US502399A - haskins - Google Patents

haskins Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US502399A
US502399A US502399DA US502399A US 502399 A US502399 A US 502399A US 502399D A US502399D A US 502399DA US 502399 A US502399 A US 502399A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
contact
motor
wire
electrical
index
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US502399A publication Critical patent/US502399A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H03BASIC ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY
    • H03MCODING; DECODING; CODE CONVERSION IN GENERAL
    • H03M1/00Analogue/digital conversion; Digital/analogue conversion
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G01R17/00Measuring arrangements involving comparison with a reference value, e.g. bridge
    • G01R17/02Arrangements in which the value to be measured is automatically compared with a reference value
    • G01R17/06Automatic balancing arrangements
    • G01R17/08Automatic balancing arrangements in which a force or torque representing the measured value is balanced by a force or torque representing the reference value

Description

(No Model.)
C. H. HASKINS. ELEGTRIC TELEMETER.
Patented Aug. l, 1 893 JIIIII nuefnboz @du fltozvfwg @m i@ @A UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
CHARLES H. HASKINS, OF NEV YORK, N. Y.
ELECTRIC TELEMETER.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Iatent No. 502,399, dated August 1, 1893.
Application tiled March 9, 1892.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, CHARLES H. HAsKINs,
a citizen of the United States, and a resident of the city, county, and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Electric Telemeters, of which the following is a specification. l [My invention relates to apparatus employed for indicating at a distant point variations in temperature, pressure, the rate of expenditure of force, and the like, by the agency of electricity.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure l is a diagrammatic plan of one form of apparatus embodying my invention and Fig. 2 is a modification of the same.
Referring to Fig. 1, which represents a construction of apparatus especially designed for indicating at a distance the movements of the index of a thermometer, T represents a metallic thermometer of the usual construction provided with an index X adapted to move to and fr0 over a circular graduated dial, and so adjusted as to correctly indicate the temperature of the locality at any given time.
A B is awire or strip, of platinum, Germansilver or other metal of high specific electrical resistance, its ends being secured in clamps or binding-screws a Z), which is bent into an arc concentric with the dial over which the indexXof the thermometer moves. This may be conveniently effected by sinking it into a shallow circumferential groove formed in a disk of slate, porcelain or other nonfconducting material. At the place at which the indications are to be exhibited is fixed another similar metallic Wire or strip c d the ends of which are secured to clamps o d. The clamp a is joined to the clamp c by a Wire or conductor C having an electrical resistance which should be very small in comparison to that of the Wires A B and c d. The clamps b and d' are joined by another similar wire or conductor D of equally low resistance.
The metallic index-arm X of the thermometer T carries a movable electric contact To, preferably in the form of a small roller of platinum moving along the Wire A B, and the Wire c d is traversed by a similar electrical contact attached to a movable metallic arm X', turning upon a pivot m2, and provided with Serial No. 424,255. (No model.)
a handle co3, preferably of non-conducting 1naterial.
The index X of the thermometer T is electrically joined to the arm X by a conductor e e in which is inserted at some convenient point a battery or other suitable generatorof electricity E.
At the place Where the indications are to be observed, is placed a galvanometer G of any suitable construction, capable of indicating the presence of an electric current in the Wire g g in which it is inserted. The terminals of the Wires g g are electrically connected to the thick Wires O D, preferably at the points a b 'as shown in the drawings, though they may be attached at the points c d or at any intermediate point if desirable especially if the relative resistance of the Wires C D is very small.
