US503929A - Method of producing aluminum - Google Patents

Method of producing aluminum Download PDF

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US503929A
US503929A US503929DA US503929A US 503929 A US503929 A US 503929A US 503929D A US503929D A US 503929DA US 503929 A US503929 A US 503929A
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aluminum
anode
vessel
bath
producing aluminum
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25CPROCESSES FOR THE ELECTROLYTIC PRODUCTION, RECOVERY OR REFINING OF METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25C3/00Electrolytic production, recovery or refining of metals by electrolysis of melts
    • C25C3/06Electrolytic production, recovery or refining of metals by electrolysis of melts of aluminium

Description

(No Model.)
- J. B. HALL.
METHOD OF PRODUCING ALUMINUM. No. 503,929. Patented Aug. 22, 18'93 H N 'i 'si :i iiml ,l.
UNIT D STATES PATENT OFFICE,
JOSEPH B. HALL, OF WHEELING, WEST VIRGINIA.
METHOD OF PRODUCING ALUMINUM.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 503,929, dated August 22, 1893.
Application filed August 6, 1892- Serial No. 442,304.. (No specimens.)
To aZZ whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, JOSEPH B. HALL, a citizen of the United States, residing at WVheeling, in the county of Ohio and State of West Virginia, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Methods of Producing Aluminum; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled .in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
The object of this invention is to provide means more satisfactory than any heretofore in use for producing aluminum from aluminous earths. To this end aluminous earth is treated with sulphuric acid which combines with the aluminum forming a hydrated aluminum sulphate. heat and yields aluminum oxide, which in turn is reduced by electrolysis, the bath employed being formed by fusing together aluminum chloride, sodium chloride and lithium chloride, and the aluminum oxide being preferably supplied by the constant decomposition of an anode of which the oxide is a constituent.
In the drawings,-Figure 1 is an elevation, partly in section, of apparatus that I have employed in the practical use of the invention. Fig. 2 is a like view of the lower part of the apparatus slightly modified as is hereinafter explained.
In Fig. 1 A is a suitable frame in which is mounted a vessel, or electrolytic cell, B, preferably composed of carbon or of carbon and alumina. For strength, the vessel is preferably inclosed in an iron envelope 0, both frame and envelope resting upon a suitable non-conducting base. The vessel is provided with an outlet D near the bottom, and above the vessel the frame bears a holder F (without novelty herein claimed) from which a large anode E depends in the axis of the vessel. This anode is formed from carbon and aluminic oxide intimately mixed and is adjusted in vertical position by suitable devices,-shown in this illustration as a nut I Working against the top ofthe frame upon a rod supporting said holder. The anode and The latter is decomposed'by the vessel B, or its envelope, are connected,
rides of aluminum, sodium and lithium. Now
if the parts be properly adjusted, the passage of the electric current decomposes the anode and the alumina therein is released and diffused throughout the bath and then reduced and the metal appears at the negative electrode. At the same time the oxygen collects at the positive electrode where it combines with the carbon setting free more of the aluminic oxide. The reduced metal being of greater specific gravity than the bath collects at the bottom of the vessel and maybe drawn off through the outlet shown or maybe dipped from the vessel by the use of a ladle of nonfusing material. The whole operation is antomatic if proper means be employed to regulate the position of 'the anode, and it is only necessary to renew the anode from time to time as it is consumed and to restore in the bath such loss as may have arisen from volatilization, or from other causes. cient quantityof alumina in the bath increases resistance and carbonous oxide appears and burns at the anode but if the quantity be sufficient, the gas liberated is carbonic anhydride.
While I have found it more satisfactory to difiuse finely divided alumina through the bath by making it a constituent of the anode, since it seems to pass automatically to all parts of the bath and maintain a uniform resistance to the current-,I have obtained tolerably satisfactory results when omitting the alumina from the anode, in which case the alumina was added and stirred into the bath mechanically, either continuously or at in-..
bronze a mass of copper is placed in the bottom of the vessel, as suggested at X, Fig. 1. Now under the conditions existing when the aluminum oxide is reduced, the metal falling to the bottom of the vessel unites with tlie of aluminum chloride, sodium chloride and molten copper. The process as before is conlithium chloride. I tinuous, it being only necessary to remove In testimony WhereofIaEfix my signature in the bronze and to keep up the supply of coppresence of two witnesses.
5 per, in addition to the steps before mentioned. JOSEPH B. HALL.
What I claim is- Witnesses: For the electrolytic production of aluminum WALLACE GREENE,
from its compounds, a fused bath composed J. WM. HENRY.
US503929D Method of producing aluminum Expired - Lifetime US503929A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2487770A (en) * 1946-02-11 1949-11-08 Cons Mining & Smelting Co Electric furnace
US2919234A (en) * 1956-10-03 1959-12-29 Timax Associates Electrolytic production of aluminum
US2980596A (en) * 1956-12-27 1961-04-18 George E Conway Electrolytic reduction furnace constructions and method
US3442787A (en) * 1966-05-17 1969-05-06 Exxon Research Engineering Co High temperature fluid coke electrodes
US4338177A (en) * 1978-09-22 1982-07-06 Metallurgical, Inc. Electrolytic cell for the production of aluminum
US4342637A (en) * 1979-07-30 1982-08-03 Metallurgical, Inc. Composite anode for the electrolytic deposition of aluminum
EP0003598B1 (en) * 1978-02-09 1984-06-06 Vereinigte Aluminium-Werke Aktiengesellschaft Process for the production of aluminium by electrolysis of fused salts
US6428675B1 (en) 2000-07-13 2002-08-06 Alcoa Inc. Low temperature aluminum production

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2487770A (en) * 1946-02-11 1949-11-08 Cons Mining & Smelting Co Electric furnace
US2919234A (en) * 1956-10-03 1959-12-29 Timax Associates Electrolytic production of aluminum
US2980596A (en) * 1956-12-27 1961-04-18 George E Conway Electrolytic reduction furnace constructions and method
US3442787A (en) * 1966-05-17 1969-05-06 Exxon Research Engineering Co High temperature fluid coke electrodes
EP0003598B1 (en) * 1978-02-09 1984-06-06 Vereinigte Aluminium-Werke Aktiengesellschaft Process for the production of aluminium by electrolysis of fused salts
US4919771A (en) * 1978-02-09 1990-04-24 Vaw Vereinigte Aluminium-Werke Ag Process for producing aluminum by molten salt electrolysis
US4338177A (en) * 1978-09-22 1982-07-06 Metallurgical, Inc. Electrolytic cell for the production of aluminum
US4342637A (en) * 1979-07-30 1982-08-03 Metallurgical, Inc. Composite anode for the electrolytic deposition of aluminum
US6428675B1 (en) 2000-07-13 2002-08-06 Alcoa Inc. Low temperature aluminum production

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