces B which are secured to said base by the screws or bolts b. The base is slotted in the usual 'manner for the passage of the bit, and it is also recessed in its upper surface to receive the frames which adjust and hold the bit.
C designates a knob-plate, which is apertured near its forward end for the passage of the screw which secures the front knob c to the base. In rear of the aperture for the knob the plate is slotted for the passage of a setscrew or bolt c', and to the rear end of the knob-plate is pivoted the holding cap D the rear face of which is adapted to bear upon the cap-plate of the bit. The lower end of the pivoted holding cap is cut away to allow a free passage of the shavings, and the inner sides of the connecting arms d cl are beveled,
as shown. atd, so that the shavings will bev guided toward the center of the plane. The
`pivoted holding cap is made in tw.) parts, one
part constituting the main frame and the other a covering plate, D', which covering.
plate retains in place spring-actuated arms E E which have at their lower ends project-y ing catches which engage with notches or recesses in the side pieces B B of the plane so; as to retain the pivoted holding cap in proper position.
Above the catches ee the arms are provided with projections e', which extend through the side pieces of the pivoted holding cap and provide means for retracting the catches, said catches being normally projected by meansof a flat spring e2 which is positioned as shown in Fig. 5. The upper ends of the arms are rounded as shown to provide bearing surfaces or pivots.
It will be seen that by the construction hereinbefore described the knob-plate can be.
below the lever project lugs II H in which is seated an adjusting screw having a head of ordinary construction. The central portion of the adjusting screw is threaded and engages with a threaded aperture in a block I pivoted within the rear end of the adjusting lever, said rear end being bifurcated to receive the block. By this construction I am enabled to provide rigid bearings for the adj usting screw and position the same so that j it will be on a line with the front bearing surface of the frog F. y The block I is slotted for the passage of the pivot-pin.
The frog is provided with a transverse recess in which is secured a [iat spring f, the free ends of which bear upon'the rear surface of the-bit, and above this spring the frog is provided with another transverse recess for the reception of a plate g having outturned ends which engage with the sides of the planebit, the rear side of the frog being recessed to receive a lever K which is pivotally at tached to the plate g and toa stud or projection on the frog, the recess for the lever opening into the recess in which the plate slides. The lower end of the lever K is bifurcated to embrace the stud or projection. The bit and cap-plate therefor are of substantially ordinary construction and are connected to each other by the screw L, and above the screw the cap-plate has a recessed lug, M,
'the plane-stock it can be readily accomplished 'by simply pressing upon the projections e e of the arms E E, which will retract the catches and permit the holding cap to be swung upon its pivot.
I am aware that prior to my invention it has been proposed to provide a benchplane with means for vertically and laterally adjusting the bit, and I do not therefore claim such construction broadly; but
What I do claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
l. A bench plane comprising a wooden base having longitudinal side recesses, a transverse aperture of less width than the base through which the bit passes and recesses in front and rear of said transverse aperture, metallic side pieces secured to the base so as to lie partially `in the longitudinal side recesses thereof, a knob-plate secured to the base so as to be located partially in the recess in front of the transverse aperture, a seat or frog attached to the base and metallic side pieces, the lower portion thereof lyingin therecess in rearof the transverse aperture, and a holding cap pivoted to the rear end of the knob-plate, the
parts being organized and combined substantially as shown, and for the purpose set forth.
2. In a plane, the combination, of a frog rigidly attached to the base and side pieces thereof, a cap-plate pivoted to the base of the frame and connected thereto so as to be adj ustable longitudinally thereon, said cap-plate having catches which engage with recesses in the side pieces of the frame, for the purpose set forth.
3. In combination with a plane, the side pieces thereof having recesses on their inner sides, a holding cap which is pivotally secured 'to the base of the plane, said cap carrying spring-actuated catches which are adapted to engage with the recesses in the side pieces, for the purpose set forth.
4. In combination with a plane, a movable plate having pivoted theretoacap-piece,said cap-piece having forwardly projecting portions the sides of which are cut away above the opening through which the bit passes, and catches for holding the cap-piece in engagement with the side pieces of the plane, substantially as shown.
5. In combination with a plane, an adjust able plate C, a holding cap having forwardly and downwardly extending portions pivotally attached to the adjustable plate, catches carried by the holding plate and adapted to engage with recesses in the sides of the plane, substantially as shown, and for the purpose set forth.
6. In a plane, the combination, of the pivoted holding cap the upper portion of which is recessed for the reception of arms having at their lower ends outwardly projecting catches and intermediate projections e e' to provide for retracting the catches, together with a spring for projecting the arms, substantially as shown, and for the purpose set forth.
In testimony whereof l atix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
OLIVER R. HAY WORTH.
Witnessesz A. L. GRAY, C. R. BARRow.
US508386D hayworth Expired - Lifetime US508386A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4015649A (en) * 1974-10-29 1977-04-05 Stanley Tools Limited Wood planes
US20090169571A1 (en) * 2003-03-26 2009-07-02 Multicell Immunotherapeutics, Inc. Selected ma motifs to include cell death and/or apoptosis

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4015649A (en) * 1974-10-29 1977-04-05 Stanley Tools Limited Wood planes
US20090169571A1 (en) * 2003-03-26 2009-07-02 Multicell Immunotherapeutics, Inc. Selected ma motifs to include cell death and/or apoptosis

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