The system of circuits hereinbefore explained constitutes a species of electrical parallelogram, sometimes termed a bridge. In the apparatus shown, A and B constitute what are termed the first and second sides of the bridge, and c c and d d, respectively the third and fourth sides. Hence, from the Well-known laW of the bridge, it follows that when the electrical resistances of the four sides are in the following ratio: A: B z: O-l-c D-[-d, no current can pass through the bridge Wire g g, and hence the galvanoscope G Will stand at zero. Now it is obvious that the above mentioned proportion can only exist when the contact ai divides the Wires c CZ in the same ratio that the contact a; divides the Wire A B. Hence it will be readily seen that a person wishing to ascertain the actual reading of the index X of the thermometer T has only to move the arm X into such a position upon the dial tas will bring the index of the galvanoscope G into a zero position, indicating no current in the wire g g, when its reading will correspond With that of the index It is obvious that the movements of any indicator, pressure gage, or other like instrument, may be ascertained in the same mannen It is only necessary to attach the moving por tion of the' apparatus to a contact n; in the same way that the index of the thermometer is attached in the present case.
Fig. 2 shows a modification of my invention, in which the movement of the indicating dea vice is made automatic so as to give the proper' indication at any moment bymere inspection. In this case the movement to be indicated acts upon a pinion p, which is thereby made to revolve in one direction or the other as the case may be. The conductor A B is in this instance stretched in a straight line and the movable contact x is carried back and forth by a rack r or other equivalent device. The index-needle of the galvanoscope G plays between two electrical contacts attached to the wires y and e', which extend to the commutator brushes y and c of an electric motor M. These brushes are so adjusted as to give respectively an advance and retrograde movement to the motor, in a well-known manner, by transmitting current l therethrough from asuitable generator as at E. So long as the electrical balance of the whole system is maintained,the needle of the galvanoscope G will not make contact with either y or z and the motor E will remain at rest; if the contact mis moved in one direction, (say to the left,) the needle of G will be deflected to the left, the circuit of motor M will be closed through wire y and the motor INI will revolve, turning the screw s and carrying the nut n, with its attached contact to the left along the scale t, until its position corresponds to that of the contactar, when the electrical equilibrium in the whole system will be restored and the motor will stop, and remain at rest until another change takes place in the position of the contact It", on the other hand, the contact an should be moved from left to right, the same series of operations would necessarily take place in the reverse direction.
Any mechanical motor capable of being controlled by the movement of a galvanoscope needle to move in either direction would answer Well as asubstitute for an electric motor.
I claim as my inventionl. In a telemetric apparatus, an electrical balance consisting of four arms and a transverse bridge or indicator circuit, two of said arms being composed in part of line conductors of negligible resistance, for the purpose specified and provided with a movable electric contact at each terminal of the source of electricity; means substantially such as de. scribed whereby one of said contacts receives motion from the device whose movement is to be indicated, and means, substantially such as described,whereby the other may be moved correspondingly at the place of observation to restore the equilibrium of the balance as set forth.
2. In a telemetric apparatus, an electrical balance consisting of four arms and a transverse bridge or indicator circuit, two ot' said arms being composed in part of conductors extending between separate localities, and having an electrical resistance which is negligible in comparison to the resistance of the other conductors ot the system, as set forth.
3. In a telemetric apparatus, an electrical balance consisting of four arms and a transverse bridge or indicator circuit, a movable contact for varying the ratio of resistance between two of said arms, which contact receives its motion from the device whose movement is to be indicated; a movable contact for varying the ratio of resistance of the rcmaining two arms, which receives its motion from a reversible motor, and a galvanoscope in the indicator circuit, whereby the starting, stopping, and direction of motion ot said motor are governed or controlled, substantially as set forth.
4. In a telemetric apparatus, the combination of a resistance conductor bisected by a movable electric contact, a traveling nut carrying said contact, and a screw engaging with said nut formed upon asha'tt coupled to a re versible motor, substantially as set forth.
In testimony whereol:` I have hereunto subscribed mynaine this 7th day of March, A..D. 1892.
CH. II. HASKINS.
IVitnesses:
FRANKLIN L. POPE, CAROLINE E. DAvIDsoN.
US502399D haskins Expired - Lifetime US502399A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US502399A true US502399A (en) 1893-08-01

Family

ID=2571236

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US502399D Expired - Lifetime US502399A (en) haskins

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US502399A (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2618209A (en) * 1948-01-30 1952-11-18 Mitchell Camera Corp Follow-focus system for cameras and the like
US2618694A (en) * 1945-10-29 1952-11-18 Nielsen A C Co Remote radio receiver tuning indicating apparatus
US2628434A (en) * 1946-05-25 1953-02-17 Dehmel Richard Carl Aircraft training apparatus with vertical air-speed indication and control
US2630481A (en) * 1948-07-21 1953-03-03 Eric A Johnson Data transmission system
US2652896A (en) * 1948-10-08 1953-09-22 Honeywell Regulator Co Combustion engine power control apparatus
US2797050A (en) * 1945-11-06 1957-06-25 Kenneth G Macleish Remote adjustment of automatic control system
US2934751A (en) * 1957-05-07 1960-04-26 Howe Scale Company Apparatus for effecting automatic batching of composite mixtures
US2949601A (en) * 1955-05-02 1960-08-16 Westinghouse Electric Corp Telemetering apparatus
US2973505A (en) * 1954-10-18 1961-02-28 Dresser Ind Method and apparatus for earth borehole investigating and signaling
US3080514A (en) * 1948-01-10 1963-03-05 Bosch Arma Corp Remote control switching system

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2618694A (en) * 1945-10-29 1952-11-18 Nielsen A C Co Remote radio receiver tuning indicating apparatus
US2654651A (en) * 1945-10-29 1953-10-06 Nielsen A C Co Remote radio receiver tuning indicating apparatus
US2797050A (en) * 1945-11-06 1957-06-25 Kenneth G Macleish Remote adjustment of automatic control system
US2628434A (en) * 1946-05-25 1953-02-17 Dehmel Richard Carl Aircraft training apparatus with vertical air-speed indication and control
US3080514A (en) * 1948-01-10 1963-03-05 Bosch Arma Corp Remote control switching system
US2618209A (en) * 1948-01-30 1952-11-18 Mitchell Camera Corp Follow-focus system for cameras and the like
US2630481A (en) * 1948-07-21 1953-03-03 Eric A Johnson Data transmission system
US2652896A (en) * 1948-10-08 1953-09-22 Honeywell Regulator Co Combustion engine power control apparatus
US2973505A (en) * 1954-10-18 1961-02-28 Dresser Ind Method and apparatus for earth borehole investigating and signaling
US2949601A (en) * 1955-05-02 1960-08-16 Westinghouse Electric Corp Telemetering apparatus
US2934751A (en) * 1957-05-07 1960-04-26 Howe Scale Company Apparatus for effecting automatic batching of composite mixtures

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2211606A (en) Liquid level indicator
US1665397A (en) Electrical measuring apparatus
GB1472623A (en) Curvature measurement device
US2396244A (en) 360u deg. resistance type transmitter
US2120771A (en) Electric level indicator
US2289202A (en) Liquid level gauge
US2208379A (en) Radio navigation device
US1759996A (en) System for alternately recording and controlling
US1665857A (en) Electrical transmission system
US1593024A (en) Electrical measuring instrument
US1206304A (en) Electrical measuring instrument.
US1443165A (en) Electric signaling and contbolling appabattts
US1537281A (en) Electrical measuring apparatus
US1705301A (en) Strttment co
US1974187A (en) Measuring apparatus
US2459081A (en) Electrical measuring instrument
US1707624A (en) Gas-comparison apparatus
US1916737A (en) Installation for repeating indications of movement at a distance
US393132A (en) Electric meter
US591162A (en) Speed and direction indicator
US2001335A (en) Apparatus for marking dials of instruments
US2570781A (en) Apparatus for testing electrically actuated indicating instruments
US3213365A (en) Multirange hook-on meter using selectively actuated shorted turn for range changing
US992926A (en) Automatic apparatus for measuring and indicating sizes of tiles, &c.
US1291409A (en) Method of determining melting-points.